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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Uh* fLt&wt 7 think he was in the middle of asking if I was tired of hearing about WatergateAmtrak: spruced up Editorial Page Wednesday, July 24, 1974 MMiS Citizens’ suits hindered BECAUSE pornography and press freedom commanded most of the headlines in the supreme court term recently ended, another potentially provocative case has sailed by virtually ignored. This is the citizens’ suit decision, which could come to be known as the “Who do you think you are?” ruling. Since judges in general, and supreme court justices in particular, are among the most rational of men, a lone taxpayer’s protest against the Central Intelligence Agency’s budget secrecy seemingly should receive reasonable treatment from the bench. But the high court tossed out (5 to 4) the petition of citizen William B. Richardson, ruling, in effect, that the citizen did not have the standing to sue. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Burger said (citing a 1923 ruling — Frothingham v. Mellon) that Richardson did not claim he particularly would suffer any injury from the secrecy of the CIA budget and that Richardson was not attacking federal spending but only the secrecy concealing that spending. It is for congress, and ultimately the people through the political process, to maintain surveillance over such matters as CIA secrecy, said Burger, “Any other conclusion would mean that the Founding Fathers intended to set up something in the nature of an Athenian democracy or New’ England town meeting to oversee the conduct of the national government by means of lawsuits in federal courts.” A similar case found the supreme court throwing out (6 to 3) a challenge against the fact that many congressmen are members of the armed forces reserve. The alleged violation of separation of power doctrine — cited by reserve members — was dismissed because the petitioners could claim no concrete injury from the dual membership. In addition to sanctioning CIA secrecy and preserving the reser-vist-congressman status, the effect of the rulings probably will be to keep court dockets free of class action suits claiming affliction to society rather than to individuals or groups. Such orderliness no doubt would please judges who worry about case overloading, but consider the tradeoff: A public already grown disillusioned with leadership now is reminded of the limitations of the individual citizen. Constituents fed up with torpor in congress are told that elected trustees of mass democracy will handle the watchdogging. It is true, as the chief justice observed, that the founders veered judiciously away from the town meeting format of government. But so doing they did not propose that the sovereignty of the inindividual be muted. That, however, is what the high court has done — by ruling that a taxpayer’s ire at government’s fiscal secrets or its indifference to constitutional principle is insufficient ground for suit. Morse wore no brand A MAVERICK IS described in the dictionary as “an unbranded animal” but in common usage Americans have come to accept application of that word in describing out-of-the-ordinary human beings. Like Wayne Morse of Oregon, the former U.S. senator who departed this life Monday just as he was mounting, at 73, another campaign for senator in an attempted comeback. Although he wore the Democratic brand at the end. Morse was a political maverick if there ever was one — and an extremely able one at that, lh1 was elected senator in 1944 as a Republican and was re-elected six years later as a Republican. But in 1952 he switched to independent. Then, in 1955 he became a Democrat and won re-election in 1956, lost as a Democrat in 1964 and won that jWMHMWi M . Wtim Mr#*,4 Way with words Cool bird By Theodore M. Bernstein Fowl tip. Tho phrase co Id turkey refers, as everybody knows, to the sudden and complete withdrawal of narcotics from an addict. But whence comes the phrase? No one seems to know A reader in Toledo, Ohio, who prefers to remain anonymous, offers this explanation: The addict usually is afflicted with goose flesh or goose pimples, and it is apparent that a cold goose and a cold turkey look pretty much alike when plucked, therefore Therefore what9 lf the treatment causes goose flesh, why the switch to turkey, why not call the treatment co Id goose? No, Mr Anonymous, your explanation won’t do. Footnote terms. An inquiry from It I) Dwight of Chalfont, Pa., about the meaning of ibid. in a footnote suggests that it might be helpful to list some of the more common footnote abbreviations along with the words in full and their meanings Hence: c. or ca. (circa) — “about,’ used with a date or a century to indicate that the exact date is not known; cf (confer) — "compare,’’ suggesting to the reader that he compare what has caused the footnote with another reference cited iii the footnote, et al (et aln) — "and others”; et seq (et sequens) — “and the following’’; f or ft. — “and the following page or pages ibid (ibidem) — “in the same place. ' referring to a previous footnote and used party's nomination for senator in the Oregon primary election last May. Even so, he really wore no brand but his own, for when it came to taking a position on paramount issues it was his own conscience, rather than his party of the moment, that served as his guide. Never for a moment did he hesitate to take the unpopular side* of an issue if he felt it was the right side, as witness his vote against the Tonkin Gulf resolution in 1964. Always an argumentative senator. he stirred up more controversy and, simultaneously, generated more deep thinking among his colleagues, than most Truly, he applied much of the diversity that is essential in any parliamentary body worth its salt. to avoid having to repeat the name of the book, author, etc., op cd. (opere citato) — “in the work cited.” referring to a work by the same author, which has been previously mentioned. passim, “throughout.” indicating that what is mentioned in the footnote turns up here and there in whatever source is being cited; q y, (quode vide) — “which see,’’ directing the reader to a previously mentioned reference. Word oddities. A newsy word in recent months, expletive comes from the Latin ex-, out or up. and plere, to fill As a grammatical term it means a word that is ust*d to fill up a syntactical design but adds nothing to the sense of what is being said. An example is the word there in the following sentence: ‘ There are not many such words." Ari additional meaning of expletive is an exclamation or oath, frequently obscene or profane, (if those expletives we have had our fill Another Ii fir rh w KALL srp L r. I Ste? By Richard L. Worsnop THE APPROACH of midsummer finds the nation’s workers hot under the collar As of July 15, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service reports. 588 strikes were in progress. A total of 231,324 workers were involved. At the same point last year there were 279 walkouts involving 70,000 workers. Actually, the situation is even worse than the conciliation service’s figures show. Under federal law , unions operating in the private sector of the economy are obliged to report to the service 30 days in advance of any strike action. Public-sector unions are under no such obligation. Thus, many public-set tor strikes now under way are not included in the government’s statistics. Public-sector strikes are of mounting concern to state and local governments and to ordinary citizens. San Francisco and. more recently, Baltimore were virtually paralyzed this year by massive walkouts of city employes. Thousands of state employes represented by four different unions went on strike in Ohio. The cost of settling or averting such strikes is high. In New York City, for example, the Uniformed Firefighters Assn. recently agreed to a contract that will raise the annual base pay of firemen from the present $15,25(1 to more than $18.(KH) over a two-year period. The city’s sanitationmen negotiated a separate two-year pact that will increase base pay from $13,741 to $16,500 a year These settlements are sure to lead to comparable raises for policemen and other municipal employes New York has had years of experience in dealing with municipal unions, but many other cities are relatively new to the game. Their lack of expertise in the art of bargaining sometimes has It'd to overly generous settlements or, more often, acrimonious strikes that might have been avoided. It was all but inevitable, then, that labor unrest was a major topic of discussion at the recent annual meeting in San Diego of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. Many mayors indicated willingness to adopt a get-tough approach in dealing with union wage demands. People s forum Cause for support To the Editor One of the bes! reasons for strong support in this area for tlx* United Nations leaped from the Forum letter .July 21 of T A Harks, president of KwikWay Industrie's V ou tith'd it “Dependency" In the United Nations Association of the United States, we’ve been calling this Inter Dependency” and our new national publication “Inter Dependent" is dedicated to the idea, increasingly more evident to all; that world affairs now are local affairs in the global village we all call home It is easy to agree with this concept in Cedar Rapids-Marion, where as the Chamber of Commerce found arid Mr Harks reported, 30 percent of all local manufactures are shipped over the world and the corollary 30 jrercent of the wages (•arm'd by workers here resulting from international commerce. There is, too, the sidelight from Reduction of the number of municipal employes was recommended in cases where a settlement is clearly beyond the city’s ability to pay. Deadlocked issues, it was suggested, should be submitted to binding arbitration. Neil Goldschmidt, the mayor of Hartland, Ore . believes cities should insist on the principle of better work for better pay. “We’re willing to pay higher wages and fringes, but we don’t want to be featherbedded,” he told a U S. News & World Report interviewer. "Our only hope is to get more productivity out of the workers we have. People won’t stand for higher taxes." Heople have come to accept, even if grudgingly, the right of public employes to organize arid bargain collectively. It was a different story 50 years ago. In Till the rubble bounces 1919, after a Boston police strike was broken, Gov. Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts declared: “There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, any time.” Coolidge’s remark was w idely acclaimed and helped him to win the Republican vice-presidential nomination the following year. Hresident Wilson went even further. He called the Boston strike “a crime against civilization” and expressed hope that its lesson would not be forgotten, “because the pride of America is that it can exercise self-control. ” Self-control is as much of a virtue today as in 1919 But with inflation seemingly out of control, it would be futile to expect the nation’s increasingly militant unions of public employes to moderate their wage demands. Editorial Research Reoorts MIRVing: no victors By Don Oakley WARM FEELINGS and friendly toasts at the “summit” notwithstanding, the Soviet Union has decided to go the MIRV route. Rather than stay with its present superiority in total number of missile launchers (currently some 2.330 to our 1,710) but accept eventual inferiority in number of deliverable warheads, Russia has decided to try to catch up with the lead rn U S. development of “multiple, independently re-entry vehicles — missiles that can carry two. four or six separately aimed warheads. Ii is an ominous turn iii the nuclear sweepstakes, the insane game that nobody can win One can only speculate about whether the Kremlin would have taken the step had not the United States first dec ted to go for the MIRVs in order to offset the Soviet "advantage” in launchers. It can be argued that it is better to have them always trying to catch up with us instead of the other way around. Yet this has been the story of the arms race from the beginning, even after it “Around the Town”, that international transport officials and representatives visit ( odor Rapids more frequently than any other community in Iowa, and likewise the weekend sojourn of the 19 air training cadets from Britain. This all reflects the kind of international atmosphere the United Nations Association seeks. There is a fine chapter of UNA iii Cedar Rapids It should be the largest hi this part of the country, judging from the reality of “Dependency”. ( v Douglass Executive Director Iowa Div ision, I NA 2440 Northv lew drive Marion Parents anonymous To the Editor I am sure you are aware of a new program for child abusers which includes crisis intervention and on going help through weekly meetings with a professional sponsor Barents Anonymous is a non authori-tative organization into which a parent with a child abuse problem can involve himself, anon.vPiously, without fear of lodgment social hostility, reprisal, injection, legal or punitive measures. All boca me obvious that both sides possessed enough nuclear power to destroy each other many times over, no matter who struck first Where does it end? What do we do when the Soviet Union achieves MIRV equality — try for Super-MIRV? With the capability of destroying each other now , a capability that has existed for years and cannot bt' changed by any conceivable technological refinement by either side, will we ever reach a point where we can agree to call a halt to the multiplication of these grotesque engines of annihilation, if not actually begin dismantling them? Or must history record — if anybody is around to record history — that the end of the arms race came only with the end of the human race? Newsoaocr Enterprise Assn Fadeout As the days got longer, the Daylight Saving issue lost its impact. That’s the kind of problem legislators like: Let it rest until it goes away. —Tulsa World but a very few participants have been successful A chapter of Barents Anonymous has now been formed in this area. I would like to thank the many individuals and agencies who helped make the group a reality A special thanks to Donna Johnson for all the moral and academie support that kept me trooping and also to my husband and family for understanding how important the group is to me. I certainly couldn’t have done it alone. Cindy llochstetler 313 Thirteenth street SVV Realities To the Editor The hour is late and the situation is critical It has now become mandatory for Uncle Sam to start living within his means. Fiscal responsibility must become a reality or else rampant inflation will destroy the economic, social and political fabric of our nation Throughout history most of the world s great civilizations have been destroyed from WITHIN not from nut From New York to Boston, the turbo-train does its best, hut the roadbed is too elderly and meandering to permit a really competitive schedule. Much of the trackage over which Amtrak’s trains must run is literally dangerous; most of it is old and rough, at best; many routes have duplicating tracks; and many are not as direct as they would bo if they had been built to serve contemporary needs. The fact is that no major inter-city rail line has been built in America since the 1920s. As the railroads have