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Clearfield Progress (Newspaper) - April 21, 1966, Clearfield, Pennsylvania TODAY TOMORROW BY OEORGE A.SCOTT, EDITOR OF THE PROGRESS Yesterday, Progress Editor George A. Scott outlined an assignment which I gave him in January. In case you missed Mr. Scott's memorandum, he was asked to develop a series of resiearch articles fo be entitled "Clearfield Area - Today and Tomorrow." The first series deals with Education, a field of such intense interest to all of us today. We recommend today's oHicle and those to follow as "required reading" covering a subject on which you, as citizens, should be as fully informed as possible. The articles are informally but thoroughly prepared. We welcome your comments.-W. K. Ulerich, Publisher, April 21, 1966. Education in Focus A Look at History Few facets of modern day life influence every citizen more than does Education. Taxpayers, parents, those who hire the school groduates, those working for community cr area development and betterment, business firms which build or supply goods and services to schools, and, of course, the future citizens - the school pupils themselves - all have a stake in the Educational System and its operation. And in this day of rapid change, few phases of our lives have undergone more changes since World War II than our Educational System. Moreover, these changes are continuing at an accelerated pace as our Educational System strives fo keep pace or catch up with fodoy's sociological and technological revolutions and their component demand for more and broader education for all. A Sleeping Giant Obviously there were what probably seemed to be radical changes in the Educational System prior to the post-World War II school year of 1946-47, but until that time Education was somewhat of a sleeping giant, its potential for the benefit of the nation and its citizens largely undeveloped. Blame it on the Roaring Twenties when the stale and nation was adjusting to the after effects of World War I, the Depression Thirties when there were few public dollars to be spent for education, and the first half of the Forties when winning Worid War II took precedent, the fact remains thot it was not until 1946 - twenty years ago - that the Educational System began to move from the horse and buggy into the automobile and today's jet age. This is not meant to disparage the education we received or provided our children prior to the mid-forties. It was basically good and there are many of the older citizens of today who will defend it in a comparison with today's education. The chief criticism of pre-World War II education might well be that it was not broad enough, not forward looking enough and, in the light of today's schools, not universal enough in reaching every child. And, it also should be noted that the Educational System of today ond the past 20 years is subject to valid criticism on certain counts. Milestone of 1834 To bring today's educational programs into perspective, some historical background of education, particularly in Pennsylvania and our Clearfield County-Mo-shannon Valley Area is necessary. The State's Constitution of 1790 gave the General Assambly power to establish schools in the state "in such manner that the poor shall be taught gratis" and to establish seminaries of learning which should promote the arts and sciences, but there was no requirement that education should be universal nor provision for tax-supported schools. The Free School Bill passed by the General Assembly in 1834 was a milestone in Pennsylvania education, for it provided for the formation of school districts in every county, establishment of schools in each district and gave electee! school directors the power to levy a tax for financing the schools. Two schools, the Clearfield Academy opened in 1830 and the Curwensville Academy established in 1833, were set up under the 1790 constitution and were required to accept a few free pupils for a limited time. By 1837, nearly all the townships then existing in Clearfield County had opened public schools under the 1834 law. Clearfielder Led Fight It is interesting to note that a Clearfielder, Governor William Bigler, was a leader in strengthening Pennsylvania's educational system in the 1850s. Governor Bigler took office January 20, 1852, at a time when efforts were under way to weaken or abolish free education. At his .urging, however, the Legislature created the office of County Superintendent of Schools in each county in 18'54 and moves were made toward strengthening other areas of the state's public education