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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 11, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Death secrets bared The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Wed., Dec. ll, 1974 ‘Tradeoffs’ need exposure now By William Safire WASHINGTON — British actor Leslie Howard, whom generations of Americans remember as the gentle Ashley Wilkes in “Gone With the Wind", boarded an aircraft early in World war ll on a secret mission The Germans knew about it and shot down the unarmed plane The British knew beforehand that the Germans knew, but to protect the secret of how they knew, British intelligence let the plane go down and the actor die On another occasion, Field Marshal Goenng’s luftwaffe targeted the city of Coventry for saturation bombing, to show Britons the horror of continued resistance Winston Churchill was told of the plan in time to have been able to evacuate Coventry, to protect the secret of how he knew, he chose to allow the name of Coventry to become synonymous with destruction The secret that had to be protected at all costs was "The Ultra Secret", disclosed after 35 years in a bonk by Frederick Winterbotham, now 76, who had been an BAF intelligence officer The secret was this: The British had cracked the seemingly unbreakable code of the Nazi high command, and were able to read their opponent’s top-level messages throughout the war The other night, the veterans of the Office of Strategic Services — predecessor to the CIA — gathered in Washington to present the William Donovan award to Export-Import Bank Chairman William J. Casey, who had been the American chief of secret intelligence in Europe during World war II The room was filled with aging, fairly successful men who had led spying or resistance operations in a war against an undoubted enemy when they wen* young and daring Casey told how information gathered by Ultra — which not even the OSS knew Opinion Page 2 Ideo* Judgments Views Insights Comments William Safire ^ km 'ir about at the time — was used to help protect allied forces in the invasion of Europe* German General von Rundstedt believed that "overlord” — the allied invasion of Europe — would be launched at Calais, across the narrowest part of the English channel General Rommel disagreed, predicting it would come in Normandy Rommel was right, of course But despite the theft of the plans for "Overlord’’ by an intrepid German spy in Turkey, and even after the Normandy landings took place on D day, Hitler would not commit all available forces to smashing the allied beachhead That was because of a giant deception by the allies, which had the Germans believing that the Normandy landing was a mere diversion, and that 30 divisions of allied troops — which never existed — were poised to strike at Calais as soon as German panzer divisions there moved south to Normandy When Ultra intercepts showed that Hitler was tom between Von Rundstedt and Rommel, allied intelligence was told by Eisenhower and Churchill to redouble the flow of false information backing up the deluded Von Rundstedt’s belief. They did; Hitler would not send reserves to Rommel, the allied beachhead was not driven back into the sea Think of it: The Germans had stolen the plans for D-day. and even after the landings began, would not act on their information, because allied intelligence had convinced them that the stolen secret — and even what their eyes were telling them — was not to be believed Breathtaking stuff. Masterful deceit And the ruthless decisions of Churchill to let men and cities die rather than expose the secret was justified in history. To send actor Howard to his death meant the opportunity later to shoot down the plane of Japanese Admiral Yamamoto, and the thousands killed and maimed at Coventry would make it pox sible to keep Normandy from turning into another Dunkirk But the alternatives faced at the time by Churchill, FDR and the handful of men making the decisions to protect the secret, must have seared their souls A long generation later, we are still making what we now call "tradeoffs” without the drama, certainly without the heroics, and without the courage to explore the conscious choices we are tieing forced to make We have chosen to throw millions of men and women out of work so that inflation can be cured and our economy brought back from the brink, and we must now choose whether to adopt the official Democratic line of absolute economic dictatorship. We have chosen to throw more than a hundred billion dollars