Page 2 of 15 Apr 1870 Issue of Cincinnati Commercial in Cincinnati, Ohio

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Cincinnati Commercial (Newspaper) - April 15, 1870, Cincinnati, Ohio2the Cincinnati commercial Friday. April 15, 1870. picture of a stubborn ass and a Bull attempting to butt a locomotive. A Tho declaration of Independence used to be called a glittering generality. It is now an accomplished a the american Eagle no longer a Tho Kentucky delegation mainly from Cov-1 Egton and Newport displayed a motto promising the Southern Railroad 40,000 votes in the affirmative. A Wagon bore a Pyramid on the sides of which were inscribed the a Ames of the old time Diston. Guts lied abolitionists and the later prominent friends of Universal suffrage. Also the names of battlefields in which coloured troops distinguished themselves. A Honor to Grant and the people and the fifteenth a truth and Justice have at last a we Praise the lord we thank our a red White and blues no distinction of a emancipation 1863, suffrage 1870.&Quot a Fremont 18g1, Hunter 1862, Lincoln 1863.&Quot Quot Grant our next through the 8treeth. A Tho procession moved along through the streets the sidewalks were crowded on both sides with coloured people mostly women and children who accompanied the procession and filled the ample space set aside for the people in the rink. Among the carriages was one containing delegates from Madison Indiana including Samuel Jones and Charles Williamson prominent and influential citizens of that place. There were also to be seen the following coloured clergymen a Rev. George Dardis Rev. James a. Shorter Rev. E. W. S. Hammond Rev. Philip Tolliver. Rev. David Smith Rev. Asa Pratt Rev. Sampson p. Lewis. A Strong detachment of the police Force under the command of a lieutenant marched with the proof Salon which reached the rink for the oratorical exercises at half past 2 of Clook. The steeling at the Kink. The organisation. President Peter h. Clark Esq. Vice presidents Rev. Thomas k. Knox T. B. Nickens Joshua Collins Henry Williams William Dames Gabriel Stranere Stephen Irvin Jeremiah Mondowney Moses Smith. We. S. Beckley. Jesse Collins David pleasant t. N. Liverpool Rev. Geo. Dardis. Rev. P. B. Fer Gesod Willis Felton Levin Brown Thomas j. Goode Stephen Franklin James Barnett Philip Toliver sr., we. H. Harrison. We. Williams Moses Green Robt. G. Ball we. Bockley Robt. Gordon Hartwell Parham James a. S. Elliot we. H. Julies we. D. Goff John r. Tinsley Jesse s. Fossett Richard Fortson Alfred Keith Henry bold. Eugene Berry we. P. West Jas. A. S. Clark Elliot Clark George Peterson Chas. H. Slater Rev. 8. P. Lewis John Lucas James Stewart Oscar Gaines John Elliot a. 8. Thomas John h. Porter Fountain Lewis trios. Colston Jacob Madison Harvey Young m. P. H. Jones. Albert Jenkins. Secretaries Joseph c. Corbin and Isaac m. Troy. Chaplains Rev. Wallace Shelton and Rev. Joseph Emery. Reader mrs. Ophelia Bell. Committee on resolutions to. N. Liverpool chairman Thos c. Ball and we. P. West. The attendance at the meeting was Large enough to fill any pub Lio building in the City save the one in which the meeting was held where the crowd seemed lost in the great space. If a Here were two or to fee thousand persons present during the three hours the meeting a a held in Quot not Over a third of them paid much attention to the exercises. Those what listened sat quietly on above and directly in for onto the Large stand on the East Side from which the speeches were made. The others who were lai5tly Iff the majority were talking around the platforms standing in groups in the galleries and Distant Corners and paying More attention to outside matters. The speakers made themselves heard with considerable difficulty As the several Hundred children in the building took it upon themselves to make All the noise in their Power and appreciating the situation they would t to restrained of their Liberty of speech and action. Between speeches there was music by the hand and singing by the audience. The resolutions were the last on the programme. At 3 o clock precisely or. Peter h. Clark called the meeting to order and announced that was requested to join in the opening song a american a my country a tvs of thee Quot &c., which Wab Sung. Prater. This Over there was a prayer by Rev. Wallace Shelton chaplain of the Day. The prayer gave thanks that All Meu had been made of one blood Kat the Power of god s word had let the oppressed go free that those who had worn the chains of american slavery could now rejoice in gospel Power that it had come tar their Relief and acted upon the hearts of the Good men of the nation thanks for Abraham Lincoln and the Good men of his Cabinet for the removal of to it and men for the coming of general Grant for the labors of Good men in by gone Days to this great change that had culminated in the fifteenth amendment. He prayed god to make tote coloured people Strong in the Eye of god returned thanks that they had already aided to keep the Bible in the schools and hoped that it might always he kept there. The band now played a red White and the proclamations. Mrs. Ophelia Bell the Reader of the Day a handsome Quad Roon lady with regular features and splendid Grey eyes now read the proclamations by the president and Secretary of state of the enforcement of the fifteenth amendment. She read in a Olear voice and with considerable Power but Only a few hundreds of those present could hear her on account of the noise and confusion that held their own throughout the meeting. A Star spangled Banner Quot by Tho band. The presidents remarks. Or. Peter h. Clark then made a few remarks. He said it was impossible to express More than a few thoughts aroused by this great event. It would be unnecessary for a word to drop fresh Down from heaven to express the feeling on this occasion. He would better express himself in thought while hearing a band play the Star spangled Banner. For that Flag now waved Over Only free men. He had Felt like telling the people Quot Tell old John Coleman the Nigger is a a Why a a a Leinen Blok a a Trumps to Day Quot said he. His great Reform inflicted credit on both White and Black. For two Hundred years the Blacks had had whips and thumb screws and had not been allowed to own their wives but All this time thousands of philanthropic White men and to a Nien had naught in their Friendship for the b ask. But while the speaker was proud of his while ancestry he did not forget his Black ancestors. The negroes were a great and Strong people. Any other people would Long since have been swept away like the red men. He bad worked la self the Black Man had into the Confidence of the White Man. Why not Long since a White brother Here had coasted of eating Aud sleeping with the Blacks. Laughter Semi people talked about the Blackf Many a thick Skull. Now there was one Good feature in a Jtb Iek Skull. When an idea once got inside of it it was hard to get it out. Or. Clark closed in a grateful manner inviting the White people to join with them in the Celebration and then introduced or. J. Corbin a who presented the following a a correspondence Reading some of the letters. States the Congress and the president would in pro Senos of this insurrection be authorized to proclaim Freedom to Tho slave. A they did revolt and obedient to my Oon Violon and my declaration i reported in july 1861, a Bill for the liberation of slaves and in january. 1862, i spoke the following words to the representatives in Congress �?~pa88 a r5&Quot ing four million slaves held by the rebels and thereby break every unjust Yoke and let the oppose had go frock in Oft Dinco Fco that Oom Mand which comes to us like a voice from heaven proclaiming Liberty throughout All the land a to All the inhabitants do you say this was fanatic Siam do Vou say god was a fanatic when he commanded it a a not unmindful of the rights of my fellow Olti Zens so Long forgotten not forgetful of that utterance proclaimed in High official position that they a had no rights which White men were bound to respect a which utterance i denounced an atrocity and blasphemy i attempted As Early As 1865 to Amend the Constitution so As to secure to All men the equal Protection of the Laws 8tate and National. If there be anything in my Public life which gives me entire eat Sfax Tion it is the fact that i was permitted to propose and with the consent of the people incorporate in the Constitution of my country the following provision a no state shall make or enforce any Law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of the citizens of the United states nor shall any state deprive any person of life Liberty or property without due process of Law nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal Protection of the Laws and the Congress shall have Power to enforce this a a afterwards in 1867, Long before the fifteenth amendment was proposed the ratification of which Yon and All the people have just occasion to celebrate i moved As an amendment to the Bill for the military government of the insurrectionary states the following a a a that whenever the fourteenth amendment of which the foregoing Section proposed by myself is a part shall a have been duly ratified and any state lately in insurrection shall have ratified Tho same and modified its Constitution and Laws in conformity therewith and presented to Congress a constitutional government Republican in form and not inconsistent with the Constitution Aud Laws of the United states and which shall secure equal and impartial suffrage to the male citizens of the United states Twenty one years of age resident therein without distinction of race color or previous Gondi Tion of servitude such state shall he entitled to representation in e a to Crown and Complete the work of reconstruction a to establish Justice and secure the blessings of Liberty a i sought to make the last amendment the fifteenth provide that the rights of citizens of the United states to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United states or any state on account of race color nativity property education Creed or previous condition of servitude. Although this amendment in this form was approved by a vote of the Senate and of the House by reason of disagreement As to words merely a conference became necessary from which resulted the fifteenth amendment As it is. It was my privilege to be a member of that Oon Ferenze and i deemed it my duty to accept the amendment and Sien the report on the principle that it was just and right Aud that it was the duty of statesmen to do what was just and right although the measure omitted what i might deem desirable ,. A no Man can doubt that the amendment As it stands furthers the ends of the Constitution the establishment of Justice Aud tie Security of Liberty. It wrongs no Man and it secures the rights of Many men. It received my vote on its passage and my ardent warmest support in its trial before the people of the country. Quot i rejoice in its adoption and Trust that it May stand together with the other provisions of the Constitution so Long As there is men on the Earth. In All the hereafter May it be accepted As the written Law of the people that in America All men Are equal before the Law and the rights of each the humblest citizen of the Republic secured by the bomb led Power of All. A yours with respect John a. Bingham. A to messes. Peter h. Clark t. N. Liverpool j. Corbin and j. M. Troy committee Cincinnati a United states Senate Washington d. C., March 3,1870. 5 Quot gentlemen it will not be possible for me to attend your proposed Celebration but the ratification of the fifteenth amendment is an event fit to be celebrated with Joy and thanksgiving. It places our institutions upon the Only True basis of a Republican government. It is the logical result of our great struggle. We can for the first time hold a real Jubilee according to the scriptural sense when All the enslaved Are free and All can enjoy equal rights Aud privileges. Very truly yours f a John Sherman. A a messes. Peter h. Clark and others a House of representatives i Washington february 28, 1870. It a Prev. Peter h. Clark and messes. T. N. Liverpool j. U. Corbin and j. M. Troy committee a fsr rss yours is received relative to the proposed Celebration of the ratification of the fifteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United states. A it is probable that my duties will detain me until summer and a i Oan Only express my pm found eym Patby with All who rejoice in the final Triumph of reconstruction on the basis of equal civil and poll tidal rights the establishing of those great principles of Liberty Aud Equality which the founders of the Republic declared. Mav the god of nations inspire and guide us in the exercise of the rights of american citizens. Yours truly a Job e. a Howard University Washington d. a March 7,1870 correspondence. Quot Temouse of representatives forty first Congress. United states a Washington d. C., february 28, 1870, a a gentlemen it gives me pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your communication in which you do me the Honor to invite me to be present and participate in a Public meeting at Cincinnati in commemoration of the ratification of the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of our common country. A i deeply regret that my Public duties will not permit me to join in celeb rating an not As solemn As just and As far reaching As was the great declaration of the fathers of the Republic. A you will Pardon me for saying that eleven wears ago in my place As a representative it the people i declared that your enslaved race in the United states were natural born citizens of the United states under disabilities that afterwards now nine years ago while the plotters of the late Oolep Traoy against the nation s use still remained in the councils of the nation i declared that if they revolted against the Constitution and a Sisro Antof the us std a Peter h. Clark it a dear sir your favor of february is received inviting me to be present at a oel Ebra Tion at Cincinnati As a Jubilee in recognition of the great gain of our people in the passage of the fifteenth amendment. I Ain very sorry that my Publio duties Are so pressing that i can not leave Washington for so Long a trip hut i rejoice with you in the event. The actual attainment of an end so desirable so Long looked for has been reached so quietly that we hardly realize the fast. I Trust that the quiet enjoyment of the privilege guaranteed by suffrage in thousands of families and in whole states where it has been denied will inaugurate a Jubilee far beyond this occasion a i anticipate great results in this generous action of our people securing citizenship in the fundamental Law but that such a result May be beyond Pera Vuturo we must have with such enlarged suffrage of extensive education of the right kind. A i have been deeply thankful to god that he enabled your Christian judges in Cincinnati to dec do in favor of his word. I Hope and Trust that there May be no such exclusion anywhere As was contemplated no such interdiction of the use of the Bible whatever be the language or edition of its publication. A with much esteem i remain yours truly a to. O. Howard a Brevet major general u. S. a Washington d. A april 1, 1870. A Peter h. Clark. Esq. Act Usik for your kind invitation to attend a grand Jubilee to come off in a few Days in Celebration of the ratification of tie fifteenth amendment i thank you very cordially. I regret that i am unable to be with you. I Send you however my Heartiest congratulations and unite with you in silent but fervent thanksgiving that god in his Wisdom and goodness has not Only wrought our emancipation but perfected our enfranchisement on the soil or our own native land. Let us accept All the responsibilities that Home to us in our life of Freedom and by Manly Endeavor and Noble achievement show ourselves worthy sons of our regenerated and now glorious government. A with sentiments of High consideration for each of you and the liveliest interest in All that Parta ius to the Dolored american a i am respectfully yours. A John m. Langston a a Washington d. C., february 26, 1870. A Peter h. Clark and other committee a a gents i am gratified by the invitation which you have extended me. I can not positively Promise to be with you but i will make the attempt to go and if health Aud duties Here permit it May succeed. If not i will if possible write you. Please let me know the Day As Early As possible. A very truly your obedient servant a Schas. B. instant is before me inviting me to he present at the on bursting of the feelings of our people in your City that takes place soon after the promulgation of the great National event giving us the ballot of Protection. Language is not at my command to give expression to toss Heartfelt Joy at this great result. Gents you must permit me to allude to my labor for thirty two years in vindication of our cause. I predicted Twenty years ago that a government would not exist without giving the largest Liberty to the greatest number. This has been my honest convictions. This great truth the brotherhood of Man has been accomplished by the blood of the slain and Tho Strong Arm of the living. Nothing but Tho sacrifice of the slain and the blood of the martyred Lincoln could have Given vitality to the Onward course of the nation. The great ordeal of National strife compels the Law making people of this nation to do Justice to our people. Let god be praised and to people join in one hallelujah to him that Loveth and rules above. The struggle that took place in our legislature from the Somme nement to the close in both branches of the Assembly was a Well fought Battle the four yeas in the House and two in the Senate should not be forgotten by your or our people on them rested the whole matter and they stood firm As the Rock of Ages. I was in the Senate every Day and in the House and heard every word on the subject and the course taken by the Democrato party to defeat the will of the people. Gentlemen i would be glad to be present but at this time i am not certain what will turn up. I shall try and be present if not my heart will be with you on that great occasion As we expert to have something in this place and i May be compelled to remain Home. I Hope that you will make the Way Well paid and the Day and night you propose to rejoice. I did not intend to say i pub but i would not say less. I must close by wishing you great Success and believe me to he your very obedient f. a Senate chamber Columbus o., february 26, 1870. A a messes. Peter h. Clark and others a a gentlemen your kind invitation to attend the Celebration of the ratification of the fifteenth amendment is received. The measure having been carried in the Ohio Senate by my vote i shall personally attend the Celebration when time is fixed if circumstances permit a yours truly m. a Senate chamber Columbus March 14,1870. A a messes. Peter h. Clark and others a a gentlemen i received your very kind invitation to be present at your grand Jubilee to celebrate the ratification of the fifteenth amendment. I regret that my health and my official duties Are such As to prevent me Froine it being present but most cordially to ode to the request to Send you a sentiment. I had the Honor to introduce the Bill in the Ohio Senate to ratify the fifteenth amendment and farther had the pleasure of giving the final and casting vote for its passage to raise the Down trodden to put a human Descg in a position to respect himself was glory enough for me therefore with All my heart i congratulate the coloured people on the final adoption of the amendment. Sentiment. A the Man that will fight for his country should have the right to vote for very truly yours a Thomas h. Be a state of Ohio executive department Columbus March 30,1870. 5 a emr. Peter h. Clark Cincinnati Ohio Quot dear sir your letter in behalf of the ool ored people of Cincinnati inviting me to be present at their Celebration of the ratification of the fifteenth amendment oame duly to hand. I have delayed answering it until the official announcement of ratification was made. I Oon grat late you that the proclamation so Long and anxiously looked for has been issued and that the Constitution of the United states is now la Harmony with the declaration of Independence. Quot May the intelligence virtue and patriotism of the enfranchised people be so la Artl our future history that no Good citizen will Ever doubt the Justice or Wisdom of the fifteenth amendment. A a i regret that my engagement do not permit me to accept your invitation. It very respectfully r. B. a Columbus february 1870. Own. Clark la Vervel Corbin and Troy a a gents your Yosry kind Faroe of the 26tb Washington d. C., february 25, 1870. A a messes Peter h. Clark and others a a gentlemen i received your circular proposing that the Dolored. Citizens of Cincinnati celebrate the ratification of the great event of this generation the fifteenth amendment to the National Constitution by a Jubilee amp of. A i need not say How cheerfully i do this. There is no one event in our National history fraught with More Beneficent and wide spread Benefit to Mankind than the adoption of this measure. It lifts up the Down trodden it enables those who have been so Long unjustly postponed of their rights and puts in their hands the Power to give voice to their wishes and their Hopes by Aid of the ballot which they will use As wisely and As bravely As they did the Musket when Pat into their hands by their government. With the one they gallantly won the other standing Side by Side with our race of patriotic White soldiers and right glad is every True Man that the Day has come when they May stand alongside those same soldiers at the ballot Box and vote to sustain the government which they fought to preserve. A i extend you my greetings and congratulations and remain most truly your obedient servant r. M. a Louisville ky., february 26,1870. A emr. Potar h. Clark and others committee 4ta a a gentlemen i wish i would attend your Jubilee but i have recently absented myself from my duties Here for so Long a time that i do not think it right to do so so soon again. I would like to congratulate you Ali on the not of Justice that has been finally done to your people. In giving you All the ballot the people of this country have done Only what they ought to have done years Avo. In saying this i do not speak As a politician but As a Soldier. A always considered that a people who Wero called upon to defend the country and of whom so Large a percentage wore the uniform and shouldered the Musket in defense of the country should have the right to vote. A i sincerely Hope that by practising soon oms educating four people by Industry and Good behaviour you will reflect As much Honor upon yourselves As Oil Zens As you did when soldiers. A was commander of the corps of Dolored troops daring the late War i Oan Bear testimony to your Good conduct As such and i have no doubt you will prove yourselves equally Good citizens. A hoping that you All Jay have much enjoyment at your Jubilee a i am sincerely your Friend a a a. Wietzel a major of engineers and Brevet major general United states �?ogentlemen5�?i thank you for your kind invitation to partake in your approaching Celebration and for your courteous request for a Toast. A while court is in session it is very difficult to get an evening for recreation. Permit me therefor to Send a Toast a a a Equality of Opportunity to All. The developments of every member of the state assures the fullest develops ment of the Quot very respectfully m. F. Force. A Peter h. Clarke and others committee governor Hayes absent or. Clark now announced the absence of governor Hayes detained away by business. His sentiments were now known but if any wore not Well acquainted with them they could find them in the morning papers. Be Marks of or. Waldo. Or. Clark having cobol used introduced or. F. A. Waldo who said be would relate something which might serve As a postscript to the letter of chief Justice Chase that had been read by the Secretary. The postscript had never been written but was spoken under Peculiar circumstances about a third of a Century ago. At that time it was almost As much As a Many a life was Worth to be a Friend of Tho negro. For a time three Days and nights an in Fri ated mob ruled the City and swept everything before them. Mayor Davis sat in his office helpless or. 8. P. Chase who was then the president of the Young menus Bible society in this City sent to the speaker to ask him whether he would not furnish some Young men to protect citizens against the mob. The Dolored Meu were in terror everywhere and five Hundred of them fled to the jail for safety. Or. Chase was enabled to raise Only sixteen Young men. He went out on Broadway where the mob bad congregated and faced them As they oame up. When this mob of three thousand men rolled up like mad furies or. Chase Drew his men across the Batroot and drawing himself to his full height said Quot the first Man that crosses that line the mob quailed beneath his Eye and the first Man to Cross the line was not found. That first Man turned Bank Aud the mob turned and rolled away Down Broadway and fourth streets and sought other food for their a Lolene. A but Quot said the speaker a thank god these scenes have passed away and we have now peace on Earth and Good will to or. We. N. Parhams speech. The superintendent of the coloured Public schools or. W. H. Parham spoke next As follows a fellow citizens we Are Here to Day to celebrate what the president has seen fit to de Olare the most important event in the history of the nation. I am Here As one of the speakers of this too asian to say not Only As has been said a Tell old John Coleman the niggers is a rising a hut a Tell him they have already Arisen to the Possession of manhood and womanhood and to the White people not Only that but that they have Arisen to the Possession of american citizenship a prouder Possession than can be acquired by the citizens of any other country applause a ninety four years ago the fathers met Ana in the face of All sorts of difficulties and dangerous surroundings declared that these United states Are and ought to be free and Independent states. It was a Noble thing a grand thing but at the same time they did a grander thing than that in carrying out through the darkness and gloom of a Long War what they had declared they should do of sting aside their allegiance to what had been Belr government Ana adhering to certain principles i Call them divine principles those which were enu donated by those Noble fathers. A i know some Tell us they were glittering generalities that they were intended for Buncombe made with a mental reservation. I Tell you Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson Aud those Noble fathers of our oui try had upon them the labor of the times they had no time for the speaker now reviewed a Tittle history and then said a the nation has now returned to the position occupied by the fathers standing in that Temple of just government taking a stand which declares free and equal rights to All Meu no matter of what color. I know that this great event has occasioned a great Deal of talk. To Many of our White friends the fifteenth amendment Means simply that some few thousand More voters have been added to the list of voters. Tons it Means More it Means Security in those inalienable rights with which the fathers declared us All endowed. It Means to us Security in the right to live. A do you suppose that if we had had the ballot at the time those demons spoken of by or. Waldo were doing All they would to annihilate the Black rate we would have had no Means of defense or at the time when the mobs wore burning the orphan asylums in new York ? then i say the fifteenth amendment Means to us Security to our lives. Again it Means to us Security in the right to Liberty. A what sort of Liberty was that we enjoyed without the ballot it was no Liberty at All it was a deception and a heat now it Means to us Security in the Pursuit of happiness that our children shall be educated just As the children of anybody else. Again it Means to us that if i or any other Dolored Man think happiness depends on going to Columbus or Washington he Oan have the right to be voted for to go there. Yes my friends it is an important event to us it Means much More to us than to any of these White gentlemen who sit Here and Are not identified with our race. A but at the same time while we rejoice at this while we remember that we now stand equal olt Zens with All other men it becomes a to Bear in mind that this new Oon Dillon brings not Only Joys but duties and its Well for us to 8repare for these new duties. I do not stand Ere to attempt to instruct you i know you Are going to vote always right for Freedom Justice and right and for our country for Ever i am not Here to sell you to any party or to declare that you Are the property of any party. But i am Here to declare that you Are Loyal to this great Republic. A one More word and i am done. While we want to rejoice that we have passed through the red 8ea, and have reached the Haven of safety and Liberty Aud Equality we must remember the Noble men who have died As martyrs in the cause of Liberty. How it would have Joyed their hearts to see this that All Meu in this great Republic Are equal before the Law. Now i am not in favor of what la called negro Equality. I am not in favor of any other Equality than intellectual Aud moral Equality. If i am As religious and moral and Correct in my habits and deportment As another Man i am that Many a equal Aud he Oano to keep me from being his equal. A i saw on one of the obelisks in our procession to Day the name of Elijah p. Lovejoy of sainted memory of the Noble Martyr president Abraham Lincoln and of other of our Noble friends. We should remember these men and when we Call our children to teach them their prayers we should teach them to remember the names of these Noble men. Now we Are Here As citizens. I have vouched for you Aud i feel satisfied that All 1 have said for you you will prove to be just As i have represented. Vote for the right and i know that you will always be ready to spend your last drop of blood in protect tag this Noble Republic of which you now Are olt Zens in every applause judge Storer it is remarks. A a Daniel Webster forty years ago in his speech in the Senate of the United states which never Oan be forgotten uttered the sentiment the Union one and inseparable now and but How Little did he think that Between that period and the interval when the Cannon was fired upon fort Sumter there would have been such tribulation among those who Felt that the Setti ment itself was not a glittering abstraction. If he had lived to have vindicated that great idea it would have embalmed his memory still More than it is but it seemed somehow or other to have fallen from his Tongue and never to have been illustrated afterwards. A Liberty and Union what was either when All that seemed to hold the country together was a question of Mere Al Nance Ora question tonne noted with the dominance of party it was a great wrong. One portion of our fellow men were kept in a bondage As hard and unendurable As that of the israelite la Egypt and yet it was proclaimed that Liberty and Union were identical. It was not until it was announced that human slavery Lay at the foundation of All the difficulties in relation to our Union that the step was nobly taken to eradicate the evil from our country. It a from 1832, when that step was made until 1861, it was but a series of fugitive slave Laws. It was but a series of enactments on the part of our Legislatures state and National to prevent those who were of a common origin with us who were made of the sane blood in the image of the same god who we must meet if we meet at All in another and better world where there is no distinction of persons to prevent them from enjoying the rights that should be common to All men. It was that crying evil against god and humanity that in duped what oame at last the waver of Battle. Before gods ancient people were relieved from slavery they passed through an Iron bondage. They passed through Many hardships and sufferings before they oame to the promised land. A i say to you now my friends you have passed the ordeal you have been compelled to endure and in the language of one of the speakers to which i would respond a Hearty amen this endurance has been Given you and this patience for the purpose of enabling you when your chains Wero St Loken off to walk Forth in the presence of almighty god As freemen feeling that you were no longer serfs under the control of men but men yourselves owing your allegiance Only to almighty god who had sustained you through All your wanderings and redeemed you from Captivity. That hour has Home. A you can stand like the sister of Moses upon the other Side of the red sea and Oan raise now a song of Triumph whose Echo will be heard As Long As time lasts and it will be taken up i Trust in eternity for it is a part of gods work not ours. A you Are now my friends introduced into what is to you anew Field of duty As Well As of trial but i feel that the tribulations you have endured and the dangers through which you have passed have taught you How to estimate men have taught you that your own hearts need font Lynual training and continual discipline. I believe that you will thus be enabled to Dos charge the duties that now devolve upon you. A thereafter there is no distinction of race or color before the Constitution As there never was in the sight of the judge Storer then referred to the time spoken of by or. Waldo when the lives and property of the coloured people were threatened by infuriated mobs. The judge had witnessed some of these scenes of violence and had with others interfered to prevent the mob from succeeding in their purpose. In his remarks he paid a High compliment to 8amuel Lewis whose record was not one that was made for the moment or inscribed for the occasion. There was no political horizon to which he directed his Eye but he Felt within his inmost soul that his duty to god required him to vindicate the right. In conclusion the judge said he hardly thought it be Ebsary to spend More time in advising the coloured people As to their duty. He confidently believed that knowing the right they would do it. The great thing for them was education. They should before All things Edu Oate their children. There was no Point of intellectual improvement to which any of them might not attain acid no science that they would not thoroughly understand. Their new condition to which they had arrived was not the work of men it was the work of the almighty and ascribing the Praise and glory to him they should seek to make the world Wiser and better according to their Light and ability. The judge concluded by invoking upon the Dolored people the Protection of that god whose Angel had led Vliem to this Happy termination of their labors and sufferings. Babe h of Robert Harlan. A fellow citizens a these words of say Uta ton Are pleasant to us bearing As they now do truth and not falsehood. We Are indeed to Day citizens of a common country clothed with equal rights before the Law. To those of us who Are beyond or upon the Middle period of life when we remember the dark past and see the Happy present with its glorious Hopes of the future All seems a delusion a pleasant dream to be dispelled with the Light of the waking moment. A yesterday manholes stripes blood Bounds no husband no wife no Parent no of held no country no Home nothing to Day husband wife father Mother son and daughter country and Home everything. A some of us remember How Ronld we forget when years ago after the weary Days labor was ended our Slaye Mother Knelt with us around the Hearth of our slave Cabin and poured Forth her agonizing prayer that god would give to her dear children Freedom. This then seemed impossible. But with him All things Are possible and to him gracious father of us All be All the glory for our great deliverance. A the instrumental ties employed in working out this Happy consummation that on this occasion demand our attention and forever hereafter of similar occasions May be considered in the order of their importance. A and first and Chiefest and highest on the Roll of Honor is the Pioneer abolitionist. It was he who gave up wealth and place Aud station Aud social position that we might be free. It was he who awakened the Cou science of me 1 end would not let them sleep. Barch and 8tate and Commerce and society combined against him crying peace but there was no peace forgetting that the disturber of Tranquillity was not a Sposit but ylqlt�4 right they sought rest and to stifle their consciences by the destruction of the abolitionist. They drove him from the South imprisoned him in Baltimore mobbed him in Boston destroyed his press in Cincinnati murdered him at Alton and made the Gallows glorious like the Cross at harpers ferry. A in vain his Volos like the still Small Vole of conscience like the handwriting on the Wall like the ghost of Banquo gave them no peace. Great statesmen of opposing politics struck hands against him calling upon men to conquer their noblest prejudices great parties bomb led and struck at him in vain. These statesmen have perished these great parties have been scattered to the winds. William Lloyd Garrison has raised the Flag of Liberty Over the blood stained ruins of Sumter and we have peace. Never was a Victory More Complete never were the Means apparently so inadequate. It seems invidious to particularized in this Little army of heroes. But some names can not be omitted and can be Given without offence. A very dear to us must Ever be Garrison Phillips Sumner. Mrs. Stowe Frederick Douglass Browne John Brown a How can i speak fittingly of thee ? it is the proudest remembrance of my life that thou didst Onoe break bread beneath my Humble roof. How Oan we repay thy great sacrifice ? How can we Honor thy exalted memory a nor May a Dolored Man of Cincinnati omit another name from this proud list. The author of the Greenback May abandon tils offspring the Ermine of the supreme court May again be stained with injustice Blind ambition May mar it but the Nam e of Salmon p. Chase must Ever be dear to the coloured people of Cincinnati. We can not forget that he gave the full measure of his unsurpassed Powers in their Youthful and in their mature vigor to our defense that he stood manfully by the Side of Birney when a howling mob of respectability oried Cruz Fly him crucify him that again and again Aye Many times have we heard his eloquent speech in our courts vainly made it May have been in behalf of the hapless fugitive slave. We can not forget these things and when his life shall have run its course and he shall have been gathered to his fathers we will drop a sorrowing tear upon the record of his frailty and blot it out forever. A thus do we in feeble speech Honor those who have borne the heat and Burden of the Day. But there were others who oame to our Aid when the Battle waxed hot and the Issue was Uncertain and others again who came in at the eleventh hour and rendered efficient service. All these according to the measure of their Merit we Bear in grateful memory. Chiefest among them is the immortal author of the immortal proclamation of emancipation. A Happy Happy Happy Lincoln a who would not die a thousand deaths to have lived one such a life and who would not endure the cares and Griefs and struggles of a thousand such lives to be permitted to ascend the highest heavens with four million broken Fetters in his hand. The Chariot of Are in which Elijah ascended was a grand affair but it dwindles into As the triumphal car of Abraham Lincoln approaches Ana the everlasting Gates of heaven lift up their Heads to let him in. The army of Freedom like other armies had its mercenary forces. It Beems almost desecration to refer to these in this association. But the truth of history must have its Way. Quot there were those who hated us but loved office and the spoils of offic More. The opportune assistance of these turned Many a doubtful conflict in our favor and gave to May a forlorn Hope an unexpected and Brilliant Vlot Ory. It was thus in the repeal of the Black Laws of Ohio it was thus in the recent adoption by Ohio of the fifteenth amendment. We still have in our midst some of the prominent leaders of these a hirelings a Goorge e. Pugh. Alexander Long and Washington Mclean. While we thus recognize their services we have the satisfaction to know that the stipulated pay has been paid re Olpt in full taken and there is an end of it. A while we thus Honor our friends it is but proper to add that in the exer Olse of our new rights we shall not bring to the polls any grief to be avenged or Auy malice to be gratified other things to be equal we shall remember those who sought our Elevation rather than those who sought our degradation. The present Aud its needs and the future Aud its wants will govern our action. A but this is not the oco Aslon for argument or lengthened speech rather for thanks for congratulation for jubilation and Opportunity for expression should to Given to All who May desire it. And there is in our Joy this supreme satisfaction that it is at the expense of no one else a rights. It is a Vlot Ory where there Are no vanquished. We obtain our rights hut deprive no one of his. A and now it us take with us from Here a lesson and let us Bear with us a firm resolve that we will Endeavor to fulfil to the uttermost the faithful performance of our new duties. A with emancipation and enfranchisement Home not an end of our labors indeed they but begin. These furnish to us Many opportunities and greater responsibility. Whether what has been done has been wisely done depends mainly upon the use we make of it. While i have no fear that we will fall to vindicate the Wisdom of this action yet we will the More surely and More completely do it if we Uroe Eod with judgment and under intelligent direction. A we May do much for our own improvement but Many of us Are too far advanced in life to change our occupations and habits of life bequeathed to us by slavery much. As we May desire so to do with us it is too late. Far different is the Case with our children and Here is the supreme duty of our generation. Let us resolve that Home what May though it be biting poverty coarse garments Plain food and Humble shelter our children shall receive the full measure of education that their papa titles will admit of. A knowledge is Power and those who know the most and not those who have the most will govern this country. Let us Combine and associate and organize for this end. In the pulpit in the press in the Street everywhere let our theme be Edu Oathou education until there can not be found anywhere a of held of us that is not at the school. With this Endeavor carried out who Oan measure the Progress that May be made in a single generation of Freedom by a poor despised and enslaved rate ? then indeed would vanish prejudice then would the Noble martyrs to our cause not have died in vain and human slavery would evermore be a remarks of judge Taft. A i am glad to be Here and i Rise to testify my of on this oco Asiong my pleasure that the bal of has been extended to the coloured people. This great event is in to Lordanoe with the principles of my life. It suits my philosophy it suits my religion. I believe in the human rate Aud every race. I believe in men in their capacity for self culture and in their consequent of Palty for self government. A nation that has dared to he a Republic can Well afford to risk Universal suffrage. It is a Protection a against unequal Laws. A Republic is like a Pyramid the broader its base the firmer it stands. If any class is excluded there must be tyranny and the tyranny of the Many is As hard to Bear As the tyranny of the few or even of one. I would add one word not by Way of lecture in relation to the duty of self culture. Self culture is the duty of every voter As much As voting itself is his privilege. As i am not prepared to make you a speech to Day i will close by giving Yon a sentiment a Universal Liberty Universal Edu cation and Universal suffrage the policy and the Hope of our a a Joseph h. Perkins spoke next making an Able and interesting but very rambling speech. Tie was Happy in some of his remarks and wet fit withal Aud attracted at times the laughter au4 applause of his hearers. Or. Perkins spoke of the Black people As having made the country Rich and then of having corrected the morals of the country and of having been the cause of lifting them up to a High Standard of morality and religion by causing the War. They had now caused the country to be thrown open to All men to be free and equal to the chinese and the japanese. As time roiled on the Black rate would be lost in this just polyglot of nations. Speech of judge Hagans. A emr. President i saw a picture the other Day in Louisa Alcott a a Hospital sketches during the War which represented the Interior of a Hospital Kitchen. The negro 000k is busily engaged about her duties. A White nurse has tenderly gathered up the of oks a child and is bending Over a pot of Gruel and while listening to a lecture for her unseemly Pond not from a horrified member of one of the first families stirs the Gruel for Siok America with one hand and hugs baby Africa with the thank god America is no longer Siok in military hospitals and baby Africa then in its poll tidal childhood but Well nursed has grown to the full stature of a Man. We have witnessed the crowning act of Justice of this of Outry. A a a a such a Day 80 fought so followed and so fairly won came not till now to dignify the times. Since Caesars a less than forty years ago mobs in the interest of human slavery had Possession of this goodly Queen City a number of times. One of these mobs in open Daylight Oast a printing press that a Rod to advocate the cause of the oppressed into our Beautiful River. A in other parts of our beloved country similar and even More outrageous scenes of violence were witnessed. Happily time has obliterated All Marks of the crimes oot omitted by these mobs except the memory of them. They doubtless exulted in the conv action that by the wrongs they perpetrated and by the crowning insults to the press the voice of reason would be silenced forever. 80 thought the co Noil of Constance when it burned John h iss add Jerome of Prague at the stake but god sent Luther and the reformation the very next Century. So thought Charles Tho fifth when he founded his Empire on the Graye of human rights but out of that grave sprung the dutch Republic which grown into a mighty state after eighty years of War la the vindication of Tret Dom dictated Laws to the haughty Empire of the same Charles. A the lesson has been repeated in the eighteenth and now again in the nineteenth Century in oui own country. History is constantly repeating itself and has its inevitable compensations. How slow the world is to learn that there Nover was a truth that Force or even Law undertook to smother or destroy which Justice did not ultimately vindicate. A a Erro persistently followed invariably covers its votaries with confusion. Before truth Power and place and precedent and numbers a re helpless and though truth sometimes be 5 a bleed the pillar of loud by Day Ana the pillar of fire by night Lead it along a Ere was it with certain Victory. Less than thirty years ago the entire Antl slavery vote in Ohio was Only a Little Over 8,000. The struggles and dangers of those Days made a every who espoused the canse of the slave a hero. The traditions of those times and i am sorry they Are mostly traditions thrill this new generation with amazement. But As time grew on the numbers of those who were willing to incur the unjust odium and danger of attacking a monstrous wrong though entrenched behind Law. Increased. Of or a Long time this wrong contented itself with shaking its fits in the Public face and calling hard names and scattering threats liberally of what it would do if disturbed. It is within the memory of most of us that to politically annihilate a Man it was thought to be necessary Only to Brand him As an a about Lonist a and the thing was done. But at last even these things lost their efficiency. And then the monstrous wrong took up arms to perpetuate itself Aud made the most conspicuous failure in history. A thank god Many of the Early and True friends of the coloured Man still survive. It is eminently fitting that they should be Here to share the Triumph of this hour. Looking around i see among others love coffin a hero every Inch of him. Though he never led an army to Battle or shed a drop of human blood on any Battle Field. I know be will Pardon me for what i am about to say. I know him Well. He is a representative Man of the Early times of which i speak. Beneath that Plain and quiet exterior there beats As True a heart and lives As Noble a soul As Ever throbbed and dwelt in a human body. He needs no Patent of nobility or Coronet to stamp the rank of the Man. Could his history be written As i Hope it May no Romance could exceed it in plot and incident and character and a hair breadth a scapes a but what shall i say of those Early friends of the slave who Laboured and suffered for him and have gone from labor to Reward ? it is fitting that they too should be remembered Here. Is it a stretch of the imagination to say that they Are Here mingling with us and rejoicing with us though not in the body ? in their life time they were abused vilified and misunderstood. Conscious that they were right they would afford to wait for the righteous Verdi of history. Posterity is already doing Justice to their memory. It has always been so with the benefactors of Mankind. A a a five cities claim immortal Homer dead through which the living Homer begged his a we Little know How much the worlds True heroes suffer and endure. They labor not for earthly applause or renown but for a a More enduring substance All Honor to their memory. A Timo would fail me to speak of them All. I am told that i should speak of one particularly Samuel Lewis. He was personally known to Many of you. The Dolored Man had no More consistent Earnest and faithful Friend and advocate. He literally wore himself out in the cause of the oppressed with an unselfish Devotion worthy of the profoundest veneration. More sagacious than his contemporaries of the great whig party of 1840, he threw his whole soul into the movements then or shortly afterwards inaugurated for the divorce of the National government from slavery. Politically unpopular because the cause he advocated was in its infancy and unpopular he delivered addresses in the interest of human Freedom All Over this state and with an eloquence which still lives in the memory of thousands like a Bened Motlon he pleaded for the oppressed everywhere moving his audiences with his irresistible appeals and driving Home upon the consciences of his hearers the great principles of Justice that underpaid the foundations of a Christian government. To him perhaps More than any other Man the old Liberty party was indebted for its organization and Success. A the lived Long enough to see chief Justice Chase another Early adherent to this party in the Senate of the United states to see his own vate for governor of Ohio nearly 55,000 in the Campaign of 1853, and to see the eve of the great political Triumph in this state of 1856. I remember to have heard him say a few Days before he died that he clearly saw the Vlot Ory close at hand and that if it pleased god he wanted to live Long enough to hear one shout in the Camp. With mortal ears he never heard it but if an immortal nature takes any interest in human affairs the events of the last fifteen Vears have filled that nature with new Joy Aud Navy furnished it with new themes of Praise. A there Are other heroes who sleep to Day in undisturbed repose that must not be forgotten Here. What a Host of memories throng around us As we Survey the history of the past Nina years and remember the names that will live to the a last syllable of recorded time to tha hero that slumbers in an unknown grave a Well As to the Martyr whose ashes Are guarded yonder in the heart of the great West to All tha world owes eternal gratitude. We pause to pay the poor tribute of a tear to the memory of their great deeds and heroic sacrifices. They died for the preservation of the Union of these states and in doing so they vindicated a great truth and lifted a whole race to the heritage of freemen and Sot la motion influences for the amelioration of the Pond lion of All people on the fact of the Earth. A How like Romance the history of the past ten years and where in Tho annals of the world is there a parallel to it ? first John Brown and harpers ferry and the tragedy at Charlestown then the War precipitated in the interest of human slavery. Then the emancipation proclamation and its necessary complement Tho thirteenth amendment. Then the fourteenth amendment Reorg Nimg four millions of slaves As Oit zeus. And now finally the fifteenth amendment investing the coloured Man everywhere with the ele Tolve franchise. At last Tho Freeman is clothed with the Royal purple of Tho Sovereign and his brow encircled with the dignity of Empire. The world stands by and sees a whole nation of sovereigns do Honor to this new Coronation and greets it with waving Handa and welcoming plaudits. A Only nine years ago to Day we beheld a handful of men evacuate fort Sumter amid the exultant shouts and booming Cannon of Tho minions of the slave Power. To Day we c9le brate the annihilation of the last vestige of that same slave Power. A verily the world moves and moves fast verily god reigns and truth and Justice walk abroad together on the Earth and righteousness and peace have kissed each other Quot or. Philip Toliver f spoke briefly. He was Happy to be present and appreciated the too asian fully. No hearts were Fuller of gratitude than his and it would have been a great of Lamity to die before this Day. Liberty in the fullest sense and broadest acceptance of the term they had now sure strained Liberty. We recognize gods Providence in this. God was in this and his hand had very much to do with it it was the original mover and the primary source. The speaker now traced the events in the history of slavery and its abolition and the Long train of great circumstances that had led to this and to the enfranchisement of the Blacks. 8peech of Fred. Hassa Urek. A fellow citizens it is impossible for me to add anything to the Many eloquent speeches which you have heard to Day and i really believe that we of the White rate that Are Here positively Are at a disadvantage to Day Boa use on Dolored friends can feel better and feel heartier for they Are More emotional than we Are. <1 would not have undertaken to speak at All had not this Day been the drowning Day of the great fight in which i was engaged As a common Soldier Ever since i Oast my first vote. Applause a i remember the time when that old gentleman who spoke Here to Day in place of governor Hayes or. Waldo when he and i were standing a forlorn Hope at the extreme end of Tho seventeenth Ward in sportsman shall and they drove us from the platform with brickbats Ami Rotten eggs. I remember the time in 1855 when they be smeared my House with tar because i favored the election of Salmon p. Chase who did not get More than 3,300 votes in Hamilton county. But those Days Are past. A there were men connected with the history of those times in our town whose names should not be forgotten and i would not like to see this meeting adjourn without paying a Tribuz a of gratitude to the memory of old John Jolliffe. The Friend of the negro in this town applause the Friend of every fugitive slave the Friend of suffering humanity in general without regard to rate or color. He had a helping hand for everybody and if he forgot anybody it was John Jolliffe her Aatif he never received a Reward for what he had done except what his conscience gave him. A there is another reminiscence connected with this time which we should not leave unnoticed. Is is an event which took place Here in ibis City of our own but one which might have taken place in the classic Days of Greece and Rome an event which Speaks More than volumes could a favor of the Lunate nobility cd the african race. It is a name which will go Down to history and a name which shall not remain unnoticed to Day. It is the name of Margaret Garm a who murdered her children rather than let them go Back Luto slavery. Quot we hear a great Deal of the inferiority of race. That is what they charge on the Republican Par a that they wore in favor not Only of negro Equality negro supremacy. And i heard this argument adv aused to Day. I heard soaps follow say Down town to Day that the

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