Page 1 of 27 Dec 1834 Issue of Connersville Watchman in Connersville, Indiana

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Connersville Watchman (Newspaper) - December 27, 1834, Connersville, Indiana Bn-1- a Vilh Art Stich Art. Publia her. Orriff of Mao icon at i vol. I. S. Vav Imp eur 1 �00 per annul in Advance 3so within the Ybay it a no m ear in tax presidents ikes Sayfi. . A pc thu. List try cd on a . With a who hx0w Tufi i Ohto a Owino Darf Camtam a a Jefff rho. , Indiana , db33mb2?. 27, 1834. A a ass 7 r. No. 31.  5 pig the attention of Congress is earnestly invited the regulation of the deposits in the state Banks by Law. Al though the Power now exercised by the executive department in this behalf is Only such As was uniformly exerted or Dema Quot Fitl Jef a in i a nicked the documents transmitted crease of free letters growing out of the gement of the Public Revenue As on i in a r Quot Quot i co a Aie Iid the eur. Ingress that the appropriations for i Extension and abuse of the franking priv account of its disturbing effect upon the i object connected the War depart Liege. There has been a gradual in Harmony of be Union i a of a i wring this ment made at the last elision for the crease in the number of executive of i we Are no danger from violate through every administration from the l fmin1ed�?T a a a a Community remove season taken place in the condition of service of the year 1831, excluding the the indians. Arrangements lire in pro permanent appropriation fir the pay Gress for the removal of the creeks and tent of military gratuities under the will soon be for the removal of the sem act of june 7, 1c32, the appropriation insoles. I regret that the cherokees. Of two Hundred thousand Dolhai for Arm East of the Mississippi have not yet de danger from violation Ces which it has been granted and by of the Constitution by which encroach an act passed in March 1833, it was sex ments Are made upon the personal lights tended members of Congress through of the citizen. The sentence of con out the whole year. It is believed that damnation Long since pronounced by the a revision of the Law relative the american people upon acts of that Charing and equipping the militia and the franking privilege some enact Acter will i doubt net continue the pro a appropriation often thousand Sollors for ments enforce More rigidly the res As salutary in its effects As it is Irever he Indiana j i -l1. A a t.,. .1 _ a Rigin of the government up the is �,0w ,0nk. Per onal cd a uses which the civilization of the Indian a High Are i frictions under which it is granted would sible in its nature. But against the Dan a i have heretofore retarded that ultimate-1 a Quot a a a a. A ii a a. 1 Tal Dishmen of the present Bank yet it not annually renewed amounting the operate beneficially the country by1 Gers of unconstitutional acts which its of so a a a a in Piaf jut 11 i a a. I or a o r la j a us Vij j gun i luit in Itab or none which is susceptible of regulation Nevi a be measure will continue sum of nine millions three thousand enabling the department at an earlier Stead of menacing the vengeance off a a la u. am unable conjecture. It Hundred and sixty one dollars red that bar Lafed. The Power of Congress however that delay will bring Tho a Timus of appropriations be direct in what places the treasurer shall evils which will for the same branches of service n keep the Money in the Treasury and the re not on More and. A a /. A i unpleasant. I he experience of every year adds the conviction that emigration and that alone can preserve from destruction the remnant of the tribes yet Cou raged by those Public officers and ill a a Rodg a a a he facility which estimates of appropriation a for the next agents on whom rests the responsibility i necessaries of life Are procured and j of three millions two Hundred and then for their safety. It is desirable that As by Law and. Therefore ought so be impose restrictions upon the executive authority in relation their custody and removal is unlimited and its exercise will rather be courted than Dis a a 1 for the year 1835, amount the sum of fire millions seven Hundred and seventy eight thousand nine Hundred and sixty four dollars making a difference in the appropriations of the current year Over the s next then period restore the mail facilities that fended authority proffer local Adrann b5 a he treaty stipulations providing Aid for four thousand two Hundred and nine Little Power As possible should he left Emigrant indians a their agricultural -.even dollars pursuits and in the important concern j the principal causes which have Ope of education and their removal from rated at this time produce this great those causes which have heretofore de a difference Are shown in the reports und pressed All and destroyed Many of the documents and in the detailed estimates tribes cannot fail stimulate their sex some of these causes Are accidental and Ertons and Reward their Industry. Temporary while others arc permanent the two Laws passed at the lasses and sided by a just course of adminis the president or Secretary of the Treasury Over those institutions which being thus freed from executive influence and i without a common head the direct their j operations would have neither the temp 1 Tatios nor the ability interfere in the political conflicts of the country. Not deriving their Charters from the nation Al authorities they would never have inducements meddle in Gener i Al elections which have led the Bank of the United states agitate and con rust the country for upwards of two Yourt. The Progress of our Gold coinage is i creditable the officers of the mint and promises in a Short period furnish the. Auetry a sound and portable which will much diminish the in it or together w. a judicious system of Hue been win drawn Aud extend them More widely As the growing settlements of the country May require. To a measure important the government so just our constituents who ask no exclusive privileges for themselves and Are not willing concede them others i earnestly recommend the serious attention of Congress. The importance of the Post office department Aud the magnitude which it has grown both in its revenues and in its operations seem demand its reorganization by Law. The whole of it receipts and disbursements have hitherto been left entirely executive control and individual discretion. The principle is As sound in relation this As Sion of Congress on the subject of Indi a ration May continue operate Benefi j any other department of the govern an an airs have been carried into effect i Milf Nunn a a. Convenience travellers of the want of la general paper currency should the a state Banks be incapable of Luru Ishing it a those institutions have already shown themselves competent Purchase and furnish Domestic Exchange for the convenience of Trade at reasonable rates,1 and not a doubt is entertained that in a Short period All the wants of the country in Bank accommodations and Exchange j a Hiba supplied As promptly and cheap As they have heretofore been by the Tok of the United states. If the several states shall be induced gradually Reform their banking system Ana prohibit the Issue of All Small notes we shall in a few years have a currency As sound and at Little liable fluctuations As any other commercial country. The report of the Secretary of War together the accompanying Docu la ments from the several bureaus of that department will exhibit the situation of the various objects committed its ad-1 a ministration. No event has occurred since your last session rendering necessary any trove nent Sof the army the exception of be expedition of the regiment of drag j on. Into the territory of the wandering id predatory tribes inhabiting the West j Frontier and living adjacent the Icaza Boundary. These tribes have m heretofore known us principally their attacks upon our own citizens id upon other indians entitled the Protection of the United states. It he j ame necessary for the peace of the rooters Check these habitual inroads and i am Happy inform you that the object has been effected without the admission of any act of hostility. Col. J Odge and the troops under his com \ and have acted equal firmness d humanity and an arrangement has j in made those indians which it is hoped will assure their permanent pa-1 Ifica relations the United states and he other tribes of indians upon that order it is be regretted that the prevalence of sickness in that Quarter Las deprived the country of a number of valuable lives and particularly that Gen ral Leavenworth an officer Well known and esteemed for his Galiant services in the late War and for his subsequent Good conduct has fallen a victim his Zeal and exertions in the discharge of his do 7 the army is in a High state of Ciscil me. Its moral condition so far As that known Here is Good and the various ranches of the Public service Are care Billy attended . It is amply sufficient under its present organization for providing the necessary garrisons for the Seaward and for the defence of the internal Frontier and also for preserving the ele try a a a a cents of military knowledge and for scially upon the Public expenditures and detailed instructions for their admin i a just Economy expending where the is ration have been Given. It Wilt seen Public service require and withheld my by the estimates for the present session where it does not is among the Indi spen that a great reduction will take place in sible duties of the government the expenditure of the department in refer ,0 the accompanying re. Consequence of these Laws and their is i porn of he score tar of the of reason believe that their operation the documents wit / it for a full viev of will be salutary and that the the Oscr Tiong of that important Branch on of the indians on the Western Iron of our 8ervice, during the present year. ,.,.it will be seen that the Wisdom and Liber admin traction will still further reduce a Wilh which Congress have provided the expenses of this Branch of the pub a a. A r lie service and at the same time promote its usefulness and efficiency. Circumstances have been recently developed shewing the existence of extensive frauds under the various Laws granting pensions and gratuities for revolutionary services. It is impossible estimate the amount which May have been thus fraudulently obtained from the National Treasury. I am Sathien however it has been such As justify a reexamination of the system and the adoption of the necessary checks in its administration. All will agree that the services and sufferings of the remnant four revolutionary band should be fully compensated. But while this is done every proper precaution should be taken prevent the admission of fabricated and fraudulent claims. In the present Mode of proceeding the attestations and certificates of judicial officers of the various states form a considerable portion h curing it �ver1 g stand narrow uru us by Frosi my a Der curiae a Allotti Lay Tbs ild. A on Ihu i air a a a often Iii. Var dlr by a gtd it a a Lilao Dnn Ciger. U a cur1 Mim it in a a a a a i a ult a cd at article Alan Wilh a re part in m�11 offered and As of ser if e medic i it Reco Quot die in Al it Vbk a for the gradual increase of our Navy material have been seconded by a corresponding Zeal and Fidelity on the part of those whom has been confided the exe cution of the Laws on the subject and i that but a Short period would be now re j quire put in commission a Force i Large enough for any exigency into which the country May be thrown. When we reflect upon oar position in relation other nations it must be Appa-1 rent that in the event of conflicts them we must look chiefly our Navy for the Protection of our National rights the wide seas which separate us from other governments must of necessity be the theatre on which an enemy Wiliaim assail us and unless we Are prepared meet him on this element we cannot be said possess the Power requisite repel or prevent aggressions. We can not therefore watch too much attention this Arm of our defence or Cher-1a a la much Enre the Means by of the checks which Are interposed a which it can possess the necessary of against the commission of frauds. These i Fici Eacy and Extension. To this end however have been and May be Fabrij our p0icy has been heretofore wisely rated and in such a Way As elude do a directed the constant employment of Section at the examining offices. And a Force sufficient guard our Commerce independently of tlu3 practical difficulty j and rapid accumulation of the it is ascertained that these documents materials which Are necessary repair Are often loosely granted sometimes our Vosges it an construct ease such even Blank certificates have been issued Jhew ones As May be required a slate sometimes prepared papers have been0f War signed without inquiry and in one in a in accordance this policy i rec stance at least the Seal of the court has Romend your consideration the Erec been within reach of a person most in a Jon 0f ice additional dry Dock Descry Terestea in its improper application. It a is obvious that under such circumstances no severity fad minissian can Check the abuse of the Law and information has from time time been communicated the pension office questioning or denying the right of persons placed upon the pension list the Bounty of the country. Such cautions Are always attended and examined. But a far More general investigation is called for and i therefore recommend in conformity the suggestion of the Secretary of War that an actual inspection should be made in each state into the circumstances and claims of every person now drawing a pension. The honest Veteran has nothing fear from such a scrutiny while the fraudulent claimant will be detected and the Public Treasury re lived an amount 1 have reason believe far greater than has heretofore been suspected. The details of such a plan could Beso regulated As interpose the necessary Check without any Bur the some operations upon the pensioners. The object should be two fold 1. To look into the original Justice of the claims so far As this can be done under a proper system of regulations by an examination of the claimants them keeping Pace those improvements hich modern experience is continually taking. And these objects appear one embrace All the legitimate purges for which a permanent military rce should be maintained in our coun by. The lessons of history Teacle us its anger and the tendency which exists it an increase. This can be Best met and averted by a just Caulion on the part f the Public itself and of those who rep sept them in Congress. From the duties which devolve on the bed by the Secretary of the Navy and also the construction of the steam batteries which he has referred for the purpose of testing their Efficacy As auxiliaries the system of defence now in use. The report of the postmaster general herewith submitted exhibits the condition and prospects of that department. From that document it appears that there was a deficit in the funds of the department at the commencement of the present year beyond its available Means of three Hundred and fifteen thousand five Hundred and ninety nine dollars and ninety eight cents which on the first of july last had been reduced two Hundred and sixty eight thousand ninety two dollars and seventy four cents. It appears also that the revenues for the coming year will exceed the expenditures about two Hundred and seventy thousand dollars which the excess of Revenue which will result from j the operations of the current half year May be expected independently of any increase in the Gross amount of postage Supply the entire deficit before the end of 1835. But As this calculation is based on the Gross amount of postage which had accrued within the period selves and by inquiring in the Vicinity of embraced by the times of striking the their residence into their history into balances it is obvious that without a the opinion entertained of Thier Revolu-1 progressive increase in the amount of tonary services. Postage the existing retrenchment 2 ascertain in All cases whether must be preserved in through the year the original claimant is living and this 183fi, that the department May acc Ginger department and upon the Cei Ved. By actual personal inspection. This measure will if adopted be productive i think of the desired results and i therefore recommend it your consideration the further suggestion that All payments should be suspended till the necessary reports Are re emulate a surplus fund sufficient place it in a condition of perfect ease. It will be observed that the revenues of the Post office department though they have increased and their amount is above that of any former year have yet Lallen Short of the estimates More than a Hundred thousand dollars. This i Opo graphical engineers a i fiend Organ i it will be seen by a tabular statement is attributed in a great degree the in ment that As Little discretion should be confided the executive officer who controls it As is compatible its efficiency. It is therefore earnestly recommended that it be organized an auditor and treasurer of its own appointed by the president and Senate who shall be branches of the Treasury department. Your attention is again respectfully invited the defect which exists in the judicial system of the United states. Nothing can be More desirable than the uniform operation of the Federal judiciary throughout the several states All of which standing on the same footing As members of the Union have equal rights the advantages and benefits resulting from its Laws. This object is not attained by the judicial acts now in Force be cause they leave one fourth of the states without circuit Courta it is undoubtedly the duty of Congress place All the states on the same footing in this respect either by the creation of an additional number of associate judges or by an enlargement of the circuits assigned those already appointed so As include the new states. Whatever May be the difficulty in a proper organization of the judicial system so As secure its efficiency and uniformity in All parts of the Union and at the same time avoid such an increase of judges As would encumber the supreme appellate tribunal it should net be allowed weigh against the great injustice which the present operation of the system produces. I Trust that i May be also pardoned for renewing the recommendation i have so often submitted your attention in re Gard the Mode of electing the president