over the next decade into the direct purchase of nuclear arms, which we call limiting the arms race, because we hope that any agreement to race shoulder-to-shoulder — with neither side leading — will ensure human survival We have chosen to try to feed starving millions without demanding stringent population control, salving our consciences today but probably causing IO times the starvation in the coming generation In today s world, Coventrys still have to be sacrificed, but we shut our eves to the life-and-death consequences of the choices we make We kill collective bargaining in the name of stability, we finance an arms race in the name of equality, and we induce starvation in the name of humanity But these are decisions being made in peacetime — must we treat them now as "Ultra Secret?” New York Time* Seevif* Wisdom of nonbuying sensed Auto(psy) on dying industry By Tom Tiede NEWARK. Del —“You can’t get drunk in the afternoon." one of them says, and so each day the workless members of the United Auto Workers Local 1183 cluster in the lobby of the union office to contemplate their lousy fates Approximately 3.400 of them have been furloughed from the Chrysler plant here. "just in time for Christmas." They sit on chairs, lean against wails, group in the comers Some men ding to the hands of their small children others are dressed for the movies, one is trying to get action on a football card "Dadrat the public’" a black man grumbles He says it for the rest I got this neighbor who for 2.MO years has bc'en buying a new car every two years — until this year This year, he says, he’s cutting back I tell him, ‘man, what you re cutting back is my grocery money,’ but it don’t do no good He’s got his mind made up No new car And you want to know something'’ I can’t really blame him, new cars just ain’t worth it any more " Indeed, new cars ain’t worth it any more, a fact that seems abundantly-clear to the people who buy cars. the people who make cars — everybody, in fact, except the people who sell cars Chrysler, for one has in recent weeks had as many as SO MO unsold vehicles parked around the nation and its share of the auto market has fallen from the 13 to 16 percent average of recent years to a current low of less than 12. But when the company tries to explain the dilemma it talks about complex vagaries rather than simple realities The fact is, as many members of UAW Ixxal 1183 agree, cars are not selling as brother Floyd Green says. ' Mostly because they cost too much Green can testify from both ends of the issue As ar. automobile assembler, he says the quality of the hulks he puts together has no relationship to their price in the showrooms. And. on the other hand, as an automobile user thus buyer he says the high money investment has no relationship to sound justifiable con sumer economies last year, for example. Green bought a ISI74 Chrysler Newport for a staggering ll,SM Financing it added a ti JKH) more to Rh* total When he drove it out of the hales lot however, the auto’s worth immediately depreciated by several hundred dollars and has continued that trend since "I’ve had it just about a year now " Green sighs, "And if I was luc kv I could get maybe 11,500 to ll OOO in trade The extraordinary economic absurdity of automobile ownership is of course familiar lo all And as of late, with skvroc keting prices it has become a joke fiwny can do without The average cost of automobiles has risen from $700 to $1,000 in the last few months. Ford Motor Company alone has increased its car prices an average IO percent since September. A teensy AMU Gremlin, laughingly called an "economy vehicle," is now selling at more than $3,000 Add to this the cost of financing (IO percent minimum) and depreciation (new Buicks will he worth as little as one-fourth their current price next December) and the blame for auto no sales is obvious People are not totally stupid The fact is that with the exception of perishable items, no investment in Tom Tiede America is as economically weak a* that for automobiles. A home purchase can increase a buyer’s original outlay, a new boat ran often be resold for at least the purchase* price, even a used bicycle is not a complete giveaway. But cars0 Sighs Green. "You can’t beat the game You can’t stay even in the game All you do is lose so now increasing numbers of Americans are refusing to play the automobile game at al), at least temporarily " And whereas this says something for enlightened common sense, it also takes a toll About 80.000 Chrysler employes are already laid off in the nation and the workless here expect more to follow Explains one "I was at a Plymouth dealer last week and I asked how much this yellow Valiant was The salesman said, *15.000 ’ I said, ’$5.OOO'" He said Yes. it’s fully equipped ’ Jeez, can you beat it0 $5 OOO for a Valiant If that keeps up. there ain’t none of us is ever going hack on the line " Nr*SOOEntrfC1** hssocwNon Way with words No pledge By Theodore M. Bernstein Peculiar promise Occasionally you will hear this kind of sentence "I oromise you it never happened " Nancy Perry of Buffalo heard one like that on television and asks about it. She says she alway* thought promise pertained to the future not the past She is right Properly used, the word does have a future connotation The meaning in the quoted sentence above is to assert emphatically or to give assurance and Webster s New World Dictionary correctly labels it colloquial Why not make it. "I assure you It never happened0" • Notes on quotes American practice i» lo use double quotation marks before and after quoted words, phrases or sentences and single quotation marks for quotations within quotations. For example The senator said. ”! think the President used expletive deleted’ too often ’’ (It mav be noted that the British often Theodore M. Bernstein reverse the American practice in the use of double and single quotes ) A question that usually arises with quotation marks is whether you put other punctuation marks inside them or outside. There is no rule, but most style authorities prescribe that the peru*! and the comma should Ik* placed inside the quotes and the colon and semicolon outside The placement of question marks and exclamation points depends on the meaning Examples:    The    audience    cried. "Bravo!” Don’t you dare tell me again "all is lost"! “Why do you call some educators ‘elitists '’” he asked Have you read "All the President’s Men 0 Yes, it is a hit complicated • Word oddities. Many words contain the prefix fore , meaning ahead or front part, so the tendency to spell forgo as if it were forego is not really mystifying But It is wrong The prefix for has the sen*e of apart or without Thus forgo means to do without or give up and it should be speiled without an e No f nohow • More oddities The aid a person extend* to a fellow person is sometimes referred to as hi* good offices, and Lillian Aronoff of Philadelphia would like to know wh\ The word office come* from the Litin offtoum, meaning service, duty or activity That take* care of the office part of the term and the good part i* obvious That leaves only the $ in offices to I** explained and that probably is an idiomatic pluralization just a*- it i* in services He offered III* services to the school board Ne* York Tune* Vt^D'CO** OPEN HOUSE ANO FREE COOKING DEMONSTRATION — THURSDAY — DECEMBER I 7th — SIE THI MICROWAVE OVEN IN ACTION) SPECIAL NOTICE JUDITH JARDINE, PANASONIC HOME ECONOMIST, WILL BE ON HAND THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12 — 4.00 P M TO 8.00 P.M., TO DEMONSTRATE HOW TO USE THE MICROWAVE OVEN. SHE WILL ANSWER ALL YOUR QUESTIONS AND SHOW YOU WHY PANASONIC IS THE BEST MICROWAVE OVEN TO HAVE IN YOUR HOME. Panasonic introduces‘Dial-a-dinner” Panasonic's Recipe-Matic v Microwave Ovens, NE-6600 and NE- 6450 both feature a control panel with 6 rotating recipe cards Just turn the dial to select most any food category, and you re ready to cook BSNMMMN NE-6600 Recipe Mafic v Microwave Oven with Twin Power’* ■ Recipe-Matic** Time Selection Da!-a-Dmner ■ Twin PowerLow power for delicate foods full power for regular cooking ■ Automatic Defrost ■ 30-Minute Timer ■ Easy Operation Dial desired recipe card turn the timer to dial specific food push the ’ Cook button ■ End of cooking bell, automatic shut-off I * *    *■» rn * ■    .    f ■1 J *' **' ■>, ,    «<.'    ' * * -r '■    >„-%»■    **    :    • - ~  i NE-6450 Recipe Matte v Microwave Oven ■ Recipe-Matic** Time Selection ( Dial-a-Dinner j ■ 30-Minute Timer ■ Easy Operation Dial desired recipe card, turn the timer to dial specific food, push the Cook button » End of cooking bell automatic 95 shut-off    SAAA95 !399 REGISTER FOR FREE OVENS WHILE ATTENDING THE DEMONSTRATION    NO PURCHASE NECESSARY COME IN NOW AND SEE FOR YOURSELF AT MARION TV AND RECORDS 1175.7th AVE. PHONE 377-0471 MARION, IOWA cNimvfc.Ai Hot Turkey Sandwith, Cranberry Saute, IO-Oi. Co ta •Cola,. 9 9c f7 S. S. MUSCI COMPANY Well read ... and with good reason! t Cnlnr Rn pi cb    £%?£ interest (astern Iowans ;

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