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Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer (Newspaper) - June 27, 1877, Cincinnati, OhioYol. Xxxvi no. 48.wednesday morning june 27. 1877. Whole no. 2091. Jume hoses. May brought Golden Sunshine May brought Silver Rains. Buttercups and daisies in the Woods and lanes Lily Bells and lilacs apples blooms like snows pinks and purple pansies but june brought the roses i roses dyed in Sunset. Full of Amber Light roses dyed at dawning As the dawning White roses Pink at Sunrise. Bearing loves device red lipped Crimson roses full of hidden spice. Weave them in a Garland. And while weaving sing a the e Are garnered Sunshine rain and airs of Spring All the Bliss of May time Sweet South wind that blow Melody and perfume made into a weave a Crown in autumn from the Broad leafed Vine when the old year Dieth. Bay and Laurel twine but while charming springtime into summer goes weave the years first Garland every Flower a Rose a harpers weekly. Duels and due lists. Free Halcyon Days of the Del log booted English French and Irish duels lady due lists declined duels authors and artists duels american duels Burr and Hamilton c Lay and based lab Decatur and Barron Haws of Congress statistics and comical duels. Few subjects possess greater interest to americans than that of the code its rules its history Antiquity All possess a sort of Charm that even the most sober minded can not fail to possess an interest in. The truth is americans love Pluck and the history of dueling is the history of Pluck. Without being exactly a nation of due lists yet some of the most prominent statesmen politicians and orators of the United states have either by word or deed so Lent countenance to the Duello that it becomes part and parcel of american history. Hamilton Burr Clay Randolph Jackson Benton Dewitt Clinton Commodore Decatur senator Broderick minister Burlingame and ambassador Soule congressmen without count together with a Host of lesser names have either fought duels or accepted challenges thus acknowledging the Power of the code and their obedience to its mandates. Of late years save when Kentucky a Shonah Sah quot is called in question the Duel has fallen into disuse. Antiquity of do King. Those who go to the scripture for the origin of every thing will find in the contest of David and the mighty Man of Gath groundwork enough for a very respectable Duel. Quot i defy the armies of Israel this Day give me a Man that to May fight together a said the Vair thug Goliah. Such was the Challenge. When the Brave son of Jesse As the Katy challenged selected weapons the Shepherd y chose a is big. Josephus s is the giant was enraged that the weapons selected were those used in div aug away dogs from the flocks and demanded a Dost thou take me not tor a Man but a dog a to which David replied a clip not for a dog but for a creature worse than a the result of the combat Provost David a skill and the daughter of the King was his Reward. In classic Days Achilles contended with Hector turns with Aeneas it codes and his seven companions with polynice who had a similar number. The Horatio and Curatti fought for the Fate of their country. Arte Burus the Noble roman fought with the barbarian. Cyrus the great issued his Cartel to the assyrian King and Pitta us challenged Phynon and Antony the great Sosar. But these Weie mainly National contests settled by individual prowess. Properly the Duel is a quarrel for the adjustment of private grievance or fancied wrong. The individual contests of Antiquity savor of the heroic the duels of modern Days have their origin in Petty Pride mean jealousy disappointed love or overstrained up Natilio. It was not until the vast Barbaric Bordes broke fort i from the forests and fastnesses of Germany overran Italy despoiled Rome and vandalized the civilization anti refinement of ten centuries that the modern Duel was Ever Hoard of. Rude monsters of the North their occupation religion Ami livelihood was lighting. They knew no other was of settling their wrongs. Then followed the Cru odes and the age of chivalry during which period tic Duel if not a National pastime was of so Oft repeated occurrence As to lose the Charm of Novelty. The Duel was then the Delight and in the code of Honor the morality of the period. The least innuendo against a fair lady a Honor or hint of one Ladva a excelling another in either symmetry of form of Beauty of face or whisper that Caprice hatred jealousy or the Devil could construe into an insult was the Welcome signal for a hostile meeting. Then every Knight had his mistress Whoso ribbons he wore whose Meriest a Hui he respected and whose Honor Good name or Bounty lie was Ever ready to fight for. When society became More settled and the property acquired by plundering chiefs and Lawless Lordes was divided disputes to castles and tends were settled by the judicial combat or Wager which to a late Day was the Law of England. As Early As a. D. 501 the Laws of Gjin Debald recognized the judicial combat based on the Assumption that a Brave Man does not deserve to Sutler nor a Coward to live. The Battle of Hastings a. D. 1050, one of the decisive Battles of the world might a have been prevented had King Harold accepted the Challenge of William the conqueror. Philip of France challenged Richard 1. Of England Ferdinand of Spain wanted to Light Alfonso of Portugal and Llano of Norway challenged Alexander the second of Scotland. The Earl of both Well was a magnificent challenger. He challenged �?�11 his enemies the world Over. What wonder then with such Royal examples that the Duel secured at an Early Day a firm footing in Europe it was Paul of Russia who issued a Lunatic manifesto that All the sovereigns of it rope Settle their difficulties by personal combat with Pitt Talleyrand and Berna tolf As seconds. Into fiction too the Duel has crept and novelists have found pistols and Coffee for two As convenient and cheap a Way of getting rid of a Pertina Cious Lover or a disagreeable hero As suicide or Matrimony was for putting a out of sight an offending heroine. Accordingly Bir John Chester in quot Burnaby Rudge a engages in mortal combat with his life Long enemy or. Harc Dale and in quot Nicholas Nickle by lord Frederick Verso put shuffles on to the scenes to be looked at Ana then is carried off in a Duel. Tajik Talmy Days of do King. The reigns of Legrande Monarque hemttv., and Louis Xiv. Of France were the it Almy Days of the Duel. Then right was wrong and wrong right Tho glorious Days when Bayard Tho mama pjs to Chc was running Don Alonzo or won through the body with a Swor bled at his treatment when a prison mint none too much for those who carried challenges. But it w s in Charles the seconds time that duels were most in Vogue. No Man was deemed a Good Cavalier who had not killed his three or four men. The Duke of Buckingham challenged lord Shrewsbury after having seduced his wife. Captain Holman sir Jones Jenkins lord Bernard