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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Grimmest choice pending: Eat less so others won’t starve? By Jenkin Lloyd Jones TAM RII)IN(• through the lonj^ twrning A up the- beautiful Willamette valley in f)redfin on the Seattle-San Francisco train, and I ani thinking of Gov. Tom Met all s surprising statement that maybe Oregon has enough people and should yank in the welcome mat This has horrified Chambers of Com mer ce and city boosters Obviously, if Oregon were farmed as intensively as .Japan or Italy it could support more people — a lot more. maybe bv a factor of three or four Hut then, of course, it wouldn't be Oregon The flat land where rain falls or where you might irrigate would be a terrazzo floor of tiny farms, intensively hoed, fertilized by night soil and meticulously harvested There'd be little room for livestock except on the thin. dry grasslands east of the Sierras, ('.rain is a very inefficient food if you run it through cows. pigs and chickens first, so an Oregon that held all the people it could hold would be grain-eating country. V\ hat brings on these thoughts is an article on my knee in the evening Portland Journal, summarizing a speech in that city by Dr Garrett Hardin, population expert and professor at the I mversity of California at Santa Barbara. We must stop feeding the poor nations of the world for their good and ours, says Dr Hardin He holds that world population. now scheduled to double in 35 years. is out of control and efforts by the food-rich countries to feed already overcrowded lands would be like feeding a cancer. “Kindness" that intensifies crowding may not be kind Dr. Hardin asserts that before we started sending $3 billion worth of food to India in the alls and tills. India's population was growing 1.3 percent a year By 1970. in spite of massive efforts by the Indian government in favor of family planning, it was growing 2.5 percent. Food countries, he said. will not buckle down and solve their population problems as long as their begging bowls are filled, or even partly filled “We should not." he asserts, “establish an international food bank as proposed by Sen Kennedy and others All this will do is siphon food and wealth from rich countries to the poor nations and this wealth w ill be converted entirely into babies" Reward What we should do instead, he suggests. is offer food to such lands as soon as they achieve zero growth With willy-nilly handouts there would be little incentive to achieve this by the method that is both effective and bound to be unpopular — namely, required sterilization of parents after they have produced enough children to equal the rate of replacement Heal starvation, Dr Hardin says. would be a powerful argument, as it certainly would be So as I ride up thr Willamette valley in the gathering dusk with my belly full of the fruits of the ample dining car it is not hard to think of the abstraction, “let em starve. ” But if you've ever really looked at the bloated stomachs, the wasted arms, the wide eyes of starving children, you search yoni pockets and w ish you had a sack on your buck We are in this jam because man is an egotistical fool who has been telling himself that because he has a soul he is exempt from the laws of nature that govern all other animals. We forgot that we. too. have mouths and no bottomless store's of manna Once he learned the skills that have enabled him to push back death he* should have known that someday he1 weiuld have to limit life If a farmer would put too many c attle’ on too little acreage, the* SIM A would holler for the sheriff and have him thrown iii the1 pokey for cruelty to animals. Vet at the same time we1 have had holy men running around countries that are already overgrazed by human beings, preaching “Increase and multiply." Fvery five days the earth adds another million people. Deadly game The frightening fact is that even a food-rich country like’ ours is not far from the* point whe’re we* will rie>e‘d all that we eau produce for ourselves unless we are* willing to cut our living standards sharply. So it is the generation now in college that is going to have to make the grimmest decision Americans e’ve*r made. Will thew be’ willing to eat less meat and perhaps even cut the1 cere>al ration for their children so that Costa Blea which will have twice as many people in years freon iieew, can play the deadly game a little’ longer'’ At what point do the biblical admonitions iii l.evor eel sharing simply basten the* day when all men will to* at each other s throats in the struggle for food * Pessimistic forecasts needn't overwhelm us' By Norman Cousins W /HAT DOES the t oited Nations need in order tee survive? The recurring crises in the Middle Fast. punctuated today by the Turkish-(ireek eonfrontatiem over Cyprus, call for a fresh look at the United Nations. In any attempt to restructure the United Nations, it may be useful to think of the world problems for which there is now no adequate response. One problem is world security, of which the arms. race is only one feature. Another problem is fast-dev eloping food shortages, with the grim prospect of mass famine within two years Still another problem is the international predatory race for the wealth of resources that now lie on the ocean floor. Yet another is the use of outer space as a nuclear shooting gallery, with all the world’s cities as targets And. of course, the problem represented by the poisoning of the world's atmosphere and oceans. These problems are difficult but they are not insoluble It is quite possible that the United Nations can be built up iii terms of its authority needed to meet these individual problems. Begin with the problem of imminent mass famine as an example of what might be done. Norman Cousins The present World Food Organization should be upgraded to the status of a World Food Authority as an integral part of the United Nations It should tx’ able to support and expedite research in nitrogen fixation, a process that has the potentiality for cutting fertilizer prices by more than half and increasing the food yields by at least half as much again. The WFA would also have a capability for undertaking research in desalinization The aim here would be to open up vast areas of wasteland and to increase the world's need for water for agricultural purposes Other world problems that call for world solutions require similar world approaches The sum total of all these agencies or authorities, properly stitched together, is what is meant by world order. Giving the United Nations such powers is not a simple thing Moreover, the tendency to abuse power is always a danger whenever power is created The antidotes to abuse of government pow cr are checks and balances, constant searchlighting. constant review and overhaul, open communications, limited appointment or election of officials The world s ultimate problems are not scientific or technological. Tin* ultimate problems continue to be the problems of governance — how to translate common needs into workable answers, which is to say, how to create instruments to serve the common interest without becoming more of a problem than the problems they were intended to solve; how to provide the citizenry with the flow of information essential to correct abuses and to encourage persons of stature and integrity to serve the world public. lf enough people can be found who are willing to attach themselves to the proposition that the human species is intelligent and energetic enough to think and work in world terms, the pessimistic forecasts of the experts no longer need paralyze or intimidate. It is quite possible that the destiny of humanity in the next 5(1 years will be to prove the experts wrong, in fad, human destiny depends on it Loa Angr>i#»«, Times Svbdlfflte Way with words Folks who count By Theodore M. Bernstein NI MBER NUTS A doctor in Richmond. Va., is trying to find a word that applies to people w lie count everything — steps in a flight of stairs, slat" in a Venetian blind, mrs in tin* street or whatever The word that probably will come first to your mind IS numberskull, lint that's not it The real word is arithmomania ll appears in Webster’* unabridged dictionary, which defines it as “a compot sive desire to count objects, obsession with numbers.“ Practicable, practical. There is a dis Ruction between those two words Practicable refers to something that can be done, practical refers lo something thai can be done usefully or valuably On another occasion your host gave an illustration ut the distinction between the words bv presenting a pet idea of his. which bas gotten nowhere it may In’ practicable to get double use out of the nation s railways by converting them into airways for electronically guided, low-flying, safe, all-weather let planes that would not require vast tracts of real estate for airports But the plan may not be practical. Incidentally, has anyone ever investigated to see whether the plan is practical'’ Word oddities Arithmomania comes from the Greek arithmos, meaning number, and mama, meaning madness Put them together and you have tile condition of someone who is crazy for numbers. It figures Theodore M. Bernstein Men’s 26” 10 Speed Now 63.99 keg. 79.99 Save $1 6 Men * 26" IO speed with front and rear caliper hand brakes, derailleur gear system, stem-mounted shifter, and more. Women’* IO tpeod, Reg. 79.99 Now 63.99 Bicycle sale. You’ll get big 20% savings on all JC Penney multi speed bikesThe Cedar Rapids Gazette; Sun., July 28, 1974    9/y Patio Shop Corner 2nd Ave. & 5th St. SE \ Men’s 26” I O-speed Now 67.99 Reg. 84.99 Save $17 Men s deluxe 26" IO speed racer has center pull front and rear caliper hand brakes with dual levers. Stem mounted gear shifter and more Black or Yellow. ^ Men’s 26” 3 speed Reg. 67.99 Now 54.39 Save 13.60 Women’s 26” 3 speed Reg. 67.99 Now 54.39 Save 13.60 Men’s 26” 5 speed Reg. 79.99 Now 63.99 Save *16 Women’s 26” 5-speed Reg. 79.99 Now 63.99 Save *16 Men’s 27” IO Speed Reg. 89.99 Now 71.99 Save *18 In Carton prices Assembly $5  \ Last Day! Everyone Saves at our pre-season sale on heavyweight jackets Sale ll20 to I 920 Girls Reg $14 to $24 Thor s all our new toll lackers for girls 7 to 14, 3 to 6» Plush piles, nylons with quilted linings, wool plaids and tweeds, fake leathers ond furs and more Sale *22 to s76 Mens Reg 27 SO to $95 Great looking lockets in big selection of styles and fabrics Including leathers, nylons, cottons, polyesters, wools and other fabrics blends In assorted plaids, patterns and colors All in a full range of sires at JCPenney, 109 Second St.SE Open 5 Nights A Week. Monday thru Friday 9:30-9 Saturday 9-5 Sunday 12-5 Sale *19 to *44 Womens’ Reg $24 to $55 20°o off all our lockets and pant coats in stock, women » and half sues included Imitation suedes, leather looks Corduroys, wool meltons, tweeds, plaids, and lots more Sale 11” to 15” Boys Reg I 3 98 to 19 98 Popular boys styles, including parkas, lined CPO tackets ond mony more Big choice of fabrics, too Many mochme washable In plaids, patterns and colors Pre school and school age sires ;

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