system. The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1874 states unde^ Article X that "The Ge.neral Assembly shall provide for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of public schools, wherein all the children of this Commonwealth above the age of six years moy be educated, and shall appropriate at least one million dollars each year for that purpose." Consolidation Not New Compulsory education came into effect in 1897, free textbooks were furnished by the districts before the turn of this century. Development of the high school program, some but not too much emphasis on vocational education, increased emphasis on certification and professionalizing of the teachers and increased state financial aid to school districts were some of the advances made during the pre-World War II years of this century. Consolidation of schools and at the same time elimination of one room buildings, a move that has new importance this year with the July 1, 1966 effective date of the School Reorganization Act of 1963, was started when the Legislature provided $200 annually for each school building a district closed, retroactive to 1911. By this year, some 348 buildings have been closed in Clearfield County alone. So much for the historical background of the pre-1940s and World Wor II educational development. Just as the postwar years since 1946 have brought tremendous changes - sociological, technological, new nations around the world, plus man in space - so has the Educational System experienced o tremendous explosion of new ideas, methods, administrative organization and development. We hope to examine in succeeding orticles of this series, Education's Explosion or coming of age in the post 20 years a$ it has affected the Clearfield County-Moshannon Valley Area. In general this will include a look at changes in the physical and administrative setup of our schools since 1946; the cost of education and its contribution to the Area's economy; the growth ond role of the County Superintendent of School's Office; new progroms and curricula developments; the problem of the school dropout and lock of college attendance from the area; possible future developments including the Area Technical School, the movement for a community college or branch campus of a neighboring college, and possibilities in the elementary and secondary education fields. the rogress Today's Chuckle Advice to fathers; Take your son fishing and you won't have to hunt for him. Vol. 60 - No, 94 Our 56th Year Clearfield, Curwensville, Philipsburg, Moshannon Valley, Pa., Thursday, April 21, 1966 14,518 Copies Daily 24 PAGES TODAY Next Pitt Move Up To Scranton Decision Awaited On How To Handle Tuition Reduction By PAUL ZDINAK HARRISBURG (AP) - The next step on the University of Pittsburgh bill appears lo be up to the Scranton Administration and how it feels the proposed tuition reduction should be handled. Both Houses passed separate bills Wednesday to make Pitt a stale-related institution and sent them lo the opposite chambers. The Democratic - controlled House also passed a $19.8 million appropriation lo finance the proposal and sent it to the Republican Senate. This bill would provide an annual tuition reduction from $1,560 to $450 for all Pennsylvania full-time sludenls. The Scranton Adminislralion foresees a similar cul bul il has not yet decided if the reduction should apply to all students immediately or just to the freshmen class in the first year, thus spreading the state cost over a period of years. Senate Appropriations Chairman Robert D. Fleming indicated that the House appropriation bill would be the one lo be used tor a point of departure. The Pitt bill was one of several major measures receiving the attention of lawmakers Wednesday as they continued clearing their calendars in preparation for an extended primary election recess. The Senate returned alone today with three major bills in po- Lull in Viet Fighting Ends 173 Reds Please Turn to Page 22, Col. 2 Woodland Lions Club Elects Charles Palmer As New President WOODLAND - Charles Palmer was elected president of the �Woodland Lions Club at a recent dinner meeting. He succeeds Eugene F. Conklin. Other officers are: Wayne Mains, first vice president; Wilbur Livingston, second vice president; Robert Hooven, third vice president; Ralph Herbert, secretary; Ross Livingston, treasurer; Henry Rogers Jr., tail twister; Clayton Merrifield, Lion tamer; and John Varner and Elmer Smeal, board of directors. Plans are being made for the spring turkey supper to be held Saturday, May 7, from 5 to 7 p. m. in the EUB Parish House here. Proceeds will be used to support community projects. SPEAKERS at Wednesday night's 50th Anniversary dinner of the Clearfield County Agricultural and Home Economics Extension Association are from left. Judge John A. Cherry, State Secretary of Agriculture L. H. -f ... Bull, William Cochrane, assistant director of Cooperative Extension Service and Russell Orner, president of the Association. (Progress Photo) Rt. 53 Improvement Project Slated For Bids on May 27 The State Highway Department announced today that it will receive bids May 27 for a major improvement project on Route 53 between Houtzdale and Osceola Mills. The job will involve concrete patching and resurfacing of 4,33 miles between the t w o towns on the 20-foot wide roadway. The work will be completed this summer. Scranfon Tells Of Poll Results On House Probe HARRISBURG (AP) - Gov. Scranton said today that private polls taken for him indicate that the "largest segment" of the stale population feels that the House invesligalion of the state police was politically motivated. Scranton told his weekly news conference that the surveys were made by his private pollster, E. John Bucci of Philadelphia. "The people seem lo be divided," Scranton said. "The largest segment think the whole .effort is highly polilicat and they don't seem lo be paying much attention to it. "The second group seems to feel that it (Uie wiretapping controversy) is unfortunate that there has been this kind of action, that it tends to hurt law enforcement. "The smallest number believes there should be no wiretapping by anyone for any reason." Wiretapping again dominated the news conference, although such topics as the University of Pittsburgh and increased penalties for rape were touched upon in the exchange with newsmen. Scranton said that he had a copy of the statement of charges to be presented at the courts martial of two slate policemen involved in the wiretapping in- County Unit 50 Years Old... Please Turn to Page 10, Col. 8 Inside The Progress Classified Ads ....... 20, 21 Hints From Heloise ...... 9 Comics...............23 News From Around World 10 Sports .............. 16, 17 Obituaries .............. 22 Hospital News ........ 7, 21 Editorial, Columns ...... 4 Social News .2, 12, 15, 24 Church News ........... 13 Sunday School Lesson - 6 A Soldier in Viet Nam .... 5 300 Help Celebrate Extension Anniversary By JANE OIETZEL Progress Staff Writer The atmosphere was that of a big birthday party and family reunion, combined, as the Clearfield County Agricultural and Home Economics Extension Association celebrated its 50th anniversary last night. Some 300 persons from all sections of the county, as well as out-of-county guests, attended the dinner meeting in the New Dimeling Hotel at Clearfield. The> heard talks from several persons, including a Pennsylvania cabinet member . . . State Secretary of Agriculture Leiand H. Bull . . . took a trip to nostalgia land as W. O. Mitchell and Mrs. John Davis presented narrated slide highlights of past extension -----history, and were omused by lady Killed In Bitter Fight Battalion of Enemy Was Pinpointed By Viet Cong Defector By THOM.XS A. REEDY SAIGO.N, South Vicl Nam (AP)-U.S. Marines and South Vietnamese troops battled a mi.Ned Viet Cong � Norlh Vietnamese heavy weapon.s ballal-ion today, killing at least 173 Communists in stiff fi.ghling thai broko a days-long lull in Ihe ground war, U.S. spokesmen reported. .Marine helicopters landed Ihe allied troops virtually on top of the enemy po.sitinn.s 10 miles west of Quang Ngai. on the northern coast, after they were pinpointed by a Vict Cong defector, officers reported. Heavy fighting broke out immediately. In Ihe air war against North Viet Nam. U.S. Air Force jets renewed assaults on approaches to the strategic Mu Gia Pass after thousands of laborers toiled day and night to reopen the landslide-clogged funnel to I the Ho Chi Minh Trail, a U. S. spokesman said. Only eight days ago U.S. B52s dumped 700 Ions of bombs on the winding mountain route on the Laotian frontier 230 miles south of Hanoi in ihc Strategic Air Command's first strike against the Communist Norlh. Maj. Gen. Lewis J. Fields of Salisbury, Md.. commander of the U.S. Isl Marine Division, said the enemy dead in the battle near Quang Ngai, 330 miles northeast of Saigon, may exceed 300. The combined allied force also was reported lo have seized a large slor� of Communist weapon.s. American and South Vietnam- Please Turn lo Page 22, Col. 1 West Branch Taxes, Budget Still Undecided ALLPORT - After a long session last night of the Interim Operating Committee of West Branch Area Schools, the lax structure and 1966-67 budget