Howard and John Talbot attended them. Str skins Maior Ebi Avelli was was writing the u atty eve use he Gram when Mac Willsh system when the under Long and Ltd his death of statecraft pure malign. Saintly Bergius was poisoning committing incest when one pop id Tho poisoned eucharist another dlr wed the mas acre of st. Bartholomew and a third Trade theele Rist a signal for assassination. Louis Ling in France Fra Vas enforcing the b in Spain and Over married life of Acourt a Man fraud 1 apostasy Folly a and Truo it is some of the Monarch of those Days pretended to use efforts to Check the Wanton destruction of life but it was a Mere Sham. Honor wore Abow ered and favors granted Muty smiled and wealth awaited the successful destroyer of his fellow men. Charles v. Forbade dueling in his dominions. It was prohibited in Portugal under penalty of confiscation and transportation to Africa. In Sweden death was the penalty. Just urus the second once interrupted a party intent on fighting. He ordered a pair of Gallows erected Aud then said a now. Gentlemen frauds the first Charles the ninth and Henry the fourth each issued sanguinary edicts but it was so much waste paper. Montmorency whose family 1 fated was. It is True executed in the place teemed fated was. It is True executed in the place a grave for fighting a Duel but hostility to him and a desire for. Any intention to Odd Ela. In 6k�v arid a desire for. Revenge was As much the cause As a a abolish dueling or vindicate the All engaged. Shrewsbury was run through the body. Talbot wounded in both arms Jenkins killed outright and the rest slightly wounded while to Crown this disgraceful engagement with everlasting infamy the Duchess of Shrewsbury Dis poised As a Page in boys clothes held bucking ainu a horse in an adjoining Thicket to facilitate her Paramour a escape. That night she passed with her husbands murderer his shirt being stained with his blood. Buckingham afterwards turned his own wife out of doors and with his mistress plundered All her songs estate. Every body fought in those Days. Doctors fell out Over their pills plasters and patients. Doctors Mead and Wood turd met at the Gate of Goodman College. Woodward s foot slipped and he fell. A take your life a cried Mead. A any thing but your physic a exclaimed Woodward. Or. Williams ran or. Bennett through with a sword having fired several pistol shots at his head and the dying doctor with the sword yet in his body prayed god for avenging strength and stabbed his opponent to death. In these Days lit a Xouanh. Waller to Lely condemned dueling and real. The in Rote tor thought six months pm blasphemy ran rampant infidelity and rib Aldry were the Mode of the Day. Quot the Bucks a the quot mohawks and a the Lyell fires were the leaders of the ton. The stage was no More corrupt than the court on sundays the youth of the period assembled at taverns with bands of music playing while divine service was going on in neighbouring chapels and ate of their favorite dish a holy ghost mrs. Bracegirdle was carried off by Force in the Fiu Blic streets and Steele who wrote against Duel no put his principles in practice by fighting with an officer. Colonel Gardner whose biography the holy i r. Doddridge afterwards wrote fought a Duel at eight years of age and bore the sear to the Day of his death and distinguished himself in two More before he reached the age of manhood. Pitt the English statesman met lord Tierney in 1798, on account of words uttered in debate but firing his pistol in the air the seconds interfered. The Duke of Wellington challenged lord Winchel sea in 1829, on account of a political quarrel in reference to the roman Pathol la Relief Bill. The eccentric lord Camelford fought with or. Best whose cast off mistress mrs. Symons he had taken up with. The artful Vixen meeting Best at the theater asked some favor of him that be could not Grant and she it once told lord Camelford that he had slandered him. Best denied this on being confronted by the lord but the latter was obstinate and paid the forfeit with his life. Two enthusiastic novel writers fought in defense of classical and romantic literature and after firing three or four times hostilities ceased by the interference of friends. M. Reynouard commander of the Carra Vaune fought m. Oar Nerey who had been sent to paint the Battle of Navarino. Beau Oil do st. Allaire paid with his life for a pointed paragraph in his oration on the Duke de Feltre. The a it out Champ Enete got a wound in his leg for verses be bad not written. In Louis the thirteenth s time the Young court gallants never asked when they met quot what a the news a but a who fought Fater Day a in Malta dueling was allowed by Law. One challenged miss Catharine Hurley of Buffalo new York. Seconds were chosen and the Challenge formally delivered and accepted according to the thirty six commandments of Galway. The toll Bridge on Ohio Street Buffalo was the place of rendezvous. A Large crowd assembled to witness the sport but alas for human Hopes a police officer got wind of the affair and marched the warlike Jurty principals and seconds to jail. This was in declined. Not always have the challenged party accepted and fought. Some there Are of whose bravery the world has had ample proof whose replies when challenged became famous. Perhaps the most notable instance is that of Napoleon who when challenged by Gustavus in. Of 8weden, sent word sat he would Send his fencing master As a Plenio Atlary with whom he might arrange the proceeding. Marius sent word to a teutonic chief who wanted to have a personal contest with him that if he was tired of life he had letter hang himself. When cit Arles in. Of Sweden defied Christian in. Of Denmark he received As a response a go and take a dose of hellebore a and Charles Gustavus when similarly circumstanced with Frederick of Denmark said a the of refer fought in Good Many of the ancients there slow to resent an affront. Cicero a son Thoby lib to tit off the head of a one of Augustus and Lycurgus not resent the blow of Alcander although he lost his Eye. When Antony challenged Octavius Ceesar the latter said Antony wished to die there were other ways of Doinoff it than the Point of the a i a i authors and artists urls. Erne sensitiveness of literary artists either a it criticism Rebuff or hostility has led the extreme sensitiveness of literary men and a Isis either a it criticism Rebuff or hostility has led to Many a meeting and those whose calling is to prove the pen a mightier weapon than the sword frequently throw aside the former to Deal speedier frequently throw aside the former to Deal speedier work with the latter. John Scott editor of the London Magazine severely criticised j. G. Lockhart a management of the famous Blackwood. Or. Christie a Friend of Lockhart took the matter up and demanded a retraction which was refused. February 21,1821, the parties met by Moonlight at Chalk farm and the second fire proved fatal to Scott. Christie was afterwards tried and acquitted by the jury in Twenty five minutes. Tom Moore the poet and Francis Jeffrey editor of the Edinburgh review and lord advocate of Scotland once assembled for a bout if. Interfered. Jeffrey had very savagely to which assembled for a bout with pools but the police a Ferod. Jeffrey had criticised a try savagely to Whilt Jeffrey was a liar and challenged him. Lamartine poet Moore retorted that Street was set apart for that express purpose and by stopped when a priest Knight or interfered. Addison Speaks of a club of Delista in London most of whom were afterwards imprisoned or Hung. Lord byrons Duel with or. Cha Worthi growing out of a dispute about their respective properties is too Well known to need mention Here. Dan of Connell the Irish orator called the corporation of Dublin a the beggarly Ana j. N. Do Esterre one of its members called him to account for his language. The corporation a a stronghold of Irish protestantism and of co was the Leader of the catholics. They met a twelve Miles from Dublin february 1815, and do Katerri fell at the first fire mortally wounded. It is but just to Ray Attiat of Connell to the Day of his death regretted this Duel. When challenged by sir Robert Peel some years after he said in the House of commons quot i have blood upon my hands and i have registered a vow in the Duel of Sheridan the author of a the school for scandal and quot the rivals a and Captain Tom Mathews wus one of the most celebrated and laughable Liat Ever occurred. Sheridan a brother loved Amis Linley. Captain Mathews a married Man persecuted her with rakish intentions and when she refused to yield threatened her reputation. In her trouble she went to the author who advised her to go into a French Convent. And offered to accompany her. At Calais they were married. Mathews challenged the bridegroom shortly after his arrival and a Duel Wai fought in which no one was Hurt. Mathews being universally avoided went into retirement when a Friend persuaded him to Send a second Challenge to Sheridan. He did it was accepted and the two hacked each other to their hearts Content. Hon. George Canning and lord Castlereagh fought a Duel in 1809 in sight of the windows of the House in which Pitt died. The Duel grew out of political differences and was More important in its results since it produced a dissolution of the English Cabinet Canning was wounded. In april. 1803, leu tenant colonel Montgomery and Captain Mcnamara fought because their dogs fought and the colonel wus killed. Mcnamara was tried for Tho offence but lord Erskine defended him or rather wrote the following ingenious speech for him a Model of its kind one that no English jury could resist and perhaps the Best defense of dueling Ever written. When confronted by the court he said a i am a Captain of Tho British Navy. My character you can Only hear from others. But to maintain my character without detraction i must be respected. When culled upon to Lead others into honorable danger i must not be supposed to be a Man who sought safety by submitting to what custom has taught others to consider a disgrace. I am not presuming to urge any thing against the Laws of god or Tho land. I know that in the Eye of duty and reason obedience to the Law though against the feelings of the world is the first duty and ought to be made the duty of action but i putting construction upon my motives so As to ascertain the Quality of my actions you will make allowance for my situation. It is in it possible to define in terms the proper feelings of a gentleman but their existence has supported this Happy country for Many years and she might perish if they were several witnesses testified to the Cap Tain s character among them Admiral Nelson the hero of Trafalgar who said quot As i stand before god and my country i believe him to be incapable of insulting Man woman or female due lists. Women have often been the cause of duels f pm the heroic age when Paris and Menelaus fought for the far famed Helen of Troy to these latter avs of the Bennett and May imbroglio. Men heroic or foolish enough have always been found to take up the fair. Ones quarrels but that they should deign masculine assistance Aud shy their own castors seems shocking to civilization and disgraceful to womankind. Madame de Ville Chsu says that the Henrietta Sylvie of Moliere fought a Duel with Short swords with another be mule both being disguised in masculine attire. Madame Dunoyer in her Lef Speaks of a lady of Beaucaire who fought at i with a Young lady of rank and so enraged were the combatants that the Issue would have been fatal but for the timely interference of attendants. Two ladies of easy virtue fought once on the Boulevard st. Antoine and backed up each others faces and bosoms in approved style says de be colombiere. Mademoiselle Durieux fought tier Lover anti Otti. In the it Meu Street. But the most celebrated female dualist of modern times was the a treat Maupin. From Serane the fencing master who was one of her lovers she Learned the Art and never let slip an Opportunity to put her lessons in practice. When the actor Dureny insulted her she demanded satisfaction and when he refused it she stole his watch and snuff Box which she kept As trophies. Attending a Ball oue evening she insulted e lady and was requested to leave the room. A i will a said she a if those gentlemen who so War Only espouse the lady a cause will accompany three gentlemen followed. 8he killed them Ell. Received a Pardon from Louis Xiv., but soon after repaired to Brussels where she became the mistress of the elector of Bavaria. During the Regency the Marquise of Nesle and the countess Polignac fought with pistols for the Possession of the rakish due de Richelieu. In 1827 a lady of chateau Roux called out a Man who had slapped her husbands face and severely wounded blk. The Gay and festive Lola Montes who now sleeps at Greenwood was in favor of dueling. In 1843 she was the mistress at Paris of Duj Arier the editor of la press and when her Paramour fought with Bou Valion editor of the Globe she said in giving her testimony it the trial of Bou Valion a i was a better shot than Lin Jarier and i wanted satisfaction i Contd Hare fought my my poor dead Duj Arier had Toft her most of his Fortune and she Shortl where Shanw a a in America we have had female pugilist female clog deuces female minstrels to Malo lawyers doctors divines and politicians but never save on a a two it Hall the French poet and historian fought and severely wounded Gabriel Pepe a neapolitan officer. In 1825. Lamartine had written a poem in imitation of Byron at the conclusion of which he pictured the degradation of Italy in colors too glaring for the sensitive feelings of the neapolitan. The poet was at that time Secretary of legation at Naples. Handel the great musician and author of quot the Messiah a once fought with m. Matheson at Hamburg. They quarrelled in reference to a breach of etiquette at the opera and soon after fought with