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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 25, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa -■even weeks to go , special interests ante record dough By Congressional Quarterly ASHINGTON — Special interest W million an campaign contributions and related political activities in the first eight months of this year, according to a study of reports filed with federal officials. A total of 526 groups representing business, labor, agriculture, doctors, educators and other interests reported expenditures of $15.3 million by Aug 31. About $2 million of this was simply transfers of cash between national groups and their state committees, however. In addition, the same political committees reported another $12 9 million in cash on hand ready for use before the November elections The reports, required by the federal election campaign at t of 1971. provide the first timely and comprehensive picture available during an election year of total campaign spending With seven weeks still to go in the 1974 campaigns, spending by special-mterest committees already are running about $2 million ahead of the previous record for an entire non-presidential election year. Similar groups reported spending $11 million on 1970 election campaigns, according to records then available. Part of the increase could be attributed to the tougher reporting requirements of the 1971 law which replaced the federal corrupt practices act of 1925, often described as more loophole than law. But a larger flow of eampaign dollars from some older groups and a proliferation of new committees also add'd to the record outpouring of funds. The biggest spenders by category as of Aug 31 were labor, $6 3 million; medical and health professionals, $3.9 million, and business, $2.2 million. These are gross figures, not adjusted for transfers. Actual labor spending, for instance, was closer to $5 million. Teachers, contributing through new political action committees, joined the top spenders for the first time, disbursing $662,833 and reporting another $740,-999 in cash available for the final weeks of the congressional campaigns Congressional Quarterly tabulated the figures with the assistance of the National Information Center on Political Finance in Washington, I) c The nonpartisan center is an election-year research facility of the Citizens’ Research Foundation of Princeton, N J.Dairy dinero The largest amounts are usually spent on campaigns in the final weeks before an election. By combining expenditures through Aug 31 with cash on hand, it is possible to calculate the total funds available as of that date to various groups for political spending in 1974 The special interest committee with the largest campaign treasury was C-TAPE, the political arm of the Associated Milk Producers Inc. CAMPI) of San Antonio, Texas, with $1,876,678 in expenditures and cash on hand Another dairy industry group, SPACK, operated by Dairymen, Inc., of Louisville, Ky rankl'd ninth with a total of $511,338 The American Medical Political Action Committee (AMPAC) of the American Medical Assn. (AMA) had the sc* ond largest campaign treasury, $1,759 715, and the political ann of the Marin Engineers’ Beneficial Assn. ranked third, with $1,254,650. National and local committees of the National Education Assn. (NEA) had a combined total of $1,094,849 in spending and available cash and ranked fourth. Stanley J. McFarland. NEA director of government relations, told Congressional Quarterly the organization would support about 160 candidates for the house and senate. “Our major push in the 94th congress will be for collective bargaining It's from Rockefeller ... He's offering us $ I 0,000 to stay away from him Opinion Page 2 Ideas Judgments Views Insights Comments for public employes and for general federal aid to education,” McFarland said The teacher group raised only modest sums for political purposes in 1972, but has emerged this year as a major source of campaign funds. Other education groups spent or had on hand an additional $328,963, as of Aug. 31. The other well-heeled special-interest groups have their legislative interests as well. Phil Porter, an AMPI official, has said his group is prepared to contribute up to $1 5 million to house and senate candidates if necessary to attempt to restrict imports of dairy products. Many of the recipients of AMPAC funds include congressional sponsors of Medicred.t. the AMA’ proposal for national hea’th insurance The M r.time Engineers’ Beneficial Assn. hi. (ban* neb'd its contributions m.nnty lo memlx'rs of eongriss who supported a hill requiring that a greater portion of oil imports be shipped in U, S. tankers manned by U. S. crews.Big spenders The top IO groups in combined contributions and cash on hand include; (I) ( -TAPE $1,876 678; (2) AMPAC, SI,-759,715; (3) The Retirees’ Group Fund of the Marine Engineers Beneficial Assn , AFL-CIO, $1,254,656; (4) NEA (through national and slate committees), $1,094.-849; (5) the AFL-CIO’s Committee on Political Education, $1,063 090, Also. (6) FAW V-CAP (International Union of Automobile Workers), $921,371; (7) LPL (Laborer’s International Union), $624,079; (8) United Steelworkers, PAF. $513,061; (9) SPACE, $511,338; and (IO) MNPL (National International Assn. of Machinists), $506,788. Among other groups raising substantial campaign treasuries in 1974 was the Real Estate Political Action Committee, a group representing the National Association of Realtors. The committee reported spending of $171,381 and $220,635 in cash on hand. William R. Magel, a spokesman for the committee, said its main interests were housing and the mortgage market. The dairy groups were not the only agricultural interests raising funds, though dairy money accounted for most of the total. Cattlemen, cotton, rice and soybean growers were all represented by political committees. Liberal and conservative groups were again prominent fund-raisers. The liberal National Committee for an Effective Congress reported spending $493,-216 The Conservative Vie tory Fund said it spent $121,697. Shakeup Inflation is changing people's lives. It is even altering old sayings and maxims. For example, taking it with you is no longer as important as making it last until you are ready to go. —Ashville. N C.. Cituen Compelling evidence muffled On marijuana: Style prevailsBy Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON — You may remember back in the 1950s when congress was getting ready to require the tobacco industry' to warn the public cf the health peril from cigaret smoking. Even then, some prominent “experts” persisted in pooh-ptwthing the medical evidence as misleading, inadequate and unproved That s what they are now saying altout marijuana — with equal neglect and disdain for scientific facts Dr. .Jan McDonald, then chairman of the Cancer Commission of the California Medical Assn , assured congress that there was no relationship between cigaret smoking and cancer — and then baldly tossed off his exjwrt assertion; “A pack of cigarets a day will keep lung cancer away.” And now, exactly this same kind of distortion and myth is teeing applies! to the mounting use of marijuana by young people from grade s< bool to college and by an increasing number of adults. Here in the nation s capital. Mayor Walter Washington’s Advisory Committee on Narcotics Addiction urged complete legalization of marijuana on the ground that “no demonstrable evidence is available to support the asser tion that marijuana use1 is hazardous or detrimental to the physical or mental health of the user ” Untrue. Recently the Illinois bar approved a resolution urging repeal of all laws bearing on use and possession of marijuana The reason given was that “majority medical opinion is that its use. is not harmful ” Untrue. Unquestionably many, including honest and usually knowledgeable people, believe that marijuana is a harmless joy and that expert opinion supports this view. There’s an explanation for that Books defending the use of marijuana and offering some medical evidence to support its use as not very dangerous were widely and favorably publicized iii prominent newspapers, including the New York Times, the Washington Post and others, while books providing later count cr-evidence (like “Marijuana — Deceptive Weed” bv Columbia university’s Dr Gabriel Hahas) are ignored. Authors defending marijuana are frequently invited to appear on the popular talk shows, those warning against it are unwelcome. Such one-sided publicity has fostered the almost universal impression that marijuana is a relatively innocuous drug and that it is so judged by scientists generally. Untrue at both points. The fact is that new and additional research is proving, as scientists testified before the latest hearings an the subject bv the senate committee on in tertial security under the chairmanship of Sen. James 0 Eastland (D Miss.) that marijuana is a “very dangerous drug.” Dr. Olav Braenden, director of the U. N Narcotics Laboratory in Geneva, stated that recent research points strongly to the conclusion that marijuana is “far more dangerous than had previously been believed ” Ile* submitted a sheaf of scientific articles in which 12 different scientists from five different countries advanced the same conclusion The testimony marshaled evidence to show that the steady use of marijuana may produce brain damage, fetal deformities. mental retardation and render its users vulnerable to serious disease. I am not arguing what the law should Ik1 on the posse sion of marijuana, only that it should reflect not the fiction but the reality of its danger to the mind. body and personality of its users. Lo* Angel** lime* Syndicate You are invited to attend ourHighlander Trunk Niowin COME IN AND MEET THE HIGHLANDER REPRESENTATIVE AND SEE THIS FABULOUS COLLECTION .. 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Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette