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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ®(tt Atdnt fhtptffaFord’s barnstorming: Big chance blown? Editorial Page Tuesday, October 15, 1974 For governor: FOR A man who was somewhat reluctant to run for governor in the first place, Robert Ray, at 46, has come a long way. In 128 years of statehood. Iowans have honored six governors with a third two-year term. Gov. Ray is about to become the second of those six to complete the third term. The late Governor Hammill was the first, in the late Twenties and early Thirties; Governors Kirkwood, Cummins and Hughes left for the U.S. senate before their third terms expired and Governor Beardsley lost his life in a traffic accident less than two months before the end of his third term. Governor Ray is also the first of the 37 men who have served as Iowa’s governor to seek a fourth term. If he wins on Nov. 5, he will become the fourth man to be elected to a four-year term in the state’s history. Iowa’s first constitution set the term of governor at four years and Iowa’s first three governors served four-year terms. The first constitution was junked after ll years. The second, and present, constitution shortened the term of governor «to two years. In 1972 the people ratified an amendment lengthening the two-year terms of governor and five other elected state officials to four years, beginning in 1975. Quite naturally the question arises: Is IO years too long for one individual to serve Iowa as its governor? Quite properly, it has been raised by Governor Ray’s Democratic opponent. State Senator James Schaben. It is a question that shouldn’t be answered on a blanket “yes” or “no” basis. Rather, the answer should be arrived at on a case by case basis, based largely on the character and the record of the individual involved. In that respect, some questions come to mind. They include these: Is the individual power-hungry or has he displayed power-hungry traits? Did he abuse or misuse the power and authority at his command during his first six years in the office? Does his record show that he has opted more for partisan interests than those of the state as a whole? If the answer to any of those questions is “yes,” then most certainly that individual’s bid for further tenure should be firmly rejected by the voters. If the answer to all of the questions is “no,” then certainly he is entitled to more time in office if his record has been outstanding on other counts. It is The Gazette’s opinion that, in Bob Ray’s case, the answer to each question is “no”. We believe he has displayed no power-hungry tendencies; that he has not abused or misused the power and authority available to him under Iowa’s “weak governor” system; that he has worked for the best interests of Iowa above those of his party (after all, in the long run, when the best interests of the state are served so, too, are those of the political parties). In his six-year administration, Bob Ray has proved to be a man with a rather mild exterior but with d good deal of inner-steel strength; one who fights determinedly for the things he believes will build a better Iowa; one who is willing to listen, and often seeks, other points of view but who makes his own decisions and, having made them, drives quietly but resolutely, toward his goals. He is not without his faults (Who among us is?). He has a tendency, at times, to be distressingly slow in making appointments on time, making it difficult for some state agencies, which need to be at full strength, to make decisions. But in the total picture, he has been a good governor who is genuinely interested in his state’s future and whose strengths far outweigh his weaknesses. For those reasons The Gazette endorses Bob Ray for an unprecedented fourth term in the thought he will carry on for Iowa in the future as he has in the past. Really big showman WHEN TV’s “Ed Sullivan Show” set a record for variety show longevity some years back, Comedian Milton Ber Ie dismissed rumors that Sullivan soon would retire: “Ed will be around as long as somebody else has talent.” On its face, the quip was a good-natured insult. In retrospect, though, it most aptly describes the impact Sullivan had on show business from 1948 when he launched “Toast of the Town” until his death last Sunday. By practically everyone’s reckoning, the columnist-turned-showman had no business being on the stage*. His starchy delivery style and his bent for the inappropriate (“Let’s hear it for the Lord’s Prayer.”) made him the least likely to score as a video personality. Yet for 2l/2 decades viewers were inexplicably drawn to The Great Stone Face. Not puzzling, however, was the appeal for the wares Sullivan presented. No one was more adept at assembling a show people would stay home to see. None boasted a better record of signing up stars when they were burning brightest. If Providence now allows Ed Sullivan a crack at more cosmic achievements, one can almost hear the ethereal intro.; “Ladies and gentlemen, for the first time . . . exclusively . . . really big .. . the aurora borealis ...” Bumpy ride for all By Don Oakley TIRK!) of being told of spring flood here, summer drought there and fall frost somewhere else having wiped out this or that crop and that the family food bill is going up, up up? Well, try this one on as a reason for increasing food prices: The deterioration of the nation’s rural roads and bridges. The price you pay for beans or beef or anything else has transportation costs cranked into it. If bad roads wear down a farmer’s or a hauler’s truck, or a dangerous bridge forces him to take an extensive detour, the cost of the repairs or the extra gasoline is figured into the selling price of what he carries. Multiply this by the tens of thousands across the country and inadequate roads can liave a real effect on your grocery bill, says The Road Information Program (TRIP), a highway-oriented research and information group based in Washington, D.C. The railroads have abandoned about 40,OOO miles of track since 1038, TRIP notes, and have proposed dropping another 7.000 miles, mostly in rural areas This increases the burden on existing mads for trucking food market. Already trucks handle about 75 percent of all food products. Yet the Federal Highway Administration considers more than a third of America’s rural roads — a total of 1.2 million miles — to be “intolerable” because of ruts, bumps, patches and potholes. Not only that, but about one out of every six of the conutry’s 580,000 bridges is dangerous, says Sen. Jennings Randolph (D-W. Va.), chairman of the Senate Public Works Commute*?. What’s the answer? According to TRIP, a concerted, sustained effort to repair and strenghten our country roads and bridges. The alternative is even higher food and road repair costs in the future. Newspaper Enterprise AssociationBy James Reston WASHINGTON - In the last few days, President Ford has been out campaigning in Vermont, Pennsylvania and Michigan, and in the next few days he will be back trying to drum up votes for the Republicans in Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, Indiana, North and South Carolina and Kentucky. This seems a little excessive for a President who has been in office only two months and needs the support of a Democratic congress to deal with the sagging economy. For the more he gets involved in the rough and tumble of the congressional and governor races, the more he is likely to weaken his position as a President who is trying to unite and heal the country. His party is obviously in trouble. The Democrats now hold 32 of the 50 governorships and may come out of the Nov. 5 election with three-fourths of the total, including both New York and California and nine out of the IO with the biggest electoral votes. This would greatly enhance their chances of organizing the big states for victory in the presidential election of 1978.James Reston Also, the outlook now is for the Democrats to pick up three or four seats to add to their present 58-42 margin in the senate, and a minimum of 20 seats to add to their present 248-187 margin in the house of representatives. So he has plenty to worry about. “A catastrophic defeat, as some forecasters are predicting,” he said in Detroit the other night, “could write the obituary of the G.O.P.” His major theme is “vote Republican and save the two-party system.” Maybe this argument will work, but it is not the two-party system the people are worried about; it is the economic system, and many of the leaders in the Republican party have been telling him that he can do more for his party by concentrating on mastering his job and fighting the inflation than he can by fighting the Democrats. Ford’s strength is that nobody’s mad at him. For the first time'since General Eisenhower left town, there are no bitter personal feelings about the man in the White House. Many people disagree with his economic policies, but after years of Vietnam and Watergate and vicious contention over Johnson and Nixon and to a lesser extent Kennedy, the atmosphere is not charged with personal or partisan hatred. This mood is not likely to last very long with the President flying around the country addressing partisan audiences that love the old party rows. And besides, the more he emphasizes his party’s interest the more he provokes cries of Watergate. Ford has done very well as long as he has concentrated on the larger issues. It is when he has seemed to be acting out of personal or partisan motives that he has gotten into trouble. His pardon of former President Nixon and his excessive financial rewards to his disgraced predecessor raised serious questions of favoritism, and put his judgment in doubt. His tardiness in weeding out many of Nixon’s aides and rewarding other members of the Nixon team with new appointments have also suggested that he had not abandoned the old party ways. And his campaigning for a solid month before the election is likely to erode his general support without changing the balance of power against him in the congress or the state houses. As a matter of fact, many Republicans who believe in him and appreciate his ability to raise funds by his appearances at these party rallies are nevertheless fearful that vigorous campaigning may emphasize national issues and revive memories of Washington most Republican candidates would like to forget. Some of them have even suggested that he stay out of their districts and let them fight thier local battles on their own. Besides, bleak as the outlook is for the Republicans in November, it is a typical party-rally exaggeration to imply that the Republicans are in danger of extinction or the two-party system is in jeopardy if the voters don’t follow Ford’s advice in November. There is not one Republican party in America or one Democratic party, but 50 Republican parties and 50 democratic parties, with different leaders and structures and opportunities in each state. The Republicans were supposed to be wiped out in the Coldwater massacre of 1964, but have been back in the White House most of the time ever since Nixon won the greatest victory in the history of American politics in 1972, and threw it away a year later. The one clear political lesson from Harry Truman to Gerald Ford is that the last election is no sure precedent for the next. In fact, while the Democrats are back on their old themes, running against Nixon and the recession, as they ran against Hoover and the depression for over a generation, they are a deeply divided party with no outstanding leader to carry them back to the White House. Ford’s great opportunity, assuming he runs in 1976, which is a big assumption, was not to lead the party charge, but to preside over a nation that was sick of personal and partisan strife and longing for peace and hard work on the long-neglected domestic issues of the nation. He was not elected by his party but confirmed by a Democratic majority in the congress. He had a chance to put together a non-partisan government of the best men and women available, none of whom could have refused his command of service after the Nixon resignation. This would have served the nation better than sticking to the old party routines, and in the end it would probably have been better politics for the Republicans as well. New York Time* Service No stomach for economizing Can congress cut back? ‘Can cows fly?’ to be rewritten, con- Will congress take effective action? off the other day on costly graiBy James J. Kilpatrick WASHINGTON - As part of its campaign against inflation, the White House last week devised a little postcard enlistment form to be sent to President Ford by every American who wants to enlist as “an inflation fighter and energy saver.” The gesture probably is harmless, and it may appeal to boxtop buffs who love to print along dotted lines. But the effort won’t amount to much unless Mr. Ford gets enlistment forms back from IOO senators and 435 members of the house. The president has gone about as far as he can go in providing executive leadership against inflation. This ugly baby is congress’ baby now. It is important to emphasize that point. For the past 40 years, our people have acquiesced in a gradual transfer of both image and power. The tendency has been to exalt the White House and to downgrade the congress. A pernicious notion is abroad that higher taxes will be "Ford’s taxes.” That is nonsense. If a 5 percent surcharge is adopted, congress will adopt it. If the law as to People's forum Why not city jobs? To the Editor: I would like to take issue with the gentleman (Forum. Oct. 4) who criticized farmers and small towners for working in Cedar Rapids. Has he ever stopped to think how many big business men own farms? The farm joining us on the west is owned by a business man from Colorado and the one on the south by a doctor from Phoenix. How many farms do Cedar Rapids business and professional men own? If the farmers, who need that extra money to keep the farm going, aren't supposed to work in town, he better get the business men to leave the farms for the farmers. A young man can’t make it financially today just farming, so if he had to choose it would have to be the town job Then who’s going to feed the people? Also, stop and think how many industries are dependent on farmers to operate — Quaker and National Oats, Wilson, Cargill, Penick and Ford, Vig-ortone and many more. , When* do town people camp on weekends? In county parks. Where do they hunt? On farmers’ ground. How often does a man s car catch fire? Correspond that with how often lls children attend school. A house doesn’t bring much tax revenue to the coffers compared with industries’ taxes. Yet the man from Springville sends his children to school there. How many more schools would Cedar Rapids have to build and how much more would it cost for 13 years’ education for all the children of all the “outsiders” who work in Cedar Rapids? Then, too, I’m sure if a man earns a check in Cedar Rapids he ll stop there and spend a lot of it. * I think it would be harder for Cedar Rapids to get along without farmers than for farmers to get along without capital gains is to be rewritten, congress will rewrite it. It is true, of course, that in many areas of government one looks to the Oval Office: The buck stops here. When it comes to halting inflation, we ought to look toward Capitol Hill instead: The buck stops there. Congress and congress alone has the power to raise taxes and to appropriate public funds. If the budget for fiscal ’75 is to be cut back to $300 billion, as Mr. Ford has urged, congress will have to cut it. A President can ask for certain measures; a President can beg, beseech and entreat; he can scold, exhort, praise and condemn: but when the roll is called up yonder, he can’t vote.James J. Kilpatrick Cedar Rapids. If all the jobs in Cedar Rapids were filled by Cedar Rapids people only, there wouldn’t be enough of a work force to fill all the jobs. Industries like to hire farmers. They are used to working hard and aren't afraid of doing more than the other fellow. In our paper one day recently, there were seven columns of “help wanted” ads. Maybe it’s like a young man I heard about who was getting welfare aid. He was offered a job but wouldn’t take it for less than $9 an hour. No. my husband doesn’t work in town. Mrs. Marvin Knapp Route 2, Central City Spent in C. R. To the Editor: I don’t know what payroll tax Mr. Stolba is referring to (Oct. 4 Forum), Will congress take effective action? Will fish fly and birds swim? The one prospect is as likely as the other. Individually, one could name a number of senators and representatives who preach economy and practice what they preach. Collectively, the two bodies are fat and happy spenders. The record of the past ten years is one appalling record of irresponsible outlays — of deficits that have pumped a hundred billion dollars of paper into our money supply. These weren’t “Johnson deficits” or “Nixon deficits.” These were deficits sanctioned by the United States congress. What has the congress done lately? Last month the senate rejected a sensible effort by President Ford to save $700 million by postponing a federal pay raise until the first of the year. The senate came within an eyelash of creating a new Agency for Consumer Advocacy that would have cost millions of dollars. Another proposal that commanded wide support was to pass a youth camp safety act, with a thousand bureaucrats to count tent pegs and test diving boards. Virginia's Sen. Harry F. Byrd teed but if ifs what I think it is — non-resident workers paying a tax on the wages they earn in Cedar Rapids, Mr. Stolba should be told w here to go . . . I have worked in Cedar Rapids for over a year now. I like my job and the people I serve (waitressing in a private club). And just to set the record straight, I earn every penny I make. Sure, the people of C.R. foot the bill. But in return they get good service, good food and a clean, comfortable place to relax and dine. W'ith three children still at home, we make frequent visits to three professionals in downtown C R. (a dentist, an orthodontist and an ophthalmologist) — what bundles we’ve dropped there. Each time I’ve had surgery it has taken place at St. Luke’s hospital. Then there was the time my daughter spent two months in that same hospital. She had three doctors that time, and two of them (both off the other day on costly grants approved by the National Science Foundation. Yale university got grants of $55,* 500 to study early phases of Hominid and Pongid evolution, $85,200 to study the prehistory of Taiwan, and $48,600 to study the influence of dyadic relationships on adherence to stressful decisions. Somewhere in my mountain of grist is a massive study commissioned by the Food and Drug Administration in 1972 of the safety performance of tricycles and minibikes. The study cost a small fortune. Among the profound observations was that children get longer legs as they grow older. This congress has no stomach for cutting budgets. It has no stomach for fairly increasing taxes either. What will happen — and about all that will happen — is that the Democrats who control congress will follow in the wobbly footsteps of the Oklahomans of my boyhood who voted dry as long as they could stagger to the polls. The Democrats will talk economy and vote spending, and when things are worse next spring, they will blqpie it all on Jerry Ford. Washington Star Syndicate specialists) live and practice in C R. We’ve had other medical expenses, too — just a few, but we must have paid for one of St. Luke’s new wings, by now. We eat out in (edar Rapids and attend its shows. We drive to Cedar Rapids to buy our clothes. When the washer gave out, followed by the kitchen stove, where did we go to get replacements? Cedar Rapids, of course (purchased new). Even our car came from C R. And the paint, and the wallpaper, the freezer full of meat. Why SHOULD I pay a tax on the wages I earn from my job in C R. just because* I don’t live there, when most of what I earn is spent right there in Cedar Rapids? A tax such as Mr. Stolba proposes would lie both very unfair and discrima-tory . .. Mrs. Francis Wagner Route I, Springville ‘Now we come to the offices of the house ways and means committee, headed by ;

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