of the school district are still undecided. Supervisors from Cooper, Morris and Graham townships participated in the discussion of school taxes. The pros and cons of the proposed one per cent wage and income tax were aired before a resoli^tion was adopted to levy the one per cent tax. Before adopting the new budget and completing the levy of taxes, however, the board said it will be necessary to know the intentions of the supervisors. May 3 was set as the date for a special meeting to be held with the Supervisors of Morris, Please Turn to Page 10, Col. 5 Scattered showers and thundershowers ending tonight. Clearing by Friday morning. Fair and cooler Friday. Mostly in the 70s today. Low tonight in the 40s. Sunrise 5:23-Sunset 6:59 Clearfield River Level Wednesday 7 p. m. - 4.25 feet (stationary). Today 7 a. m. - 4.10 feet (falling). Clearfield Weather Wednesday low 46; High 84. Overnight low 52. Mid - State Airport Wednesday I o w 40; High 61. Overnight low 46. Planning Group Asks Change In Cooper Regulation KYLERTOWN - The Kylertown Sub-Committee for Planning met Tuesday in the River Hill Coal Co. office here and passed a resolution to be recommended to the Cooper Township Planning Commission concerning a redefinement of the setback regulation passed al an earlier meeting. The number of feet which all structures are to be set back from the state and township right-of-way is lo be defined as 50 feel from the right-of-way line, rather than the center of the highway (100 feet) as originally planned. All citizens are urged to familiarize themselves with the setback regulation, as it will later have force of law if agreed to and supported by the citizens. The setback regulation includes private dwellings, commercial buildings, signs, signboards, gas pumps'and all other structures, which will be proposed or built in the future. It was also proposed that an ordinance be drawn up setting apart a refuse and garbage di.s-posal area including statements in detail encompassing state law and control of collection and disposal. II is hoped that this program wili expand and continue. Please Turn to Pa^ge 10, Col. 2 County Gains in '66... Personal Revenue Property Tax Is Doubled The Clearfield County Commissioners say they collected a total of $51,789.43 in personal property taxes this year, more than double that which was netted last year. j. Harold McFadden, chairman of the board, attributes the increase to a crackdwon by the county made early in the year. The four-mill lax on selected stocks, bonds, mortgages and other private holdings had not been rigidly enforced for years and il was fell that many who should be paying the lax were not. Although the personal proper-t\- tax does not affect every-one, some 30,000 forms were mailed lo counlians with a warning thai a penalty would be imposed for failure to report taxable holdings. Although some confusion resulted as lo what was taxable and what wasn't, the general reaction was gratifying to the commissioners. Commissioner .McFadden said the public cooperated wonderfully. The S51,789.43 total is the equivalent of more than three-quarters of a mill, based on a county evaluation of some $70 million. "This is money which we normally would not have had without enforcing this particu- lar lax, said Commissioner McFadden. He viewed il as a deterrent lo an increase in county real eslale taxes. ICC Says No Truth To Reports of Near RR Merger Verdict WASHINGTON (AP) - An Interstate Commerce Commission spokesman says there is "no substance" to reports that it will announce its final verdicts next week in one or more of the three major railroad cases now pending. Some sources reported Wednesday that a decision could come as early as Monday in the biggest merger in U.S. business history - the proposal lo combine the Pennsylvania and New York Central Railroads. Chances were said to be bet- Please Turn to Page 22, Col. 3 Cronkite Program To Include Area Strip Mine Work PHILIPSBURG - The favorable side of coal stripping and the conservation efforts of the industry will be presented on a CBS-TV news program by Walter Cronkite sometime in the future as the result of plans being developed here today. Robert Rubin, a representative from the CBS headquarters at New York, arrived this morning and was met al Mid-Stale Airport by Frank Mohney of Harrisburg. executive secretary of the Pennsyhania Coal Mining Association. Then, wiih William G. Jones of Philipsburg, con.servation consultant, Ihey embarked on a lour of area .strippings, backfills and planlings. Old and new reclamalion projects were scheduled lo be visited as were some active strippings and tree plantings on some of the older reclamation siles. Hybrid poplars, which have shown spectacular growth on the spoil banks, will also be \iewed. The tour will also take the group to the James Hoffman stripping where they will watch a dragline in operation. Following the tour, the trio will be joined at dinner tonight in the Clearfield  Curwensville Country Club by A. R, David-Please Turn to Page 22, Col. 3 Nan Neugebauer, a stand - up music and chatter entertainer from Pittsburgh. Secretary Bull was making a return appearance at Clearfield, although in somewhat of a different capacity. Today heading all agricultural activities in the Commonwealth, he served as assistant county agent on a parttime assignment from 1939 lo 1942, Also speaking on the advances in agriculture in Pennsylvania and the nation was Frank Zettle, assistant director of Cooperative Extension in- Central Pennsylvania for Pennsylvania Stale University's Extension Service. Judge John A. Cherry of the Clearfield County Courts surveyed Pennsylvania agriculture and the people involved from the viewpoint of a layman and found them good. Another Clearfield countian, William Cochrane, assistant director of Cooperative Extension Service at the University, was toastmaster and set the pace Please Turn to Page 10, Col. 4 Philipsburg R. D. Boy Struck by Car, Listed In Fair Condition PHILIPSBURG - Mahlon Andrew Griffin, 13, son of Mr. and Mrs. Merle Griffin of Graham Station, Philipsburg R. D., is listed in fair condition today in the Philipsburg State General Hospital after being struck by an automobile al 7:20 o'clock last evening. The boy, an 8th grade student at the West Branch School, was with his. 11-year-old brother. Marlin. State Police said that Marlin ran across Route 322 near the Riverside Market and Mahlon attempted to follow him. The victim was struck by an automobile operated by Stuart Chamberlain Jr., 22, of State College, who was traveling east. The accident occurred in Decatur Township, a half mile west of Philipsburg. The boy, whose left leg was fractured below the knee and whose kneecap was smashed, was taken to the hospital in the Hope Fire Company ambulance. Trooper Ronald C. Tyger investigated the accident. Medal oi Honor Awarded Negro Paratrooper WASHINGTON (AP) - President Johnson presents the Medal of Honor posthumously today lo a young Negro paratroper who threw himself on a Communist hand grenade in South Viet Nam and absorbed the blast with his body to protect four fellow soldiers. A While House ceremony was scheduled at noon to honor 19-year-old Pfc. Milton L. Olive III of Chicago with the nation's highest military decoration. The youth's father, Milton L. Olive of Chicago, and about 20 otl]or relatives of the hero were flown lo Washington Wednesday night tor the ceremony. The dead soldier is 'the third person and first Negro to be awarded the Medal of Honor for service in Viet Nam. Young Olive was killed in action against Communist forces in Viet Nam Oct. 22, 1965, after falling on the grenade. The citation credits that act with saving the four lives. The citation slates: "through his bravery, unhositaling action and complete disregard of his own safety, he prevented additional loss of life or injury to the members of his platoon. Pvt. Voting Machine On Display at Clearfield An automatic voUng machine was placed on public display to day in the Clearfield County Registration Office in the Courthouse Annex. The purpose is to acquaint voters who will use automatic machines with the operation of the machine. New voters are especially welcome to inspect the machine, a spokesman said. Please Turn lo Page 22, Col. 5 City of DuBois Files Objections to State's Shortway Declaration The Cily of DuBois has filed its preliminary objections in the courthouse al Clearfield to the Stale Highway Dcparlmenl's declaration nf taking on two sections of the Ke.\slone Short-way between Route 255 and Elliott Stale Park. Cily Solicitor Kdward \'. Cherry Monday niiiht nl a special mccling of Cily Council presented Ihe ohjeclinns fnr Council approval. Solicilnr Cherry was directed to file the objections uith the prolhonotary. The .'^talc is seeking righls-of-\\ ay acros.s the DuBois rescnoir watershed for construction of the two sections. The declaration of taking filed in Clearfield County Court ]asl month was a le?al prorcdv:rc lo secure the ns;hisof-uay under the staie'.s eminent domain laws. The city i.s trsins; to protect its water supply by asking for a filtration plant before construction starts. Until the matter is settled, the Cily is filing objections lo ihe declaration of taking. ;