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Cincinnati Commercial (Newspaper) - October 29, 1866, Cincinnati, OhioThe Cincinnati commercial. Vol. Xxv1i.-no. 66.Cincinnati, monday morning october 29, 1866. Price file cents the fenian. Letter from or. Seward to the British minister. Postponement of execution of Lynch and m Mahon asked. Our government to review the proceedings in the trials. A. Plea for amnesty and forgiveness. Canadians anxious for execution of the prisoners. Anticipated attempt to res a Cue them. Five Hundred Irish americans in Toronto. meeting in Buffalo. Excitement among the brotherhood in new Yor reorganization of fenian in St. Louis. Telegraphic correspondence or. Seward to the United states Consul at Toronto. The following document have been received Here a department of state a Washington october 27,1866. A. Thurston eaq., United states Consul Toronto Canada West a a sir for your information i enclose a copy of a note of this Date which i have addressed to sir Frederick w. A. Bruce the British minister Here upon the subject of the conviction and sentence of James Lynch and John Mcmahon by a colonial court of Canada on the charge of complicity and participation in the late attack on fort Erie. A in accordance with the purpose expressed in that communication you Are expected to procure without delay for the use of this department a copy of the record of the trial and conviction of Lynch and Mcmahon and also of All further trials and convictions of a similar character which shall take place in Canada with the least possible delay alter their termination. Quot i am sir your obedient servant a a we. H. or. Seward to the British minister. A department of state 1 Washington october 27, 1866. A a sir it is understood that Jas. Lynch and Jno. Mcmahon have been recently convicted in a colonial court of Canada and sentenced to death upon a charge that being citizens of the United states they were actors in the assault in the month of june last at fort Erie in that Colony. A it can hardly be necessary to direct your attention to the fact that the government of the United states is required by the highest consideration of National dignity duty and Honor to inquire into the legality Justice and regularity of the judicial proceedings which have thus taken place and that after making such a careful scrutiny we shall expect to make known to her majesty a government such opinions As the president upon due consideration shall adopt. A with this View the counsel of the United states at Toronto is this Day instructed to procure for the information of this department a copy of the record of the trial and conviction of Lynch and Mcmahon and also of All further trials and Oon fictions of a similar character which shall take place in Canada. A while no unnecessary delay in th9 examination. Of the cases which Are thus expected to come before this government is intended it May nevertheless happen hereafter that delays May unavoidably result from past incidents or from future events which cannot now be foreseen. A i have now the Honor to request you to take such proceedings As you May think proper to the end that such applications of the Consul shall be promptly granted. A the president directs me to assure you of his confident Hope that her majesty a government will not Only cheerfully comply with the request 1 have thus made but that they will think proper also to examine the judicial proceedings aforesaid with a careful regard to the rights of the United states and to the maintenance of Good relations Between the two countries. Such relations ure always difficult and delicate in states that Are adjacent to each other without being separated by impassible boundaries. For this reason it would be very Gratifying to the president if you should be Able to give me an Assurance that the execution of the sentences pronounced upon the convicted persons will be suspended if occasion for delay shall arise in the manner before mentioned to make it advisable. Quot finally i deem it proper to say that the offences involved in these trials Are in their nature eminently political. It is the opinion of this government that sound policy coincides with the first impulses of a benevolent nature in recommending tenderness amnesty and forgiveness in such Caes. This suggestion is made with Freedom and earnestness because the same opinions were proposed to us in our recent civil War by All the governments and publicists of Europe and by none of them with greater frankness and kindness than by the government and statesmen of great Britain. A i am very sure that you will find that the recommendations of a policy of clemency and forgiveness in the Case of the parties concerned were in entire Harmony with All the suggestions and representations which this government has made to her majesty a government in regard to the aggressions which have been made on the Canadian Frontier and that they wore also in Harmony with the proceedings which this government has thought it just Wise and prudent to pursue in regard to the violation of its own neutrality Laws which were involved in their aggressions. I have the Honor to be with the highest consideration sir your obedient servant. Quot we. H. Seward. A to the Hon. Sir Frederick w. A. feeling against the fenian prisoners in Canada probable acquittal of Lumsden a apprehensions of Rescue. Special to the Cincinnati commie dial. Toronto. C. W., october 28. Reports that the new York fenian Are threatening retaliation is doing great injury to the prisoners. The people throughout the province say that the fenian sentenced must be executed to a How the fenian on the other Side that Canada is not afraid of their threats. The entire Canadian press say the prisoners must bang and that Boh erts and the association care nothing for these prisoners. Some fears Are entertained by the citizens that the prisoners May escape through the assistance of friends in the City As several Hundred Irish americans Are in the City apparently out of employment and it is thought that these May attempt a Rescue and escape to the american Side. It is not believed that evidence can be found sufficient to convict Lumsden whose Case was continued to saturday. Petitions Are to be circulated immediately and sent to the governor general to be of awarded to the Home government to have the sentence commuted to imprisonment. The fenian prisoners at Cornwall Are to be indicted on monday for High treason and Are to be tried on the following wednesday if the grand jury find True Bills against them. Fenian meeting in Buffalo. Special to the Cincinnati commercial. Buffalo october 28. The meeting to night at St. James Hall in response to a Call in yesterdays papers was fully attended and a great number of persons were unable to gain Entrance to the Hall. The principal speaker was senator a. L. Morrison. The object of the meeting was to protest against the result of the fenian trials in Canada and devise Means for the Relief of the convicted men or at least threaten retaliation if the sentences should to carried into effect. The american Flag which with the Irish National Flag was borne through the Hall was draped in mourning. The British government and Canadian officials were denounced and the greatest excitement and enthusiasm prevailed. A second indignation meeting will be held tomorrow evening. The excitement in new York. New York october 28. The excitement in the City Over the fenian trials and sentences was Lively yesterday and threats of severe retaliation were freely made by the fenian if the sentences should be carried into effect. It is expected by Many that the president will intercede in behalf of the unfortunate persons. Fenian movements in St. Louis. To the associated press St. Louis october 28. James Stephens has appointed ton prominent fenian of this City As a committee of organization for Missouri who Are to have supreme control of the brotherhood in this state and Are authorized to establish circles Issue commissions to military men in the interest of Ireland collect Money and War material for the use of the Irish Republic and in All other ways compatible with the Laws of the United states to serve the cause of Ireland. The committee Call upon All friends of Ireland to immediately reorganize and put themselves in communication with the committee from whom All necessary information and instructions May to obtained. A meeting of fenian is called for tuesday night to consider what action is necessary to be taken in the Case of father Mcmahon and colonel Lynch sentenced to death by the British govern ment. _ telegraphic correspondence Cincinnati commercial new Orleans. The 1864 convention canard Cotton prospects Petroleum Sheridan a uncomplimentary reference to the a buc care Era a fire Hainsw River news. New Orleans october 28. The Rumor that judge Howell As acting president of the 1864 convention would re Convene it and that a number of members heretofore opposed to it would join and that the governor would Issue a proclamation ordering elections to fill vacancies seems unfounded. Nothing is known officially but the governor in his famous letter to Jones expressed different views. F. G. Lerron late major general in the Union army now Cotton broker in this City has returned from a tour of inspection through All the parishes and reports the prospects of the Cotton crop As gloomy. The fair weather came too late to save it. William g. Swann president of the Louisiana Petroleum company in his report says a after a thorough examination of the Oil regions above mentioned a visit to the Calcasieu Springs excites Surprise and astonishment. The superficial indications though similar in every respect to what May be seen in Canada Are a Hundred Yold greater than those which prompted the first experiments there. Several openings have already been made on our property to a depth of from sixty to one Hundred feet. In every instance not a foot of Progress has been made without encountering Oil and Gas exactly like those of Canada. Indeed so thoroughly is the Earth where we Are operating saturated with Oil that the men have found it impossible to procure water for drinking and Cook ipg otherwise than in the scanty Quantity collected during a rain from the roof of the shanty that gives them shelter. The following card appears in this mornings papers a the undersigned commercial agent of Mexico at the request of several mexicans residing in new Orleans most solemnly protests against the unbecoming and insulting language adopted by major general Sheridan in referring to his majesty the Emp ror of Mexico in his proclamation touching mexican f. P. Decastello chief of police is to show cause before the criminal court Why certain Money letters and documents taken in the Case of Hartly charged with embezzling state Bonds to the amount of $60,000, and in a robbery Case of $2,000, should not be turned Over to the court. A distillery and liquor store were totally destroyed by fire last night. Loss $30,000, there have been heavy Rains to Day. Tho Steamer Ezra Porter arrived from Vicksburg. The Commonwealth deported for St. Louis. Telegraphic correspondence Cincinnati commercial Chicago. Butlers reception at Detroit fenian Maas meeting weather return of Pacific Railroad excursion party. Chicago october 28. General Butler met with a Fine reception in Detroit last evening. An immense crowd of people gathered at the depot notwithstanding the rainstorm. To Greet the arrival of the distinguished orator. He spoke for an hour and a half to a crowd in the depot being repeatedly and loudly applauded and was then escorted to the Russell House where a Public Ball took place. On his Way from this City to Detroit general Butler made Brief speeches at the principal towns on the line of the Michigan Central Railroad receiving at each place a flattering ovation. 1 a fenian mass meeting has been called in this City next tuesday night to protest against the action of the Canadian authorities in the treatment of the fenian prisoners on trial. Hon. William d. Kelly of Pennsylvania is to address the people of this City to Morrow evening. The weather continues cold wet and dark. The Pacific Railroad excursion party arrived Here at 11 of clock to night from the far West by special train Over the Northwestern Railroad and Are now quartered at the Tremont House. They will remain in this City two or three Days. The weather is growing cold and ice forming in sheets. _ Frost in Northern Georgia. Special to the Cincinnati commercial. Nashville tinn., october 28. There was a heavy killing Frost in part of Northern Georgia last wednesday night which destroyed Cotton peas and potato vines and indeed All vegetation except a few of the most Hardy plants. Washington. Telegraphic correspondence Cincinnati commercial Washington october 28. An Appel to the president on behalf of the fenian. A committee of Irish citizens appointed at a meeting in new York have arrived Here to induce the government to take some measures to prevent the execution of the american citizens now under sentence of death in Canada on Tho conviction of Fenia ism. The president and Secretary of state have already taken the matter into consideration. Improving the mail arrangements. The Post office department is in consultation with the presidents of the connecting lines of railways Between Washington and the West to see if some schedule can be agreed upon to secure a More rapid and prompt delivery of the mails. Land office business. The commissioner of the general land office has received returns from the Branch land office at Ionia Michigan showing that during september 12,460 acres of the Public lands were entered in that state for actual settlement. Personal. Generals Sherman and Grant occupied a private Box together at Tho theatre last night. The sex rebel general Dick Taylor had an interview yesterday with general Grant. The mexican Republic in Montgomery county. Minister Campbell has left for his Home in Ohio. The Republican says that the telegraphic announcement in the new York times that he had received his instructions and had been ordered to proceed immediately to his Post of duty and that he had asked for a delay in the time of his departure is without any authority in truth. When colonel Campbell receives his instructions he will promptly obey them. The French in Mexico. A dispatch from Galveston Texas to a gentleman Here says that intelligence received there shows that the French Are making preparations for a general evacuation of Mexico before the first of january. To the associated press. The lower California colonization scheme. The Grant for the colonization of the vacant lands of lower California to an american company consisting of c. K. Garrison. Caleb Cushing William g. Fargo. General Butler Francis Morris Edward s. Sanford William r. Traverse George Wilkes and others has recently been confirmed by Tho Juarez government Ana the parties recently received their formal order of Possession through Tho mexican minister at Washington. This Grant it May be recollected was made Anterior to the arrival of Maximilian in Mexico consequently its title is held to be without objection and also that the Grant to an american company makes it an american interest which is entitled to american Protection. Tithe colonists Are authorized to make All necessary Laws and regulations for their government provided they do not conflict with Tho Constitution and general Laws of the Republic. The articles of agreement Are very Liberal to the parties directly interested it being now the mexican policy to encourage colonization of american citizens for the development of the resources of the country. The evacuation of Mexico. So far from its being True As has been stated that the French government has intimated a desire for an Extension of time for the withdrawal of the French troops from Mexico the accounts received in this City indicate that they will All be removed from that country in a much Shorter period of time than that heretofore mentioned by the French Cairo port list burglary at Paducah. Special to the Cincinnati commercial i a Cairo october 28. The following is our port list for the past Twenty four hours Louisville Louisville to new Orleans Rose Franks from Marietta Only Chance John Sonville to St. Louis Armada Evansville to return Trover St. Louis to Eastport Keota St. Louis to Cincinnati. The Louisville Rose Franks and Keota were fully Laden. The Only Chance and Trover had moderate cargoes and the Armada had fourteen stoves Twenty four pots and seventeen barrels of apples for Cairo two horses and thirty three packages sundries for Memphis seventy barrels apples eight packages eggs and cheese for new Orleans. The River fell two feet. Weather Cloudy with heavy rain during the afternoon. Business Dull. Robinsons store at Paducah was broken into on Friday night and robbed of$500 Worth of boots and clothing. The thieves were traced to the River and a suspicious Skiff was heard of. The police followed to Cairo and took the Columbus packet which overtook the Skiff near the Island. The Skiff was hailed but two men in it paid no attention except to keep the Skiff so near the Shore that the Steamer could not approach. A yawl was then lowered when the Skiff was hauled rapidly ashore and although fifteen shots were fired at the men they escaped into the Woods. The Skiff was captured and found to contain All of the stolen goods. _ new Orleans. Europe. Increase of military Force in Texas protest from an agent of Maximilian Ortega and Bis expedition stopped. New Orleans october. 28. General i Heintzleman has succeeded general Getty in command of the department of Texas. Ten More companies of infantry will be immediately ordered to Texas All the cavalry has gone to the Frontier. Francisco p. De Castillo representative of the Imperial mexican government has published a protest against the language adopted by Sheridan respecting Maximilian in his letter touching mexican interests. The mexican Consul Here to Day inquired at the military Headquarters if Ortega would be prevented from entering Mexico. The commander was absent but adjutant general Crosby advised that Ortega should not attempt to leave until the general returns to Morrow. Ortega has a Large Force ready on the Rio Grande to Cross with him but the policy of the government is clearly defined and he will not be permitted to enter Mexico at present. S 6 Louisville. Judge attacked by a policeman How colonel i Ynch came to accompany the fenian. Louisville by. October 28. Judge Craig of the City court was this afternoon assailed by policeman Stoney and seriously injured. Accounts of the ground of the assault Are so conflicting that an examination must be had before the cause thereof can be ascertained. It is rumoured but discredited in Legal circles that the court of appeals has decided that general Palmer was guilty of felony for assisting in the escape of slaves while he was commander of this military District. _ t on the authority of colonel Starr commanding the late fenian expedition now Here we state that the colonel Lynch convicted and sentenced to be Hung at Toronto was a Book keeper in a mercantile House in this City. He was sent with the fenian expedition by his employers lift had no rank in the fenian organization and did not belong to the expedition. He accompanied it merely As an adventurer to report to his employers. Colonel Starr offered Lynch a commission which Lynch refused to another Shipwreck. Savannah october 28. The Brig Mora from Savannah to Cardenas with lumber was wrecked and abandoned Twenty five Miles from Cape Cana Ravos Light on the 9th inst. William c. Walters first mate and one coloured Seaman died and the Captain and one Man Are missing. A Gustave Hieble second mate three coloured seamen a boy and one passenger escaped on a raft and arrived at Jacksonville. Naturalization frauds. New York. October 28. A discovery was made yesterday by the clerk of the court of Commora pleas that the name of judge Cardozo had been forged to several naturalisation papers. Arrival of steamship Allemania. Dissolution of the British parliament expected. English volunteers visiting Brussels health of the emperor Napoleon not improved. Payment of the italian to Austria. Indemnity restoration of the Iron Crown of Lombardy. Progress of the insurrection in Crete City of Candiano evacuated turks. By the ovation of or. Peabody at Baltimore or. Peabody a speech from the Baltimore commercial of Friday at noon yesterday a scene unparalleled in the his tory of the monumental City was witnessed twelve Hundred of them slain in one Battle. New York october 28. Tho steamships Deu Zehl and Allemania from Southampton on the 17th, arrived this evening. England. The Ueen of Denmark is on a visit to the Prince and Princess of Wales at Marlborough House London. The London Star says colonel Taylor the government Whipper in has forwarded a circular to conservative agents throughout England urging them to devote special attention to the new Register As an Appeal to the country will be made next session. Great Reform demonstrations Are to be held in London Edinburgh and Glasgow. Five Hundred thousand pounds Sterling Are expected in London from Australia at the end of the week. Fourteen Hundred English volunteers now in Brussels Are being feted in a most princely manner. The King invited them to a grand banquet. France. The Berlin correspondent to the London times says according to authentic intelligence received Here Napoleon s health has not improved by his sojourn in Biarritz. Although his recovery is probable the other alternative does not seem to be any longer excluded. The Biarritz correspondent says the emperor looks remarkably Well and daily takes walking exercises rumours Are current in Paris of ministerial changes. Italy. General men Abrea has handed Over to the austrian government 87,500,000 lire being the italian indemnity and at the same time he received from count Mensdorf the Iron Crown of Lombardy. The subscriptions to the italian National loan has been most successful. Ratifications of the treaty of peace Between Austria and Italy have been exchanged at Vienna. The italians will enter Verona on the 16th and Venice on the 19th. Austria agrees to the italian proposition that the venetian soldiers in Austria should not be removed to Venetia during the prevalence of cholera. Malta. Fifteen Days quarantine is imposed on arrivals from Ireland and Scotland. Tho cholera has appeared at Trapani and Marsala. Prussia. The prussian governor of Schleswig has prohibited the raising a subscription by the danish inhabitants f or the Purchase of a wedding gift for Tho Princess Vaginar. Spain. The Madrid poll Tica declares that Spain must obtain satisfaction from Chili by Force and advocates the retention of the Chincha Island. Russia. The statements that the Czar is ill and As to the resignation of the russian ministry Are devoid of truth. The insurrections in Bascia and Daghestani have been suppressed by the russians. Candia. The insurgents Are determined upon an energetic prosecution of the War. The turks have evacuated Candiano. In Candia. The turks had lost in one engagement twelve Hundred killed Ana eight Hundred wounded. Mexico. Official news of a battled arrival of the emperor Napoleons agent Maximilian advised to abdicate. Washington october 28. The mexican minister has received dispatches from Tho City of Puebla Mexico containing an official report of the Battle of where the belgian legion was entirely Cut to pieces. Colonel Van Der Wisson the belgian commander attacked a place thirty leagues from the City of Mexico defended by mexicans who repulsed the belgian demonstration. The belgian legion lost Twenty officers killed on the spot. The legion retired to Tutuila leaving their artillery and trains in the hands of the mexicans. Three officers who survived that Battle have since embarked at Vera Cruz for Belgium. The following is a translation of a letter received Here to Day a a Vera Cruz october 12,1866�?11 p. M. Quot the St. Nazaire Steamer arrived Here Early this morning general Castelnau being on Board. His instructions Are to Send to France in two detachments All the troops that Are Here. Quot he brings besides a message from Napoleon to Maximilian advising him to abdicate in favor of any body he pleases and to go Home. He is authorized to offer Maximilian the Protection of the French Flag with a View that he May return safely to Miramar. A the Marquis de a Alliet has no Mission of any kind and he Only comes to join his regiment and return to France. A general Bazaine came to Puebla to meet general Castelnau. The general feels very sore against Maximilian for the very discreditable reports that Carlotta has spread in the Pacific coast. Campaign against the liberals in Guerrera a treasure from Victoria a san Francisco markets. San Francisco october 27. A letter from general Montero. Dated Acapulco october 17. Informs the Imperial Consul Here that the Campaign against the liberals in Guerrera was about to be opened vigorously. The Steamer Active from Victoria has arrived bringing $320,000 in treasure. Governor Kennedy and family were among the passengers. The wheat Market is Active and prices unchanged. Mining stocks still fluctuating. Savage 1255 Crown Point 1010 yellow jacket. 638 Challow Potosi 106 Ophir. 90 Legal tenders 70%. The Case of the Baltimore police commissioners. Baltimore october 28. The governors court of investigation of the charges against the police commissioners is now held in the House of representatives. The evidence on saturday As on the first Day. Was mainly against the judges of election charging them with rejecting qualified voters and acting from partisan motives and also charging them with eing influenced by political prejudices. The examination will be resumed to Morrow. Milwaukee. October 27�?flour�?Dull. Grain wheat advanced 2%@3c closing weak at $2 10 for no. 1, and $1 96 for be. 2. Oats�?38c. Receipts flour 3,000 barrels wheat 8,500 bushels. Shipments flour 5,000 barrels wheat 164,000 bushels. I. _ a a a i at mount Vernon place attendant upon the Dedica Tion of that grand and praiseworthy Monument of disinterested munificence Quot the Peabody Institute a which will we feel assured be Long remembered by those who were present. The Institute was dedicated in Tho presence of its founder that great and Good american George Peabody who received such homage from the state and City through their representatives the Bench the bar the pulpit and the highest classes of the Community who were present As was never before tendered to any citizen in the history of this great country. The following dispatch from president Johnson was read Quot Washington october 25. A to Geo. N. Eaton esq., and others Quot gentlemen i regret to announce that Public business of an urgent character will prevent my visiting your City to witness the dedication of the Peabody Institute founded by a citizen whose unexampled munificence has gained Lor him such de serving renown. Andrew governor Swann s address to or. Peabody or. Peabody it is peculiarly Gratifying to me As the executive of the state to extend to you i cordial Welcome to the state of Maryland. re Celivo you with our whole hearts As one of us. As your Early life was commenced in this City and the associations then contracted by you have followed you through life. In the financial crisis of 1837 which spread Over the entire Union and was Felt Moro or less in every state when to most needed Confidence and support abroad you. Sir stood fast and firm As the Friend of Maryland applause and by your efforts and with the Aid of your great name you piloted us to Success in a financial Point of View which has placed us i will not say in Advance. But beside the most prosperous state in the Union. Applause for this. Or. Peabody Maryland owes you a debt of gratitude and i con Sider myself very fortunate in being the instrument. In the presence of this vast body to make you this acknowledgement of our gratitude. The occasion which brings you Here is the dedication of this great Institute which was arranged to take place at Tho earliest possible period after your return from Europe. Are Here to you what has been done in connection with this great gift conferred by you upon the City and the state to report to you that the Institute is now ready to enter upon the great work of human education to go on with its operations according to the instructions of your letter of 1857. It is hot my purpose to go into a history of what has been accomplished or to make any promises for the future As that task will be perforated by others. I can not How Ever forego the pleasure in referring to one por Tion of your letter referred to in relation to instruction which is As follows a i must not omit to impress upon you a Sugges Tion for the government of the Institute which. Deem to be of the highest moment and which desire shall be Ever present to the Board of trus tees my Earnest wish to promote at All times a spirit of Harmony and Good will in society my aversion to intolerance bigotry and party rancor and my enduring respect and love for the Happy institutions of our prosperous Republic a impel me to express Tho wish that the Institute i have proposed to you shall always be strictly guarded against the possibility of being a theater for the dissemination or discussion of sectarian theology or party politic that it shall never minister in any manner whatever to political discussion to infidelity to visionary theories of a pretended philosophy which May be aimed at the subversion of the approved morals of society that it shall never lend its Aid or influence to the propagation of opinions tending to create or encourage sectional jealousies in our Happy country or which May Lead to the alienation of the people of one state or Section of the Union from those of another. But it shall be so conducted throughout its whole career As to teach political and religious Charity toleration and Beneficence and prove itself to be. In All contingencies and conditions the True Friend of our inestimable Union of the salutary institutions of free government and of Liberty regulated by Law. I enjoin these precepts upon the Board of trustees and their successors forever for their invariable Observance and enforcement in the administration of the duties i have confided to them. I am Here to say to you that these sentiments meet a Hearty response and we give them our cordial endorsement. In discharging the duty assigned me by Tho trustees i can not forego the pleasure on this occasion of assuring you of my profound personal respect for yourself. Your career has been one of continued and deserving Prosperity in All your business relations in your profession which you have adorned in every position hold by you by your honorable dealing and integrity and no Man living or dead has a larger share of Public attention in the distribution of disinterested 7 Charity. Applause you have lived sir not for yourself but for the Good of those around you and two hemispheres acknowledge your princely humanity. Returning to your native country after years of absence you Are recognized with All Honor respect and admiration As you were abroad by Royalty and within the Walls of this magnificent Institute received from your hands the result of your unaided liberality i tender you my homage and i not Only utter Tho sentiment of myself and this vast crowd Here assembled but the sentiments of the people of the whole state when i say Quot in honouring George Peabody we Honor renewed applause or. Peabody a response it is upward of half a Century since i came from Georgetown in the District of Columbia where had for some time been in business to reside in this City. I was then but Twenty years of age. And commenced business in company with or. Elisha Riggs of Georgetown at 215% Market Street then called a old Congress Hall a and there it was that i gained the first $5,000 of the Fortune with which Providence has crowned my exertions. From that period for Twenty years or my life though a new England Man and though Strong prejudices existed even at that time Between the Northern and Southern states i never experienced from the citizens of Baltimore any thing but kindness hospitality and Confidence. It would then be strange indeed if i were not deeply attached to Baltimore and from the time of which i have spoken to the present moment i have Ever cherished Tho warmest and most grateful feelings toward the inhabitants of this Beautiful City where i entered upon a business career which has beep so prosperous. And although i have lived abroad for More than thirty years under the government of a Queen who is beloved not Only in her own realms but throughout All civilized countries and who has bestowed upon me very High Honor yet my appreciation warm though it is of kindness and honors bestowed in England has never affected the grateful remembrance and warm interest which i must Ever connect with the name of my Early business and the scene of my Youthful exertions. I am. Therefore glad to meet you Here to stand again where i can look upon the scenes which recall so Many memories of my younger Dys and still More glad to receive from you this warm greeting Tho Token that my course of life has met with your approbation. But yet i come to you now in some degree with a saddened heart at finding that nearly All my Early acquaintances in Baltimore have left the stage of life and i am left so nearly alone among them All and in lately looking Over a list of the principal importing merchants of Baltimore headed by Alexander Brown so son and George and John Hoffman attached to a circular addressed to our shipping merchants in Europe dated fifty one Vears ago and containing ninety three firms composed of one Hundred and forty five names i can now Trace As living but seven persons of those named and having hut one before visited my native country in thirty years i feel As if addressing those among whom i am personally almost wholly unknown and As if i were standing Here among you and addressing a generation to which i do not myself belong. But my intent in both the present and in future generations is i Trust not less than in that which has passed or is passing away the fathers of Many of you who hear my voice were among my intimate friends i Hope i May not be presuming in what i shall have to say. Since my last visit nearly ten years ago. Many and great changes have taken place. I then had the pleasure of expressing my regard for this City and my desire for the Good of. Its future citizens by the establishment of the institution in which i am now addressing you. I could then hardly expect to live to address you Here at this time but god has been pleased to prolong my years beyond the three score and ten allowed to Man and enable me to carry out at this time the views i then entertained with regard to the operations and benefits of this institution. With the details of the scheme and organization of the Institute i do not propose to interfere. I am fully confident that i leave them in the hands of those who Are devoted earnestly and even enthusiastically to devising and carrying out such plans As will for All coming time work for the highest Good and culture of those Lor whom its benefits were intended. But i am sure you will Pardon me. My fellow citizens if on one Point to which governor Swann As eloquently alluded the spirit of Harmony in which All should be oat ried out i speak few words coming As they do from the very Depths of my heart and appealing to you the people of Baltimore with whom rests the Success or failure of this Institute. For As years advanced and what were forebodings for the future have become merged in thei it ast the Earnest desire of Unity and brotherly feelings which i cherished and expressed ten years ago in the terms just referred to by the governor of Maryland. Has become deeper and More it tense. It is my Hope and prayer that this Institute May not Only have and fulfil a Mission in the Fields of science of Art and of knowledge but also one to Tho hearts of men teaching always lessons of peace and Good will and especially that it May in some Humble degree be instrumental in Healing the wounds of our beloved and common country and establishing again a Happy and harmonious Union a the Only Union that can to preserved for coming Ages and the Only one that is Worth preserving. And Here i May Well refer to a subject which though of a personal nature still has its bearings on what i have said. I have been told several times that i have been accused of want of Devotion to the Union and i take this occasion to place myself right for i have not a word of apology not a word of retraction to utter. Fellow citizens the Union of the states of America was one of the earliest objects of my childhood a reverence. For the Independence of our country my father bore arms in some of the darkest Days of the revolution and from him and from his example i Learned to love and Honor that Union. Laiter in life i Learned More fully its inestimable Worth perhaps More fully than most have done for born and educated at the North then living for Pearly Twenty years at the South and thus learning in the Best school the character and life of her people finally in the course of a Long residence abroad being thrown in intimate Contact with individuals of every Section of our glorious land i came As do rai08t americans who live Long in foreign lands to love our country As a whole to know and take Pride in All her sons As equally countrymen to know no North no South no East no West. And so i wish publicly to avow that during the terrible which our nation has passed my sympathies were still and always with the Union that my uniform coarse tended to assist but never to injure the credit of the government of the Union and at the close of the War three fourths of All the property i possessed had been invested in United states government and state securities and remain so at this time. But none the less could i fail to feel Charity for the South to remember that political opinion is fax More a matter of birth and education than of Calm and unbiased reason and sober thought. Even you and i my friends had we been born at the South born to the feelings beliefs and perhaps prejudices of Southern men might have taken the same course which was adopted by the South and have cast in our lot with those who fought As All must admit so bravely for what they believed to be their rights. Never therefore during the War or since have i permitted the contest or any passions engendered by it to interfere with the social relations and warm friendships which i had formed for a very Large number of the people of the South. I blamed and shall always blame the instigators of the strife and Sowers of dissension both at the North and at the South. I believed and do still believe that bloodshed might have been avoided by Mutual conciliation. But after the great struggle had actually commenced i could see no Hope for the glorious future of America save in the Success of the armies of the Union and Iii reviewing my whole course there is nothing which i could change if i would nor which i would change if i could. And now after the lapse of those eventful years i am More deeply More earnestly More painfully convinced than Ever of our need of Mutual forbearance and conciliation of Christian Charity and forgiveness of United Effort to bind up the fresh and broken wounds of our nation. To you therefore citizens of Baltimore and of Maryland i make my Appeal probably the last i shall Ever have to make to you. May not this Institute be a common ground where All May meet burying former differences and animosities forgetting past separations and estrangement weaving the hands of new attachments to the City to the state and to the nation ? May not Baltimore her name already honoured in history of the Birthplace of religious toleration in America now Crown her a ast Fame by becoming the Day Star of political tolerance and Charity and will not Maryland in place of a Battle around for opposing parties become the Field where Milder councils and Calm deliberations May prevail where Good men of All sections May meet to devise and execute the Wisest plans for repairing the ravages of War and for making the future of our country alike common prosperous and glorious from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from Tho Northern to the Southern Boundary or. Peabody a wealth. As everything appertaining to the founder of the Institute is read with interest by his Many admirers. append the following extract from the new York Herald from their foreign correspondent for the gratification of the curious a the amount of or. Peabody a Means is a matter of conjecture. In 1851 he was numbered among the millionaire of London and during the next ten years his business largely increased. Assuming the value of his property at that time to have been �1,000,000, he might in 1860, to have been Worth �3.000,000. During the last three years he has endowed charities to the amount of �800,-0 00, and he had previously Given away about �150-000�?in All close upon $5,000,000. It in Safe to say that he can not now be Worth More than $10, free from the vices too common to men of affluence unselfish Stern in rebuke of wrong prompt in assistance to Merit never provoked into the use of profane language and discount enhancing it in others reticent of censure forgiving of injury generous to the fallen Ana hopeful of every prom ise of amendment he has always gained the respect of the Good and the love of his associates beyond what his wealth multiplied ten fold would Hare Given Morton Peto in trouble London october 12 correspondence Liverpool Post the most startling event of the week is Tho report of the committee of Bond holders appointed to investigate the affairs of the London Chatham and Dover railway. I declare that f was struck All of a Heap when i discovered what bad been done by this company and remembered who did it. To enter into the details of this report is impossible but take this fact there Are hundreds of persons who hold debentures of the company bought As Bona fide real debentures taking preference of All stocks original and preference and As i understand it of do Bonds. Well these debentures were illegally issued fraudulent by issued issued on the basis of a purely fictitious Siock and As debentures Are worthless. True i the Bordors Are creditors of the company. They in fact stand in the position of holders of original Stock and what that is you know. The�100 Stock is Worth 17% in the Market i see by the times of to Day that the Board attempted to shift the responsibility of this transaction on to the shoulders oif sir Morton Peto so co. These debentures were to be applied to the retrieving of certain pledged debentures becoming due and were entrusted to sir Morton Peto so co. For that purpose but Tia firm they say applied them to another purpose Viz to the payment of their own debts. Truly a pretty charge 1 of course sir Morton 1 Eto must satisfactorily answer this or to will be ruined in character forever. This breakup of the company for such it appears to be must materially affect sir Morton Peto. A committee of Bis creditors appointed to investigate his affairs in july reported that he had a million surplus but f this surplus consisted of London Chatham and Dover securities it must have dwindled Down considerably since then. It is said that lord Sondes and lord Harris directors of the company were entirely ignorant i these questionable transactions and this was most Likely so. Lords on boards of directors Are generally considered As Mere ornaments or Decoy ducks. Lord Harris it is said positively wept when he came to know what had been done but one can hardly pity him. If a Man takes such a responsible position he ought to make himself master of his duties and perform them. Truth is there Are scores of lords and Baroness and now who get themselves made members of ii Oards merely to get the pay for attending meet togs they have no interest in the concerns for a lord if to will but join a directory can always get his qualifications Given him and they take no Active part in the management. Only the other Day it came out at a meeting of the gales Gunpowder company that there were two Baroness on the direction who had never paid a Penny for the shares i High they held As qualifications. It is Well that such men should discover to their Cost of reputation if not of Money that they cannot act the part of Decoy ducks to these questionable concerns without danger. An Iron italians continue to Send us by Telegraph an Iten of intelligence to which they appear to attach great importance that is the promised rendition by Austria of the Iron Crown of Lombardy. If something was wanting to shake ones Confidence in the spirit of Progress of the new nation surely this reverence for a band of Rusty Iron would furnish the want. It will require something More than this useless souvenir to put into the nation the Backbone it is going to require. It is difficult indeed to understand How the free Italy of to Day can find anything to cling to cd this memento of times of feudalism and six a. Serv ency. At Paris we have loads of a use things preserved at the louvre the Futej de Cluny and elsewhere but the philosophical French trait them As they do apy 0ther Curi at proper value a curiosities and uoti ung More v a

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