and vice president of the United states. All the reflection i have been Able bestow upon the subject increase my conviction that the Best interests of the country will be promoted by the adoption of some plan which will secure in All contingencies that important right of sovereignty the direct control of the people. Could this be attained and the terms of those officers be limited a single period of either four or six years i think our liberties would possess an additional safeguard. At your last session i called the Atten of Congress the destruction of the Public building occupied by the Treasury department. As the Public interest requires that another building should be erected As Little delay As possible it is hoped that the Means will be seasonably provided and that they will be ample enough authorize such an enlargement and improvement in the plan of the building As will More effectually accommodate the Public officers and secure the Public documents deposited in it from the casualties of fire. I have not been Able satisfy myself that the Bill entitled a an act improve the navigation of the Wabash River a which was sent me at the close of your last session ought pass and i have therefore withheld from it my approval and now return it the Senate the body in which it originated. There can be no question connected the administration of Public affairs More important or More difficult be satisfactorily dealt than that which relates the rightful authority and proper action of Federal government upon the subject of internal improvements. To inherent embarrassments have been added ethers resulting from the course of our legislation concerning it. I have heretofore communicated freely Congress upon this subject and in adverting it again i cannot refrain from expressing my increased conviction of its extreme importance As Well in re Gard its bearing upon the maintenance of the Constitution and the prudent Man Ges Aud bring id their strata the patronage of the government we Are i fear not so Safe. To suppose that a comm our government has been instituted far the Benefit of the people it must therefore have the Power do whatever May seem induce the Public Good is an error into which even honest minds Ere toe Apt fall. In yielding themselves this fallacy they Overlook the great considerations in which the Federal Constitution was founded. They forget that in consequence of the conceded diversities in the interest and condition of the different states it was foreseen at the period of its adoption that although a particular measure of the government might be beneficial and proper in one state it might be the reverse in another a that it was i or this reason the state would not consent make a Grant the the Federal government of the general As it usual Powers of government but of such Only As were specifically enumerated and the probable effects of which they could As they thought safely anticipate and they forget also the Paramount obligation upon All abide by the compact then so solemnly and As it was hoped so firmly established. In addition the the dangers the Constitution springing from the sources i Bave stated there has been one which was perhaps greater than All. I allude the materials which this subject has afforded for sinister appeals selfish feelings and the opinion heretofore so extensively entertained of its adaptation the the purposes of personal ambition. With such stimulants it is not surprising that the acts and pretensions of Tbs Federal in this behalf should sometimes have been married an alarming extent. The questions which have Arisen upon this subject have related 1st. To the Power of making internal improvements within the limits of a state the right of territorial jurisdiction sufficient at least for their preservation and use. 2d. To the right of appropriating Money in Aid of such works when carried on by a state or by a company a virtue of state authority surrendering the claim of jurisdiction and 3d. To the propriety of appropriation for improvements of a particular class Viz. For lighthouses beacons buoys Public piers and for the removal of Saud bars Sawyers and other Tempo Rary and partial impediments in our navigable Rivers and harbours. The claims of Power for the general government upon each of these Pointa certainly present matter of the deepest interest. The first is however of much the greatest importance inasmuch As in addition the dangers of unequal and improvident expenditures of Public moneys common All there is super added that the conflicting jurisdictions of the respective governments. Federal jurisdiction at least the extent 1 have state has been justly regarded by its advocates As necessarily appurtenant the the Power in question if that exists by the Constitution. That the most injurious conflicts would unavoidably arise Between the respective jurisdictions of the state and Federal governments in the absence of a constitutional provision marking out their respective boundaries cannot be doubted. The local advantages be obtained would induce the states Overlook in the beginning the dangers and difficulties which they might ultimately be exposed. The Powers exercised by the Federal government would soon be regarded jealousy by the state authorities and originating As they must from implication or it Imp it would be impossible affix them certain and Sale limits. Opportunities and temptations the Assumption of Power incompatible state sovereignty would be increased and those barriers which resist the tendency of of system towards consolidation greatly weakened. The officers and agents of the general government might not always have the discretion abstain from inter meddling state concerns and if they did they would not always escape the suspicion of having done so. Collisions and consequent irritations would Spring up that Harmony which should Ever exist Between the general govern ment and each member of the confederacy would be frequently interrupted a spirit of Contention would be engendered a Aud the dangers of division Greaty it multiplied yet we All know these grave objections this danger

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