Page 2 of 3 Jun 1944 Issue of Cedar Rapids Gazette in Cedar-Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 3, 1944, Cedar Rapids, IowaIowa weather mostly Cloudy with Thunder showers tonight and showers sunday. Cooler tonight and sunday. Fresh to Strong winds. A to Muht City final 5 cents volume 62�?number 146. Cedar rapids Iowa saturday june 3, 1944. Associated press United press International news Rome a with nazis . Flyers Blaze shuttle route to with reds Eastern command u. S. Strategic air Force somewhere Iri Russia apr Strong formations of american flying fortresses and Mustang fighters escorts have landed at secretly prepared american bases in Russia after bombing romanian targets accomplishing West East bombing of hitlers a fortress for the first time and establishing joint offensive operations with the red air Force. The historic operation,1 completed Friday was disclosed to be the fruition of a Long Range Amer ican russian a r i t i s h a air plan through which the three Powers in intimate collaboration brought the most far flung portions of the nazi Domain under precision bombing. Started from Italy. All indications were that the shuttle bombing was launched from bases in Italy. The Mediterranean air command announced without details that its planes had participated but a detailed Story of the attack written by associated press correspondent Joseph Morton at Bari Italy was held up by the censors. A special communique issued by. The supreme Allied command in the saturday morning several a hours after full accounts had come from russian said that a a Force of Allied Stra a Togo bombers und a fighters attacked enemy targets in Romania a Friday and proceeded to russian it continued. A was is customary no further details can be Given on this operation except by the air. Commander in Russia. Complete details will be made available when publication will in no Way jeopardize the Success of combat a blistering Stuka dive bombing attack at 6 . Preceded the airborne assault on the Headquarters situated in a vast Grotto near Drvar 70 Miles North of split. Paratroopers and gliders followed quickly coordinating their attack with a powerful ground assault in which tanks led the Way. With bitter fighting raging Over a wide area and Vantage Points changing hands numerous times German transports and additional gliders poured in More men Field pieces and supplies throughout the afternoon night and following Day. Tito a partisans regained much ground the first night but on the second Day the enemy managed to push an armoured column into Drvar meanwhile taking the. Important Airport of Petrovay 14 Miles North and bombing Quot several partisan towns in the Vicinity. Official communique. The dramatic arrival of american bombers and fighters on russian soil presumably from Italy evoked this first communique from Scussa Eastern command a. S. Strategic air Force. A a Large Force of strategic bombers and fighters Friday attacked romanian targets selected by our russian ally and then continued to russian bases. Quot enemy opposition was slight. One bomber was lost and one 1 fighter is still outstanding. _ a the red air Force cooperated by attacking enemy Aird Romes on the route of the Allied strategic Force and providing area fighter late Friday night the Budapest radio went off the air a possibility that the second phase of the shuttle operation might be under Way rousing Welcome. The american flyers were greeted by beaming russian and american ground Crews As Well As an official welcoming group which included u. S. Ambassador w. Averell Harriman and maj gen. John , head of the american military Mission to. Russia v in an enthusiastic Celebration legion of Merit which the flyers had brought was presented to soviet it. Gen. Alexander. Perminova in charge of russian facilities for the americans., a. it was a Brief but Happy Cele bration before servicing the aircraft with fuel and ammunition for another Call on the Axis in route to their Home bases in England Italy and said Deane. A the american airmen unable to speak russian heartily greeted the russians As the soviet mechanics. Replied appropriately. They had worked for months with american ground Crews to get the bases ready. It. While the id a of the West East shuttle bombing was have originated with gen. H. H. Arnold commander of the a. S. Army air forces the project was first decided on at u. S. Secretary of state Hull s Moscow conference last fall and got under Quot Way last february after it had been discussed at the Teheran conferences of president Roosevelt. Marshall Stalin and1 prime minister Churchill. A a. A a night attack. A London apr in a new account of the historic shuttle raid to Russia the Moscow radio sat urday. Quoted an Izvestia correspondent As reporting that Amer ican heavy bombers attacked romanian targets at night. If. This account is Correct it is believed a to be the first major s continued on Page 2, col 3. Dramatic nazi attempt to capture Tito fails by Joseil Morton. Bari Italy May 29 delayed apr German paratroopers supported by glider borne infantry swarmed Down and captured the bosnian Headquarters of marshal Tito May 25 but failed to catch the wily yugoslav Leader partisan sources disclosed today. Field marshal Erwin Rommel whose whereabouts had been a mystery for weeks was said to have directed the attack personally. Tito escaped to the mountains along with major Randolph Churchill son of the British prime minister and virtually All Allied officers attached to Tito a staff. Two Allied correspondents Stoyan Pribichevich of time. Life and Fortune magazines John Talbot of Reuters and two photographers were captured in the nazi stroke but Pribichevich escaped later during a partisan attack on the nazis. Preceded by bomb attack. Allied planes Aid Tito. Planes of the u. S. Fifteenth air Force and the . Went to the Aid of Tito a men. Fortresses pounded the big German Supply operations Center at Bihac on May 26, liberators roared across the Adriatic twice and plastered troop concentrations at nine different Points. At the same time p-38�?Ts and spitfires beat up the area Thor of u g h 1 a attacking transports troops and airfields from which the paratroopers took off. One formation caught a troop train near pod ice and left it in flames with More than 100 nazis hanging from the windows and strewn along the tracks. Ground troops employed in the nazi Effort to trap Tito were estimated., unofficially Here at four divisions at striking from Bihac 40 Miles Northwest from banja Luka 48 Miles Northeast and Llano 50 Miles Southeast they sought to envelop the yugoslav High command and members of Allied continued on Page 2, col. 4. Daughter of Navy doctor is kidnapped Seattle apr in what police described As a a thwarted kidnapping a 5 year old Florence Marks naval doctor s daughter Early saturday was carried Down a 16-foot ladder from her bedroom window and abandoned huddled in a Blanket from her bed on a Doorstep 14 blocks away. Or. Robert f. Ballard Interne at the King county Arborview Hospital examined the child and reported she had not been harmed As had been feared by police capt. William Feek in charge of the Case. She was released to her father. Arthur l. Chaffee assistant chief of police said he believed the Abductor was a degenerate Alley prowler who became frightened1 and abandoned the than million Quot tax refunds made Quot Washington apr a the internal Revenue Bureau reported saturday it has made More than 1,000,000 refunds since March 15 on 1943 individual income tax returns but cautioned approximately 17,000,000 persons still entitled to refunds that it will take several months to get All checks into the mails. A a each refund Check the Bureau said will a be mailed As soon acc possible by a the regional disbursing office of the Treasury in the taxpayers own District. / 15 held by Fri. Baltimore apr the Federal Bureau of investigation arrested -14 men and one woman saturday accusing them of evading the draft or assisting inductees to feign mental ailments�?T., in order to obtain deferments maj. Randolph Churchil new Roundhouse is being built by Rock Island Cedar rapids news the Rock Island lines has begun construction of a 12-stall Roundhouse modern in All detail in Cedar rapids officials of the Road announced saturday. The Structure which will Cost in excess of $110,000, will be built adjacent to the present shop buildings thus consolidating All engine repair and servicing facilities in one Yard. The red Brick Roundhouse will have stalls 115 feet Long and will be provided with a turn table which will. Accommodate the Rock islands larger class locomotives such As the 5000-class and the new 5100-class. A the construction program also Calls for the remodelling of the machine shop building and the relocation of water Sand fuel and cinder handling facilities. A contract for the construction has been awarded the Stark building company of Cedar nazi sin Daylight legion commander to tour new Guinea with gen. Macnider somewhere in Australia apr Warren k. Atherton of Stockton calif., american legion commander conferred saturday with gen. Douglas Macarthur preparatory to visiting the Southwest Pacific War area. Atherton was accompanied by it. Col. Raymond j. Kelly Washington d. C., former legion commander. They were met by Brig. Gen. Hanford Macnider of Mason City la., another former National commander. Atherton will leave shortly for new Guinea where gen. Macnider who was wounded in the Buna Campaign will conduct him on an inspection group acts on wac rules Des Moines apr the new nationwide War manpower commission priority referral program was approved and endorsed Friday afternoon by the Iowa management labor committee George d. Haskell state wac director announced following the action. Haskell said he also had received word from Frank m. Rarig jr., of Minneapolis regional wac director that similar approval and endorsement of the program had been voted by the regional management labor committee. A both Rarig and Haskell declared the action of their respective committees was significant a was a recognition on the part of outstanding representatives of management and labor in this Region of the necessity and the voluntary acceptance of additional hiring controls a at this the Iowa committee recommended that similar action be taken by the 25 area management labor committees Iri Iowa and that All area employment stabilization immediately amended to include the new regulations. A a actually Freedom of Choice is provided for both employers and employees a Rarig said. A the employer is not limited to the hiring of All workers referred to him. He May select from among those referred to meet a his Quot production needs. Likewise. The a worker need not accept the a first Job offered him in a War important Industry. He will be exposed to All such jobs within his qualifications. A however a., a not be referred to a. Less essential or non essential Industry unless he is not needed for a vital Job in his area is unable to take a Job outside1 his area or unless there is undue hardship special emergency circumstances or other Good cause to prevent his. Accepting employment Iri an essential London apr a. S. Heavy bombers struck twice at nazi coastal fortifications in the de Calais and Boulogne areas of France saturday carrying on the non Stop Aerial assault of Europe now under intensified pressure after the shuttle raid to russian bases. Flying two missions from Britain for the second Day a Force of 250 flying fortresses and liberators with equally Strong escort hit coastal emplacements in the morning and similar fleets roared Back in the afternoon to the same area. These West Wall fortifications were hit Friday in their heaviest Daylight pounding of the War and 500 . Bombers attacked the West Wall defences and crumbling rail facilities Friday night. The Daylight attacks sent the air offensive into its sixteenth Day. Tons of explosives. Saturdays raiders hurled probably 1,500 tons of explosives on this Atlantic Wall Section for a total of about 4,500 tons smashing Down in the last 24 hours on this area closest to Britain. The night blows climaxed a Day which saw the Allied air forces expand their pincers Campaign against the continent to a three Way Aerial stranglehold from Britain the Mediterranean and Russia. Rounding off a Day which brought an epochal shuttle raid by american bombers to bases and bomber attacks on France from Britain by Daylight the . Night bomber Fleet dealt a Quick follow up drubbing to German defences along the Channel coast and again attacked the great trapped railway Yards on the outskirts of Paris. A site Force of . Mosquitoes attacked the chemical Center of Leve Kusen in Germany near Cologne a frequent target of recent attacks and other formations Laid mines in enemy Waters. Seventeen British planes were missing from the night operations arid at least seven German fighters were shot Down the air ministry announced. 1,700 sorties. Allied bombers based in Italy attacked objective sat Giurgiu a romanian City on the Danube River Friday night. Planes of the Mediterranean Allied air Force flew approximately 1,700 sorties Friday. A communique said five of these italian based planes were missing. Giurgiu is romanians most important River port for the shipment of Oil from the Plesti Fields. Exclusive of the night attacks a total of More than 5,000 Allied planes participated in the massive two Way assaults Friday dropping nearly 7,000 tons of from Grea Britain delayed Washington up a British and state department sources said saturday they believed the recent delay in receipt of letters in this country from great Britain probably was. A result of transportation problems and More strict pre invasion censorship of mail. Americans accustomed to receiving letters regularly have reported in some cases not receiving any for As Long As two weeks. Office of censorship officials said people Here would have to be patient and added that they thought americans would understand present raise fund to educate orphan London apr a fund of Al most $3,000, contributed by u. S. Airmen at a ninth air Force base will provide for the education of four year old Tony Everitt orphaned when his Mother died trying to save american flyers from a burning plane. A mrs. Betty Everitt dashed into the inferno when the plane crashed last saturday near her farm Home. She saved. One Man then continued her Rescue efforts until the bomber exploded new i War Bond a. It for armed forces a Washington apr the Treasury a decided saturday to create. A -. A Ugi Quot War Bonds costing $7.50. And paying off _atv$10�?for Sale Tomen of the armed 1 a Treasury officials said the new Bonds would be available Only to members of the army Navy marines coast guard and maritime prisoners dazed Adolf Hitler s Quot supermen Quot Are pictured Here after their surrender to the hard fighting men of the fifth army during the smashing Allied Advance toward Rome. There is very Little evidence of the Quot Superman Quot left in these wounded nazis. Yanks mopping up on Biak Isle advanced Allied head quarters new Guinea saturday apr american Jungle troopers Friday night fought to the top of a heavily wooded Ridge overlooking the Bosanek Lokmer Road to increase their pressure on the desperate japanese defenders of Biak gen Douglas Macarthur announced today. Enemy resistance atop the vital Heights was shattered by the Tough sixth army yanks who invaded the largest of the Schouten islands a week ago today. A we Are now mopping up a a Headquarters spokesman said of the americans struggle to throw out the japanese who have been holding up the Advance on the important Lokmer Ai drome since monday. The enemy had dug in prepared positions on the Ridge and streamed sniper fire Down on the yanks moving West along the Road. Storming of the Ridge was achieved near ibid and Mandom villages just off the main route Between Blasnek and Lokmer Ai drome which is Only 880 Miles from the Southern Philippines. The Sori do and bor Okoe airfields Are just beyond Lokmer. Possession of the Cliffs poses the americans for their main thrust for the three airfields. The japanese positions enabled them to threaten the yanks flanks and commanders ordered the Advance slowed until the enemy could be driven from the Heights which parallel the Road about 200 Yards manufacturing employee loses leg Cedar Kaldi new a Verne. Thompson 44, of 1381 first Avenue be suffered the loss of his left leg saturday i torning when he became entangled in a Side planer at the Iowa manufacturing company leg was almost completely severed above the knee and had to be amputated. According to company officials Thompson was changing the stroke on the machine when he slipped and fell into the planer. No one was working near him. A he was taken to st. Luke a Hospital where he was Given several blood transfusions. His condition is serious. Sheepherder admits slaying Quot of rancher fort Collins. Colo. Apr Cluj a de Matteson. Laramie. Wyo rancher and a retired Marine corps Captain died in a Hospital Here Friday night of a gunshot wound which a sheriff Gus i ande Sori of Greeley said a 26-year-old sheepherder admitted firing in a disc Pute Over wages. Sheriff anderson1�?Tquoted James Howard Baker the sheepherder As saying after his surrender a i did no to intend to kill Matteson a i Only wanted to Mark his a Baker in the county jail without charge pending action by the District a a Navy spends record sums Washington a a the Navy is spending More than $1,000 per minute to keep its planes in the air knocking Down enemy flyers bombing enemy bases and moving supplies and men about the world. This was disclosed saturday in a compilation of statistics by rear Admiral William Brent Young chief of the Bureau of supplies and accounts Quot we Are spending $1,500,000 a Day to keep Navy planes flying a he said. The Admiral reported that Navy fuel purchases for All purposes including aviation amount to nearly $2,000,000,000 a year. Young addressing employees of the Bureau which handles most purchases of naval supplies also reported that each week the Navy spends $11,500,000 for wearing apparel. Other statistics disclosed by the supplies and accounts chief food purchases increased 450 percent but a so controlled that Navy men boast of the Best food in the world without seriously disrupting the supplies