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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa MMResidual question: Nixon guilt punishable? Editorial Page Wednesday, August 14, 1974 Ford off to good start 6 4 r* OMMl NR ATTON, con- COMI cilia illation, compromise and cooperation.” Those four C’s will serve as the cornerstones for the relationship President Ford hopes to build with congress, with a view toward a lasting marriage while he holds the office rather than a short-lived honeymoon. Unless the signs mislead completely, they will also underpin a better relationship than we have known for some time between the presidency and the public, as the new President seeks to salvage something worthwhile from the shattered administration of his predecessor during the last 2^ years of Mr. Nixon’s second term. In other words, the plain-speaking, down-to-earth Mr. Ford is off to a good start, judging from his first two public appearances since he was sworn into office last Friday. Taken together, these two addresses went far to set the tone of the Ford administration — a tone that was just right under the most trying circumstances. In delivering both he came through as a warm human being who cares about other people and wants them to care about him. He displayed a good sense of humor. His informality in the house chamber, where he was familiar with the surroundings, must have endeared him to millions of Americans. Though he could easily have carried that too far, the President did not. Good taste set the limits, as it did with other qualities the speech brought out as well: A firmness that left no question he will always be in charge, but always with an open door and an open ear. For the most part, Americans must have warmly endorsed what he had to say in his message to the joint session of congress: Continued support for the foreign policy laid down by former President Nixon. A proposal for instant wage-price monitoring authority to help tackle inflation head-on as everybody’s No. I problem A balanced budget. Acceptance of senate Democratic leader Mansfield's plan for an economic conference of business and labor leaders with government officials (at which he will personally preside “in full view of the American public”. A proposal for enactment of a national health bill before this session adjourns. Most listeners also must have welcomed his promise to seek enactment of “tough laws to prevent illegal invasions of privacy of both government and private activities.” Animalism overruled In fact, the only item of appreciable concern, with respect to this outline of goals, is Mr. Ford’s failure to include waste in the nation’s military-defense budget as a starting place to put the damper on continuing inflationary trends. The President did stress the continuing need for a strong defense, a point on which he should get no dispute from any loyal American. But even loyal Americans are getting sick and tired of wasteful spending by the military and would like to see it brought up short. As for Mr. Ford’s remarks following the swearing-in ceremony last week, they were right on the button, from his early recognition that he is this nation's first appointive President and needs confirmation through the people’s prayers to this significant paragraph: “My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over. Our Constitution works; our great republic is a government of laws and not of men. Here the people rule. But there is a higher power, by whatever name we honor Him, who ordains not only righteousness but love, not only justice but mercy.” Timely, truthful and well spoken, an impressive note of reconciliation that can guide us all in going forward now together. Contretemps? FROM AN AD (purportedly disseminated nationwide through magazines and papers with a total circulation topping 50 million) soliciting customers for computerized horoscope readings on behalf of the International Astrological Assn.: “Nature’s cosmos imprints each of us at the time of birth — when the umbilical cord is cut. We then become ourselves. Until the cord is cut, we are part of our mother.” Questions: How does that assertion sit with those opposed to liberalized abortion as a public policy on grounds that individuality begins at conception and the fetus is a “person” all the way, not just “part of” the mother? No one against abortion can possibly believe in astrology and still remain consistent with important principles? No rational answers expected. Undisclosable “What party do you affiliate with?” the election clerk asked “Have I gotta answer that *” “If you want a ballot you do.” W ell. then. I don't want no ballot The party I affiliate with ain't divorced yet.” Nebraska Trucker Farewell to smell By Jim Fiebig MAN HAS NEVER been completely comfortable with Darwin's linking of our ancestors to the lower forms of life. While our heads may accept the theory quite readily, on an emotional level we » mbraee it with great reluctance In other words, it i> easier on the ego to irat e our beginnings to a very human Adam and Eve than to some squirrel-like creature rooting about the ground for acorns Those who make their livings by coming up with new consumer products have exploited this quirk in our nature to the fullest There is scarcely a physical vestige of our primitive beginnings that some product does not promise to remove, cover up or cleanse. We shave, wt* brush we gargle and spray We wash. we pluck we paint over and