Page 1 of 13 Feb 1890 Issue of Centralia Chronicle in Centralia, Washington

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Centralia Chronicle (Newspaper) - February 13, 1890, Centralia, WashingtonVol. 1. Cbntra1ia, Lewis county Washington thursday Lehi Luarty 13, no. British free Trado is. Not broken though in some respects in the fullness of time British Energy had carried the wealth Tim the skill of the kingdom to the Point where no Competition could be feared. During the last thirty years of her protective system and especially during the last Twenty years from 1820 to 18-k to great Britain increased her material wealth beyond All precedent in the history of the world. Her development of steam Power gave to every British Workman the Power of Jiri Areus and the inventive Power of her mechanician increased tie amount the variety and the value of her fabrics beyond All anticipation. Every year of that period witnessed the addition of millions upon millions of Sterling to the Reserve capital of the kingdom every year witnessed a great addition to the effective machinery whose aggregate Power was already the wonder of the world. The Onward March of her manufacturing steady and rapid development of her merch Nutile Marine absorbed the matchless Enterprise and Energy of the kingdom. Finally with a vast capita accumulated with a Low rate of interest established and with a manufacturing Power unequalled the British merchants were ready to under bid All rivals in seeking for the Trade of the world. At that moment great Britain had reason to feel supremely Content. She found under her own lag on the shores of every Ocean a Host of consumer whom no Man might number. She had Canada. Australia and India with open ports and free markets for All her fabrics and More than nil these combined she found the United states suddenly and seriously lowering her Tariff and effectively abolishing Protection at lie very moment King and was declaring for free Trado. The Traelic of asked with apprehension and anxiety will this free Trado Tariff now develop and ii Giuin the but inks of the country As firmly and securely us it Len been developed and sustained by Protection the answer was made in the ensuing year by a widespread financial panic which involved the ruin of thousands including proportionately As Many in the Ponth is in the North leaving the country disordered and distressed in All the avenues of Trade. The disastrous results of this Tariff. Upon the permanent industries of the Conn Are described in president Buchanan s Well remembered message communicated to Congress after the panic with unsurpassed plenty in All the elements of National wealth our manufacturers have suspended our Public Enterprise retarded our private enterprises of different kinds Are abandoned and thou Sands of useful labourers Are thrown out of employment and reduced to this testimony us to tie result of a Freo Trade Tariff is All the More forcible from the fact that or. Buchanan As a of president Polk s Cabinet had consented to the abandonment of Protection which in his earlier career lie had earnestly supported. If these disasters of 1857, flowing from the free Trade Tariff could have been regarded As exceptional they might not have had in deadly a significance. But the american people had twice before passed through a similar experience. On the eve of the War of Congress guarded tie National strength by enacting a highly protective Tariff. By its own terms this Tariff must Ond with the War. When the new Tariff wifi to be formed a popular Erv arose Gaii if to War though the country Hud prospered under them despite the exhausting effect of the struggle with Ireat Britain. But the prayer the impending difficulties Woro two. One was the portentous movement which involved the possibility of dissolving the Union. The other was a demand for a free Trade Tariff be the Only measure that could appease the Southern Nullifier. Disunion and free Trade from that time became associated in the Public a Anrce of apprehension in the North a source of political Power in Tho South. Calhoun web the master spirit who had Given the original impulse both to disunion and free Trade. Each in turn strengthened the other the South and both perished together in the War of the rebellion. For a time satisfaction was Felt with the Tariff adjustment of 1833, because it was always regarded As at least a temporary reconciliation Between two sections of the Union. Before the sliding scale was ruinous by advanced there was i great stimulus to manufacturing and to Trade which finally assumed the form of speculation. The years 1834, 1835 and 1836 were distinguished for All Nanner of business Hazard and before the fourth year opened tie 30-percent, reduction f three years of 10 per cent each on the scale of duties was beginning to influence Trade unfavourably. The apprehension of evil soon became general Public Confidence was shaken the panic of is it ensued Ami business reversals were rapid general and devastating. The trouble increased through 1838, 183d and 1840, and the party in Power held responsible. For the financial disasters fell Pudei popular condemnation. Or. Vanburen was Defeated and tie elder general Harrison wag elevated to the presidency by an exceptionally Large majority of the electoral votes. There was no Relief to the people until the protective of 1s42 was enacted and then Iho Beneficent goods House. We Greswit tills week extracts from the argument of or. Ulitin Ein the logical Duel it Clivon the Foremost living american Ami the greatest englishman of his 1c. Gladstone to take this powerful historical statement from the current Issue of the North american the american protectionist let it not to discourse oui to urge is Broad of in hta views than the English free trader. No intelligent protectionist in the United slates pretends that every country would realize advantage from the adoption of the. Protective system. Human government is not a machine and even machines cannot be to perfectly adjusted As to work at All times Ami under All conditions with equal . Great Britain and the United states certainly resemble one another in More ways than either can be raid to resemble any other nation in the world. Yet when we compare the two on the question at Issue the i Florencea arc to marked that we almost lose sight of the resemblance. One is an insular monarchy with Clapp government the other a Continental Republic with popular government. One has n Large population to the i pure mile the other a email population to the Square mile. One was old in a Rich and Complex civilization before the establishment of the other was even foreseen. One Iliad become Tho wealthiest nation in the world while the Oiler was yet in the toils and doubts of a Frontier life and n primitive civilization. One had extensive manufacture.1- fur almost every Field of human need with the civilized world for it Market while the population of the other Way still forced to Divide its civic grief Between the hard calling of the pea and still harder calling of a rude and Eyanthy remunerative agncultun1. The physical differences Between the two countries arc far More striking than the political and social these Are indeed almost incalculable it real Britain is an Inland than ninety thousand Square Miles in extent. It lies in the far North. Its southernmost Poi tit in nearly thirty degrees of latitude above the tropic.--. Its northernmost Point or bul nine degrees below the Arctic Circle. Its area the Exchange of natural products is Ner a eerily limited. Its life depends upon its connection with other count Rice. Ii Prosperity depends upon its Commerce with the world. On the other hand a Fringle Nonte of Tho Union is the live real estate broker. If you have anything to buy or sell or. Northey is the Man to Bee. He has the Best advantages and makes his clients business in every sense his own. Information about Lewis county cheerfully furnished. Or. Northey is person ill familiar with All property in Tho extensive country tributary to Centralia and can furnish All who desire reliable and intelligent information in regard to lands titles could this condition of Trade have no estimate of the growth of England s wealth would be possible. Practically it would have had no limit. Could she have retained her control of the markets of the United slates As she held it for four years proceeding the outbreak of the civil War the american people would have grown commercially dependent upon her in a greater degree than is Canada or Australia to Day. But Kopland wits dealing with an intelligence equal to her own. The american people had by repeated were dropped from the Tariff of isl i. Tho business of the country was speedily prostrated. The people were soon reduced Loas Garcal Asiu that melancholy period Between the close of the revolutionary Vitur and Tho organization of the National government to colonel in Ntoni vivid description of Tho period of depression following Tho reduction of duties comprises in a few lines a whole chapter of the history of free Trade in the United slates in tin fur Prnjat Ray. No Suc Trio so of the ii nil Tiv i Irshal tin in extensive scale. Prosperity wide and general was at once restored. Tie reinstatement of the democratic Ivirty to Power two years later by. Tie election of or. Polk to the presidency followed by a perverse violation of Public pledge on the part of men in important places of administration led to the repeal of the protective act and the substitution of the Tariff of 184n, to which i have already adverted Ami whose effects upon the country i have briefly outlined. Measuring therefore from 1812, when a protective Tariff was enacted to give strength and stability to the government in the approaching War with great Britain to 1s01. When a protective Tariff was enacted to give strength and stability to the government in the impending i revolt of the Southern states we have i Fly years of suggestive experience in the history of the Republic. Zimring this j 1 ing period free Trade tariffs Woro i h followed by Industrial stagnation by financial embarrassment by distress j among nil classes dependent for subsistence upon their own labor. Thrice were 1 these burdens removed by Tho enact in out of a protective Tariff. Thrice the i protective Tariff promptly led to Industrial activity to financial Case to Prosperity among the people. And this Imp up condition lasted in each Case with 110 diminution of its Bench Sciont influence until illegitimate political write in Tho chronicle of the Mage of Centre and Lew Coity l. 11. Xor hey for information bargains Etc. L. H. Northey. Several other mates Are each quite Equa to it in area. The whole Union is Well nigh forty Timoc As Large. Alaska excepted Tho Northe Umof to of the Union it sixth with of tin South Ern of to Point of .1 Resit Britain the of the Union if Little More than a Hundred mile from Tho tropics. It natural porn duct Are More varied More Mimer us and of More valuable clan inter than of All europe1. To quote one of or. Phrases we constitute not i much a country in ourselves a world. Lie tells us that we carry on business of Domestic exchanges on a Malo Mich Mankind has never our foreign Commerce very Largo in is Only an one to Twenty five compared to j our internal Trade. An. Vet or. Ilad that tie of in Home manufactures were those in which England prospered in her commercial relations in the United state. And that Tho periods of depression had a single except inn easily explained followed the enactment by Congress i of tin of tin ii Montit sex f re i try. Who. Us i by of then luf thu i Lomini l. Relief Caine at last with the enact i lit of the protective Tariff of 1slm, in which Trio leading men both patriotically United for the common that act. Fiipplemente.1 by the j net of is is Broil lil genuine pros Poi ily to the i Minerv. Ore lit of passing i 10 two aes not duo a one a party alone. It was the work of the Groat men of both parties. Or. Clay and Lennil Jackson or. Webster and or. Yang even general William Henry and Richard m. Johnson. Silas i t and Mclane. Voted Lor one or the other of these acts und Cane. Oue of Jhc set Lrtil Ive experiments of that kind had its origin in the Urief to which 1 have pm t referred passed in is i a in apparent Harmony with England newly declared financial policy. At that moment n i Southern Imp. Und a Honghern see Relar of the i Gunbei t j. Walker wore far Intro. Inter sled in expanding the area of Shivo territory than in advancing Home manufactures and Mere especially eager Stone thinks that n policy which in essential to an Island in the Northern j Ocean Mould be adopted As the policy of j a nation which if even to his own Ion a world within with these fundamental Point of Dif 1 Fere Nee Between the two countries 1 is i me that varied financial and Industrial i he items wrought by the experience of j each would be the natural and logical result. Hence i do not join Issue with or. On both of his propositions Llo defend free Trade in great Britain lie a wails Protection in the United state. The proposition 1 neither deny nor Afi Irin. Were i to As mime that Protection in All count Riec and under All circuit Tances in the u is est policy i should be guilty of the Fame error that 1 think or. I Sulmone commits. It might be difficult to prove that Freo Trade in not Tho Wisest policy for lire at Britain. So far from girding herself against material imported from other countries her Industrial system would Wither and die if foreign products were withheld for even a Brief period. Sho in an Especial degree dependent upon the products of other moreover she does not feel bound commercial exchanges with Kun rope on the somewhat difficult basis of Cotton it High prices and returning at Low prices. Under Ordinary the free Trade Tarlit of 1s-w would have promptly fallen under popular Tion and been doomed to speedy repeal. But it a singular history and for a time was gone rally in even attaining in Many sections a certain do i Gree of popularity. Never did any other Tariff meet with so Many and so Grer. Aids of an adventitious character to sus Tain it As did the enactment of our War with Mexico began ans lathe operation 01 these is a great historic tribute to the site and value of Protection. Plenty and i Prosperity followed As if by magic the legislation to which they gave their support. We have a Simony that Ilio Soven years pre Ovling the enactment of the protective Tariff of 1s_m wore the Mot which Tho Young re i Inge in its Benoi life Hud of free Trade. A perfectly impartial Man Unow Orvold by the excitement which this question engenders in poem a discussion might safely be asked if j the half Oulu Rev experience with its . While at Chicago Arlington hotel i j. A. Hawley proprietor. Good Sample loom for travellers. Ivea Ding hotel of the City. Rates to per Day stages leave this House daily for Montesano and Gray s Harbor. One mock not of depot Washington. The Wisdom of Protection in the i United states. If Tho inductive method m reasoning May be . We certainly Havo h logical of local Trade in that Eity both with manufacturer and dealers was disappointing. Profits wore Small and failures in certain Branch of the factory Businow created the receipts of lumber at Chicago during the year were feet against feet Tho year before and foot in 1887. Throughout the Northwest rather Largo seeks of lumber Are in store. Tho son Thorn lumber ii Lustre in All departments made rapid Progress during s enactment proof Peiu the most prosperous and Happy. J sectional jealousy and partisan d uld not endure the great development of in the North and oust which followed the tivies Utilish nout of the i elective policy Tho Leader of the so Iii be "900 is not n year. A Milij. Kep Uvrl the following explanation will show you Why thy Lix Vilt not to counted Vining leap Tho year is Days. 5 hours and i l minutes Long 11 minutes Are taken every year to Nievo that Tho plates wore prospering at the expense of planting states. I Marr the Load of Calhoun South Carolina Robe lied and president had so strikingly shown his Faith in Tho policy of Protection was not no e to resist Tho excitement and resent Mont which Tho had created 1 in the Cotton slates. Llo stood hot Ween the year oils nays Long and every fourth year to Havo an extra Dav. This was Julius Cesar s arrange Mont. You May ask where do these 11 minute come from they come from Tho future and Are paid by omit Ling leap year every 100 years unit if leap your omitted regularly every 100 years in Tho course of years it a found th.1. Iho 11 minutes taken in Timber lands and enterprises tonne died there with. Southern yellow Pine is. Attracting More attention. In Tho upper Valley in average year Mot with. Tho Trado has Little to grow enthusiastic Over Puiul. On Tho other hand nothing to occasion Grout despondency. Prices have ruled Low. Or. Tho Pacific coast the Pine men done Well but the manufacturers of Rod woo a report poor returns of ii account of Over in Tho oaf Lorn cities has Boon Active As usual and Tho distribution lumber is satisfactory i. Ninberg has not sold As freely in the Saginaw Valley As the Mill owners wished but they done fairly Well eat is Al a Limilo loss than feet in 1sss. Some other Michigan Points report a larger out than Ever before. Preparations Uro making for the usual Winter Pom Tiona on Iho Ami its tributaries but Lam nicely that to borrow More than to pay Buck to the extent of Only one Dav in jul a enrol thu in , taking the lumber Trade is n Wholf the record 18s1i not so Good Nothe a year in Simon Richer i oven. Tie oui make steam laundry. Near hotel. New management. First class work special Dis Eyul on family work. Family clothes washed Rouglin dried when desired. To Oilra chill eco for and delivered to any part of tie City live a romans Scott

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