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Charleston Daily Mail (Newspaper) - January 15, 1935, Charleston, West Virginia PAGE SIXTUE CHARLESTON DAILY MAIL, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 15, 1935 As the World Wags Rats cause an annual damage of Subscriptions: Rate? of subscription and other data ar* to be found or the first Classific cace Telephones. Dial Caoitoi 22-14 —a private brand exchange connect inc with 24 indi vidual stations b the building. West Virginia the Beautiful State The business of printing and publishing this newspaper is conducted in harmony with the rules and regulations prescribed by the National Recovery Administration which are essential to the purpose of advanced wages, shortened hours oi labor and fair competition in trade commerce and industry. Europe’s oldest pharmacy from the thirteenth century. THE CHARLESTON DAILY MAIL stitute for natural ability, but he Walter E. Clark    beliT<? *ha‘ much could be ac‘ complished by instructing persons _____ _____ Wx.k-.lw rvenlng! .nd Sun... Morning with abmty jn ,he technique of j $6,000,000 in Chicago the theater. The achievements of his students suggest the value of his theory, for among them were Eugene O’Neill, Sidney Howard, S. N. Behrman, Edward Sheldon, Edward Knoblock, Robert Edmund Jones, Heywood Broun, Walter Pritchard Eaton and others who have become outstanding in the American theater. The profesor never wrote a play himself. He was not by profession an actor, a director, a stage designer or a producer. But his National Recovery Administration contributions took a form previously unknown to the theater—the teaching of the technique of play-writing through classroom discussion and laboratory practice. He accepted only students of some demonstrated ability, and even dates Under the Dome News Behind The News would reach around A Question On Insurance Concerns Asked by Beckley Reader To the Editor of the Daily Mail: Will you please give space in your valuable paper to ask the insurance commissioner. Mr. Harlan Justice, a question which was prompted ii., i    ,    „ - i by his report to you concerning the emit a more or less hearty imitation j defunct Missouri State Life Insurance company and published in your There WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. is all-absorbing gossip in Making and selling toy balloons is i the upper strata now about whether a $3,000,000 business in this country, j the supreme court is going to wreck  -I    the New Deal. The threads from only 40 silkworm | President Roosevelt managed to cocoons world. rn* Five hundred thousand full moons would be requited to equal the light of the sun. TUESDAY, JANUARY 13. 19?3 The Senate’s Younger Statesmen The “younger statesmen” of the West Virginia senate have come, finally and conclusively, into their own. Their leader in the dark days (for them) of the 1933 sessions, when most of their aims were de- The ice cream cone made its first appearance at the St. Louis exposition in 1904. if he had considered the possibility,    daled    January    In    view    of that the court might knock out his lhe disaster ,he above named com. When his stepfather insisted he take a Saturday night bath. Alonzo Phelps. 15, Laramie, Wyo., shot and killed him. Vice President Garner’s government allowance for his automobile was cut ,    .    .    .    >    from    $10,000    to $4,000 for next year. among them he taught many    includes    chaltffcur_hirc. one critic pointed out) that they had no business writing for the stage. The city council of Evanston, 111., mostly Republican, balanced the bild ar ’    n I ! and. proud of their success, voted The work of I rofessor Bcikcr *    ^    mnv    to    tho    whifp    Hoik was carried on first at Harvard, and then at Yale. One wonders if it will continue so effectively now that he has died. A Plot for Gilbert Gilbert and Sullivan no longer to send a copy to the White House. A passenger entering a “smoker” compartment in a Roumanian railroad train is fined 20 cents if caught without a lighted cigarette or pipe in his lips. A birth-control book, published in .    ..    .    ,    Washington, was refused admission to Teated b> a coalition en Republican    j Jive (for which the world is poor- ,    United    States    when    a    traveler and conservative Democratic sena*    er) or they would be at work to- | tried    to    bring    it    in    from a    foreign tors, sits in the president's seat this day, we feel, upon an opera for country, year. Two others who followed    which the plot has come readv- their lost causes in 1933 head the    made out of Yugoslavia. The plot, gold policy. That was the only answer he gave. However, the pointed questions asked by Chief Justice Hughes in the gold case hearings and the court decision against the Ickes oil control frightened all the New Deal lawyers out of their wits. They have been scurrying around for days to get a line on the court so they will know what to expect. Their private and unofficial report has undoubtedly reached Mr. Roosevelt’s ear by this time. It is to the pany, why does he permit companies to operate in our state when their own records indicate in no uncertain terms that they are insolvent? Only today an insurance man called on me and showed me the published reports on two companies with whom I was carrying a part of my insurance, one of them was incorporated in 1923 and had lost money each year up to and including 1933 and that no dividends had been paid the stockholders. The other had operated since 1929 at an average cost of $1.07 plus effect that the New Deal has nothing I and had borrowed large sums from to fear.    the    RFG. Now since we do not have access to records to show these conditions and since we elect and pay the salary of a man to safeguard the interests of the people, why are such companies allowed to operate taking the unsuspecting people’s money? —G. H. Curtis. Beckley, Jan. ll. Human Element judiciary and finance committees now. Another of their group is the president pro tem of the 1935 senate. These four—Senator Hodges, the president, Senators Pauli and Jones, chairmen of the judiciary and finance committees, and Senator Fleming, pro tem president— were the spearhead of the so-called liberal bloc in 1933. They fought for, and were defeated in, many indeed, is written in the bare and brief news dispatches from Skoplye j in that troubled land, announcing to the rest of the world that the time-honored custom of bride-stealing henceforth is against the law. The practice arose out of an un- A man charged with car theft in Chicago demanded examination with the “lie-detector” from Northwestern university, hoping to esfablish his innocence. The surface of Lake Geneva is not infrequently five or six feet higher on one side than the other, owing to marked variations of pressure. Go up to ten lawyers who heard the recent court arguments. Nine will tell you they believe the New Deal gold action was unconstitutional. They will add immediately that if they were members of the court today they would nevertheless uphold it.    * The fact is the main section of the constitution has not been put on paper. It is the rule of reason. Few judges anywhere will hold painfully to the letter of the law if it will cause injustice. Also few will be inclined to interpret the constitution meticulously if it means national financial disorder. Court procedure has roped judges off and given them a judicial mien, but they still read the newspapers and the election returns as well as law books. That is illustrated by a atmospheric ^    inside    story    of what happened at a dinner here some months back. A newsman happened to be sitting i , •» , •    f    •    „    —    __i.,i_ I The Goody-Goody club, composed next to a supreme court justice. Ile equal distribution of marriageable *    ]0 00() New york children, made I boldly inquired the opinion of the women. In southein Serbia there    West    an    honorary    member. The j justice nu the extent which the hu- has been a dearth of eligible fe- | club is “dedicated to elimination of males which has caused proles- j bad habits.” legislative objectives that were, or sional “bride snatchers,” white; D-Ar)agnan isTSTa fictitious, bm seemed to be, of first importance I slave traders and even parents to a reai character. A statue to this hero then. Today they may be in position to attain their ends. a sell eligible girls at such high prices may be found in his birthplace at little that the newly weds often faced Auch- n™' th<* chief town in the cle vis a responsibility which should many years of economic bondage.    Paltment    °*    Gers.__ give them pause. Their losing causes In Herzegovina, on the other hand,    Dobbin    continues to serve man even of 1933 may become their winning j men are scarce and available brides | after he has ceased to breathe. A W:s- j causes of 1935. What were merely too numerous, so marriageable girls their hopes, and some fairly hope- I often go at prices less than those less hopes at that, two years ago of a good goat or cow. The gov-may become tile laws of the state j eminent, therefore, worked out now. Their duty in the light of so plans for disposing of Herzego- man influence plays in court decisions in contra-distinction to legal influence. The response was that justice had never seen a jurist who was not a human being. Ile added that some, however, are more human than others. cornua ’actory uses horsehide to make saddles, not for horses, but for modern machinery—such as tractor seats. The closest court observer here be- j Questions Deceiving lievcs ,;le line.up is 4 to 4 on the gold clause constitutionality. if you go by the questions asked by the justices in open court. Under this line-up the final decision would rest with Justice Roberts, who is classified as non-committal. That may be correct, but the fact is that the well informed here arc betting IO to I that a majority of the court will hold wi'.h the New Deal. Three justices asked no questions, Erandeis, Cardoza and Roberts. Also Ten-year-old boys would br allowed to fly solo if A. J. Richardson, old- great an added responsibility clear- I vina’s surplus single women in    est British airman had his way. He ly is to sift the wheat from the Southern Sebria, where, owing to    j is 72. qualified for his pilot’s license chaff in that which they themselves | the excess of men, no girl over 16    on his s.xtv-fifth birthday. He says * hold, or once held, desirable. The : goos long unwooed or unwed. j they learn ne dei when young. mere    circumstance    that    some-    j    Thousands    of girls,    it seem, are Lawrence Saint, famed American thing    for which    they    fought    I    being either    sold    or    traded. The    j stained-glass artist, has been workbox the label of progressivism or    surplus would-be    bridegrooms in    islx ard a >’ears on windows jh.e    que.-.ions of Judice S.urn .sue for the Protestant Episcopal cathedral    not    revealing, liberalism docs not argue its per- j South Serbia are delighted to pay    Washington His studi0( at Bethayros!    *    The    truth    is    you    cannot    go    by    their fection. The duty which their new I $25 to $50 for brides from Her-    pa resembles a medieval workshop.    ' questions.    Anyone    acquainted    with powers have brought to them is to zegovina, instead of the normal j    --- ,    ji    *    n    „    •    .    ., • j * * • + ,ecnn s Someone recently bid for a million choose, and choose carefully, the , prices in their district of $500 to;ghares of General Electric special good from that which may not, : $2,500. For their part, the pros-    stork whieh is to be called at $11 upon more sober thought, have pective bridos ask only, to be as-    April 15. The bid was at the call price, been so good.    I    sured of shelter and enough food, j and the bidder will net $2.50 on every In Herzegovina food is scarce, while SI-112.50 invested—less than I per cent in South Serbia even the poorest:3 -ear'    _ do not go hungry.    Some of the oldest restaurants in A sidelight on the economic con-Iworld are the Bratwurstglocklein at Nuremberg where sausage has been Up Against It From the Kansas City Times If individuals considering criminal venture could walk through the big new department of justice building in Washington, and see for themselves what cards detective science has stacked against them, they might be warned off. some of them. Over 4,600,000 fingerprints are on file there, so arranged that expert clerks can match a set of prints sent in for inquiry if they are among the 4 million. The office of information I exchanges prints with 69 countries in I keeping its files. ' Nine thousand of the most notori-! ohs criminals in this country—bank I robbers, kidnapers and others—are [ further catalogued in a single fingerprint file, where each of their IO fingers is separately indexed for i ready reference. DI I linger thought he I changed his prints, but the experts identified them on 300 unchanged points. In another file are cards showing over 5 million names, nicknames and aliases. Nicknames have a way of sticking, in the underworld. Government detectives have 30,000 aliases and nicknames at their fingertips. Brass Monkey, Boxcar Casey, Boozehound, Bowlegged Joe may be traced, though they change their real names a dozen times. Another file shows typewriter .standards, enabling investigators to find out what make of machine was used in a typed note. A toy typewriter figured in one recent case, but the office had not overlooked toys when it made up its typewriter file. HOT OIL! Books and Things By Lewis Gannett Questions Answered By Frederic J. Haskin A ghastly glimpse into the historic I background and Asiatic psychology A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing the Charleston Daily Mail Information bureau, ,    .    .    Frederic J. Haskin, director. Washing- behind the recent Russian shootings is J ton D. C. Please enclose three <3> cents contained in P. M. Bykov’s “The Last Days of Tsar Nicholas” (International, for reply. Q.—How many golf courses and $1) and its preface bv Andrew Roth- I players are there in the United '    .    /ii- 1 States? S. E. T. ... stcin* Byhov was formcrly chairman | A.—There are about 4,000 golf clubs Handwriting and typewriting of j    -Sot    .et    of    Ekaterinburg,    where    j    and 5 800 courses in this country. The criminals are also on file in those the ex-czar was executed. Rothstein I number of people playing golf is esti- court practice knows that the justices frequently, if not usually, ask questions to develop the ultimate argument of the side which they are really against. Crisis In the Realm The calm of the British parliament most recently capitulated before a stirring controversy over Value of Bonds cv- the lsiderationsinvolvedin,heP''ocfs I eaten for 525 years; lhe Mitre hotel a: carpets for the House of Commons, is the fact that the trade in brides , oxford with a service of 500 years; which needs some new ones. The j has had the effect of “dumping” ; and the Cafe de la Regence in Paris, members, it seems, are quite as ac- j on the South Serbia market, with 200 years. complished as our own congress-j the result that the price of wives Wyant Hubbard" ex-I larva rd footmen in taking seriously both them- has fallen so rapidly that daugh- baller, spent four years in Africa, and selves and other matters of the ] ters, instead of representing poten- $25,000 vainly trying to cress buffalo utmost triviality, and they made ; tial wealth to their parents, often , and cattle. Be Ls glowing with health, t    ,    j    V    ,      i,    •    „    .    .    !    ,    v    j    land confident that the crossing of the carpet debate something but I prove to be a burden.    I    be done. It has been done in little short of a crisis in govern- If the Yugoslavian government \ united States. ment.    I    has worked out a method of ex- The difficulty arose in some changing young women between measure from the abundance of the two parts of the territory so carpet-weaving constitutuencies in I that the marital scales may be the realm. Far from standing upon brought into balance, they will de- the order of their going, they came serve all the congratulations one racing and chasing up to London to • may give them. We cannot help buttonhole their representatives in but feel, however, that the rnman- parliament and urge them to steer j tic advice of Gilbert and the pleas- the buying of the carpets in the ant songs of Sir Arthur Sullivan | can the So many people wanted to prosecute Bob Johnson that when he was arrested by tho sheriff of Barry county, Mo., he auctioned him off to the various hungering officers. Sheriff Rogers of Jasper county paid $60, won the prisoner. First housing project undertaken by a labor union and a government angencv is an apartment in Philadel- What has started eryone buzzing is implications in questions by Chief Justice Hugh.es that he might consider going off the gold j standard as legal but might not ac- I copt repudiation of private gold ; bonds. In other words. Mr. Boose- I celt may have had the right to change the money base, but no righvt to repudiate the promise made by ! corporations to pay their bondholders in gold. It is a neat distinction, but the boys are probably all steamed up about it for nothing. As a practical matter, the distinction can hardly be made. A $1,000 Baltimore and Ohio railroad bond, for instance, is still worth a $1,000 bill. The only actual change in its worth is in how much it will buy. Not necessarily in gold but in food and clothing. All the bondholder could reasonably expect is to be paid the very small difference in the purchasing power of his bond before and after ranks of green .steel filing cabinets. Each individual typewriter reveals its I identity by its mannerisms, no less j than the human hand does when it j signs a name. A file of stationery, showing 25.000 i water marks, is another ready reference aid that has trapped more than ; one criminal at government head- j quarters. The government’s crime laboratory I has equipment for reading invisible j writing between the lines of inno* I cent notes. It can even read writing j on a “second sheet,” where a pencil has pressed hard enough to leave in- j visible tracing. A machine projecting I parallel beams of light reflects the I shadows of this “invisible” writing. j There is .a trophy hall in the new offices of the government sleuths, j Dillinger's straw hat and the can that held the Urschel ransom money are j there -visible reminders that the department of justice is getting its men. j Out of the Rut From Coal Age Although bituminous coal output in 1934 was approximately only IO per cent ahead of 1933, the general position of the soft coal industry was materially improved. Thanks to code regulations under NRA, basic wage levels and actual earnings of labor have been substantially increased,- is. I believe, an official of the Sovk t i mated at over two and one-half mil- foreign office. Not the $1.69 for every $1 as the law- | elimination of destructive price com ,    ,,,,    •••> phia. The union is the American Fed- right direction. Each of them, nat- would have helped them in their erat;on 0f Hosiery Workers. The rent urally, wants to be directly under 1 efforts, the plum tree when it is shaken This was made plain the other day when one member after another will average $10 a month a room, including heat, light, refrigeration. 59 Attaches The state senate of 30 members curate predictions of weather eorrli- badgered the home secretary on    may    require    a    staff    of    59    clerical    lions,    even    years    in    advance,    are    pos- the question. “Will the honorable j and other    employees    to serve    it.    If    I *ibl,e’    according    to .studies    made ot    the .I    u •    j    -j    I    ,    ,    -    xx    t    .ii    daily    fluctuations in quantity of cn- gentleman bear in mind, said one,;    the    number of    attaches actually!    rgy    radiatod    5v    the    .un    and    result. “that the best carpets are produced    | js a    reduction of    75 employees un-    j ant    effect    on    the    earth’s    atmosphere. in Gloucestershire?”    Ider    the number    employed in 1929 At this point en annoying M. P.,    j and    a reduction,    also, of 37 under without the fear of God or the interest of carpetings in his heart, caught the Speaker’s eye, and being recognized proceeded to ask unanswerable questions about the occupation of the Saar, whether Mr. Gandhi was yet in his right mind, Hoarding Is Banned yers have contended. But even that does not hold because no one can prove that Mr. Roosevelt’s gold action was responsible entirely for the change in prices. Smithsonian institution believes ac The government will have the laugh on the court, anyway even if the decision goes against it. The gold Jaw may be held invalid but the anti-hoarding law will still stand. It is not involved in current cases. , tor’s right to park his car on his own j All the government will have to do the    number    upon the attache list Bent    lawn. Expecting night calls, he 1 in event of an adverse decision is to of 1933,    the present    senate may be I didn’t    want it    in a garage half-mile . pay off you bondholders in gold with for    accomplishing away,    couldn't    leave it on the street, I one hand and take tho gold away 1 so drove it    across the sidewalk, I from you with the other under the petition has had a marked effect upon the financial position of the industry and profits—long nonexistent in the records of hundreds of mines —have reappeared. i * *e eye - for - an - eye, tooth - for-a - tooth psychology has not ceased to exist in the world — not anywhere. Rothstein quotes J, C. Squire, Sir William Jowitt and other Englishmen who have somewhat simple-mindedly expressed their horror at the assassination of the “devoted . . . generous . . . affectionate” czar and czarina. They were shot, he says, “in order to crush the symbol of the old order and to warn off would-be aspirants to the throne. If the highest interests of the British empire justified Amritsar, the B’ack-and-Tans, the bombing of villages in Irak and WazirLstan, the drowning of women in Gambia (not to speak of intervention in Russia and in China I--and this is the claim of the ‘constitutional' English parties—a hundred more times did the interests of the workers’ and peasants’ revolution of November. 1917, justify the execution of the Romanoffs.” There is a horid logic in that plea. It is easy enough, with the documents in the Red archives at his disposal, for Mr. Rothstein to convict Nicholas by his own manuscripts. Some of Nicholas’s gory annotations on officials documents have become famous. Perhaps the most appalling is his comment on the report of a general commanding a punitive force in the Caucasus, that he had succeeded in suppressing the revolt without bloodshed. “That is no good! In such cases one must always shoot.” Nicholas lion and less than three million. They play, yearly, between ninety and one hundred million rounds of golf, using about 60.000.000 new golf balls. Q.