declined, moreover, they have not kept the existing trackage in the best condition. This is a limitation on Amtrak service that Amtrak alone cannot meet; and most of the freight carriers can’t either. Rep. Les Aspin of Wisconsin has proposed a means of dealing with the roadbed-track problem that seems well worth consideration. His legislation would set up an interstate railroad corporation that would take over, rehabilitate, and maintain the national railroad track system — but not the railroads themselves. Brivate carriers and Amtrak would continue to operate the trains. Fxisting railroad companies could turn their trackage over to the new corporation, or continue to own and maintain it themselves. The trackage turned over to the new system would be “rehabilitated’’ with the proceeds of a one percent tax on all surface freight shipments for a six-year period. Essential Point Long-term maintenance would he prov ided by a charge of $1 per I .(HNI gross ton-miles levied on freight and passenger carriers. Aspin thinks such a maintenance charge would be less than most carriers now pay for equivalent costs. Carriers retaining their own trackage would have to meet the standards set by the interstate railroad corporation. There may be other ideas, hut Aspin has grasped an essential point — that Metroliners and turbo-trains need a decent roadbed if they are to deliver their full potential to the growing numbers of railroad passengers New York Times Service rn side attack. We have more to fear from inflation than from the Russians’ Federal spending must be cut and I believe that the over-bloated military budget, heretofore a sacred cow, would he a good place to start Robert I). Arnold >41 Knollwood drive SE Lend-a-Hand To the Editor The Cedar Rapids Jaycees would like to let the people of Cedar Rapids and surrounding area know what they are doing for the community. Bruject "Lend-a-Hand” is working with those persons who have made mistakes and have spent time in jail We are trying to get these ex-offenders hack on their feet and into home life We are trv mg to help them in finding jobs. and iii any problem that they may have. We would like to so<* our community stand out from the rest ll you would like more information, please contact Lee Suiter. 363-4611. Boh Schubert, 3H2 9218 or Jim Gatewood 363 5546 Jim (i<it(‘Wood 324 ( obban court SE Public-sector strikes Futile to with little to run on By Tom Wicker NEW YORK — The French Line has made one of the more melanc holy announcements of the summer — that its great passenger liner, the France, will be withdrawn from service after Oct. 25 A veteran of several trails-Atlantic crossings in the France can hardly help wondering why something couldn’t be done to preserve this leisurely and civilized means of travel Must everything he sacrificed to speed and efficiency? Something is being done, for example, to preserve, perhaps even restore, rail travel in America. Only a few years ago, it seemed as moribund as the France; now, while many problems remain, the vital signs are strong. Most recently, Amtrak and several states have announced the restoration of some useful routes in the continental rail system, with several others about to Im* put into service. This is the result of federal legislation providing that Amtrak must make passenger service available when states demanding it agree to assume two-thirds of any operational losses. Federal funds make up the remaining deficit. This ought not to he* dismissed as a “subsidized" service. In the first place. if the service can be improved enough, there need be no great operating losses; hut even if there are such losses, it expect moderation makes sense that government should help finance a useful and desirable public service, rather than requiring that it necessarily pay for itself or make a profit. The government does not requin* that federal highways make a profit, and it pours huge sums into airport construction and other support to the airlines The state-federal underwriting of operational losses has led to restoration, beginning this fall, of direct New 5 nrk-Detroit service, via Albany, Buffalo, Niagara Falls and a run through Ontario New York state also is arranging to underwrite renewed service from New 5 ork to Montreal on the Hudson Valley mutt* (service through Vermont already has been restored), and from New 5 ork to Binghamton Holes filled Michigan is getting ready to finance a link in a Chicago-Toronto service, Florida is proposing a turbo-train to run along the Gold ('oast, and other states have various additional routes under consideration. Thus, many of the gaping holes in the original Amtrak route system may soon he filled and something like a national service provided. But if that could be swiftly achieved, and modern new equipment provided. Amtrak passengers still would be facing a ma jor obstacle to really good service — as any rider on the lucrative New York Washington line could testify. On that route, even the comforts of the Metroliners, Amtrak’s premier trains, cannot conceal the fact that much of the roadbed is obsolete. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette