Cherokee Courier Newspaper Archives July 17, 1969 Page 2

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Acton Free Press

May 1, 1958, Page 6

Acton, Ontario, CA

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Cherokee Courier (Newspaper) - July 17, 1969, Cherokee, Iowa The Moon Landing soberly and so nervously anticipated Early next week has significant agricultural ramifications. According to plans u. S. Astro nauts Armstrong and Aldrin will set foot on the Moon next monday. If the historic lunar touchdown is achieved countless millions of people around the world will rejoice As they watch the fantastic and costly space Triumph by Way of to. Not As immediately recognized but also important is the potential Benefit offered agriculture in the development or Remote sensing one of the Aero space program s intriguing byproducts. Remote sensing is a remarkable new technique employing Long distance color photography automatic data processing radiometric mechanical Multi frequency scanners speedometers and other highly sophisticated tools. It is a joint venture involving the National aeronaut space administration Namathe Purdue University Laboratory for agricultural Remote sensing la Sand the Usdan a agricultural research service ars. High Hopes Are held in some scientific circles for the potential inherent in Remote sensing. Supporters of this Little known aspect of Nasa s program realize it is a far cry from the dramatic world wide focus on the proposed lunar landings but they feel it already offers great Promise for agriculture and forestry. Disease control soil mapping fire detection irrigation conservation and dozens of other programs could Benefit materially if Remote sensing can be perfected for practical Applina a Tion. Cost of the program will be High. A recent official request was made for an additional $350,-000 to continue the work started five years ago. Ars and other officials emphasize that this request is for efforts Independent of the nation s Multi billion Dollar interplanetary space projects. They Are Quick to Point out however that the potential benefits from Remote sensing efforts could far outweigh the costs. A,$13 billion loss is now suffered annually by u. S. Agriculture because of inroads made by disease insects fire and other difficulties that beset our Fields and forests. Us a and Nasa leaders feel an additional $350,000 expenditure designed to help reduce the staggering yearly farm losses would be a Good in vestment detecting disease and insect infestations along with the measurement of land identification of crops and Plant stress prediction of yields Are some of the achievements already credited to Remote sensing As a practical reality. Only five years of experimentation have already accomplished surprising successes. Results of the Early work Are now readily available to anyone interested. Pictures and printouts seen by your a Light on agriculture producer and by several editors in Washington recently were an interesting revelation. They showed areas of disease in Grain Fields insect infestations in Large Orchards various kinds of crops photographed from great distances areas revealing fertilizer deficiencies Barren regions Etc. The photos i saw were remarkably Clear. The printouts by Date processing were relatively easy to understand. Conventional aircraft is presently used to Large extent to do Remote sensing. A number of especially designed ground based techniques Are also employed. In addition space vehicles Are proving their value in the Remote sensing program. Use of satellites Are regarded As the logical and Only Way the program can be extended to global applications. Scientists already visualize ways in which Remote sensing can be used to immediately detect disease outbreaks of insect infestations in Distant lands enabling a worldwide team of agronomists and pathologists to make recommendations for control before the difficulty spreads to other countries. Tiff Quot spy in the sky Quot charge May enter into the wider application of Remote sensing. International agreements must be secured bin Lars us a and Nasa officials Are certain All nations including those communist dominated will recognize the value of a world wide intercontinental space program of this nature and will eventually embrace it. Meanwhile much Hope is being held at Home for projects confined within our own Borders. Intriguing Post Wilities Are now being suggested by space scientists agronomists foresters and others working with the Remote sensing program. George Earle a soil and crops editor for successful farming Magazine has suggested that in addition to spotting insect and disease infestations locating soils problems Etc., the use of Remote sensing might enable scientists to map out wet soil areas locate wind and Hail damage and make topographical diagrams. Soil testing by use of infrared photography is another possibility. Some of the More enthusiastic leaders in the Remote sensing Effort foresee perfecting the system so that soil tests can be made without use of augers Spades Etc. However or. Robert Miller of us a now on loan to Nasa As ars Liaison official is not yet ready to assure Farmers of an easy Quot no dig Quot soil testing program. The us a publication put out by the ars tells of work already done in aerospace research applicable to agriculture and forestry. The findings Are shown largely in the form of pictures and printouts obtained through Multi spectral scanner data processing techniques. One is a Panchromatic mosaic of a sizable California farming area clearly showing such items As mature Rice in some Fields and immature Rice in others irrigation needs Barren soil various types of Trees and crops. The ars bulletin also shows convincing pictures some from great distances of indies concerned with water detection Green vegetation soil mapping Radiant temperatures soil deficiencies in Orchards and Fields soil salinity fungus infections damage caused by scale in Citrus Groves insect infested Timber Earth characteristics Field mapping and crop identification. There Are Only a few of the things Remote sensing has already achieved. Infrared and ultraviolet regions of the electro magnetic spectrum Are Basic tools employed in the Aerial photography associated with Remote sensing. The process measures reflectance and omit Tance of Plant soil and water temperatures and employs other known techniques involving Light and heat to produce remarkably Brilliant pictures. The photos when finally correlated with existing knowledge of farm and forestry practices and augmented by minimal ground samplings provide scientists with valuable and immediate information covering a Broad and diverse area. Or. A. B. Park of ars a leading advocate of Aero space research in agriculture says Quot the desirability of Many a direct participation in Mankind s Complex space borne experiments is now widely recognized. Scientifically trained astronauts in space vehicles can make on site observations. And capitalize on otherwise unforeseen he added that the beneficial Impact on All Mankind promises to be enormous. Specific applications of Remote sensing in addition to soil mapping disease detection and other items previously mentioned include assessing crop vigor detecting calamitous Droutas delineating critical indicators of Range land productivity determining pollution sources in mentoring Forest species checking rust infestations in grains Leaf Beetle eradication effectiveness of soybean nematode controls noting extent of floods Etc. Apollo eleven s Mission to the Moon this week and next will capture the imagination of people throughout the world. The prayers of All americans Are for a successful lunar Landing and return to Mother Earth. And while astronauts Armstrong Aldrin and Collins will probably not bring Back any samples of lunar rocks that will mean much to Farmers their courageous adventure into the unknown does suggest significant agricultural implications in incoming efforts that May mean much in future global food production. County fairs Are now in Progress. The first such exposition in Iowa this year opened saturday in Sac county. Others starting Early this week Are in Howard Lee and Calhoun counties. The first county fair in this area is scheduled for Primghar july 28-31. One of Iowa s Best known farm editors will be honoured in Cedar rapids this week. On the evening of july 17th Rex Conn Veteran farm writer for the Cedar rapids Gazette will be guest of Honor at Quot Rex several Hundred farm and Agri business friends Are expected to be of hand to Salute the nationally known Iowa farm journalist. Food supplier to world the United states is the world s largest exporter of agricultural products. Seventy one million acres of our 300 million harvested acres produced for Export. The land producing for Export represents the same acreage of cropland As that harvested in Iowa Nebraska Kansas and North Dakota. Whopper after a half hour Battle Willy Jonker Rock Valley landed a 65-lb. Paddlefish below the big Bend dam last month. The past few Days have brought out the flies in drove s. We be had several Calls about these pests and i expect Many others Are fighting these pests constantly. For spraying around your Home or the House on the firm the following materials Are recommended diazinon-6 Tablespoons of 50% material in i gallon of water. This material is Wettable