—What are the principles Of Sun Yat-Sen, by which China is supposed to be guided? N. IL A.—They are: nationalism, democracy, ’economic modernization and well-being. Q.—What is an indeterminate sentence? B. F. A.—In criminal law, it is a sentence I which fixes the period or amount of j punishment only within certain limits, j I leaving the exact term or amount of I j punishment to be determined by the I j executive authorities, usually a board I ; of managers. The term is applied to ! I such sentences where the release be- j | fore service of the maximum period I is upon parole as well as where it is by absolute discharge. Q — Please give a biography of Joe Penner, the comedian. C. R. C. A.—Born at Nadgybeck Kereck, Hungary, Joseph Pinta, early became a comedian in vaudeville. Before entering vaudeville he had been a magazine salesman, choir boy, filing clerk, and property man. His success in vaudeville led to a radio engagement and recently he played in the picture. College Rhythm. Penner married control be extended until 1937, or un- j oral.” But, as the fates rolled their I Eleanor May Vogt, a former chorus With the industry asking that code I wrote. “One must always shoot, gen- Q.—What is a ceroon? H. F. A.—A seroon or ceroon is a package or bale of goods, such as fruit, wrapped in the hide of an animal. Police challenged a Washington doe th some permanent check on overexpansion is established, prospects for a continuation of favorable trends throughout 1935 are distinctly encouraging. The program for further modernization of mining properties courses, Nicholas himself was shot. Bykov’s story is a documented history of the czar’s last months—his unwilling abdication:    the care with which Kerensky preserved his pomp was i at Tsarkoye-Selo; the ineffectual plans through a hedge. Colonel M. L. Crimmins, U. S A. (retired) told a New York Red Cross class how to treat snake bite, warned congratulated an economy for the stale. Moreover if the selections are made with half an eye for the qualifications of the employees, the whether the rumored indisposition I senate probably will have no diffi- Jh'f m not lf) trust a venomous snake of Mr. De Valera was as serious as j cully in accomplishing the business because it was blindfolded as he sus- the government hoped. He seemed j of the session with a staff twice as : peels some of them have x ray vision serenely oblivious that a member ! great as its membership. As we re- j capable oL penetiatmg fain ic. from the linoleum-making coun- cau it, the second special session of Mrs. Wilbur Hitchcock testified in try was almost in fits lest he be 1933 got along with a much-re- White Plains. N. V, that for six prevented from setting forth the duced quota of attaches, and so far months she has slept in kennels with „ .    .    ,    x.    t,    j    ^    , ,    ,, I her 19 dogs to keep them quiet. Last claims of linoleum as the most dur-, as the naked eye could see there | ;fprjnz np,,,hb„r,    ir,junrtion dc. able of all floor coverings.    was no impairment of senatorial cf- } rounding the Hitchcocks get rid of all Meanwhile, the home secretary fjciency.    but a “reasonable number” of their 40 sat on the government bench, his j What will really diminish under I dogs. topper down over his eyes, his face a small, or comparatively small, at- a blank, uttering not a word, but tache list is senatorial profit from painfully conscious that when, j the dispensation of patronage. eventually, he had to make a deci- There may be also a slight impair- And the boy-bird cion, he would get more hard looks j men! of senatorial dignity, which    snows than thanks from his fellow mein-j soars in ratio to the abundance of j,Lnvo and "r!f-love in tho Spring) bcrs of the house. anti-hoarding edict. I he Boy-Bird s Muse December’s gone and Winter blows. weeping in the A Strange Service i ,    . ,    .    T- ii    I    Has lost    the world    and longs to sing. ; legislative servants,    f many a con- j j siderable body of prospective af-j    Ile fades    above the    snowing town i laches will suffer the    destruction of I    And trills a fa.ut and spluttered blast, their hopes. We feel that all three are unimportant to the welfare of the state. Profesor George Pierce Baker died last week, leaving a mark in the world that probably has no parallel. He taught men and women to write plays. Professor Baker did not profess to make playwrights. ^cognized that there was no sub- ^ Iciest is altogether too academie. I Then lays his whistle on the wind, I Blinks with cold, and pipes at last. I Small muse, his song, yet how she tries The gold issue    is immensely    in- To sing his    losses;    how she flies ...    xix    / I Beside him    singing    to the street, tcrestinf! at the    moment but    for [ T;|| sjngiM    m.lkfs    his )ostcs swcet! He ! many of us, unfortunately, the    in- j singing Lou Feller, Times. in the SOS S’ New York Confusing The legal Brain . . Trust has thumbed Decision through the oil decision and decided its initial inner alarm about that case was unjustified. At first some thought it might kill the NRA, AAA and even the lump sum relief appropriation which Mr. Roosevelt has now requested of congress. The New Deal legalilcs decided, however, that the court hedged the decision with m> many peculiarities of oil control that it means nothing else. Most non-partisan lawyers arc inclined to agree. The sum total of it seems to be that congress dirl not sufficiently limit the oil authority it j delegated to the President, but that is no reason to believe the NUA, AAA, ct al are not .sufficiently limited. Notes at Lawyers are re-j    /erring among them- Kandom >seJves to t h e arguments of Attorney General Cummings in the geld case as “political speeches.” This i rn plies no criticism of Cummings, but means he had no good legal ground and therefore had to argue from the standpoint of political necessity. • . . The biggest laugh in the case was when the government said it would tonic back and argue further if anything was not clear lo the court. , broadened in 1934 and many addi-1 to send him to England (the British tional projects are under consider-j government finally refused to receive lion. Some of the major develop- j him); the decision to send him and hts mcnts — notably improvement in j family into exile at Tobolsk: the dis-eleaning plants have been influ- | covery of monarchist plots to release enced strongly by the desire to meet I him; the transfer to Ekaterinburg, in the more exacting demands of buyers J the course of which a friendly officer and sent it an effort 5-day week has given additional mo- j to effect an escape, while the Bolshe-mentum to the modernization of un- viks telegraphed from station to sta-   ' ..... «    j    me course 01 which a lra-iu in a highly competitive market. The I kidnaped the entire tjmin a adoption of the 7-hour day and the I off on various sidelines in derground mining methods and equipment. “Remarkable Remarks” If you don’t think the present type of road transportation is old-fashioned, wait until you see what happens to it in the next few years.—William B. Stout, automotive and airplane engineer. It is impossible, with a team drawn from a student body of 450, to play great universities unless that team is built by extensive subsidization of athletes.—President, Ralph C. Hutchison of Washington and Jefferson college. You cannot have peace unless it is put behind a rule of life, a principle. —Sir Norman Angell, Nobel peace prize winner. O well, heads are not everything. — Mao West, contributing to comment on Dr. Karnosh’s claim that flatheaded men are the best lovers. The trend is toward more wholesome and less morbid literature.— Carl IL Milam, secretary, American j Library association. tion, trying to locate the missing imperial party; the eventual close imprisonment at Ekaterinburg; the hasty execution, without waiting for authorization from Moscow, when Ekaterinburg was threatened by hostile White armies; and the three years’ vain search by the Whites for the bodies of the imperial dead. One curious item is the list of the girl. Trails on Broadway With Paul Harrison NEW YORK.—Song-writir.g is an uncertain business, but exciting. A fellow may be just sitting in Lindy’s, munching a herring and meditating on the shallowness of fate, when— bang!—comes an idea for a song worth a lot of blue chips. Even the shabbiest inhabitants of Tin Pan Alley will tell you that novelists and playwrights are suckers. Work for months putting together thousands of words which may not add up to the price of cakes and coffee. Your swell composers, too, may pour their souls into symphonies and such that nobody can even remember the name of, much less whistle. No sir! A songwriter at least gets a quick turnover on his ideas, which are either terrible or terrific. A long time ago Theodore Metz, with the McIntyre and Heath Minstrels, was watching a fire when he heard somebody say, “There’ll be a hot time in the old town tonight!” Metz recognized a sure-fire title, and wrote the music in a couple of hours. W. C. Handy heard a Negro woman say: "Dat man got a heart lak a rock east in de sea ...” He walked on, turning over the words in his mind. Pretty soon they were part of the “St. Louis Blues.” Irving Berlin sat at a piano and with one finger plunked at a catchy phrase that had occurred to him— “C'mon an’ hear, c'mon an’ hear . . .” And “Alexander's Ragtime Band brought him $30,000. George Waiting arose one morning with a hangover, found the apartment empty, and wrote “My Wife’s Gone to the Country. Hurray, Hurray.” Irving Berlin made up a tune for the lyrics in half an hour, and the song was a hit. Also it nearly wrecked Whiting’s home, because his wife didn't enjoy being pointed out as the inspiration for the ditty. Women’s clubs and ministers reproached him for his destructive gibe at American home life. It was years later before Whiting was able to make amends of a sort Q.—What is name of the man in    . Texas who has compiled a dictionary I penning the lyrics of My Blue ‘ Heaven,” which glorifies domesticity. In 1894, Edward B. Marks, a traveling salesman for a notions concern, met a necktie salesman, Joseph W. Stern, and showed him some verses he had written. The title was “The Little Lost Child.” Stern said he would try to write some music for the verses, and he did. They sold more than a million copies and went into the song publishing business together. Stern retired years ago, and Marks no longer bothers much with the details of the Marks Music corporation. Mostly he sits around and tells stories like the ones I’ve been writing. of Shakespeare? K. G. A.—Anderson Baten of Dallas, Texas. has spent six years compiling his 1.500.000-word Complete Dictionary of Shakespeare which contains a definition and discussion of every word used by Shakespeare. Q.—What is the full name of Father Coughlin? C. T. A.—His name is Charles Edward Coughlin. Q.—Who invented the character, Peter Rabbit? F. B. A.—Harrison Cady, the artist, developed the character of Peter Rabbit. Laughter and jeers What Does It Matter? The motorist was just emerging from a cornfield by the roadside, bearing a dozen handsome roasting ears, party which accompanied the imperial j when he saw a man approaching. family to their Siberian exile. It included three friends, a doctor, a tutor, three valets, eight footmen, three cooks, one kitchen boy, one butler, three kitchen maids, one steward, I bree maids, two chambermaids, two nurses, two waiters, one writer, one hairdresser, one wardrobe keeper, one lady reader and one governess. When the Whites were searching the forest where the imperial family had been shot, and found some indication that they had located the spot. they heaped the place twenty-eight feet high with bodies of peasants shot in revenge. It is a horrible story, but one thai helps one to understand the gory events that even today sometimes creep into the news. Guiltily he reached for his pocket-book and as the man came up he asked in an embarrassed manner “How much?” “One dollar,” replied the other promptly. The motorist passed over the money and drove off. “Mighty fine corn that,” mused the stranger gazing over the field. “I wonder who it belongs to?*’—Ex-cv,ange. The Thinner the Better Untearable paper has been invented in Japan, but if you think treaties will be written on it you are a little silly. —Humorist. It Evens It Up Our laundry has just sent back some buttons with no shirt on them—Everybody’s. Marks had a hand in discovering. or encouraging, nearly all of today's elder songwriters. Irving Berlin was one. Jerome Kern worked for the firm three years, but wasn’t allowed to do anything but make out bills and invoices. Jimmy Walker, who recently has been doing a little prose, was another. Broadway remembers Walker for his “Will You Love Me in December as You Do in May?”, but Jimmy actually had IO songs published. He did the first mammy song—“Black Jim,” and the first Sally song—“In the Valley Where My Sally Said Goodbye.'* “I Like Your Way” and “After They Gather the Hay” were hits. “There’s Music in the Rustle of a Skirt” wasn’t so good. “Kiss Ail the Girls for Me” contained a prophetic line: “I brought a letter for the mayor of Broadway ...” Marks rejected quite a lot of other Walker lyrics, and is said to have driven the dapper young man into politics by telling him that most of his stuff was terrible and that he’d never make much of a songwriter. « ;