swords. A Button on handels coat turned and broke fits antagonists weapon and ended Tho affair. Ole Bull the great fiddler mortally wounded in 1838 a fellow artist and count de Segur author of a Campaign of Russia a fought one of Napoleons aides de Camp. General Gouraud. His strictures on that bloody Campaign the fiery Gouraud considered As reflecting too severely on France and his emperor. But of All nations France produces the most pugnacious literati. No editors office is Complete without Short swords sabers and pistols. Alexander Dumas fought Gaillardet on account of a dispute As to the authorship of the drama be. Mir de Nesle. Tho latter wrote the work the former revised it and when it proved a Success Ana Eunce himself As sole author. The legitimise editors of be Revenall challenged those of their editorial confreres who did not implicitly believe in virtue of the Duchess de Berry and rho my Gaboree of that paper and Armand Carrel editor of be National met which resulted in a severe wound for the latter. Carrel it seems Learned no Wisdom from his sufferings for in july 183 5, he fought m. Emile de Girardin editor of the Presse and received a wound from which he died in Twenty four hours. Lion. Grant lev Berkeley took offence at an article written in Fraser s Magazine and assaulted James Fraser the publisher. Or. Mog inn a fiery irishman and author of the article left his card it the Noble lords House and a meeting transpired August 4. 1836. Three shots were exchanged without effect. Sir Grant lev sex passed his fiery Honor As satiated and Maginnis Temoer cooled so the seconds withdrew me principals. Dueling in the United states. Strange but nevertheless True the first Duel in the United 8tates was fought in Purit anic new England. Accordingly Burlingame and Cilley had Good Plymouth Rock precedent the one for not refusing the Challenge of Porter of Michigan and the other for his fatal contest with Graves of Maryland. In 1623 Edward Doty and Edward Lester both servants of Stephen Hopkins at Plymouth Massachusetts had a quarrel and settled it with swords like gentlemen. Of course their conduct was a heinous offence in the eyes of the Colony and although there was no Law on the statute Book for the punishment of the offence they soon improvised one. The due lists were ordered to be tied together hands and feet for Twenty four hours without food or drink. The lowly and plebeian origin of the Duel in the United states May in a measure account for new England a repugnance to the code of Honor. Had Miles Standish and Juhn Alden fought about the hand of that arrant flirt and Puritan coquette Priscilla Mullens then tone would have been Given to the Duello and the honoured custom not entirely monopolized by those of the fiery South. During Tho revolutionary War Castle Garden now fort Independence in Boston Harbor was celebrated As a dueling ground a for the hot headed sons of old Early in the War with Tripoli our officers fought Many duets and the practice was Only stopped by the stringent orders of Commodore Prebles. In 1819, however american and British officers so often fought it Gibraltar that our vessels were forbidden that port. There have been Many famous duels in the United states but pre eminently that of Burk and Hamilton leads the list. The prominence of the parties the triviality of the cause the fatal result and Public sympathy for Hamiltons widow and orphans All cons Toeu to make it the sensation of the Early Days of the first Century of the Republic. The Duel was fought at realm we n. J., july 11,1804. Hamilton had just been appointed minister to France and Burr was vice president of the United states. The immediate cause of the difficulty was the publication of a pamphlet by a or. Cooper in which occurred a colonel Hamilton and or. Kent say that they consider colonel Roor Aeau us Jauer Naumi ner most o ins in and aha shortly proceeded to i into it the Young King of Bavaria fell a slave to her is and created her tile countess of Lorfn melt. One occasion Aid two females aes table to fight a of Rochester. New Duel. Air a i j Fork. Burr a dangerous Man and one unfit to be trusted Ansof in another place a general Hamilton has expressed of colonel Burr opinions still More this last Massage irritated Burr and he demanded an immediate retraction. Hamilton considered the passage As at Best very indefinite and declined. A Long correspondence ensued resulting in Hamiltons death. 7 he country was thoroughly indignant at Burr who was obliged to flee to Europe. He told Jeremy Bentham the English philosopher that he was sure of killing Hamilton and that individual con Siu Rcd the Duel As no better than a murder. No name in american Hisz Orv though covered with the Glamour of Romance is held to be More despicable Benedict Arnold not excepted than that of Aaron Burr. Clay and Randolph. The Duel Between Henry Clay and John Randolph was fortunate in its ending in that the warm heart of the one and the Hasty aim of the other robbed the affair of what otherwise might have been a never to be erased blot on the memory of the great orators of the South. The Duel was fought in 1826 on the Virginia Shore of the Potomac. Both participants were friends alienated for the time being by the political questions of the Day. Randolph Nad denounced the Anlou of Adams and Clay As a Union of the Puritan and the Blackleg. Clay challenged at once. The strangest part of this Duel is that tie parties at the last moment entertained no hostile feeling for each other. Randolph when told of clays wife Aud sleeping child said a i shall do nothing on the Morrow to disturb the sleep of Tho child or the repose of the Mother a and after the Duel on the ground a i would not have seen or. Clay fall mortally or even doubtfully wounded for All the land that is watered by the Klug of floods Aud his tri Hutar streams and Clay when the Duel was ended said a i Trust in god my dear sir you Are in Toncred alter what has occurred i would not have harmed you for a thousand Henry Clay had before in 18pts, fought Humphrey Marshall when they were both in the Kentucky legislature. Decatur and Barron. This Duel transpired March 22, 1820, at Bladensburg and is one of the most famous duels in american history. Commodore Decatur of the United Stales Navy Aud James Barron a Post Captain in feelings toward each other. Barron had not approved of Decatur Saffirio in the Chesapeake and some person had of mend trouble by alleging that Decatur was preventing the re oni ploy men t of Barron in the service. Decatur was one of the Pluck it men of the Day. was a dualist by profession. He had fought three before this fatal encounter Aud dung the War of 1812 he proposed to sir Thomas Hardy a Duel of ship to ship but the English Admiral declined this novel Mode of fighting. Other american duels. Gover Dewitt Clinton in 1802, fought John Smartwood an insignificant politician about some Petty difference and Neville Soule son of Pierre Soule United states minister at Madrid in 1853 fought the Duke do Alba for an insulting remark made about Bis Mother at a Ball Given by Marquis de Turgot French ambassador at same place. The Duke said that mrs. Soule a looked like Margaret of Young Soule was present and knowing that Margaret of Burgundy while a very Beautiful was a very licentious woman he took the remark to mean More than was probably intended. The gentlemen fought with swords for thirty minutes and then seconds interfered. The next Day Pierre Soule the United states minister took the affair up and demanded satisfaction of Mons. Turgot at whose House the Ball was Given. They met and the Marquis was wounded in the leg. Of course or. Soule was recalled. Senator Dick Broderick of California was killed in a Duel by judge David d. Terry in san Fancisco in 1859. Tom Benton fought with Lucas of st. Louis and received a horse whipping from general Jackson at Nashville that nearly Cost the general his life. Senator w. M. Gwin known As Duke Gwin fought a Duel with rifles at thirty paces with hon. W. Mccorkle member of Congress in California May 1853. After exchanging shots and nobody Hurt it was found that the whole affair was the result of a mistake and the matter ended Illinois has never been a very healthy place for in a Sham Duel. Stewart was in the secret but Lien Nett duels. In the year 1820 one was fought in Belleville 8t. Clair county Between Alphonso Stewart and we. Berf Tipett. The seconds made it up for a was in dead Earnest. It was supposed he slipped a Ball into his gun after receiving it from his second. His opponent fell mortally wounded and Bennett was arrested tried convicted sentenced and hanged for murder. The late president Lincoln was mixed up in this affair which was planned As a joke but its fatal termination put a mos verious face on the affair. Governor Bond refused to Pardon Bennett though great efforts were made to induce him. Congressional interference. As Early As 1802 efforts were made in Congress to suppress dueling. Or. Gray in that Yea moved in be Fly any person from holding office who should be Appo Pediri to inquire into the expediency of a Law to Dis qual conceded in a Duel but the House refused to consider the subject. In i806 army shall Send a Challenge to fight a Duel or accept a Challenge if sent upon pain of being cashiered or if a non commissioned officer of suffering Corporal punishment at the discretion of a court martial. In 1820, after Decatur a Duel a Resolution was submitted to the committee on military affairs designed to prevent dueling in the Navy and District of Columbia but the committee reported that the existing Laws if executed were amply sufficient. In 1824 or. Wright of Ohio offered a Resolution similar to or. Gray a of 1802, but it shared a Fate similar to its predecessors. In 1831 or. Livingston with no better Success attempted to introduce a Bill to prevent dueling in the District of Columbia but in 1838 the fatal and lamentable result of the Duel Between Cilley and Graves led to renewed efforts to suppress dueling. The late Henry a. Wise of Virginia was one of the seconds in this Duel. A Bill to prevent the giving or accepting within the District of Columbia a Challenge to fight a Duel and for the punishment thereof became a Law february 20, 1839. However in 1813, or. Stratton was unsuccessful in his efforts to have a Bill passed to suppress it in the army and Navy. In All the states there Are provisions in the statutes for the prevention of dueling but How inoperative the War in the East. They Are in sustained by Public sentiment readily appears by the Fryu Felcy of of the participate ii. F duels and entire escape the frequency of duels at the South is Well known although general c. C. Pinckney and hon. R. B. Rhett both South carolinians of a National ability expressed themselves As opposed to the practice. The sentiments of the latter in reference to a Challenge from hon. Jeremiah Clemens of Alabama delivered in the Senate february 28, 1852, Are worthy of mention a for Twenty years i have been a member of the Church of Christ. The senator knows it every body knows it. I can not and will not Dishonour my religious professions. If he or any one else supposes that i am afraid of his insults or the opinion which requires them to be redressed in the Field As to be driven by them to abandon the professions of Twenty years he is entirely mistaken. I frankly admit that i fear god and that i fear him More than Man. Although desirous of the Good opinion of All men we can never obtain it by abandoning the principles we statistics of dueling. In the time of Henry iii. In a single province in France 220 gentlemen were killed in fuels in six months. In the reign of Henri Quarter 4,000 were killed in two years. In those Days seconds As Well As principals engaged in the quarrel. The Good King granted Over 14.000 pardons for quarrels Alona. From the beginning of the reign of George iff. To 1840 upward of 200 leading duels took place in England including 100 principals and As Many seconds. In three of them both combatants were killed in the others about 80 killed 120 wounded one half of whom desperately the other half slightly the rest escaped unhurt. It is estimated that one s Chance of life in a Duel is one in five and one Lulf More or less Are severely wounded. Twenty trials occurred some were found guilty of manslaughter four of murder two were hanged the rest imprisoned. Ridiculous duels. The world has been Ever full of men ready to fight for a fancied grievance at the drop of a hat of if they had no cause then to make one. The neapolitan Nobleman who fought fourteen duels to prove the Dante was a greater poet than Ariosto and then on his death bed admitted that he had never read either was no More crack brained than one of Washington a aids who fought a general second in rank in the revolutionary War to prove that Washington was equal to the official position he held and that Asa private gentleman he was entitled to consideration and respect. Some gossiping Babbler once told la Fontaine the fable st that a certain Captain was too intimate with his wife and that he must fight him. Buckling on his sword he encountered the officer told him his object and announced his intention of fighting him. The officer disarmed the poet and assuring him of the ridiculousness and falsehood of the rumours said if he was the cause of so much trouble he would come to his House no More. The officers conduct so pleased la Fontaine that he immediately declared that come he must and if he did not he surely would fight him. Cagliostro the quack and charlatan of Louis time was challenged by a physician. The renowned professor of legerdemain proposed that it being a medical Duel it should be settled medicinally that the parties Swallow two pills oue poisonous the other innocuous. It is needless to say. The Duel was off. Marquis Docteu Terniac from Bric Tany once challenged the whole pit of a theater. Stepping from behind one of the shove scenes of the stage he shouted out something which the pit hissed. Advancing to the foot lights in the full gaze of the audience he said quot ladies and gentlemen with your permission a piece will be performed to Morrow the insolence of the up chastised by Marquis de Teu Terniac. In As Many Acta As May be desired. No one responding the crack brained dualist was removed. Prince Dol Boroucki challenged an old russian general named Zass and at the same moment the swedish artillery was heard and news came that the enemy were attacking a redoubt. The two at once engaged in their Duel by standing in the Embr asure till one or the other was struck. The Prince was Cut in two by a Cannon Ball and the general made a masterly Retreat count de Tolstoy and a naval Captain fought. The latter insisted on a naval Duel and proposed that they seize each other and jump into the water. The count said he could not swim the Captain charged him with cowardice and rudely seizing him jumped into the sea. Both were rescued but the Captain a injuries were so a Evere that he died a Rew Days after. Perhaps the most ridiculous Story is that told of general Putnam of revolutionary and Wolf Fame known As a old during the French War he was challenged by an English officer lie proposed not always been slow to resent injuries. De Reu doffed his cowl and priestly Robes Aud showed himself master of the Fence and thrust As often As occasion required and the famous Ignatius Loyola founder of the society of Jesus called out a Moor for denying the divinity of Christ in Japan instead of killing each other they commit a Shari Kari a or kill themselves a fashion not Likely Ever to become excessively popular in those modern Days. A a v a n. Rats what Grer backs. Eaton Democrat Patty Are now. No they have Begu of a Greenback currency and in As. Sufficient volume to transact the ims Inesa of the country. Turat is Fust what the a onto want and jul i what the democrats Are struggling to obtain. Special correspondence of the enquirer Rustchak May 27, 1877. At the front. I left constantinople on tiie 25th inst. By an austrian Lloyd Steamer for Varna. The proclamation declaring the place in a state of siege was issued that morning meaning thereby martial Law for every body instead of the usual diversity for All nationalities and things were beginning to have a warlike smack at Tho capital. Our vessel was crowded with officers and soldiers going to the front. They were All volunteers Aud generally of the irregular kind. The government has sent Forward All the drilled and Rogart led bodies fit for Tho Field and now All faithful subjects desirous of taking a hand in repelling the russian invasion Are Given passports and sent on to the various commanders to he put to the Best use practicable. They were a rum lot on our vessel. They were arrayed in every imaginable Oriental costume and nearly All of them carried some sort of ancient grotesque weapon. I saw old forelocks equipped with flints and chased most artistically but barbarous by which looked As though they might have done duty against old do nolo and i could readily have believed it had any evidence been furnished of the existence of Gunpowder at that interesting period. There is really much to Admire in the Fervour with which these devout people go to War. There is not much patriotism in it nor love of country and there is an Earnest absence of noisy demonstration no cheers for the old Flag. At the Bottom lies the hereditary hatred of the muscovite but the main Spring that moves the real fighting material to the front is the determination to maintain the doctrine that there is but one god and Mohammed is his Prophet. All through the night on the Black sea these devout soldiers were singing on deck and performing religious ceremonies. I saw among them quite a number of detached officers going to their commands. Some of them were Well dressed but having no Money they slept on deck and ate Black bread and onions of the commonest of soldiers. In most countries these shoulder strapped gentlemen would have found places in the Cabin or have inquired very minutely into the reason Why such a luxury was denied them. Our vessel was loaded with supplies for the army. The bread chiefly interested me. It was the equivalent of our a hard tack a and was simply a sort of biscuit Black and coarse and hard made of badly bolted Rye or Barley. It was transported in sacks holding two bushels each. One of the features of our ship was a partitioned spot on the Cabin deck with an awning Over it where veiled turkish women and their children sat and slept on rugs resplendent in the colors of the Rainbow. I brought with me As a Dragoman one Samuel Moses a hebrew gentleman about forty years of age who Speaks turkish greek French arabic and enough English to answer on an occasion of this sort. I had first seen him in the Bazaar at constantinople helping an English gentleman with his purchases and the Way in which he beat Down the Knavish shop keepers filled me with admiration. He was afterwards recommended to me very highly by Consul wrench and i have found him a very serviceable and faithful Man. Varna is 145 Miles from constantinople almost North and is the chief seaport of european Turkey on the Black sea. It is the terminus of the railway from runt Chuk and before the War was quite a Point for travellers going to or from Vienna by the Danube route. Vve arrived there in the morning. The Harbor is a wretched one having a full Eastern exposure which subjects it to All the Rigours of the Black sea squalls. Much to my Surprise there was not a single turkish Man of War nor gun boat guarding the water Side of this most important entrepot. I landed in the midst of a drenching rain and was detained quite awhile by the custom House officials they retained my papers and sent me on to the hotel telling Moses that they would see about me later in the Day. The hotel was a miserable affair kept by a greek. A carpet less room was Given me. With a pallet in one Cor it. Which suggested fleas. The Only decoration on we glaring Walls was a plate engraving of Johann Gutenberg exhibiting one of his first fainted sheets in his crude office to a gentleman n a fur lined coat. I immediately concluded Tomt this was a room set apart by the landlord for newspaper correspondents and that his picture was a compliment to the Guild. After the rain subsided i took a look at Varna. The town contains about 12,000 inhabitants and sits on an uneven plateau just above the water. It is Well walled in and at the Waterside i found some excellent batteries mounting Krupp gnus. Tho Little River Devny which comes Down from Tho mountains is a sort of elongated Lake at this Point and on either Side Are immense Hills which Render Varna so capable of defense. It was along this Lake that the English army under lord Raglan camped during the first months of the crimean War and died so wretchedly of fevers. There Are ten first class forts on the Hills on either Side of Varna and new works supporting them and connecting them arc being slowly pushed along. Only three or four of the forts have their armaments but if the main body of the army should be compelled to fall Back Here it would be an easy matter to put the Metal in position. With a Good army supported and victuals a by the Navy Varna would to simply impregnable and if the russians Are Ever Able to penetrate this far they will find their Hank and rear to be in a bad Way for Varna need never be surrendered. The place at present is Garry died by 10,000 troops mostly egyptians. The Khedive a contingents have been Here four or five months. They Are Black sleepy looking Fellows but they arc generally Stout and seem capable of a great Deal of rough service. Their uniforms which once consisted of baggy Blue browsers and jackets Are now in a sad state and the suns and Rains have about extracted the Cor from their fees. They have with them their own egyptian priests who go about in Silken dresses of Many colors. All the troops that i saw were armed with Breech loaders. I entertained myself for several hours watching them from the window of my hostelries driving pack horses loaded with provisions up to the forts. Meanwhile Moses was having trouble about my passport. It had not been properly fwd or endorsed by the Consul at constantinople the governor of the place threatened to turn ins Back. However through tact and Good manage Rhet on the Jairt of Moses i got the old gentleman to put his sign manual on the Back of it and was at Liberty to proceed. Before leaving Moses insisted do Herald. The first thing he Learned upon arriving there was that his paper had been placed on the proscribed list on account of its anti turkish proclivities. The turkish minister in America had written Home to say that the Herald was the russian Organ in America and when or. Huy she applied through the american legation to the Porto for a Firman he had been bluntly refused. After waiting about constantinople for a week or two. Trying in vain to procure a permit to go to Tufe Foo tit. He had gone without any papers. By use of a a Bakshish at Varna he had slipped through to it Sutchuk but he found himself every where proscribed. His departure had been telegraphed and spies had been kept on his track Ever since Hia arrival. The night before at Sli Mia an Effort had been Marie to provoke him into some sort of quarrel and he had been frankly Given to understand that in the event of Active operations along the Danube he would be left to shift for himself. He had applied to Abdul Kerim the Ledar Ekrem or commander at a permit of some sort but had received no satisfactory response. Or. Hyshe was loud in his complaints of the stupidity and. Quot Inist ipe succeeded in prejudicing nis Case but were now bungling management of the american minister and Consul at Constantinop a who had not Only that i must Don a Fez if 1 expected to escape coi truely on the ground of being a russian and so much against my will Aud at the risk of being Sui left Varim at six of clock this morning by rail and arrived Here at five this afternoon. The distance by the Railroad is one Hundred and eighty Miles. The Road runs through the Eastern end of the Balkan Range and is quite Well constructed though there seems to be a painful Lack of rolling Stock Jon military operations. The Road was built by offs Fey company but is Low owned und operated by an austrian company. All the engineers Are either English or scotch a and it was quite refreshing to Nile to see that familiar Type of face protruded through the cab windows. On either Side of the mountains i fount the country to be both Fertile and Beautiful. Along the line i saw Many of the quaint bulgarian villages with Low houses or huts built of British end thatched with Straw. There were no fences or Hedges any where and Only Here and there patches under cultivation. The open country was dotted with Low stunted Trees ranging from six to ten feet in height and the mountains were All dressed in thick undergrowth. The tops were generally crowned with Rocky facings which made them look decidedly like forts. Flowers bloomed everywhere. It is from the Balkans that the roses come from which the Attar is derived. A along the Way i saw roving b ads of bulgarians and but few people blowing with oxen in Tho Fields. Natshun Larond station about seventy Miles up i found three correspondents. One of them addressed me by name. Underneath his stubble of whiskers i recognized a slender Pale Young Mon named Wentworth Hyshe. Whom i had met to the London office of the new York Herald. He introduced me to his corp Anions or. Pryor of the London illustrated news and or. Dow of Tho Sheffield times. They had All been stationed at Rustchak watching the russian Advance and had come Down to Shmia a few Days before to Sec the turkish commander in chief and obtain from hint some additional posses or documents authorizing them to remain with the army. Shumla is twelve from the railway on the left from Varna and is at present the station of the main body of the turkish any opera Ting against the Danube invader. Having heard of some Cann Nading at this Point on Ute Day previous or. Hyshe and his companions were Rushing up to look after their horses and equipment. I found or. a bad Frame of mind he had come out to constantinople some four weeks previous to go to the Field for the manifesting great indifference to his interests. He had sent a number of telegrams he said to or. Bennett in Paris but had no reason to know that they had been forwarded. I have found or. H. A very companionable Young Man. He is an englishman but having resided thirteen years in America and married an american girl is in a condition to appreciate american journalism. Dow had been out in the Servian War and Ait Erward in Bulgaria and was now entering upon this Campaign with the nonchalance of a Veteran. At veto a on the was up to met a Luggage train and on it was my Friend lord Melgun in fatigue uniform very much sunburned and looking the worse for campaigning. He was accompanied by a French military attache in red breeches top boots and resplendent cavalry jacket. They had Ridden from Silistria to rust link along the Danube on horseback and were now hastening to rejoin Headquarters at Shumla. Melgun gave me an account of the Exchange of shots yesterday Between the turks at Rustchak and the russian Battery above i Urgero. It was his opinion that Active work was about to begin and he assured me i would reach the front in time to see some of it. The Frenchman was something of a Funk. He was certain that Rustchak would be bombarded before Twenty four hours and that the russians would Cross the Danube in a Day or two. He had seen the artillery Duel going on Between Ole Nitza and turt Ukai Ond was convinced that the crossing wifi old take place at that Point. He expected at first a swarm of cossacks who would Rush Forward and intercept the railway somewhere Between Ras Grad and theme Zavoda. After them would come the infantry and he was of the opinion that the first decisive Battle would be fought at or about Ras Grad. Altogether his talk was quite sensational. Despite its alarming tendency we pushed on however and at five o clock we were in sight of the Danube. The railway strikes the River almost opposite the Wallachia town of i Urgero. Which is just below Rustchak. I could Sec the silent White houses and the steeples of the greek churches in this town now swarming with russian soldiers. Only one smoke stack to the place gave signs of life and a few dismantled River ships were lying idly at the wharf. The River was High a higher it is said than it has been for thirty years and the Long Island on which the russians planted their batteries in 1854, and were so mercilessly pounded by the turkish guns seemed thoroughly inundated. On the turkish Side i saw to the left the White tents of the Camps and bristling forts on the Hills crowning the town. Great flocks of cattle and goats for the use of the army were grazing about the Camps under the guidance of shepherds. One brigade of turks was drilling on the Plain to the left and troops were lying in the trenches along the railway. As we ran up the River to the station i saw the patient turkish sentinels walking the Bank or sitting behind their Little turf embankments a part of the patrol which extends from Widding to Silistria. Above the station was a powerful Batter completely commanding the town on the other Side and a russian Battery which was erected for the express purpose of knocking the railway property to pieces. 1 took a sort of excuse for a vehicle and drove Over the old Walls and into the town a distance of nearly a mile halting at the hotel Islah Hane. This was formerly the leading hotel of the town but now it is in a sad and dismantled condition. The landlord an italian is Here with a Cook and a few servants but the carpets and valuables have All been removed and the place has a most desolate aspect it stands at the upper end of the town directly on the River Bank and As it is the largest and most commanding House on the riverfront the opinion prevails that More than one gun is trained on it. Directly opposite the russians have a very Good work erected on the ruins of an old fort built during the Campaign of 1828-9. Hyshe and Pryor told me that they had lived Here in the hotel for two weeks watching the enemy throwing up this Battery and expecting every Day to see the turks open on it. It seemed strange that the turks with their splendid forts and Fine guns had allowed the enemy to stick up guns under their very noses when it would have been an easy matter to Knock them Down As fast As they could be set up. I took a powerful Glass and sitting in the second Story of the hotel watched the russians on the Battery opposite for nearly an hour. There were Embra sures for Twenty four guns and a lot of men appeared to be working at the lower end. An officer in full uniform stood on the works and with a Glass surveyed our Side of the River. He would leave off occasionally to Chat with some soldiers who were lounging about and would now and then sit Down and Cross his legs in an indifferent Way on a sort of seat or Camp Stool. Altogether he was a very impudent person. Later in the evening i saw the russian Relief guard going the rounds and a Supply train drawn by oxen moving up from i Urgero. It is supposed that quite a body of men is hidden in the Low ground behind this work. The Hills on the Wallachia Side Are a mile or two Back from the River and Are therefore out of the Way for batteries. The Rustchak Side is much det term in this respect for the Bluffs come to it the River a Edge above the town. The russians have the advantage of some Low Timber for masking their guns and movements and a Village just opposite the upper end of rust link is said to be full of troops Ana batteries hidden behind the foliage. 1 quot at dinner to night we All sat Down in the Bare dining Hall of the Islah a amp be. Rather a seedy lot. Dow was suffering from a Low fever contracted by his Long residence in this feverish country Pryor had a dysentery and Hyshe was Blue and disappointed because of the doubt and uncertainty of is situation. The turks have very Little consider titon for correspondents and in the event of Active operations Hyshe is fearful that he will be arrested upon some pretext and made very uncomfortable. Our dinner was enlivened by two English surgeons Orni Shank and Stephens who Are connected with the medical department and Are stationed in the hospitals which Fly the White Flag and Crescent just Back of the hotel. They regalia us with All the news and gossip of the place and dwelt feelingly upon the exciting possibilities of the future. Notwithstanding the fatigues of the Day i have sat quite late in my solitary room writing this a Cutter. There is no postal service Between hero and constantinople and letters Are sent privately to the British Consul at Varna who forwards them to the English postmaster in Pera it is a Beautiful Moonlight night and there is a hush every a there like that which precedes the storm. From my window i can heat the Low in lion awash of the swollen Danube and can see the do outlines of the turkish gunboat lying above the town. Anon it will move Down to where its mate is patrolling for russian Pontoo Niers and will steam Tew before Daybreak. I am told that the turks have thirty thousand troops Here armed mostly Wilhenry Martini Rifle. They All appear of toss leg t menu soldiers. Saw one of the Best a Recin seen in a nor a a Jiw Heads shaved in the Mussulman style with the tuft of hair on the Apex for the Angels to seize Thyra this evening that i have seen in Turkey it was composed of Sta Hurt Fellows with their _ by and lift them from the inf to fled to Paradise there is a strangeness in my Situa ion which i cannot help realizing. It is indeed ,1, that i hav. Travelled nearly seven thousand Miles Tolep Hare to night in this historic spot Tho Advance inf lion and Central Point of the great War. And under the very nose of a russian Battery. I am the on both fide american correspondent lying on this Edge of the Danube to night and that is something. I shall sleep some. I know it Fri tired and Well nigh worn out with sight set excitement. But it will not be the sleep of it gathers the drapery of ids Couch about him and lies Down to pleasant dreams for i can to of tote the unpleasant reflection that at least two of those somber gun in that russian Batter a a ver the nver Are pointing toward the second Story of the hotel Islah Hane. A a quot a a a to. The pee of the democracy of of the cause of the democracy of Ohio will be the of the people of the weat and South and it #111 be their duty to extend nil imm Simc Aid and empathy to the Banner bearers i Ohio. The peo in twin in Toto fight or Tunender to the interest. A re a be. .

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