we dab on. We are human beings, thank you l ake a look take a whiff — you'll find riot a trace of the animal here Vet, because these product-makers began with our heads and worked downward. there remained one good and very honest reminder of our humble origins After a long day of parading proudly Jim Fiebig about, one could sigh and remove his shoes and rub his toes and still discover one of the honest aromas that comes from being close to the earth Perspiring feet They were good for our perspective. Perhaps even vital. But now. alas, even the foot is the target of such an onslaught of dehumanizing products that it seems sure to lose its character Montgomery Ward has announced it s taken on a new line of men s socks that have odor-hiding compounds built into the fabric. Another manufacturer is of. fering an antismell innersole that fits into the shoe And of course, there are the foot sprays — if your bathroom has space for one more aerosol can Charles Darwin — where is thy sting? O«f>eroi Feature* Corporation Justice demands no immunity grant By William V. Shannon WASHINGTON - Sen Mike Mansfield of Montana, the majority leader, has made the wise and constructive suggestion that impeachment proceedings should continue against President Nixon despite his resignation Sen Edward Brooke (R-Mass.) has meanwhile put forward the sentimental and wrongheaded notion that congress should pass a resolution urging that Nixon not be brought to trial for any crimes he has committed while in office. The reaction to Mansfield's idea was generally adverse. The response to Brooke’s proposal was much more favorable, though probably not strong enough to get it adopted. The differing reactions to these two suggestions tell much that is both good and bad about American political attitudes and particularly about the moral atmosphere of this capital. On the good side, the charitable attitude toward Nixon’s offenses demonstrates once again that Americans are a generous, amiable people. Our national history has been fortunate; there are no defeated elements in society nursing ancient grudges or old hatred. Our politics, though it has an economic base, is not embittered by the antagonisms of class warfare. Thus it is that Americans arc usually ready to forgive and forget But some undesirable attitudes also shape this viewpoint. There is the monarchical reverence with which too many Americans regard a President. It is as if, once elected, he partakes of the divine right that kings in earlier times were thought to possess. This is far removed from the simplicity of Thomas Jefferson who on the evening of his first day in the presidency stood and waited for a place at the dining table in his boarding house Another unhealthy influence is notably present in Washington, I). C. This is a one-industry town where politicians, senior bureaucrats, lobbyists, and newspapermen work and socialize together William V. Shannon People's forum Profiteers To the Editor The Cedar Rapids Gazette, Aug. I, page 8. column ;i: “Oil Firm Reaps $285 Million in Quarterly Gains." The item tells how Standard Oil of California had earnings for the first six months of 1974 of $578 million, as compared with $335 million a year ago Presumably for the same period of 1973. Now — look at The Gazette of Aug 2. page I, column 5, and we see where Standard Oil of California announced a one-cent increase in the wholesale price of gasoline; the higher price will be passed along to the motorist. This increase, after showing what seems to be a $243 million-plus earnings the first six months of 1974, over the same period of 1973. We've all been told that increased costs of foreign oil imports have cost the oil companies more money the last year. We've also been told that our 55 mph speed limits have saved hundreds of thousands of barrels of crude oil, which in turn means much, much less gasoline sold by the oil companies. One would think that by selling less gasoline, their earnings woul:1 be reduced. Not so, it stains It appears that by pa>ing more for foreign oil and selling less gasoline, they show a $243 million increase in earnings in the first six months of 1974, over the same period of 1973 How come. I ask Seems to me (hat not only is inflation at work here, but something else seems to be rearing its ugly head. Something called profiteering John W Tubbs 23(19 Teresa drive SW Detox funding To the Editor: In regard to the Aug. 9 story of the hospital detoxification being a financial bombshell for the community, I have a suggestion for funds to support it. Use the many thousands of dollars that come back to our community yearly from state , liquor store profits That, to me, is the most logical source of money Profits from liquor va!es SHOULD be used to support detoxification that is made necessary by unwise use of liquor sold by state stores What justification is there for use of this money for any other purpose, such as streets, marls or general fund activities? How about The Gazette carrying an article pointing out what liquor profits msv Only decent course: Let him off gently By William F. Buckley, jr. SEN ROBERT BV rd is quoted as saying that he sees no reason at all why Richard Nixon shouldn’t go to jail if guilty It is fortunate that the people, in their treatment of Senator Byrd, are more forgiving than Senator Byrd is prepared to lie towards Mr Nixon. Mr. Byrd’s indiscretion wasn't a coverup He merely joined the Ko Klux Klan. Come to think of it. my memory is that Senator Byrd then proceeded to cover up his relations with the Klan. Contrary to the argument of some Nixon supporters, it is not true that “they all do it " Most politicians are not corrupt. But it is true that like most people in any industry, they tend to become tolerant of one another's failings. Washington is also an Horatio Alger town. People here are accustomed to the spectacular rise of previously obscure men who have been elected or appointed to high office. The city vicariously enjoys their ascent, their brief years of power and glory, and then accommodates them as permanent has-beens or forgets them altogether if they depart. As a result, many people here can identify with the lifestyle of these transient men of power — their sudden increases in rank and salary, their limousines, their hushed offices and deferential secretaries, their smiling faces at cocktail parties every evening, their children attending expensive private schools. To be deprived suddenly of all that — as the Spiro Agnews were last year and as the Nixons are now to be — to be dropped from every hostess’ party list, to be stripped of offices, secretaries and even (oh. precious perquisite!) one s limousine, to have the dream killed prematurely and abruptly — that seems like punishment enough But this weird inversion of values, this sloppy sentimentality toward men who have betrayed the public trust has no basis in the Constitution or in the ideal of equality that ought to prevail in a republic A prison term for an impeached President — if his offenses merit a criminal penalty — is clearly what the framers of the Constitution intended. They provided in article one. section 3: “Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal are received and how spent by what public bodies? And how much would be needed annually for detoxification? Howard W McKnight 125(1 Thirty-fifth street NE Search service To the Editor: We would like to thank all volunteers, the members of the Linn county sheriff’s search-and-rescue organization and the fishermen in the area of Twin Bridges near Cedar Rapids. Their assistance Sunday, Aug. 4. in locating our father, who had suffered a fatal heart attack while fishing, was most sincerely appreciated. Dean O’Toole family 229 Twenty-first street NW Jack O'Toole family 3857 Soutter court SE Program plans To the Editor. A message concerning the planned programming of this fall's Sesame Street , swift’fcfljpawi Way with words Jobless By Theodore M, Bernstein A LITTLE more than a month ago the question was raised here about the word for a doctor or a dentist whose license to practice has tx*«*n revoked — a word simitar to disbarred for a lawyer and unfrocked for a clergyman Morton I Si rn im of Jenkintown. Pa , says several of his medical arid dentist friends use the word decertified or decertificated. Iii a light moment your host suggested demedicated for a physician, extracted for a dentist and footloose for a chiropodist For a clergyman another wag suggested unsuited Now still another wag, Loren W Smith of Philadelphia, proposes a different term for an ousted ehinqxxlist defected lf not One of the things that make written language and spoken language occasionally quite different is a rise or fall in tonal register, something that written language carmot always indicate The following sentence provides an example. “Senior government officials said that Mr Yariv’s remarks represented a new tone in Israeli statements on the Palestinians if not a from office. . . but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law." (Emphasis added.) Let there In* no more dithering about conferring immunity on Nixon for crimes he committed while in office. The special prosecutor should now allow a grand jury to do what the original Watergate grand jury wanted to do last winter, namely. indict Nixon for conspiracy to obstruct justice. Assuming that he is convicted after a trial. Nixon can then be the recipient of a pardon if President Ford wishes to confer one upon him and upon all the other Watergate defendants as well But clemency must follow conviction. not precede it. The principle of equal justice before the law has already suffered two rude jolts in the cases of Agnew and of former Attorney General Richard Kleindienst. How can judges anywhere in good conscience continue to sentence ordinary men and women to prison if Nixon is also given a “sweetheart” deal? At the same time, as Senator Mansfield has suggested, let the house and senate conclude the impeachment proceedings and render a judgment on his “high crimes and misdemeanors.” For the future “domestic tranquility” of this Republic, it is essential that Nixon not In* allowed to leave office in a manner that leaves either his criminality or his unconstitutional conduct open to any doubt or question — by him, by his supporters, or by sympathetic historians in the distant future. To guard against tomorrow’s myth-makers, let the record be clear and irrefutable. New York Times Service has come to my attention. Dr. Alan Guttmacher (a leader of the planned parenthood, world population and euthanasia movements) and the creators of Sesame Street are planning 28 one-hour shows on health This Dr. Guttmacher and other proabortion spokesmen aided in advising on the* “family planning” segments. They have decided the word “abortion” should be used constantly (in 18 of the 28 shows) in order to “detoxify” the viewing audience from cultural shock of the word After this accomplishment, a dramatic segment follows which involves a pregnant 8-year-old girt (that's eight years old) who will bt* denied an abortion by her mother. Does this riot prove the death peddlers are aiming directly at our children and their minds? To prevent these segments from leaving the planning board, concerned parents and others can write protests to the following: (I) Corporation of Public Broadcasting. 888 Sixteenth street NVY. Washington, I) ('. 20IM18. (2) Children's Television Workshop, No I Lincoln Plaza, New York City, N Y 10023. Margaret Heaveho 18(1 Twenty-second avenue SW SSS v 5*    --J* substantive change in the official position.” As was ".ald here once before, in print it is not possible to tell whether the phrase if not has the sense of but not or the sense til and perhaps. A speaker would leave no doubt about what was meant If he dropped his tone a half note beginning with if not he would indicate that “a substantive change” was not in contemplation On tin* other hand, if he said “a SUBSTANTIVE CHANGE,” lifting his voice and stressing change, he would be suggesting that such a thing was a real possibility. For the writer the solution to tins ambiguity should tx* apparent: Don’t use if not in this kind of context; if you mean but not, say so, and if you mean and perhaps, say so. Word oddities. Elizabeth I) Fetterly of Jonesboro, Ark , who is obviously a word lover, asks whether it would be a legitimate coinage to call people like ber logophiles. Why not? Her word is made up of two Greek roots logo — meaning word, and — phile. meaning liking Not a bad idea Nt»* York Time* SyndM: alf Static Nothing is quite as annoying as lo have someone gi* right on talking when you re interrupting Louisville Coof ie» Jou'mii Richard Nixon s real crime isn t, in my judgment, the kind of thing you bump into on the statute books. It is a cliche that no man is above the law Like many cliches, one must avoid a parsing of it The fact of the matter is that most Presidents an* above many laws, and if they weren't, they wouldn’t Im* able to function in the way we expect them to function. The law Nixon violated — the coverup — is not intrinsically important, viewed as a presidential perspective. Mr Nixon made it important by his denials and by the incredible mismanagement of his case. A prominent New York accountant said privately the other day that he thought the offenses which led to Mr. Nixon’s departure from office were relatively trivial. “He should have been impeached, instead, for being a horse’s ass.” I have, as a matter of delicacy, preferred the euphemism to the term he actually used, which is the term Mr. Nixon used, as revealed in Monday's tapes, to describe Gordon Liddy: the single character in this extraordinary drama who has not been caught telling a lie, in return for which he has been sentenced to go to jail more or less permanently. Understandable It was Mr. Nixon who gave importance to Watergate. Discovering a little scandal in his household — the ill-conceived and ill-executed burglary — he reacted in a way not commendable, but entirely human He tried to keep the knowledge of the involvement of his associates in it from becoming a major public issue. He was wrong to do that, but Presidents of the United States play high stakes, and it is understandable that, when running for re-election, they tend to put their own interests foremost But Mr Nixon proceeded not only to take a certain course of action, but to denounce that course of action publicly. William F. Buckley, jr. He got up there several times before the television cameras and deplored in stentorian tones the coverup He teased the Puritan conscience of America, and loosed the hounds that finally arrived at his door. He demanded loudly that congress and the judiciary investigate, and track down criminality to its lair He was giving the public orders for his own execution Even then, he d have got away with it except for — the tapes So help me God. I d have removed myself to St. Helena rather than permit the public to examine such conversations. Lyndon Johnson revolted television viewers of sensibility bv showing his stomach scar Nixon revolted the public by letting them view his table manners in the Oval Office. Indefensible But assuming that everyone has the right to seek out diligently his own extinction, why do it to your friends and associates? Why permit, as long as he had physical custody over them, the release of tapes wherein he spoke dis-paraglngly about old friends, about people whom he sent to the supreme court, and others he will still send to jail'* He should have taken those tapes, plumed them down on the lawn or the White House, and set a torch to them “This is my property,” he might have said, and you can do what you want to me. Gut you're not going to have access to it lf they had decided then to impeach and convict him for that, al least they’d have done it over a constitutional point Now he has been turned out with the chicken thieves But the notion that he also should bo sent to jail Is not merely cruel, it fails to understand the moral character of the problem Mr Nixon's removal from office was a necessity To send him on to jail is not merely superfluity, ll is sadism And it would contaminate us much more than ii would hurt him It would be an act al once uncivilized and humiliating Let the man go decently Wuihit.ylon Mar Syndic («l» f ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette