Charleston Daily Mail (Newspaper) - July 17, 1947, Charleston, West Virginia
PAGE SIX THE CH'ARL'ESTON D'AIUY MAIL', THURSD'AY EVENING, JUL'Y 17, 1947 THE CHARLESTON DAILY MAIL PUBLISHED BY THE CHARLESTON MAIL ASSOCIATION WALTER E. CLARK, PRESIDENT CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA On Week-day Evenings Sunday Morning Mt- TELEPHONES: In calline the Call' Mall dial 23-141. a private change affording connection with all departments in the buildinc. at No. 1001 Virginia street. SUBSCRIPTION PRICES: Rates of subscription by carrier or by mall, with other publication data, are to be found on the Classified page. Entered at the Post Office of Charleston. W. Va., as mail matter. TOBUM TOR READERS: Letters to the Editor, for publication, on topics of general interest, signed by the writer with his name, are always cordially received. "Think for yourself, and let others tnjoy the privilege to do so too." THURSDAY, JULY 17, The Veto Again A LTHOUGH It is somewhat over- shadowed by the concern over the Marshall plan, the disturbances along the Greek border represent a crisis for the United Nations no less serious in the sphere of wnrld politics than the fate of the Marshall plan in the sphere of world economics. For what is happening here is not only a challenge to the sovereign- ty of the Greek government. It is also a challenge to the weak and still un- tested authority of the United Nations to deal, as it was intended to do, with inch disputes. To date it has dealt according to plan with the disturbances. Its special com- mittee of inquiry into the Balkans has reported on the basis of a prolonged In- vestigation on' the scene that Greece's neighbors were threatening her sov- erlgnty by aiding and encouraging the guerrilla warfare. The invasion by Alba- nians bears out the commission's report. To meet this threat, the commission has recommended a special United Nations commission to watch the Greek border and take steps to safeguard it. There is here a suggestion of the need for force, and the United States, which is try'ng to get the security council to act, clearly contemplates that the exer- cise of force in the name of the United Nations may be necessary. It is this which poses the supreme test, for if the Balkans commission is correct, the war- fare in Greece is clearly a case of armed aggression against a member of the United Nations; and it is up to the United Nations to end it. It is here, of course, that Russia ob- jects. Together with Poland, she dis- aented from the report of the fact-find- ing commission. She now opposes the motion of the United States calling for action by UN, arguing that the disturb- ance Is purely internal and should be left for Greece to handle as best she can. In this, by the judgment of the United Nations, she is wrong, both in fact and in principle; but whether these can pre- rail against the Russian veto is doubtful. If it Is used, it may easily mean the end of the United Nations and another brave hope for world peace. Boy Meets Girl IT IS not quite clear why the engage- ment of the Princess Elizabeth to Lieutenant Phillip Mountbatten should attract sympathetic and appreciative no- tice in the United States. Americans, al- though they have a marked taste in royalty, which leads them to elect "queens" for practically everything from the Junior-senior "prom" to the county poor farm, are supposed to frown demo- cratically upon these royalist trappings. If they are genuinely democratic, however, and always elect their "queens" subject to the laws of refer- endum and recall, they are also incur- ably romantic. No Hollywood producer aiming at a large audience, no author trying for the best-seller list would dare emit the scene where the boy meets girl. And one could count on the fingers of a maimed hand the instances in which, having met her, he does not also get her in spite of fire, flood and Boris Karloff. It Is this romantic, rather than roy- alist, element which probably explains the interest in the court circular. Prince meets princess, and it would be a hard man who claimed he didn't really care. Bungled Badly By David Lmcrence WASHINGTON Truman has lost tho bipartisan support he expected to have fnr the Mnrshnll plnn. There Is every Indication that a majority In congress, composed of both Republicans and Democrats, would not vote billions for Europe- just because the administration ssked for it. A repetition of the situation v.'Wch prevailed when the request for Greek-Turkish aid or about was made cannot he expected. The truth Is Mr. Truman has bungled badly his relations with congress, and the facts about the situation have been slow to come to the surface. Few members of congress like to say now what they would or would not vote for, but the Marshall plan has little chance of adoption at the present ijmo. This may be one reason why the White House announced there would be no'special session In tho autumn. The President prob- ably realizes that ha could u good a case for aid to Europe this year as he might next year. There may or may not be a relationship between Mr. Truman's veto policies and what has happened on Capitol Hill to. his foreign policy. But there is a noticeable coolness toward further authorizations of money and a tendency to require that ex- isting funds be made to carry further along, perhaps until well into next year before more funds are voted. The attitude ot the majority in congress seems to have developed into a "show me" position. The administration has not yet shown what the Marshall plan embraces. This Is presumed to be because the Eu- ropeans themselves have not outlined what they can do on their own. and what they really need. In any event, any idea that congress will vote vast sums for European aid is wholly mistaken. If the Europeans come up with a program that is convincing, members of both parties in congress will find them- selves compelled to help it along, but this will be because of the facts presented from Europe and not because of any confidence in the Truman administration's arguments. Secretary of State Marshall stands high in the esteem of members of both parties. He nevertheless represents the Truman ad- ministration, which, in the opinion of mnay senators and representatives, has been play- ing politics with the veto power and hence is likely to be treated on a political basis hereafter with respect to all requests for money. The tragedy of all this Is that In a po- litical campaign next year, Mr. Truman will be in the position of having a surplus which he will want to use in large part abroad while denying Ameri- can taxpayers any relief. He will not have the votes to use It for Europe. Demands for tax reduction will be renewed. The President's veto on the tax bill and the failure of the administration Demo- crats to stand up for the prerogatives of congress In the matter of fixing tax rates has all but wrecked the Marshall plan already. Stupid politics Is Inexcusable at a time when the world ie crying for economic slnewa to end the chaos of reconstruction and to bring stability. Can't Take It By Bill Cunningham The Irreverent and inimical trade organ of the entertainment business, specializing in gangland geechie and grease paint Greek, invariably refers to all radio commentators, whether their field be knocks at the Russ orp socks In the puss as "gabbers." Bill Corum, long-time sports columnist in New York, Is therefore a gabber. Col. Corum' is not, however, a blabber. That I can attest from personal knowledge, as I have been a friend of the gentleman's for years that run to a length that are no- body's business. That being the case, when he says that the Hon. A. B. Chandler, major league base- ball's headend caboose, blackballed him off the All-Star game broadcast, the charge stands as made, In this book, at least, un- less somebody cares to prove it otherwise. This year, his name wag duly sent up, says he, as one of the men who would help to see all and tell all. It was Just as prompt- ly sent down again and out, says he, by the commissioner's office. The commissioner's office officially reserves the right to say who shall and who shall not be privileged to ornament the ether with their descrip- tions and of course, so much per treatment. Bill In his New York column, has been steadily criticizing Chandler. Com- pared to the tender 'tributes paid the gen- tleman In this and other column, the Corum comments have been practically compli- mentary. But Bill has been arguing that the sentence laid on Leo Durocher was far too tough, and claiming that Durocher hai lost not only a year, but his whole career. He has made It plain that he doesn't condone some of the things Durocher did, but being a charitable man, he says he sees no point In denying even the worst of us the chance to make restitution. Being the kind of man who won't turn loose when he thinks he Is right, he has kept demanding some action out of the Chandler office. It is Corum who insists that Del Webb, a Yankee owner, was mixed up with the slain gangster, Bugsy It was, and is, Corum who has been de- manding that If Chandler means what he says about cleaning gambling out_of base- ball, he should investigate the Webb case, and officially certify that gentleman, one way or the other. Corum writes about photostatlc copies of some as I remember, for 000 bearing the signature of both the Yank part-owner and the still mysteriously late Mr. He says they were cahootlng in a glamorous gambling asylum called The Flamingo at Las Vegas, Nev., and that Durocher's deeds were peanuts compared to this growth. News Behind the News By Ray Tucker Quick! Another Shot of Embalming Fluid WASHINGTON. The most exciting and disturbing topic at the recent political powwows which Democratic bosses from a score of states have held.with President Truman and other party bigwigs has been the anti-Truman "sentiment" would be a more accurate James Roose- velt, California state chairman, seems to be nursing along the Pacific coast. The Truman-for-1948 men talked- of noth- ing except the Roosevelt and Wallace ma- neuvers as they appear to endanger unani- mous' renomination of Mr. Truman next June. For it is generally agreed that it would damage the President's chances of re-election if he had to stage even a rear- guard action to obtain approval of. his rec- ord by acclamation. The latest Roosevelt move to upset the Trumanites is his extraordinary call for a July 26-27 meeting of the state central committee at Los Angeles to consider the "statement of policy" which a committee of California Democrats framed at his re- quest. In Its references to foreign policy, the statement inclined toward the Wallace viewpoint that the President has been un- necessarily harsh toward Russia. If the forthcoming meeting approves tha original document, It will then be submit- ted to the state convention In September. And if that body should accept It, this anti- Truman document would be Just the weap- on Mr. Wallace wants, when it Is submitted to the Democratic national convention next year. It might enable him to collect enough ballots on the nominating call to tarnish a Truman triumph. .Although the Trumsn faction and In California 5s fighting the Roosevelt-Wal- lace group quietly, skilfully and vigorously, it will not open up biggest guna until after the July 26-27 meeting at Log Angelei. Tha Trumanites hope that Russia's 'sabotage of the Marshall plan and the Paris conference will bring Son James Into line with the administration. Conditions have changed considerably since the original "statement of policy" was written. Secretary Marshall shrewdly en- larged the original Truman doctrine of aid to Europe to Include the Soviet, thereby throwing both Stalin and Wallace 'on the defensive. The Kremlin has shown its teeth by de- liberately splitting Europe Into two blocs, forcing nations which wanted to attend the Paris restoration conference to refuse an Invitation. So, In the light of these happenings, Tru- manites hope young Mr.'Roosevelt and his Wallacian friends will see fit to rescind or modify their attacks on the President's foreign policy. If-they do, It will mean Mr. Wallace will have few political legs to stand on save his own, and they are not too sturdy. Meanwhile, the Truraan-Hannegan-Sulll- van-Pauley forces, together with their friends on Capitol Hill, are working quietly to undermine Son James in California. They have been writing letters, telephon- ing and wiring and bringing coastal Demo- crats to Washington in an attempt to line up a majority against any antl-admlnistra- tlon demonstration at Log Angeles this month, at the September state conference or at the 1948 convention. It's a matter of public record that this Corum campaign had been going on. Then came the. All-Star game, and no Mr. Corum. Being expunged by the commissioner cost him a tidy fee, one supposes, but likewise something that workers In this field of belles lettres of his age and standing value the the prestige, the na- tional platform. If Corum's charge Is correct, this is an official baseball position against freedom of the press, none less. Not even a president has gone that far, and Chandler's no pres- ident, despite some reported delusions In that particular direction. Regardless of that, It leaves the former solon, unless he can change it, dammed as the one thing the sports world won't pompous pout who can dish It, but can't take It. Milestones in Books By Jane Eads visitors to the rare book division of the library of congress want to see the Gutenberg bible, or they ask for the book bound in human skin, or the largest tome, or the smallest tome In the collection. Chief Frederick R. Goff, who says division Is doing a bigger business now than before the war, would rather talk about something else for a change. He takes you behind the the air-conditioned cells where some volumes, valued at at least are carefully piled on shelves. He pulls out a big heavy volume bound In white pigskin with brass bosses and clasps, and a lock and big chain. It was printed In Venice, September 10, 1488. Books were pretty rare In those days and some folks used to chain them down. Goff says this book and several others like It must be forerunners of the chain-bound telephone book found in hotel lobbies. Goff begins thumbing through a volume of heraldry printed in 1483, which contains the coats of arms of all the European nota- bles who attended the Council of Constance. He seems proudest of a book printed by William Caxton. He was a rich man who at the instance of Margaret of Burgundy set -up his own press In 1475 at Westminster. He had a hobby of translating many French romances into English and wag the first printer to concentrate upon publishing books In the vernacular. The library has 13 Caxton books of which 11 are from the Lesslng J. Rosenwald col- lection of rare books presented to the divi- sion in The rare book collection was started about 20 years ago, when bookg that couldn't be classified along with the general run were kept In the office of the librarian. The collection has increased five-fold since those days, but the books that have been added were selected "not becausa they were rare, unique, or curious so much as because they mark a milestone In man's intellectual development." It's Cheaper to Chop Up Pound Notes By Paul Gttllico the fate' which has overtaken the British smoker never catch up with us In our happy land. You, who are addicted to the filthy but delightful habit and who are accustomed to getting a deck'of 20 cigarettes for 16 or 18 cents, consider the plight of your limey brother who must shell out three and four pence for a pack of butts, which trans- lates to 68 cents in cash money. Cigars came to about two dol- lars a piece, and the best that can be said for the quality is that some of them are mildly Inflammable and will burn. If you are a pipe Is cheaper to shred a couple of pound notes and amoke those. Your correspondent, an addict of the vice In all Its blackest forms, sought to circumvent the labour government's current device for sweating shillings out of the work- Ing stiff which voted It Into office, by Importing sufficient American cigarettes and stogies to last him through this visit to Merrle Eng- land, but the boys were ready for him. and met him at the pier with the sandbag. The custom's officer was his usual charming setter-over here they slug you with a smile. A happy gleam came Into his eye as he cast it over the cartons of my favorite brand which I had piously declared. He said, "Did you see that new battleship lying at anchor as you came up Southampton "New battleship? Oh, sure. A fine one. What's It "Well, now, sir, that's Just what I was getting around to. They haven't given her a name yet. I thought maybe you'd like to name her yourself. You're just about to buy her for us." You think he was kidding? By the time I got through paying the duties on the cigarettes and cigars, I'd bought 'em a couple of destroy- ers as well. I can understand the economics of this all right, since the British need those American dollars for machinery and coal and raw ma- terials, etc., to bolster their export, but what really baffles mo Is what the English do with American tobacco when they get it over here? Did you ever taste a British ciga- rette? Great Jehosaphat! And like- wise phooey! It's like burning pure hay. The high price of butts cut down consumption okay, by about 25 per cent, but as usual It was the little fellow who got bus driver, the cabbie, tha grocer's clerk, the civil servant, and all the small fry who are Just barely mak- ing out with the family budget. It is a very slrango thing, this type of economics, but it never seems to fall, either on this side of the water, or on ours, but whenever the boys wind up with the old blackjack aimed at the noggins of the rich, there Is a swish, somebody ducks and there stands Joe Blow, the poor guy, with another lump on his skull. I have yet to come across a well- to-do Englishman who Is short of a smoke. On the contrary, he Is doing Just fine now, since he can buy them when ha wants to, whereas before they were In short supply. And the working stiff is being lured with advertisements to roll his own with a substitute tobacco consisting of chopped sweepings from the broom fac- tory, delicately blended with shreds of old Magna Charta, tinctured with scrapings of genuine Scotch haggis. Terse Saying We Intend to support those who are determined to govern them- selves In their own way, and who honor the right of others to" do likewise. Truman. Why Do Some People Excel in Art By Dr. George W. Crane CASE N-276: Constance D., 29, is "an art teacher