Page 2 of 17 Nov 1854 Issue of Castlemaine Mount Alexander Mail in Castlemaine, Victoria

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Castlemaine Mount Alexander Mail (Newspaper) - November 17, 1854, Castlemaine, Victoria National Library of Australia shipping intelligences r arrived. J. November 11. Class Cudco ship fro Xiver to l 17th August. November 13. Neptune Hamburg barque. , Chili 6th August North Ern Crown u. S. Ship from new York 1st a Trust Maria peruvian barque Froni Valparaiso "28rd August meteor Iron p.s.s., from Greenock "24rh july. November 14. Titan Schooner from new Plymouth _l2th ult. Arabian ship from Liverpool 19th August Susan and kale Dennin Schooner from san Francisco 4th August Gode kirov chilian ship from Valparaiso 28th july. November 15. Fullerton from Goole 30th june. Sailed. November 11. Elizabeth will hew brie Tor. Mauritius Camperdown ship for Colu Rabo Solo barque for Iatavia. November 12. Calcutta . S Steamer Tor Southampton. November 13. Maria Lorca Date s Valparaiso Village Belle Brig for Callao. Projected departures. V for Tomlon. Aden and Chicora Early and. Miral 1st dec. Kent 2d Dee. Blackwall Jan. 1. For Liverpool. Marco folo dec 2 arabian i Early. For Southampton. Noma a. And o. Co s Seamer. Overland mail about november 24th Antelope Steamer december l with. For Chao Flora Temple nov. 20 wings of the morning Hilja. Thomas Anadann Kyle v Abigail Early. For san Francisco. City of Norfolk Steamer november "20 for Mauritius. Voyageur nov. I8.auslra j Lian Early. " the Overland mail. The Norna up. And o. Co will be the next mail Steamer for Europe she is of petted from Sydney about the 23fd inst. And Wil remain about 21 hours proceeding on to Adelaide Ceylon Singapore Etc. The Nona s mail. The Overland mail for Mel Journo consisted of 181 boxes containing 24,790 letters and -51,896 newspapers. The whole of these were assorted and Dri Vered with of Mendible Aloo Rity and there is no no fault to be found with thepot of Floe officials As regards Tho Timo occupied in preparing mails for distribution. The Calcutta cleared at Tho customs on saturday. Last and sailed for Southampton on sunday morning she carries Home a Small number of passengers from Melbourne but a very valuable freight Gold dust to Tho amount of 89,781 ounces and Spezio to the value of �11,550. The cite of Glasgow Steamer. Captain Taylor of the British barque briton s Bride arrived it new York from Cadiz reports that on Tho 12th of August when in int. 56 n. Long. 65."5 w. He saw in the water some distance from his vessel a Chest painted Green on which were Tho letters. A. B. City --of.Glasgow.1 there was likewise some gilding on the of est also passed at the Samo time a vessel s head " with a name on it but could not distinguish what it was. These articles were undoubtedly portions of the lost Steamer City of Glasgow which is supposed to have foundered at Soa on the voyage from Liverpool to Philadelphia. St Kamees Fob Melbourne. The new Steamer peo fio was to leave London on the 20tli september with passengers and a said mail for Melbourne and Sydney via the Cape of Hope. The maid of iyar a and Pluto two screw steamers of Small ton Mage intended for the colonial Trade Are now on their Way with cargo. Tho smallest Steamer that Ever " ventured on an australian Voyack has left London for Melbourne she is called Les trois Amis is Only 28 tons Register with a screw propeller and engine of ten horse Power. She was Iau Nohad from Tho build ing slip Complete in every respect for sea with steam a up oct. And is manned by Iivo men. On her trial. Trip she proved herself a Lively and Swift Little vessel and her owner was confident to would be Able to bring her out in safety. The ship Sultana of the White Star line. The White Star line of australian packets owned by Tho enterprising firm of messes. Pilkington and Wilson have succeeded their splendid ship Tho Ara Bian. The"8ttltana, 1316 tons Register and .3000 tons Burthen one of the finest a desc lever turned out of a builder s hands. As a ship More by Tho Sultana is most powerfully built fit to receive any cargo and to. Make her Way through any sen. As a passenger ship she is almost unapproachable in her claims to excellence. She has a Fine Model with ample breadth of beam. It is of her fittings As a passenger ship How Ever that we have to speak these Obal Lengo Admi action and her of affording accommodation list Nover been sex rolled by any vessel which has sailed Cut of this port. The poop Saloon of Tho sul Tana Calls for special notice. It is a Saloon of Noble dimensions extending Tho entire Width of Tho ship Forward of the Captain s Cabin containing eighteen rooms fitted up most tastefully to contain 30 persons. Con Roun Cating with Itaro a further reach of berths Forward fitted up in two rooms of eight berths each and four rooms of two berths each. These Are lighted by Side lights and windows and a Glass Hatch from the Quarter deck above. The Quarter deck is 75 feet in length and affords to Tho Saloon passengers Tho " most extensive promenade to he found in any austra Lian vessel in this or any other port the berths Are unusually spacious with ample passage room betwixt them and every convenience attn bed. The House on deck or Saloon in the mid ships is fitted up with Tho same attention to Comfort and convenience As the poop f Sloop. It a divided into two compartments in rooms two of which on each Side of a Central i Vifor will contain a family of eight persons Paob with six containing two persons each. This is a Superior portion of the ship so far As regards arrange mint and the ventilation is very perfect. To have seen nothing in fact exceeding the accommodation afforded for emigrants in these two saloons. The he to Whf a Derks afford Exra Ordinary accommodation. In the first place height in this part of Tho vessel is nearly eight feet n Rioh cannot to said of any vessel in the port. Tho spare allowed for Tho entire length of Tho vessel is 16 feet beige in Tho berths Ono half of her ban dts being thus Given no for the Day accommodation of Lver Breedh passengers. The sult Oais commanded by Captain d. C. Taylor who has had Large experience in Tho passenger Trade As Captain of the american ship Iowa and other ships and Lias earned the respect and crat tudo of those who have sailed under his care. Liverpool courier. Arrival and departure of at Castle. Maine Post office. Arrival from Melbourne Gisborne Kyneton wednesday and saturday 9 . Box Cloaca at 10 ten o clock . Tuesday and Friday. Arrival from for Var a Creek Maldon,"sandbim-.t, tuesday and Friday ii . Box closes at s Furj o clock . Tuesday and Friday. Arrival from Swan Hill a led Delburne every monday at s p. M. Box closes at 4 four o clock . Every tuesday. Arrival from Kino War every alternate tuesday. Jajor closes every All Ernale thursday at 4 four p a. Post of lace Castlemaine june 5, 1ss4. Gold commission returns. Be Cost or wednesday last. Cabin. Ops. Do Tel. A. A. a l8 0190 0 o do. For Adelaide. 11 0fryer s Creek. 8 o it 0 0 Wedderburn #10 , 147 158 0 0 Avoca. 510 0. Do for Geelong. 458 0tarrango iter 50 0 0 Maybo Roob. 9,901 10 1541 0 0 bit bit. 19 10. Of 8,385 a. -9,599 o Sandhurst escort. 890j 10 .30# 0 0 Der pairs. " Gross face Pili -103.678 893,947 17 5 withdrawn. 140,793 1091,175 7 � balance 13,873 18 ,1.773 o o v1 received in week. 314 0.313 0 0 withdrawn 753 10338 0 0 decrease 438 to 32# 0. Last balance. 13,311 .83,093 0 0 balance on hand. 13,873 is. 1,773 0 0 ,6 old & Cash on Deposit at the undermentioned offices week Kadiko 11to bovdib1i. Of. Dts. Fryer s Creek. I to 0 chm 114 0 0 Daldon 3.26# ii 3.w7 u 0 Hepburn 1.351 "4950 0 0 Avora 3,241 17 7.120 0 0 Maryb Reugh. 7.578 -0 9,053 0 0 Amherst. 3#3 -0 lit bit 9 � Kina Ower. 188 0 3j0 0 0 Wedd Eilun. 318 10 773 8 0 License returns. Dingers 4f8 at l 1 108 at l.3-3at l8. Revenue v3.062 Sam clerk. Or 24 at l.15 8 at l.25-0 at 50 Revenue l.48b. Pomi Atio. Men. Women. Ceil. Total i whole District .36,75# 4,8j 5,453 3#,188 i ice or Gold. I of 0 _. 1 v ,. = notice. The mount. Alexander mail. Is. Pub listed in time for the Down mail in Friday Merit ing reaching Melbourne the following Day. Copies can be procured As Early As nine o clock on the Day of publication. Or. Kilsby e correspondence with the government upon the subject of the mount Alexander read. Came to hand too late for insertion this week. It shall appear in our next. " a riggers letter respecting Extension of claims is held Over for the same reason. J. V. Shall appear in our next. Married. On Tho la h inst by asocial License at Tho residence of mrs. M Lai Trhlin Campbell s Creek by Tho Rev. James Low or. Robert. Moorhead storekeeper to Anno Only surviving daughter of the Lato James m Laughlin esq., Kingstown Ireland. The mount Attia Aneg Castlemaine november 17, 1854. Our prospects. The depression under which Trade has been suffering for the last few weeks has been very severe and very general. In Melbourne Mer chants whisper together mysteriously and scarcely a Day passes without a. Rumour that or. Somebody is queer or that messes. So an d so have the circulars out All parties engaged in business feel the total absence of Money which prevails. The unemployed Are beginning to form an important class in society and the grumblings of these unfortunate new chums Are made known to the general Public through the medium of monster meet Ings. Warrnambool the last resource of disappointed seekers for " Pink and shovel work is now supplied with labor and wages Ore on the decline. Tetlie mining districts have been populated until Gold. Digging has become in the majority of cases a barely remunerative occupation and people begin to wonder where All this will end and what will come next. The unemployed take a Vety serious View of the matter and invoke anything fiut benedictions on everything colonial. They Ore irrevocably ruined with their wives and families starvation stares them in the face and it is All through the Argus Anil mrs. Iii Holm. Such at least Are their lamentations and but for the fact that every one of them lacks colonial experience the state of the Colony would appear to be alarming in the extreme. But we Are Happy to be Able to express our conviction that the present stagnation is Only temporary and is calculated to have a beneficial effect in administering a Check to Over speculation. Victoria possesses in herself All the elements of Prosperity in a very remarkable degree and when her astonishing resources Are properly developed other countries must hide their diminished Heads in Mineral riches alone Australia surpasses All other countries of the world. Coal Iron Copper tin exist in unknown quantities and where these discoveries Are scientifically followed up As in the Case of Burra Burra mine most astonishing results Are the consequence. The yield of Gold has been sufficiently tested to justify a prediction that there is plenty More of it and when prospecting is systematically carried on and adequate machinery brought into play there is every reason to believe that the Gold produced during the last three years will be found to constitute Only a Small instal ment of the Quantity forthcoming. In Cali fornia the crushing of Gold bearing rocks was found to produce More Gold than the washing for alluvial deposits and mining operations in that part of the world Are now almost exclusively confined to Quartz crushing. Indeed the manner of searching for Gold adopted in the a australian colonies cannot strictly he called mining digging is a More appropriate name. The presence of Quartz is not the most distinguish ing feature of these Gold Fielda but this Rock is found abundantly in most other Gold producing localities and it i3 not unlikely that some of the Many Paten de inventions for Quartz crush ing May be so successful As to Render their use More remunerative than the employment of the Cradle puddling machine or Long Tom. Not the least important of our comparatively untried resources in the cultivation of the land. This if properly carried out would give employment to a much larger number of the working classes than is at present out of employ or on the voyage to these shores. But the people must first be put into posses Sion of agricultural lands they must first catch their Hare before they proceed to skin t and the land must be so easily attainable that every Man May aspire to the proprietor ship of a cabbage Garden or potato crop. The Small agricultural proprietor would require a House erected on his land and he would also be an employer of unskilled labor. The unlocking the lands in an honest find effectual manner would thus Confer lasting Prosperity on the Small capitalist whilst it would give employment to the unemployed and cause the settlement of the Colony in the neighbourhood of the diggings it is essential that land should he Laid under cultivation in order that the diggers should be supplied with the common necessaries of life at an attainable Price. It is a most unnatural tiling that a Large population of the finest set of Fellows on the face of the Earth should be surrounded by Crown wilderness a govern ment desert which can Only be reclaimed illegally whilst the said finest set care dependant for food upon places Many Miles Distant. What is wanted in Victoria is not a cessation of immigration but a few smiling Corn Fields and farms. There is no reason Why we should not Export Corn and there is every reason Why the culture of the Vine should be encouraged. In fact the Prosperity of the country is mainly dependant upon the govern ment and it is in the Power of our rulers by adopting adequate remedial measures to reduce the present crisis to a congestion of the Money Market and that would remedy itself. Letters Liy Post. I tee by the government Gazette that tenders Are _ required for the conveyance o mails Between Ballarat and the Avon diggings by Way of Burn Bank biweekly the somewhat crudely made estimates or Popula Tion for the past week give this District about 40,000 souls which is very Likely below the truth. The two facts taken together however suggest a few remarks As to the condition of our postal communication considered with re Ference to the wants of the Colony. When Post 3 were first established in modern Europe they were