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Chester Times (Newspaper) - October 29, 1946, Chester, Pennsylvania Stalin Gives Answers to 31 United Press Questions ined From Page One y and SUlln's replies follow: Question 1: Do you agree with Secretary of State Byrnes' feeling, expre-ssed in his radio address last Friday, that there Ls growing tension between the USSR and the United States? Reply: No. Question 2: It iuch increasing tension exists would you tell me the reason, or reasons for it and what are the most essential bases for its removal? Reply: This question does not ap- ply in view of my answer to the preceding question. Question 3: Do you foresee that present negotiations will result in peace treaties which will establish cordial relations among the nations which were allies in war against Fascism, and eliminate the danger of war on the part of the former Fascist sources? Reply: I hope so. Question 4: If not, what would be the principal obstacles to es- tablishment of such cordial rela- tions among the nations which were allies in the great war? Reply: This question does no apply in view of the answer to the preceding question. Question 5: What is Rusisa' with regard to Yugo decision not to sign th le treaty with Italy? Ifcply: Yugoslavia has grounds to be dissatisfied. Question 6: What, In your opin ion, is at present the worst threa of world peace? Reply: The incendiaries of new war: Foremast Churchill an those who think like him in Grea Britain and the United States. Question 7: If such a threa should arise, what steps shovild b Reply: Yci. they should. Question 15: Have the provisions f Potsdam, in your opinion, been dhered to? If not, what is needed o make the Potsdam Declaration n effective Instrument? Reply: They are not always ad- lered to, especially In the field of emocratization of Germany. Question 16: Do you feel that the eto power has been used to excess uring discussions among the four oreign ministers and in meetings f the United Nations Securltj ouncil? Reply: No. I don't. Question 17: How far does the Kremlin feel the Allied powers hould go hunting down and trying ninor war criminals in Does it feel the Nuernberg decisions lave created a sufficiently strong basis for such action? Reply: The further they will go he better. Question 18: Does Russia conside the western frontiers of Polanc permanent? Reply: Yes, it does. Question 19: How does the USSR regard the presence of British troopsj in Greece? Does it feel that Britain' hould supply more arms to the present Greek, government? Reply: As unnecessary (this reply is textual from the Russian as re- ceived in Question 20: What Is the extent of Russian Military contingents In Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, 'Yugo- slavia and Austria and how long do you feel in the interests of se- curing peace that these contingents must be maintained? Reply: In the west, that is In Ger- many, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria Romania and Poland, the Soviet Stalin's Statement Kills Britain's Red- Veto Scheme FORMER WAVE Genevieve Sul- livan, whose five sailor brothers went down with the LT.S.S. Junoau in 1942, poses with her fiance, Murry Davidson, of Waterloo, hi., after they applied for a marriage license in ChicaKO. They plan their marriage in November. (International) want to think. The atom bomb is meant to frighten the weak- nerved, but they cannot decide the fates of war since atomic bombs are by no means suffic- ient for this purpose. Certainly, the monopolistic possession of the secrets of the atomic bomb does create a threat, but at least two remedies exist against it: Monopolistic- possession of the atom bomb cannot last long and use of the atomic bomb will be Question 28: How in your opinion London Stalin's statement to Hugh Bnillle, president of the United Press, was regarded today as the death sentence for Britain's effort to secure restraint of Russian use of the veto in the United Nations Security Council and Foreign Ministers Council. A Foreign Office spokesman con- ceded that the British hope of suc- cess in the veto move was based entirely upon Russia's voluntary co- operation. Asked if he thought the veto had been used to excess, Stnliu replied bluntly, ''No, I do not." The Stalin-Baillle cabled interview was the subject of intensive stud> at the Foreign Office throughout the day, but following lengthy inter- departmental consultations it wus decided to issue no official comment. By Inference a. spokesman did. however, give a hint that Britain views with a measure of suspicion Stalin's seemingly frank revelation that Russian strength in eastern Europe is down to 60 divisions. "A division can be anything from 5000 to the spokesman said. "Hence when someone snys 60 divisions I have no idea how many men are involved." He said he could not confirm re- ports that Russian divisions were generally smaller than the to nent yet made on this issue, and it eaves no room for any propagandist DIPLOMATS OF WORLD STUDY STALIN'S ANSWER interpretiuioii." he said. "It cuts nil Continued Krom One possible further discussion on the frontier problem." Informed but unofficial l-' quarters here said they expected "strong French reaction against sions. Anglo-Amerlcf- ciivi- Union has at the present time 60 can atomic power best be con- divisions altogether (rifle and ar- trolled? Should this control be on The majority of them are not i not) in full strength. There are t i A iiicic. n.i c taken by the nations of the worl no tr jn Yugoslavia In in order to avoid a new war? fwr. tima n-iim, Reply: It Is necessary to unmask and bridle the incendiaries of a j new war. Question 8: Is the United Na- tions organization a guarantee of the integrity of small nations? Reply: So far it Is difficult to I say. Question 9: Do you think that I the four zones of occupation in Germany should in the near future be thrown together insofar as eco- nomic administration is concerned, with the view to restoring Germany as a peaceful economic unit and thus lessening the burden of occu- I pation to the four powers? Reply: It is necessary to re- I establish not only the economic but the political unity of Germany as I well. Question 10: Do you .feel it I feasible at this time to create some of central administration, to placed in the hands of the Ger- themselves but under Allied IfTtrol, which will make it possible I for the Council of Foreign Minis- ters to draft a peace treaty for j Germany? Reply: Yes, I think so. two months time, when the decree of the presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Oct. 22 of this yeair con- cerning the last demobilization classes will be implemented, 40 Sov- iet divisons will remain in the said countries. Question 21: What Is the attitude of the government of the USSR to- ward the presence of American war- ships in the Mediterranean? Reply: Indifferent. Question 22: What is the present outlook for a commercial agreement between Russia and Norway? Reply: It is difficult to say for the time being. Question 23: Is it possible for Pin- land again, to become a self-suffici- ent nation after have been paid and is there any idea In contemplation of revising the rep- arations program so as to expediate Finland's recovery? Reply: The question U put wrongly. Finland was and remains a fully self-sufficient nation. Question 24: What will the trade agreements with Sweden and other countries mean with regard to re- construction in the USSR? What an international basis and to what extent should .the powers yield their sovereignty in the interest of mak- ing control effective? Reply: A strong international control is needed. Question 29: How long will it re- quire to rebuild the devastated areas of western Russia? Reply: Six or seven years if not more. Question 30: Will Russia permit commercial airlines to operate across the Soviet Union? Does Rus- sia intend to extend her own air- lines to other continents on a re- ciprocal basis? Reply: Under certain conditions this is not excluded. Question 31: How does your gov- ernment view the occupation of Japan? Do you feel it has been a success on the present Reply: There are successes but it would be possible to attain bet- ter successes. Asked what country ever had di- visions containing men, he replied, "The average strength of British divisions in France In 1940 was He said Stalin's remarks concern- ing a future policy for Germany "do not deviate from the policy line taken by (Foreign Minister V. M.) Molotov." Diplomatic representatives of European nations here studied the Stulm pronouncements closely, nud many called the United Press for additional information. An official Polish spokesman said his government was cheered greatly bv Stalin's itatement that he cou- sfdered the present Oder-Neisse frontier of Poland as "permanent." "This is the most precise state- Stalin's suggestion that Germany's industrial level should be raised." They described French political opinion as "united in every quarter against political unification of Ger- many for security and said France "views with anxiety Stalin's preparedness to have Germany uni- fied economically and politically." They said the French Govern- ment felt the question of German unification .should await n settle- ment of the future of the Rliino- Isnd and Ruhr, where France wishes to 'see buffer slates estab- lished. The Greek Government's London spokesman snid his government dis- agreed with Stalin's view that the >rcsence of British troops In Greece was "unnecessary'1 and reiterated he official stnnd that troops were here nt the request of the Greek Government to guarantee the main- tenance of order pending the return of the war-iOrn nation to normalcy. Also, he said Greece did not "share Stalin's view Unit the veto fins not been used too liberally." He said Russian use of the veto to prevent States are the chief obstacle to ponce." "It would seem to Hlcken- looper observed, "that failure of any country or any group of countries to discuss their rela- tions In the spirit of goodwill probably oilers the greatest threat to peace. "I certainly hope that Russia will see the errors of Us way and abandon Us policy of habitual suspicion in favor of full and open Hlckonloopor also disagreed with Stalin on Kussiat use of the veto in the United Nations. he snld, "the veto has boon used to prevent n satis- factory nppronrh to world prob- leihs." Rep. Percy Priest. D., Temi., also disagreed with Stnlin's criti- cism of Churchill. "Churchill is plain Priest said, "but I don't think he wants war any more than 1 do." Sir Hartley Shnwcross. British delegate to the UN, said: "Stnlin's rotVrences to Germany are exci'cdiiiKly InU'restlng and will require careful consideration CHESTER (PA.) TIMKS TUESDAY, OCTOBER 29, by the foreign ministers confer- ence. 1 am sure'the interview is quite wrong to refer to anyone in my country ns desiring or even contemplating a war." Poland's Foreign Minister and UN Deli-gallon Chief said: "The most Im- portant point. In my opinion, Is Is showing the path to peace by unmasking the in- cendiaries to war and bridling them. Also, one of the most vital points in the Interview is that Stalin denied opinion that in- creased tension exists between the Dig be- tween the US and the USSR. It Is very vital to stress that the hope for the future lies in co- operation between the big powers and all big forces In the world are interested in maintaining peace, whereas only small, neg- ligible groups are interested in Increasing the tension and chaos." Dr. C. Ij. Hsla, Chinese UN delegate, said Stalin's were "very diplomatic answers." Paris El Khoury of Syria did not believe small nations were In position to comment on "such matters Involving relations be- tween large powers." Pan! Henry Spaak. Belgium's Foreign Minister and President of the UN General Assembly, and Trygve Lip of Norway, Sec- retary-General, reserved com- ment until after further study. Andrei A. Gromyko of Russia said when handed a copy of the interview that he already knew Stalin's answers. Paul Hasluck, Australian rep- resentative on the UN Security Council, found Staiin's "very interesting." Tile Soviet leader's on atomic energy, he said, showed no change in Russia's stand against International controls and Inspection systems for atomic energy because Rus- sia always has favored "Inter- national control, but through nation agencies." Hasluck. one of the most adamant opponents of the Big Five veto power in the Security Council, said he considered Stalin's defense of Russia's use of the veto else could he He added that the condemnation of Winston Churchill seemed to be the same as previous remarks directed against him from Moscow. Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts, Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, refused comment. TlUK FATAL Torre Haute. Intl. Douglas Mc- Coskey of Terre Haute wns killed when a truck tire he was repairing blew up in his face. A piece of the rim struck him In the head. dispatch of an International com- mission to examine alleged Incidents on the Greek-Albania border had deprived the world of an opportun- ity to learn the truth. Culture Talk At Fellowship Club Question 11: Do you feel confident [in the light of elections which have I been held in various zones this sum- mer and fall that Germany is de- 1 veloping politically along Demo- Icratic lines which give hope for its I future as a peaceful nation? Reply: I am not sure of it for the time being. Question 12: Do you feel that, as (has been suggested in some quarters, I that the level permitted industry I should be raised above the agreed 1 Isvel to permit Germany to pay her own way more fully? Reply: Yes, I do. Question 13: What should be done [beyond the present Four-Power pro- I gram to prevent Germany from I again becoming a world military 1 menace? Reply: It Is necessary to extirpate tin practice the remnants of fascism I in Germany and to democratize her most thoroughly. Question 14: Should the German I people be allowed to reconstruct I their Industry and trade and be- jcome self-supporting? outside aid do you consider desirable for accomplishment of this great task? Reply: The agreement with Swe- den constitutes a contribution to the cause of economic cooperation be- tween the nations. Question 25: Is Russia still Inter- ested in obtaining a loan from the United States? Reply: She is interested. Question 26: Has Russia yet de- veloped its own atom bomb or any similar weapon? Reply: No. Question 27: What is your opinion of the atom bomb or a similar weapon as an instrument of war- fare? Reply: I already gave my evalua- tion of the atom bomb in a known answer to Mr. Werth. In a Sept. 24 answer to ques- tions submitted by Alexander Werth, Moscow correspondent of the London Times, Stalin said: do not consider the atom bomb to be a serious power, as certain political persons are HELD FOR COURT ON ROBBERY COUNT Henry T. Scott, 1906 West Elev- enth street, this city, was .released in ball today In a Wilmington court on charges of robbery and carrying n concealed deadly weapon. The charges were brought by Thomas Nix, of Wilmington, who testified that Scott covered him with a gun after Nix had won Scott's money in a craps game in his. Nix', home last week. Nix also charged that Scott had forced him to drive to Chester after the alleged robbery, also at the point of a gun. Over 100 persons attended the second "Units for Unity" lecture of the Chester Fellowship Club at the YWCA Monday night, when Allen Freelon spoke on "The History and Culture of the Negro." Freelon, the executive secretary oi the American Friends Service, is -also nown as a painter, etcher, and litho- grapher. In his talk, he describee the high level of artistic achieve- ment which the Negro had reachec even before being brought to Am- erica. THREETREATEDFOR INJURIES The hands hud it at Chester Hos- ital's ucdck'nt room on Monday. Virtually every accident t-usc rented there involved the hands of tie victims, three being injured serl- usly enough to be admitted. Thomas Smith. 2G, of 415 Clifton venue, Sharon Hill, a trucker, hnd ils hands burned by flaring gasoline, was admitted. Also' admitted vere Patrick Brown, 52, of 25H West Third street, a tendon being severed, nd Paul Ewaka, 27, of 307 East Eighth street. Others treated, and discharged, .vere Edward Keegtm, 30, of 1005 VlcClenachrm terrace, Mnrcus Hook; .Villiam Drlddcns, 21, of 718 Madison Joseph Laird, 18, of 3402 West Minth street; Albert Follett, three, 108 Gartside court; Samuel Rownsky, 56, of Pennell road, Lima; Angelo roscnno, 29, of 806 West Third street, and Mrs. Virginia Gowdy, of 1205 Market street, Marcus Hook. This achievement, said th OP A Removes Control On Oils, Fats Today Washington OPA today removed the last of the price controls on fats and oils, effective at 12.01 o'clock this morning. The fats and oils decontrolled in the final order include lin- seed oil, coconut oil, fish oils, inedible tallow and grease and a number of lesser known items. speaker, is evidenced by the Negro'; perfection of certain musical instrti ments, notably the banjo, and thi method of gold casting which lie in vented. He also discussed the higl level of craftmanship achieved b; the Negro while in slavery in th South, declaring that Negroes wer responsible for 90 per cent of th antique furniture in both the Nort and the South today. Dr. John Thomas, of Crozer Sem Inary presided at the meeting an introduced the speaker. Punch ant cookies were served at the end of the discussion period. The next "Units For Unity" course will be held at the YWCA next Mon- day evening, with Dr. James Flem- ing as the speaker. Emerson DOUGLASS GROUP AT ICE CAPADES More than 100 friends and mem- bers of the Jolly Travelers Club of Douglass Junior High School visited the Arena in Philadelphia, Satur- day, to sec the Ice Capades of 1947. Chnpcrones for the group were Mrs. Addle Hudson, Eugene Johnson and Samuel SwiggcLt. TO REORGANIZE A reorganization meeting of Chester Chapter No. 1, American Veterans' Committee, will be held in -the YMCA at 8.30 p. m., Wednesday. All members are urged to attend as well as persons interested In becoming members. AlJy SAINTS' SERVICE All Saints' Day will be celebrated at St. Luke's Episcopal Church Tenth street and Saville avenue Eddystone, Friday, with a service ol Holy Communion at, 9 a. in., Rev John H. Morgan, rector, announces I VALUES LIKE THESE SPECIAL! ONE-DAY ONLY Wednesday WATERFALL WALNUT BEDROOM SUITE DRESSER BED CHEST DRESSER BED CHEST VANITY Smart New Diamond Ring For Men! A ring you'll always wear with pride! Magnificent diamond set in an impres- sive masculine mounting of rich 14 karat gold in a handsome design. 710 WELSH STREET MARKET STREET CHESTER, OPEN FRIDAY 'TILL SAT. 'TILL Price Tnct. Tax PAY ON EASY TERMS with new de- velopments giving THREE TIMES THE POWER of {ire-war radio. The new 1947 Emeraons nre BETTER 011 every count I You get MOKE for your money. Choose from> a wide startng at S2 1-60 5II> MARKET STREET FA. OPEN 'TILL SAT. ;