in the public schools. "Dr. Crane, I am often sur- prised at the unusual art work of children she com- mented during our conversation at a parent-teachers meeting. "Even In the first and second grades of grammar school, we find not only skill with pencil and cray- on, but the youngsters have very rich Imaginations and create scenes on paper that are very Interest- ing. "Don't you think the human race has Improved In its artistic capacity since the caveman era? The drawings on the caves of the stone age are no better than our first-graders can make today. There has probably been no Im- provement In mental ability nor artistic talent since the caveman, but many other factors have helped increase our artistic skill. Let me cite our two older boys, as examples. They are talented artists. Here is how they devel- oped that skill. First, there was always a large supply of scratch paper for them to use, for I brought home my mimeographed examination papers from North- western. Since I had large classes, there had always been a large stack of such scratch paper In my office. And after I had graded the papers, I always let the children use the back of each page for their draw- Ings. I At the age of 5 or 6 years, they tried to reproduce cartoons from the daily paper. The next step was the oreatlon of original com- ics oJ their own. These were crude and distorted at first, but very beautiful In their eyes. From the movies they got the Idea of taking maybe 25 sheets of paper, clipping them together in book fashion, and making what they call a "movie." This consisted of a series of drawings, carried along from one page to the next, and always advancing the thought or plot to its conclusion. Why did my two boys excel their classmates In art work? It was not heredity, but chiefly the acci- dental fact that I had thousands of pages of scrap paper which they felt free to use from the time they could first push a pencil across the page. Tlie way to develop talent In any intelligent child is to furnish him materials, patterns, and praise for his efforts at reproducing those models. An intelligent child can be praised into proficiency in almost any respect. Give It the right sur- roundings, and thereafter a few compliments will keep it working till It Is so fnr above the average that we may even call It a gen- ius. write to Dr. Crane !n care 01 thbi newspaper, enclosing a long 3c itamped. addressed envelope and a dtme to cover cost of typing or printing when you send for ol nlj psycholoclcaj charts.) The Russians Understand It By George E. Sokolsky When the British were negotiat- ing their great loan. Bernard Ba- ruch, who has always been their friend, went to that country to tell them that It was an unwise and unnecessary step. At that time, Churchill was still In com- mand and in his presence, Baruch and John Maynard Keynes got into a row over the economics of the loan as well as over the gen- eral economics of Great Britain. On that occasion, Baruch strong- ly advised the British that the loan of. would not help them; that they would serve themselves more advantageously 1C they Increased their productivity by longer hours of work and or expenditure of energy. ThU ran counter to Keyne's socialism and the general trend towards na- tionalization. In due course, Churchill was eliminated, Keynes died, Britain went Socialist, flirted with anti- Americanism, got the loan, wasted most of It and Is now In an extreme- ly difficult position. Socialism cannot be made to work among a free people, which Is England's difficulty. Socialism can be mnde to work "in a police state much as Mussolini, Hitler and Stalin produced. A free peo- ple can refuse to work or can work only as much as they Aoosa, or as much as they thtalc worth while. Tho contradiction of political and social system and a soclallstlo economic system pro- duces unsolvable To thli must be added tha tert that Britain's prosperity U rtB based upon the prosperity anct well-being of the continent of Eu- rope. As long as German industry Is moribund, the prosperity of Eu- rope cannot be established. As long as Germany Is In political and eco- nomlc chaos, Britain does not a chance of well-being. Germany Is the economic heart of Europe nnd If the heart is sick, the of the body will not funtlon well. Our government dare not face this problem openly and candidly for obvious domestic political rea- sons. The war with Germany Is too recent. Too many Americans fear a reconstructed Germany. Too many assumed that such a Ger- many would only mean World War III, although in recent months many have come to recognize what has been true since 1920 that our eventual enemy must Soviet Russia. At any rate, the politicians are not willing In an election year to admit that the real purpose of all the maneuvering at Paris Is the reconstruction of Europe with Ger- many at the center. That Is what we are getting at. Even In the state department, there are those who still cling to the barbarous Mor- genthau plan and monstrous directives JCS 1067, but generally, those who are handling the prob- lem recognize that lastly erron wore made at Yalta and Potsdam that require rectification. Evsn they fear the big city vote, par- ticularly in race-conscious New York, to speak the truth. All thin the Russians understand. They use every means to this country Into a position of frank support of a reconstructed Germany. They recognize Brit- ain's embarrassment and dilemma and they are forcing the British Into frankness. Then the Russians will tell all the nations that suf- fered at the hands of the Nazi, that live within the shado-w of Nazi brutality, that they have been abandoned by the United States and Great Britain who are rebuilding Germany to crush them again. The American people are not ac- customed to playing at this sort of They do not understand its crooked rules. They will fall at It. The only road to success Is candor. Germany must be reconstructed economically If aid to Britain and Europe Is not to be an everlasting drain upon us. It takes courage for a politician to tell the truth but there have been courageous politicians. Side Glances By Galbraith Take My Word for It By Frank CoWy Courage Lift your hopes; keep your dreams un- spllled; These years give us the chance to build. The fields are burned and the roofs are down Far away In too many a town; Men are bitter and lost in these as well we must build (There were blacker ruins in Rome and Tyre But men stood steadfast and built them higher) We stand unbroken beyond their night, Hold to the landmarks; hold to light! Souls given honor; fields newly tilled! These years see us begin to build. Margaret Widdemer in tht N. Y, Harald As the World Wags In Fond Du Lac, Wis., an 82-year old couple seeking a marriage license were excused from the five-day waiting period. Zlon Lutheran church, Manheim, Pa., has paid Its annual rent with one red rose ever since Baron Stiegel, famed glass-maker, erected the church and set the rent 162 years ago. In New Delhi, India, two rioters were certified as dead by the doctor and coroner; their bodies sent to the morgue. Soon the bodies rose from the slabs and walked out, and two guards fainted. American Ambassador Lewis Douglas is the first non-British honorary member elected to City of London club. Honorary members are limited to three: Churchill and the Duke of Gloucester are the other READERS' CORNER Q. Recently I had occasion to use the word as walls covered with curvaceous nudes." I have Hot been able to find "curvaceous" In any dictionary. Hasn't the word been in common usage for G. McN. A. It has indeed. It is an adjec- tive meaning "voluptuously as a curvaceous woman. It Is pronounced: kor-VAY-shuss. I see no reason why the word should not be admitted as good usage. It is not only apt and con- venient, it also may be termed a "classic coinage from curve (Latin curvus) plus-aceous (Latin The suffix -aceous in regularly used to signify "pertaining to; like; of the .nature of." We find aceous in such words as' herbaceous, orchidaceous, crustaceous, etc. Baldwin, Kansas: Recently you wrote in orderoto also present Your use of a split'infinitive convinces me of your essential H. Answer: I readily admit both mortality and the infinitive split- ting. However, thaUsplitting an in- finitive is one ol the mortal sins is a superstition, nothing more. Here are a few comments from good authority. "The split Infini- tive has been widely objected to, but 11 sometimes Is desirable or necessary, especially to avert am- Webster's. "Prefer the split construction to an ambiguous or artificial substitu- Handbook of Com- position. "Others (other give this usage a qualified approval. It Is found in some good authors, and is becoming very Fernald's Grammar. Readers who do not understand what is meant by the term "split and others who are still of the opinion that the splitter is a low creature who should be de- prived" of the right to associate with decent folk, should send for my free SPLIT INFINITIVE pamphlet. A self-addressed envelope, sent to Frank Colby, in care of this paper, will bring one to you promptly. Meanwhile, here is a sentence which even the grammarians can- nol write without splitting the In- finitive: We hope to more than double our output, "No, young lady! I can't guess who this is, and my name1! not 'Dogface'I."