Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Teach W. Liberty Chicanitos
By M. Joanne Breenger
WEST LIBERTY (AP)-A man in a serape directs pintsized traffic in a lunchroom where tacos are frequently on the school menu. The man has a special purpose—to help some of the little ones communicate.
Children’s names on a classroom blackboard include American traditionals like “Emily” written alongside “Conrado”.
Mingled with the usual corridor chatter is the soft sound of Spanish brought by the Chicanitos in West Liberty schools.
The Chicanitos are Spanishspeaking children of Mexican or Mexican American descent.
There were few here ten years ago. Now Mexican-Americans make up 12 to 15 percent of the town's 3,000 residents, according to one estimate. Most are permanent residents.
Speak No English
There are about 75 students in West Liberty schools this year who speak little or no English. AII but a dozen are in the lower elementary grades— kindergarten through grade three.
Through a new project at the University of Iowa college of education, Spanish-speaking student teachers—most of them Mexican Americans —have been put into classrooms at West Liberty, Davenport. Muscatine and Columbus Junction, communities with high Mexican populations.
The program, called the Teacher Corps, is designed to increase the number of certified bilingual teachers. There are 19 interns in the corps assigned to teams in the four communities.
Over a 15 month period, they observe in the classroom, attend regular college classes and will eventually enter practice teaching. They will graduate with degrees in elementary education with special certification as bilingual teachers.
Debbie Caldwell, who has been West Liberty’s bilingual teacher for two years and is a corps team leader, says the interns look forward to their rotation to West Liberty.
She said it is considered the most challenging of the four participating school districts because of its high proportion. of children who don’t speak English.
For four years, West Liberty’s bilingual teacher has been able only to work with small groups of Mexican-American children, for perhaps 30 minutes at a time, teaching them English as their second language. The remainder of the day was spent in regular classrooms, listening to their teachers and other students discuss lessons in English.
Under the new program, classes are conducted in English, but the intern is available to translate instructions for worksheets and occasionally read a story in Spanish.
Clark Calls for Plan To End Food Shortages
WASHINGTON - The American housewife will continue to find food costs high as long as there is widespread hunger around the globe. Sen. Dick Clark said recently in calling for establishment of a grain reserve.
“We will probably not be able to curtail the rising price of food in this country as long as there is a world food shortage,” the Iowa Democrat told Georgetown university undergraduates.
“Thus a necessary weapon in the fight against inflation is a viable plan to eliminate this shortage. This plan must include a grain reserve.”
Clark said he hopes that at next month’s world food conference in Rome the United States "will present a positive program to provide food aid to those countries who need it, to develop a program for increased worldwide food production and a proposal for an international grain reserve.
“However,” he said. "I am not very optimistic about this.”
Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz. our chief delegate to the conference, has given no indication we have any such plan forthcoming. Clark said.
“He has been too busy explaining why this year’s corn crop in the United States will be less than three-fourths of what he predicted a few months ago and explaining why everything will work out if the government will just go away and let free enterprise and supply and demand take care of the world food problem.”
The Iowan said he was “very encouraged” by President Ford’s declaration of support for an international grain reserve, but, he added, he is “continually discouraged” by But/’ opposition to any government-held reserves.
“We should act at once to establish a grain reserve, to ensure an adequate food supply and to prevent sharp fluctuations in fluid prices that have plagued us recently,” Clark said.
The chief objection, he said. to a grain reserve is the fear it will hurt farmers by keeping grain prices artificially
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“government-held supplies have been used to depress prices, but the current grain reserve proposals provide new protection for the farmer. They insure that grain can be sold from the reserve only when there is a shortage and only at a price that provides the farmer a profit.”
A grain reserve would make for greater price stability, he said, because the government would buy grain when the price is too low and sell from the reserve when the price is too high.
Clark, a member of the senate agriculture committee, will attend the conference as a congressional adviser.
The emphasis is on the lower elementary grades, Miss Caldwell said, because*It is important to build a foundation on which the children might continue their education. She said Chicano children in American schools often drop out early in high school, partly because of their lack of a working English vocabulary.
Kindergarten students are the most challenging to work with, Miss Caldwell said, because they have had no exposure to either English or school.
The youngsters tend to be very shy at this level, said school principal Lewis Morrison, and a prime function of a bilingual teacher is to help them build confidence.
The children’s self-esteem has risen markedly with the arrival this fall of the interns. Miss Caldwell said.
“You can just see their faces light up when they hear one of them (interns) speaking Spanish.”
Parents also respond to efforts made to help their children, Miss Caldwell added, noting the corps stresses community involvement.
The exchange of cultural awareness which the interns hope to foster in the community center has already begun at the school.
Tacos were added to the school lunch menu, Mexican Independence day was marked, as will be the Feast of the Virgin of Guadalupe. —
Financing Plan to Be Discussed by ISEA
DES MOINES (AP)— Tours, seminars, and an anticipated school financing proposal wait teachers who attend the 120th Iowa State Education Assn. (ISEA) convention Thursday and Friday here.
ISEA President Walter Galvin is expected Thursday night to outline the finance plan being readied for presentation to the next Iowa legislature.
U.S. senate candidates John Culver and David Stanley will debate on Friday morning. Gov. Robert Ray and National Education Assn. President Jim Harris are to speak the same morning.
ISEA officials number 30,-OOO educators among their members.
The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Tics., Od. Ii, 1074
Committee of 11 Seen For Iowa City Program
Jose Reynaga, an intern in the University of Iowa’s new Teacher Corps program, leafs through a book with Juan Quiros, 8, son of Mr. and Mrs. Juan Quiros, West Liberty. The boy is one of about 75 Spanish -speaking students in West Liberty schools who are being aided in their education by the interns. The program is also being used in Davenport, Muscatine and Columbus Junction. *
State Accused of Six
Motions in Fitz Murder Case
WATERLOO (UPI) - The attorney for accused murderer Russell Fitz Monday charged Black Hawk County Attorney David Dutton of “suppressing” six motions filed in the case as public records.
Robert Mahan, a Waterloo lawyer, accused Dutton of
ordering a court employe to “bury” six motions filed last week on behalf of Fitz who is accused of the slaying of Shelley Day, 2, last June.
Mahan said he and Fitz’s other court-appointed attorney filed six motions on the case last Thursday in the Black
RS VP Recognition Event At Garrison Oct. 24
GARRISON — A Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) recognition ceremony is scheduled for Oct. 24 at 2 p.m. i\The Old Creamery Theater in Garrison. The public is invited to attend.
The program will begin with a performance by The Old Creamery Theater Co., “The Mime Show”, an original collage of pantomime sketches. Following the show will be a recognition of RSVP volunteers and social hour.
The Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) is a part of ACTION, the agency for older American Volunteer Programs including VISTA, Peace Corps, SCORE and Foster Grandparents.
The local sponsor is the Four County Benevolent Non Profit Corp., Belle Plaine. The local director is Donna Ford, Belle Plaine.
Over 130 older adults enrolled in RSVP donate approximately 1,000 hours each month in volunteer service in the Benton, Iowa, Poweshiek and Tama counties.
Hawk county district court clerk’s office here.
Mahan added that when r Waterloo news media reported the motions being filed, he asked an employe of the clerk’s office why no reporters had seen the documents.
“She told me Dutton was upset with the motions and had told her to ’bury them’,” Mahan said. “I feel public records were suppressed by the county attorney.”
Dutton, who said he didn’t want to make public statements on the charges Mahan, replied he told employe in the clerk’s office to “hold the motion” for Judge Joseph Keefe of corah who was to hear arguments Monday.
Fitz, 27, accused of strangulation death of the Day child, is slated to go on trial Monday in Fort Dodge.
Judge Keefe Monday denied all but one of Mahan's motions which sought to have the case dismissed, the trial delayed until Nov. 18, and the names of additional prosecution witnesses made available to the defense.
IOWA CITY - The Iowa Cl-ty council took a major step Monday toward creation of a steering committee to gather citizen input on how the city should spend approximately $450,000 in federal funds.
The council decided the committee should consist of ll persons from low and middle income groups.
Nominations for the committee should be submitted to the city clerk before the council meeting Oct. 22. Mayor Edgar Czarnecki suggested a persons supporting a family on less than $10,000 a year would probably be considered qualified to serve on the committee.
The housing and community
Child Guidance Session in Sigourney
SIGOURNEY—V ikki Mo
ra in, estension specialist in human development at Iowa State univesity will conduct a session on child guidance Oct. 24 at 7:30 p.m. at the Keokuk county extension office in Sigourney. She will discuss readiness for school, sex education, and guidance or discipline.
All parents are invited to attend.
development act, under which the city will receive funds, defines low income as persons making less than 80 percent of the median income of their community.
To receive the $450,000, the council must file an application with the federal government by April 15. The city must have a municipal plan with low and middle income input approved by the Johnson county regional planning commission.
Johnson Eligibility For Aid Is Cited
DES MOINES - Johnson county is eligible for $3,901.67 in disaster assistance from the federal government in accordance with the federal-state disaster assistance agreement.
State Auditor Lloyd Smith, who announced the eligibility said the federal government requires the auditor to audit disbursements for disaster assistance and verify that the expenditures are within the approved work categories established by the Federal-State inspectors.
Funds are not distributed until the audition is satisfied all federal requirements have been met.
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