Page 4 of 25 Dec 1880 Issue of Colonies And India in London, Middlesex

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Colonies And India (Newspaper) - December 25, 1880, London, Middlesex The colonies and India. December 25, 1880. At Windsor having expired. The new Tariff of fees imposed by the Quebec commissioner of grown lands had caused great discontent among the lumbermen in upper Ottawa who stated that their effect would be to place their Trade within the Quebec limits at a great disadvantage in comparison with those of other provinces. A mass meeting was to be held to decide on the course of action to be adopted to obtain to Weir reduction. They Are stated to be largely in excess of those enforced in Ontario. The Harbour improvements at Owen sound had been determined upon and a contract let for them amounting to 30,000 dollars. The Irish colonisation scheme was being actively discussed in the capital and in All the chief cities of the Dominion but no defined plan had As yet been adopted. The name of or. John Costigan m.p., was prominently associated with the movement and he was carrying on correspondence on the subject in the. Hope of submitting it to parliament before the present session closes. It was stated that the present land act prevented an Irish settlement being formed in the newly opened North West territories owing to the reserves accorded to the railway. While the Quebec conservative party were still advocating dissolution such a step was strongly opposed by numbers of the same party in Ontario and in the maritime provinces. Indeed it was expected according to the latest intelligence that instead of the present parliamentary session being a Short one it would prove to be one of the longest on record. Among the applications to be made to parliament most recently registered is one for the incorporation of the South Eastern railway company with Power to build and operate a line of railway from Winnipeg southeasterly to some Point on or near the South West Shore of the Lake of the Woods and with Power to build and navigate steam and other Craft upon that Lake Ancl its tributaries. The Revenue to november 30 had been #12,025,369, against ,#8,665,210 in 1870. The expenditure to the same Date had been #9,114,679, against #9,242,690 in 1879. The imports for Home consumption during october had been #7,145,969, against #6,286,502 in 1879. Increase had taken place in every important Branch of import. The exports for october had been #13,463,742, against #12,311,880 in 1879. The Engineer to the Toronto and Ottawa railway was surveying in the neighbourhood of the capital to determine the Best locality for the City dep6t. He had found easy approaches to the chaudiere railway Bridge and an excellent site for crossing the Oto Abee River at Peterboro had been obtained. The opening of the chaudiere railway Bridge had been postponed for a few Days. Sir John Macdonald was again seriously ill and both sir Leonard Tilley and sir Charles Tupper had been refused permission to see him. His disease is stated to be of a Complex character the heart being strongly affected and his physicians recommend Complete rest. Conservatives viewed with alarm the precarious condition of sir John s health which has of late greatly failed. The Souris Coal and fuel company had been granted letters of incorporation. The total Dominion circulation on november 30 amounted to #14,854,088, As against #13,805,977 in july last. To redeem this sum the government held #3,757,510 in specie #2,920,000 in guaranteed Sterling debentures and #11,250,000 in a guaranteed debentures. The Canadian Consul of the brazilian government was taking Active Steps to establish a Trade line of steamers. Montreal is to be the Canadian terminal Point while navigation is open and Halifax the Winter port for the present. When the new railway is constructed to St. Johns that Point will be used alternately in Winter so saving 400 Miles. St. Thomas in the West indies and Pernambuco in Brazil will be ports of Call with Rio de Janeiro As the Southern terminal port. Or. Sweetland had been appointed Tho new sheriff of Ottawa. Captain Holbeck aide de Camp to general Luard was to leave for England in january. In spite of the roman Catholic Bishop s threats the attendance of children of that religion at the provincial Model school the fresh Terra of which had opened had not fallen Oil. The proposed revised Boundary line of the province of Manitoba is to run from the International Boundary northwards so As to include fort Ellice and All intervening territory. Negotiations had been opened with the Hudson s Bay company for the Purchase of a site and water Power at the Eastern outlet of the Lake of the Woods for the erection of a Large grist Mill where the wheat grown in the Minneapolis District of the North West territory the most extensive Point of Supply will be ground. The development of the territory round that Lake was proceeding very rapidly but there is Little Fertile land to be found there and the District will depend upon manufacturing and mining industries abundance of economic material existing there. Gold Silver and Copper have been found in Large quantities and soap Stone of considerable commercial value is abundant. Red White and Jack Pine Cedar and Tamarisk also grow there. The railway works in North Western Ontario were proceeding with great rapidity but the approach of Winter would necessitate the discharge of Large numbers of men. Great inconvenience was Felt by settlers on account of the non settlement of the Ontario Boundary question. There was no court " where a Man can sue or be sued or where he can collect a debt or obtain restitution for losses throughout the North West territories the season had been an unusually wet one and heavy floods had resulted Between Winnipeg and Minneapolis a great Deal of the wheat being under water and Long stretches of country converted into lakes. A meeting of the committee of the Trent Valley anal had been held at Peterboro when resolutions were passed to Call upon government in View of the prosperous condition of the Dominion s finances to press on that work to a conclusion in accordance with promises made by sir Samuel Tilley and sir Charles Tupper. A Deposit of Actinolite had been discovered near Bridgewater in Belleville Aud was being utilised As a lining for Iron furnaces. The first grand Junction train had run through to Peterboro. Seven men had in three months taken out three Hundred ounces of Gold from the fifteen mile Stream District. An action to recover 50,000 dollars As damages on account of the recent St. Lin disaster was to be entered against the Quebec government. A Survey had been commenced for a railway Between Montreal and the Rome and Watertown railway which the new line would meet at Potsdam Junction. Seventy live per cent of the horses in the Ottawa District were reported to be affected by the epizootic disease and Many of them had died for want of proper treatment. It was feared that these i cases would seriously affect the lumber Trade. Bonuses of 10,000 and 3,500 dollars had been granted at Shelburne to the Toronto Grey and Bruce railway. A heavy snowstorm had raged at Winnipeg. Diphtheria was committing severe ravages in Kenansville the Bishop of Toronto is to hold a conference during the first week in january. A meeting of the exhibition committee had been held in that City to discuss the possibility of bringing to Toronto the exhibits of the Melbourne International exhibition. It was found however proper space could not be afforded. New parliament buildings there had been decided upon but a site had not been selected. The Toronto Hospital authorities were about to establish a scheme for training nurses the want of skilled persons being greatly Felt. Their instruction would be undertaken by a lady graduate of one of the first schools in England. British arrival of the flying Squadron with the Royal 1 Princess on Board was looked Forward to with pleasurable anticipation. The papers said the Marquis of lome and Princess Louise intended to join the Squadron at san Francisco on its reaching there in june next and will accompany it to Esquimalt when the Marquis will remain for some time in the province and visit the principal objects of interest. Burglaries were again dangerously common and a gang of desperadoes were said to elude the vigilance of the police which t 882 kept the colonists in a state of perpetual terror. A Bazaar had been held at Victoria for the Benefit of the St. Ann s Convent. It resulted in a considerable contribution to the funds of that admirable institution. A new Catholic Church had been opened at Yale. A Box of pinks Aud roses freshly gathered had been sent As a present to Ottowa in Canada where at the time a violent snowstorm was raging. This evidenced the variety of climate to be found within the limits of the Dominion. Vessels returning to Nanaimo had reported very bad weather in the Gulf and recent telegrams received state that numerous wrecks had occurred All along its coasts. An inspection of militia corps had taken place at new Westminster by the adjutant general who spoke in High terms of the efficiency of the Force. The minister of St. Paul s episcopal Church at Nanaimo had a Scon Deded to san Francisco leaving numerous debts unpaid behind him. Twelve single seed potatoes on my. Pearce s farm had yielded 190 lbs. Of flour Ball potatoes. West indies. British Guiana for the first week of the fortnight1 Between the departure of the mails the weather had been everything that could be desired for reaping purposes and the planters on All the estates made Good Progress with the harvesting of their crops. During the second week however rain had fallen in torrents on some of the estates on the Eastern coast As much As ten inches had fallen. This completely checked operations and when the mail left dry weather was anxiously looked Forward to. Although in the Case of the older growths these Rains were unwelcome they were doubtless doing much Good to the younger canes but this did not counterbalance the loss certain to occur by the delay in harvesting. If sunny genial weather did not succeed a recurrence of the cold wet season which did so much damage last year was feared. Already Short yields of juice had resulted and some of the highest cultivated estates had Only yielded an Hogshead to the acre. The local markets were very Slack and sugar fetched Low prices but rum had considerably revived and there was a Good demand for it at remunerative rates. There had been no meeting of the legislative Council during the fortnight. The town superintendent of Georgetown had reported several fresh discrepancies Between the ironwork for the new markets As supplied by the contractor and the provisions of the specification but wrote that he believed there was sufficient strength to ensure stability and that no delay need take place in the erection of the Structure. In fact taken All round although some of the Iron was below the weight specified on the whole the municipality would gain about 20,000 lbs. Weight. the meeting of the legislative Council the Nickel coinage Bill was read a third time and passed. Or. Michael Solomon was sworn in a member of the Council. The railway Extension loan Bill sanctioning the increase of the loan from 350,000/. To 400,000/., was read a . The increase would provide for the building of a railway Quay in Kingston Harbour. The Kingston Street reconstruction Bill was read a and the House went into committee on the estimates for the year. The motion for a commission to enquire into the effects of the recent Cyclone was negatived by the casting vote of the president sir Anthony Musgrave contending that full information could be got without the formality of an enquiry commission. A Bill to raise a loan for the redemption of Island debentures was read a first time. The Spanish town Market had been formally opened by the governor. The induction of the new Bishop had taken place. showers of rain had been continuous during the past fortnight but gusts of wind had much Laid the canes. The temperature had been Low and colds and coughs were prevalent. The colonial Secretary had introduced a measure to extend the executive Council. This was in response to a numerous by signed address on the subject. The pollards Plantation had sold at the appraised Price of 7,876/. 16s. By the master in chancery. The lieutenant governor had returned from a visit to the neighbouring islands of his command in . Penedos. Or. Ii. N. Springer who had been associated with All leading Public affairs in the Colony for nearly fifty years had died at the age of seventy nine. report of the Wesleyan Mission for the past year had been published. That Mission has been established in the Colony for 60 years and during that Long period has done an immense Deal of Good and useful work in the training of the Young and in the Extension of christianity among the natives. The receipts from local subscriptions during the year had been 40,652 rs., a most satisfactory amount considering the great depression which existed throughout All branches of Trade in the Colony. There is still a Large debt reported As existing on the Extension fund and the increase of work of course necessitates considerable additional expenses in churches schools missionaries houses a. There has been created a very Large native pastorate through which Agency the Mission has been Able to reach May quarters not easily worked by their european ministers. Notification had been made that for the future candidates entering the Public service in any capacity before the age of sixteen would not be permitted to count any service prior to their attaining that age towards pension. The Export of Copperas dried Cocoa nut to Marseilles had received great stimulus of late. The Competition caused by the introduction of Mineral oils for lighting purposes has caused great diminution in the demand for Cocoa nut Oil and the prices ruling in the european Market for this article have therefore of late been very considerably a reduced but it has now become largely used in the manufacture of soaps especially on the continent and for this purpose the nut in its dried form is More suitable than Oil. This demand is therefore Likely to again resuscitate the Trade and the expense of expressing and preparing the Oil will be saved to the colonists. A movement strongly indicative of social Progress had been started among the natives a Village improvement society having been formed by some of the leading singhalese. It has Abr its object the encouragement of agriculture the promotion of elementary education the inciting of the people to the improvement of roads a. Instruction in carpentry and other useful arts is to be provided by it and inducements will be held out to encourage deposits in the savings Bank. The Bishop had been paying a visit to the bad Degama District in which he was received with every demonstration of Welcome by the inhabitants. This was said to be the first occasion of the Bishop visiting stations occupied by the agents of the Church missionary society and we believe that it happily indicates a final termination to the unfortunate disagreements which had so Long existed and of the continuance of which the local press has not of late Given any sign. Rear Admiral Gore Jones and suite had been paying a visit to Kandy and on his return was to leave immediately in the Eury alus for Bombay. An " at Home " was to be Given at government House in his honour prior to his departure. Meetings of the planters association of Ceylon and of that specially belonging to the Dikova District had been held when current matters of legislative interest were discussed More especially the medical Aid ordinance which As proposed does not Accord with the views and wishes of those representative bodies. The exhibits of the Colony at the Melbourne exhibition had been awarded thirteen medals. Cape . A. C. Burnet the government emigration agent for the Cape has during the year 1880 sent out to different settlements in the Colony eighty six families and sixty five single men All agriculturists with a Litty capital amounting in the aggregate to 10,000/

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