Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
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Speaking of amnesty, I d also like a chance to earn my way back into society...
Wpdne*Hov Aorjos* 28 1974
Truckers hurt own case
CONGRATULATIONS to all six Iowa congressmen for voting against the proposal to allow heavier trucks on interstate high-w ays
Former Congressman Fred Schuengel of Iowa’s First district must have derived some satisfaction from the bill’s surprising defeat — 252 to 159 — for lit1 was a I most a lone voice against heavier trucks a few years ago Since then, obviously, many of his former colleagues still in congress have come around to his way of thinking.
Truckers themselves hardly helped their own case. Congressman Hays of Ohio may have gone too far when he labeled them “tin' worst law violators in this country/’ and went on to charge “there’s not a truck in this country’ that s obeying the 55-mile speed limit " But he certainly touched on a sore point with the American public and enough of his colleagues got the word that they voted with him to beat tilt' bill
Truckers, in defense, have argued that it is essential they travel above the* 55-mile limit in order to keep schedules and to maintain salary and wage levels But Americans don’t buy it. pointing out that truckers have no special dispensation that excludes them from obey ing the law
A major factor in the defeat, of course, is that heavier trucks would increase road repair costs — by $110 million a year according to the National Transportation Safety Board, ati independent government agency And. as Iowa’s Governor Hay pointed out when he vetoed a long truck bill early this year, the states would have to bear the entire cost of increased maintenance on the interstate highways, just as they pay all maintenance on those highways today.
The time has come, according to ( ongressman Edward Koch of New York. to ask “How big shall trucks be’’" Yes. how big and how long and how heavy? There should be a limit somewhere.
IN A LETTER IN People s Forum on this page, Maurice Yan Nostrand, chairman of the Iowa commerce commission, responds to our July 31) editorial dealing with problems of enforcing the 55-mile per hour speed limit on interstate highways.
In the editorial, we agreed with Mr. Van Nostrand’s earlier prediction that the 55 limit probably will not be repealed in light of the safety record compiled since it went inio effect. But we questioned another Van Nostrand statement that “statistics will show we’ve had little problem with enforcement regarding speed limits/’
Our point was that statistics don't show how many speeders got away without being caught and that! in our view, they were plentiful. We pointed out that in two recent roundtrips to Des Moines we hadn’t seen a single trooper on 1-80.
In his letter, Mr Van Nostrand wants us to take a count next time we're motoring, like he did on a recent trip, and then tell him whether we think the limit is being neither observed nor enforced.
Actually , our July 30 editorial was based on a partial count, although we didn t present our figures and no longer have them. But we'll be glad to accept Mr. Van Nostrand's suggestion and keep track next time we’re out and report the results to him in this space.
In passing, we might add that our more recent trips on the interstate indicate there is an increasing lack of observance and. possibly, of enforcement. But we've taken no counts and we hope when we do they will prove Mr V an Nostrand is right and that we are wrong. We’d rather have it the way he says it is than the way we think it is.
IT HAS BEEN said many times of Charles A. Lindbergh that his thrilling transoceanic flight came just when America was in desperate need of heroes. Well, the country had numerous champions in those years — Babe Ruth. Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker, Jack Dempsey. What was missing, however, was the quintessential hero who remained quietly modest no matter how intense the adulation.
Lucky Lindy, it is recalled by veterans of that era. filled the void perfectly. In all the years that the world knew him — from his first ever solo flight across the Atlantic until his death Monday in Hawaii
People 's forumSpeed law obeyed?
To the Editor
A leu weeks ago vhij published an editorial that said I might he right that Iowans generally didn’t oppose the >5 mph speed limit hut that your experience on the highway led you to hell*we the lack of opposition was probably due to the fact that the speed limit was being neither respected nor enforced I don’t personally know how last people are driving IM Eastern Iowa hut I would like to ti ll you what I observed in Western and Central Iowa this week
I drove 93 miles on I SH in th*1 tat* afternoon My goal speed was >5 mph. I drove no slower than 52 and no faster than WI I was passed by 22 vein* it" and I passed 2S v chicles
During one pi mile stretch I counted all the vehicles — a total of las — in the opposing two lanes of traffic I think one could assume there were no more
— the man s humility remained astonishing.
Lindbergh's popularity plummeted sharply because of his candid views of American war-making, circa 1941 And the effects of the scorn tended to cling; a well-made film biography (released in 195b) was a box-office failure.
Nevertheless, the legendary “Lone Eagle remained a larger-than-life figure, an electric personality whose influence tm aviation continued more than four decades after his epic flight To all who love adventure, Charles Lindbergh will remain a certified American hero
vehicles going in one directum than the other Being passed univ once every 4 miles when there were about 15 vehicles using each mile of the highway appears ft* me to be an indication that motorists generally are abiding bv the 55 mph sp**ed limit
Of the 22 vehicles which passed me, lh were from out-of-state Seven wert* trucks \nd of the 22 whu h passed me only five moved by at a rate which would indicate they were exceeding H5 mph Of the 2H vehicles I passed P* were • ars th** balance were trucks * a lopers and curs tow mg trailers
I think I would be *ab in saving that od** year ago a motorist driving that highway at 75 would be passed more times in MI miles than I was this week ilriv mg 55
All III all. I think our people have re sponded admirably lo the tall for slower •.prods But on*' lias to count till' vein* lex as I did iii order to really evaluate the situation I wish you would <1** thai ami then let mo know if von still think Hie speed limit is neither tieing observed nor enforced
Maurice \ an Xostrand ( hairinun
Iowa < (tinnier* *■ < oiimiission Des Moines
Why Greeks junto bit the dust
U.S. arms-aid scandal brewing
By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak
WASHINGTON — Blatant misuse of American military aid by the ousted Greek military dictatorship, which probably caused th** junta's fatal inaction in the Cyprus crisis, is about to be ex posed in a major international scandal — threatening the permanent end of C S military aid to Greece and widening the dangerous Washington Athens breach
This scandal, a closely-held secret within the new civilian government of Prime Minister Constantin** Karamanlis (which had nothing whatever to do with it I, may help explain th** sudden collapse of the military junta following Turkey’s invasion of Cyprus Turkey’s move was triggered by th** Greek junta’s overthrow of Archbishop Markarios as president of Cyprus on July 15
Karamanlis and his top aides, including foreign minister George Mavros. ar** convinced the junta was preparing military operations across th** Turkish border in Thrace immediately following Turkey s decision to mterv enc militarily on Cyprus.
But when the junta mobilized th** Greek reserves, military stores of C S aid — rifles, ammunition, boots machine guns and rockets — wore discovered to h** totally inadequate
( rates of th** American MHH rifle, for one example, were found to contain one or two layers of rifles af th** top. with rocks, wood and other filler material hidden underneathNATO role
Th** discovery of this shocking shortfall of arms and equipment was the final nail in the coffin of the junta, already under
heavy political pressures for ifs
stumbling Cyprus adventureTravails of a global cop
The full extent of the disappearance of American arms aid is still not known Some well-informed experts on the outrages perpetrated by seven years of Greek military rule believe the arms were sold for cash to foreign countries. possibly in black Africa, behind finbacks of regular military commanders
But wholly apart from the devastating impact on the junta itself, the discovery of the shortfall raises profound questions about Greece’s military defenses in her role as a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Karamanlis. pressured by th** Turkish Cyprus invasion into an anti-American posture, withdrew Greece from the military arm of NATO two weeks ago
High officials here ar** unaware of the Karamanlis-Mavros Investigation which revealed the junta's inability to mobilize th** Greek reserve That investigation is now centered on three major military depots Attica, the site in the Athens-Piraeus area of major Greek military installations; Larissa, in Central Greece. th** headquarters of th** first army; and Salonika. Greece’s second city and the headquarters of th** third army corps
Mthough administration officials are in the dark, key members of four congressional committees — the foreign relations and armed sen ices committees of both senate and house — have been apprised of th** scandal by Elias Heme
tracopoulos, the best-informed anti-lunta Greek exile here the past seven years ll** recently returned to Washington from high-level talks in Geneva with officials of the Karamanlis government
key congressional committee members, including one senator who supported I S military aid to Greece even during the military dictatorship. will soon demand a complete investiga-* turn by the General Accounting Office (GAO), congressional watchdog over government spending
Th** results of that probe could be dynamite In 1971. Rep Wayne Hays of Ohio pushed through congress a ban on I S military grant aid to Greece Only lasl week Hays authored a bill to repeal that ban. on grounds that grant aid could be restored now that the colonels were gone
But if the GAO probe shows that fhere really was wholesale abuse of American military aid, congress will he most reluctant about new grant, aid ev**n to the respected civilian government of KaramanlisHome to roost
Even without the scandal, restoration of aid seems dubious considering the fact that Karamanlis bowed to anti-American sentiment by withdrawing from NATO’s military organization and accepting Moscow’s formula for a political settlement on Cyprus
The impact of a finding by GAO that large amounts of American aid were pilfered or squandered would go far beyond Greece It would radically adv ani ** the argument against foreign aid widespread in congress and fanned by neo-isola-tionism In this way. too, the chickens of obsequious C S support for a clique of primitive Greek colonels are coming horn** to roost with a vengeance.
P 'bHsSprs Moll Syndical*-
‘Crisis managers envelop us’
By William V. Shannon
WASHINGTON - It is 9 a rn Tuesday. July 15. 195K Whit** House Cress Secretary James Hagerty is making a dramatic announcement at his morning briefing At this very moment.
I S marines ar** landing in Lebanon. President Eisenhower will address the nation tonight on th** crisis in the Middle East
That evening President Eisenhower explains that because of “highly organized” plots in Iraq and Jordan and dissension in Lebanon ‘ actively fomented by Soviet and ( airn broadcasts, he has s**nt the marines “to protect \mencan lives and help Lebanon preserve its independence from communist subversion The President relates what is happening in that small country to th** “pattern of conquest * *. n p1 cd by international communism in th** Greek civ ii war. th** take-over of * zechoslovakia and China, and tin* attempted take-over of Korea and Indo l luna
ll** has s»*nt th** marines to “serve th** ( ans** of peace, security and well-being, not only for us. but for all men every when*
It is March 23 19H1 President Kenned v is holding a new-s conference in lh** auditorium of lh** state department The big news is the crisis iii Laos lb* points to three maps showing in vivid color the successive advances of the communist forces
Iii ringing tones th** President alerts Hic American people to their danger if Laos is overrun “Laos is far away from America hut the world is small its own safety runs with Hi** safety ut us all
Ile solemnly warns our adversaries and hints of possible American military action ll there is lo Im* a peaceful soli! Hon there must In* a cessation id lh** present armed attacks by externally
supported communists no one should doubt our resolution on this point
Ii is \pril 2H, 19H5 Turmoil has broken out in the Dominican Republic The VV tut** House announces lhat “to protec t American lives.” President Johnson has ordered American troops landed there
Lebanon. Laos, and the Dominican Republic are but three out id dozens of “crises” that have come and gone in th** nearly 30 years since th** end of World war IL i rises that the American people have completely forgotten Only experts and quiz show contestants c an remember when they occurred or what they were supposed to have been about
In retrospect. we can see that they were never c rises al all Nothing was happening in any of those* places that Mistitled the* presidential rhetor if or th** deployment, actual or threatened, of American military forces
The* emptiness of these* crises was apparent to some* observers at the* time Many persons wondered in 195H lor example, what lh** marines could posse lily find to do in Lebanon The re* was no communist subversion there and not even a genuine civil war Th** peaceful Lebanese sunning themselves at th** beach were startled to see the* marine’s wading ashore iii full batt Ie* dress The marines stayed 1112 days and then withdrew, having meanwhile eaten lots of icecream and ogled many pretty girls
Mthough these three situations ended peacefully thcv were part of and lurthei enhanced a dangerous and costlv ritual — the cult of crisis American policy makers in successive adm mist ra lions have moved from crisis to crisis until Hie word itself has lost all meaning and crisis has become Hic norm Seen* t irv td State Kissinger would not feel comfortable unless Ii** had at least two going on some*bere
\mcru ail Presidents have ac tually
known hotter Thus. while Secretary of State* John Poster Dulles in 1955 was foolishly hinting at th** possible use of tactical nuclear weapons to defend Queinoy and Matsu. President Eisenhower wrote in his diary “I have so often been through these periods of strain that I have become accustomed to th** fact that most of the calamities that we anticipate really never occur
President Kennedy wisely observed in a speech in 1%| “We must face th** fact that th** Prntcd states is neither omnipotent rmr omniscient that we cannot impose our will upon th** other 94 percent •*l mankind, that we cannot right every wrong or reverse each adversity, and that therefore there cannot be an American solution to every world problem
The difficulty is that military advisers and military considerations are too strong in polic y making Admirals and generals, quite understandably sinc e it is their profession, want to defend every thing militarily Bec ause th** I S has th** air bases and naval f|e**ts arni marines to act militarily almost •*vcrywlier**, the temptation to do so arises in every situation
\ further difficulty is that no postwar Mnerican President lias been willing to
