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Colorado Springs Gazette Newspaper Archives May 16 1990, Page 3

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Colorado Springs Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1990, Colorado Springs, Colorado Wednesday May 16,1990 Gazette Telegraph a3 deep differences on arms control Divide superpowers Baker readies for talks aimed at Clearing summits horizon Points of dispute associated press Moscow a Secretary of state James a. Baker Iii backed by three dozen advisers arrived in Moscow on tuesday to try to overcome deep differences Over missile reductions that could impede Success at the Washington Summit. Soviet president Mikhail s. Gorbachev is due to see president Bush in Only two weeks and senior Baker aides said on the flight to Moscow that at least four key issues Are unresolved. Already the two sides have decided to resume negotiations in Geneva right after Baker concludes his visit saturday take a break for the May 30-june 3 Summit and then work through the summer. This plan suggests that there is Little Hope that Baker in his talks with Gorbachev and foreign minister Eduard a. Shevardnadze can Settle All the remaining issues in time for a Summit declaration. Two . Officials who spoke on condition they would not be identified said the soviets had backtracked in talks in Washington last month after considerable headway was made in february talks in Moscow. A there has been some movement to try to pick up the pieces a one of the officials said of the continuing talks in Geneva. Interviewed by lbs news Shevardnadze denied any significant a a backtracking in the talks or undue influence by the soviet military. A there is a team Effort to formulate our arms control positions and i say that at any Point there was any significant backtracking on our part. It is part of a Normal negotiating process a Shevardnadze said in the interview broadcast tuesday evening. Baker is due to see Gorbachev on Friday after talks today and thursday with Shevardnadze. Saturday morning has been set aside for further discussions with Shevardnadze. Tuesday in Washington a private arms control organization said a new .-soviet treaty to reduce Long Range nuclear weapons would do Little in its current form to alter the superpower arms race. A a close analysis reveals that the once High Hopes for a meaningful and effective Start treaty have been dashed a said the study by the natural resources defense Council. Although . And soviet leaders in the 1980s set a goal of cutting strategic nuclear forces by half the strategic arms reduction talks have exempted so Many weapons that the Overall Cut will be about 30 percent the study said. . Secretary of stat James a. Baker i left shakes hands with soviet Deputy foreign min ister Alexander Bessmer Nyoh upon hts arrival wednesday in Moscow. Washington a Here in Brief Are the main Points Al disagreement in arms control negotiations As Secretary of state James a. Baker ill begins four Days of pre Summit talks in Moscow a strategic arms reduction talks the two sides disagree on Range limits for nuclear cruise missiles deployed on aircraft and naval forces. Also the americans Are resisting a soviet demand for a legally binding limit on future deployments of sea launched cruise missiles. Other Points of dispute include limits on Mobile land based intercontinental ballistic missiles and anti cheating measures. A chemical weapons the soviets Are resisting a . Plan to retain about 500 tons of Poison Gas or about 2 percent of its stockpile after signing a global ban on the weapons. As a precursor to such a ban the superpowers Are negotiating a bilateral Deal to rapidly reduce their stockpiles to 5,000 tons but the two sides have disagreed Over a timetable for carrying out the weapons destruction. A conventional forces in Europe the two main obstacles Are defining limits on aircraft and personnel. Work also remains on four other weapon categories tanks armoured combat vehicles artillery and helicopters. Anti cheating provisions Are in an Early stage of discussion and the virtual dissolution of the Warsaw pact has opened new debate about How the treaty would be applied to individual nations. A open skies these nato Warsaw pact negotiations to allow unarmed aircraft of each Alliance to Fly Over the territory of the other Are snagged on quotas for such flights and what types of sensors would be allowed on the aircraft. The purpose of the flights would be to reduce suspicions about threatening troop movements. A nuclear testing talks highly technical and relatively minor disagreements remain and settlement is expected in time for signing at the .-soviet Summit that begins May 30. The is to set verification measures for two existing but in ratified treaties that set limits on the yield of nuclear tests. Showman Gorbachev takes charge of itinerary plans extra Day in . Summit schedule news services Washington a the White House disclosed a Public schedule tuesday for president Mikhail s. Gorbachev a visit to the United states that made it Clear the soviet Leader has seized control i of his itinerary in a manner befitting the master showman of International politics. As . Officials tossed aside their protocol i books in frustration Gorbachev announced at the last minute that he wanted to spend an extra i Day in the United states after the Summit which runs from May 30 until june 3. Gorbachev said he did not want to go to the presidents vacation Home in Kennebunkport Maine or spend the weekend at Camp David md., As Bush had instead Gorbachev said he would rather talk about technology in Minnesota with a democratic governor eat breakfast in California with it former president Ronald Reagan and visit Stan Ford University in Palo Alto Calif. The University is the Home of the Hoover institution on War revolution and peace which has the worlds largest collection of material on the <1917 russian revolution which brought the i communists to Power. The additional itinerary was offered to the United states Only a week ago. Monday Stanford University officials said the White House suggested that they might want to invite Gorbachev to visit. A few hours later they were told that he had a accepted their tuesday the White House indicated a scheduling shuffle of its own. Raisa Gorbachev has been invited to accompany Barbara Bush to Wellesley College commencement exercises june i said Deputy White House press Secretary Alixe Glen. Wellesley a speaking invitation to the presidents wife provoked a National dialogue about the meaning of feminism after a group of graduates objected to her As a speaker. Adding another Day to the Gorbachev so stay in the United states presented not Only new protocol problems but also the daunting task of providing Security for their travels. Then there was the question of who would pay. After top level discussion that included the president Secretary of state James a. Baker Iii and Brent scowcroft the presidents National Security adviser a formula was struck As soon As he takes off from Andrews air Force base on sunday june 3, Gorbachev becomes a tourist. The United states will pay for Protection but All other expenses Are on the soviet Union. Washington a Hare is the preliminary schedule for the May 30-june 3 Bush Gorbachev Summit a released by the White House on tuesday. A times Are Edt. Wednesday May 30 6 30 . Gorbachev arrives. Thursday May 31 10 . Arrival ceremony South Lawn of White House. 10 30 .-noon first Bush Gorbachev meeting White House. Barbara Bush and Raisa Gorbachev meet in White House residence. Noon-4 . Private time for Gorbachev. 4-6 30 . Second Bush Gorbachev coating the White House. 7 . State dinner Ore White House. Friday Juno i. 11 .-1 . Third Bush Gorbachev meeting the White House. 1-6 . Private time for Gorbachev. I 6-6 . Fourth Bush Gorbachev meeting tilt White House. 6 . Signing ceremony the White House. 7 30 . The Gorbachev Host dinner for the Bushes soviet embassy. Saturday june 2 9 30 . Bush and Gorbachev leave by helicopter from White House Lawn for Camp David my. To . Arrive Camp David. Late afternoon Gorbachev leaves for Washington. Bush departure Uncertain he May spend the night at Camp David. Sunday Juno 3 10 . Bush Gorbachev news conference. East room the White House. 11 . Departure ceremony for Gorbachev the White House. Noon Gorbachev leaves for Minneapolis. He flies later in the Day to san Francisco. Monday Juno 4 Gorbachev returns to the soviet Union. Tension escalates in Latvia Estonia new York times news service Riga Latvia a crowds of anti Independence protesters stormed the parliament buildings in Latvia and neighbouring Estonia on tuesday in the largest display of physical Force since the Baltic republics began their formal withdrawal from the soviet Union. In Riga the latvian capital several thousand protesters including More than too uniformed officers of the soviet army As Well As cadets in Plain clothes tried to Force their Way into the legislative building to demand the repeal of the Baltic republics declaration of Independence issued May 4. A special police unit using Shields and riot Sticks broke into the predominantly russian crowd As it surged Forward chanting a soviet Union a and waving the red Hammer and sickle Flag of soviet Latvia. In Estonia officials said a crowd of several Hundred demonstrators broke off at the end of a rally opposing Independence and tried to Force its Way into parliament where legislators were just completing the Days session. Foreign minister Lennart Meri said thousands of estonian citizens came to defend the building after the Premier Edgar Savisaar went on the local radio station and broadcast a warning that an attempt was under Way to overthrow the government. The protesters dispersed As the crowd of estonians grew and no injuries were reported. The incidents coincided with the arrival in Moscow of Secretary of state James a. Baker 111, whose talks this week with foreign minister Eduard a. Shevardnadze will inevitably be clouded by the tension in the Baltic regions. Officials in both republics said the protesters justified their actions by citing a decree issued monday by president 4 Mikhail s. Gorbachev saying that the estonian and latvian moves toward Independence violated the soviet a Constitution. The rallies in the two republics were organized by Allied anti Independence groups made up predominantly of factory workers who Are of russian not Baltic heritage. Such groups operate with the encouragement of Industrial managers in the Large enterprises that answer directly to soviet ministries in Moscow and have support from Loyal communist party functionaries. But there was no evidence that their moves against the parliaments had Kremlin Sanction. Academy from Al there a Cole said. A that has helped us get the games off the but some event sponsors Are disappointed by the policy. Tom Falgien principal at St. Mary a High school is an organizer of an annual High school basketball tournament that has been played at the Academy for eight years he said. Competing teams Are primarily from Small Rural High schools. A it has Given those kids a Chance to come in and see the Academy and see Colorado Springs a Falgien said. A they bring their whole towns. It will be a shame to deny them the Opportunity to do that. A we have always paid a pretty reasonable fee for the three Day usage. We Are willing to continue to do Robert Scott director of the greater Colorado Springs economic development Council said the Academy a decision a is just one More of the issues we have to Deal with in this declining defense budget the loss of Large annual events staged at the Academy could Cut into the earnings of hotels restaurants and tourist attractions he said a we hate to see those things but ifs understandable a he said. A the acad Emy has been a great neighbor and we have had some terrific benefits a space Nasa offers to Rescue satellite stuck in useless orbit new services Cape canaveral Fla. A Nasa said tuesday it will Send up a shuttle to Rescue a communications satellite left stranded in a uselessly Low orbit provided the satellites owner pays for the $ 100-million-plus Mission. A it looks doable. It basically comes Down to a decision on How they feel about the costs is. The risks a said William d. Green a Nasa payload manager. Intelsat a not for profit consortium of 119 countries that operates a global communications satellite system will decide whether to accept nasal a offer at its Board of governors meeting in Barbados next month. The uninsured $167 million satellite ended up some 22,000 Miles lower than intended after failing to separate properly from the second stage of a Titan 3 Booster on March 14. Martin Marietta corp., which conducted the $272 million launch blamed the failure on a rocket engineering design error. Intelsat engineers managed to separate the Intelsat i satellite via computer commands then boosted it to its present position 346 Miles High. The satellite can remain there for several years said Intelsat spokesman Tony Trujillo. The 6-ton satellite was to have eventually replaced two older Intelsat satellites Over the Atlantic. During its 13-year lifetime it would have transmitted three to channels and up to 120,000 Telephone Calls simultaneously. Faulty valve removed a faulty Cooling valve that forced a delay in the launch of space shuttle Columbia at Cape canaveral Fla., was removed tuesday and found to have a Tom filter. Nasa was expected to schedule a new launch Date Early next week. The problem prompted the space Agency last week to delay columbian a launch with a $100 million Observatory to the end of May or the beginning of june. The bad valve was sent to a nearby Rockwell International service Center for analysis. Rockwell built Columbia and the other shuttles. Hubble trouble cleared up after three weeks of trying to steady a wiggling spacecraft and fix its sights on the heavens ground controllers said tuesday in Maryland that the Hubble space Telescope was responding reliably to commands and for the first time was focusing on guide stars. This apparently clears the Way for the Telescope to take its first picture sunday. Officials of the space Agency said the most recent alignment and focusing tests were the most successful and encouraging since the $1.6 billion spacecraft was released in orbit by a space shuttle on april 26. A we have begun to focus the Telescope a announced Michael m. Barring ton the testing chief in a Telephone briefing from the Goddard space flight Center in Greenbelt my. A it was a very satisfying in he t 8 to it a a Jap. Those closest to Lockerbie tragedy Hope report spurs action relatives disagree Over military strikes at terrorists news services eight year old Elizabeth Marengo lit a Candle tuesday for her father. A just for Hope a said the girl one of about 200 relatives of victims of the pail am 103 bombing who gathered in Washington to hear a presidential commission report on the bombing. The relatives met with the president and received folded american flags along with offi Cial answers they had Long sought about the deaths of 270 people on dec. 21,1988. A my fear is that president Bush will put this in a drawer and forget about it a said Susan Cohen who lost her Only daughter 20-year-old Theodora. The relatives said the report released tuesday by the presidents commission on aviation Security and terrorism bore out their worst fears about what had happened. Chairperson Ann Mclaughlin said the commission concluded that a terrorists were Able to place a bomb on pan am 103 not because some one thing had failed but because the aviation Security system failed. The system was flawed and did not provide an effective defense against sabotage a i think the american Public particularly the american traveler should be outraged Quot at the commission s findings said Vic Toria Cummock of Coral babies Fla., whose husband John died in the explosion. Some praised portions of the report calling for warnings to passengers of a a credible threats against hights and Many expressed satisfaction at the Call for preparations for retaliation against terrorists. But in London a Man whose daughter died in the bombing spoke out against military retaliation for such attacks and said economic and political sanctions should be tried first. Or. Jim swire whose 24 year old daughter killed when flight Flora was it 103 blew up said a a we be always been against the idea of military action in response to Lasc Kurbie Scotland because we did no to feel that we wanted families in the Middle East to be put in the same position As we re in a that s to say losing those they loved through murder whether it s arts taped on a military basis or he is the head of an organza lion representing families of British victims of the bombing Over Lockerbie

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