Page 1 of 13 Dec 1834 Issue of Connersville Watchman in Connersville, Indiana

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Connersville Watchman (Newspaper) - December 13, 1834, Connersville, Indiana Williah Stewart publisher. Farrior on Mihiron , s. W. So vat unit editor. A 2,110 pub annul in Advance it 2.�o Quot i thin the y e a r a after the year expires it it a. 1. A a civil link Btu can Only Viu with a . Who know their Richov Amo know. Ino hark maintain aoitnsr.ctill3, a the watchi1n. To pts a a a a a a on would prefer obscene matter and governors message isome rib Aldry and some blasphemy i communicated to both House of the gun but it would be an insignificant portion eral Assembly on tuesday the 2d instant of the whole country. The bulk who i Lur Day december 13. 1834. Are innocently and morally disposed a Are More or less respectable and . Congress. Gentlemen of the Senate and of the House of represent Atves. ,.14 be a a shamed to snog i try it Quot Quot Quot a to la Weir cottages where their wive and continued its rapid Advance in wealth and project a but Little More meant or Retour that part of the Wahaib River which Eoa be than Timeir Public credit which enabled a a them to obtain in the Money Market such sums As they needed. The Nuney thus procured in the tint instance immediately benefited the people by being thrown into circulation in payment for labor materials and subsistence and so soon As the works statutes the common Boundary Between the two states and has entered upon the duties of the service. Owing to the sickness nothing Tnora has been done than making some necessary surveys preparatory to the work. Whether the Twenty four thousand dollars appropriated will remove the obstruction were completed the people and the states to the navigation of the rapids or not Suffi c following table is taken from a children Are a believe that they would i improvement current of Emigrant in la,�1 Maud and higher orlcm7�?~tent it a not f a been obtain a / i a i i a a i j i 1 a Situu niger prices Tor la Weir produce de. A report Iron too j. S. Telegraph. It exhibits the not desire to read it themselves. 1 a Ever been exceeded the it Tournai the a by the activity imparted to every Branch of be expected. A kit a Quot 52,it?, detel�pl0k a a a Zjr casing Industry and by the enhancement of landed i herewith Lay before you a report made of Ever class of our Indus r,-1 property of the country. The additional to the of , oui citizen is improving and the numerals a value alone of the lands in the District in with an accompanying Resolution on the evidence that we be every where armed Tene cled by the Miami canal in Ohio far subject of the Southern Boundary of that us of a Happy and prosperous people Call exceeds the Cost of the construction. The territory constituting the Northern Boun upon us for Public and grateful a Knowledg actual wealth of a state or nation does not dries of Ohio Illinois Ami of this state meats to the of the Umer consist of the sums hoarded in the Treasury from this document i will be seen that Ous blessings enjoyed by our country but in the wealth of the citizen and their Michigan notwithstanding the approval by Lle led growth and improve Eaton this or their peaceable disposition ii portion to he Urdina Rys demands a a a a la p7 Wied ter la. A a a a a of���re., of the Constitution of these urtus Bufe tb7, a thu us a a the j i8 natural to englishmen and Treasury and re sensation in from each Jhu pc had much Intercourse with the. F a. People of All ranks from the lowest to 10 the Union from he Organ at on v entertained government up to l in present time \ of them even when most the several . O re preset at on have Nown thing in the Nom. Or o. Cd or a Saje in which j had any fear of the table is an Apt exit Ilion o i in in e0pje either of their morals or their j a presentation has been augmented to Iino unt of 17,000�?still the dumber of resent Tives has increased in the Clear it of 175. Demagogues and fourth i those Only can be afraid of them who unfortunately Lor both parties arc exceedingly ignorant of the people. Those who know them a much As 1 uly orators Are wont to make themselves must know that they Are very much Inion Imit end r. Mensi Manoil att to fils a i 1 a a 1 1 imely eloquent and Emyss signed on this but after All the naked fact is al irate 1787 �?T93 �?T03 �?Tl3 �?Ts3 �?T33 �?T36 states. Hampshire Chinen. Island Cli Cut York Jersey no al Venia , Roland Mit the Carolina the Carolina on i it icky Mes we Liana Lant Bame an Sippi 8 so be 3 8 1 5 6 4 8 1 6 10 5 5 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 u 0 0 of .2 n at 4 14 3 7 10 5 13 1 8 19 10 6 3 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 totals 1 1 8 o w h a a i j 2 .2 o 8 s m d Ltd tos z 6 6 5 7 20 13 12 14 3 2 3 4 t 6 6 8 37 34 40 42 6 6 a 6 8 23 26 28 30 3 1 1 3 9 9 8 10 a 23 22 21 33 a 13 13 13 15 9 9 9 11 6 7 9 11 6 5 5 7 10 11 13 if 6 9 13 15 6 14 19 21 0 3 3 5j 0 5 7 9 i 0 3 5 7 0 1 3 4 0 1 3 5 0 7 8 10 i 0 1 2 4 181 213 240 288 the reverse of an object of dread or distrust or suspicion that they Are generally morally and peaceably disposed and i should say very much disposed to respect and submit to those a Bove them. Even the trades unions do not Oiler to my mind any material in treasurer of state will exhibit in detail the j too affording Means to Enterprise and exception for i believe they have ill particulars of the receipts a disbursements a stimulating to activity every department of Many cases had grievances to complain of the past year. I again invite the Atten of and that they have erred in not Taio Quot a the legislature to the suggestion ,. ,. Made in my last annual communication As King the right Way to get redress by a. 0 Tjie amendments necessary to our present trusting to selfish dishonest leaders Revenue Law to insure greater accuracy and by being imperfectly informed up and uniformity As Well As Economy in As on their own interests. I state my o Quot e�?�pi5 a old Ramon Law a do for Takauo new �2.000 votes e Given for Congress at the late elec this state. The Jackson ticket needed by a majority of about 1000 Tei. Upon to the government make contributions Pecos Slat in each of which their rays stirs thou git the system to it by. The Treasury of a Well managed gov-1 boundaries r1 Oiwa Ray defined As operation is not As perfect or equitable at i rement is the pockets of the people in her Southern Boundary an East and wee could be desired or As economical in its As which something should be placed by Wise line drawn through the Louthern Extrema a Estment amp collection As it ought to be yet legislation before much is required. To1 of Lake Michigan. Were it possible to rail is adequate to our present scale of Ripen borrow Money at a fair rate of interest will Cognize this claim Indiana would lose a Dit re. The receipts during the past year not Embarrass the government or improver a District ten Miles wide extending entirely from All sources amount to $ 106,797,08 and no the people but on the contrary will across the Northern part of the state in the disbursements to$121,372,28 which with enrich both. If the interest is annually l eluding one of the fairest and most Deti Rathe balance on hand of $10.690,29, at the raised by taxation the ability of the people ble portions of her territory and be enclose of the last fiscal year leaves in expend to pay these taxes is increased because the Lirely excluded from any Access to the Lake ded in the Treasury the sum of $2,324,14. Principal of the debt is expended among except through a foreign jurisdiction. The greater expenditure during the past them. By this process the capital which this claim can never be acceded to by year is principally owing to the payments has accumulated in the commercial i a Indiana and in is highly important that the on account of the erection . Ties is transferred to the West where it question should be brought to an Early de a the annual reports from the auditor and a needed and thrown into general circular vision. During the last session of Congress or. Poindexter of the u. S. Sen recently arrived in the City of n. Ork from n. Orleans�?50 guns were fire d Bis debarkation. Pm English lady has to a Fortune of ninety six thousand r per annul recently by the bequest ter aunt. Massachusetts the late election ibis state has resulted in a Triumph for whigs by Large and increased majority of the 10 representatives in Congress wigs. Or. Davis the whig candidate governor it is said has a majority of All votes though three others ran against Michigan the official returns of late census of this territory taken Ith a View to her admission into the Union it 81.553�? and yet one county within the Nikaula is to be heard from the county cat of the Lake has As yet made no return Pinion As the result of a Large practical experience having had an intimate knowledge of the people in every Way and the More i have known the less apprehension 1 have had about them. 1 have therefore not a doubt in answer ing the question in the affirmative. I must also add that i am quite certain if the stamp were taken away where we circulate useful information to the extent of thousands we should circulate useful information to the extent of millions for we have been trying to get useful publications not Only into parts of the country where men Are gregarious the manufacturing districts in which they naturally and easily read but into farm houses and cottages where the Case is different. The great difficulty is to get the peasants to read first because they do not work together and next because people working in the open air Are sleepy when they come Home but in Long Winter nights when they Are not so j be Laid before you in due time hard worked and have much spare of the various subjects which will Necea warily present themselves for your consideration during the present session there is none More important than the prosecution of the Wabash and Erie canal. Not Only Are we deeply interested in a pecuniary j Point of View but our character As a state j is concerned amp our Public Faith is pledged for its vigorous prosecution and speedy completion. During the past season 36 12 Miles in addition to former lettings have j been put under contract and Are now in Progress. The prices at which these contracts were taken Are considered fair although the average Price per mile is higher than the contracts of last year principally in consequence of a greater amount in Lockage and additional feeders on that part of the line. In pursuance of the provision of an act of the last session the canal commissioners have caused surveys to be made on each Side of 11.� wat wih. Nasr of ctn f to the m nth of the Tippecanoe with the View of determining As to the comparative eligibility of the two routes but in consequence of the constant employment of the Industry. This is not Mere speculation it is theory based upon reason and abundantly verified by facts and experience. With a View of engaging in works of internal improvement the propriety of adopting something like a general plan or system having reference to the several portions of the state and the connexion of one with another naturally suggests itself. No work should be commenced but such As would be of acknowledged Public Utility and when completed would form a Braach of some general system. In this Way Only can any permanent Public advantage be realized the people generally be netted by the expenditure and the imputation of partial or local legislation be avoided. In View of this object the policy of organizing a Board of Public works is again respectfully suggested. Such a Board acting with a View to the general interest of the state would Only Sanction such As were capable of being extended amp connected with each other upon Tome general plan so As to open communications Between the most important Points and Subserve the general interests of the people. The subject was brought immediately before that body by the application of the people of Michigan to be admitted into the Union As a state and the question underwent considerable discussion before a committee of the Senate but no goal action was had on the subject by either Bouse. The question was then contested principally Between Tho delegation of the state of Ohio and Michigan to latter insisting that it it purely a judicial question depending upon compacts and Laws already enacted and Over which Congress has no jurisdiction and the former contending that it a a question of legislative discretion and expediency. For the purpose of putting you in Possession of the position taken by the parties i herewith Lay before you the report of the committee of the Senate containing the arguments and documents submitted to them by the delegation from Ohio and Michigan the deep interest our state has in this important question will suggest to you the propriety of calling the attention of mtr delegation in Congress to the subject and requesting them to unite with those of Ohio Sod Illinois in bringing it to a speedy determination by Congress the Only Legitime i ate tribunal for its decision. But should the receipts on account of the three per Michigan succeed in procuring an admin cent. Fund since the last annual report of Sion into the Union upon an equal footing Tbs age Quot amount to $20,105,00, falling1 with other states before the question a Short of the existing appropriations nearly one half. It is obvious while the present system of appropriating this fund is continued it cannot be relied on As a Means of Engineer in the Field exercises and of some improving our roads and highways so As to a delay occasioned by ill health the estimates produce any permanent Public advantage. Have not As yet been completed but will it is annually distributed in Small portions the exp to the several counties in he state and by time it is particularly desirable that they should not have recourse to Beer shops or to bad publications. It would be of great advantage if we could furnish them with publications that have a tendency to make men Good members of society rather than those which Are now propagated and Are read by great numbers teaching them that the most infamous of characters a Man for instance who is about to Bec ecu Ted for the foulest murder from the moment he becomes converted to some particular spiritual doctrine is Safe from retribution in another world. I cannot perceive a More pernicious doctrine and All which is said about absolution in the Catholic Church is not one Whit worse even in its abuse and 1 know it is very much abused. Those publications which Are in farm houses to my knowledge for want of better teach that if a Man commits murder and will Only afterwards become a fanatic he is in acceptance with heaven and his murder forgiven if a Man have in his cottage at a cheap rate accounts of the debates which they look to with great interest and which it �3 their duty As Well a3 their interest to read the proceedings in the courts of Justice which they also wre delighted with Reading if in addition to these departments a Moonly called the news of the Day we could circulate four Paes More which could All be done for i a Penny without this pernicious stamp duty we might give the cottage for one Penny a newspaper with wholesome general information which might Drency of crossing the Wabash at logans a them again subdivided and applied in Deport and continuing Down on the South Side cached portions of the numerous stale roads Timber top end downwards lasts longer j in when placed in any other position. English labourers. The select committee of the Brit parliament a on the state of the w As regards libel and slander a called before them and eat Niue re Chancellor Brougham. We have joined an extract from his evidence Bich the Reader cannot but Admire for its cute and minute information its Force and Storest. We regard the witness As a Man without a Superior in great Britain or any ther country. If it May be said of any an living that be knows everything and a i to Quot out us Ttoe him in various ways bean do everything that intellect can do a he a a the intelligence of that Man is lord Chancellor Brougham the Eek t am Quile certain that question your lordship has had this would be the effect of repealing some experience of the state of mind of the the Labouring classes of the people of England. Supposing Good matter wholesome matter put before the pc. At the same Price and no lower and no higher than bad matter blasphemy obscenity and so Forth does your lordships knowledge of the education and slate of mind of the people a Mable you to say which they would prefer answer. I have not a doubt about it. It is in vain to say that some per we learn that the Only effect produced by the recent Treasury re script has been an order from the Parent Bank of the United states to its branches to continue to use draughts on each other As usual. With specie in their vaults to an amount exceeding their issues they will not refuse to Grant every facility to the Community either in notes draughts or specie As May be chronicle. Of the River to the Mouth of the Tippecanoe and extending it thence to Lafayette Are j 1 questions involving a considerable extent of interest about which much anxiety is i Felt and which Justice and Public policy re-1 quire should be promptly settled by thele gis lature Sossou As the necessary estimates Are before them. Delay May materially af-1 feet the value of the canal lands and a Spet by determination will put an end to the suspense of those who Are desirous of Loca j Ting themselves near the line of the canal. The Board have also caused a Survey to be made of Tho Valley of White water from the Mouth of nettle Creek to Lawrence Burgh but for the reason before stated no detailed report or estimate hat been made. It is believed however by the Engineer that the work is entirely practicable the Supply of water ample that throughout the greater part of the line Good materials Are abundant and that its feasibility is beyond p question. A few Miles of the line surveyed lies within Testate of Ohio whose assent was obtained before the Survey was commenced. The duties of the Engineer and Lis assistants during the past season have been of a most arduous kind and their abilities and faithfulness have been fully tested by the commissioners. Since the adjournment of the last session the canal lands belonging to this state lying within the limits of Ohio have been accepted by that state upon the conditions proposed and the ratifications have been exchanged by the executives. The loan in Aid of the canal authorized by the last legislature the fund commissioners have not yet permanently made be-1 Lieving it Good policy to delay a while but they have obtained sufficient supplies fur the Progress of the work on Good terms. Their report will be Laid before you. The sales of the canal lands from the 25th nov 1833 to the 1st Day of nov. 1834 amounted to 67,503,90, a report of which will be made by the commissioners. As the resources of the state developed themselves and the ability of our citizens to produce a surplus increases Public sentiment becomes More decidedly in favor of such internal improvements As will facilitate the transportation of such surplus to a Market and thereby increase the rewards of Industry and enhance the general value of property. Since the beneficial policy of engaging in Public works for the advancement of the agricultural and commercial interests of the country has been so frequently and clearly demonstrated 1/ while our credit is justly such As to command any amount of capital at an interest at five per cent or less no Good reason can be assigned Why we should longer hesitate to follow the successful examples of other states. New York Pennsylvania and Ohio had at the commencement of their works which have enriched their citizens and done Honor to the sagacity and Enterprise of their that encumber our statute books without reference to any continuous line of communication Between different parts without regard to the permanent convenience or accommodation of the Public. And it would seem too often to be the Case that the great object of the find i lost sight of in efforts to distribute the Money in certain neighbourhoods or to accommodate individuals by placing Small portions in their hands for question a settled Congress will no longer Lave jurisdiction Over the subject it will then be a question of Boundary and jurisdiction Between states to be determined by the supreme court of the United states most probably after a protracted and vexatious litigation. An additional reason Why every exertion should be made be the part of this state to bring this question to a speedy settlement is that As the Mouth of the Maumee River and the termination of the Wabash and Erie canal lie within the limits claimed by Michigan it is most probable that Ohio will suspend All co per alien a the work until the controversy is settled and from the proceedings of a meeting of some of the Public officers and citizens it would seem that such a their intention. I herewith Lay before you the report of the adjutant general of the state of is disbursement. It is True that the people a Chusett to the legislature on the subject have been much benefited by the expend i of the militia and also joint Resolution Ture of this Money among them but this should Only be considered a secondary object. The Money could As Well be thrown into circulation and the same advantages accrue by applying it to the construction and improvement of a limited number of principal thoroughfares selected with a View to the general advantage. If some such plan had been adopted and pursued from the commencement of the appropriations of this fund until the present time our state would now have been intersected by a number of Well improved roads that would have contributed very essentially to the Public convenience and accommodation our dividend Lor 1834 will exhaust the remaining appropriations and i respectfully recommend that the legislature shall authorize a loan of not less than two Hundred thousand dollars at five per cent., redeemable in 15 years and to be paid by our annual receipts of the three percent. Fund which sum if industriously applied to the construction and permanent improvement of a portion of our highways would More essentially Benefit the citizens and contribute to the wealth and resources of the state than if yearly dividends were trebled and annually expended upon our present sys Tein. Were i to pass by the praiseworthy and Public spirited Enterprise of that portion of our citizens interested in the line of railway designated by the Lawrence Burgh and Indianapolis Charier i should do injustice to their laudable exertions and be remiss in my duty towards them. Since the close of the last session availing themselves of the provisions of their charter they sub scribed above one Hundred thou Suad dollars of Stock procured a Survey of the major part of the line and would have completed the location of the whole route but for the lamented death of their company will report its proceedings to the legislature which will enable you to determine the extent of its further claims upon the patronage of the state. Our citizens upon other routes have had meetings of the state of Maryland and North Carolina recommending the adoption by Congress of an uniform system that will equalize the duties and relieve the people from Burthen of the existing methods of organising the militia under state authorities. The Progress made in the erection of the state House during the past session Baa j been highly satisfactory. Thus far the mat trials used Are the Best Quality and the work is done in the most substantial is no doubt but the building will be completed by the time stipulated a the contract. Experience has already shown that it will be absolutely necessary i for the legislature to adopt some effectual measure to prevent the work from being wantonly impaired and Defeated. With the exception Ozone lot All the property be legging to the state within the Indianapolis donation has been sold but that which is reserved. The annual report of the agent will 4\iruisb you with the particulars As to the situation of the fund. From the report of the visitor the state prison continues to be managed in a manner highly satisfactory. I herewith Lay before you a communication from the superintendent proposing to surrender the prison on the ground that the Clark circuit court at its May term discharged a convict on a writ of Hareas Corpus who entered upon his second term of service and was there detained by the keeper from prison during bit first Terra of service that being the punishment imposed by the 89th Sec. Of the act relative to crime and punishment approved february 10, 1831. The Constitution of the state secures to every individual the right of a trial by a jury of his country red forbids the imposition of such penalties in the summary manner contemplated by that Section. I therefore entertain no doubt of the correctness of the decision of the court and refer the subject with the proposition of the Supeh Nteta iat to the consideration of the legislature. The Saline lands have been offered for am wholly Una Vised of their further proceedings or wishes. In pursuance of a Law of last session a commissioner has been appointed to act in conjunction with one on the part of Illinois in making surveys and improvements on with a View of taking the first Steps towards Sale except those in Monroe county the in the commencement of similar works but 1 expired lease on which it was thought would bring a better interest than the proceeds of the land and in addition to that reason it has been ascertained j that another lot of land was reserved and belongs to the Saline which was not named in the act of Congress authorizing the

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