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Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer (Newspaper) - July 04, 1877, Cincinnati, OhioYol. Xxxvi no. 49.wednesday morning july 4. 1877. Wii Ole no. 2092. The electoral fraud. Jimige j. S. Hack excoriated the infamous commission. The carpet Bagger a the Louisiana re turning boards its impudent forgeries president Grant an Pett fogging of the electoral eight a thimble rigging in the Florida cases the ration betrayed. In the North american review for july Jurige Jeremiah 8. Black appears As the contributor of an article entitle a the electoral conspiracy a which is by All Odds the most Complete eloquent and scathing exposure that has yet been made of the fraud by which Rutherford b. Hayos was foisted into the presidential chair. We regret that our space will not permit us to reprint it in full and that we must confine ourselves to the most striking passages. After briefly adverting to the indignation Felt by honest men throughout the country at the great outrage upon the rights of the people judge Black proceeds to depict the condition of affairs iii the state of Louisiana previous to the presidential election. First e describes the carpet Bagger it what the carpet Bagger is. The people would not have been wholly crushed i Glicr by the Soldier or the negro if both had not been used to fasten upon them the domination of another class of people whose Rule was altogether unendurable. These we Call carpet baggers not because the word is descriptive or euphonious but because they have no other name whereby they Are known among the children of men. They were unprincipled adventurers who sought Timeir fortunes in the South by plundering the disarmed and defenceless people some of them were the Dregs of the Federal army the meanest of the Camp followers Many were fugitives from Northern Justice the Best of them were those who went Down after the peace ready for any deed of shame that was Safe and profitable. These combining with a few treacherous a Scala wags and some leading negroes to serve As decoys for the rest and backed by the Power of the general government became the strongest body of thieves that Ever pillaged a people. Their moral Grade was far lower and yet they were much More powerful than the robber Pavuls that infested Germany after the close of the thirty years w a. They swarmed All Over the states from the Potomac to the Gulf and settled in hordes not with intent to remain there but merely to feed on the substance of a prostrate and defenceless people. They took whatever came within their reach intruded themselves into All private corporations assumed the functions of All offices including the courts of Justice and in Many Plages they even a run the by Force and fraud they either controlled All elections or else prevented elections from being held. They returned sixty of themselves to one Congress and ten or twelve of the most ignorant and venal among them were at the same time thrust into the Senate. This false representation of a people by strangers and enemies who had not even a Bona fide residence among them was the bitterest of All mock eries. There was no show of truth or Honor about it. The pretended representative was always ready to vote for any measure that would oppress and enslave his so called constituents his hostility was unconcealed and he lost no Opportunity to do them injury. The reign of anarchy. Security of life can never he counted on where property is not protected. When tiie Public authorities Wink upon theft the people Are driven by stress of sheer necessity to defend themselves the Best Way they can and that defense is Apt to be aggressively violent. Justice infuriated by popular passion often comes to its victims in a fearful shape. Disorders therefore there must have been and bloodshed and violence and loss of life though they Are not enumerated or clearly described in the reports. It is known that bands of a a regulators traversed Many parts of the state and the fact is established that seven of the Storc houses used As places of receiving stolen goods were Burnt to the ground in one night. The officers of the carpet bag government a scared for none of these they saw the struggle Between larceny and Lynch Law with As much indifference As Gal lio looked upon the controversy Between the jewish synagogue and the Christian Church at Ephesus. This horrible condition of society was caused solely by Ilie want of an honest government. But this is not nearly the worst of it if carpet baggers themselves and their special friends arc worthy of any credence at All. They testify to numerous other murders Wanton unprovoked and atrocious committed with impunity under the very eyes of their government. General Sheridan says he collected a list of 4, assassinations i perpetrated within three years. Senator Hcrman and Bis associates of the visiting committee swell this number greatly Ami add that a half the state was overrun with no Effort was made to suppress these disorders or punish the criminals. Nobody was Hung nobody tried nobody arrested. The murderers ran at Large the victims fell at the awful average of about four every Day and the Public officers quietly assented to let a the Rifle the knife the pistol and the rope do their horrible work without interruption. Are such men fit to govern a free state a fit to govern no not to live a the genesis of the returning Hoard. The wretched system of carpet bag government could not possibly last. From the first it had no real support. The native people and the honest immigrants who went there for purposes of legitimate business held it in Abhorrence and the