for the general Navy freight costs $40,000,000 a month. Family allowances paid in the last two years total More than $500,000,000. Sales of War Bonds to naval personnel aggregate More than $500,000,000. Improved standards of office work in supplies and accounts Bureau saved Over $100,000 a year. Situation is brighter on labor front by tx1e associated press. Labor disputes which earlier this week had kept some 50,000 workers away from their jobs troubled 11 industries saturday but Only an estimated 11,000 employees were affected by the series of work stoppages. Most of the work a interruptions were in industries in the Southern and Eastern sections of the country and in most of the controversies less than 1,000 employees were Kepi Idle at any one Plant giving the labor front its brightest picture in several weeks. The biggest walkout was at the american steel and wire company a Worcester mass., Plant where about 3,600 workers remained Idle for the sixth Day in what Cio Union leaders said was an unauthorized strike. The walkout was reported caused because of a controversy Over company Union grievance procedure. There was no indication of a settlement of a dispute which resulted in work stoppage last thursday of 2,500 textile workers at Danville a. Spinners at the Riverside and Dan River Cotton Mills struck thursday in protest against employment of negroes and the Lack of yarn resulted in enforced idleness for More than 2,000 other workers. A two Day walkout at the Bethlehem steel company a Plant at Lackawanna n. Y., ended saturday with the return of 140 workers to their jobs. Other labor controversies halted or slowed production in an ordnance Plant at Carbondale 111. A say Reton Ala., Coal mine a Tampa fla., shipyard a Berwick pa., foundry and the Pullman Standard company at Birmingham Ala. A strike of about 850 workers in bakeries in Toledo and Cincin Nati continued making bread supplies scarce for the residents of the two Ohio cities. Bus service1 to several Florida Tennessee and Georgia cities was interrupted by a work stoppage of 25 mechanics and maintenance men in the Southeastern greyhound bus lines. The dispute officials said was Over a new York will spare it if undefended Allied Headquarters Naples of a Allied forces have Quot broken through enemy positions South of Rome in Many places a and now hold most of the Alban Hills dominating the approaches to Rome Headquarters announced saturday night. Allied Headquarters Naples apr fifth army troops have captured Rabico West of Valmon Tonc. Rabico is on the via Casimina one and three Quarter Miles Northwest of Valmon Tonc. Other fifth army forces seized Lan Uvion Southwest of Velletri and eighth army men reached Ana i. Allied Headquarters Naples apr the Allied command in Italy pledged every precaution to safeguard Rome in a statement saturday following Pope Pius plea that the City be spared but declared its Fate Lay in the hands of the germans that they would be ousted by Force if they defended the capital. A Berlin broadcast quoting a foreign office spokesman declared the italian capital is free of German armed forces. A on the German Side everything has been done for months to preserve Rome from such a Fate a it declared. A Rome today can be regarded As a City free from armed saturdays Allied pledge expressed Hope the enemy a will not make such an ill considered choices a to defend Rome. Pope Pius in his Appeal declared that a whoever would dare. Lift hand against Rome would be guilty of Promise lower readings Cedar rapids and Vicinity increasing cloudiness saturday night sunday thundershowers and cooler. Fresh to Strong winds. Cedar rapids news Iowa a pre Calendar summer which came in like a hot foot and tried to make it permanent apparently was in a relenting mood saturday As Cool breezes and thundershowers were predicted for the next 24 hours. In keeping with this new order the thermometer at the Hubbard ice and fuel company read Only 72 at 5 30 saturday morning although by 2 30 . The temperature had climbed to 88. High temperature Friday was 92 at 3 ., record for the Day in Cedar rapids and barely topped by Burlington with 94. At 7 . The Mercury stood at 86, which still was plenty warm but by Midnight it was Down to 78. Lowest in the state was 63 at Decorah last visits with siberians London apr speaking in russian to a native audience in the siberian town of Irkutsk vice president Wallace said that Quot it is becoming quite Clear that Only the Tull collaboration Between our two. Countries and1 their allies can insure to the world a stable peace and True development.�?�. The Moscow radio Quot reporting the speech Friday night said Wallace a route. To China was greeted warmly., a told his audience that development., of the american Northwest can a Alaska and soviet Siberia must play an important part in postwar construction. Arid Quot that the. United states and Canada must make a a decisive Effort in the task Quot of developing. Their Northern regions Quot As has been done by Russia.1a a-1 dispatch. From Moscow Quot said Wallace visited some of the great c e n t e r s in Siberia including Komsomolsk and Yakutsk inspected factories Quot and farms and talked to Quot Industrial. And. Agricultural leaders. He did some work himself in vegetable gardens. Wallace declared he -. Witnessed soviet a determination to produce the a 1partisans launch general offensive London up a marshal Tito announced saturday that a general pre invasion offensive had been launched against weakened German garrisons throughout Yugoslavia and partisan Headquarters reported the capture of an enemy stronghold at Pec in Slovenia 28 Miles North of the albanian Border. In a special supplement to the regular communique Tito said the German offensive launched 10 Days ago in Western Bosnia with airborne troops and massed formations of planes tanks and armoured divisions was a a dismal failure a although the partisans were forced to yield ground in some Leader s bag now 26 planes Allied air Force Headquarters Italy apr Squadron Leader Neville Duke became the top scoring Pilot in the Mediterranean area by destroying six enemy aircraft from May 13 to 21 to bring his total to 26,it was announced1 saturday. 1 his Squadron operating from the Beach head strip wiped out 16 enemy planes and damaged-10 in that period. Today s Index Marquis Childs to. 4 comics 7 courthouse. I. 2 deaths. 2 a David Lawrence. 4 Marion. 8 movies. 3 Drew Fearson. 4 radio. 6 sports. 6 state. 2 women a features it. 3 a the allies have Only taken and will Only take military action against Rome insofar As the germans use the City its railways and roads for their military purposes a Headquarters pledged. Defences not broken. At the same time Headquarters cautioned that although Velletri and Val Montone bastions of the Rome line have been captured the enemy a defensive positions in this sector have not yet been broken a that the German defences Are a in considerable depth and firm resistance is being the German High command reported bitter fighting in the Alban Hills Friday and said attacks at and West of Lanu Vio just West of Velletri were repelled an Allied spearhead thrusting above Val Montone was a brought to a standstill East of Rocco i papa and South of palestrina a five Miles North of Val Montone the germans said United states units which took Val Montone struck out in three directions a Northwest along the via Casimina toward Rome 20 Miles away Southeast along the same Road to link up with the French who Are driving the germans out of their last footholds on the South Side of the Sacco River and due North along an important secondary Road toward a vital Highway Junction at Cave three Miles from Val Montone. French close in. The French meantime closed in quickly from the South of Colie Ferro four and a half Miles Southeast. Of Val Montone and within pistol shot of both Highway 6 and the River. V farther to the Southeast other French troops closed the Retreat route from the area South of the Sacco River by slicing across a secondary Road at Surg Ola 14miles from Val Montone and five and one half Miles West of Ferentino which the eighth army already had taken. Gen. Alphonse Juiris French troops also were driving northward from the Village of Monteel Ancio 11 Miles Southeast of Val Montone. Monte Lanci was taken the night of june 1. 1 7 thus Iron claws were closing a. In on whatever German units were attempting to fight a rear. Guard action in the 13-mile Sec a Tor Between Colie Ferro and Fer Encino looping South of the Sacco., River.1 from this bag the four country roads sex. Tending northward along which. They could attempt to escape but a the Pursuit from three sides was certain to Cost them heavy Cas Salties As Well a As the loss of All Quot but their most highly Mobile vehicles. To. Quot i i 11. 20,000 prisoners 1, \ i.j-,7 the enemy lost 1,000, prisoners alone in a the last-24-, hours in repeated counter attacks. A this brought the total prisoners taken by the fifth army along in the. Current offensive., to a More than 14,000. A a ,.v< a the fifth and eighth armies to. Continued on Page 2, col. 0. 7i in a it it

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