Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Never Too Late for Type A Sufferers
By Meyer Friedman, M.D. and Ray H. Rosenman, M.D.
We have spoken on scores of occasions during these past ten years to many thousands of physicians in the U.S., Canada, the United Kingdom, and Europe.The great majority of these physicians, presented
(Fourth in a series)
with the clinical and scientific data that \ve have described so far, have been quite ready to accept the probability that there is something about Type A behavior pattern that makes it a major factor in intensifying coronary artery disease and bringing on coronary heart disease permaturely.
But then they frequently ask us a question that neither we nor anyone else can yet answer: Can you prevent the onset of coronary heart disease in a Type A person if he changes or markedly ameliorates his behavior pattern?
It is the same question asked of cancer specialists: Can a heavy cigaret smoker avoid suffering from lung cancer in the future if he gives up cigaret smoking now?
What is really being asked is this: Is it too late to prevent coronary heart disease (or lung cancer) by eliminating the agents that have been fairly well demonstrated to be inducing these disorders.
The answer has been the same since the days of Hippocrates. If you find the cause or one of the causes of a disease and are able to remove that cause without serious harm to the patient, remove it, no matter what ttye stage of the disease.
This is the principle that makes physicians plead with alcoholics to quit drinking even if their liver is already
enlarged. It is the same principle that makes lung specialist urge even those of their patients who have already had a cancerous lung removed not to smoke.
Acting on this same principle, we strive just as hard to alter the Type A behavior pattern of a sixty-year-old patient who has already suffered one or more heart attacks as we do the Type A behavior pattern of an otherwise seemingly healthy individual thirty-five years old. We will never, never believe that it is ever too late to aid such a person by taking away one of the major causes of his disorder.
In the next few years, large groups of type A subjects will probably engage in tests during which half will be given therapy and counsel in order to ameliorate or abolish their Type A behavior pattern. The other half will not be treated, and will serve as a control.
This experiment will furnish the scientific proof many of our colleagues have insisted upon. These subjects then will be studied frequently over the, years. We are already confident results will show that those persons who do alter their Type A behavior pattern will invariably be the better for it. It will never be too late to do them some good.
We are sure that they will prove to be far more resistant to the future cost of coronary heart disease than their untreated, unchanged Type A counterparts.
In our own private practice during the past few decades, those who suffered a second heart attack or who died suddenly were not the coronary patients who reformed, but rather the patients who either could not or would not alter their Type A behavior pattern.
Lutheran President Makes Peace Offer to Dissidents
RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — The of the faculty did not have any president of the Lutheran serious doctrinal deviations or Church-Missouri Synod appears positions.” to have offered an olive branch Mueller, who has differed to feuding sides in a doctrinal with Preus on the doctrinal dispute in the 2.8-million matter, says the church prob-
m em ber denomination.
At a news conference Monday on the closing day of the four-day convention of the Southeastern district, Dr. Jacob Preus said he was anxious to “place” seminary students who bolted in February from the church’s Concordia seminary in St.
He said constitutional provisions would have to be met in p^pjg on top 0f the pryamid .allowing the students to return an(j ^ jea(jers on tjjC bottom, to the seminary but .hat each we can get something done.” side” in the dispute ‘ has ^ bend.”
lems can be solved if the confusion over positions of power can be resolved.
“Get People on Top”
In essence, the church’s approach to control functions is congregational but also tied to doctrinal guidance from the governing body of the denomination.
Mueller said “once we get the
The difference is that the re-
One of Mueller’s responsibilities in the doctrinal dispute will be to seek accreditation for some of the Seminex students.
the students would have to accept certification.
The students, along with a majority of the faculty, since have formed a “seminary' in exile, called Seminex,” and have refused to follow the dictates of the seminary’s board of control, thus adding to the constitutional tangle of the doctrinal matter.
The district convention voted to continue funding seminarians at Seminex and to allow congregations to seek Seminex pastors through the district president, Dr. Charles Mueller of Silver Spring, Md.
No Schism Seen
The action, which can be used only with seminarians from the district, is the only way local churches could get around a synodical dispute that prevents calls to non-accredited der-1 gymen.
‘Hi and Lois’ Author Named Top Cartoonist
NEW YORK (UPI) - Cartoonist Dik Browne, author of the comic strips “Hi and Lois” and “Hagar the Horrible”, won the National Cartoonists’ Soci
ety’s Reuben award as the best, As serious as the differences cartoonist of the year Monday! are between theological conser- night.
vatives and liberals in the i The Reuben award is named
church, Preus said he doesn’t after the late Rube Goldberg,
see the conflict leading to a noted for his intricate cartoons
As far as doctrinal differences with the faculty are concerned, Preus said a background report
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Most physicians reviewing their own experience agree with us that it is probably never really too late to try to rid a coronary patient of his sense of time urgency or of his free-floating hostility.
Before getting too far in this chapter, let us be candid about certain matters. First, in the majority of cases, Type A behavior pattern can be altered and altered drastically; and it is a terribly dangerous delusion to believe otherwise.
Certainly any phenomenon that flourishes as does this pattern in certain milieus (the U.S., Finland, and England, for example) is almost nonexistent in others (Yemen, southern Italy, and Africa, for example) cannot be ascribed solely to genetic predestination.
Second, it is probably a symptom of the disorder itself that induces many subjects suffering from Type A behavior pattern to believe that, regardless of their habits, they will still be lucky enough to escape the results.
“Yes, I know that many of my habits are bad and they probably do cause heart disease in a lot of fellows, but I’m probably not going to be one of those fellows.” This is the sort of head-in-the-sand philosophy with which hundreds of thousands of middle-aged Type A subjects now delude themselves.
Third, no mass attack can be effectively launched against Type A behavior pattern until a major proportion of our medical colleagues not only recognize its overriding importance in hastening the onset of coronary heart disease but are willing to work to convince their patients of it.
We do not mean to imply that most internists are not suspicious of the possible dangers of Type A behavior pattern. Most of them do suspect that it probably plays a part in bringing on or at least worsening the degree of coronary artery disease already present. But usually they content themselves with
just advising their patients to “slow down” or “relax.”
In the last analysis, it is you, the Type A subject, who must accept the major responsibility in wrenching yourself loose from the habits you may have learned to view as virtues.
Of course we will try very hard in succeeding paragraphs to offer guidance and techniques of a kind that have helped others and can help you in freeing yourself from the thralldom of Type A behavior pattern. But neither we nor your own doctor can force you to seek this freedom. It is you who must take the steps to liberate yourself.
Root of Success?
Many of you who now suffer from Type A behavior pattern have probably always considered that it was doing you good in the sense that it was directly responsible for whatever successes you achieved.
To point out that, on the contrary, you have become enslaved to a rigid complex of stereotyped thoughts and habits that actually impeded your progress in life may at first glance seem absurd. But let us look a bit more closely at your life.
First, review your successes. How often were they really due to impatience? Were you ever promoted or did you achieve success in your job, position, business, or profession because you did things faster than anyone else? Or because you easily became hostile or belligerent?
We have questioned hundreds of men who have been successful in various economic or professional positions. Not a single one of these men. when asked to deliberate a bit about the causes of their success, ever concluded that any component of Type A behavior pattern had been significantly responsible.
Copyright ® 1974 by Meyer Friedman. Reprinted from Type A Behavior and Your Heart, with permission of Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.
Next: Reengineering the
Type A Personality
by Bernard Lansky
White House S°Y$ of
Die Cedar Rapids Gazette: Wed., April 24, 1974
Buffer Zone For Aircraft
WASHINGTON (AP) - The head of the Federal Aviation Administration says a new security buffer zone has been designated around the White House to guard against intrusion by unauthorized aircraft.
FAA Administrator Alexander Butterfield disclosed the buffer zone in a report made public Tuesday bv Rep. C. W. Young (R-Fla.).
Butterfield’s report focused on the landing of a stolen military helicopter Feb. 17 on the White House lawn.
The FAA chief said a new protective area has been designated around the White House “in which intruder aircraft will be reported to the White House security personnel.
“This, in effect, establishes a buffer area to allow protective action to be taken if necessary,” Butterfield told Young.
The Florida congressman’s office said the FAA would not tell how big the new buffer zone is because the information is classified. The Butterfield report gave no further details, such as how intruding aircraft would be spotted.
Life Easier Than Earlier Thought
WASHINGTON (UPI) - A noted biochemist has come up with new laboratory evidence
Group Reports Steadying Of Gas Prices, Supplies
WASHINGTON (UPI) — Both; stations surveyed limiting pur-indicating the beginning of life supplies and prices of gasoline i chases and none out of fuel.
from Earth’s primordial en- appear to have stabilized over N Y . Marvlanri Dpla-
vironment more than 3 billion much of the nation, the Ameri-years ago was easier than can Automobile Assn. said Tues-previously believed. day.
It suggests that the chemical: The AAA said its weekly sur-evolution of living things is an vey 0f gasoline stations, cover-inevitable process when the ing an states but Alaska, conditions are right, said Dr. showed that only 2 percent
Cyril Ponnamperuma, directorjwere ou^ 0f fue] same per-. . . , ,
°L!hie:iabo1raiory,of. che™ca!| centage as last week, while continuc to practice the odd-
average prices for regular and even Plan an<^ stations along premium gasoline also re- these throughways limit pur-mained unchanged at 54 and 58 chases, anywhere from $1 to cents a gallon.
Federal energy chief John Sawhill predicted Sunday that prices will go up an additional nickel a gallon in May even though price controls will continue on petroleum products
ware and Hawaii still have mandatory odd-even rationing systems in effect following Virginia’s dropping of its system last week.
Some major turnpikes also
LONDON (AP) - Queen Eli-z a b e t h II’s 48th birthday brought out the flags on public buildings in Britain, but the traditional gun salutes were postponed because it was Sunday.
Don’t lose time locating a lost item. Find it fast with ad. Dial 398-8234.
evolution at the University Maryland.
“Perhaps on Mars things happened a long time ago and perhaps on Jupiter things might be happening right now,” he said at a news conference summarizing five scientific papers released Sunday.
He said the most significant new finding he and his colleagues have made came with experiments trying to recreate some molecules that led to life. They unexpectedly produced what apparently is a chemical sequence of acids used by practically all organisms in the respiration process.
“We have found what appears to be a metabolic pathway which had existed perhaps before life began.” Ponnamperuma said.
His work is based on the theory that the simplest living molecules were formed from Earth’s primitive atmosphere of methane, anmonia and water by energy sources such as lightning and solar radiation. Ponnamperuma and other scientists have shown that basic a want building blocks of life can come I from such conditions.
SIO, the AAA said
Ambush Misses Ulster Officia
BELFAST (UPI l-A car used after they expire on most other daily to transport Health Min-
items next Tuesday.
Highest averages were 58 cents for regular in Michigan and 61 cents for premium in New York. Texas had the lowest for both—50 cents for
I ister Paddy Devlin to his office j was ambushed Monday and the I minister’s police bodyguard was I wounded. Devlin, a Roman I Catholic, was not in the car.
I Police said three gunmen
regular, 54 cents’for premium. firedJ4 shols fr°™ a rif|e and a
machinegun at the police car
The tightest supplies, as in which normally carries Devlin
the past, were reported in the to and from his home. Devlin
Northeast—Connecticut, Maine, was in Dublin Monday on busi-
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, ness.
Rhode Island and Vermont— The policeman who often es-where more than 8 percent cods Devlin was hit twice in the wrere still limiting purchases arm, they said. He was hospital-and more than 3 percent were [zed but not seriously injured,
out of fuel. Police spokesmen said they
The best overall fuel avail- feared the ambush might have ability, for the fourth consecu- been set up for Devlin himself, five week, was in a six-state Catholic extremists bitterly op-area including Colorado, Mon- pose the participation of Catho-tana, the Dakotas, Utah and lie politicians in Northern Ire-Wyoming, with only one of 327 land’s coalition government.
Says Spiro Assured $300,000 on Book
mauling faculty at Concordia I^ing the opening days of the would have to certify studenLs convention, delegates authorized
for placement in parishes and congregations to seek new pas-r ‘tors from Seminex through
® 1*74 by Ch raga Tnbunt N.Y. haw* S/nd. Inc. (J
World Right* Raiarvad _
'My ambition is sometime to run out of deposit slips instead of checks!"
WASHINGTON (AP) -Former Vice-president Agnew already has been assured of more than $300,000 for his novel and could get more than $1 million, his agent said Monday.
And, the agent, Scott Meredith, said Agnew is committed by contract to visit England for five days to promote the novel, “A Very Special Relationship”,’ on its publication there by W. H. Allen, Ltd.
Meredith said the visit could come as early as next January cr February if Agnew completes the book by September as he hopes to, or as late as May if Agnew writes up to his contractual deadline in December.
Meredith has periodically issued reports on new contracts for the book, always giving general rather than exact figures on the amount Agnew would receive.
In addition to the British contract, he said contracts had been signed for Japanese publication by Hayakawa Shobo, Portuguess publication by
Moraes, Greek publication by:highest, which would put it over Labrakis Press and Flemish se- $100,000.
riaJization by the Brussels news- ¥r $1,000,000?
He put the contract for U.S.
“That’s a good question. I never thought of that when we signed the contract. He said he would be glad to do this.”
serial rights with Ladies Home j Agnew' was put on three Journal at over $100,000 and I years’ unsupervised probation said, “In total, this book could when he pled no contest to a bring more than $1,000,000.” I felony charge of federal income In England, Agnew is to ap-! tax evasion last October, pear on television, hold news The clerk of the U. S. district conferences and meet publish-court in Baltimore, Paul Schlitz, Asked about the monetary fig- ing executives as part of the said that Agnew’s passport was ures, Meredith replied, “In promotion of the novel, an ac- not picked up and that he was
some countries over $100,(JOO. count of a vice-president a dec- not required to report to a pro-
The British and German con- ade in the future who becomes batlon officer, so there should tracts definitely. But in France the dupe of Iranian militants be no restriction on his travel-
no body’s ever got over seeking a U.S.-Soviet confronte- ing abroad.
$100,000.” No German contract tion. A spokesman at the British
paper De Post.
He said Spanish, Brazilian and French offers had been turned down, but that he anticipated signing 20 more foreign contracts. Movie rights have not been sold.
has been signed.
He said the ti. S. contract, with Playboy Press, was the
Asked if Agnew’s probation would interfere with plans for the trip, Meredith said,
, embassy here said he could see I no problem in Agnew’s visiting I Great Britain.
GARDEN CITY, N. Y. (UPI) — The newsstand price of News-day, tho Long Island newspaper, went from IO to 15 cents a copy Monday, and the weekly rate for home delivery of the newspaper is now 15 cents higher.
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