Cincinnati Tribune in Cincinnati, Ohio
20 Jan 1893

See the full image with a free trial.

Start for Free

Cincinnati Tribune in Cincinnati, Ohio
20 Jan 1893

Read an issue on 20 Jan 1893 in Cincinnati, Ohio and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The Cincinnati Tribune.

Browse Cincinnati Tribune

How to Find What You Are Looking for on This Page

We use Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to make the text on a newspaper image searchable. Below is the OCR data for 20 Jan 1893 Cincinnati Tribune in Cincinnati, Ohio. Because of the nature of the OCR technology, sometimes the language can appear to be nonsensical. The best way to see what’s on the page is to view the newspaper page.

Get started for free with a 7 day trial.

Cincinnati Tribune (Newspaper) - January 20, 1893, Cincinnati, OhioIn r de Blowitz gives some advice. The journalistic term temperament the wit and Gayety of French newspaper a the plan of six great edition. Copyright 1802, by the m. De Blowitz Paris Jan. 7.�?this is n question to which an elaborate theoretic reply would be out of place yet it has been so often put to me that i wish to state in reference to it my own notion illustrating my ideas by certain facts d Rawn from my already Long experience As a journalist. It is Only by bringing to Bear upon this question one�?Ts., own observations ones own experience and even ones own disappointments and a deceptions that any real 1 ight can be obtained in seeking to determine the influences which should be utilized in the direction of a Young Many a faculties in the journalistic career. This is Why i cannot justly be accused of presumption if 1 bring myself often to the fore and Why i shall be pardoned if in the incidents which i shall relate i try to say of myself the least possible ill. Can journalism i3e Learned Ivy rules the question As to whether journalism can Ever become a Normal career like other recognized careers 1ms always haunted and even i May say besieged me. And indeed it would be strange if this were not the Case. For the knowledge requisite to make a pair of boots or a hat Ora pair of gloves May be taught according to established principles Ana fixed rules the Art of a Gardener whose activity is expended in conforming his knowledge to the mysterious law3 of a Flowers development both under the soil and afterwards in irs Beautiful outward manifestation in the air can be Learned by dissection of the dead human body May to discovered the lavs of Medicine and the Best methods of curing the living a lawyer May learn in the schools the instruments and conditions of his profession namely civil Laws and the methods of court procedure the Art of War its rules and precepts indeed throughout the entire list of human professions there is for each a special series of Laws and conditions by knowledge of which he who enters As an apprentice May go out by slow degrees of advancement a master. But in journalism alone among professions this is not the Case. In this career there is no body of doctrine no series of fixed rules apparently no possible method of instruction. N where has there been an attempt to establish such Laws nowhere has there As yet been a school for journalist apprentices where they might learn precise rules for their profession or obtain a recognized basis of preliminary and indispensable knowledge and yet journalism governs the world find this state within the state thrives continually More and More striking punishing recompense no immortal izing or plunging into oblivion All that exists All which because of its intrinsic interest pushes to the Light in the immense assemblage of human institutions which make up the social order. This is a remarkable and absorbing fact and one which i repeat has always possessed me often with a sense of pain. For there is certainly a strange anomaly Here an effect tremendously out of proportion to its causes a real danger for the future. I had wished one indeed too optimistically perhaps to seek to put order and system into this collection of ideas to. Try the Experiment As to whether it is not possible to map out a scheme of journalistic instruction for in our present moment when journalism is becoming daily a More and More influential Power the problem is really pressing and even because of its very difficulty fascinating to the mind. Why seeming failures sometimes succeed As journalists. Moreover As i say this state of things is daily becoming More impressive. From moment to moment the ranks of journalism Are being augmented by the arrival of those who having knocked vainly at other doors think to enter there As into a career in which Chance is the Only master. Often those who have elsewhere seemed to fail come to journalism and succeed in it As much to their own Surprise As to others. By this i do not mean that these men were dried fruit useless and incapable who enter journalism Only because they could do nothing else nothing of the sort. I mean that for the most part they Are men who have a feeling that they Are Superior to every Normal or established disciplinary system whom in fact discipline chafes to whom the hierarchic or bureaucratic idea is an intolerable bugbear who cannot make up their minds to follow another a Lead along a path to be traced slowly step by step. They leave the slower and More regular a professions to enter journalism much As or Marly mercenaries engaged themselves to this and that foreign army quite willing to fight at random on the Morrow against an enemy whose very existence the night before was unknown to them. Once become journalistic they change their newspapers As formerly they changed thei profession or career. They jump from grave to Gay from the political journal to the journal of satire. The become at will reporters chroniclers Art critics literary reviewers not seeking in any Way to study the course of events Quot the Drift of the time but on the other hand fitting All contemporary ideas and Everts to the measure of their own personal temperament so that an event or problem Quot thus treated according to the fancy of a journalist appears tragical or comic without any sort of regard for its real character. Instead of describing it As it is. Establishing the principle which it illustrates they scatter abroad Quot confusion and produce in the a Blic mind a condition of Uncertain Naleid Scopio eclecticism which is the negation of All really authoritative opinion and the destroyer of ail conviction. By the reciprocal action and reaction of journalist and Reader confusion of ideas Quot becomes More and More marked and so soon As this Chance journalist creates a sort of special Public he becomes convinced of his own authority elaborates into a doctrine the Temple god and Prophet and thus adds a capricious and false note to the general discord of Chance human opinions. This is the evil which on increasing Day by Day. Yet what qualities Are implied in the very extent of this Power to obtain this place in journalism an entire series of capacities Are required All to be summed up but not defined in the single word Talent. Yes i recognize that the fools the absolutely ignorant men without imagination without intelligence without the gift of assimilation without let me add. Audacity and gaiety cannot obtain this place cannot succeed in journalism. The wit and Gravity of French papers. Take French journalism for instance. Where else in the world of journalism is a a Talent so abundant so Universal wit frailty imagination there gleam from every Ine and in the variety of Quot subjects treated the Reader of a French newspaper catches As in miniature the whole life that circulates about him he seems to be jauntily passing through an endless and charming Panorama i of the sights and sounds of a town constructed with All the special illusions of the stage. But do not examine too closely. This Palace which you Admire Ata distance floats on a Frame or fragile boards to which it is nailed the color Scales off at a slightest touch a