negroes were not Long in finding out that it was a Sham and a snare. As Early As 1870, and before that the Liaina a a writing was seen on the Wall which announced that a Large and decisive majority of All the votes Black and White had determined to break up this Den of thieves. They must therefore prepare for flight or punishment unless Uliey could contrive a Way of defeating the popular will whenever mud however it should be expressed. Then the returning Board was invented. This was a machine entirely new with Powers never before Given to any tribunal in any state its object was not to return but to Supi Tesa the votes of the qualified electors or change them to suit the occasion. By the terms of the Law it can exclude suppress annihilate All the votes of a Parish for violence intimidation or fraud which it finds to have been committed and adjudged to have materially influenced Trio result of the poll. This is judicial authority so Broad that no court would consent to exercise it inflicting the fearful penalty of disfranchisement upon thousands at once without a hearing and without Legal evidence not for any offence of their own hut for the suppose d sin of others Over whom they confess edly have no control. Of course it is in direct conflict with the state Constitution which declares that All judicial Power shall lie vested in certain ordained and established courts and forbids it to be used even by them except Union trial before a jury and conviction on the testimony of credible witnesses confronted by the accused and Cross examined by counsel. It is besides a most insolent affront to the fundamental principles of All elective government for it makes the poll of the people a Mere mockery Ali in decides nothing except what the returning Board is pleased to approve and elects nobody whom the returning Board does not graciously favor. Its Power to veto a popular vote extends to All elections for every class of officers judicial legislative ministerial and executive including the electors of president and vice president. How it did its work. The Board consisted of five persons. They were originally appointed by a carpet bag Senate without end of their tenure and with Power to fill vacancies which made them a close corporation and gave them perpetual succession. To put on some show of fairness. The Law required that All parties should be represented. This was at first thought to be met by the appointment of one Democrat but when a deed of More than common baseness was to be done the Democrat was got Rit from and the other four desiring to work in secret refused to fill his place. They comprehended the situation saw the difficulty of the work before them and resolved to make it pay in something better than Mere promises of a recognition a however a generous and Wells who was their spokesman in private As in Public wrote in strict Confidence to a carpet bag senator then at Washington a letter which being condensed into Plain English Means this a a there a millions in it. See our friends and act promptly. Buy us immediately or we will sell out to the Otner Side. Talk freely to the gentleman who presents this he knows the to the hearer of the letter he explained that it was very hard work to count in the Republican candidate the democratic majority was too Large to handle he we anted to serve his party hut he would not take this Job without compensation he must have �?o$200, xxx apiece for himself and Anderson and a smaller sum for the on this basis he authorized his ambassador at Washington to negotiate with the Republican managers. At the same time he was offering himself at new Orleans to the democrats at first for half a million but afterwards proposed that he would leave in enough votes to elect or. Nicholls democratic candidate for governor if $200,000 Cash were first placed in his hands. Forging affidavits and returns. But the conspirators could not afford to vie walked of their game by the failure of the local officers to make a false charge of intimidation. These votes must be excluded per fas ant Nefas and the returning Board must do it that was what the Board was made for. The returning officers went upon. A lie p Tion of Wells. Perjury and Subo nation of a perjury entered largely into the business h a Here is hardly any species of the Crimen false the principle aut inv Niam aut facial. They made the protests which they could not find affidavits which no creature in the parishes was base enough to Hack with his oath were fabricated in the custom House and used by the Board with a full knowledge that they were Mere counterfeits. The exclusion of returns on the ground of intimidation was in every Case dishonest for in none was there a particle of evidence to justify it. When nothing else would serve the purpose they did not scruple a resort to Plain forgery. Of the return from Vernon Parish every figure on the whole Broad Sheet was altered with elaborate pains under the special direct perked Lai y any for which the Law Lias a punishment that did not become an elementary part of the great fraud which was committed when the Defeated electors and state officers of Louisiana were falsely certified As chosen by the people. President Grants complicity. Another question arises Here which the a Luse of history May answer at her Leisure is there any justification of general Grants conduct in this business within two or three Days after the election it became perfectly Well known to the whole country that in Louisiana there had been a full poll and a Large majority for the Tilden electors. No reason was suggested by any body for falsifying this result. The apprehension that it would be falsified in the return arose solely out of the fact that the election machinery of the state was in the hands of Mere knaves who were just base enough to do it and these were general Grants own knaves whom for years he had kept in their places by Lawless Force. It was then that he said no Man could afford to be president by a fraud and sent a committee to see that a True count was made. This was Fuir seem ing enough but he did not Row the Way he was looking. Every one of his committee favored the fraud and their report which he endorsed and sent to Congress we As a defence of it from beginning to end. He had supported and enforced frauds of the same kind several times before and now his troops were at new Orleans avowedly to protect the carpet baggers while they were repeating them on a Large scale. Besides when Chandler promised the fraudulent governor of Florida to Send troops and Money to that state after the election troops and Money to count the votes he declared in one of his dispatches that the president had been consulted. Still further while his party in Congress were holding up the fraud he answered the arguments ii favor of Tilden a right by ordering to the capital All the cavalry artillery and infantry within reach. Whether these circumstances be sufficient or not to convict him of participation in the fraud let the world judge. The creation of the commission. But How was the object of the conspiracy to be accomplished the House of representatives was democratic and without its consent expressed or implied in some form or another the Senate could not give effect to a false count. The first intention was to claim that the president of the Senate had rower to determine absolutely and arbitrary what electoral vote should be counted and what not. This was the great rallying joint until or. Conkling took it up and in lira speech of surpassing ability utterly de Snolis hed and reduced it to invisible atoms. It became settled therefore that the two houses must count the votes and this clearly implied the Power to inquire and determine what were votes. It could not be denied that the voice of the House of representatives was at least As potential As that of the senators and it was not supposed that the House would suffer a fraud so glaring As this to to get thrust Down the Throat of the country a against the stomach of it but if the two bodies would declare inconsistent results of tiie count and proclaim the election of different presidents a state of things might come which would subject our inst Zotigh Ger them greatly. It was in thes actors five representatives and five judges of the supreme court. The Mode of appointing them made it certain that fourteen would be equally divided Between the parties and As the fifth judge would he named by the consent of his Brethren on both sides he might be expected to stand Between them like a Days Man with a hand As heavy on one head is the other. The democrats consented to this in the belief that no seven republicans could be taken from the court or from Congress who would swear to decide the truth and then uphold a known fraud if mistaken in that opinion of their adversaries Honor they Felt sure at All events that the Umpire would lie a fair minded Man. They were bitterly disappointed the commission went eight to seven for the great fraud and All its branches for fraud in the detail and in the aggregate for every item of fraud that was necessary to make the sum total big enough eight to seven All the time. Its Pett fogging. But the decision in favor of fraud which so shocked the common sense and common honesty of the nation was not made without some attempt to justify it. The eight gave reasons so Many ail so plausible that Kellogg and Wells must have chuckled with Delight when they heard them. One argument very seriously urged was that it would he troublesome and require a great Deal of time to ascertain who was duly appointed by the people. It was much easier to accept the false vote and say no More about it. To decide How Many and what persons got certificates from the returning Board was a Short and simple process but to push the to Quiry behind that to inquire whether the certificate was honest to look for the evidence which would show who were duly appointed Hie labor hoc opus est. The seven reminded the eight but reminded them in vain that the due appointment which nobody in the world except the people had the least right to make was the very thing which they were there to find out and they could not be excused from a duty to which they were pledged and sworn by the Mere inconvenience of performing it. Besides the eight knew very Well that there was no difficulty in it it was but looking at the record of the appointment As the people made it up they could read it As they ran the truth was plainer than the lie the honesty of the Case was As easily seen As fraud. But no persuasion could influence them to cast even a glance at the actual appointment. What did they think this commission was made for Why was this great combination of learning and statecraft set up according to the eight its sole purpose was not to determine any matter in dispute Between the parties but merely to declare that the returning boards had certified for the Hayes electors which every body knew already and nobody Ever deme 1. If its object was what the Law said to decide who were duly appointed then the eight succeeded in a half ing it merely a splendid abortion because among other reasons it was too much trouble to make it any thing else. Hedging for Oregon. But the commission following the Lead of counsel for or. Hayes insisted that the certificate of the proper state officer ought to he regarded As conclusive evidence of the appointment made by the people. It is undoubtedly True that tie state has a right to speak on the subject through her own organs and when she does so speak her voice should be regarded As True. But what officer is her proper Organ the governor being her political chief and his certificate being required by act of Congress it would not have been unreasonable to hold that it was conclusive unless tainted with fraud. The Hays electors had the executive certificate tut ions to a Strain severe enough to end an circumstances that a mixed com Mission of fifteen was proposed consisting of five see or that of Congress to do what they were commanded by the Law to do that is decide who were duly appointed they would Only decide that certain persons were named As electors by a returning Board. They would not understand that the appointment lays in Louisiana and Florida and this in regard to those states gave the eight a great Legal advantage. But they threw it away abandoned the attestation of the governor As worthless claimed no Faith or credit for it and pronounced it open to contradiction no matter How honestly it May have been Given. What we As the meaning of this phenomenal ruling which apparently opened the door of investigation even wider than the democrats asked it was understood by every body. The commission was hedging for Oregon. The eight were reaching across to the Pacific for the one vote there which was just As important As the twelve on the Gulf of Mexico. But having gone behind the governors certificate for the Sake of correcting errors could there be any possible justification for stopping before the truth was reached if the head of the Commonwealth whose attestation is required by Federal Law went for nothing whenever it was contradicted How could the conclusive Ness be asserted of a paper made by subordinate officers unknown outside of the state and powerless even by the local Law to make a certificate of More than Prima Facie Validity yet the electoral commission eight to seven decided that the governors certificate might be set aside for a Mere mistake of Law or fact while that of the returning Board would stand though known to be founded on falsehood and saturated All through with corruption. The infamous eight. The eight commissioners did not Stop there. They went much further. They a practically justified and sustained All the in invite Rasca Lity of the returning boards. They not Only refused to take voluntary notice of the atrocious frauds perpetrated by them but they excluded the proofs of their corruption which the democratic counsel had in heir hands and uttered to exhibit. These commissioners choked off the evidence and smothered it As remorselessly As Wells and his associates suppressed democratic returns. And this they put on the express ground that to them it was All one whether the action of these boards was fraudulent or not. They would suffer no proof of corruption to invalidate the right claimed by a Hayes Man to put in the vote of a state for his candidate. This monstrous and unendurable outrage was resisted to the utmost. All of the seven implored and protested against it. Judge Clifford the president of the commission Laid it Down As a Maxim of the common Law that fraud vitiate whatever it touches and proved it undeniably. He might have proved More. It is not merely a Maxim of the common Law it belongs to All countries and All Ages no code can claim it exclusively it a pervades All systems of jurisprudence it has its Home in every honest heart it is the Universal sentiment of All just men it applies to All human dealings. Judge Field looked in the face of the majority and told them plainly that their disregard of this great principle was a was shocking in morals As it was unsound in Law a and added a it is elementary knowledge that fraud vitiate All a i Rocee Ings even the most solemn that no orm of words no amount of ceremony no solemnity of proceeding can shield it from exposure or protect its Structure from assault and but the eight were As deaf As adders to the voice of reason and Justice. They would not Jermit the fraud to be Hority to cover it against every attack. The eight persistently denied their Power by the people might be one thing and the action of the returning Board another or that the latter even As evidence of the former was worthless if it was fraudulent. A judicial decision disregarded in the Case of Florida there was one piece of evidence offered which not Only commended itself strongly to the consideration of just men but being supported by certain artificial rules of pleading and practice it was expected to find acceptance in the narrowest mind on the Bench. This was the record of a judicial proceeding commenced in a Florida court by a writ of quo warranty at the suit of the state upon the relation of the Tilden electors against the Hayes electors. The parties came into court and pleaded and the Issue made Between them was whether one set or the other the realtors or the defendants were duly appointed electors of president and vice president by and for the state of Florida. Evidence was taken the cause was debated by counsel on both sides and after consideration it was adjudged by the court against the defendants and in favor of the state that the realtors were duly appointed and the defendants not. This fact thus determined by the court was precisely the same fact afterwards controverted by the same parties before the commission. When submitted to the latter tribunal it was res Judicita not Only True but fixed and settled beyond the reach of contradiction. The judgment was not impeached for fraud or reversed for error. It was in full Force and virtue. It was not denied that the court which made the adjudication had entire and Complete jurisdiction both of the subject matter and of the parties. By All reason and All authority the oin Mission was bound to respect this judgment As conclusive evidence. But to have done this would have made Tilden president and Defeated the purpose of All the frauds in Louisiana and 1 Lorida both. They did not do it they allowed the judgment to have no effect at All. They but looked to see what it was and immediately swept it out of sight. They put it far from them and then proceeded to pronounce a different judgment which suited the Hayes men better. How could they break All the bars of Legal authority which fenced them about what startling Hole a lid they find to escape from the Corner into which Thev were driven and penned up by the Law of the land we shall see. State action nullified. They said the judgment of the court was too late it was pronounced after the Hayes electors had inet and made out their votes and sent them to the president of the Senate. Here were two sets of electors each claiming the exclusive right to vote for the state and both of them actually sent up their ballots. One of them was duly appointed and had the authority claimed the other set was necessarily composed of Mere pretenders who were not duly appointed and having no authority their vote was a Mere nullity. Which party was right and which wrong the conflict must be settled somehow. Where was the jurisdiction to determine it undoubtedly and by Universal admission the Power was in the courts of the state from which both claimants professed to derive . The proper state court did determine it hut the commissioners said that however competent the jurisdiction of the court it was too late in making its decision and then they proceeded in the exercise of a jurisdiction exactly similar to decide the same questions of fact and Law the other Way. Now comes the query if the courts decision was worthless because it was late what was the value of the commissions judgment which was later the eight did actually not in words but in substance and effect give vent to the Bald Absurdity that it was too late in january to decide the dispute in favor of Tilden but not too late in february to decide it in favor of Hayes. Frauds under the forms of Law. In All the discussions of the subject the men disposed to favor the conspiracy professed a most profound veneration for the a forms of this was the key note struck at new Orleans by the visiting a committee and it is heard in every subsequent argument of counsel and commissioner on that Side. It seemed to be understood among them that a formal cheat was perfectly Safe from exposure. If the sepulchre was whited on the outside it made no difference that it was filled with a corruption dead menus Bones and All no Refuge of lies could be swept away no hiding place of falsehood could Ever be uncovered if it was built in the prescribed form. Only give it the Legal shape and the overflowing Scourge would be turned aside. But Legal form however valuable As a covering for fraud was in their judgment no Protection for truth or Justice or Public right. The will of Louisiana was a pronounced at the election with All the solemnities required by the Law of the state and of the United states. The appointment of the Tilden electors on the 7th of november was a perfectly Legal piece of work there was not a flaw in the record of it As it came from the hands of the appointing Power. But it was looked on with perfect contempt. Neither the visiting committee nor the Hayes counsel nor the eight commissioners bestowed on it any of their love. Their affections were otherwise engaged they gave the homage and Devotion of their hearts to the Beautiful regularity the exquisite precision with which the returning Board compounded its false certificate. Ineligible electors recognized. Perhaps nothing shows More plainly the animus of the eight commissioners than the determination they made upon the Case of Brewster ineligible elector in Louisiana. Keep in mind that their defined duty was to decide who were duly appointed and what votes were provided for by the Constitution and think How they performed it in this part of the Case. Brewster was not Only Defeated at the polls like the rest he was beside a Federal office Holder and the Constitution expressly declares that no such person shall be appointed an elector. But for the purpose of electing or. Hayes his vote was Worth As much As All the others. To get that vote for their candidate they were required to go further than they went for any of the rest and so they held 1. That the certificate of the returning Board was prop Rio Rig Ore an appointment. 2. That it was a due appointment though corrupt and dishonest. 3. That it was a vote provided for by the Constitution. Though the Constitution in Plain words provided against it. The full extent of the outrage. After All there was but one question before the commission had the american a right to elect their own chief Magiste ? they had the right. Their ancestors struggled for it Long fought for it often and won it fairly. Being imbedded in their con Tion it can not be destroyed except by i. E stong enough to overthrow the organic Structure of the government itself. Legislative enactments or judicial decisions Are powerless either to strengthen or impair it. The legerdemain of Law draft the catches of special pleading the practice do not help us to decide a matter like this. A great nation must not he impaled upon a pins Point. Precedents which might bind a court of Quarter sessions determining the settlement of a pauper can not tie up the hands of the supreme legislature defending a fundamental fight of the whole people. When Grenville in 1766, cited the authority of divers cases to show that America might he taxed without representation Pitt answered a i come not Here armed at All Points with the statute Book doubled Down in dogs ears to defend the cause of Liberty. I can acknowledge no veneration for any procedure Law or ordinance that is repugnant to reason and the first principles of our Constitution. I rejoice that America has so spoke the defiant Friend of our race in the presence of a hostile parliament ten years before the declaration of Independence. And now after this Long interval of time we behold our greatest rights the right on which All other rights depends successfully assailed in our own Congress with the same Small weapons that Grenville used. If brute Force had crushed it out we might have born the calamity with fortitude but to see it circumvented by knavery and Pett fogged to death is too much to be endured with any show of patience. If the majority of that commission could but have realized their responsibility to god and Man if they could Only have understood that in a free country Liberty and Law Are inseparable they would have been enrolled among our greatest benefactors for they would have added strength and grandeur to our institutions. But they could not come up to the height of the great subject. Party passion so benumbed their faculties that a fundamental right seemed nothing to them when it came in conflict with some argument supported by artificial reasoning and drawn from the supposed analogies of technical procedure. The Constitution was in their judgment outweighed by a void statute and the action of a corrupt returning Board. Let these things be remembered by our children a children and if the friends of free government shall Ever again have such a contest let them take care How they leave the decision of it to it a tribunal like that which betrayed the nation by in throwing the great fraud of 1876. J. S. Black. A Romance of a Rio Horn. Balloons Fob military purposes. Not Long since in London m. A. 8. Menier the inventor of the military hot air balloon delivered a lecture on the subject. He explained at length the results of his investigations into Dieteren t systems. His aim was to find a balloon which would ascend and descend rapidly for a prolonged period could be 8\pered. And would proceed if possible against the wind. The result of his inquiries is the military hot air balloon which has been for the past eighteen months under examination by the War office authorities at Woolwich rejecting Hydrogen Gas As an inflating medium because it could not be generated in the air and escaped very freely compressed air for the same reason and mechanical Torce As cumbrous and unworkable he chose hot air because although it requires greater cubical capacity the material employed for the balloon need not be specially prepared and is therefore lighter and less liable to spontaneous combustion. By employing a special kind of fuel the balloon can be kept in the air for Twenty or Twenty five hours while considerable changes in the density of the air and consequent rapid ascents and descents Are rendered easy. To his balloon which is spherical in shape m. Menier affixes wing3 All around except in front and a tail behind managed by the aeronaut acts As a rudder. The inventor claims that his balloon can be made to travel against some contrary winds and when this is not practicable that it will tack to and fro like a ship. He besides urges that under his system of inflation the balloon can easily Rise to any required Altitude and that therefore when an Adverse wind is blowing on the surface of the Earth it will Only be necessary to Rise above it and travel in the favourable current Likely then to be reached or to go higher still into the Calm regions usually found at a height of from 2.000 to 3,000 Yards. Two Small balloons were used to illustrate the lecture and one after ascending perpendicularly was made by altering the rudder to Rise at an Angle of about forty five degrees. It then unfortunately slipped Loose and rising to the top of the Hall could not be brought Down while the Oiler got out of order. M. Meier however assured his audience that his scheme had been tried successfully at Brussels and he read very favourable reports from the Engineer and la lode Prudance beige in proof. The Meek de Troiter. Detroit free press there Are Sonte Meek faced and tender hearted men in this City of Detroit. There is one in particular who owns a House and lot in the Eastern part of the City. Another citizen whose face does no to betray meekness owns a vacant lot next to him and a few Days ago he wanted to buy the Meek faced Man out and build a factory covering both lots. The figures were too High and he went away feeling mad and revengeful. Coming across a showman who wanted to set up his tent and exhibit a wild Man and other interesting specimens of life and death he gave him the free use of the vacant lot. It was stipulated that a hand Organ should be kept going Bells rung now and then and if the wild Man uttered yells occasionally so much the better. When the Meek faced citizen saw the tent put up a tender forgiving smile crossed his face and he made for a printing office. About the time the showman was ready to open the doors to the anxious Public the Meek faced citizen was ready with his signs and tuck Hammer. A a gentlemen walk in and see the great Kickapoo Kangaroo from Kalamazoo a said the showman. Quot tack tack a and up went a sign on the Fence Reading quot look out for Small pox quot a second and third followed and the Meek faced Man was putting up the fourth when the showman closed a bargain with a truck to move him Down town. He Wasny to Over fifteen minutes packing and loading and when the lot was Clear again the Meek faced citizen sat on his door step and mused quot he who wants to sell out let him sell and 1 wonder How much ahead they Are a the death of n Young cal citroen a the hands Oflyn Diann in that wonderful Wihler Newm a hon born fight with overwhelming number a Tell tale Imio Zograph a. Turk Kwh cavalry in 1828. The horses especially those of the Asiatic spa his were Small but fiery Well broken capable of enduring fatigue and privations. The kurdish and cappadocian horses were accustomed to be picketed and to Bear the mid Day heat and the Midnight cold. They were Only watered once a Day and kept in condition without Barley when fed on the coarsest fodder. The Light and easy fitting Palau or Saddle made of Felt remained on their backs Day and night so that the horseman was ready at any moment to m it unt. The bit was very severe for so Well broken an animal and was intended to Stop the horse suddenly in mid career or to wheel him round in a moment. The bar of the bit was often five or six inches Long and in Stead of the eur Chain there was a ring. The round shoe was admirably suited to its purpose. The steel was forged cold was thin and Light lasted five or six weeks and protected the Hoof admirably on Stony ground. Although they use no croppers the turkish horseman rides Down the most precipitous places covered with Brushwood or Trees at full in 1828-29�?von Moltke. _ _ a gentleman who has spent Many years in the far West and has travelled extensively through it does not take the Rose coloured View of its future indulged in by some enthusiasts. In his opinion the states of Colorado and Nevada which Are states Only in form and the territories of Wyoming Dakota Montana Idaho Utah new Mexico and Washington will never attain nor can they support an aggregate population of More than 1,400,000, or about one fourth the population of the state of new York. He bases his estimate on the Scarcity of Fertile lands the difficulty of obtaining water the presence of in tillable Mountain ranges arid desserts a. In his opinion each territory by maxing the most of its mining and farming resources May require population sufficient to entitle it to admission As a state but not one is Likely to Ever have More than a single member of Congress kept in the Senate the relative Power of the sign Erial correspondence Chicago times 1 fort Fetterman Wyoming june 18.�?having a desire to visit the a unknown Region of the big your correspondent left thik place on the 30th of april with a party of thirty five Montana and Colorado men. Under the leadership of quot dad Fairweather. An of it Ami experienced Miner. Our Trail from Here to old fort Reno was the same that general Reynolds travelled with the third cavalry Ono year since when in Pursuit of crazy horse and although it stormed out Little upon us it was enough to give us a pretty Good idea of what Reynolds and his men suffered upon that terrible March which general Crook was pleased to say last Winter in Cheyenne was Barren of result although he freely admitted that the indians were badly crippled and their entire Village together with All their meats Robes ammunition and Tepee destroyed. We reached old Reno on the evening of May 2, and camped on the opposite Side of the River where we remained until the morning of the 1th, and nothing worthy of notice occurred Here. We struck the site of old sex East and West will not therefore be thinks be Murk changed in the Huttt fort Phil. Kearney on the 9th, and decided to go direct to Cloud Peak and this too without giving thought to the mountains of Snow which Laid piled in our path and which must melt before our party could reach its destination. We found the Snow from ten to Twenty feet deep in the mulches and that in our desire to lie among the first in this new country we were a Little too Hasty As the Snow will not melt before the latter part of july. After leaving the mountains and striking into the foot Hills we travelled very slowly to let our horses pick up and in fact we had no object in moving rapidly for we had formed no plans regarding our future movements. Some wanted to go one Way and others another. So upon the whole we concluded to keep on slowly iii the direction we were then travelling for a few Days thinking we might run across the a Roberts party a who we supposed were thed in the mountains to the West of us. On the evening of the 25th, two of our party who had been out Hunting came into Camp and reported that they had heard firing All the afternoon and that they believed that some one was Corral de by the hos tiles and also that they had struck two different trails leading in the direction of the firing and that neither of them apparently was two hours old. Guards were posted and we turned in Early fully expecting that our Aid would be needed in the morning and As fully determined that we would give it and on the right Side. Early morn found us in the Saddle moving As rapidly As our blundering guides permitted. About nine of clock we heard a number of shots to our right about a half mile Distant. Putting our animals to their Best Speed we headed toward the Point of a High Bluff in the direction of the firing. We rounded the Bluff on a Lead run and came immediately in View and in Contact with about thirty five indians some mounted and others on foot. We saw each other about the same moment but the Savages had a slight advantage and got in the first fire wounding one of our horses. The fight ended As suddenly As it was abruptly commenced the indians retiring in haste As they usually do when getting the worst of it. Up to this time we had been unable to discover what had caused the firing. Moving to Wiere we had first seen the redskins we found five dead ponies and in e Little Gully still further on three dead indians. Knowing that this was not our work As the bodies were cold and had evidently been dead for hours we commenced searching for the men or Man who had made such a desperate fight. Against the face of the Bluffs three Hundred Yards away was a pile of rocks covering perhaps fifty or sixty Yards in space and As this seemed the most probable place for an attacked party to take shelter we moved in that direction. When within Twenty or thirty Yards of the rocks to halted and called to whoever might to get there to come out but receiving no answer or. Travis formerly of your City and myself moved on the rocks in Advance of the party. Dismounting and hitching our horses to the Brush we walked into this natural fortress. The first thing that attracted our attention was a dead horse with the Saddle and bridle still on. Pausing Only a moment we pressed on looking for the rider. Ten or a dozen Steps further on we found him found him but that was Afi for he was beyond All human Aid. He bore upon every ligament of his countenance the Marks of rank intellectuality and manhood. The dead hero was about Twenty six or Twenty seven years of age of splendid physique with dark hair and Mustache stained with his brain blood. There he Lay resting on his right Side with his head resting As though by Chance upon a Stone As though god himself had Laid him there in All his glory. There Laid this silent hero who for two eventful desperate Days single handed had fought abandon desperate Savages and vainly scanned the Plains and canons for Aid. God Only knows what this silent Western Sentinel thought. He viewed death from the beginning As inevitable As no Man could withstand such an attack and from the evidence before us we know that the struggle had been As terrible As Custer s last fight Oil the Little Horn. Thirteen wounds proved it beyond All doubt. The right hand of this Brave stranger held that which in All probability his gaze had rested upon when the death rattle sounded in his Throat the picture of a very handsome Young lady taken by a cottage 1 Grove Avenue Chicago photographer. Attached to this picture was a lock of Light Silky hair tied with a Small piece of Blue ribbon and written upon the Back was the following verse for deep in his heart where the shadows fall is the grave of a love that is past recall and Ever a face Rose wreathed and fair will Rise from the shadows to haunt him there. Whether this lady was wife sister or sweetheart we could not Tell but it was very evident that his last thoughts on Earth were of her. Written at the Bottom of the picture was the name a Mamie a and again in a Plain Gold ring taken from his Finger was engraved quot to Mamie Ami opposite the word we buried this stranger at Sunrise the following morning under the Shade of a Mountain Pine close to where he died. The picture and lock of hair were buried with him. No head Board Marks his resting place but before leaving the grave one of a v the party Cut in deep letters on the tre j Mamie Friend i i killed May 26, i 1877. He rests unkept in an unknown grave like hundreds of other Brave men who have died in the mountains and whose relatives never know their Fate. The property belonging to this person consisting of a Gola watch and Chain a fourteen Pound Sharps Rifle Silver plated Smith amp Wesson six shooters die Ana bridle and $183 in currency will be left with or. John Collins Post Sutler. Fort Laramie subject to the order of friends who must furnish ample proof that they Are the rightful claimants. Two Days after this sad event we met Roberts and party on their Way to Fetterman. They had tried All the passes but found it impossible to get through on account of Snow. They had some Rich pieces of Gold bearing Quartz which they bad found on deep Creek and were confident that there Are Rich mines both Quartz and Pleeter in the big Horn. The specimens that i saw were very Rich and seated to be entirely free of Galena and baser metals the separation of which from Silver and Gold have been the source of so much perplexity in Utah Colorado and Montana. The majority of both parties will return to the mountains As soon As the Snow disappear is \ a shocking gun Accident has occurred al fast a Ley a few Miles from Southampton. Captain st John Hughes a retired army officer was out shooting on saturday with a double barrelled Breech loader and on his return placed the gun a in the Library forgetting that one of the had not been drawn or fired. He was called a Way from the House and on his return found Bis son William aged eight years lying dead on the Library floor. It appeared that the boy and two Brothers had gone to the Library As was the father said their usual custom an hour before dinner and that the elder brother although he had always been cautioned not to touch the guns took up the Breech loader and pointing it at the deceased saying. Quot Billy i am going to shoot a Pulle l the cock a Little to make it. It the other child said at the inquest snap. The gun went off. And killed 1 the boy instantly. Ati inquest was held Yeste when a verdict of accidental death was Actu the Coroner saying that it was rather a Case of get illness than negligence on the father s path

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