Cincinnati Herald in Cincinnati, Ohio
11 May 1974

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Cincinnati Herald in Cincinnati, Ohio
11 May 1974

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Cincinnati Herald (Newspaper) - May 11, 1974, Cincinnati, OhioAFTER 20-YEARSSCHOOLS STILL NOT INTEGRATED Nashville, Tenn-Twenty years ago, on May 17,1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against segregated public schools. However, the 20 years since the court’s decision in Brown v, Topeka Board of Education have not been 20 years of school desegregation, according to the May issue of Race Relations Reporter. The original rulings in Brown called for compliance “with all deliberate speed " The Reporter notes that defiant white resistance, legal maneuvering, legislative barricades and the question of Southern de jure as opposed to Northern de facto segregation caused delays in school desegregation. And the desegregation movement did not gain impetus until the second decade. The Reporter’s May issue summarizes 20 years of school desegregation statistics in the South and nation. The magazine is a publication of Race Relations Information Center, Nashville, Tenn. The Center began in May, 1954, as Southern Education Repor ting Service, created by a biracial group of newsmen and educators to provide a factual source of information on school desegregation developments. The Reporter article shows that on the 20th anniversary (A the first Brown decision, approximately half of the South’s black students attend predominantly white schools. Less than 10 percent of the region’s total black enrollment remains in all black schools. Twenty years is a long time and perhaps it has been forgotten that the Supreme Court issued two Brown decisions, each a year apart, the Reporter says. On May 17, 1954, the court held: “Separate educational facilities are inherently ^^gnequal.” The cases before ^ the court had been filed as class actions, although they came on behalf of individual plaintiffs from five separate school districts: Topeka, Kans.; Clarendon County, S.C.; Prince Edward County, Va.; New Castle County, Del.; and Washingt(Hi, D.C. Because of the class nature of these suits and the great variety oi local conditions that the court would have to consider, the first opinion called for additional arguments. On May 31, 1955, the Justices issued the secmkl opinion, remanding the cases to the courts of origin and calling for the lower courts to “require that the defendants make a prompt and reasonable start toward full compliance” with the previous year’s ruling. The Supreme Court also called for compliance "with all deliberate speed,’’ a phrase that became a key in the years of controversy following the ruling. During the first 10 years after Brown, compliance efforts focused almost entirely on the 17 Southern and border states that had required segregation by law. The percentage of blacks in the 11 Southern states who attended desegregated schools remained less than one percent until the 1963-64 school year. In 1964, the Congress pas^ the Civil Ri^ts Act forbidding discrimination in education and withholding funds from segregated schools. Through the 1964-65 school year. Southern Education Reporting Service, the predecessor of Race Relations Information Center, was the only source for the region’s statistics on school desegregation. In that school year, the 11 Southern states had 2.25 percent of its black students attending schools with whites. Beginning with 1965-66, the U. S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare began monitoring school desegregation and 6.1 percent of the black students in the South attended desegregat^ schools. The pace of desegregation .quickened with the 1966-67 school year and Ú.9 percent (rf the public school black students attended desegregated schools. The figure doubled two years later, reaching 32 percent (Continued on page 13) (Jnemployment Rises For Blaek Veterans VOL. 17 NO. 45 . CINCINNATI, OHIO SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1974 PRICE 20< PHONE 221-5440 Is Ralph Bates Alive And Well In Atlanta? Sara Yarborough and Clive Thompson perform the pas de deux from “The Lark Ascending,” in the production of “Alvin Ailey: Memories and Visions,” a SOUL! special which will be telecast nationally over the Public Broadcasting Service as a SPECIAL OF THE WEEK, May 11 at 10 p.m. on Channel 48 WCET. Did The GOP Fire Fleming? Rev. Morris Fleming, pastor of. Uie Metropolitan Baptist Chureh, responding to a Herald Inquiry said he believed he had been fired by the Republican Party. On the eve of last Tuesday’s primary election precinct executives from the 17th Ward called this newspaper to protest what they believed to be the ouster of the well known minister and Republican stalwart. Fleming claims that he has been to organizational meetings, but has not received the regular mailings that come to those elected as Ward Chairman. Fleming is or was the Chairman of the 17th Ward in the West End. What seems strange at this time, when Earl Barnes, K. Marl Republican Chairman, is facing an ouster move himself from the Taft-Lindner-Keating forces, is that black precinct executives would be riled by what could be the ouster of one of the party’s staunchest supporters. Fleming was one of the few blacks who had the courage to publicly back Senator Barry Goldwater when he made his bid for president. He has been a candidate for both City Council and the State house of representatives. He has worked in every major campaign of all black candidates including some for Mayor Ted Berry. At one time he was coordinator for the local NAACP and has headed (Continued ai page 14) Mark Twain, we believe it was, in answer to a report that he had died said: “Reports of my death have been greatly exaggerated.” Thus it may be with the persistent rumors presently gaining currency in the sporting community. For the last week almost all of the city’s top players have said one of their brightest starsj. Ralph Bates, had been slain in Atlanta, Georgia. This rumor closely parallels the rumors that was persistent when Bates closed his popular record shop on Linn and Armory following acquittal of a burglarly charge and moved to Atlanta. In spite of the fact that almost everyone knew Bates was in Atlanta the word was that he was hiding from the Federal Bureau of Investigaticm and-or the Mafia because a contract had been taken out on him. The recent rumors say that Bates had been shot in the head, a hit man’s technique, and that a woman had killed him. In order to substantiate the rumor that Bates had fled the city seems to have fallen along the wayside because Capitol-Decca record officials verified that Bates had been an emplbyee of their distributing company. His employment was terminated in August of ’73. Further the Cincinnati Herald contacted the Atlanta Pdice D^rtment who advised that they had no record of a shooting of one Ralph Bates. Friends of Bates, who understandably are closed mouthed in the tradition of the world of players, report to the Herald that Bates is alive and well and doing his thing. At any rate, this newspaper’s investigation could not corroborate the rumors from friends and acquainianees and officials in Atlanta, plus newspaper friends in that city. Omega Dinner NAACP Launches National Drive Buyers Respond To New Hours Set For May 18 The Honorable H. Carl Moultrie I, Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia will be the Achievement Dinner speaker on Saturday, May 18, 1974, at 7:45 p.m. at the Sharonville Ramada Inn when Beta Iota Chapter of Omega, Psi Phi Fraternity, honors out-^ standing citizens of the community at its annual Judge Moultrie hails from    Moultrie Charleston, South Carolina a Theology. He holds a Masters graduate of .Lincoln of Arts in Business Ad-University of Oxford Penn- ministration from New York sylvania where he received (Continued on page 14) degrees in Sociology and Washington-The unemployment rate among black veterans in the first quarter 1974 rose to 11.8 percent, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics has announced. Based on data not seasonally adjusted, the unemployment rate for black veterans, at 11.8 percent was little different from the 10.9 percent rate for black nonveterans in the same age group of 20 to 34 years of age. But it was double the rate for white veterans of the same ages-5.5 percent. In the first quarter of 1974 the unemployment rates for both ' black and white veterans, 20 to 34 years, were back up to year-ago levels, losing the decided overpthe-year improvements registered in the fourth quarter of 1973. Overall, the employment of Vietnam-era veterans, 20 to 34 years, continued to rise in the first quarter of 1974, but the number employed and the unemployment rate also rose. On a seasonally adjusted basis, veterans’ employment increased by 133,000 over the quarter to 5.4 million, but, in line with the pattern for all workers, the gain was not enough to absorb the increase in their labor force. Unemployment Tose by about 60,000 to 290,000 and the unemployment rate moved up from 4.2 to 5.1 percent, about the same level as that for the first three quarters of 1973. Virtually all of the jobless increase occurred among veterans under age 30. The average unemployment rate for the younger (20-24), more recently discharged veterans rose to 9.9 percwit from 7.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 1973, but was essentially the same as a year earlier. The substantially lower rate 3.9 percent for veterans 25 to 29, percent, also increased over the quarter and was about the same as a year ago. At 2.9 percent, the rate for veterans 30 to 34 has shown only minor fluctuations for the past 2 years. With the slowing of military demobilization during the last 2 years and the aging of veterans discharged earlier, a growing majority of Vietnam-era veterans are in the older age groups. By the first quarter of 1974, almost as many vetif ana in the civUkm labor force were in ages 30-34 (1.2 million) as in agss 20-24 (1.3 million). As the number of older veterans cwitinues to increase, their lower jobless rate wiU have a greater affect on the overall unemployment rate for veterans. (Continued on page 13) NEW YORK - In a message to all units of the Nati(Hial Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Director of Branches Gloster B. Curr«it sought to rally supporters of the civil rights organizaticHi to the “100,000 More in ’74” membership campaign by informing them of the recent successful fight in San Francisco to protect the basic human rights of black Americans. In that city, the NAACP recently won a cwirt injunction barring the almost indiscriminate stop and search procedures that the San Francisco police were using against black men fitting rough descriptions of the so-called “Zebra killers.” They were allegedly responsible for the senseless murders of 12 white persons. The NAACP objected to the search procedure because it violated Fourteenth Amendment due process rights of the black community. The NAACP’s victory in this case, Mr. Current .informed the branches, was the best example to date that the “Association is still in the (Continued on page 13) Cincy To Host Social Workers Cincinnati-Whether they worked late and had to pick up bread and milk for breakfast the next morning, were picking up a few items forgotten on the weekly grocery shopping trip, or were just plain curious about shopping at midnight, the late hour customers at K Mart Food Stores last night all agreed 4hat the new never-close policy was a definite bonus. Five K Mart Food Stores in the Cincinnati area were opened on a permanent 24-hour schedule beginning last night. The stores will only close between midnight Saturday and 8 a.m. Sunday. An informal poll of shoppers during the first evening of K Mart Food’s round-the-clock operation revealed that most were there because of the convenience of shopping late at night-after work or daytime schedules which would not allow a shopping trip earlier. (Continued on page 14) ^ EEOC Wim m Million Pact With Steel Companies ^    a    «•    vm    nr\    Gf    Aol    ...... Nine of the nation’s major steel companies signed an agreement with the federal government today to expand job opportunities for minorities and women and to give them almost $31 million in back pay. The agreement - one of the most significant equal employment opportunity settlements obtained by the government - was announced today by Attorney General William B. Saxbe, Chairman John H. Powell, Jr., of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and Secretary of Labor Peter J. Brennan. The agreement is contained in two consent decrees filed in U.S. District Court in Birmingham, Albama, which resolve an employment Inc.; Armco Steel Corporation; Bethlehem Steel Corporation; Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation; National Steel Corporation; Republic Steel Corp9ration; United States Steel Corporation; Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corporation; and Youngstown Sl^ Tube Company. The United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO, was also named as a defendant in the suit and signed one of the consent decrees. The nine companies, which produce about 73 percent of the raw steel in the United States, employ 347,679 workers, of whom 52,545 are black, 7,646 are Spanish-sumamed, and 10,175 are women. Cincinnati, Ohio will host the 101st Annual Forum of the National Conference on Social Welfare May 19-23, 1974. "Mobilizing for a Just Society” will be the overall Forum theme and the topic of the Presidental Address on opening night to be given by NCSW President, Dr. Philip M. Hauser, Director, Population Research Center, University of Chicago. Present to extend greetings at the Opening (jeneral Session will also be Hon. Robert Taft, Jr., U.S. Senator from Ohio; Hon. John J. Gilligan, (jovemor of Ohio, and Hon. Ted Berry, Mayor of Cincinnati. Nearly 5,000 persons are expected to attend the 200 meetings during * the week. To|hcs will cover a IxNwd range - including health and mental health, income maintenance, urban decay, juvenile delinquency, drug and alcohol abuse, prison, reform, status of women, problems of minorities including American Indians and-Appalachia, volunteers and voluntarism, supplemental security income, poverty, unemployment and underemployment, leisure-time needs etc. On Monday, May 20 an all-day seminar will be held for all Forum registrants on “Economic Determinants of Social Problems.” After a keynote session in the morning, 49 small group seminars will meet to discuss, and draft a platform statement to be adopted by the Forum. Among the other speakers of national interest during the' week will be Hon. Howard M. Metzenbaum, U.S. Senator from Ohio; Hon. John Conyers, Jr., of Detroit, U.S. Representative from Michigan’s 1st District; Jack Conway of Washington, (Continued on page 13) Herald Publisher On Chest Board Charles Kelloni The suit, filed by tl» Justice discriminatiOT suit fil^ at tha- Department on behalf of K Mart Food’s cashier Julie Grimes hands a flashlight to Jessie Dowdell, one of the first choppers to take advantage of the supermarket’s new 24-hour, round-the-clock operation. The flashlight, denoting energy, was given to the first 50 customers at each of K Mart Food’s five Cincinnati area stores tb symbolize that the stores will be getting more effective use of their energy dollar on the 24-hour schedule. Store officiafe pomted out that heating and refrigeration equipment and lighting were always on anyway because store shelves are stocked at night. • same titae. The nine steelmakers will pay $30,940,000 to an estimated 40,048 black, Spanish-surnamed, and women employees at 249 facilities. Amounts will range from a minimum of $250 to upwards of $3,000, based on length of service and hourly earnings.    -    — Companies named in' the suit and signers of the consent decrees were Al-legheny-Ludlum Industries, Mr. Charles lCélIom,^raerly Executive Director of the Cincinnati Industrial Mission, has accepted a position of Employee Relations Manager at the C^fporeie Headquarters with Ryder System, Incorporated, (R.S.I. in Miami, Fla.). The announcement was made by Messrs. Russell Buzby, Vice President^of Personnel, and John P. Nee, Director of Employee Relations for H.S.I. in Miami. Mr. Kellom will be working with the largest truck rental and leasing company in the United States. His responsibility will ic v^ivii xvi^iM    involve    personnel policy development, labor relations, equal The suit said(^ companies employment q^rtunity, and affirmative acticm.    ^ have followed ( a policy of A native of CincinnaU, Ohio, Mr. KeUom atte^ Cincinnati Public Schools, graduating from Robert A. Taft High School in 1961. He later attended the University of Cincinnati, where he received both his Bachelor’s of Science and Master’s of Education degrees from the College of Education. Secretary BrcWHM and by EEOC, charged the steel companies and union with violating Executive Order 11246,- which prohibits discrimination by federal contractors, and Title VII of the Civil Rights 1964. hiring and assigning employees on the basis <rf ráce, color, sex, and national origin with minority and women (Continued on page 13) Cincinnati-Newly elected members    to    the    Board    of Trustees, Community Chest & Council, have been announced by Walter L. Lingle, Jr., President    of    the    Board    of Trustees.    ^ “The Board is    made    up primarily of people proposed to the Nominating Committee by the divisions and councik of the Chest,” Lingle said, “and also includes members proposed at large. “Anyone in the community who is interested can submit appn^riate names to the Nominating Committee,” Lingle explained. "This assures a strong, broadly r^resentative Board which can effectively carry out the important work of the Community Chest.” Elected to a 3-year term, expiring March 1977, are W. Wallace Abbott, John W. Beatty, Mrs. William Blaine, John M. Bullock, Thomas F. Cole, Miles J. Doan, John W. Gantt, William B. LeMasters, Quentin Nesbitt, Harold F. Nieman, Mrs. R<^rt J. Paul, Mrs. Bobbie Sterne, Bailey Turner, and Harold „W. Walker. Elected to a 2-year term, expiring March 1976, are Philip 0. Geier, Jr., Mrs. Hartwell Parham, Charles Mechem, Jr.,^and William P. Sheehan. Mark Upson has been named Honorary Life Member of the Conununity Chest & Council fw his outstanding service to the health and welfare (tf the conh munity.

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