del'un* America’s vital interests ■ .irefully and rule out what is secondary peripheral or realistically impossible of defense Pulling lo do that each President tunis thai every section of the great globe itself remains in some sense Ins responsibility
\s the latest empty crises in Cyprus and South Vietnam come crowding iii upon him President Kurd faces the same task of pruning away nonessentials that each ol his predecessors flubbed I n less he (brules early what is worth Mncrica’s concern aud what is not, th** crisis managers will soon envelop him
Nr* york T>r*t#v Service
Idlers wontedLife in the margin
By Russell Baker
WASHINGTON - I read in the papers recently that there are 5(H) million marginal people on th** earth I hest* are people the world can't use There is no economic need for them — no lolls, not enough natural resources, not enough arable land, not enough food Socially and economically, they are useless if not worse, since they cause political upheaval, high taxes and slums
It must Im* very dispiriting being one of the world’s marginal people Knowing that the blue-chip people wish you would just disappear cannot help self-esteem; living in the margin must Im* cheerless and demeaning
Even at its best. as in the Knifed States where old people in th** margin dine on pet foods and marginal mothers are tyrannized by welfare bureaucrats, the sustenance offered by a robust state is poisoned by th** bile of the benefactors i’sclessness and idleness stand high on the American tablets of cardinal sin Helplessness is a condition not lightly forgiven, and charity’s reward is a tax deduction
More arid more Americans will become marginal very soon now, if th** economists are correct These are th** people who will have to move off the employment list as inflation shakes down the economy Official economists ore talking about unemployment going as high as ti percent before inflation begins to slow down and pessimists are talking about 7 percent
These are only guesses by people whose guesses have lately been wrong with regularity, but everybody seems to agree that we are going to have to shove more people out into th** cold of th** margin before we stabilize the price of milk
And afterward, what .’ Shall we go on, old style, abusing them as idlers, welfare bums. failures, shameful takers of government handouts, life's losers. people who have let th** country down ’
These traditional views rest on the notion that work is good and that people who work ar**, therefore, good too. and ought not to Im* burdened with th** support of people who don’t work (bad)
.Surely, however, this traditional view fails to recognize economic reality If more people must go into th** margin to halt inflation, then th** people who go ar** doing great service to the state
Th** government should point out that these are people who have made great sacrifices to enlist in the war on inflation They should be honored, not reviled Service in the margin, like service in Vietnam a few years ago. may be an honor largely confined to the luckless, but we can at least refrain from treating it vwth scorn
We might go further toward a truly. sensible policy At present the ranks of marginal people are filled by a sort of draft policy Nobody asks you if you want to become marginal, you are simply plucked out of your life’s work one dav and pressed into the margin
Would it not be sound to follow the military s example by abolishing the draft and switching to a volunteer margin’’ Vigorous recruitment programs might persuade workers in secure jobs to leave them fur service against inflation in the margin All those who now complain about having to work hard to support th** idlers in th** margin should Im* easy targets for recruitment, persuaded .is they* appear to be of tin* pleasures of idleness and th** burdensome nature of work
I am not naive about this I realize that there is a serious obstacle to recruitment This is the national faith in what former President Nixon used to t all the work ethic, a conviction that working is ethical and not working isn’t
The government can ( bange this with lls propaganda machinery What, after all, is so ethical about work when the country is crying out for unemployment to save its economy from being inflated into an unecoiiomy *
If the country needs fewer workers not more, it has every reason to pre.n Ii the nobility of th** non work ethic Lucie Sam needs idlers That should be its slogan
Once we lured into th** margin all the
additional people necessary to save the dollar, what would we do with them * Give them a distinctive lapel button they could Im* proud of I suppose, and some sort of unemployment compensation until Hie crisis passed and then. when enough time had gone I,.,, go hack to
wishing they would disappear Ilk** all old
Russell , Baker