Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.

OCR Text

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa llnpitbAfter lengthy strife, a chance for healing Editorial Page Sunday, August ll, 1974 Compromise on DST? NOT OFTEN CAN a group of governors, including some from both political parties, agree unanimously on anything. They are like farmers, newspaper editors and most of the rest of us in that respect. Thus it came as quite a surprise when all the governors attending their Midwestern Governors Conference in Minneapolis last month voted solidly to call for an end to year-round Daylight Saving time. The governors come from states representing a pretty good crosssection — Michigan, Illinois. Wisconsin, Minnesota and Missouri having an urban flavor with most of the other states, like Iowa, being rural. But every last one of the governors there voted alike on the DST question. According to reports, their main concern was over the safety factor. Unquestionably, each governor has been receiving considerable heat from parents of school children who don't want them going to school in the dark. Obviously the governors feel that the safety disadvantages should outweigh the energy-saving advantages in determining the length of DST — and rightly so. However, they took their position in spite of the U.S. department of transportation’s study showing fewer school-age children traffic deaths last January with DST than in January, 1973, without DST. A total of 57 children lost their lives in January, 1974, in pedestrian or pedalcycle accidents, compared to 98 in the same month of 1973. Another governmental agency, the Federal Energy office, reports that it is now possible to estimate energy-saving qualities of DST at from I to 3 percent — probably more in the proximity of I percent. This compares to ll percent savings in energy during World war II when year-around DST and other conservation measures were in effect. The unanimity of Midwestern governors in calling for a return to six-months DST from the end of April through October, will carry considerable impact, although it is doubtful that congress will repeal the present law, which has another year to run. Meanwhile. Americans apparently are growing more accustomed to year-round DST. This was evidenced in the results of a poll taken at the Allamakee county fair recently by Roger Halvorson of Monona, a candidate for state representative. One of his several questions asked for pro or con opinion as to all-year DST. Allamakee is a rural county. Its citizens could be expected to vote overwhelmingly against DST. But those who voted split right down the middle. When the two year DST period ends, we should have more conclusive figures on both safety and energy-saving factors than we have now. If they continue to show a decline in deaths of school children over pre-DST days, and an increase in energy-saving, that would make a good case for year-around DST on a long-range basis. If not, then it would be easy to revert to six-months DST during the summer period or. perhaps, to 0 compromise eight* or IO-mon th period that would exclude the severe winter months. This might prove more satisfactory to more people than six months under DST and six under local standard time. Gas-price gouge bill THE LAST thing anybody needs now is another jump in gasoline prices. That is what we ll get, regardless, if the senate follows through on its commerce committee’s advice and passes a house-approved bill that used to be labeled the “cargo preference” bill but has been euphemized to the “energy transportation security act of 1974 It would require that 20 percent of all petroleum imports be brought to the U.S. in domestic flag tankers instead of mostly in cheaper tankers under foreign registry, notably from Panama and Liberia. By 1977 this percentage would go up to 30. Pure and simple, this is union-lobbied, shipping-lobbied protectionist legislation geared to favor special interests under the guise of headway toward I S. independence from foreign-flag oil shipping. What it would do, inescapably,  "     — J* People’s forumWonderful Iowa visit To tho Editor Please, would you spare nu* a few lines to convey my impressions and thanks for a wonderful three week holiday spent rn the USA., mostly in Iowa? No wonder it means “beautiful land I have had the pleasure over about IT years of writing to my friends. Leis and Will Feickert (route 3. Cedar Rapids). To meet for the first tune and be welcomed into their home was such a wonderful experience, I felt I must try to express publicly some of my feelings My thanks first for a conducted tour of The Gazette, for an interesting tour of the police station, for a chance to go hospital visiting arid admin* the modern layout, for a visit to Kennedy high school that made me wish to go back to learning, for a pastor’s welcome in church and the honor of cutting his anniversary cake, for the friendliness of family and friends I met too numerous to mention Oh, your shops — how I loved to wander, everywhere so clean and the is: (I) Reduce the supply of petroleum available because a lack of U.S. ships would cut down imports. (2) Increase the potential for shortages. (3) Result in retaliation by other countries against U.S. products .just as any other quota, tariff or protectionist ploy does. (4) Raise the cost of importing oil. (5) Contribute further to inflationary prices. (H) Hurt the consumer, who pays in the end. To their credit, all of Iowa s members of congress except Rep. Scherle voted against the cargo preference bill when it went through the house. Opponents