powder and needs to be mixed thoroughly some residual up to 6 weeks Dimet Hoate Cygon 2e 6 ounces of this material in i gallon of water. Some residual up to 6 weeks malathion 5 Tablespoons of 57% material in i gallon of water. Lasts 7 to to Days. Ronnel Korlan 12 Tablespoons of 24% material in i gallon of water. A Ray around foundation of House also a strip of Lawn next to House and on Bushes and shrubs where flies rest. Also around garbage can Etc., that attracts the flies. For indoors use Dup resin strips. These strips will control flies in an area of 1000/cu. Feet. Precautions should be used in Small air tight residences. There Are also some pyrethrin aerosol containers use As manufacturer directs. Air conditioning if you re wondering How to beat the heat this summer one solution might be House air conditioning. Dale Hull Extension agricultural Engineer at Iowa state University says the easiest Way to have Central air conditioning is to install an air conditioning unit in the Furnace duct with the compressor located outside the House. But he reminds that Many houses Aren t equipped with the proper Furnace ducts insulation or wiring for Central air conditioning. So be sure to have an air conditioning expert inspect your House before installing an air conditioning unit. An inexpensive Way to get partial air conditioning is through room air conditioners installed in windows. When selecting a room air conditioner Hull says to look at the Btu output per hour and the amperage and wattage pulled by the unit to get the desired amount of capacity. A Rule of thumb is to figure 12,000 buts per hour for each 500 Square feet of House. Host families and their Nebraska 4-m guests enjoyed a picnic at Spring Lake Park thursday evening so All could thare the experiences of meeting one another s Custer county guests. Host families includes or. And mrs. Del Ament. Cherokee or. And mrs Harry Eischen or. And mrs. C. J. Barwick and or. And mrs. John Barry. Four Cherokee county 4-h members who enjoyed the week in Custer county returned Home with Chester Benson who took the Custer county youths to their Nebraska Homes wednesday. A staff photo Custer county Cherokee county 4-h Exchange found hosts and guests from Custer county Nebraska and Cherokee county happily getting acquainted. Exchanging ideas and sharing the experiences of farming and ranching As carried on in each area. A picnic thursday evening at Spring Lake Park highlighted the week Long Exchange. Hosts and g tests for the 12th annual Exchange which ended july 16 were Doug Berry Marcus and guest Dan Slagle. Sargent neb. Mike Berry. Sid Barwick and guest Terry Brand broken Bow neb. Front Row Margaret Gunther broken Bow and Host. Juhe Ament Monica Eischen and guest Cheryl Struempler Berwyn neb. A staff photo cos. Ana otes by Theda Nelle Scott freezing fruit eliminate discoloration no matter How fast you hurry when preparing peaches cherries apricots apples or strawberries for the Freezer there s a Good Chance the fruit will Darken either during processing freezing or when thawed later. Discoloration begins when these fruits Are peeled sliced and exposed to the air producing both an off color and less desirable product. What s a homemaker to do there Are several methods to prevent darkening. Probably the oldest and most common method is adding sugar in cold syrup or dry sugar pack. However neither is As effective As adding ascorbic acid Vitamin c mixed in a Little cold water to the fruit. Ascorbic acid can be added to the sugar packs or used As a preservative without the sugar for those who prefer or must restrict their use of sugar. How does it work the oxygen in the air reacts with the ascorbic acid rather than the fruit. In this Way the original color and fresh taste of the fruit remains. Citrus acid in the form of Lemon juice is another commonly used anti darkening agent. However when used in Large quantities it May cover up the natural flavor of the fruit or make it too sour. A less expensive method that can be used to prevent darkening of cooked fruits such As apples is a sodium bisulfate dip. The powder can be purchased at the drugstore. Use i 1/2 Teaspoons to a gallon of water and dip the or no ironing. But because there Are so Many knits on the Market coming in a very Price Range critical buy Manship is essential. Every knit purchased should have a Label or tag which gives care instructions. Some knits Are Best dry cleaned and others Are Best laundered. Look for runs broken yarns or holes even hems and a puckered zippers. Knits should retain their original shape when stretched enabling the seams to give with the fabric. Bonded knit fabrics should have an even surface with no noticeable glue spots. Sliced fruit in a cheesecloth bag in the solution for five minutes. Wait for one hour before freezing. A convenient but More expensive method for those who dislike mixing ascorbic acid and sugar or Citrus acid and sugar Are the specially prepared anti darkening mixtures. They can be purchased at most grocery stores. Watch out for the knit invasion almost everything Quot goes Quot in knit these Days. It s estimated that a third of american outerwear and More than half of the underwear comes in knits and a bigger invasion is predicted for 1970. Improved fibres and techniques of construction make it possible for better and More varied fabrics. There Are polyesters acrylics acetates Tri acetates and blends. And they come in single and double knits Tricot jerseys and Raschell. Today s knits Are especially Good by nature they re wrinkle resistant and generally have a Good recovery. Even the most Active child can Bend stretch walk run and sit in most of them and they la snap Back to their original shape. They come in everything from raincoats to bathing suits to men s suits and evening gowns. And at about every Price Range from inexpensive baby gowns to costly tailor made suits. Another Surprise is that Many of the new synthetic knits Are eary care. They re machine washable and most require Little More farm research Quot to meet the american consumer s increasing demands for Quality meat we will have to place Strong emphasis on research. There is a great need for example for lowering the Cost of livestock production. One Way to do this is through Breeding for multiple births could make possible tremendous increases in reproductive our researchers believe it is possible eventually to attain goals such As these beef cattle a 2 calves per cow per year instead of 0.8 calf the present . Average. Hogs a 20, maybe 25, pigs per sow per year instead of the present 15 pigs. Sheep a 3, maybe 4, Ewe per year instead of i Lamb. Achievement of these goals would both greatly increase meat supplies and sharply lower production costs. Quot if we could achieve for livestock the Type of efficiency in feeding attained by the broiler Industry the saving for beef cattle alone would be More than $1.6 billion a year Quot the Secretary said. Quot an additional saving of $900 million could be made for Swine and sheep. Quot the waste fat that is trimmed from Choice beef amounts to More than 20 percent of the carcass weight Quot he continued. Quot if this could be reduced to 5 percent the annual savings in feed along would be Over half a billion dollars. Des Moines a you who have complained that Iowa s Lovely vegetables Are a bit fusty and fair worn near the end of the states great exposition complain no More. Replacements will be sent up the Early morn of wednesday aug. 20, required to stay Crisp into the Twilight of sunday aug. 24, the last Day of the 1969 state fair. They will be coloured red and Orange yellow and Green. Youngsters getting a suntan while weeding their gardens will have modest compensation in Small premiums and big Pride for such Effort in the enlarged Junior Garden program. These changes Are part of the and Hore Tofu ism much More extensive agriculture and horticulture departments in charge of Ray Hether Shaw a Farmer near Des Moines. His Center is agricultural Hall that great Cavern redolent with the fragrance of vast Market gardens in the warmth of a waning summer. Apples May develop Brown spots Beans fail to snap and com appear a trifle Dessica ted but they Tell of Rich production in the midlands. Premiums in the special vegetable division amount to Sig in each of to classes. Each class requires six specimens unless otherwise noted. They Are 24 specimens of snap Beans table beets carrots any Long variety Dill pickling and slicing cucumbers Sweet Corn any variety five specimens each of red and yellow tomatoes quart of red or yellow preserving tomatoes any shape. The Junior division is open to boys and girls 16 and under limited to one entry in each class. Exhibitors Are not eligible to enter horticulture open classes. The $54 in Premium Money is divided $3, $2, $1 in each class. The classes generally limited to five specimens Are beets one head of cabbage carrots cucumbers for slicing any color onions Sweet peppers six specimens potatoes Sweet com in Husk tomatoes. Entries in the vegetables Section offering $1,527 in premiums close Friday aug. I. Hethershaw requests the variety of vegetable be written on the entry tag to satisfy the curious Public. He also recommends that Quality and condition he general guides in selecting exhibits. Characteristics of the egg plants and Kohl Rabis Are More important than size he said unless the class Calls for a us Jar specimen. The $542 in table vegetable awards Are offered for All the vegetable soup regulars also for herbs used today by Home gourmet Cooks Squash Blue Golden Butternut cucumbers mature seeds lower Quality it says. If you know of any vegetables not listed enter six specimens. The $24 in Field or Stock vegetables is offered for commercial a a a Ugar beets heaviest pumpkin Wood Stem heaviest Squash Fleshy Stem. The display of Irish potatoes consists of six varieties of 15 specimens each and is limited to the first six entries. Awards total $82 out of the $331 offered for All potatoes. Individuals or firms with flair for vegetable arranging have their Chance in the special displays. Awards Are $85, $75, $70, $60, $50, $40, with another $52 to be divided among entrants for the Best maintained displays. Tile arrangement must score at least 65 Points to be eligible for prize Money. Scoring Points Are Quality 45 Points arrangement 35, number of different kinds of vegetables 20. Special displays include an open Market Basket containing eight kinds of vegetables All a Good enough to Quality and condition count 60 percent variety 15 percent and arrange ment 25 percent. Premium books and entry forms May be obtained by writing the fair Board office in Des Moines using zip code 50319. Dates to remember july 17 meeting of the county 4-h Council at the Extension office at 7 30 . Planning the operation of the 4-h stand at the county fair. All members should be present. July 18 a meeting of county 4-h Camp committee at the Extension office at 9 . July 20 -23�? county Junior 4-1 Camp at the state camping Center near Madrid. Group will go by bus leaving the Extension office about 12 30. July 18 entry Blanks due in the county Extension office for the county fair. Includes All agriculture and related projects on which Premium Money is paid. Check Page 33 in county fair Book. All entry fees must accompany entry form. July 24 a grading and Selling advanced cattle feeding calves in Sioux City starting about 8 . July 26 a viewing of carcass in packing Plant cooler at i . This is the carcass from the animal selected from each group of the calves for evaluation. July 29 a county 4-h dress revue to be held in the farm Bureau meeting room beginning at 9 . July 30 county educational presentation Demena rations to be Beld in the Community Center ii Cherokee beginning at 9 . Teams to represent county at state fair and Clay county fair will be selected at this time. Card listing your demonstrators and title of educational presentation due in county office by july 21. July 30 a four a livestock entries due in county Extension office that plan to exhibit at state fair. Entries must be in Des Moines by aug. I. Aug 4 6 a county fair. All entries must be in on sunday aug. 3. Check your fair Book for details. Off to Camp Between 40 and 50 4-h members from Cherokee county leave sunday noon july 20, for a three Day Camp at the 4-h camping Center near Madrid. They will be go ing by bus and should arrive at the Center around 4 . Some activities they will participate in include conservation health swimming crafts water carnival and recreational training. These activities will be conducted by Camp personnel and county supervisory groups. Cherokee county group will be located in Elm v Village with a Central building for meals group recreation and general activities and Cabins for sleeping facilities. County supervisory personnel includes mrs. Bob de a son. Or. Ross Pinkerton Beverly and Ruth Rupp Julie Ann Ament and myself. The Camp will close with the noon meal on wednesday july 23, and should arrive Back in Cherokee around 4 30 to 5 pan. 4-h livestock to state fair Cherokee c county 4-h members planning to enter livestock in the 4-h division at the Iowa state fair must have their entries in the 4-h division at the Iowa state fair must have their entries in the c county Extension office by july 30. We must have them in the state fair office by aug. I. Information needed for entry includes for Market beef ear tag number official entry weight and Date of entry weight. This should be on an official weight slip. The Date must be prior to feb. 28. There is no minimum weight. Purebred beef Heifer name and registry number of animal and ear tag number and Date of birth. Market pigs must be narrowed on or after feb. 1, 1969, and weigh 180 pounds or More. Ail pigs must be earmarked As reported on entry form. Each exhibitor May show two Barrows in the individual classes one pen of three and one Market litter and May enter one Barrow in the dressed pork contest. Anyone desiring More information should Contact the county be tension office. A Jil by Shotts Binson a Chester a ;