breath of air overturns the rocks which simulate the pyramids and the venerable Walls of the ancient cathedrals. Yes perhaps nowhere so much As in France is journalism in need of being taught nowhere is there so shifting and Uncertain an experimental foundation. How rarely after having gone through a French paper you Rise from your Reading with a new idea or the sense of a new experience and if by Chance you find Tejere such a fresh idea or experience be careful How you accept it for the authors fancy is hi3 chief care and under the Dainty covering of ingenious reasoning lurks a snare for your credulity an allurement banishing the weariness of thinking. I am analysing at the moment be it understood Only the special capacity of the journalist. The journalistic temperament. His conscience and sincerity i have neither the wish nor the right to Analyse but let me affirm immediately that i believe in the absolute incorruptibility of any journalist whatever. A Man capable of being corrupted has neither the temperament nor the Pride of a journalist for the special Mark of the journalistic temperament Isa horror of dependence the sure result of having sold ones pen to another. The men whose Are bought outside of the paper itself May be speculators schemers gamblers who give their prose to the columns of a journal but they Are not journalists and i need not therefore Deal with them Here. What 1 am trying to make Clear tire the necessary conditions determining journalism the Clement of Chance taking the Dace of individual propensity the desire for an immediate result which drives men not established into a profession the doors of which always wide open could at any time easily be entered except for the crowd that hangs about them. 1 wish to draw attention to the danger for Oivi sized society involved in the existence of so powerful an instrument for the dissemination of destruction if it chanced to be used by the first Comer and wielded by an untrained hand in # random direction. And i refer naturally to of tenth journalism As that which i see closest at hand although i am obliged to keep a constant Eye on the entire modern press. A a a France badly led by her jourxali8t9. The Lack of knowledge and authority in French journalism Are most strikingly seen in the matter of its treatment of foreign affairs. Quot and this Lack has already had the most unfortunate consequences. Men of a scarcely conceivable lightness of character and irresponsibility although lacking in knowledge caring Only Tor their own ephemeral and personal Success have succeeded by the merest Accident and with a stupefying self Assurance in becoming the mentors or the French Public on International questions and they find no contradictory simply because their own Inadequacy if not surpassed is equalled by All who have adopted the same speciality As they that is the instruction of the French Public in International questions. They propagate thug with impunity the most dangerous errors establish doctrines which Are a real danger from the Point of View of the Public interest and too ignorant to Lead others and too lacking in authority to Aid in bringing about International rapprochement sow discord and hatred and the seeds of inevitable future conflict. This is Why France at the present moment suspects and hates All the Continental nations Russia excepted and even about the latter no one dares to Tell the truth because it would violate popular prejudice. But there is thus being prepared one of the most cruel and dangerous disillusion Ever yet experienced. One consequence of this state of things is being cruelly Felt even now. The crushing armaments now ruining Europe the chronic outbreak of hostility Quot Between nation and Nailon the immense difficulty in obtaining peaceful solutions because of the bitterness of reciprocal recriminations All this is the primary result of just this ignorance and irresponsibility of which i speak and a general conflict will be the ultimate result if the Providence which watches Over the safety of the world and intervenes when the hour has come does not bring Forth one of those events which by their illuminating clearness scatter the shadows where Lurk the errors spread abroad by ignorance and malice. Of course the european press where journalism is marked try Pride and passion which Lead to irresponsible utterance becomes the accomplice of this International bitterness and being without sufficient Power to resist the Stream complicates and aggravates daily the accumulating dangers which hang As an incubus Over the whole world. A journalist must have a Call. Is there a remedy for this state of things ? can a body of journalists be created whose professional education established training and certified aptitudes will reassure the Public conscience ? or must the remedy for this danger which i note and which constitutes a growing menace for the whole of society be sought in another direction i wish to seek an answer to these questions. Can such a body of journalists be created ? i do not hesitate to reply contrary to the general opinion that not Only can it be clone but that it must be and that indeed this is a work of the utmost urgency. And first i define a journalist As any Man who lives exclusively by regularly writing in a regularly appearing journal one who is a part not necessarily a fixture but a Normal part of a regularly organized Sheet and one who treats in one or More such sheets living questions whatever their nature. A Man who writes exclusively in reviews is not a journalist or he has ceased to be one and the special education of which i dream As necessary to make a journalist does not apply to him. I must note also that the journalist who receives this special training and education will not be a journalist according to the Ordinary acceptation of the term. When a Law student Lias received his diploma he May be inscribed As a barrister Don the Legal Robe and enter upon his practical career if he can get a Case but there is no Assurance that he May not be quite dumb when lie would utter the very first word of his plea. It would hardly Ever occur to a Man who stammers or is deaf to take up the lawyers profession for the obvious reason that a stammered could not conduct effectively a Case in the courts and whatever the real value of his eloquence his natural disadvantages would destroy the main effect of his persuasiveness. What i am getting at is simply this that the Man who would enter a school of journalism should feel a positive a pc ally to this vocation should have in him the a wearying vigilance which is an absolute condition of it the love of danger of civil danger that is and a real peril a boundless Quot curiosity and love for truth and a special and marked facility of rapid assimilation and comprehension. A Man for instance who after conversing with a specialist having first of course familiarized a nonself with the elements whether theoretical or practical of the question in hand does not understand the special explanations Giyen him Well enough to reproduce them if generally intelligible language is a Man whose vocation As an Active journalist appears to me doubtful. But take a Young Man possessing the first scholarly diplomas in his country proving his acquirement in this order of ideas and if he enjoys Good health if he Lias the free use of All his bodily faculties it he sees and hears accurately and knows How to express quickly what he hears and sees then if he wishes to be a journalist take him in hand undertake his education give him that general equipment fitted for the varied forms of Battle which such a career implies and if you do not make a great journalist of him you will at All events make one who can easily stand comparison with the most authoritative product of the utterly disorganized journalism of today. But you will do More than this you will have created a Type one of a special class now isolated and rare but soon to increase and multiply the Type of the journalist elect standing head and shoulders above the common Stream of contemporary journalists. In other professions those who Issue from a special school with a special training Are a Model for those less favored by Fortune they precede and guide the latter and with the rarest exceptions always maintain their Lead. So it must be in journalism whenever in any country a National school of journalism shall have been created. Scheme of six great journalists. One Day 1 called together six of my friends belonging to different nationalities. 1 submitted to them my idea and we elaborated together a scheme. I will not give our programme in detail but 1 will say that we insisted first that the Young aspirant to journalism should have finished his eighteenth year and should possess the first regular tic Gree according to the collegiate education o his country. We required the physical a year and should possess the first regular Ilc of a Pac tics of which i have just spoken. We demanded that he should be seriously grounded in the elements of two languages other Chan his own. We insisted furthermore on having five years of his time so that his career should not begin before he was Twenty three or even later. A Young Man cannot be expected to possess the maturity necessary to judge the causes and effects of events with Security for his judgment will be confined to the present horizon and however Little in this or that Case general ideas May be necessary if he has Price and has made an error of judgment Liia judgment will have its baneful effect upon his mind for a All the rest of his Days. We would then place this Young Man in the hand3 of professors who for two years would teach him the history and literature of each of the great historic and literary divisions of Europe running Over Remote periods very rapidly and becoming More careful and detailed As one Drew nearer to the present moment. He would be initiated into the origin and tendencies of spirit of his most remarkable contemporaries in every country. He would be Given a general idea of the political constitutions the Ethnol Gic and climacteric conditions the products the geographical situation the Means of communication the armed forces the budgets and the Public debts of every nation. He would be Given the documents necessary for consultation. He would be taught to draw both landscapes and the human face. He would learn to Box to ride horseback and to use a revolver but the science of arms so called would be rigorously interdicted because a Man obliged to support his arguments by weapons or who indulges in personalities which place so to in the hands of his foes is neither a journalist nor worthy to be one. Finally such a Pupil would undergo a graduating examination and if he failed in any Way to satisfy his instructors he would remain another year after which for three years Inore lie wort i spend in succession months at school or College in other lands so that the remaining three years should be used up by his presence at foreign schools of journalism and travels in countries where these schools Are established As Well As in countries where they might not yet ail these schools of journalism should form a federation. Every exclusive political opinion should be banished from them. The instruction should be Eclectic without arty possibility of pressure from without Anu quite free from parti Pris and the free judgment of the Pupil formed by experience and conviction should be respected. The pupils of one school by this scheme would be received in any Cue of the other schools without any extra Fex Penso the Cost of the entire a 1 1c> a n it 11 a it a a . ,1__ .1 Ders. Appeal was to be made to the Good washes of any to the Rea Ournes even of the world in the name of social safety and the general Good to help in the foundation and endowment of these schools. Both resident and travelling scholarships would of course be established As Well As retreats for old age or those Tenpo rarely ill from diseases contracted in the fulfilment of their duty. Each school moreover could obtain from the serious leading journals in its neighbourhood the Promise to employ according to the special needs of the journal a certain number of pupils who Are thus provided with their final diplomas. We came together my friends and i on several occasions to work out the programme and when it was As we thought Complete we parted each taking a copy and agreeing to pursue in our several countries the realization of our projected plan promising moreover to come together again at the end of a year to report on what we had been Able to accomplish and then if our plan seemed feasible to follow it out and if not abandon it. The journalists take a Pupil. But by a Happy coincidence just As we were separating even indeed while we were deliberating i received a letter from utrecht in which a gentleman unknown to me asked me if i would not care to have with me his san who was eighteen years old a and who wanting to be a journalist thought that he might develop his Bent and come through to a successful end under my Eye and direction. 1 showed the letter to my friends we had the Young Man come to see us he pleased us we Drew up for him a programme which he followed and which be will continue to follow to the end and with common consent we adjourned until the completion of the Experiment thus begun. I must say that so far the result is completely satisfactory. The Young Man has begun his travels. He knows almost the whole of Europe. He has written to now one or another of us from almost every fat Point letters which Are very curious Ana interesting and he promises certainly to become a journalist for his letters the exact impression of the moment with the fund of wider knowledge which he already has in his mind betray a rapid and certain judgment a concise and graphic style and a True feeling for the important and interesting things of the moment. But i hasten to add that this Experiment can scarcely whatever its Success be conclusive it can Only be encouraging. Iam very tranquil myself As to the future of our common people. He will be Able to choose and he Vail of received. But his natural aptitudes Are More marked than would be usually the Case in those who came to our schools he has larger resources and greater Oare ha3 been expended upon him whatever the Zeal which the special professors might expend upon their pupils. 8o that it would be difficult to say whether even with this special education All the pupils even those who passed brilliantly through their studies would become accomplished journalists. What a school would do. But what can be affirmed is that these schools would create in each country a class of select journalists against whose varied and Complete acquire ends any new Comer for thi3 career would meet with an inevitable Check owing to his Overty of experience and attainments journalists not graduated from these schools would soon form an inferior class. And before Long journalism established As a definite career would be quite purified As it were and include Only Auto native workers. At a All events it is Only by some such method is this As i am convinced by recruiting that is the personnel of Universal journalism Only from among the competent that the level of the profession can be Quot fused not Only from the Point of View of the work produced but also in the intrinsic value and dignity of the producers thus banishing forever those who Are the Bane of the profession the pirates and footpads of the Highway lured thither by misery or Chance who Arm themselves with a pen As a revolver and who sheltered behind the columns of a paper As behind the Trees of a Forest have made in certain countries the name of journalist synonymous with an insult or a calumny. A censor of journalism. But the school would not of itself suffice. In every capital there would have to be besides a paper called the judge appearing every morning and sustained by the entire Public opinion in the name of Public safety for it must not be forgotten that henceforth the happiness or the unhappiness of nations is to be largely dependent on their press and according As the press is Good or bad honest or corrupt will the nations increase or diminish flourish or perish. For their own in feta therefore the dignity of the press should be their first interest. This paper the judge edited by the most competent and authoritative hands sustained by All and speaking in the name of All written in a pure Cleav direct style opening the columns moreover to outside communications accepted by a competent committee above suspicion would take in every morning the errors of allusions historical political geographical or what not committed in the other papers and put them in the Pillory. It would Call attention As Well to the wilful errors which Are lie3, the mistakes of ignorance and even of expression yes it would be the judge the merciless judge of All that was false lying Calum Nious or of evil report presented to the impress Ible and credulous Public. It would dissipate vagueness. It would in the end succeed in forming with the help of the judge in other countries a Universal Justice to redress All errors to chastise bad Faith to make Public opinion More wholesome and sane and by the High and impartial severity of its judgments it would Force those who in boy the terrible and responsible Boner of holding the pen to remember their duty As Well As their interest and to Bow before an enlightened Blic opinion at last protected against the Poison which was formerly poured out of it. If As May be said this Hope is but a dream i nevertheless treasure it in tic Depths of my soul for there is no other Hope for journalism and if it does not follow this High Road the Only alternative is its ruin and this ruin will be mingled with the Universal ruin which it will have caused. De Blowitz. Put up the bars tight. Are we turning to mongrels an article of warning on increase of immigration an array of carious but startling facts. The women men like. 1 she Mast be cheerful to amp Cufal sensible and sentimental. A very remarkable personage who was called in her Day and by competent critics the most Brilliant woman in America said once to a Young girl admirer a my dear if you aspire to the position of favorite with men be a fool 1�?�. It might be objected that this bitter outburst was the result of temperamental rather than intellectual differences As in the Case of Margaret Fuller whose tactless Ness and not her Wisdom formed an Abs Nele to Friendship. The first mentioned woman however differed widely from Margaret Fuller. She was cheery and Sweet tempered As Well As witty and amusing Only and therein Lay very possibly the secret she had not an atom of sentiment. She was a Good Comrade to men but when the sense of fun was Strong upon her she would laugh at them As Well As with them. And this is an offence for which it May be doubled w the offender is Ever forgiven or forgotten. Men like a Jolly woman but they rarely love her. They laugh a Good Deal among i themselves and feminine jest Fig apparently is considered rather weak diet. Tsien too it is nut to be tinged with satire and that in itself is terrifying to say the least. Yet its Antithesis fault finding or the Mildest form of sorrow they from As from the Laws of men done to like a fool for a fool is Apt to lease and torment in a thousand forms like a human gadfly. It requires not a Little intellect to know when and How and what to speak also How to suppress ones knowledge. To be Brief the woman who is a masculine favorite is invariably cheerful in Public keeping her woes for private contemplation has tact enough to manage a a state cares a great Deal More for dress than she pretends is Nev for monotonous nor slow although she scrupulously keys her voice below Sharpness or complaint will not for any consideration speak ill of a Friend asks a great Many innocent questions and none that May be difficult to answer can make others do the talking while she serves Only As a we Ripper in Ana last but so far from least that it is the most important of All cultivates All the sentiment of her companion to the utmost. The Ideal character is not Only liked by the other sex but what is infinitely More to her credit she is loved by her own. Infinitely More to her credit Mary Clemmer wrote of Alice Cary and her Strong hold upon All the lives with which her own Ever come in Contact. A for a Man to love a woman is of nature for a woman to love a Man is of North american. Generally near the band. Senator Hill now says that he must support Cleveland a administration whether he likes it or not. The senator is not always the first to join the procession but he always joins . Louis Cost dispatch. A song of the present manner. For tub Tribune. I am a Singer As singers go w one it is Worth your while to hear. Love is the Only theme i know woman is All my heart holds dear. What each loves Best it is that he sings priestly garments or Chain mail shirts you sir warble of Angels wings give me the Rustle of Satin skirts. Copyright 1802, by the author Washington d. C., Jan. 16.�?half a Century ago ours was an american nation. The Stream of immigration from Europe had for two and a half centuries flowed so slowly that it had been taken up and assimilated into our Community completely. Foreigners found themselves in such a minority that they had no Choice but to americanize themselves As quickly and As thoroughly As possible. As la teas 1845 there was very Little foreign blood and no foreign language or ideas in the country. Then came the deluge. In less than half a Century nearly 16.500.000 immigrants have been poured upon us from Europe a migration of civilized people without a parallel in history. In ten years Between 1820 and 1830, Only 143.000 immigrants entered the country and in the next decade 1880 to 1840, the number increased to nearly 600,000. In the decade following it leaped to 1,700,000, most of which arrived during the last two or three years preceding 1850. Between 1850 and 1860 it Rose to 2,000,000. During the next the civil War decade it was reduced slightly being about 2,300,000, but from 1870 to 1880, Iri spite of the business depression of that time the number Rose to the highest Point yet reached viz., 2,800,-000. During the last decade from 1880 to 1890, the number was far beyond anything heard of before. In this ten years no fewer than 5,247,000 immigrants arrived in our ports one immigrant Lor every ten inhabitants. With such a flood for can All nations of Europe pouring in on us these questions May Well press upon us for a solution. Of what nationalities is this immigration what is its status of morals and education what is to be its influence upon american citizenship upon business and social life can the american nucleus of the population assimilate this enormous body of mixed nationalities to its own ideas and social conditions a series of famines in Ireland started a migration of the people of that unhappy Island which in fifty years has reduced its population from 8,197,000 in 1841 to 4,-033,103 in 1891�?a reduction of Over 4,-000,000 or fifty per cent. Of this enormous number three and a half millions or seven eighths have found Homes in this country. Between 1840 and 1850, 900,000 irishmen abandoned their poverty stricken Homes in Green Erin and came to America. In succeeding decades the number has been less but has averaged More than half a million per decade. The English scotch and Welsh have collectively formed an important element of the immigration their numbers having gradually increased. During the Early years of the Irish immigration they were largely outnumbered by the immigrants from Erin while in the past two decades they have been in the majority. The total immigration from great Britain excepting Ireland numbers Over 2,800,000. Immigration of germans in Large numbers commenced almost As Early As the Irish immigration under the stimulus probably of political troubles. Up to 1850 it was not As Active As that of the Irish but Between 1850 and 1860 it exceeded it slightly and since then has greatly exceeded it. Iri the last decade the number of German immigrants has been More than double that of the Irish reaching a total of nearly 1,500,000. The entire number of immigrants from the German states exceeds 4,500,000. Until recent years these countries furnished the great body of the immigration. Between 1840 and 1850 they furnished seven eighths Between 1850 and 1360 nine tenths and Between i860 and 1870 nearly seven eighths of All the immigration. About 1870 other nationalities began to assume prominence. Of the immigration Between 1870 and 1880 the proportion of the British and German elements declined to less than two thirds and Between 1880 and 1890 was but Little More than one half of the entire immigration. This change in nationality is still More strongly Emp a so d in the figures of immigration of 1891. 1. Hat year British and germans constituted but a Wittla Isisore than a third of All immigrants. The countries from which these new recruits Are mainly obtained Are Norway and Sweden Italy Russia Austria Hungary and Canada. From Norway and Sweden we had received prior to 1860, Only about 35,000 immigrants. Between 1860 and 1870, 118,-000 came. This number was nearly doubled in the succeeding decade while Between 1880 and 1890, 568,000 came in or More than in the sixty Yeara preceding. Italian immigration was of Small dimensions prior to 1880, the whole number being less than 100.000, but during the decade just past this element increased by a leap to Mere than 300,000. The russian contingent including the poles has a like history. Prior to 1880, Only about off,000 had joined us but during the period Between 1880 and 1890 Elliis number was increased by 265,-000. So it was also with the natives of Austria Hungary including the hungarians and bohemians. Since 1880 their number has increased from 93,000 to 440,000. The Canadian immigration commenced earlier. By 1 860 More than 100,000 had arrived. Between i860 and 1870 the number was 185,000, and Between 1870 and 1880 430,000, while the figures for the first five years of the decade 1880 to 1 890 show that in All probability the number of Canadian immigrants in that decade reached three fourths of a million. Unfortunately no statistics of the last live years of the decade were obtained. The following table summarizes these figures Canada. F v a of to o i Enci o a t a co i it 0 a pm Rock o a amt la Hungary. A a a a to to so i i i amp r c. 4. Coffa a a r a oct 00 �3 i i of Poland and Russia. Ltd it r pc acc. O c i a o Joc Ficco it o co Norway and Sweden of. A. R x x co oct re Noi o o. A 05 a ctr off of -1 cd a tix a no Italy. 0c w o r 51 o h of it c-5 to o re pm c o x 70 Ltd of a a i o o co Germany. Re c t r n o to a i a it amp i to i 04 i 54 to 51 a it o h Ireland. A e. A a c1 a. �?1 cd k of 1 it 1 a v3 if i of j o lit c f a o a it a it cd a a a a a a a a a it great in Tain. I. Re a c we isni.5c-ac i i x f w a x a o co Cir a he re Osooso to i Itz a i x or it cd a it cd j3 pc v x x x c x with native americans Little intermarriage Between the different nationalities Irish marry Irish and germans marry germans and their children Are measurably Irish and germans still. Of the children of immigrants there were in the country in 1870, then they were first counted not fewer than 4,954,0.00, which added to the foreign born make 10,521,233 persons of foreign extraction. The whole population was thus at that time made up of 69 per cent of native blood and 31 per cent of foreign blood. In 1890 the children of immigrants numbered 11,503,575, making with those of foreign birth 20,625,542. At this Date the native Whites of native parentage constituted 62 5-10 per cent., and those born of foreign parents 3< 5-10 per cent. More than one third of the population was alien either by birth or in the first generation. If this alien population were uniformly distributed Over the country the Case would not be As serious As it is pit it is distributed very . Practically it is confined to the North and West As is the Case with the foreign born. Of these states As a whole nearly one half the population is of foreign birth or extraction while in certain states the proportion runs much higher. Massachusetts and new York contain 57 percent of foreign blood Rhode Island 59 per cent., Wisconsin 74 per cent., Minnesota <6 per cent., and in North Dakota no less than 79 per cent., or nearly four fifths of the population Are either foreign born or the children of the foreign born. In new York City with a population of one and a half millions Only 18 per cent Are native born of native parents. Is this an american City ? the same question May be asked regarding Chicago while in Milwaukee the German language is heard More commonly than the american and there Are great regions in those Northwestern states peopled exclusively with scandinavians where our Tongue is never heard. As a class the foreign born throng our cities. The Only nationalities of which the majorities seek Rural life Are the swedes and norwegians. In 1880 More than one third of All the foreign born element of our population was found in the forty four largest cities. Generalizing regarding the leading nationalities it May be broadly stated that the Irish Are found mainly in new York. The germans Are widely distributed mainly in the cities from new York through the Northern states to the Dak Otas. The italians live mainly in the northeastern states and in new Orleans. The scandinavians Are found mainly in Wisconsin Minnesota and the Dakotas. The hungarians bohemians and poles Are found mainly in the great cities and in the mining regions or the North. The French canadians have swarmed Over the Border in new England and new York where they have largely replaced the Irish As factory hands. The first Point which attracts the readers attention in the above outline of the history of immigration next to the enormous increase in the total number in recent years is the rapid increase of certain classes notably the italians. Russians poles. Hungarians bohemians and French canadians. As a class these people Are much lower in the scale of civilization than ourselves and Are objectionable elements to introduce into our social Industrial and civil conditions. During the past ten years More than 1,500,-000 of these people have come among us and hey Are still coming at a greatly accelerated rate. But ibis is not ail. The Early immigrants from great Britain Ireland and Germany were mainly people of substance and education who would have been welcomed into the Best Community. But the Quality of these elements has. Deteriorated with time. The germans and British who today come to us Are by no Means of As High a class As those who made up the earlier immigration. If these statements need demonstration it is readily at hand. One has but to watch the unloading of a few cargoes of Imp i Grants from Liverpool and Hamburg to be convinced of its truth. The ignorance of the Northern states is practically confined to the foreign born Clements the immigrants. In 1880 Only about 3 per cent of the native inhabitants of the Northern states ten years ago and Over were unable to write while no fewer than 14 per cent of the foreign born inhabitants of those states were unable to write. The Case was even worse in new England where of native born but 2 per cent could not write while of the foreign born not less than 22 percent fell into that category. The census of 1890 will d a bless show a still worse condition of affairs owing to the immense immigration of the lower classes during the past decade. As to the part which the foreign element plays among our criminal classes the statistics Are equally decisive. Out of 57,310 White prisoners confined for crime in the United states in 1890 15,932, or 30 per cent., Creio Reijen born and 15,482, or 29 per cent., wite the children of foreign born parents. This disproportion of the foreign born among criminals is apparent when it is re remembered that the foreign born population constitute but 10.8 per cent of the White inhabitants. The criminality of the foreign Korn is nearly double its due proportion and that of those born in this country of foreign parents though less is far above that of the White natives of native parents. The latter class constituted in 1890 62.5 per cent of the entire White population while criminals of this class constituted but 37.5 per. Cent of All White criminals. But this is not the whole Case against this element. It has brought with it anarchism and socialism and has taken advantage of the Freedom of our institutions to prop Date such ideas. It has Imp. trades unions those labor trusts with their vicious illegal unmanly methods. The cholera is the least of the evils with which immigration threatens us. At immediate result of this immense flood of immigrants has been an increase in the density of the population. Now it is Well known that Oiler tilings being equal As the density of population becomes greater the rate of natural increase diminishes. It matters not in the least How this increase in density of population is produced whether by immigration or by natural increase the result is the same. It follows that had there been no immigration the rate of the natural increase would have diminished less rapidly than it has and would today to greater than it is. By opening wide our doors to the poverty ignorance and crime of Europe we have reduced our own rate of increase and have substituted the lower classes of Europe for a or oven mesh and blood. Could altruism go farther this process has produced a curious result. The foreign born Clement has filled my practically monopolized the lower groups of avocations and has literally forced the native element up into the higher walks of life. Barring the negroes the labourers and mechanics of this country Are Pratti Cully foreigners or the sons of foreigners while on the other hand the professional men the merchants and the clerical class Are mainly of the Nai Jvn element. The brains and wealth of the country Are still the Possession of its native element. Henry Gannett. Faith and gratitude. What effect has this food produced upon in this half Century our num from in 18 population in. This half Century the incr of the foreign born ha3 increased perhaps 500,000 in 1840 to 0,121,867 90, As is shown below in tabular form / 1 native while. Foreign born percent. Foreign born to All White. 1800. 17.273,804 2,2 44,602 11.5 1800. .82.8 12,791 4,108.60 7 10.6 1870. 28.111.133 5.067,220 16.5 1880. 30.80->.047 6,670,018 15.4 1800. 45,86�.008 0.121.867 16.8 starting therefore with practically pure american blood in 1840, the proportion of the native born element dropped in 1850 to 88 5-10 per cent in 1860 to 84 4-10 per cent and since then Lias on the whole diminished go farther to 83 2-10 per cent. In 1890 the foreign born constituted almost one sixth of the White inhabitants. They were distributed very unequally. Few were found in Lye South but they were found Almo st entirely in the North and West where they constituted fully one fourth of the population while in certain states the population ran much higher. Thiis in Rhode Island and Wisconsin it reached 31 per cent in Minnesota 36 per cent and in North Dakota 45 per cent. In this state not much less than one half of were born in foreign lands. It this is not by any Means the Complete effect of foreign immigration upon our population. There is Little admixture of blood How a helpless coloured Man set Eis betters p. Good example. One of the peculiarities of the negro is his ready submission to a the Herd s a bout six weeks ago Thomas suns Crry a negro of fifty was caught in the Cave in of a Sand Bank in which he was working. After a great Deal of hard labor Tom was dug out by his fellow workers who hastened to his assistance. In a addition to internal injuries his left leg was broken. , his wife and child have for a number of years lived at no. 4 ferry Street within a stones throw of the merchants0 Bridge. Tom was a sufferer from last Springs food when his Little Home was under water for a Long time. After the father of Waters had subsided Tom and his wife set to work to make their Cabin a fit to live in a As he expressed it. When this was done Tom intent upon retrieving his losses went to work at Odd jobs. At last lie struck steady work in a Sand Bank. He was saving his wages paid his debts and began to a see Daylight ahead of then came the Cave in and suffering and destitution. The poor fellow alternately sits and lies in his old a to rest himself sometimes with a fire and often without one sometimes with something to eat and sometimes with nothing at his leg heals slowly notwithstanding its treatment by a doctor who charitably visits him regularly and does All that he can for the poor negro. Tom sat in his bed and told his hard Luck Exner Lenee without a murmur at Fato. A a it a Der Good lords Ivill a said he a and its All for de Hess. My wife dus what she Kin to make a Little Sumter. And she Jess watches me and tort it on me like i was a baby. Ill be All right agin Rne be by and by. I feels thankful a for what Enn body dose for me and in a so glad de paper people sent Dis Coal. You Kin see we ainu to got nun and its powerful i Nesum when you re got to be Ridout some Fiah Eben if you is in bed and Kiv ered up. When you looks out and secs de fire it Jess seems company like. And Den my leg hurts me wuss when its right cold. My old woman goes out and gits what Coal she Kin off de kyats but it Sun Sartin and god la show bres3 de Publick fur Dair goodness Ter Toms simple Faith patient suffering and genuine gratitude Are typical of his race Wice the republics free Coal fund Wagon has visited Tom s Cabin and in both instances pm Oki Owen i a a my a dlr dby pm to Ftp 000� pm cp��0c�i�0q�� Odd a ooh a Sqq Dod a do Didd Ftp 8�oddg0 Ftp Odds do a dds Oody a Bod it do Ftp a go Sidd am a a do p n1 a p0dd0dgd a Kje a Pai pm p 0x0. A a wandering of it would last us until Mawkin but now Bres god Well have snuff to keep us Nice and warm until you cum agin. In a so thankful and a pears like i git Peart or when i knows in a Gwine to have a Good fire until in Mable to work agin. In a powerful of legged to you All and ill never Tergit Tou. I guess ill be All right soon of its de Good lords and thus the poor helpless fellow goes on suffering but never doubting or complaining an example of resignation which others in better circumstances might Ponder Over with profit to themselves and Relief to their . Loui3 Republic. The woman flirt. Vanity first leads most Young wives to flirting. Suppose a Beautiful girl to be wooed and won by a Man in every Way suitable to her desires. Shelia accepted his love and his name and vowed to Cleave to him and to him Only till death parts them. The wooing has been mainly done in full dress at balls and operas or in hours tingling with the expectancy of such conditions. The Aroma of roses the Rustle of Silks and laces the notes of music the taste of Bonbons and sparkling wines were the atmosphere and the Days and weeks went by to the sense of flying feet in a ballroom or to enchanting loitering in greenhouses and behind Palms and Flowers on decorated stairways. The Young wife �3 unwilling to believe that marriage has other and Graver duties. She has been taught to live in the present Only and she is therefore cynical and apathetic concerning All things but dress and amusements. The husband has to return to business which has been somewhat neglected arrears of duty arc to be met. Lee feels it necessary to attend to the question of supplies lie is Likely a Little embarrassed by the Lonn Holiday of wooing and Honey mooning and he would be grateful for some retrenchment and retirement Lor the purpose off Home making. The Young wife Nas no such intentions she resents and contradicts them on every occasion and after the first Pang of disappointment is Over he finds it the most prudent and comfortable plan to be indifferent to her continued frivolity. He thinks that his wife is no worse than , and , and wives that she is quite Able to take care of herself and that in a multitude of adores there is safety. Thus in a majority of cases begins the career of the inn rect flirt. There is no salvation in the order of Matrimony no miracles wrought at the altar of Grace Church or at st. Thomas. She that is frivolous Giddy and selfish is Likely to continue frivolous Giddy and selfish and marriage merely supplies her with a wider Field and greater opportunities for the indulgence of her vanity and greed. She re enters society with every advantage of your Beauty wealth and Liberty released Iron the disabilities under which unmarried girls lie armed with new Powers to dazzle and to conquer. No longer a competitor for a matrimonial prize she is a rival ten times More dangerous than she was. Setting aside the wrong done to the sacred Ness of the con nubian relation she now becomes the most Subtle enemy to the prospects of All the unmarried girls in her set. What is the Bud of the perfect Rose the timid blushing Maiden pales and subsides before the married Siren who has the audacity and Charm of a of conscious intelligence. It is not without Good reason that special balls and parties have come into fashion for social buds they Are the need sary sequence to the predominance of married sirens v,.l whom in a mixed society no Young girl can Cope. They have the floor and the partners they monopolize All the attention and their pleasure is of the greatest importance. And their pleasure is to flirt to flirt in All places and at All hours. In vain will some Young aspirant to marriage display in the presence of the married flirt Het pretty accomplishments. She May sing her songs and play her mandolin never so sweetly but the Young men slip away with some one or the other of the piquant brides of the past year. Vanity in the first place leads Young wives to flirting but grosser motives soon follow for whatever other experiences Matrimony brings it generally stimulates a woman a love of Money Ami the married Siren soon makes her a a followers understand that she is a a very practical Little women and does not care for a sonnet or a serenade or a bouquet of fresh a Summers cruise in a Fine yacht a seat on a coach an opera Box a jewel dinners drives and luncheons Are All the blackmail which the married flirt expects in return for her sighs sentiment and Argonaut. Sixty eight Miles an hour. Ven Ienco of travellers to and from the cities mentioned. The advantage of the new line consists not so much in the shortening of the distance but in the fact that through travel will not be interfered with by local trains or municipal restrictions As to the rate of Speed in City limits. An enormous number of local passenger trains Are run Between Jersey City and Rahway and a great Many run a through to new Brunswick. Although the Road is four tracked All the distance the facilities Are not adequate and As it would Cost a Large sum to put in two More tracks it has been decided to build an entirely new Road for Twenty five Miles. When this cutoff is completed it will be possible to reduce the running time half an hour. Ten years ago the company established a two hours schedule from City to City and since that time the roadbed has been improved greatly More powerful engines employed and grades Ana alignments bettered out there has been no change in the time schedule. With the distance to Jersey City trip be made in seventy five minutes or at the rate of sixty eight Miles an hour leaving fifteen minutes for the trip in the ferryboat. A Philadelphia inquirer. Address packages carefully. The visit was timely. A a in bout Gin you up but i see you ainu to forgot old Tom and Hia poor wife and child i bin. A watching Dat last Lump of or Coal Yander and Pennsylvania making improvements to better its train service. The Pennsylvania Railroad proposes to shorten the distance Between this City and new York by constructing a cutoff Twenty five Miles in length from new Brunswick to a Point on the outskirts of Jersey City. The line was Laid out three or four years ago and Charters were procured covering the route and last week a License was taken out for the construction of a Bridge Over the Passaic River. The route is almost a direct line and will avoid the cities of Rath Way Elizabeth and Newark. It will be used exclusively by express trains an improved local service being established for the con see what is lost by carelessly addressed mail. The governments paternal care Over mail matter is Well illustrated by the manner of handling Christmas packages which have lost their covers. Over 600 of these were held by the inquiry department awaiting identification. By systematic work owners for a number of the packages have been found but 200 yet remain unidentified. Among tie articles not yet claimed Are Large numbers of finely embroidered silk handkerchiefs a solid Silver cup Silver match Safe Corkscrew and Button. There Are also a couple of bibles a pretty doll baby two pairs of slippers neckties and Scarf pins. Among the valuables which reached the office without identifying Marks and which owners have already claimed were several Gold rings and pieces of silverware. A Well known Railroad official Learned that a solid Silver Basket filled with fruit had been intended for him. By Means of remaining scraps or portions of tags the department obtained some inkling of addresses and sent letters to either the senders or supposed expectant recipients requesting them to Call and identify. Hundreds have called on the inquiry department to Trace lost packages which they Nave been informed Hau been sent to them. The majority of them have been satisfied by having the intended gifts discovered for them. In nearly every ease the trouble wa3 caused by remarkable and unaccountable carelessness of the sender in doing up the packages. A Philadelphia Call. An exercise in proverbs. A new England Schoolman am obtained i situation out in Arkansas and became so successful that she determined to give an a Chiba Ion of her pupils Progress and invited All their parents Tobe present on Friday evening. The entertainment moved satisfactorily to All concerned. A now a said the teacher toward the close a i want every boy to repeat some proverb that he iras heard. This is entirely Impromptu a the teacher explained to the parents but i feel sure that the boys will do themselves credit although they did not know in Advance that they were to be called upon. Now Johnnie can you give an example of some old saying that you have found helped you a a fall is not Gold that glitters a replied Johnnie. A very Good. Very Good a a a be virtuous Ana you la be Happy a a said Jimmie. Quot that a splendid. Why you boys remind me so much of a school i once taught in Boston a responded the fair teacher. A a a the germ of ambition is the Chrysalis of Wisdom said Willie. And so Down the class she went until she got to Peck Smith. He Wasny to very Bright and she intended to skip him but he seemed anxious to say something and she asked him if he knew any old proverb. He did. A a a stump tailed Yaller dog is the Best for Coons a a announced Peck and the Joy of his relatives reached such a pitch that his father paid a years tuition in Advance before he left the Young people. Want to be outraged again. We observe with interest that democratic papers which considered it an outrage that Wyoming and Idaho should be admitted to statehood with an insufficient population Are now clamouring for the admission of Arizona which contains fewer people than journal. Relative Economy. Superintendent Porter describes his census taking As a a Marvel of measured by the amount of work done the census office May have been economically managed but measured by the value of the product the return is not Likely to be More than Tiffy cents on the Ledger. Cincinnati knows to Jas. See sawing in represented in the As barges go Down Coal

Search All Newspapers in Cincinnati, Ohio

Advanced Search

Search Courier

Search the Cincinnati Tribune Today with a Free Trial

We want people to find what they are looking for at NewspaperArchive. We are confident that we have the newspapers that will increase the value of your family history or other historical research. With our 7-day free trial, you can view the documents you find for free.

Not Finding What You Were Looking for on This Page of The Cincinnati Tribune?

People find the most success using advanced search. Try plugging in keywords, names, dates, and locations, and get matched with results from the entire collection of newspapers at NewspaperArchive!

Looking Courier

Browse Newspapers

You can also successfully find newspapers by these browse options. Explore our archives on your own!

By Location

By Location

Browse by location and discover newspapers from all across the world.

Browse by Location
By Date

By Date

Browse by date and find publications for a specific day or era.

Browse by Date
By Publication

By Publication

Browse old newspaper publications to find specific newspapers.

Browse by Publication
By Collection

By Collection

Browse our newspaper collections to learn about historical topics.

Browse by Collection

NewspaperArchive FAQs

Looking for more information? If you’re not ready to talk to a representative, here are some frequently asked questions to help you determine if institutional access to Newspaper Archive is for you and your institution.

Newspapers allow readers to step into the life and times of past decades and centuries from all over the world. Not only do they have interesting and unique articles and photos, but they also have advertisements, comics, classifieds, and more.
The NewspaperArchive collection can be searched several different ways - advanced search, browse, and publications. The advanced search offers filters to narrow your search for more precise results.
NewspaperArchive’s collection of newspapers boasts more than 85% unique content compared to other newspaper sites. In addition to big city newspapers, we have a wide variety of newspapers from small towns that hold a wealth of information about day-to-day life. Our collection dates back to 1607!