Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 2, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
g The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., Nov 2. 1974
Inflation Critics Take Aim At Government Police
By John ( unniff
NKW YORK (AP) - When inflation persists for years, as it has. almost every group eventually gets blamed by another — environmentalists, businessmen, consumers, union members, politicians.
The latest scapegoat is becoming the federal govern ment itself, and some of the officials dealing out the lashes are government officials.
Government always has been the object of criticism, of course, because of the tremendous impact of federal fiscal and monetary policy. Rut the current criticism is directed at the administration of government, its laws and regulations and red tai*'.
Agriculture Secretary But/ blamed the Interstate Commerce Commission this week for supporting policies that limit production. Lewis hang
man, head of the Federal Trade Commission, made a similar accusation several weeks ago.
One critic after another including some in government, maintain that the Occupational Health and Safety Act is forcing business to spend for nonproductive goals, although good worker health certainly is productive.
Any regulation that forces spending in areas that do not produce increases in output, it is argued by the critics of federal policies, forces prices higher. Social good sometimes occurs, they concede, but not always, they add.
(J. S. Relations
Sugar prices were rising-Butz suggested, because of a federal law requiring 50 percent of ll. S. sugar supply be obtained abroad, encouraging high prices by foreign producers and limiting the amount grown domestically.
Blitz didn’t say, however, what impact greater domestic production might have on U. S. relations with sugar-producing nations, especially poor nations that depend largely on one or a few crops.
The automotive companies have been especially critical of government policies. In Buffalo a few days ago, Thomas Murphy, who becomes General Motors chairman December I, said federal environmental goals were inflationary.
“In our national fervor to reach environmental and other
goals that approach the ideal and that might Im4 beyond the reach of our economy and our technology — at least at this time — we are contributing to inflation.’’ he said.
He added ‘We must not forget that the environment that is closest to us. and that most needs protection, is the environment of a good job. nutritious food on the table, and adequate housing and health care.’’
Donald Cook, chairman of American Electric Power Co., also has been outspoken on federal environmental policy. His company’s battle has been brought to the public in numerous advertisements one of which reads:
“Generate less energy. Sure. And generate galloping unemployment.”
The inflation problem and the energy shortage could be lessened, Cook suggests, by (I)
modifying the Clean Air Act so that more coal could In* burned and (2) releasing reserves of
sulphur coal in the West.
These are by no means the only business and government leaders that believe government policies lead to inflation, either by adding to the costs of doing business or by reducing the availability of goods.
Everyone knew the issues were there, but with inflation persisting long beyond even the most pessimistic views of three or four years ago, a sense of urgency seems now to demand they bt4 faced.
Toll Rises Among Alpine Tourists
Candy Postlewaite of Dallas holds Veterans Administration check made out and addressed to one Ronald Lee Vest. Without ever seeing a trace of military service, she considers herself a real veteran in dealing with the VA. She mailed the check back to the VA declaring she never knew the addressee and he never lived at the address. After mailing the check to seven different sources including the VA, the Treasury department, and the postmaster of the local post office, she still has the check. She s waiting for further instructions for disposal of the check.
MILAN, Italy (AP) - Amateur climbers are succumbing in ever greater numbers to the fascination of Europe’s Alps, and the death toll on those treacherous slopes is rising alarmingly More than 700 persons lost their lives last year in Alpine accidents — HOO in Austria, 150 rn Switzerland, 1H0 in Italy and another 120 in France.
And with winter months still to come, more than 350 climbers have died in the Alps already this year.
Alpine experts from all four nations say the primary causes
North Sea Oil Find Poses Problems
By Phil Newsom
UPI Foreign News Analyst
Smaller than the vast oil reserves of the Middle East, the new oil fields in the North sea nonetheless are expected to go far toward easing the Arab stranglehold on world energy supplies.
Britain’s oil fields, for example, stretch in an almost unbroken line from the coast off Scotland all the way around to the coast of Wales.
The British fields are expected by the late 1970s to supply HO percent of Britain’s oil needs as well as a major portion of the requirements of the rest of Western Europe
Norway, with three oil fields
already known and vast areas still to be explored, also is expected to bt* an important contributor.
The North sea oil boom, which was touched off by discovery of Norway’s Ekofisk field by the Phillips Petroleum Co. in 1965, has created new defense problems for NATO and for the two countries most directly involved, and technological, social and political problems as well, especially for Norway
Unlike Britain, whose economic difficulties dictate that she develop her new-found oil resources as quickly as possible, the Norwegians have
Activist in Russia Gets Off with Fine
MOSCOW (AP) - A trial that .Jewish dissidents billed as a Soviet bid to discourage emigration to Israel ended with the defendant found guilty of careless driving but fined only BM) rubles — $132.
Viktor Polsky said he considered the verdict unjust but he was happy. He had faced a maximum three-year prison sentence.
The Jewish activist said: “It means I am guilty according to the court, but the sentence was so small it was insignificant.”
Polsky, a physicist who has been denied permission to em*
V 1 j >■.).■■■ • ,
igrate to Israel, was charged after his car hit a girl, 19
She and her parents claimed she was hit while running across a road to make a phone call to a friend. The defense maintained that the girl, daughter of an official of the interior ministry, ran in front of the car in a suicide attempt.
ON THIS DATE in 1973.
Israeli Premier Gold Meir met with President Nixon rn Washington and was reassured of American support of her nation’s security.
put the brakes on development of their new fields deliberately out of fear that too-sudden riches would upset their economic balance.
A political problem arose for Norway out of a decision to pipe oil and natural gas from the Ekofisk field 200 miles off the Norwegian coast to Britain and West Germany. Trade unions objected they should be brought directly to Norway instead. The political wrangle faded away when it was demonstrated that a deep rift in the seabed made it impossible to build a pipeline from the oil field to the Norwegian coast.
An economic and social problem facing Norway, a nation of only about four million people, is the fear that the new oil industry will siphon off labor and thus damage other industries.
Another consideration arises in the far north around the city of Tromso.
Off this coast lie some of Norway’s richest fishing grounds.
Under these same waters are
believed to lie important oil deposits.
The fishing industry opposes oil exploration in the area not only for what it might do to marine life but also out of fear fishermen and others involved in the industry might be attracted away to better jobs.
The government has promised there will be no drilling there unless it can Im4 shown the fishing industry can continue undisturbed.
The government has acted to make sure it receives the major share of revenue developed by the oil finds. It retains a 50 percent ownership in all oil ventures, plus royalties and requires the private developer to absorb all exploration costs. Norway expects to be self-sufficient in oil this year.
With some $3 billion already invested in her offshore oil wells, a problem of security has arisen for Britain.
The expansion of the Soviet navy makes the oil installations especially vulnerable in time of war. Another problem is protection against terrorists.
of these accidents are inexperience, inability and simple negligence.
“The mountain is treacherous and you cannot challenge it without knowing its tricks — the sudden changes in weather that turn paradise into hell,” said a veteran French guide at Cour-mayeur, in the Mont Blanc massif.
He told of three French climbers who froze to death in a snowstorm on the Italian side of Mont Blanc. They had been
DeBakey, Russian Are Writing Book
HOUSTON (AP) - Heart Surgeon Michael DeBakey and Soviet Health Minister Boris Petrovsky are writing a book together
They made the announcement as DeBakey hosted Petrovsky, also a heart surgeon, at the Texas Medical (enter.
"Michael and I are engaged in all aspects of cooperation in the cardiovascular field . . . and we are writing a book together on emergency surgery of the heart and blood vessels,” Petrovsky told newsmen.
Petrovsky was on a U. S. tour to discuss collaborative activities under a U. S.-Soviet agreement to coordinate medical research.
DeBakey described his relationship with Petrovsky as “a very warm friendship going back more than 21) years.”
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A 5-year moratorium on proporty tax for improvements to homesteads. This will encourage proporty owners to improve their proporty.
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wearing shorts and tennis sillies, he said.
“Some accidents af course are inevitable,” said an official af tilt' Italian Alpine club. “But mast are caused by inexperience and a crazy underestimation af the mountain’s dangers.
“Highly experienced climbers who can climb without a guide are rare.” In* said. “Na other climbers should start out alane, even on the so-called ‘easy’ routes.”
Ta attack the accident rate, Alpine authorities are examining the possibility af mass information services warning tourists about the dangers of the mountains. Should this fail, they say they might be forced to ban inexperienced climbers from the more difficult Alpine routes.
The Italian Alpine club has more than 13tUMN> members, an increase of about 25.(WM) since 1970. But it says many of the members consider guides ex-pensive and therefore expendible.
Guides on the illest difficult routes charge up to $130 a day and $50 a day on the lower slopes.
“But life is worth this ex
pense,’’ said a French guide, “and any guide is cheaper than rescue operations ...”
The Italian Alpine spent more than $100,000 in 1973 helping members out of trouble It charges nonmembers up to $320 for tricky rescue operations involving helicopters.
To warn first-timers of the mountains’ chief dangers, Alpine clubs have organized special initiation courses for new climbers and cheap “package” tours under expert guides.
“Accidents will always happen on mountains,” a club official said. “We can only try to reduce them.”
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Today, for instance, a nun is in charge of the computer department at The Continental-lllmois National Bank & Trust Company, Chicago. Why'? Only because of her superior performance and educational background
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In summary, my life is dedicated to the service of people and their needs I want to serve you as Linn County Treasurer and I will — with your vote November 5
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