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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 1, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa th* Mm tnpids ©njH+r Nixon gains slightly after bottoming out Editorial Page Thyriday, August I, 1974 Teaching without preaching PUBLIC' EDUC ATION innova-tors in Iowa reportedly are looking with favor on the possibility of working more instruction on religion into public school curricula for Iowans, as other states have done. They stress that this would be a course of study ABOUT religion, about many religions — not an effort to indoctrinate anyone in any particular religion. With that approach, on that explicit understanding all the way. it has the makings of a good idea. In spite of what the general impression is concerning court debarments of “religion in the schools,” it also clearly would be legal. Church-state separation remains a constitutional mandate. as always. All the courts have done is make it clear that prayers PRESCRIBED by the state may not be forced on anybody in the public schools. To learn about religions — what they are, what they've done, what they mean to their believers — is a far different thing than being taught them as a faith, than hearing that a given body of belief is true, correct or best The distinction is crucial Handled carefully in schools, it No dearth of schemes has a potential for spreading some good. Why now, if never in the past? The climate is better. Many of the young have shown a rising interest. Traditional indoctrination from the home has slackened Organized religion manifests new shrinkage. Meanwhile, crime is on the rise, its roots in a declining sense of morality and a widening decline of people's respect for others. The need for strengthenings of spirit has increased. Religion, even neutrally exposed, taught about rather than preached, can introduce a helpful element quite evidently lacking now in many young lives. The time is right for this approach The odds favor more good than harm. The great need first is teachers who can bandit1 such a course by blending inspiration and neutrality without the narrow zealot’s touch that would invalidate and wreck it. Finding the right kind of teachers, preparing them and giving them some running room in public school social studies programs is a goal worth reaching for now . Specter ignored By Don Oakley T HF] WORLD has to be just a little mad. • American farmers, hoping to force a rise in the price of wheat, are withholding vast quantities of the winter wheat crop. Only about LMI percent of the harvest has reached the market, where norma lh it would be till percent at this time of year • Chicken producers also in an effort to “improve" prices, are not storing their product but are destroying ba bv chicks by the thousands • Cattlemen, facing financial disaster because of depressed prices, recent Iv appealed to the government for aid. Agriculture Secretary Carl L. But/, testifying before the house agriculture committee, warns that the Toited States will not “stand idly by and become the dumping ground for the world s surplus meat. “ In the meantime. • Millions of Africans living in the vast Sahel region below the Sahara face starvation in one of the worst droughts in history • The senate select committee on nutrition and human needs is told that in the world s wealthiest nation, as much as one-third of the dog and cat food sold in city slums is eaten by people. • Tin* ordinary housewife, visiting the supermarket weekly or even dally, no longer knows what her food bill is going to lie Everything. With the possible exception of meat, keeps going up and up and up. How can there be inflation for food consumers and deflation for food producers*’ Since when did the world have such an excess of grain that American farmers cannot get what they consider a fair price for if’ Where dill the world get such a surplus of meat that affluent America becomes a “dumping ground" for it? When did the much* warned-about specter of world famine vanish — if it did? The fact is. of course, that people the world over are starving or are existing on substandard diets The fact is that for millions, meat is an unobtainable luxurv The fact is that people starve, not lust because they don't have food, but b«*eause they don't have tin* money to buy food The fact is. in short, that economics, not the absolute quantity of foodstuffs produced in tin* world, determines who eats what and how well they eat I ii 111 the world somehow puts its economic house in order ami learns how to reconcile the laws of economics with the demands of human equity, it will continue to witness the unconscionable spectacle of widespread want existing side bv side with plenty. B nte People's forum Intolerable To the Editor: President Roosevelt started the deficit sanding (and inflation) in the IMO" and told the people not to worry about the public debt because it. was owed to ourselves This was all right until the people buying the government I Kinds began to realize that with the low interest rates (2-3 percent), after they paid taxes on the interest they weren't keeping up with inflation During the* intervening years the government has had to raise interest rates continually to finance the public debt until today the treasury is paying well over H percent for part of its financing requirements. I not her View Please, Walter, not the I I o'clock news That * why we re up here." Because of the severe inflation it is causing, it is obvious continuous deficit spending in peacetime can no longer Ik* tolerated Yet even in Iowa, when* we benefit relatively little from the big federal spending, some of our congressmen in Washington vote for every welfare spending toll that is offered It might be questioned whether the campaign money they receive from outside Iowa influences their vote Each person should make his own analysis, but Culver and Me/vinsky look the worst on the* basis of their voting records lf these programs that they champion are so wonderful, they should tie funded on a state and local level, and then the people would be interested in getting their money's worth. As it is everyone is trying i«. get something for nothing and the country s money system is going to the dogs, Looking at the voting records, it is obvious a good many incumbents should be retired iii the fall election. M IV Holler 2<MI Tucker street, Hiawatha Assistance To the Editor Last Thursday (.July 23) while the neighbors were taking our young son to Hic hospital, their car ran out of gasoline They started to walk arid soon flagged a passing motorist to help them \ woman stopped and look them oil to the hospital We are very grateful to tins kind lady especially in these times when most |M*ople don't want to get involved Alter a short stay iii the hospital fred is getting along fine now Mr and Mrs Earl Seltrecht, jr Palo By Louis Harris The Harris Survey As PRESIDENT Nixon headed for the most crucial test of Ins career iii the house of representatives, his over all job rating from tile American people stood at 28 percent positive. HS percent negative — up three percentage points from his standing iii .lune, when he equaled his all-time low I'his latest rating was taken aller his trips to tin* Middle East and tit Russia, but jus! before the supreme court ruling Iii yield While House tapes to the Watergate investigators and the 27 to ll vote on impeachment in the house judiciary committee. Basically, the President s popularity has not changed significantly from the position of low esteem to which he plummeted last winter. Here is the trend on the key question asked periodically by the Harris Survey most recently to a cross-section of 1.4-17 people nationwide, between July 17 arid How would you rote the job President Nixon is doing os President — excellent, pretty good, only fair, or poor?" Good Onlv fan Not lent Door July, 19/4 29 68 3 June 26 71 3 May 32 66 2 April 31 67 2 March 26 71 3 February 29 68 3 January 30 68 2 November. 1973 37 61 2 October 32 64 4 July 42 54 4 June 48 49 3 March 59 39 2 Feb 60 39 I \s has been the case throughout his tenure iii office, the President's best marks were received iii the area of foreign policy, with a thumping Ha-32 percent majority giving him a positive rating on working for peace iii the world While iii percent give him high iii.irks on “handling relations with Russia a higher Vt percent tell that way before Ins trip to Moscow When asked specifically to rate his summit meeting with Lenora! Secretary Brezhnev, the public gave him 48-43 percent negative marks Mr Nixon s lowest ratings were still to Im* found tin his handling of the impeachment and Watergate-related matters On “handling tin* Watergate case lit* came up with an 84-12 percent negative standing On handling the Watergate tapes.' he stood at 82-13 percent negative. On the question of “the way he is cooperating wit Ii impeachment proceedings, he received 78-18 percent negative scores On the pivotal issue of his ability to “inspire confidence personally in the White House. Mr Nixon emerged from this poll with an 81-13 percent negative standing. This was up slightly from the all-time low for Mr Nixon recorded in .lune. when it was 84 ll percent negative \ significantly high H4 percent gave the President a rating of “poor" on the issue of “inspiring confidence iii the White House.” iii order to assess iii some depth how people feel about him during tins crucial period, the cross sect mn was asked this series of questions Let mf- read you *ome statement* about President Noon For each. tell me if you tend to ogree or disagree (Reod statements) July June M' 'v Positive He is trying to do his best in on almost impossible lob Agree Disagree Not sure He has been the victim of unfair attacks by the news media Agree Disagree Not sure He is a man of high integrity Agree Disagree Not sure Negative He does not inspire confidence as a President should Agree Disagree Not sure He has lost so much credibility it will be hard for him to be accepted as President again Agree Disagree Not sure He has not been honest about the financing of his houses in San Clemente and Key Biscayne Agree Disagree Not sure Louis Harris 55 52 57 39 42 37 6 6 6 47 42 47 45 48 43 R IO IO 35 34 40 53 55 50 12 11 to 69 24 7 75 18 7 61 20 19 72 21 7 FIO Ii 6 63 21 16 67 28 7 73 20 7 58 23 19 Iii each case. Mr Nixon moved up somewhat from his low point iii public esteem in lune. Dut lie still lagged behind his standing iii May The survey primarily demonstrates that the events el Hie past month have neither appreciably helped nor hurt his position The President's trips abroad have intl caused people to forget Watergate. (in the other hand, the disclosures of tilt* past few weeks from the house judiciary committee do not appear to have discredited Mr Nixon iii the public view any further The chances are that public opinion in assessing Hic hard Nixon now has nearly reached a stasis, at least until congress makes a definitive judgment. A majority of his countrymen would apparently not find it difficult to accept a verdict of guilty and his removal from office, lf he should be exonerated, there would undoubtedly tie a surge to reunite behind him But in that case, the President would have to achieve major gains in his standing with his constituents to govern successfully during the remainder of his term igo T(.bi NCA York News wmmmm&w rn*. - The albatross 'mmmm OIL (TO FA NI CX Continental shelf oil drilling: Should the U.S. go for broke? By Congressional Quarterly VV The Arguments Vc. PRESIDENT NIXON has noted that the “undiscovered oil and gas beneath our outer continental shelf carl provide a significant portion of the energy necessary to make us self-sufficient" But Democratic Sen Henry Jackson of Washington feels the administration has not moved fast enough. “Despite a year of shortages" he says, “the administration s leasing effort is still too small and too slow." Deputy Endersecretary of the Interior Jared ( arter told Congressional Quarterly that with oil becoming harder to find on shore. “The (K S lands should be develop'd rapidly because they offer the greatest potential for adding to our domestic oil and gas resources base Hr* argued that drilling off shore would mean cheaper oil prices than if exploration focused on drilling deeper on-shore wells, and that off-shore development carried lower environmental risks than other potential energy sources like surface-mined coal and oil shalt* F rank N Ikard. president of tilt* \mcrican Petroleum Institute, argued that the chance of oil spills was vcrv slight — claiming that there had been only four major spills from 18 (ion offshore wells Ikard arid < arter maintained that tin* oil industry had developed technology since the massive 1888 oil spill iii the Santa Barbara channel to prevent most spills and clean up those winch occurred The nation should develop its off-shore oil and gas resources to protect it against future boycotts ami to ease balance-of-puymerits problems. Duke It [agon an assistant director nl tho Federal Energy xii I ll I II1S.I r.it ion told ( (J ll** maintained (bat development of tin* off-shore lands would In* slow enough to permit states to plan for tin- required ou-shore facilities Coogrtfcvonai Quarterly TASHI\(»T0N — The search for new energy supplies has moved (hr* battleground between environmentalists and the energy industry to the sloping continental shell under the Atlantic (Kean and the (lull' of Alaska. Ecologists believe the shelf contains massive reserves of oil and natural gas that could help the nation become independent of foreign energy supplies. F,sinuated reserves in ihe Ivso frontier areas total between 13 billion and 2H billion barrels of oil and 70 trillion to 140 trillion cubic feet of gas. I S. consumption in 1073 was H billion barrels of oil and 2-3 trillion < ubic feet of gas In little more than one year. President Nixon has tripled the amount of acreage to Im* leased on the continental shelf from one million to ten million acres. The Gazette's opinion What s in it for us? IN VIRTUALLY every environmental affray that ever erupted, the people arguing ecology's ease have been accused of spouting off emotionally but unwisely. Furiously, however, the outer-continental* shell oil hassle finds petroleum interests venting most of the steam. Delay tapping the oil reservoirs oil the Atlantic coast and pretty soon we ll be importing half our oil — most of it at cut-throat prices from the crafty Arabs — oil company spokesmen argue, in effect. The proffered reward for doing it Big Oil's way. of course, ts to enjoy both self-sufficiency in petroleum acquisition and reasonable fuel prices. To tin* lay man w ho longs for regular gas at J2 ll cents per gallon, the proposal to shoot the works in exploiting the ors wells is highly tempting. The promise of foolproof safeguards against massive oil spills heightens the attraction. F'.xtracting (K S oil seems a lesser priority, though, when one understands that the price of a ti Hup will not slip much below $10 no matter how much oil reaches these shores or is brought from underneath As profit margins of tilt* oil industry's so-called Big Seven suggest. the pricing setup that finds gasoline ultimately costing 52 eents-plus is not to be tampered with. Beyond the industry's patriotic pitch, then, are these realities instead of being on the verge of running out of oil, the United States has never en loved finer expectations; geologists estimate that up to two trillion barrels of oil are encased in shale rock in Colorado Utah and Wyoming, an amount six times greater than ail proved reserves of crude oil on earth Liven their hefty capital, oil companies should manage to develop technology for tapping those western oil fields without pushing Hie ultimate price ol fuel much above the bloated costs now alleged to he unavoidable. Meantime, oil from the customary sources, plus the pending pipeline flow from north Alaska, should keep U.S. motors throbbing. What makes Die continental shelf oil fields so alluring, of course, is that the $24(1 billion worth of petroleum would be relatively cheap to tap — for the lappers, that is. Enhancing their economic outlook is tile U.S. Geological Survey ’s “core drilling for basic geologic data. which, conducted at the tax payers' expense will yield oil companies a mother lode of free informal ion. This is not to argue that outer continental shelf oil is dispensable T he point is that open season on all undersea reserves should wait until environmental tradeoffs crystallize. Contrary to what the oil lobby is saying, the issue is no emergency. F]nv ironpiental risks of off-shore development include the possibility of massive oil spills, smaller day-to-day spills from drilling operations and tin* impact on the coastal zone of the rt fineries, tank farms and petrochemical plants thai would be built to process the oil. Environmentalists and many coastal slate residents view development of the new off-shore areas in the context of the large oil spills which fouled beaches and destroyed wildlife in the late 1880s It was the enormous spill in California's Sarita Barbara channel iii 1889 that helped sensitize tin* nation to environmental concerns The issue iii the energy-environmental struggle is not whether the off-shore resources should Im* exploited, but bow fast. Should the fields be developed as quickly as possible? The Arguments NO /'J OAST AL STATF! members of Vy congress and environmentalists are urging that off-shore development in the new areas be delayed until tin* possible environmental effects can be weighed. How can we possibly know if New Fairland s fishing and tourist industries are worth risking iii order to drill on the outer continental shelf?” asked Hep Michael J Harrington, a Massachusetts Democrat. I here should fie careful planning Indore we rush headlong into massive IH S development." said Sen Alan ('Tailspin (IM alif I F ormer Democratic (iov Philip Doff of Vermont, now chairman of the \meriean-( allodian Energy Consortium, agreed:    It is imperative that we have a crash program in marine biology research before a crash program iii (m s development." Environmentalist-- are skeptical of the oil industry s claim that it could clean up oil spills Clean up technology has never worked iii heavy seas such as those iii the \tldiitir ocean declared Ann Roosevelt, legislative director for Friends of the Earth Richard Hahn of the Sierra Club told CQ that a I niversity ol Oklahoma study bad found that a major device lo prevent oil spills had failed to percent of the time Often lie said, Hie dev lee was not even installed iii undersea wells. Although massive spills an* a serious problem Roosevelt said. “chronic spills are the major prohU iii They really haven't been studied much at all The little spills might Im* extremely toxic." I.ahu added that off shore oil would not solve the energy crisis Esing the lower estimate of off-shore reserves. Latin claimed Rial the oil under the Mluntie would Im- sufficient to supply I fie country for only a year and a half at present consumption rates C orig' esMonat Qua' I , ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette