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Colorado Springs Gazette Newspaper Archives May 14 1990, Page 3

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Colorado Springs Gazette (Newspaper) - May 14, 1990, Colorado Springs, Colorado Monday May 14 ,1 Bjk . Philippines Fate of bases to be decided opposition to . Presence grows analysis by Robert new York times news service Washington a . And philippine officials say the United states May have to relinquish at least one of its two huge military bases in the Philippines during the next to years because of rising opposition to the installations in the former . Colony. The officials made that assessment As negotiators from the two countries prepared to meet today in Manila to begin exploratory talks on the future of Clark air base Subic Bay naval station and four smaller installations. A state department spokeswoman said the base talks would go Forward on schedule despite sundays slayings of two . Servicemen near Clark air base. Communist rebels were suspected of being responsible for the fatal shootings. The state department spokeswoman noted that the rebels had for years said they would a target official americans a As part of an Effort to persuade the United states to close its bases. The current 25-year bases agreement expires sept. 16, 1991. While the defense department would prefer to keep the bases Pentagon state Baker . Should stay Only of bases Are wanted there. Department and White House officials say . Forces will leave if filipinos want them to go. A we ought to be there Only As Long As we re wanted a said Secretary of state James a. Baker Iii. The emerging consensus among philippine officials seems to favor such withdrawal. The debate focuses on the duration of the shift to philippine control with proposals ranging from two to to years and the terms under which the americans would withdraw. Philippine nationalists see the bases As an infringement on their country a sovereignty. They contend that Manila was forced to sign the original bases agreement after world War ii because the americans threatened to withhold Aid for rebuilding the country. Any new treaty is subject to approval by the philippine Senate where at least 15 of the 23 members Are on record As opposing renewal. In some cases though the degree of opposition is Uncertain. The government of president Corazon Aquino seeks a Compromise that will satisfy both nationalist sentiments and More pragmatic economic needs. The philippine ambassador in Washington Emmanuel Pelaez suggests that use of the bases might be governed by a commercial contract rather than a treaty. The United states would pay for services rendered a private worker owned the Aquino government is a hostage of the Polh pinot educator Renato Constantino company would repair ships at Subic Bay and there would be much More use of the bases by the philippine armed forces. In the current fiscal year the United states is providing $513 million in Aid to the Philippines but Only $385 million is regarded As compensation for the bases. Through purchases of goods and services the bases generate jobs for 500,000 filipinos and inject More than $ i billion a year into the philippine Economy accounting for at least 3 percent of the Gross National product . Officials say. The . Negotiating team is being be led by Richard l. Armitage a self confident former defense department official who has handled Many delicate missions. The United states has a major advantage in the negotiations because it saved Aquino a government in december when . Warplanes helped suppress a coup attempt by philippine soldiers. A the Aquino government is a hostage of the bases a said Renato Constantino a professor of history at the University of the Philippines. Without decisive . Support which hinges on retention of the bases a it cannot Hope to survive a he said. Associated press Richard l. Armitage former . Assistant Secretary for International Security affairs Waves at newsmen following his arrival sunday in Manila Philippines for a exploratory talks on the future of . Military bases there. Armitage who arrived under heavy Security is the chief negotiator for the talks for the United states. Prostitution near bases a fact Only the cause is in doubt . Military presence associated press Olon Gapo Philippines a Gina 14, dances in a skimpy Bikini and Waits at a bar for a . Sailor to pick her up. She is among an estimated 16,000 people a More than to percent of Olon Gapo s 156,000 population a who Are part time or full time prostitutes working near Subic Bay a huge . Naval base. About 5,000 women work in clubs in Angeles City near Clark air base the other major . Garrison town. Two . Servicemen were shot to death in Angeles City Early sunday. Social workers claim prostitution drug use and general moral degradation Are encouraged by the presence of the bases and their thousands of free spending americans. A was Long As you have these military Camps it will always be accompanied by prostitution a said Adul de Leon chairwoman of the commission on violence against women. . Officials acknowledge that prostitution flourishes near the bases but do not accept the blame. It. Cmdr. Kevin Mukri spokesman for Subic said poverty drives women into prostitution. Gina said Quot if i were made to choose i done to want the bases to close because that is our source of livelihood. It is Well and Good if the government can give us work so that we done to have to sell our flesh to those hungry americans coming a study by the private prevention and rehabilitation of drug abusers in 1982 said 78 percent of male High school students in Angeles City used illegal drugs provided by americans. Evidence of prostitution can be seen in the number of amerasian children in Olon Gapo. One amerasian baby is born every Day in Garrison towns the government foreign service Institute reported. It did not say How Many of them Are bom to legally married american filipino couples. Hare Ara Brief descriptions of the six . Military installations in the Philippines a Clark air base a it is 50 Miles North of Manila and has been used by american forces since 1901, originally As a cavalry Post. Clark is Headquarters for the 13th . Air Force the tactical Arm of the air Force in the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean. Pilots from the United states and Allied nations train there and the base is a major transit Point for the . Military a transport command. A Subic Bay naval station a it is 50 Miles West of Manila and the Navy s main Supply and repair Center in the Western Pacific. Marines train in Jungle tactics in Subic s forested Hills and surveillance planes from its cub Point naval air station Monitor sea lanes. In Wallace air station a it is on the Western coast of Luzon about 150 Miles North of Manila. Wallace provides air defense and radar monitoring for the Philippines. A san Miguel naval communications station a about 60 mites Northwest of Manila san Miguel is a major relay station for the . Navy a Pacific communications system. A Camp of Donnell a about to Miles North of Clark the Camp serves As an air Force communications and electronic warfare station. In 1942, the japanese used it to hold survivors of the Bataan death March. A Camp John Hay a it is in Baguio a Mountain resort 130 Miles North of Manila and serves As a rest and recreation Center for . Forces in the Philippines. Cutbacks attrition transfers will reduce staffs from Al listed jobs. The air Force space command reductions Are planned As part of an air Force wide streamlining of Headquarters staffs. The space command has sent its suggestions to the Pentagon for review. The other 12 major commands in the air Force Are making similar studies. Giese said the Headquarters cuts will be based on the size of the operational forces and suggestions in the recent defense management review. Some of the commands will lose More people than others he said. The space command has 1,060 people in its Headquarters at Peterson air Force base. Of those 458 Are military officers 244 Are enlisted personnel and 358 Are civilians. The cuts will affect All categories. Officials refused to release estimates of How Many jobs will be eliminated but they denied widespread rumours that Between 500 and 1,000 positions would be dropped. While the civilian hiring freeze has created some vacancies on the space command staff the Headquarters is still getting new military workers said Dei Kindschi a command spokesman. A military personnel pipeline Hasni to been shut off a he said. Quot we still have people coming wast German labor minister Norbort Bittern right walks hand in hand with hit wife Marita on a Way to a Bonn polling station. To is a member of Chancellor Helmut Kohls party which suffered losses in two wast German state elections sunday. Draft copy of Germany so unification treaty set for Microscope today some issues saved for later debate new York times news service Bonn West Germany a East and West German economic experts set the stage Over the weekend for their political leaders to negotiate a treaty that would merge the two countries monetary economic and social policies by Midsummer. The political negotiations Are to begin today in Bonn when officials take up approval of a so called state treaty on unification. The draft of the treaty approved by the economic experts late saturday night is the first critical step toward German unification. The experts reached a final draft after a Marathon negotiating session in Bonn. The session ended after some of the most Complex issues were separated from the draft treaty. Those issues including the issues of private property and of How to pay for the restructuring of East Germany a agricultural and Industrial sectors Are to be taken up in separate negotiations expected to be concluded by july 2. Several of the main features of the state treaty have been known for some time. East Germany will agree to adopt West German monetary economic and tax policies and shift from a centrally planned Economy to a Market oriented system. East German Marks will be exchanged for West German Marks at a rate of i to i for wages pensions and savings of up to 4,000 Marks and at a 2-to-l rate for any additional savings. At the current rate of about 60 cents to the West German Mark 4,000 Marks is about $2,400. The East and West German finance ministers will meet today to discuss How the arrangements agreed on under the draft of the state treaty will be financed. Cabinet approval of the treaty is expected by the end of the week and both German parliaments could make it Law by mid june East and West German officials said. But Chancellor Helmut Kohls policy of moving rapidly toward unification could be slowed by the losses that his Christian democratic Union suffered in two West German state elections sunday and by growing pressure for All German elections by Early next year. Kohl said his party suffered a a painful defeat sunday in elections in lower Saxony a it had several reasons a Kohl said in a television interview. A one is the uncertainty what will German Unity Cost a but Kohl said the interpretation that he had forced the Speed of German unification was wrong. A the Tempo was set by the historic developments Quot he said. The Christian democrats also lost in state elections in North Rhine Westphalia West Germany a most populous state. The defeat in lower Saxony could delay Kohls Agenda for unification. Winning control of the lower Saxony government virtually assures the social democrats of a narrow majority in the Federal Council since representatives to the Council Are appointed by state governments. Briefing czech Leader Calls for end of arms buildup in his first Public address in the United states Alexander do Beek the Leader of Czechoslovakia a National Assembly said sunday that the a wide and profound changes taking place in his co in try can succeed Only if the United states and the soviet Union achieve Success in further negotiations to curtail arms buildups. In a spirited address before 5,200 people at american University a commencement in Washington do Beek speaking through an interpreter said a your dreams of our role in Europe Are contingent on the ending of the cold do Beek the communist who led Czechoslovakia a liberalization movement of 1968 Only to be ousted by soviet troops said the movement 22 years ago was a the source of ideas that resulted in recent changes in Eastern Europe. A your transition to democracy should be smooth gradual cultured civilized in every sense of the word. Our attempts to humanize should be the moral Compass for us All a he said. Solidarity Leader ready to fight for Changa Solidarity Leader Lech Walesa said sunday in Warsaw Poland that he was ready to do Battle with former allies in the non communist government accusing them of being slow in carrying out economic and political reforms. Addressing the National citizens committee Solidarity a political Wing Walesa said a fight was needed to stir up ideas so the government does not become too isolated from the people. He said he had refrained from directly challenging the gov eminent led by prime minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki since it took office last fall a because i was convinced that everything would go on All a today i return from this leave because i want to have a War. A War that gives peace to the society at the Bottom a hungarian Leader foresee bitter debates Ammon Ous political debate will be the Price of hard won Freedom in Eastern Europe Hungary s interim president told a commencement audience sunday in Indianapolis. Hungary like other nations emerging from under communism must forge ties with its neighbors while maintaining Good relations with the soviet Union As Well author turned Politi Cian Arpad Grencz said in his address at the Butler University graduation. Grencz 68, was chosen Hungary a interim president May 2 in the country s first free elections in at least four decades. He will meet with president Bush and Congress before returning to Hungary. He indicated economic Aid for Hungary will dominate his discussion with Bush. Gazette Telegraph news services

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