Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., Dec. 28, 1974
New Poison Developed To Kill Strain of Super Rats
MADISON, Wis. (AP) - A University of Wisconsin scientist says he has developed a compound to kill “super rats" immune to normally deadly pesticides.
John Suttle, a professor of biochemistry, used the poison to research how vitamin K works in human beings and animals. But he says it also
has the makings rat poison.
of an ideal
lf Suttie's new compound becomes the latest weapon in man s battle against the rodent. it will replace another chemical developed at Wisconsin, Warfarin, which has been in use more than two
4 Watergate-Related Stories in Top Ten
Valuable Ink Smear
Joe Mushro, 59, maintenance worker at a Phoenix nursing home, said he was offered $25,000 by a Nevada collector for his ink-smeared $20 bill. Mushro said he was delighted when he got the bill, apparently by mistake, when he cashed his paycheck. Local dealers questioned the offer, saying the highest price for misprints was $1,750.
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EASTOWN 2 - "Animal Crackers” — 1:40, 4:50, 8; “Bank Dick" — 3:25 , 6 35, 9 45.
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Esther Williams Is Booked for Drunk Driving
OXNARD. Calif. (AP) -Esther Williams, Hollywood's swimming pool mermaid of the '40s and '50s, has been booked for investigation of drunken driving.
The 51-year-old actress. whose movies included “Dangerous When Wet” and “Neptune’s Daughter”, was stopped by the California highway patrol about 11:30 p rn. Christmas night.
Russian Satellite Will Carry U.S. Experiments into Orbit
WASHINGTON (UPI) - An unmanned Russian satellite will carry small American biological experiments into orbit for 20 to 30 days late next year.
The mission, scheduled for late 1975, represents a major step in scientific cooperation between the two space powers.
It will follow next July's meeting of Soviet and American spacemen in orbit.
The agreement was reached recently at a meeting of scientists and engineers in Tashkent, USSR.
It calls for the U. S. to prepare biological specimens to fit into standard Soviet containers a little smaller than a shoebox.
The American experiments have nit yet been selected bit will probably consist of such things as fish embryos, plants and tissue cultures, to see how they are affected by weightlessness.
"We have a lot of I experiments that we want to j perform to help us understand
the changes we have observed in our (astronaut) crews,” said David Winter, director of life sciences for the space agency.
“This is one way to help us get along with that business before waiting for the space shuttle "
Russia flics a biological research satellite about once a year in the cosmos series. The U. S. carried out extensive medical research in its Skylab space station but has no current plans for unmanned biological satellites.
The space shuttle rocket plane that will provide the next major opportunity for biological research will not fly before 1979 The pact also calls for American researchers to participate in studies of blood and tissue samples from animals that will fly in next year's biolgical satellite.
Russia uses modified versions of its early Vostok
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manned capsule for the biological research. The last two satellites flown in the series have stayed aloft for 22 days before returning to gentle earth landings.
ON THIS DATE in 1964,
Italian Foreign Minister Giuseppe Saragat was sworn in as the new president of Italy.
B> VvtecUtrd Prrss
The Watergate scandal, climaxing with the resignation of Richard Nixon and the inauguration of President Ford, has been voted the top news story of 1974.
In their annual poll, editors and news directors of Associated Press member newspapers and radio and TV stations placed three other Watergate-related stories among the top ten of the year. The three were Ford’s pardon of Nixon, the Democratic sweep in the November elections and Nelson Rockefeller’s vicepresidential nomination.
The Watergate scandal was also voted the top story in 1973.
Besides Watergate, the top ten stories, in the order of their ranking, were:
2. The economy — Inflation above IO percent, and a business decline that began in January and became a recession by fall.
3. The energy crisis — The oil embargo ended in March but the steadily-rising cost of petroleum added to the economic gloom.
4. The kidnaping of Patricia llearst and her conversion to membership in the Sym-bionese Liberation Army, the guerilla group that kidnaped her.
5. Ford's “free, full and ab-
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6. The Democratic sweep in the off-year elections.
7. Secretary of State Kissinger’s diplomatic efforts toward a Middle East peace agreement.
8. Ford’s conditional amnesty for deserters and draft resisters of the Vietnam war era.
9. The eruption in Cyprus — The Greek-sponsored coup against President Makarios led to the invasion of the island by Turkey and the downfall of Greece’s military government.
10. Ford’s nomination of Roc kefeller, and revelations of Rockefeller's wealth and gift-giving
When first developed, Warfarin was hailed in popular magazines as capable of dealing “sure death to rats.”
But recent reports indicate there are strains of rats now immune to Warfarin. The Environmental Studies Center at Bowling Green (Ohio) State university says surveys taken of rat population in 40 U.S. cities showed half had Warfarin-resistant rats.
Warfarin, developed between 1934 and 1947 by Wisconsin biochemist Karl Paul lank, was considered an ideal rat poison because it acts slowly and does not foster bait shyness as fast-acting chemicals do.
Warfarin prevents the creation of vitamin K in normal rats, affecting the coagulating
properties of their blood. The animals bleed to death internally in four or five days.
Destroys Vitamin K
Suttie’s chemical destroys vitamin K rather than preventing lls creation, with the same end result. Even the socalled super rats, Immune to Warfarin, are killed.
"Either we or someone else within a year will develop an effective rodenticide to deal with Warfarin-immune rats,” Suttie said “It takes a heck of a lot of money to test out these compounds though, and some private concern will have to be willing to do that."
Suttie. whose research is funded by the National Institute of Health, says universities and research foundations usually leave the final testing of such chemicals to private companies.
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