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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa & ®h* ^tltit ftnpitU (ftrt^-Ht Editorial Page Wednesday, October 23, 1974 Historical Society dilemma AFTER A DELAY of nearly four months, the newly-authorized Iowa state historical department is beginning to take shape. It will be recalled that the 1974 legislature acted to merge the old department of history and archives, the former historical preservation program and the former State Historical Society of Iowa into the new department. However, the new law. while quite clear in that six of the 12 members on the new department’s board of directors were to be named by the governor, was unclear on how the remaining six members were to be elected by the Society’s membership Those ambiguities apparently have been cleared up by the attorney general’s office. At any rate, the merger, which was to have been consummated last July I, is going forward Once it is completed, the new board will face some fundamental questions involving the status of the Society, which was not wholly dependent on state funds prior to the merger, and which is a corporation in its own right until 1992. One of the basic problems, according to the Society’s director, Peter Harstad, in an editorial in the current issue of that'organization’s monthly publication. The Palimpsest, “will be to differentiate the state agency known as the State Historical Society from the nonprofit corporation of the same name.’’ Harstad observed that the 1974 legislature “demonstrated no hostility to the corporation when it encouraged the Society (presumably the corporation) to elect officers and to conduct affairs ‘subject to the approval of the board .” “The nature of the Society has changed over the years, ’ Harstad continued. “When the Society was founded in 1857. it was neither an arm of state government nor a corporation. Pub-lie-spirited Iowans simply associated to collect historical materials. In addition to receiving facilities from the University of Iowa during the early years, the Society also received dues and gifts from its members and a small legislative appropriation. In 1867, the Society became a corporation, not for pecuniary purposes.’ This status expired in 1887. Incorporation procedures of 1892 and 1942 extended corporate existence until 1992. “Because of steadily increasing support from legislative appropriation in recent decades, the Society’s 1915 denial of state agency status and its exclusive posture as a ‘private eleemosynary corporation’ is no longer realistic nor is it acceptable to legislators. But it is unwise to terminate the corporation arid operate exclusively as a state agency. A corporation can administer the gifts and bequests entrusted to the Society, solicit additional support, identify and finance special projects, and provide continuity that transcends biennial budgets." While there are many legal questions to be resolved, Harstad believes that the best arrangement for continuation of the corporate body of the Society would be something similar to that existing between the state’s three universities and their supportive “foundations." This arrangement would be between the Society and the newly-established    depart ment. In these situations, the “foundations" or “corporations" “support indispensable programs but do not set policy," according to Harstad, who is convinced the Society corporation should continue in existence, “but it must be brought into harmony with recent legislation and current institutional needs." We agree the Society’s corporate body should be continued and in the manner outlined bv Director Harstad. We think Director Harstad has hit on a reasonable and logical solution to this dilemma — if legal questions can be resolved so that the corporation can be converted into the same kind of supportive body for the new department that the universities’ foundations have proved to be. It would keep the door open for private contributions and gifts that otherwise might not be legally acceptable by the new historical department because of its state agency status.Celebration INSTEAD OF engaging in festivities that center on a homecoming queen. Coe college's student body will spend its main efforts for 1974 on a fund-raising drive against multiple sclerosis. This is the second straight year that student leaders have spearheaded what amounts to a product iv e-service approach to homecoming. It says good things about the judgment, the values and the maturity of the young people involved The Coe Lettermen’s club, on its own, has decided to sponsor a homecoming queen selection at that level, reportedly to “keep up with the traditions of homecoming as the alums know it." That is the lettermen’s privilege, of course, if they deem it worth doing. But they ought to be a little more precise about whose choice it was: their own As far as most alumni are concerned — from almost any institution — experience would probably commend the serv ice enterprise in preference to the queens.Jury-trial fairness Blank minds: a mythBy Don Oakley It ha* to be done in the interest of justice, of course Keen so. there is something contradictory about the hours and days consumed at the beginning of the Watergate coverup trial in Washington in the endeavor to find 12 men and women, and alternates who retained an “open mind' about Watergate On the one hand. Americans are encouraged to learn what is going on in their communities and in their nation The large percentage of people who answer “don’t know” in every opinion poll is cited as a symptom of our lack of caring, our noninvolvement. or of the failure of the media and of leaders to inform the public. On the other hand, when they are called to serve on juries, people are supposed to have perfectly pristine minds, untainted by prior knowledge or opinion.Actually, anyone who still has .an “open mind” about Watergate — mean ing either that he has never heard of the scandal or :s totally unaware of the many damaging stories that have been published about those involved — would have Ut be so wanting in the mental department that his fitness as a juror would be suspect on that ground alone We seem to have gotten the idea in this country that a fair trial means that only people possessing the naivete of newly arrived Martians are qualified to sit on juries What a fair trial really means is that first, every defendant in a court of law is to be considered innocent until proven guilty and that he has certain basic rights — the right to hear the evidence against him, to confront his accusers, etc. — that must tx* protected. And second, that those who judge hun will honestly put aside whatever prejudices or preconceptions they may have and will make their decision solely on the basis of the evidence presented in court This does not call for blank minds Just fair ones Ne«SDCIP«r fc mer pf IV* Association Falsehoods muddle up the busing fightBy Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON — The racial violence iii Boston is bad enough without having it made worse by the distortions and epithets thrown by the extremists. The issue is not school integration The issue is forced busing to distant schools to achieve a particular racialmix One distortion is the repeated, vehement assertion that parents who oppose having their children taken out of neighborhood schools against their wish es are obviously, per se, racists. Not trueIronically . . . Remember the little black girl. Linda Brown, who was being forced to attend a segregated school in Topeka .’ It was her case (Brown vs. the Board of Education) on which the supreme court ruled unanimously in 1954 and this caused the wall of illegal school segregation to come tumbling down. Today Linda, a grown woman and mother, opposes compulsory school busing. She doesn’t want her child driven off to a distant school away from her neighborhood Linda Brown is not a racist. It is quite true that there are bitter-end opponents of school integration who oppose forced busing But this doesn’t make school integral mn wrong or forced busing right' LIM reported from Boston that in Hyde Bark high school four boys — two black and two white — “were stabbed with knives’’ and that injured children had to be “carried out of the school on stretchers.’’ And the next dav the headmaster of pwJtrs&ur r'w Jvfc* the Hyde Bark high school allowed himself to assert that those who object to forced busing are “haters” and that the children “have been taught to hate by their parents for 14 or 15 years.” What arrogance What cruel, thoughtless epithet tossed off without proof Has this “educator" ever read the supreme court decision of 1954 in Brown vs the Board of Education’’ Its central premise is that children should not be prevented by law from‘Where now, Judge?’ attending the school of their choice because of race or color The premise of that decision was not that children should be forced by school board <*diet or by court to attend schools not of their choice in order to bring about a mathematical racial balanceReversals There is ample evidence that a great majority of the American people do not want it that way. The supreme court’s latest decision on forced busing indicates that it does not want it that way. I have never condoned protest-by-violence There is no justification for the ugly incidents in Boston That is not the way to redress a wrong The way to do it is for the lower court decision in Massachusetts to be ap|K*aled to the supreme court as rapidly as possible. The overriding need today is better education for blacks and whites alike. Every dollar — and it mounts to millions — spent on forced busing ought to tie used to that end Los Angeles Times Syndicate Alcohol and nicotine still hotsy totsy Marijuana ‘danger’ report oozes hypocrisyBy Tom Tiede WASHINGTON — After two months and many thousands of tax dollars worth of hearings, the senate subcommittee on internal security has released a report on marijuana use that insults the public mentality and can only serve to further fog and confuse reasonable debate on this most complex, often wretched, social issue Admitting that the hearings were prejudicial, that only negative weed views were allowed expression. Subcommittee Chairman James Eastland (I)-Miss J nevertheless warned with positive assurance that society may be “taken over by a marijuana culture” which, lacking any higher moral guidance. searches only for self-gratification and the escape from reality. Hot-smoking “semi-zombies” walk the land, he added, coupling the poor devils with the communist conspiracy He concluded bv predicting “national disaster” if the gras* epidemic continues Eastland, of course, is entitled to his views on pot, just as for 32 years in congress he has been entitled to his views on school segregation and other dark-age propositions. Vet his report is a meaningless, perhaps dangerousTom Tiede fraud Lacking balance, depth, fairness and investigative honesty, the subcommittee summary merely reinforces subjective ignorance and in no way resembles the consensus of scientific and studied opinion concerning marijuana That consensus is that pot remains largely an unknown quantity, but much evidence so far judges it in a similar risk category with alcohol. Eastland, bv the way. has never been known to rail against the semi-zombies of booze But more than this. the Eastland report misses entirely the central point of the pot argument Since no one but fools claim that marijuana is harmless (all drugs are chancy, even aspirin), the question is not one of risk but hypocrisy. Is it right in a nation of seven million alcoholics and no known “potohol- ies” to forgive the former and can the latter0 Last year while several hundred thousand booze addicts were admitted to hospitals and counseling centers in America. 420.(MMI people were arrested and frequently jailed for pot use And jail for the grassers is often no overnight thing Several hundred people in Texas are serving two years to life for mere possession Even when judges, out of sympathy, do suspend pot sentences, the user for the suspension period loses his right to vote, to hold public office, to bt* a licensed doctor, dentist, certified public accountant, engineer, lawyer, architect. Realtor, schoolteacher. barber, funeral director or stockbroker. and he cannot work on government jobs Moreover, the pot user. this semi* zombie who may bt* a kid. a housewife. a cop. even a senator is, because of societal hypocrisy, often sentenced to public humiliation as well as jail Pen-ple with cigaret coughs and whisky noses talk with a queer but censuring kind of ethics of a neighbor caught growing backyard pot. A man in New Jersey recently, a fellow who’d been indulging in his own drug (beer), discovered his son with marijuana and became so angry that he loaded a shotgun and wounded the boy in the back Morality, then, is the genuine issue here, the right of people to risk their health has been settled in America by the continuing sale of cigarets, 105-proof vodka and over-the-counter sleeping pills. James Eastland could have contributed to the public good, possibly, had he addressed his hearings to reality rather than bias, yet his goal was deceit —■ deceit he believes, no doubt, but deceit nonetheless And so this deceit raises a question far above the importance of whether a five-leaf annual can bring America to its km*es: Can a 70-year-old senator be allowed to use his public office and privileged trust to foist one-sided truths and Hoary superstitions on a confused population0 If so. then we really may become a nation of semi zombies led by the nose bv whatever narrow virtues our elected officers w ish AsociDer f 'Drue As limits ‘Disappointment’ has its Mills re-electable despite shenanigansBy Rowland Evans and Robert Novak CONWAY, ARK. — Rep Wilbur I) Mills probably will win a I9th term in congress, but the jarring change in his treatment by the folks back home was mercilessly evident during his first full day of campaigning following the tidal basin gaucherie Mills was visibly shaken at Conway high school when students hooted and whistled at his brusque anders to probing questions When Mills ignored the tidal basin in addressing Conway's civic clubs, some business men grumbled he was taking too much for granted After strolling through the Wilbur I) Mills ( enter for Social Studies now under construction at his alma mater, Hendrix college, he was interrogated bv newsmen who wanted intimate details about his visits to the Silver Slipper striptease joint As the imperious chairman of the house ways and means committee, who has made Presidents tremble. Mills is WILBUR MILLS unaccustomed to such treatment Nevertheless, except for obvious displeasure with the high school students, he* disguised emotion and coolly discussed the economy in the authoritative, lucid style that has awed the house for two decades lnde*ed. he will answer no more questions about his personal life The overwhelming consensus is that this strategy will bring victory in the. first real challenge to Mills since his first-term primary election in 193H. if only because his Republican opponent. Judy Betty is a 31-year-old divorcee and neophyte candidate But the stunned disappointment among his constituents suggests Mills might be in deep trouble against a more formidable foe Mills problems at home started with his abortive campaign for President in 1972 This year's linkage of that campaign with shady milk lobby contributions shocked constituents Although Mills had privately predicted Mrs Betty would get no more than 15 percent, a recent poll gave her 40 percent Still Mills derlmed to campaign He sent back all contributions (including $.'9X1 from Henry Ford) When a latior official informed him that Steelworkers union members at the Alcoa chemical plant in Benton were dropping hun for arch-conservative Betty, Mills took no action to woo them bark Moreover waiting a week after the tidal basin incident before returning home permitted opposition to solidify His contrite opening spe*ech to the Little Rock Jaycees was effective But there is doubt whether he can now be silent utmut the inc ident any more than Thomas Eagleton, Edward Kennedy and Richard Nixon were able to halt exploration of their more serious difficulties The* most concise election appraisal was delivered by an aged lawyer encountered by Mills last week in the musty corridors of the Cleburne county courthouse in Heber Springs “Wilbur,” he croaked, “if it weren't this divorced Republican woman but some man in a Democratic primary , I don't know if you'd make* it Apart from her sex and marital status, Mrs. Betty seems i!l-equipj»ed to challenge Mr Taxation W hile* adv (H ating fiscal responsibility to fight inflation. she is proposing several tax-reducing measure's How much would her package lose in revenue*0 She wasn’t sure* but told us a re*porte*r for the Wall Street Journal estimate*d SU) billion Though an enthusiastic admire r and oratorical imitator of California's Gov Ronald Reagan, Mrs Betty courts liberal critics of Mills by attacking him as c hief architect of tax loopholes for sj>e-cia! interests — big oil. for example. Yet when we questionc*d her she advocated partial retention of the oil depletion allowance, backed natural gas deregulation and allowed as how she was inclined to decontrol all oil prices Mrs Betty, attractive arui articulate though she* is, cannot compare with Mills delivering jeremiads on the deteriorating economy and critically analyz mg President Ford s economic policy A cogent, frequently eloquent 35-mmute lecture on the economy at a YEW dinner in Heber Springs reminded listeners exactly what Mills intended — that the ir congressman is nile of the* giants of congress with immense* influence over the* economy “We* love and re*spe*ct this man, one* YEW mcmlxT told us “We* can forgive one* bad night, one mistake Thus, iii EVANS NOVAK his first hours back home last week. Mills tried to picture* the* gaudy affair at the tidal basin es an aberration, not the pattern of a secret swinger Suspicious Arkansans are* divided whether to accept this, but not all the* skeptics consider Mills’ private* life* as cause for ending his public career I fee*l ashamed and let down bv Mr Mills, a little* old saleslady in Little Rock told us But she* does not want a memorable career to end on so shabby a note* and will vote to send “Mr Mills” back to Washington to redeem his refutation She desperately hopes it will be* the old Wilbur Mills returning to full use of his intellect and legislative mastery at a time whe*ri the* need was never greater Putol'SSvr* Hrjii Syndico**Isn't it the truth? By Cot! Riblet, jr Any in w administration se Men learns that while the beak polite has only one* Veiler the* veiler elf discontent it has millions eel mouths to ferel We* can live without trac tors but not without cmek> Mon is a cooking animal — James Boswell lute i Ot cod Pre*. benin oft* ;