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Connersville Watchman (Newspaper) - December 20, 1834, Connersville, Indiana
William a Khaut. 1�?~uiif.lsiif.r. Tvs in 05� mint of . 8. W. Parker edi1 k terms. A a cowl lab Estt tax ok1.t with a who know Hsih t2, he per annul in advanced 2,50 within the year a $00 after the. Year expires. Tun Ifo iwo Samc Mai nth or arc a on. Vol. 1. , Indiana Mattord amp Oei bar 20, 1834 a k presi i i Essau e. It Fow Cdr end of the Senate and la cute of Liberal in it provisions in questions of fan i omission to Satis or the conceded claims at Oral maritime Law our citizens. Oor newly Sitab Libed relations with the i the history of the aces med Alden Tede by which their conduct a Rill i Trust he always character wed done every thing Sublime Porte Promise to be useful to our i provoked aggressions upon or Commerce to fun 11 Jtj fair e of a c t o n t h e i r n a r tvo u n t. ,.j ,. Commerce and satisfactory in every res committed by authority of the existing de with the most perfect Confidence of in performing my duty at the opening of pet to this government. Our Intercourse governments of France Between the years equal Fidelity and Ibn Aart or present session it give me pleasure with the Barbary Powers continues with 1800 and 1817, hat been rendered too pain of the French government in tin. A . out important change except that the pres fully familiar to americans to make its a enable expectation we have been 1 regret ent political state of Algiers has induced repetition either necessary or desirable to inform you wholly dissed pointed no me to terminate the Readence there of a it will be sufficient Here to remark that legislative provision has been made by a tuned Consul and to substitute an Ordina it Bare has for Mao years been scarcely a f i a ? by consulate to remain so Long As the place a a Ingle administration of the French gov continue in the Possession of France. Eminent by whom the Justice and legality our first treaty with one of these Powers of the claims of our citizens be indemnity the emperor of Morocco waa formed in 1 were not to a very considerable extent 1786, and waa limited to fifty years. That period has almost o congratulate you again upon the Proa proud condition of our beloved country. Divine Providence hat favored us with Rentria health with Rich rewards in the Fields if agriculture and in every Branch of labor Aid peace to cultivate and extend the various resources which employ the virtue i a Enterprise of our citizens. Let us rest that to surveying a scene so flatter in to our free institutions our joint Deli a rations to preserve them May be crowned lit Success. Admitted and yet near a Quarter of a ceo a Turr has been wasted in ineffectual Degoti i shall take measures to renew it with the greater sat Latina to secure it. A a faction As its stipulations Are just and deeply sensible of the i Jarious effects our foreign relations continue with but Liberal and have been with Mutual Fidelity resulting from this state of things upon the a exceptions to maintain the favourable a gtd reciprocal advantage scrip Tinsly Ful Quot interests and character of both nations i Spect which they bore in my last annual. Filled regarded it As among my first duties to snarf cd Ami pro mtg a to extern those and intestine dissensions Bate Foo Raque otly cause one More Effort to be used tax emf ant Agea which the principles that regulate occurred to Inar the Prosperity interrupt France that a just and Liberal settlement or Intercourse with other nations Are to Commerce and distract the govern-1 of our claims was As Well due to her own Well calculated to of most of the nations of this hemis Honor As to their incontestable Validity. The question of the northeastern Boito Pere which have separated themselves i the negotiation for this purpose was cedi jury is still pending with great Britain Virom Spain. When a firm and permanent Merced with the late government of and the proposition made in accordance understanding with the Parent country France and waa prosecuted with such aug Rith tie Resolution of the Senate for the a Hall have produced a formal acknowledge Cesa As to leave no reasonable ground to Stabli Ternent of a Lino according to the ment of their Independence and the idea i doubt that a settlement of a character realy of 1783, has not been accepted by of danger from that Quarter can be no Ion quite As Liberal As that which Sara abuse that government. Believing that every re a entertained the friends of Freedom sex i Quentlyn made would have been effected Lisp option is Felt on both tides to adjust pet that those countries so favored by a had not the revolution by which the be his perplexing question to the satisfaction Ture will be distinguished for their love Goti Alion was Cut off taken place. The if til the parties interested in it the Hope of Justice and their Devotion to those discussions were resumed with the press yet indulged that it May be effected on i peaceful arts the assiduous cultivation of Lent government and the result showed he basis of that proposition. Which confers Honor upon nations and gives that we were not wrong in supposing that with the governments of Austria Hus. Value to human life. In the mean time 1 an event by which the two governments Lia Prussia Holland Sweden and Den in confidently Hope that the apprehensions were made to approach each other to much Nark the Best understanding exists. Com entertained that Home of the people of Nerce with All is fostered and protected these luxuriant regions May be tempted in 4� reciprocal Good will under the sanctions moment of unworthy distrust of their own f Liberal conventional or Legal provisions. Capacity for the enjoyment of Liberty to in the midst of her internal difficulties commit the too common error of purchasing in Queen of a Spain ratified the Conven f present repose by bestowing on some favor Tion for the payment of the claims of our a leaders the fatal gift of irresponsible citizens arising since 1810. It is in the Power a will not be realized. With All course of execution on her part and a cop-1 these governments and with that of Bra a of it is now Laid before you for such Le-1 al. No unexpected changes in our relations a station As May be found necessary to in Iafe occurred the present year. Frequent Sale those interested to derive the benefits causes of just complaint have Arisen upon the part of the citizens of the United states a sometimes from the irregular action of the constituted subordinate authorities of the maritime regions and sometimes from the leaders or partisans of those in arms against the established governments. In All cases representations have been or will be made and As soon As their political affairs Are in a settled position it is expected that our Friendly remonstrances will be followed by adequate redress. The government of Mexico made known in december last the appointment of com a missioner and a Surveyor on its part to run in conjunction with ours the bound i by Lioe Between its territories and the United Stater and excused the delay fori i the Desoos anticipated the prevalence of civil War. The commissioners and surveyors not having met within the time stipulated by the treaty a new arrangement became necessary Aud our charge do affairs was instructed in january last to Lego cite in Mexico an article additional to the pre existing treaty. This instruction was acknowledged and no difficulty was apprehended in the accomplishment of that object. By information just received that additional article to the treaty will be obtained and transmitted to this country As soon As it can receive the ratification of the mexican Congress. The re Union of the three states of new Granada Venezuela and Equador forming the Republic of Colombia seems every Day to become More improbable. The commissioners of the two first Are understood to be now negotiating a just division of the obligations contracted by them w Hen United under one government. The civil War in Equador it i Belia Vej has prevented even the appointment of a commissioner on its part. 1 propose at an Early Day to submit in 1 the proper form the appointment of a diplomatic agent to Venezuela. 1 he importance of the Commerce of that country to the United states and the Large claims of our citizens upon the government arising before and since the division of Columbia rendering it in my judgment improper longer to delay this step. Our representatives to Central America Peru and Brazil Are either at or on their Way to their respective posts. From the Argentine Republic from of it. Yielding to the Force of circumstances and to the Wise counsels of time and experience that Power has finally resolved no lodger to occupy the unnatural position in which she stood to the new governments established in this hemisphere. I have the great satisfaction of staling to you Liat in preparing the Way for the restoration of Harmony Between those who have sprung from the same ancestors who Are Allied by common interests profess the same religion and speak the same language the United states have been actively instrumental. Our efforts to effect this Good work will be persevered in while they Are Jdc emed useful to the parties and our entire disinterestedness continues to be Felt and understood. The act of Congress to countervail the discriminating duties levied to the prejudice of our navigation in Cuba and Porto Rico has been transmitted to the minister of the United states at Madrid to be communicated to the government of the Queen. No intelligence of its receipt has yet reached the department of state. If the present condition of the country permits the government to make a careful and enlarged examination of the True interests of these important portions of its Dominion no doubt is enter raised that their future Intercourse with the United states will be placed upon a More just and Liberal basis. The Florida archives have not yet been a elected and delivered. Recent orders have been sent to the agent of the United states at Havana to return with All that Homo obtain to that they May be in wasting ton before the ses Stoa of the supreme court to be used in the Legal questions there pending to which the government is a party. Internal Tranquillity la happily restored to Portugal. The distracted state of the county rendered unavoidable the postponement of a final payment of the just claims of our citizens. Our diplomatic relations still be soon resumed and the Long subsist by Friendship with that Power affords to strongest guarantee that the balance die will receive prompt attention. The test instalment due under the convention of indemnity with the King of the two sides has been duly received and n an offer its been made to extinguish the whole i a prompt payment an offer i a Hatch a minister was expected to this did not Lontier myself authorized to a government nothing further has been cent As tie indemnification provided is the1 Beard. Occasion has been taken on the exclusive property of individual citizens of departure of a new Consul to Buenos the a oud states. The original adjust Ayres to remind that government that its ment of Dur claims and the anxiety Dis Long delayed minister whose appointment played to fulfil at once the stipulations bad been made known to us had not Arri made for tie payment of them Are highly ved. Honorable to the government of the two to becomes my unpleasant duty to inform sic Ilies. When it is recollected that they you that this Pacific and highly Gratifying were the result of the injustice of an in-1 picture of our foreign relations Des not Trusie Power temporarily dominant in its include those with France at this tithe. It territory a repugnance to acknowledge is not possible that any government and. End to pay which would have be a neither people could be More sincerely desirous of Ler lbs Exchange of the ratifications of the unnatural Oor unexpected Circumstan-1 conciliating a just and Friendly Intercourse present convey too it shall be brought dices cannot fall to exalt its character for1 with another nation than Are those of the directly theace to France by the vessels of Justice and go gtd Faith in the eyes of Allna United states with their ancient ally and uie United states or by French vessels Lions. A Friend. This disposition is founded As Well the treat of Amity and Commerce be on the most grateful and honorable recon tween the United Stales and Belgium sections associated with our struggle for in brought to your notice in my last annual dependence As upon a Well grounded con to message As sanctioned by the Senate but fiction that it is consonant with the True the ratifications of which had not Beau exp policy of both. The people of the United changed owing to a delay in its reception a a states could not therefore see without the at Brussels and a subsequent absence of deepest regret even a temporary inter the belgian minister of foreign affairs eruption of the Friendly relations Between he been after mature deliberation finally the two countries a regret which would disavowed by that government As Ioco Sis i am sure be greatly aggravated if there tent with the Powers and instructions give should turn out to Zwaay reasonable ground in to their minister who negotiated it for attributing such a result to any act of this disavowal was entirely unexpected As omission or commission on our part. I de the Liberal principles embodied in the con rive therefore the highest satisfaction mention and which from the ground work from being Able to assure you that the of the objections to it were perfectly sat whole course of the government has been a a factory to the belgian characterized by a spirit so conciliatory were supposed to to not Only within the a and forbearing As to make it impossible Powers granted but expressly Conformable a that our Justice and moderation should be to the instructions Given to him. An offer questioned whatever May be the cons not Jet accepted has been in ado by Belgi quenches of a longer perseverance on the a pm to renew negotiations fora treaty loss part of the French Gover Anent in her nearer in their political principles and by which the motives for the most lib Rel and Friendly Intercourse were so greatly multiplied could exercise no other then a salutary influx ice upon the negotiation. After the most deliberate and thorough examination of the whole subject a treaty Between the two governments was concluded and signed at Paris on the 4th of july 1831, by which it was stipulated that a the French government in order to liberate itself from All the reclamations preferred against it by citizens of the United states for unlawful seizures captures sequestration confiscations or destruction of their vessels cargoes or other property engages to pay a sum of Twenty five millions of francs to the United states who shall distribute it among those entitled in he manner and according to the rules it shall determine a a and it was also stipulated on the part of the French government that this Twenty five millions of Radca should a be paid at Paris to Sis annual instalments of four millions one Hundred and sixty six thousand six Hundred and sixty six francs and sixty six centimes each into the hands of such person or persons As shall be authorized by the govern meet of the United states to receive it. J tie instalment to be paid a at the expiration of one year next following the Exchange of the ratifications of this convention and the others at successive intervals of a year one after another till the whole shall be paid. To the amount of each of the said instalments shall be added interest at four per centum thereupon As upon the other instalments then remaining unpaid the said interest to be computed from the Day of the Exchange of the present it was also stipulated in the part of the United states for the purpose of being completely liberated from All the reclamations presented by France on behalf of its citizens that the sum of one million five Hundred thousand francs should be paid to the government of France in six annual instalments to be deducted out of the annual sums which France had agreed to pay interest thereupon being in like manner computed from the Day of the Exchange of the ratifications. In addition to this stipulation important advantages were secured to France by the following article Viz a the wines of France from and after the Exchange of the ratifications of the present convention shall be admitted to consumption to the states of the Union at duties which shall not exceed the following rates by the gallon such As it is used at present for Wiaes to the United states to wit six cents for red wines in casks ten cents for White wines in casks and Twenty two cents for wines of All sorts in bottles. The proportions existing Between the duties on French wines thus reduced and the general rates of the Tariff which went into operation the first january 18�?~iit, shall be maintained in Case the government of the United states should Biuk proper to diminish those general rates in a new Tariff. To consideration of this stipulation Wivi Cushall be binding on the United states France for the execution of the treaty either As it respects the indemnity to he paid or the commercial benefits to be secured by the United states and the relations Between the United states and that Power in consequence thereof Are placed in a situation threatening to interrupt the Good understanding which has so Long and so happily existed Between the two nations. Not Only has the French government been thus wanting in the Pirfo Raece of the it her no mls Elj entered into with the u. States but its omissions have been marked by circumstances which would seem to leave us without satisfactory evidences that such performance will Oer Tauly take place at a future period. Ad-1 vice of the Exchange of ratifications reach-1 de Paris prior to the 8th april 1832. The French Chambers were then sitting and cout soued in session until the 21st of that it month and although one instalment of the indemnity was payable on the 2d of february,1833,one year after the Exchange 1 of ratifications no application was made to the Chambers for the required appropriation and in consequence of no appropriation having then been made the draft of the u. S. Government for that instalment was dishonoured by the minister of finance and the u. Stales thereby involved in much controversy. The next session of the cram Bers commenced on the 19th november 1832, and font soued until the 25th april 1833. Notwithstanding the omission to pay 1 the first instalment had been made the subject of Earnest remonstrance on our part the treaty with the u. States and a Bill making the necessary appropriations to execute it. Were not Laid before the chamber of deputies until the 6th of april nearly five months after its meeting and Only Nineteen Days before the close of the cession. The Bill was read and referred to a committee but there was of further action upon it. The next session of the Chambers commenced on the 26th of april 1833, and continued until tbe26lh of june following. A new Bill was introduced on the 11th of june but nothing important was done a relation to it during the session. A the month of april 1834, Hearty three years after the signature of the treaty the final action of the French Chambers upon the Bill to carry the treaty into effect was obtained and resulted to a refusal of the necessary appropriations. The avowed grounds upon which the Bill was rejected Are to be Lou a in the published a. Job vol of expectations Fongwu the Taj Oraa Ces Given Here for there is of Eon trite tonal obstacle to entering into legislative Boa a Ness at the first meeting of the Chambers. This Point however might have been overlooked had not the Chambers instead of being called to meet at so Early a Day that the result of their deliberations might be to to before the meeting of Cong res been prorogued to the 29th of the present month a period so late that their decision Caa scarcely he made Koostra to the Prasant Congress prior to it dissolution. To avoid this delay Oor minister to Paris in virtue of the Assurance Given by Tbs French minister Iatha United states strongly urged the convocation of tha Chambers at an Early Day but without a wow. It u Tarao a a a Sash. Or that this Rousal has Boon accompanied with the most positive assurances of the part of the of France of to boil intention to press the appropriation at the ennui Tig session of the Chambers. The executive Branch of this government hat As matters stand exhausted a the authority upon the us Hyst with which it is invested nod which it has any reason to relieve could be beneficially employed. The idea of acquiescing in the refusal to execute the treaty will not i am confident be for a moment entertained by any Branch of this government and further negotiation is equally out of the Kaaa Tion. If it shall be she pleasure Ocon great to await be further action of the French Chambers no further consideration of the subject will at this Section probably be required at your hands. But from the original delay in asking for an appropriation from the refusal of the Chambers to Grant it when asked from the omission to bring the a abject before the Chambers at their last session from the fact that including that session there have been five different occasions when the appropriation might have been made and from the delay m conv oking the Chambers until some weeks after the meeting of Congress when it was known that a communication of the whole a object to Congress at the last session was prevented by assurances that it should he disposed of a fore its present meeting you should feel yourselves constrained to doubt whether it be the intention of the French govern Tneia in att its branches a it a Rev the and no observations of mine can be Necea my into effect Aud think that such men sary to satisfy Congress of their utter in soffit Icicy. Although the Gross amount of the claims of our citizens is probably greater than Wilt be ultimately allowed by the commissioners sufficient is nevertheless shown to Render it absolutely certain that the indemnity Falls far Short of the actual amount of our just claims independently of the question of damages and fur the detention. That the settlement involved a sacrifice in this respect was Well known at the time a sacrifice which was cheerfully acquiesced in by the different branches of the Federal government whose action upon the treaty was required from a sincere desire to avoid further collision upon this old and disturbing subject and in the confident expectation that the general relations Between the two countries would be improved thereby. The refusal to vote the appropriation the news of which was received from our minister in Paris about the 15th Day of May last might have been considered the final determination of the French government not to execute the stipulations of the treaty and would have justified an immediate communication of tha facts to Congress with a recommendation of such ultimate measures As the interest amp Honor of the u. States might seem to require. But with the news of the refusal of the Chambers to make the appropriation were conveyed the regrets of the King Aud a declaration that a National vessel should be forthwith sent out with instructions to the French minister to give tie most ample explanations of the past and the strongest assurances for the future. After a Long passage the promised despatch vessel arrived. The pledges Given by the French minister upon the receipt of his instructions were that so soon after the election of the new members As the charter would permit the legislative Cham for ten years the French gov Ruu enl Bers of France should be called together Abandons the reclamations which it lad Aud the proposition for an appropriation formed in relation to the uth article of the and before them that All the constitutional treaty of cession of Louisiana. U enga ii p0wers of the King and Bis Cabinet should Ges moreover to establish on the Long do the exerted to accomplish the object and pie Cottons of the United states which of Bat the result should be made known Early enough to be communicated to Congress at the commencement of the present session. Relying upon these pledges and not doubting that the acknowledged Justice of our claims the promised exertions of the King and his Cabinet and above All that sacred regard for the National Faith and Honor for which the French character has been so distinguished would secure an Early execution of tie treaty in All its parts i did not deem it necessary to Call the attention of Congress to the subject at the last session. 1 regret to say that the pledges in Ede through the minister of France have not been redeemed. The new Chambers met on the 31st july last and although the subject of fulfilling treaties was alluded to in the speech from the three to attempt was made by the King or his Cabinet to procure an appropriation to carry it into execution. The reasons Given for this omission although they might be considered Sutlin Lieut in an Ordinary Case Are not consistent with the Ali same duties As on Short Staple this treaty was duly ratified in the manner proscribed by the Couslin Lutious of both countries and the ratification was exchanged at the Cuy of w Ashington on the 2d it february io32. On account of its commercial stipulations it waa in five Days thereafter Laid before the Congress of the United slates Whiteb proceeded to enact such Laws favourable to the Commerce of France As were necessary to carry it into full execution Aud France has trom that period to the present been in the unrestricted enjoyment of the valuable privileges that were thus a ared to her. The Faith of the French nation having been thus solemnly pledged through its Couslin Tut ional Organ for the liquidation amp ultimate payment of the Long deferred claims of our citizens As also for the adjustment of other Points of great and reciprocal benefits to both countries and the United states having with a Fidelity and pro if to ures As the occasion May be deemed to Call for should be now adopted the important question arises what those measures shall be. Our institutions Are essentially Pacific. Peace and Friendly Intercourse with All nations Are As much the desire of our government As Bey Are the interest of our people. But these objects Are not to be permanently secured by surrendering the rights of our optic ens or permitting solemn treaties for their indemnity in cases of flagrant wrong to be abrogated or set aside. It is in the Power of Congress seriously to affect the agricultural and manufacturing interests of France by the passage of Laws relating to her Trade with the United states. Her products manufactures and tonnage May be subjected to heavy duties in our ports or All commercial Intercourse with her May be suspended. A but there Are powerful and to my mind conclusive objections to this Mode of proceeding. We cannot Embarrass or Cut off the Trade of France without at the same time in some degree embarrassing or cutting off our own Trade. The injury of such a warfare must fall though unequally upon our own citizens and could not but impair the Means of the government and weaken that United sentiment in support of the rights and Honor of the nation which must now pervade every bosom. Nor is it impossible that a course of legislation would in trod tree once More into our National councils those disturbing questions in relation to the Tariff of duties which have been so recently Pul to rest. Besides by every measure adopted by the government of the United states with the View of inquiring France the Clear a reception of right which will induce our own people and the rulers and people of All other nations even of France herself to pronounce our quarrel just will be obscured and the support rendered to us in a final resort to our decisive measures will be More limited and equivocal. There is but one Point in the controversy and upon that the whole civilized world must pronounce France to be in the wrong. We insist that she shall pay �1 a suns o Money which she has acknowledged to be due and of the Justice of this demand there can in but one opinion among Mankind. True policy Pqul dem to dictate that the question it Issue should be kept thus Dis encumbered and that not the slightest pretence should be Given to France to persist in her refusal to make payment by any act on our part affecting the interests of her people. The question should be left As it is now to such an attitude that when France fulfils her trea
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