in the senate can further justify resistance on the ground that this enactment would go counter to the country’s foreign trade policy and violate a number of existing treaty commitments. If the bill should pass in spite of this, it would become an excellent subject for President Ford’s first veto. shop assistants so friendly and helpful But so many goods — with only a 44-pound wright allowance on th** plane I really had to curb my spending The generosity of your people is something I shall remember always Your friendliness to visitors has made me reali/e we need to forget to be reserved and welcome our tourists with open arms, ITI remember, too, the extravagance and waste in this instant, throw-away, new world Everywhere I was struck by the smart and colorful men If only I could get my husband into pink trousers, pink shirt. pink tie. But thankfully our younger generation is more flamboyant, and my son so thrilled with the blue check punts I took him home. I do feel that more good conies from these meetings of ordinary folk to promote more understanding between nations than the meetings of heads of state achieve At least we learn there s more to America than the Kennedy family, Nixon and Watergate, and you ll apprec iate there’s more to England than fog, hot tea with milk and William Shakespeare I wonder if American women realize how lucky they are. but perhaps even I am spoilt — not many husbands would let their wives go off half-way across the world alone After I ve repaid my host and hostess with a holiday of showing them our won* By James Reston WASHINGTON — The capital took the news with remarkable serenity, almost as if it had lost a President but found itself In the last ll years, it has seen one President murdered, another choose, under attack, not to run again, and a third driven from office. So it was vaguely sad. but at the same time it was almost unanimously relieved that the dark riddle of the Nixon administration had finally passed The relief was tangible in the private comments even of the President’s c abinet and most loyal supporters in congress, and in the faces of the people who gathered quietly outside the iron palings around the White House. The fears of an uncertain result, of division, bitterness and recrimination, and of a long trial of a paralyzed President, so menacing only a few short days ago. had been avoided. And the nation’s political institutions, so long under skeptical attack, had held together and come out with a clear dec ision and a fairly united people. In the end, Mr. Nixon did, as he had done so many times before, what he said he would not do. As he had switched on China, the Soviet Union, on economic policy, executive privilege, and many other things, he abandoned his threat to fight both impeachment and conviction. “Leaders should guide as far as they can, and then vanish,” II (I. Wells once wrote* “Their ashes should not choke the fires they have lit.” Almost all Nixon’s friends gave him this advice, and finally he took it. What has been the effect of all this on the nation, its people, its political parties and other institutions, and its relations with the rest of the world0 These* were the questions that were tieing asked here even before Nixon resigned Sympathy foreseen The personal and practical questions of leadership are unprecedented in the history of the Republic. There are HHH days to go before the* end of the term Nixon was elected to fulfill by the largest popular majority in the history of American presidential elections — two years and 5l£ months. The* nation will be* led in this period, including the 200th anniversary of the* Declaration of Independence on July 4. 197H. by President Gerald Ford and a vice-president yet to be chosen, neither of whom will have* been elected by the people of the United States — a situation that was not foreseen, and probably would have startled the founding fathers Nevertheless, the outlook is that Ford will have the greatest support and sympathy, even if not elected by popular ballot, of any President since Lyndon Johnson took over the White House after the assassination of President Kennedy. In Washington, there is already a marked change. Nixon was a secretive, furtive, arid fundamentally intricate man. who regarded the congress and the press as his enemies. Ford is just the opposite: open, uncomplicated and modest. He is conservative and partisan, but he has spent most of his mature life in the give-and-take of the house, and regards the majority Democratic leaders not only as powers that have to be dealt with, but as his personal friends. His tastes are simple, his ambitions limited, his method open and trustful He regards this whole drama as an accident, in which he now has to play a ride* far beyond his ambitions or desires, and in the life of his family, this astonishing turn of events has come at the wrong time. At HI. he has gut beyond all ambition. M dust impfr SRBikeways in fact, has achieved far beyond his dreams. He was planning to retire to private life, on a promise to his wife, even before Nixon picked him as vice-president. There are even reasons for believing now. though he would never admit them, that he will regard himself as an interim President, who would try to bring about the reconciliation of the country in the next two years, and then retire. In the nation, the spirit of the people may very well be going with Ford — at least for the time being. It has gone through a long period of division over Vietnam and Watergate, and is tired of contention, and is longing for a little peace and quiet. There is a strong feeling hen* that Ford could be an ideal President in such a time. Just as Coolidge took over after the scandals of the Harding administration, and quietly calmed things down and created an atmosphere that kept the Republicans in power for another nine years, Ford has a chance to revive the fortunes of the Republicans in the election years of 1974 and 197H Meanwhile, Watergate has had its effects on the country as a whole, and Ford, with his simple moral approach to the presidency, may be very much in touch with the mood of the country. Though he is a party man. he is likely to support reform in campaign financing, preservation of personal privacy, and strict control over the integrity of the Internal Revenue Service, the FBI. and the CIA lh* will be cautious about change, and will probably keep most of the Nixon cabinet for a while, particularly at the departments of state, defense and the treasury. But he is not overly enthusiastic about Attorney General Saxbe, so there will be no political control of justice before long, and like Truman, he is likely to change most of his cabinet before the end of the yearIInintimidated One of the interesting things about Ford, though he is no intellectual, is that, unlike Johnson and Nixon, he does not feel uncomfortable or threatened by exceptional talent. In this, he is more like President Truman, who could trust the sophisticated minds of Acheson and Lovett and bring into the cabinet strong men like General Marshall. This is really the main question in Washington now:    How will Ford approach his new responsibilities0 It is clear that he will keep Kissinger at state, but who will be his vice-president, and his chief of staff in the White House? These are the questions now being asked in the capital. The front runner for vicepresident, with the backing of Mel Laird, is former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller, but there is a lot of support for George Bush, the chairman of the Republican national committee, who is young arid attractive and could he a candidate for the presidency in 197H, if given a chance at the vice-presidency now All this, however, is speculative. The main thing is that even the thought of a Ford presidency has changed the mood here, and increased the hope for a more open, candid, and cooperative presidency. New York Times Service History's sobering scope-sight A-bomb decision was political’ By Norman Cousins THIS PAST Tuesday marked the 29th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. The terrifying question asked at the time ha * still not been put to rest Was the bombing necessary? The answer given at the time by President Harry S Truman and his associates was that the bombing was necessary in order to avoid a land invasion of Japan with a cost of hundreds of thousands of lives. The historical evidence, however, points in a different direction. The evidence begins with the Yalta Conference in February, 1945. President Franklin I) Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin met at a villa on the* Soviet Black sea coast to consider questions of common strategy. Roosevelt put maximum pressure on Stalin to open up a second front against Japan. Roosevelt had been heavily criticized by congress and the press because the United States was fighting on two overseas fronts whereas the Soviet Union was engaged only on its western land front, Roosevelt told Stalin the United States felt justified in asking for a Soviet commitment to join in the war against Japan. Stalin argued that the Soviet Union was Norman Cousins derful country so full of history , so small and quaint, I ll Im* saving again to return to your wonderful land Mav God bless America Anne Jones Worcester. England To the Ed lie-' An article in the Aug 4 Gazette bv Steve Belle pointed to public apathv as one of the hang ups in regard to the building of bicycle paths It is my opinion that it isn t so much a case of public apathy as it is apathy on the part of our city and county officials I arn quite sure that the public didn't have to solicit new cement roads when the automobile came on the scene as a permanent mode of travel, in fact. I am certain that public views are overlooked many times, as was the case when I-THD became a reality and we had so many families disrupted in spite of their protests — and for what0 A piece of cement that will allow people to travel 55 mph between Iowa City and Waterloo If there have been petitions presented lo the city council, it would seem to me that those would be enough of a driving force to get the city to move in the right direction concerning our future inode of travel Besides bikeways, to be used exclusively for bikes, streets an be posted as bikeways so motorists will bt* on the alert for bikes. Additional strips also can be put on either side of existing roads, or portions of existing roads even can Im* marked off for bikes with a possibility of eliminating some car parking. Other cities and states are far ahead in bikeways due to enterprising officials who can see into the future. Wouldn’t it he great if everyone who was able could ride a bike to work? Think how many parking places would Ik* released to motorists who can’t ride bikes. Please, let s not wait until we have one. five, or ton people killed due to our shortsightedness Let s act now and remember tho old slogan “Try it —• you’ll like it Kenneth I, Rosendahl 1422 Eighth street NYVCivic center To the Editor I know this is an old story in Cedar Rapids, but after siring a terrific show Mitzi Gaynor — “Theater of the Stars” — and tile |x*ople who turn out for such events in Atlanta, I can’t help wonder why our city votes down a civic center, in the area first planned by Mr Erie Skog-man on First avenin* I rue. Atlanta is a big cliv. hut Fill sure we would do just as well in Cedar Rapids Mrs Robert Wiles I YOU Oakland road NE hearing most of the brunt of the Nazi military onslaught and that it would be unwise and dangerous to take a single Russian soldier off his western front. Roosevelt continued to press the point. Finally. Stalin agreed that, once Germany was defeated, Russia would dispatch all of its forces to the Far East and would become a full partner in the war against Japan. Roosevelt asked for a specific date. It was agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war in the Far East 90 days after the war ended in Europe. Now. consider the following: I The war against Germany ended on May 8. 1945. Under the terms of the Yalta agreement, therefore, the Soviet Union was to join the fight against Japan by Aug. 8. 1945 2. On July 1H. 1945. the United States secretly and successfully tested its first nuclear explosion in New Mexico This meant we had a weapon with the capability of putting a swift end to the war. 3. It was at about this time that U S. intelligence intercepted a secret message from Tokyo to Moscow in which Japan asked the Soviet Union, then not yet at war with Japan, to act as intermediary in seeking peace terms from the United States. 4 Stalin did not inform Washington of Japan s request for peace terms. The reason was obvious: Stalin knew from the message he received that Japan was on the brink of defeat. He saw an easy opportunity to establish a claim on the occupation of Japan at bargain prices 5. President Truman, knowing everything that Stalin knew, wanted to knock Japan out before Russia entered the war in The Far Fast under the terms of the Yalta agreement. He wanted a Japanese unconditional surrender and he wanted it before Aug. 8. A negotiated peace with Japan was rejected because there was not enough time to complete such negotiations before the Soviet entry into the war. H Leading I S nuclear scientists who developed the world s first atomic explosives sent a letter in July, 1945, to President Truman on the implications of atomic warfare. Ultimatum Truman had only recently come to office following the death of EDR The scientists feared that the President might not have lx*en fully briefed about the nature of the new weapon. They believed it important to raise profoundly moral questions about the use of a single explosive that could obliterate an entire city Moreover, they believed that the use of the bomb would make it difficult to head off a world atomic arms race after the war. At the very least, tin* scientists urged the President to hold a demonstration of tin* power of the bomb, perhaps at a spot somewhere in the Pacific ()c‘*an, on the basis of which an ultimatum could lie is sued to Japan Japanese representatives aud international observers would lo* permitted to witness the demonstration. If Japan did not heed the ultimatum, she would have to bear the responsibility for the use of the bomb against her people. Truman rejected the plea of the atomic scientists. It became obvious later that the reason was that there was not enough time to make all the elaborate arrangements for a demonstration and an ultimatum in a few weeks remaining before the Aug. 8 deadline.Deadline 7. The United States proceeded at full speed with its knockout plans. Hiroshima was hit by an atomic bomb on Aug. H (Aug. 5 Japanese time). Our ears were tuned in for sounds of unconditional surrender. The sounds we heard from Tokyo were not to our complete liking and we proceeded to bomb Nagasaki three days later. The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, therefore, were designed primarily to beat a deadline. It was primarily a political rather than a military decision. In January, 1949. I interviewed Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Tokyo. He said that all the information available to him indicated that Japan had decided, shortly after Germany’s surrender, to give up the fight and that an invasion would not have tx*en necessary to end the war. What the bomb did, MacArthur said was to obliterate Japan’s bargaining position with respect to peace terms Further evidence is to he found in Dwigh I). Eisenhower’s book, “Crusade ii Europe ”. General Eisenhower wrotr that, once Germany was defeated, the bu n<H*d was to finish off Japan before th< Soviet Union came into the war in the Fai East. It may be argued that the politic; decision to use the atomic bomb o human beings was necessary in order I give the United States an upper hand i the coming struggle with the SovU Union for a world balance of power. Bi this is completely different from sayin that we dropped the bomb to spar casualties in an invasion. Lot us be honest with ourselves. Di f leu It though it may be to come to tern with the fact, the use of nuclea explosives on Hiroshima and Nagasal may tx* regarded by later generations « one of the gravest mistakes in America history. Angeles Ti ‘■yndtcateIsn t it the truth? Wv suffering citizens must not Im* fair We should recognize that it is entirely true that congress is un asso Hon of self servers and hypocrites. ( •some of the members of the species I o rn acus Kxotieus help themselves on casion. say one thing arid do another rest of them say it and don’t do a tim God has given you one foce, and you make yourselves another " — William Shakespeare InlerOtean Pre** Syndicate ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette