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Cincinnati Commercial (Newspaper) - March 31, 1867, Cincinnati, OhioCincinnati a racial i vol. Xxx. 219. Cincinnati sunday morning March 81. 1867. Price file cents. Wash a Quot on. Close of Busi ment 0 a adjourn suspension of j i a ppm in Ives it Tor enlisted t Aimi >1 the Nett to bilk Fript it Ltd approved. Of Raph scheme without change. Pai and no. Indiana War be o l a a a v a. Cd nomination d upon. I Twahir r proposed in Virginia. Alt h0e8 Ahito a Telegraph to it 41 he congressmen and he state government. Oca Cincinnati Cost Merciai. It Washington March 30. \ Geek of the session. Both houses of the Fortieth Congress adjourned to Day at noon until wednesday the 3d of july. The closing hours were unattended with important legislation or any scene of unusual interest. The Senate met at 10 of clock but soon went into executive session and there remained until noon. In the House there was a Large attendance of spectators but it was difficult to obtain a quorum on the floor. There were eighty five members present which is in excess of a quorum but five votes thus leaving some sixty members absent. A superfluous formality. A joint committed was appointed to wait on the president to inform him that Congress was ready to adjourn and asking him if he had any communications to make but before the committee had time to see the president both houses adjourned. It was pretty Well understood however that the president had nothing to say to the retiring Congress. Signing Bills. Lie was at the Capitol with most All of his cab inet during the Forenoon examining and signing Bills. Expectation unfulfilled. Contrary to general expectation he signed the Bill repealing the Law which gave three Hundred dollars to Loyal owners of slaves where the latter enlisted in the Union army and the Bill furnishing 10.000 stand of arms to the state of Tennessee for militia purposes. The new Atlantic Telegraph scheme. The president signed the Bill giving certain rights to a new Atlantic Cable company. The first Section invests the american Atlantic Cable Telegraph company of new York with the right Power and privilege having acquired the Neces sary land therefor to Lay land and operate their Cable or tables on the Atlantic coast except the coast of Florida within the jurisdiction of the United states and the right Power and privilege so to Lay land and operate their Cable or cables shall be vested in the said american Atlantic Cable Telegraph company for the period of Twenty years from the approval of this provided the commence operations within the space of two years from the approval of this . The second Section provides that the american Atlantis Cable company having acquired the necessary land shall have the right Power and privilege to Lay land and operate their Cable or cables within any of the harbours water inlets towns and cities upon the Atlantic coast except the coast of Florida offering the nost practical and convenient Landing and to construct or erect All the necessary fixtures to accomplish the object of this . The third Section provides that the government of the United states shall at All times have the preference in its use upon terms that May be agreed upon Between the postmaster general and the company. The fourth Section provides that Congress shall have Power to alter Amend or repeal this . The bankrupt was left As it originally passed. The proposition of or. Anthony to fix the 1st of june As the Day for its going into operation having failed it becomes therefore Tho duty of the chief Justice forthwith to nominate the registe.1 in bankruptcy or to expose himself to the charge of disobeying an not of Congress. Major general Steedman was to Day confirmed by the Senate As collector of internal Revenue for the first District of Louisiana which includes the City of new Orleans. There was quite an Earnest contest Over the nomination. Rules 8uspknded. The Senate in executive session to Day. Suspended its rules so us to prevent the Large number of nominations from failing. They therefore hold Good for action at the extra session. Ohio and Indiana War claims. The Bill to Settle the War claims of Ohio and Indiana which was telegraphed last night failed to beco Ine a Law. It was not in time for the presidents signature. There was unnecessary delay in enrolling the Bill for it was passed on yesterday and there was therefore ample time to save it. A Irginia Compromise the Star of this evening Days that a leading state senator of \ Irginia who opposed the action of the state Shenata in legislating for a Conven Tion under the military reconstruction not is about to advocate a Compromise of the White voters of that state with the coloured voters that is to give the coloured men the entire congressional delegation if the Whites Are allowed to control the state government. Not acted upon. The nomination of general Rousseau for brigadier general in the regular army vice Rosecrans resigned was not finally acted on the Senate but goes Over to the extra session on next week. To the Western associated press special session of the Senate called. The president to Day issued the following a copy of which was addressed to each senator a a whereas objects of interest to the United states require that the Senate should be convened it la of clock on monday the first Day of april next to receive and upon such communication As May be made to it of the part of the executive now therefore. I Andrew Johnson. President of the United states have considered it to be my duty to Issue this my proclamation declaring that an extraordinary occasion requires the Senate of the us Ted states to Convene for transaction of business at Tho Capitol in the City of Washington on monday the first Day of april next at 12 of clock on that Day of which All who shall at that time be entitled to As that body a a hereby required to take notice. Quot Given under my hand and the Seal of the United states at a Washington the 30th Day of March in the year of our lord. 1867, and Independence of the United states of America the ninth first. Andrew Johnson. A by the president a a a. H. Seward Secretary of Bills signed. It is believed All Bills which passed the House have become Laws by the presidents signing. Confirmations. The Senate to Day confirmed the following collector of internal Revenue general James b. Steedman of Ohio Lor the first District of Louisiana. Assessor internal Revenue Calvin w. Mclane tenth District of Illinois. Postmasters William Cromwell Bloomington Illinois Sardual g. Smith Peru Illinois. F v Register of land office Nathaniel Goss Humboldt Kansas. It receiver of Public Money David b. Erpert Humboldt Kansas. Colonel United states infantry Captain Rainold Mckenzie. Corps of engineers. Collector of customs Jesse m. Harrison Dubuque Iowa. Rejected. The Senate rejected the following brigadier general by Brevet Brevet colonel James b. Fry. Register of land office a. Wadsworth traverse City Michigan. Postmasters John b. Rogers Verdun ruin is in c. A. Young Litchfield Illinois Matthew Pearce Elkhart Indiana. Alth Congress first session. A regular report Senate., Washingto March 30. On motion of or. Howard the Secretary of the Interior was asked for a copy of the last report of the Union Pacific Railroad. The Bill appropriating $5,000 Teeth soldiers and sailors orphans Home of the District of Columbia was passed. A Resolution was offered yesterday by or. Cameron asking the Secretary of War How much Money had been paid by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad during the War what rates were charged whether higher than those paid by other companies a. On motion of or. Johnson the Bill was so amended As to include the Northern Central and Pennsylvania Central roads and was adopted. The Rule of the executive Sessous requiring the nominations enacted upon to be returned to the president after the close of the session was rescinded so As to allow nominations now pending to be continued until acted upts. The House Resolution for the appointment of standing committee on ordnance was amended by making it a joint special committee with Power to Send for persons and papers to take testimony As to the Best and latest improvements in arms and adopted. Or. Saulsbury offered a Resolution for the appointment of a joint of three senators and five representatives to accompany the remains of the late senator Riddle to his Home. Agreed to or. Sumner gave notice that on the first wednesday in july he would Call up a Bill Tor Universal suffrage throughout the United states. He had reason to believe there would be a quorum present. Or. Thayer called up a Bill to extend to the state of Nebraska the privileges of the granting lands to states for the establishment of agricultural colleges. Passed. Or. Pomeroy called up the Bill to allow the the House of representatives to draw his salary for the present year. Passed. At 10 45 the Senate went into executive session and at 12 o clock the doors were reopened and the president pro tem. Declare the Senate adjourned till the first wednesday in july. Europe. Our coloured population. By by Atlantic Telegraph. Their history habits religion education and wealth. Collapse of the prosecution of governor Eyre. Pioneers of the negro race in Cincinnati proposed cession of Lix Ambirg by Holland to France. Resignation of count Walewski. Coloured artists Barbers beaux beauties caterers Cooks doctors divines and every other kind of coloured people. English and Continental habets of yesterday great Britain. Southampton March 30. Marine intelligence. The Steamer Teuton from new York has arrived. London March 30. The steamship William Penn from new York on the itch arrived this evening. London March 30. Sex governor Eyre discharged. Sex governor Eyre of Jamaica recently arrested was acquitted after a Short examination. France. Paris March 80. The grand duchy of Luxembourg. An Early Sale of the grand duchy of Luxemburg to France by Holland is probable. Walewski resigned. Count Walewski has resigned the presidency of the French corps Legi Latif. Italy. Paris March 30. Arrival of an american War vessel. The american steam Sloop of War Canandaigua arrived at Civita Vecchia. Captain Hopkins to whom was entrusted president Johnson a letter for delivery to the Pope subsequently proceeded to Home and executed his commission. Financial and commercial Ney s., Money markets. London March 30, p. for Money 91% Erie 39% Illinois Central 79 five twenties 75%. Frankfort March 30, p. , 78 %. Paris March 30, p. Bonds 84%. Liverpool Market. Liverpool March 30.�?the Cotton Market became quiet and Dull and prices fell off fully a. Middling Upland was quoted at 13d. Liverpool March 30. P. , 39a 6d@40s. Other articles unchanged. House Washington March 30. Or. Of Tomas presented a memorial of the mayor and members of the City Council of Baltimore asking Congress to assist the people of Maryland to form a state government Republican in Forra and in unison with the spirit of the age. Referred to the judiciary committee. Or. Benton asked leave to offer a Resolution tendering the thanks of this House # to general Sheridan for the removal of the Louisiana officers. Herron Monroe and Abell from the offices they disgraced and the appointment of Loyal men in their places. Or. Wood objected. The Resolution was not received. The Senate joint Resolution to authorize the commanding general of the army to permit traders to remain at certain military Points was passed. The Senate joint Resolution in reference to the removal of the Indian tribes was tabled by a vote of 42 against 41. On motion of or. Boutwell the judiciary committee wa9 authorized to continue during the recess the investigation of the affairs of the Union Pacific a Railroad with Power to Send for persons and papers. The Senate amendment to the House Resolution for the appointment of a committee on ordnance was concurred in. The Senate Resolution for the appointment of a committee to accompany the remains of senator Riddle to Delaware was incurred in. Several unimportant Bills were passed. A. Or. Sche Civ asked leave to offer a Resolution directing the members of the House who were members of the military committee in the last Bllouse to prosecute during the recess Tho investigation into the management of the military Academy. Or. Ross objected or. Schenck noved to suspend Tho rules. Disagreed to�?37 to 47. The Senate Bill to confirm certain sales made by direct tax commissioner for South Carolina to persons in the army Navy and Marine corps was referred to committee on claims. The Senate joint Resolution relating to the transportation of troops by the isthmus route to the Pacific states and territories was referred to committee on military affairs. The Senate Bill appropriating $5,000 for the soldiers and sailors orphans Home in the District of Columbia was passed. The Senate Bill to extend to Nebraska the provisions of the agricultural College Bill was passed. Or. Laflin offered a Resolution that the report of the congressional printers on the Purchase of paper be taken from the table Ana referred to the committee Jpn printing with Power to investigate it and Send for persons and papers ac., during recess. Adopted. The speaker presented the message of the president stating that in giving his approval to the joint Resolution providing for the carrying into effect of an Lor the More effectual government of the late rebel states he did so because it limited the expenditures to $50,000, and not because he had modified his objections to the original and supplementary acts. The message was Laid upon the table and ordered to be printed. The speaker announced select committees is follow committee to accompany the body of senator Kiddle to Delaware messes. Farnsworth gios Bronner Kerr and Benton. On ordnance messes. Bohenek Logan and Butler. To wait on Tho president messes. Laflin and Brooks. After the transaction of some minor business the speaker at 12 o clock in a few Brief words declared the House adjourned till Tho first wednesday in july. Telegraphic correspondence Cincinnati commercial the South. Important treaty. Vast acquisition of Terr Torl All russian America ceded to the United states. British provinces nearly shut out from the Pacific. There Are about ton thousand coloured people in Cincinnati and As a general thing they Are Thrifty intelligent and Law abiding. Comparatively Little is known of them or their life As a part of the body politic and therefore As a matter of Public intelligence we have been to the pains to collect and arrange for our readers that which is interesting of and about our american citizens of african descent. Anatomy of the negro. One of the most popular errors of the Day is in it reference to the Anatomy of the negro for example the opinion prevails even among educated people that the conformation of the Skull of the negro is essentially different from that of the european or White Man that his nose feet jaws ac., Are id their anatomical arrangement different from the corresponding parts of the body in the White race. But none of these differences Are appreciated by the surgeon or physician. When the skin is removed the underlying tissues of the body of the negro present the same color form number and arrangement As those of the other races of human beings. The most Learned anatomist can not with any degree of certainty distinguish the Bones of the negro from those of the european in a collection. The Muscles Are the same in number and appearance the arrangement of the vessels and the circulation of the blood also the distribution of nerves Are the same in the two races. The strongest evidence of the truth of this statement is to be found in the fact that in All medical colleges the bodies of negroes and Whites Are used indiscriminately for dissection for learning the intricate Structure of the human body. Even the Ocolor of the skin is not characteristic of the negro As the Hottentots and Jaffres Are yellow. A the pioneers mrs. Margaret mol80n the number of persons of color permanently res ident in Cincinnati or its immediate Vicinity prior to 1810, was quite Small and it is believed that not More than three survive. Many persons held As slaves in Kentucky were employed by citizens of Cincinnati but they were finally returned to their m asters. The oldest resident of color is mrs. Margaret Molson. Who came to Cincinnati As a visitor in 1796, and became a permanent resident in 1798. She celebrated her eighty fifth birthday on Friday last having been born in 1782. She lives with her daughter. Mrs. Mary Wilson at no. 100 East fifth Street. Though feeble in body her memory is very tenacious and her recitals of the Rise and fall of Cincinnati families has the interest of a Romance she was born in York county Pennsylvania and was brought by her father to Kentucky about 1795. He was employed by a Man named livings ton the two families coming out together. Mrs Molson whose Maiden name was Riddle became fearful that an attempt would be Hia amp a to run her further South and sell her As a slave hence she determined to make Cincinnati her Home which she did moving Here at the Date named above kidnappers rendered the organization a society called a a life necessary. The members were pledged to run to the spot where an outcry was heard and to fight for the release of their Fellows. Carrel made in his time thirteen trips to Canada conveying fugitives. He relates a Story honorable to one of our citizens who has Long since passed away. Being caught by sudden storm he applied to the nearest House for shelter. He was refused shelter and cursed As a Quaker at this moment or. Bayt nil Ler a thriving merchant of that Day came to his own door and seeing the position of affairs invited Carrel to enter saying that a any creature which god had made was Welcome to the shelter of his roof. Carrel accompanied by his frands Samuel Humphreys and Jack Manning went to Detroit with general Hull and was surrendered there. He relates with great glee the made by his Friend Manning who received a shot through the Fleshy part of the seat of Honor. The document signed and submitted to her fear were justified by facts for her Sisters the Senate yesterday. The Price to be paid million dollars. Seven the cession excites intense interest parties regard it As significant of the russian effect of the Rains on farming operations Call for Union convention in Alabama a starvation threatened a very Small vote distilleries seized. Nashville. March 30. Owing to the recent Long continued Rains in North Alabama Farmers Are much behind hand in pre paring their Fields for planting. William 0. Cruze an old and Well known citizen of Huntsville. Alabama was badly burned wednesday evening last by the accidental upsetting of a lamp. He now lies in a very critical condition. I the Huntsville advocate has published a Call for a state convention of the unconditional Union men of Alabama to be held at Montgomery on the first tuesday in june with the View of restoring the state to its relations to the Federal Union in accordance with the great principles of Republican repr4entati\� government and the Laws recently enact by Congress. The Call is made by the executive Moi Smittee appointed by the stale convention held at Moulton in january. from North Alabama so to to that the inhabitants living at a distance from the Railroad i Are in danger of starvation and unless Relief i reaches them soon the whole Range of counties in i the Mountain Region will to depopulated there ent floods have destroyed Over 3l>,000 bushels of Corn and a Large amount of food sent by Relief associations to the sufferers. At the recent election for mayor of Paris West Tennessee Jas. Guthrie received but one vote and. Was elected. Six or seven distilleries have been recently cd sri in Wilson county Tennessee by new York officers for alleged frauds in evading the Revenue tax Washington March 30. The president has communicated to the Senate in executive session a treaty with Russia by which that Power surrenders to the United states its sovereignty Over All russian America and the adjacent islands. It especially includes the strip 400�?Tiuiles Iong which extends Down the coast thus nearly excluding British America from the Ocean. The treaty was Laid on the table and will be taken up next week. A influential policy in View of the pending european complications on Ahe Eastern question. Russia cedes her american territory for the same reasons that induced Napoleon to sell Louisiana. In the event of War Russia would probably lose this territory and by parting with it the Czar secures Friendship with our government. The English representative is deeply chagrined and it is said that sir Frederick Bruce will Telegraph to Earl Derby for instructions to protest against its acceptance by our government. This acquisition More than doubles the United states coast on the Pacific. Another dispatch says it is True As reported that the president communicated to the Senate to Day a treaty with Russia by which that Power surrenders to the United states the sovereignty Over All russian America and adjacent islands. The Price to be paid for this territory is about Sevem million dollars. The treaty was signed Early this morning Aud sent to the Senate shortly afterwards. _ a a new York City. More arrest9 new York March 30. In the merchants National rank Case. Yesterday afternoon messes. Leonard. Huyck and Jos. B. Stewart wore arrested by the United states officers on a charge of defrauding the gov eminent. Their bail was fixed at $20.000 each and not being Able to obtain this amount were sent to Ludlow Street jail. Or. Huyck was president of the merchants National Bank of Washington which institution is alleged Tobe indebted to the government in the sum of $750,000. Or. Huyck having transferred his property to or. Stewart the government had both parties arrested on the charge of conspiracy of defraud. Or. Stewart is complainant in the Erie Pool Case in which he alleges Daniel Drew is indebted to him in something likei$30,000. Can to fraternize. I the Union american fenian organization seems impracticable. A prussian forger. Philip Henrich an alleged prussian forger was arrested in fond do Lac. Wisconsin and brought Here having been claimed under the extradition treaty. Suicide. Mrs. Mary Bassett committed suicide in Brooklyn last night. Coroners inquest. The Corners jury in the Case of James Fitzpatrick declared that he was murdered by one a Ephraim. Custom House swindled. A swindler succeeded in victimizing the custom House to Day to the amount of $1,500 by forged pay Rolls of the cd tvs. The government is the loser. Steamship sailed Portland March 30. The Steamer moravian St. David sailed for Europe. Who remained in Kentucky were carried to ten Nessee and sold As slaves. An attempt was made to seize mrs. Molson but through the Friendly offices of the late judge Burnet and of major Dan Iel Gano she was saved the Fate of a slave. When she first came to Cincinnati old fort Washingto was in existence. Alarm concerning the indians had not subsided and men went to the House of god armed and exemplified the scriptures which comm amp Nous to a a watch and Pray. A she resided first in the family of major Gano and was frequently employed in nursing the now venerable Daniel Gano Esq. She married Early and her second child born in 1806, still lives. Nine Are dead. Her husband who was a Carpenter went to the lakes and worked upon the Fleet with which Perry gained his Victory of september 1813. During her whole life she has shown wonderful Energy both of body and mind and All with whom she came in Contact White or coloured were inspired with profound respect by her upright Char Acter. Mrs. Anna Williams ten years younger in age and residence is mrs Anna Williams. She like mrs. Molson came from Pennsylvania her birth place being somewhere in the Vicinity of Philadelphia. Her father with Bis family accompanied Captain Rue and Hij family As was the custom of the Day. To the Ohio country. At her arrival real danger from the indians had ceased yet great fear came upon the younger members of All the Pioneer families especially those who settled at a distance from the the forts. Captain Rue did not remain Long in Cincinnati being of the same opinion lately expressed by an eminent divine of our City that a this ditch Between the Hills was no place for City hence he pushed on to the town of Lebanon which he thought stood a Chance of becoming quite a City. Mrs. Williams is a very vigorous woman both in body and mind and quite Able to a a Hoe her own she remembers distinctly the sailing of the ill fated frigate Philadelphia on her expedition against the Barbary Powert this was in 1803, she relates How the crowds gathered upon the Banks of the Delaware to witness the departure of the great ship which because of her unusual size was compelled to take Che Channel nearest the Jersey Shore. How dead those Gallant tars those patriotic was bugs those encouraging shouts Are to us her father William Anderson was a Soldier of the revolution and fought under Washington at the disastrous Battles of Brandywine and German town. In this last Battle he was severely wounded and piled up with the slain for burial but his Cap Tain Jeremiah Collins whose life he had saved at Brandywine ordered the supposed Corpse to be removed to his tent intending to give the pre server of his life a More decent burial than is usually accorded to private soldiers. But Anderson was not dead. He recovered stood guard at Yal Ley forge and got his spite out of the British at Monmouth in the year 1778. He never received allowance or up Sion nor have his heirs. Mrs. Williams a lives in Lebanon where she known unto alias the presiding Genius of weddings and births the Lucia of that pleasant Burg. At present she is visiting her grand daughter mrs Frances a. Clarke of this City. Samuel Carrel. At his residence on sixth Street ea9t of Broad Way May be found Samuel Carrel who has reached the age of eighty four. He is quite infirm but converses cheerfully concerning the events of his youth. Like mop aged persons the memory of the events of his youth is clearer than that of recent events. He too came from Pennsylva Nia having been born in a old Lancaster a in 1783 it is difficult to fix the Date of his arrival in Cincinnati though that it was at an Early Date shown by various circumstances. From Sycamore Street Westward to Millcreek there were no dwell lugs of settlers. Men engaged in Clearing the Forest would Stop work at 4 in the afternoon and seek the shelter of the town. At night the indians numbers of whom prowled around the settlement made the Woods resound with their yells lie wits for some time in doubt whether be should venture to the West with his Young wite. At times emigrants would return and Tell horrid stories of murders and burnings and scalping by the indians then there would come More favourable news. At last there came two dutchmen who told him that in the new country he would find plenty of beef and Hominy a lie was known As the a a Quaker because he used the solemn style of speech usual to the friends. He found that the permanent residents of the place were generally anti slavery while the floating class were generally pro slavery. There seems to have been a free and easy prevalent among the kentuckians when one of their servants fan away came to the Ohio Side end seized the first coloured person whom they saw be it Man woman or Ehid. If the first seized did not equal the run away in value they seized the next they saw and kept on till the balance was on the right Side. To Tell the truth the Ohio people were not backward on their part in enticing aiding and abetting the aforesaid servants in running away. The frequent if our 9f fret Dolored schools. The first schools exclusively for coloured persons were established in the year 1820, and by coloured men. One of these schools was established in what was known As Glenn sold pork House on hop pleas Alley near Sycamore Street. This school did not last Long. Another was established in the same year by a Dolored Man named Schooley. It was kept somewhere in the neighbourhood of sixth and Broadway which was then known As a the the Green has Long since disappeared. Or. Wing. Who kept a school near the Corner of sixth and Vine admitted coloured youth to his night school. No school was regularly kept however teachers being few and patronage Slack it p. T. B. Hikens a coloured Man who is still teaching at new Richmond kept school at intervals. About 1835 came the beginning of the antislavery excitement a number of Troung men and women filled with Tho spirit of hatred to slavery and a desire to labor for a Down trodden race came into the City and established schools at various Points in the City. One in the coloured Baptist Church on Western Row was taught at various times by messes. Barbour e. Fairchild w. Robinson and Augustus Wattles. Of the ladies there were misses Bishop. Matthews Lowe and mrs. Merrell. They were All excellent teachers deeply imbued with a desire to do Good and Are remembered with gratitude by those who received instruction at their hands. They were of course subjected to much con Tum Eloua abuse. Boarding House keepers refused to entertain them placing their trunk upon the Side walks and telling them that they had no accommodations for teachers of niggers. They were obliged to club together and rent a House and Board themselves. Frequently the scholars would be unable to meet regularly because of mob violence. A part of the salaries of these teachers was paid by an educational society composed of benevolent Whites Many of whom survive to witness the Triumph of principles which they espoused amid such obloquy. A number of coloured men co operated heartily in this work among whom May be named Baker Jones Joseph Fowler John Woodson. Dennis Hill. John Liverpool William of Hara a. These schools continued with varying fortunes until 1844, when Rev. Hiram Gilmore a Young Man of Good Fortune of Fine talents and rare Benevolence established the Cincinnati High school which was in some respects the Best school Ever is tah dished in the City for the Benefit of the coloured people. Its proprietor or rather Patron spared no expense to make it a grand Success. Ground was purchased at the East end of Harrison Street and a commodious building of five Large rooms and a Chapel were fitted of. Good teachers were employed to instruct in the common branches of an English course besides which latin greek music and drawing were taught. In the Yard was arranged a Complete set of gymnastic apparatus. The number of pupils in this school at times Rose As High As three Hundred but the receipts never equated the expenses. Some of the pupils displayed such proficiency in singing declaiming to. That regularly during the vacations classes of them under the direction of the principal journeyed through Ohio new York and Canada giving con certs. The profits realized by these excursions were devoted to clothing and furnishing books to the poorer pupils of the school. In some cases even the time of promising pupils would be hired that they might attend the school. Never did t nobler soul breathe than that which animated the breast of Hiram Gilmore. The teachers in this school were messes. Joseph a Moore Thomas l Boucher d. P. Lowe lately police judge of our City and finally or. A. L. Childs. The musical excellence of the pupils was due to the Good training of w. F. Colburn Esq., who was the musical instructor. In 1848 the school passed into the hands of or. A. L. Childs who was its principal at the time of its discontinuance. Id 1849 the Law authorising the establishment of coloured schools at the Public Cost was passed. In 1850 an attempt was made to organize schools under the Law. Trustees were elected teachers pm Joyed and houses hired but the Money was not forthcoming. The City authorities declare that the coloured trustees not being electors were not and would not be qualified As office holders hence key would not draw Money from the City treas Ury. They refused therefore to Honor the drafts of the Board for coloured schools. Here was a predicament. Teachers and houses hired pupils enrolled but no Money. The schools were closed after continuing for three months. The coloured school Board were determined to accomplish Tho purpose for which they were organized. Inspired thereto by the appeals and counsels of the late John i. Gaines they called a meeting of the coloured people Laid the Case before them raised Money to employ counsel and sued the City. The Lestil proceeding being in the shape of an application for a writ of mandamus. The Case was placed in the hands of Flamen Ball Esq., und resulted in the Triumph of Tho coloured people. In 1851 the schools were opened but the accommodations were wretched. The funds were Low and feeding or Good manners qualities which won for Nim the respect and esteem of every body who knows him. His Liberal views Are not shared by his Fellows because perhaps their opportunities for culture have not been As great or As carefully improved but he is uniformly respected by the coloured people and justly regarded As Aman of unimpeachable integrity and the utmost purity of life. His intelligence is Large and embraces most subjects interesting to men of thought. He peaks with fluency and writes Irith ease and learners. Some papers on his fave rite subject of education and some of his political articles have been received with favor even while their authorship was unknown. A religion. There Are six coloured churches in Cincinnati. Of these three Are methodist two Baptist and one Christian or Campbel Lite. Many other Christian facts have representatives among the population a at none others Are gathered into congregations. The aggregate membership is about 1,600. In the Sabbath schools Are enrolled 545 pupils. The value of the Church property including parsonage and cemeteries is $109,000. The average salary paid to ministers is about $625 per year. The most numerous by attend among the coloured people is one ment room of or. Storrs Chu Street. The attendance is about intendant is or. H. B. Bailey who manage the school Are und by the Best of motives but the indiscriminate distribution of gifts in the shape of clothing ac., has a temp my to Foster a spirit of mend Cancy. The cobs fed people need help but not too much of it. They need to be made self reliant not dependent. Sabbath school eld in the base on seventh the super he gentlemen a Teddy actuated Deer Creek Church Mhz hoist. The body wars hiking in this Church was the first religious society organized among the Dolored people of Cincinnati. The Date of its organization is about 1815. The efforts at the religious instruction of the coloured people were made by the congregation of the a old Stone Church a or Wesley Chapel. Fora time they were permitted to enter this Church but were not assigned seats and were too timid to seat themselves being As one of their number still surviving expresses it a poor Down hearted creatures like toads under a Harrow a at last a minister More humane than others ordered that a seat be Given to the coloured Breth run a seat was Given and into this they crowded scarcely having room to turn though seated in the congregation they took no part in the exercises and. Were compelled to suppress a a Weir inclination to leap and shout which at that time was so marked and characteristic of the whole methodist family and which the coloured Brethren have not yet got Over. At a night meet ing one of the coloured men feeling an almost irresistible impulse to shout aloud and thus give vent to the feelings which filled his breast thrust his handkerchief into his Mouth to prevent the outbreak. He prevented the shout but at the expense of a ruptured blood vessel. The Albod gushed from his Mouth and nose and he was of amp tried from the room. The next Day Samuel Carrel the first coloured m. E member # of Wesley Chapel was selected by his associates to present their Case to judge Spencer and urge the establishment of a Church m which the coloured members should be free to enjoy themselves after their own Fash a on. Carrel was selected because being a Pennsylvania Man raised in a old Lancaster a he could speak up Quot Perth before White folks. Most of the others were from Kentucky and were afraid of White men. Judge Spencer listened kindly to carrels request and told him to hold himself in readiness to come to him at a moments notice. The very next Day a notice came. Richard Weaver carrels employer. Who a hated slavery mightily told him to take one of his horses and go to judge Spencer at once. Weaver kept a tavern it the Corner of front and Walnut streets. Arrived at judge Spencer a Carrel was carried Over and shown a lot on the Edge of the Bluff above Deer Creek and told that judge Spencer and his partner colonel j. H. Piatt had resolved to give it to the coloured people for a Church. Great was the Joy of Carrel and his companions. Raising what Money they could among themselves they next appealed to their friends. Among those who gave liberally Squir a Quot of Hon. To Illi general Lytle and others. Are named a Squire Lla hard a Squire Corry the father Illiam Corry or. Baymiller a merchant. Eminent Legal gentlemen declared that there was no Power to build school houses and the coloured school Board were feeling their Way cautiously. At this moment a change in the Law threw the coloured Board out of Power. The coloured schools were placed under the control of the Board of trustees and visitors of the Public schools of Cincinnati who were authorized by the not to nominate us coloured men to whom the task of managing the schools was entrusted in All matters except that of auditing accounts. The leading coloured men held aloof from this arrangement feeling that if coloured men were competent to manage the schools in one particular they were in All and if coloured men could manage the schools coloured men could select such managers As Well or better than White men. In 1856 the Law was altered restoring tue fight of electing trustees to the Dolored men and the tools were placed under their control in june of set that year. I style. Who. In 1858 the first school House for the coloured schools was begun and occupied. It was built by or. Longworth who contracted to lease it with the privilege of Purchase. The building and grounds have since been purchased and now belong to the City. The Cost was a Little Over $14,u0u. In 1857, the building on court Street was erected. The ground was leased from John w. Owens Esq., with privilege of Purchase. The House was erected by Griffiths Bros the whole Cost was something Over ten thousand dollars and is paid for. Two smaller buildings have since been erected at a Cost of about $5,000, one on pleasant Street and que in the rear of the court Street building. The schools As at present organized have a primary. Intermediate and High school department. The primary department is under the superintendence of or. William h. Parham. The intermediate and High school departments arc under the direction of or. Peter h. Car. The High school is called the Gaines High school out of compliment to John i. Gaines who was so Active in the organization of the schools. There Are employed in the coloured schools fifteen teachers including one teacher of music and one of drawing. Of these nine Are women. Elnare coloured except the teachers of drawing and Suslo. All hold Cert floats from the Board of examiners. The salaries of the ladies average rather higher than those of the ladies employed in the White schools. The principals Are paid but $100 per month. There Are about 1,200 pupils enrolled. The number of school age by the census of last september is 5,966. The income last year was about $15,000. The Board covering these schools consists of six members who Are elected annually on thelast monday in june. Party spirit sometimes io9 quite High As last year when the question of school was being Dis Best Man wins. One Philip b. Ferguson at the time of the donation of this lot there was no House Between it and what is now the Corner of Hunt Street and Broadway and a Cornfield was Between u and fourth Street. The architect and builder Orf the new Church was a coloured Runau named Joseph Dorcas who was on week Days a Carpenter on Sabbath Days a minister. There was a great Scarcity of men among the members and not a frequently he women would officiate a he a administration of sacrament love feast a the Lack of a regular minister was supplied by the Rev. J. Dorcas above named by exporters Amona the Dolored Brethren themselves but most frequently by Rev. William Burk a local minister of great reputation at that Day and who was afterwards Post master of our City under several administrations. To him was added Rev Robert Richardson. Rev. Finley. Nelson and others this volunteering did not satisfy the congregation and they cast about to find a minister of their own color whose ministrations they could depend upon. There resided in Lexington Kentucky a coloured minister named asking whose owner permitted him to hire his time and gave him a pass upon which he travelled to the various stations supplied by him. To him the congregation of Deer Creek Church turned and for several years he travelled Back and Forth receiving from this congregation Twenty dollars pen month. At last judge Spencer Host position on the a Nigger question a would har passed Muster in Faneuil Hall with William Lloyd Garrison in the chair and Wendell Phil lips on the platform Owoc lived tie idea of keeping King on this Side of the River. During a visit one of the members of his congregation asked to see the paper which his master gave him to travel with. Looking at it he found it a regular pas3 folding the paper he put it in his own pocket King demanding it was told a that All is right you shall have the next morning Quot Jack Chambers a who filled the offices of City marshal policeman Constable Market master Pound master and other similar dignities arrested King and carried him before a Squire Maharj. The Pas was produced showing that King Hud come into a free state with the consent of his master. A the Man is free As i said the Squire a and Shane to go Back to King was a conscientious Man and wanted to keep Faith with his master but he was also a Law abiding Man and resolved to obey the so he remained was carried to judge Spencer s reside Noe. And kept concealed for nearly two years oily venturing out when there was a reliable coloured and White Brethren and during religious service some one was always on the look out for kentuckians. After a time his master ceased to seek for him and he came out of his hiding place. His wife who seems to have been a free Wop an joined him. And they both lived to a goof old age. The House erected by him is still held by his family. Matters progressed smoothly until Abou 1823, when news reached Cincinnati of the organization known As the a african methodist episcopal which bad been founded by Rev. Richard Allen about the year 1807. Pastor King und a number of his leading members pleased with the idea of a Church in which All the officers from the Bishop Down should he coloured. Set ded and organized the Bethel Church and need themselves t us run a his a school or no High a tossed but generally the Ujj Jfe Pher of the Board Rev a wan a member since its first organization w�4t-D�seryed tribute to honesty and capacity. Peter Humphries Clark. Any notice of coloured schools or education in this City would not Only be incomplete but vapid without mention of the living spirit that actuates and impels them for every intelligent citizen knows that or. Peter h. Clark has Beon the life and soul of the coloured schools and that but for Bis Zeal and Devotion they would have been tar behind their present creditable advancement. Or. Clark was born of free parents in this City in 1829, and at a very tender age displayed a remarkable fondness for books. Iris father idea of education for him was Reading and writing which he regarded a9 accomplishment enough for a president of the United states. This however did not i satisfy Peter and while working at his tray a As a i Barber he studied mathematics language and i grammar. In 1836 he went regularly to school to n miss Bishop and received the elements of k Plain eds Lish education. He Iqba sequently att ded the school of Ili Raiq Gilmo to in another place and never lost lug of a pro vement Opportunity Tor be Gloor. Alon he supp�rt<1 a Ark is a Man of quiet Demeanour and sex subject to the conferences of african Al Thodis episcopal Church. Tho withdrawal was a serious blow to the Church hut by this time several Ablo ministers of color had located Wiley Reynolds John Morgan Samuel Lewis and others and these with the Aid they received from the pastors Ami people of As Esley Chapel soon made the old Churek As Strong As Ever especially after the cholera of 1833 and 1834, when a great revival was Hod and a Large number added to the Church. In 1836, while under the pastoral care of Rev. A Lames Harper a coloured Man at present residing in Balti njord the congregation Felt Strong enough to erect a new building and Tho present new Street Chapel was built facing on new Street instead of Piatt alleys before for several years this was Tho most popular Church in the City amongst the coloured people. Such men As Trimble Raper Richardson Ham line. Latta. Sehon and the elder Gaddis Lent their Aid to instruct its congregation. On one occasion at least the famous Martin discoursed from his let. Verite text a is there no Balm in Gillead is Thero no physician there a a Tho Elah Weate Toile t tones and attitudes led the Dolored oongrcgt�0�?z a they had hundreds of White fro a tears to a smiles from smiles to tear or in on notwithstanding his pro Muvery inc natto favorite pastor. He bad unbounded Fuit in the superiority of the White race hence was r 0r afraid to be seen u the Homes of his Paris Hiop t�r9 or on the Street with them. Ii night Utt tar in up but they would not drag him Down. laughable scenes would occur in claw or m love feast when Bejou would a endeavouring to combat the superstitions Witti which slavery and ignore use had be clouded to it a a minds or Biz congregation. One old sister who still lives insisted on Felling at each class and love Reast of a personal interview she had had with Jesus. You saw him with the eyes of brother Sohon would mildly say a ooh bios god. I. Seed him with these by oui k a he. A a Ulvi he the rejoinder . Growing Happy would leap around. Thei Oom shouting a bless god i feel As Strong As. Go lion a meaning a Goriah. Then brother Sehon would smite. In 1842 the is Eyan protest against slavery Episcopacy excited a deep interest in the Chi Rob and Fin amp by a Largo portion of the Mem Eta withdrew lome joining themselves to the Wesley is tend some to the african Church win eur Waz presumed from its vey organization to but anti slavery. The Church was Neo Rii destroyed by this last tech Fig of. The member i fell Twa

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