Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer in Cincinnati, Ohio
22 Aug 1877

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Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer in Cincinnati, Ohio
22 Aug 1877

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Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer (Newspaper) - August 22, 1877, Cincinnati, OhioVol. Xxxviii no. 4.wednesday Moi Nino August 22. 1877. Whole no. 2098. J. To bldg a career. Cwm a Etta own mph to a the Aires to Darlng beginnings of the now great operator How he held Pom Mich of a Tannery and How the a Alvaton of a Railroad sprang from a flirtation. New York graphic the Early history of Jay Gould a very Little known by the Public. Yet it la full of remarkable episodes that prove him to to an extraordinary Nan quite apart from the accidents of life and How that he a one who makes events not one it who is entirely controlled by them. He dabbles in leather. Jay Gould was born in Rensselaer county in Telb 8tate. He has published a Book giving the history of that county and containing some biographical details. He was it seems in Early life a look peddle an Engineer and a Speculator in a Small Way. Ills first important introduction into business affairs was through the Well known leather Tannery of general Zadock Pratt who had made a Fortune in the state of new York in tanning leather but when the Chestnut Trees became scarce in his native state he moved to Galesburg. Pennsylvania and there established a Large Tannery. Here Gould became acquainted with him. It seems he had mentioned Pratt very pleasantly in his Book and the old gentleman took rather kindly to the Young adventurer. Indeed go uld is represented As having a strange Power of fascination. During Bis career even before he became known he has been Able to interest some of the leading men in the different kinds of business in which he has been engaged. He once said to a Friend this was in Early life a there is no difficulty about getting acquainted with any one you please. You have Only to seek their acquaintance and interest yourself in their business. It is quite As easy to know noted and Rich people As it is to know poor upon this theory Gould Lias acted All his life. His first Conquest so far As known was old general Pratt whom he induced to take a kind of partnership in his business although without any proprietary interest. While in this position he persuaded Pratt to make a great in airy speculative ventures. Chance finally brought Gould to new York where he became acquainted with the firm of Loup amp Lee leather dealers in the swamp. Lee had just returned from Europe having been in bad health. He and Gould soon formed a very intimate acquaintance. Pratt had in the mean time become suspicious and wished to get rid of his associate. But the Tannery had become involved and he could not free himself. Here Gould a ingenuity manifested itself. He induced Loup amp Lee to add Vanee the Money to buy this Tannery representing that he held a one third interest and As the Story runs he secured the remaining one third interest in the Tannery the two thirds advanced by Loup amp a Ltee being sufficient to pay for the whole property. A partnership of course resulted. Gould then being a member of the firm and on Pennsylvania soil his signature committed his partner. Immediately he launched out in his daring schemes. He bought another Tannery at Fonda new York and still another in a different part of Pennsylvania. He went into All kinds of enterprises but hero was brought to Light the curious limitations of this strange and Strong Many a Genius. He had no head for details. He knew nothing of the obligations he assumed and could never Tell what became of the Money he a pent. Being without the education of a bookkeeper he had none of the sense which even Small store Kem it ers have of knowing How their accounts stand. For a time All went swimming but finally the Large sums Attiat were drawn upon the firm of Loup a Lee in new York caused alarm. Bills were presented for 81,000 and $5,000, and no account was Ever rendered of the expenditures. Or. Charles m. Loup who was a merchant of High standing sensitive to his Honor accustomed to old fashioned ways and who although not a Book keeper himself had a natural fondness for balance sheets and liked to he Able to account for his finances was really distressed and alarmed. He sent a bookkeeper to the Tannery at Galesburg to investigate the affairs of the firm in that Quarter. The Man of figures was puzzled and confounded. He copied every document he could Lay his hands on but there was neither head nor tail beginning nor end to Jay Gould a accounts. One thing however. Was certain the firm had become tremendously involved and it was doubtful whether the new York House was not insolvent on account of Jay Gould a eccentric and daring speculations. For st seems that in addition to what he did in Pennsylvania he had persuaded the Junior partner. Lee to embark in All manner of outlandish ventures. If these turned out Well they would have realized immense sums of Money but if they turned out badly Complete ruin must result. Among other things a Coiner was gotten up on hides. Not Only was All the hides in new York bought up but All that were expected to arrive within six months were purchased in Advance. A Corner was also gotten up on sole leather. Altogether things seemed to be in such a state that when or. Loup obtained a glimpse of the entanglement he became fairly bereft of reason. His Enterprise brings Forth a suicide. A person who was present tells the Story of a remarkable interview with Jay Gould. Or. Loup the honorable Stern merchant who had been deluded into these unheard of ventures whose name had been used by Gould for speculative purposes was beside himself with rage and excitement. Jay Gould remained cold Calm collected betraying no uneasiness of manner although compelled to listen u a terrible outburst of Wrath from the merchant. The English language was ransacked for epithets with which to characterize his conduct the interview terminated by Gould turning upon his Heel and leaving the office without saying a word. That night Charles m. Loup shot himself. He was the owner of what is now known As the Barretta mansion at the Corner of Twenty fifth Street and Madison Avenue. This is a it Day in All probability the finest private House in new York except the Stewart mansion and is certainly the Best constructed. It was built by Days work without regard to expense and Cost. In those Low priced times 8150,000. The furniture was the finest Ever placed in any mansion up to that time in new York while the pictures and statuary were As rare As Money could Purchase. Had Loup lived it is believed that Gould s ventures would have come out All right and that he would have netted an immense Fortune instead of losing As he feared for finding that Loup was alarmed Gould had arranged with congressman Alley of Massachusetts to take the whole property off loupes hands. Had Loup consented alleys relationship with the administration during the civil War would have enabled him to realize immense profits by contracts with the government. It was in 1859 when Loop committed suicide. He left three daughters All iii Bly accomplished Young ladies. Two of these girls Are now in Europe teaching music and making a living for themselves. The youngest daughter was adopted into the family of or. William b Arnold a merchant in this City. The death of Loup was the temporary ruin of Jay Gould. All the property to Gould a credit was on the Hooks of the firm. In winding up the estate enough was found for the creditors but there was nothing for Gould. On the death of Loup the Only Chance for Gould to save himself was in getting actual posses lion of the Tannery at Galesburg and there Bis Genius for coups first manifested itself. There was amp race Between him and the surviving partner Lee to obtain actual Possession and two gangs of men literally fought tor the Tannery. But jul Ould s generalship was Superior to that of Lee he succeeded in holding the place and in the subsequent Legal proceedings he of course had the advantage Over his rival by being in Possession. But the vast affairs of Loup Lee amp Gould were not enough for the latter. He went into another Enterprise of his own. He secured an old charter which bad been utilized for manufacturing Patent leather in new Jersey and induced a Well known gentleman in Newark named Wilson to become president several other persons were associated in the management and Gould agreed to put in a certain sum of Money. He borrowed from Lee 16,000, and with the borrowed Money made his first instalment never expecting to pay in any More. The affairs of this concern Aid not Prosper and about the time that Loup committed suicide the partners in tie Patent leather company called upon Gould for an additional assessment. Of course to had no Money and was liable to lose Bia investment. Here again his daring Genius came into play and one morning before the other partners came to the store in Newark Gould had employed a gang of men to crowbar the Safe of the company out on the sidewalk la this Safe. It appears were the private securities of the other members of the firm. Fortunately for Gould a partners there we a some delay and they arrived on the ground before the Safe was opened or taken away. Ills boldness however. Intimidated the others Auti they agreed toa settlement by which Gould got Hli Money out of the concern instead of paying an additional assessment. But at this time a was a a a trapped a and All his magnificent schemes had come to naught. In his visits to new York Gould had stopped at the Everett House. Occupying a Back mom he noticed in on adjoining window a very pretty Young lady. He was then a Young Man and fully alive to the tender passion and seeing this pretty girl very often he took the Liberty of bowing to her. She returned his salutation and a flirtation ensued out of the Back windows of the adjoining houses. The acquaintance begun at the Back part of the House was continued by a Chance meeting to the front. The lady proved to be the daughter of a Well known merchant a or. , in his time stood High in mercantile circles in this City. Gould fairly Wou the lady and a be married him without the knowledge of her father. This occurred shortly after the Loup catastrophe. After a time her father became reconciled and having a shrewd son in Law unemployed on Bis hands he sent him to take charge of the rens Selear and Saratoga railway which connects Troy with Saratoga. The Road was then under a Cloud and its securities were Selling for a few cents on the Dollar. Here Jay Gould a Genius thoroughly displayed itself. The bankrupt Road under his vigorous management by his bargains with connecting lines and his encouragement of local and through traffic grew to be valuable property. With the help of his father in Laws Money by Means of his own quot Cheek a and what Little Means he himself had he secured All the Stock and Bonds of the bankrupt Road. Ills first dealings with Vanderbilt occurred at this time. While he paid no one else More than five cents on the Dollar for the securities of the Rensselaer and Saratoga Road Vanderbilt cornered him and compelled him to pay fifteen cents. He said then that be would get even with Vanderbilt and those who remember his later history will recall How frequently he has endeavoured to fulfil his threat in Western Union and Erie when he issued the convertible Stock. But it is believed that up to his death Vanderbilt was still ahead in tie various tussles Between the speculative giants. At All events the final result was that Gould succeeded in Selling the property he had acquired and cume to new York with 8750,000 in solid Money. He met a Friend Here at a hotel and spoke of his intention of going into Wall Street. He was advised of course not to do any thing of the kind but he did go into Wall Street and the same Friend was afterwards astonished i hear that he was one of the owners of the Erie railway. His subsequent history is tolerably familiar and his Rej Petiton of seizing the Safe in the Case of the Union Pacific Road will he recalled together with his getting Possession of the Tannery factory and the Safe of the Patent leather factory in Newark. In truth Jay Gould has More nerve and Pluck than any Man who Ever entered Wall Street. He has Good common sense hut he is to this Day careless of his accounts and it is understood by his friends that he has no Means of knowing How much or How Little he is Worth. His Alliance with Fisk was fortunate for him As Fisk had those aggressive obtrusive qualities which Gould lacked. He could plan and scheme while Fisk could execute and of course their Book keepers could keep them informed about their Complex business affairs. It is understood that mrs. Gould is a very estimable lady and is now the Mother of a Large family. Gould it is said has amply provided her with Means to insure her against the risks of his very risky business. The ntar14 mansion. The robber governor. More Serreta of the North Carolina in Vrstal Galvin Moses ton fess Long to half a million of bribe Money the True Law sadness of the Bond conspiracy coming to Light trouble ahead for the state official. The ancient Home of the hero of Ben a Quirton. New York evening Post a Road nearly opposite leads up under the Shade of Forest Trees to the venerable mansion. The country All about is sprinkled with Chestnut Trees Many of them of Gigantic proportions made most noticeable just then by being in full Bloom so that every one stood out in its Yellowish White Garn iture against the prevailing Green. Guarding the Entrance to the antique House Are two or three aged sycamores elms and an immense Walnut tree. The Yard in front is dotted with ornamental shrubs venerable lilacs and syringas and a Ca Talpa or two in Flower and the old fashioned Garden covering so much space at one Side of the House and extending away to the Field is a place for a Lover of the irregular and unusual and unmolested style in shrubbery and Flowers to revel in Cherry Trees Pear Trees peach Trees Apple Trees in clumps or singly scattered every where a wilderness of hollyhocks a Patch of Tansy gradually and insidiously extending its domains a fringe of Southern Wood in the neighbourhood of Garden vegetables and the Day lilies and lilies of the Valley thriving and enlarging their Borders without restraint. The House makes no pretentious to being a a mansion a but it Lias a dignified and hospitable look and is Roomy and Homelike a sort of nipped roof with three Gables on the front slope and an old style porch projecting beyond the front door give this country dwelling an antique and aristocratic air. It was in reality originally meant for the use of the farm hands the family of major Stark living in a neighbouring town where he was in mercantile business hut in the course of events it became the permanent residence of the latter and is now the Home of his Only living child Charlotte a lady advanced in years who is a fit representative of an heroic race proud of her lineage cherishing the mementos of Olden time and preserving unchanged the House of her father of which she is the genial and courteous mistress. Inside the House. The rooms Aro by no Means imposing but Are very cosy Home like and attractive with their deep panelled window seats so suggestive of a comfortable Retreat wherein to enjoy a favorite Book. In the pleasant sitting room and in the Hall which has the ancient bulls Eye Glass Over the outer doors Are a Large number of beautifully mounted Birds shot on the place Fine specimen carefully prepared and arranged by a member of the family who has Gre t skill As a taxidermist and the Little Library contains japanese articles sent Over by some of the Stark relatives who wore once engaged in Trade with the East portraits and relics. More interesting however than any thing else Are the favorite Cane of general Stark and the family portraits. The Cane which is of whalebone with an Ivory head and a Silver band for the inscription was presented to him in commemoration of his bravery at fort William Henry and was the one with which he always walked having it shortened once to better accommodate his height after he had begun to stoop with age until finding its weight an inconvenience he gave it to his son the major whose daughter has carefully preserved it. Among the portraits Are one of commander Winslow taken in Italy and two very handsome and Noble looking Young women dressed in excellent taste in the style of a generation ago being two of the daughters of major Stark our hostess herself and her sister who recently died miss Harriet both taken by Jane 8tuart when she and her sister were in the practice of their inherited Art. Under their fathers supervision in Boston. That of Harriet was taken to order but the likeness of Charlotte was surreptitiously transferred to the Canvas while she. Unconscious of what was taking place waited in the studio. Both Are elegant specimens of portraiture and show great skill in the daughter of Gilbert Stuart. The chief treasure on the Walls is a portrait of general Stark done in his old age by prof. 8. F. B. Morse of electric Telegraph celebrity which Stark a venerable grand daughter who remembers his looks perfectly pronounces the Best Ever taken and says that most of the engravings Are almost caricatures. It is an heroic face the keen eyes under brows knit in thought indicate Resolution and intrepidity and the whole cast and build of countenance and feature Are those of a Strong self reliant shrewd courageous Man. The Burks Are extensive landowners and the lady who represents the family in Dunbarton gave a Small tract for the site of a protestant episcopal Church which through the generosity of another of the name was built a few years since. It a called 81. Johns and la not far from the mansion. It a used or the accommodation of the few per Aona of that denomination in the neighbourhood and the strangers adjourning there for the summer. Dunbarton la in the South Cental part of new Hampshire not far from the capital a few Miles from any Railroad but reached by a Fine old Turnpike and the Prospect As one journeys Over the Hills going by that route is of farming country with great patches of Woodland River valleys and such Mountain Soener As greets the Eye everywhere in that state of innumerable peaks and ranges. A new planet discovered. Detroit Mich. August 17.�?the following communication was received this morning from professor Janies c. Watson of Michigan University Observatory in which he says a on the night of August 8th 1 found in the Constellation Capricorn a planet hitherto unknown. On account of the Smoky and Cloudy weather i did not succeed in observing it accurately until last night. It is now to right ascension Twenty one Honn and fourteen minutes and in declination fifteen degrees and forty seven minutes South. It shines like a Star of the tenth magnitude and is moving West and North. Michael w. Fitzpatrick at Ona time a prominent Dulsen of Nashville for a time temporary chief of police Aud three months so appointed tax Collo Etor was arrested a Clarksville. Tena., saturday. He in said 4o to Avo lust 11.200 of Tho county s funds at the Laming table. Charleston correspondence n. Y. Sun the investigating committee has resumed its secret labors even the a lionesses Are sworn to secrecy. Moses was tie first real informer and he made a clean breast of it. He was asked to account for the various sums which he had received As speaker and governor. Moses modestly estimated these at 8500,000, while the higher valuation is 8900,000�?though figures were no question bet Wen Moses Ana the committee. After calling Over the larger rums which bore heavy upon his memory he acknowledged that he a had spent it there was 825,000 in one pile which he As speaker received from United states 8enator John j. Patterson. Quot what was that for a it appears that in 1871 Moses began to tire of the retail perquisites of his position through the committee which he appointed. Besides being a candidate tor governor he was frequently cheated by his subordinates in making fair returns of Ttye bribery Money their committees made. Patterson too thought the machinery was Loose and could be made to pay a handsome Advance As Well As Aid him in his candidacy for the senators Bip. He therefore proposed to Purchase the whole privilege from Moses at one single dash get control of the committee As a systematic scheme and turn Miller himself for his own grist and that of any Democrat or Republican who had any meal to grind through the legislature. Another Large amount which Moses received stuck in his memory because he had been cheated out of a portion of it. The Republican printing company Drew two checks of 810 000 each in his favor and left them with Hardy Solo mans Bank. Solo mans paid Moses 815,000 of the proceeds and kept 85,000. Moses has been threatening to sue Solo mans for the latter Ever since he found it out. Hut the question quot what court would entertain jurisdiction a has delayed the complaint during his speaker ship Moses flooded the Market with a pay certificates a purporting to he for services rendered by attaches of the House. Hundreds of thousands of dollars of these were afloat. Any influential Republican could get one whether he had Ever been in Columbia or not. To do Moses Justice some of these he alleged to he forgeries. Jones the clerk s signature is genuine but his is not. From these certificates he derived a Large amount of Money. The Success of the committee with Moses induced them to follow up tie quot pay certificate business by calling Moses successor As speaker 8. J. Lee As the next witness. Lee is alight coloured mulatto. He was formerly a slave. My first remembrance of him was in 1807, As a witness in the Case of the United states against Crump Davis amp Arnim for running an illicit distillery. He struck Meas Aman of great self posses ion and shrewdness for his opportunities. After reconstruction he was made a member of the legislature from Aiken county and evinced such tact As a parliamentarian that he was generally called to preside in the speakers absence. This made him speaker when Moses was elected governor. He soon began to drive the most spanking team through Aiken and Augusta Georgia. This made general Elliot who prided himself on his equipage jealous. Elliot was Only a member of Congress at the time. At the next election Elliot made Lee take a Back seat and was himself made a member of the legislature and then speaker in Leeds place. Lee contented himself with a county office until last election when he ran for solicitor of the circuit and was elected. He has been several times complimented in the democratic newspapers for his dignity ability and fairness As solicitor. Tho committee keep governor Moses Well in hand since their Success in confronting him and his papers with the distinguished judge. They have him and his faithful body servant Robert installed in rooms at the Greenfield building and provided with meals from Pollack a not far from the state House so that he can he within calling distance should any of the witnesses swerve from the Pentateuch or fair books of Moses. Lee was in jail with no Hope of giving bail. He saw the Fate of a the distinguished judge a and he knew he must swear like an israelite according to tie Pentateuch. Accordingly when he was brought Forward he too made a clean breast of it. His testimony was mainly As to the pay certificates issued by himself As speaker and those issued in connection with lieutenant governor Gleaves who presided Over the Senate. He was not As lavish with these papers As Moses but told enough to keep governor Gleaves who is hiding out from Ever returning to stand his trial. The committee were so Well satisfied with the completeness of Leeds Story that they let him out of jail upon his individual recognizance upon condition that he would resign his solicitors in. Lee is now reported to he one of the leaders in the liberian exodus. In 1870, while Bowen was playing congressman from Charleston he found himself unseated and the Means of support. The High joint investigating committee irom the legislature of 8outh Caroline composed of Whittermore Swails Dennis and tim Hurley were then in session in new York overhauling Kimpton a books and enjoying a Good time at the expense of the state. Bowen saw his Opportunity. Lie had never studied Law but he had been admitted to the South Carolina Dar. Accordingly he applied to the committee to provide for his immediate necessities. They gave hint an appointment As Legal adviser to the committee with a fee of 81.000, to be paid Down by Kimpton who was providing bountifully the ready Cash for every thing the committee required. From Day to Day the investigation was deferred the books were not ready. Kimpton was a out of town a and the committee grew tired of waiting Turere was no Money in it adequate to the occasion. Bowen had brought with him from Washington a Young Man who had acted As his private Secretary while congressman. He was a shrewd fellow and As Luck would have it had a father in the employ of the american Bank note company of new York. Through this Agency Bowen discovered that the South Carolina Bonds were printed by that company. After considerable trouble he obtained from the company the amount of Bonds they Hud printed and turned Over to be signed by the state authorities. They had printed 820,040,000, and turned them Over while they had on hand subject to order 82,500,000 More. Of these 86.000,000 were a Sterling funded debt Bonds which were never issued by the authorities. The balance of 814,040,000 was what the authorities issued and what the High joint commission endeavoured to investigate. Six million dollars of these the conversion Bonds were afterwards repudiated by the legislature and the remainder with some Small deduction funded at fifty cents on the Dollar in the consolidation Bonds. Bowen revealed this omission at the time in the Charleston courier and returning to Charleston became a candidate for the legislature was elected and at the next session preferred charges for the impeachment of governor Scott touching the Bonds. The impeachment was Defeated by Money taken from the state by treasurer Parker. All of these details were Given in his testimony. Hardy Solo Manor 8125.000 Bill was ordered paid at this session and Bowen told How this was done thrice Over. It was com nosed of pay certificates. The members of the legislature had received them and receipted the treasurer for them they had been sold to Solo mans who receipted for them also and then he aggregated them in his Bill out of which he paid 880,000 to have it passed and it was paid. This haul of Parker the treasurer was equivalent to that which gave him another voucher for 190.000 in his official accounts As appears from the testimony before the committee. The Republican printing company a Bill for that amount was ordered paid by the legislature. They sold the Bill to comptroller general Neagle for 820,000 Cash. Neagle took it receipted by the company for 890,-000, to the treasurer who gave him 880,000 of Blue Ridge Railroad scrip a gaining 810,000 for himself. Upon the treasurers books the receipt of the company represents 890,000 Cash. The Blue Ridge scrip is worthless. The committee have a sure thing against 8oott, Parker. Cardoza and Chamberlain. The latter has an individual account to answer and the list of charges against the firm of Kimpton and chamber lain is the largest of the whole array. There will be requisitions for these Gentry upon the governors of Ohio and new York before very Long and it will go hard with them. Killed fear lightning �8 the dinner table. Booneville ind 8pectal to the Evansville courier information Haa just reached town of a terrible and shocking casualty resulting in the death of two persons by lightning in Skelton township this county yesterday afternoon about three o clock. It appears that the family of j. P. Garrison had taken dinner under a Shade tree in the Vard near the House and immediately after Din ner the men folks of the went to the Woods near by. And while mrs. Garrison went to a neighbors in sight on an errand leaving her son named Black and mrs. Wesley Stephens a visitor. While she was absent a storm suddenly arose and while mrs. Stephens and the boy were in the act of Clearing up the dishes the lightning struck them. Both were seen by mrs. Garrison to fall and she was hurrying Home from the neighbors House and describes the Flash of about As Long As the Arm. On reaching the spot she found both lying very near each other hut unconscious. She curried the lad into the House who lived but a few seconds while the woman Only opened her eyes and expired. Mrs. Stephens was about Twenty five Yeara of age. And leaves a husband and two children one of the latter Only six months old. The boy Block was the son of mrs. Garrison by a former husband and about thirteen years of age. Neither the bodies nor clothing were torn or broken in any Way and no Trace of the effects of the lightning could be discovered either upon the tree House or ground and it is p resumed that the dishes and cutlery upon the table attracted the electric fluid. Brigham n bad boy. The Story of John w. Youngs new a arrange a Chip off the old Block anathema sized. From the san Francisco bulletin almost every one has heard of John w. Young Brigham so a apostate son As he is termed among the gentiles because he virtually renounced the doctrine of polygamy several years ago. John w. Is the youngest child of the prophets Legal wife and is the smartest and has seen More of the outside world than any other of Brigham a children. He is a shrewd Man of business a Railroad Magnet in a Small Way and has been a Verv frequent operator in Wall Street. His Contact with the gentiles in his Long and frequent visits to the Large Eastern cities has not tended to increase his Faith in mor monism and it has Long been Well known that he remained in the Church Only for the emoluments which his fathers position afforded him. Of course these privileges including the handling of the Church tithing were very convenient hut otherwise he had no belief in the doctrines of this Gigantic religious fraud. Like the majority of prominent mormons John w. Embraced polygamy but for several years he has been a Monog Amist. His first wife was from Philadelphia and it was while on a visit to her relatives that be met the woman for whom he discarded both first and second wives. He was a handsome attractive Man and she a dashing Young widow and it seems it was a desperate Case of love at first sight. She knew very Well about his matrimonial entanglements As his first wife was her own Cousin but that did not prevent her accompanying him to Utah under Promise to marry after their arrival if he would discard his other wives which was accordingly Dono. This Young woman Libby Cutfield As she is familiarly termed exercised so potent an influence Over John w. As to induce him to marry her in an Eastern Church according to the episcopal rites after he had obtained mormon divorces and it is said that he solemnly promised her never to marry again during her lifetime. But she had no scruples in influencing him to desert the others for her and now she in turn has been set aside for a fairer and More Youthful Consort. Despite his vows to remain always True to her John a. Has taken another wife and quot under circumstances watch make a the relations of the Young family a Little More mixed up than they were before. Rumor Lias it that Johnny was compelled to again a live his religion a in order to sati by those Good saints who were in doubt in regard to his piety and who do not want an a a apostate As second head of the Church but those who Are better informed do not hesitate to say that the charms of the new Bride have overthrown his allegiance to the Rathe Passee Libby Canfield. Robert Lytton says that a Gay youth loves Gay certainly our experience shows that the House of Young the older it grows loves younger brides and the rising generation Are not behind their elders in this particular. Joseph a., the oldest son of Brigham who died a year or two since left several widows although like John he had been practically a Monog Amist for a number of years having lived Only with his fourth and favorite wife Clara Stenhouse a daughter of mrs. Stenhouse who is lecturing against mormonism. Clara is the Only member of her family that still clings to this religion and she is so bigoted and fanatical that for a Long time after her parents apostate sized she refused to even speak to them and treated them with the utmost contempt. She was married to Joseph a. When Only a child and is still Youthful and very attractive possessing a great Deal of her mothers Well known French finesse and Savity of manner. Some time ago it was rumoured that Johnny had suddenly become very religious and evinced an ardent desire to follow the spiritual teaching of a taking his dead brother s widow to wife a but Libby created such a juror that the idea was instantly abandoned and nobody imagined that Johnny would have the temerity Ever to broach the subject again. When Joseph a. Died Brigham assumed the management of his affairs transferred All the property to himself and has doled out a very meager support to the widows who have shown signs of Tjien rebellion. In order to propitiate Clara and Nave one More off his hands the old Man has favored her marriage to Johnny and it is principally through his instrumentality that it has finally taken place. Brigham also had another and a very powerful reason for getting Johnny entangled again in tie chains of polygamy. The Monog Amic course lost him the Confidence of Agiert Many Good saints and reflected upon the prophets government in not being Able to control those of his own household and his return to the fold Only shows that his a heart was right All the time quot but he had been led astray temporarily by one of the daughters of Babylon. This is saintly reasoning and Johnny will profit by it to the extent of having his credit restored among the saints full swing of the tithing exchequer and a Young Bride into the bargain. The last of the chartists. Nome facts about mermaids. A Ucris quot in puck the Mermaid is a Young lady who lives in the sea. Why she lives in the sea in preference to dry land is not so Clear unless it saves rent. A Mermaid is very careful of her costume which consists chiefly of her hair and never goes out without an umbrella to protect it in Case of rain. At Home these people have conveniences and comforts not possessed by Ordinary mortals conspicuous among which Are their excellent water privileges. They have water up and downstairs. And in the basement and a Wash room in every Corner of the House. They Are brought up to go in swimming whenever they please. Sometimes a resplendent creature will sit at the piano and sing a Mother May i go out to swim a and then climb upon the mantelpiece and take a plunge before the old lady can say a yes my Darling a amp a. 1 do not know what they do for a livelihood unless they take in washing but it can not be denied that they get along swimmingly. They Are never troubled with the dust which is another advantage of being a Mermaid and they Are never obliged to water the Flowers except in the very driest season. They Are very neighbourly and it is Seldom you will see the pump handle chained Down to keep others from using the water. The old lady Mermaid is careful of her children a health and May often be heard to say a Mary Ann you and Becky Jane fetch Gallie Hamilton pish right in the House this instant. The Fust thing you la know you la get your feet wet and then you la be howling around with the croup a there is a great Deal of unwritten history connected with the Mermaid which ought to be supplied. Like other maids they sometimes betray unsuspecting Young men. One of them fell in love with Leander if you remember and o in Day when he was taking a swim she approached him and without an introduction she insisted upon him accompanying her Home. 8he was very Beautiful and Leander did not make a great kick against going. According to or. Hood who was a gentleman whose word could not be questioned she bundled him up in her embrace Ana took him along. It was a bad move for Leander. He Wasny to used to the climate into which he was being hurried and he lasted about As Long As it would take you to say a Granny quot without any punctuation Marks or any thing else to delay you. There was no Coroner on hand to hold an in Auest on the drowned boy hut had there been a Lear Case could have been made out against the love sick Mermaid. Could have bean made out Mark you. There is no telling what the jury would have returned. It a More than Likely however that the verdict would have been a we. The a it pc cd a quot find thet the deceased came to his death by being kicked in the stomach by a mule not knowing that the same wee it waa a peculiarly Aad Case. Leander had left a Young Bride on Shore the frae waiting his return with warm al see on her lip and hot Bia Cuita on thi store. F. S. If Yon do not think of it before please a lop the preen to Eay that Mermaid do not a Bow gum. Death of John Frost the intr Lreh of English ill eventful a a Reers one of the leaders in the Newport riot of 1839. London Telegraph August after life a fitful fever old or. John Frost the a chartist a who has just died at Stapleton near Bristol May sleep Well since the patriarch of modern English radicalism was in his ninety sixth year. The ancient Tribune of the people Haa been Long forgotten yet his career presents in More than one respect a theme worthy of attentive study. Its main lines May be briefly and plainly marked out John Frost had been originally in Trade hut in the year 1839, the second of her majesty a reign he had risen High enough in the social scale to have been put into the commission of the peace for the county of Monmouth. This reputable Welsh magistrate then having arrived at the mature age of fifty seven became a Leader among the Cambro British chartists and for gathering with Zephaniah Williams a Beer shop keeper at Coal Brookdale near Nantyglo Ana William Lloyd Jones a watch maker took to indulging in much vehement talk at that period accounted seditious. And even treasonable about annual parliaments. Vote by ballot Universal suffrage payment of members the abolition of the property qualification and equal electoral districts. These were the famous six Points of tie Peoples charter. At the present Day it is competent for any Man to talk As sonorous by As he pleases about these and of Many other Points As he chooses to discuss in Trafalgar Square or anywhere else so Long As he does not obstruct the thoroughfare hut oratory on such topics has of late grown languid seeing that More than one of the principles embodied in the six Points Are already the Law of the land and that on others something like a Compromise had been effected. There arc. Perhaps a great Many More political or social privileges which we ought to get and which we shall get some Day hut we know perfectly Well that we can obtain them without riotously assembling without defying the civil Power and without hurling brickbats at the Heads of her majesty a troops. Frost Williams and Jones committed in 1839 no overt act of treason. They erected no barricades and they invoked no god of Battles but their mutinous counsels and inflammatory harangues were the Means of inciting disorderly mobs of ignorant starving and discontented joiners to congregate together to set at nought the Reading of the riot act and to Stone the soldiers. This was at Newport. It is not certain whether the rabble were most excited by the agitation for tile six Points or by the prevailing slackness of work or the grinding tyranny of the Welsh Turnpike tolls monopoly or the iniquities of the truck system. At All events they refused to disperse when summoned to do so. The military were compelled to charge and subsequently to shoot and kill Beveral miserable creatures who As usually happens in such cases had had nothing to do with the silly quot feckless a rising and eventually messes. Frost Williams and Jones being tried and convicted of High treason were sentenced to be hanged drawn and quartered. It is among the Many boasts of the glorious reign of the Good Queen Anne that under her Beneficent Sway menaced As it often was by conspiracies against her life and Crown not one drop of blood was shed from first to last on the political scaffold. The Wise ministers who governed this country in the first years of tie Good Queen Victoria bore this merciful precedent in mind. Only Nineteen years had elapsed since the a of ail Anonymous Butcher had mutilated the courses of the strangled traitors Thistle Wood Brunt Tidd Davidson and Irig but the nation had not yet recovered from the horror caused by that gory mornings spectacle in front of Newgate. It would be difficult indeed to say that the Cato Street conspirators did not deserve capital punishment since the deliberate purpose of their plot was to assassinate the members of the Cabinet in Masse and one at least of their number Arthur Thistlewood had actually slain the Bow Street officer who strove to arrest him. Still the Public could not forget that these men were warring against an undeniably atrocious system of tyranny corruption and robbery. The people in 1820 had no Means of making their grievances known for the press was gagged the right of Public meeting had become a farce and parliamentary representation was in the hands of tory Peers and trading Borough mongers. Abating the senselessly criminal project of slaughtering lord Sidmouth and his colleagues there was really More excuse for Thistlewood and his half witted a com a dices than for Frost Williams and Jones. In 1839 parliament had been to a vast extent reformed and a Liberal administration was in office. The press was not unstamped and it was not cheap but it was As free As it is at this Day. The privilege of i Blic meeting within reasonable Bonds was not entered. The chartists own monster petition had been presented to the House of commons by or. Attwood in the very year of the Newport riots but notwithstanding ail the constitutional modes at their disposal the malcontents appear to have had an irrepressible predisposition for the employment of physical Force. They had passed out of the a brickbats and bludgeons stage recommended in 1832 and into the phase of guns Aud pikes. Whether or. Frost who was indubitably at the head of five thousand rioters in front of the Westgate hotel. Newport on the 4th of november 1839, actually commanded or countenanced the breaking of Tho windows of the inn where the magistrates were assembled thus bringing about a retaliatory Volley from the muskets of a company of the forty fifth foot it is unnecessary at present to inquire. Still Frost a Justice or an sex Justice of the peace was palpably there and his son was of clearly the Kugleman of another armed mob five thousand Strong who had marched in the direction of Stow Hill. In any Case the Newport rioters were As amenable to a capital sentence As the Gordon rioters in 1780 and had a male Sovereign been on the throne. Frost Williams and Jones would probably have expiated their offence on the Gallows albeit the Force of Public opinion might have been Strong enough to Avert from the corpses of the criminals the barbarous and revolting indignity of mutilation. Frost together with the Printer who had set up some of the chartist manifestos was arrested on the Day following the riots and the three leaders were duly committed tried sentenced and left for execution. Fortunately for them in the beginning of 1840, the Youthful Queen was preparing to select a Consort. It was Felt that the Hangman armed not Only with a Halter but with a he amp Ding a would be but an ill Harbinger to the Royal nuptials. With chartism act Rife in the land and with Feargus o Connor Henry Vincent Thomas Cooper and Many More or less Able demagogues lecturing and writing sedition far and wide it was politically impossible wholly to i Ardon the Newport rioters. Their awful sentence was commuted to one of imprisonment for life and they were accordingly banished to the Antipodes. It does not appear that they were subjected to any severer punishment than exile. They were spared the convict s livery shackles and toil and at last a Complete amnesty was granted to them. Williams and Jones remained in new South Wales and the latter died at Lancos ton in 1873. But that wonderfully Tough old Man. Frost came Home in september 1856, and settled Down at Stapleton where his wife was still living and where she died a year after his return. His habits it is said were very simple. He was a total abstained and to the last he preserved an unclouded intellect. We Are not precisely aware whether the patriarch of Stapleton should be considered the a last of the romans a but he was decidedly the oldest of the a first line of the demagogues who made such a noise during the Early Days of the victorian Era. The Erst notorious Thomas Cooper chartist and author of the a a Purgatory of suicides a a person of really distinguished intellectual attainments has Long since we believe earned Golden opinions As an inoffensive dissenting minister for whom his friends have purchased a comfortable annuity. The world has Long since ceased to hear of the formerly fiery Henry Vincent but the dauntless Champion of chartism May be yet in the land of the living while Many of the lower lights of chartism tranquilly descended into the Valley of old age making we Are justified in hoping and believing a Good end of it. They were strange wild perverse men. Who upon occasion broke the queers peace and had. Perforce to be put Down by the Strong Arm of the Law but thay fought nevertheless in a scrambling head Strong half articulate manner for the truth and pages upon pages of the Modem statute Book will prove that Many of their firearms were the reverse of utopian. The advocates who in their time prosecuted the judges who sentenced these men to affix Totive punishments have since testified to the intelligence Aad the eloquence with which the prisoners the majority of their number wholly self educated defended themselves and to the dignity with which they behaved in the Dock. Not against any one of them was there or would there h a ver brought the accusation of venality or of eau seeking. They seem in the whole to have been indigent upright honest obstinate enthusiasts. In their lowest estate a Good word was spoken for the chartists by Thomas Carlyle and by Charles Kingsley and indeed a a chartism was not to be lightly or sneering by dismissed As tor ism would have dismissed it. But the chartists committed so Long As they remained a presence or a portent the fatal mistake of thinking that any great political Reform can be brought about by Means of brickbats and bludgeons pikes and guns flaring flags and Torch Light processions. English society refuses to tolerate such unseemly manifestations and when political agitation becomes riotous the police must be called in and the rioters danish Tomb. Antl Narlan dlr Verles in zealand a richly embellished Tomb contain ing Nany ornaments and other articles. I pall mall Gazette a most interesting discovery of antiquarian remains has just been made close to the town of store Heddings in zealand. About nine feet below the surface of the Earth a tumulus was discovered surrounded As usual with fifteen Large stones Stii on end and covered with other Large stones who when removed disclosed the Interior of the to which was about sixteen feet Long and three feet wide. On the Bottom was Laid a Broad piece of Oaken Plank on which were found the remains of a woman evidently buried in her clothes the face turned toward the East the left Arm crossed Over the Chest and the right Arm stretched out by the Side of the body. A Large number of vessels of various kind8 were placed about the head the most remarkable being a cup of Blue Glass surrounded by a richly chased Silver rim representing the leaves of the Vine having an inscription in greek characters which translated Means next May be mentioned another cup of red coloured Glass and a Large vase of Green Glass besides Many pieces of other cups which had been crushed by one of the stones having fallen in. In the Blue end the ribs and in the red cup other Bones of different kinds of fishes were discovered. To the right of the head Lay a Gold Coin which had evidently been used As an ear ring dating from the reign of the roman emperor Probus whose Short reign lasted from about the year 276 to 282. The Tomb consequently can not Date further Back than from a. Fat. 276. A Large beautifully embossed ring of Gold enclosed the neck and close to the right shoulder Lay a thick Golden pin probably used to hold the upper garment together. On two fingers of the right hand were two massive rings of Gold the one spiral formed the other Plain while close to the Waist one Large and several smaller buckles of Silver were discovered. A collection of Bones of various animals Lay close to the body As Well As a wooden Basin ornamented with Bronze handles containing forty two Dice turned from Bone and apparently used for play. In a Large roman Basin of Bronze which stood at the extreme end of the Tomb the Bones of a Small pig were found other Bones of the same animal being discovered in the surrounding Earth As Well As the remains of human beings possibly Bones of slaves who had been sacrificed at the funeral. The discovery is Here looked upon As being of the very highest antiquarian importance while it adds another proof of the relations which so Early existed Between the North and South which were mostly carried on through the present russian provinces and which finally in the eighth or ninth Century culminated in the creation of a special body guard of the emperor in constantinople consisting of the so called a Varan Gianso a an institution which lasted nearly until the final overthrow of the byzantine Empire by the turks. The government is going to Institute further researches round the Tomb As Many signs seem to indicate that this place in Olden times has been a kind of regal burial Placo. One of Louis Napoleon adventures. From Tho Hartford courant in the year 1834 the fall election in new York had been preceded Campaign of unusual excitement. The great democratic Leader William l. Marcy was the candidate of his party for governor. It was expected that there would be Lively times on the Day of election in the City of new York and several Hartford merchants arranged to go Down together to see the fun. And at the same time take advantage of the trip to Purchase goods. They arrived in the City by boat on the morning of election and took rooms at the new York hotel which stood on the present site of a. T. Stewart a Down town store on Chambers Street. Among the number were David Clark and a. S. Porter. The whole party visited some of the voting Ore cd acts and saw the a fun a which included Many Street fights and minor rows. During the afternoon or. Clark and or. Porter were looking Over newspapers in the Reading room of the hotel and were seated apart. At one end of the room was the bar. While or. Clark was busily engaged Reading his attention was attracted by loud voices among which he recognized or. Porters and. Looking up saw three Young Fellows somewhat excitedly engaged in conversation with or. Porter. He went at once to learn the cause of the debate and found that the strangers were demanding that or. Porter should pay for a bottle of wine which they alleged he had lost on a bet. Of course he had made no bet and the Fellows were attempting to impose upon him. Or. Clark was then a spare Many not As portly As he is now but was muscular and Strong and quot waa a dangerous subject in a rough and Tumble. When he heard the spokesman of the party of three declare that unless Porter paid the wine every Bone in his body should be broken he stepped up to the fellow and said. Quot you try that once and ill take every one of you singly and throw you out of that windows a pointing to a window not far up from the floor. The blustering Young Man looked at the tall form before him and seeing two Sledge Hammer fists and Long arms ready for business took the hint to depart and his companions went with him. Or. Clark was considerably interested in the episode and before he left new York Learned that the fellow he had talked with was Louis Napoleon who was then leading a fast and reckless life in the Metropolis. When he saw the Man again it was in 1857, but under different circumstances. It was in Paris and the youth had become the emperor of the French and or. Clark did not think it advisable to introduce himself As the person who Twenty Odd years before showed fight in new York. I this the Way life on land began editorial Cor. Of the american israelite this Nearn is noticeable for sea weeds and Mosess carried on land by the tide. These creations of Tho deep Are of the most diverse forms and shapes. In the deep As under the Eye of the Sun nature exhausts her ingenuity in the production of All shapes forms and colors. One of those sea weeds is most remarkable perhaps. It consists of interlaced roots in a hollow bundle four to six inches in diameter grasping together at its base Earth shells and Rock at the Bottom of the sea. From this bundle of roots a number of round hollow strings grow oue third of an Inch in diameter with Oval wind bags of the same texture at intervals so that they can swim in the water. These wind bags have fins like a fish and from these fins new roots grow to become Parent plants in their turn. The texture of the whole Plant is of Wood fibres and Brown gelatinous matter like Brown India rubber. As the Plant dries in the Sun thousands of Little insects grow out of it and populate the Sand leaving the dried up wooden fibres to show the Skeleton of the Plant. Here is a beginning of animal life on Earth right before your eyes although insects Only. Why do Darwin and Haeckel not mention this it is Worth a naturalists time to go to Santa Cruz and subject this sea Weed to a careful analysis. I will bring specimens of it to the Cincinnati University. Tho Plant has various shapes and grows to different sizes. I have a specimen which looks like a leather whip Black elastic and inter fibred. Singular presentiment. Great fall n. A journal the father of Roscoe Pond who was drown West Lebanon last week had a vivid Primoni of his death. Or. Pond had been stopping at Gan quit and some Days before the Asci it he dreamed that he saw Roscoe slide 1 the reeks and become engulfed in Waves. So vivid was it that he could get rid of the impression and saturday he i Down to the Beach to see if All was Safe and w became away cautioned his children Over Over again to be very careful. At five o clock t Day afternoon the dream had its fulfilment. Coe had fixed a comfortable place tor his Molly be Down on the Shore cheerily saying Thal would be Back soon. He went bathing with a ten years old. While playing of the Rock a upped Aad an under current quickly took Halo Pond human help. At Ellin Fountain list tor Fence. Lacean a a the Jugal mines Friday near Somerset. Ky., Hile under the influence of son Denham who in self de Iee the first time areas the time across the Throat so Verity Oggen bled to death in fifteen minutes. St Tatam gave himself up to the author ties and will have an examination trial to Day

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