for the transmission of government despatches and fur the conveyance of persons travelling under the author y of. Government. As an incident thereto and coupled with charges More or less heavy came the accompaniment of private correspondence. But with the lapse of time the increase of business and the spread of education this has so far been changed that we May regard pro motion of social and commercial Intercourse As the main business of a Post office and government communications to be the incident and we need hardly say that the last remark is As True of Victoria As of the United kingdom. Now whether we look at the population of a Laatt and Avoca or of this District and Melbourne and think of their postal Necessia 1 ties or whether we regard Only the interchange of wealth Between these places will anyone say that biweekly communication is at All adequate to meet the requirements of these districts at the present time especially if these be compared with similar populations or similar amounts of interchangeable capital at Home ? Bat if leaving aside for a moment the needs of our own Day and generation we take up with the far seeing policy which has guided the government of America in the formation of roads and the establishment of postal communication what has hitherto been done in Vic Toria will seem still More grossly insufficient whether for social Intercourse or commercial facility. There Are three methods of conducting the. Postage of a country 1. So that it does not pay its own expenses 2. So that it does pay. Them and nothing More and to. When it clears expenses and is a source of Revenue. In the first Case the transmission of letters will soon come to a natural end or the working of the machine must he sustained by extraneous help in other words Public Money raised in Aid of either objects must he applied to make Good the Post office deficiency. Now not Only is it difficult to see Why the Carriage of a letter whether it be regarded As a necessity a com fort or a luxury should not he adequately paid when government is the Carrier As much As when taken by private Enterprise but the great objection would then arise that Money taken from the pockets of those who rarely or never write is applied to pay the postage dues of those who write frequently. The second plan though not liable to the change of Public injustice will keep the condition of a country in As far As postal matters affect it very stationary if not retrogressive but where the third plan is acted upon and the moderate sur Plu s applied towards extending the postal fact. Cities already in existence and opening up new ones a Little in Advance of the apparent requirements t f any two places the legitimate ends of u government pest office would seem to be fully answered. Under a regime like this the postal Revenue of Scotland increased a Hundred fold in about a Century and vestiges of its working can be seen both there and in Ireland in those Small sub Post offices that do not even at this Day pay their own expenses. O f ame Rica it is needless to speak Jonathan May not be in every respect a pattern for All creation but he is rarely Penny Wise and Pound foolish. Would it not then he better to give the existing postal rates the trial of a Short time before agitating Tor so questionable a Benefit As its reduction and instead thereof to urge upon the government the Utility of enlarging and repeating our postal facilities in every practicable direction ? As an illustration we understand that a Dis Tinct offer has been made to give Melbourne and Castlemaine the Benefit of a daily mail for a sum not More than one thousand pounds in excess of the present contract for two mails per week. Admitting a sea l saving to our pockets by a repeal of the postage act is there any one who would not forego his share of it rather than the command of daily postal inter course Between the two towns ? the Prosperity of Castlemaine is deeply interested in this matter and the general ques Tion affects the vital interests of the whole Colony. Let us Hope that Wisdom will guide our governors. Not without reason did the Early sculptors and poets portray the god of Commerce and civilisation As a messenger with extra wings. Let us be careful not to clip them for though we May not Start in a race with the great go ahead nation neither is it necessary that we should degenerate into a Community of slow coaches. Jim Crow ranges. I from our own Coo nov. 13th, 1854. If these diggings continue to go on As they have done within the last six weeks Jim Crow will not be recorded amongst the least of the Gold Fields of Victoria. It is astonishing to Seo the preparations daily going on new stores refreshment tents and Public houses Are rising with great Speed and there is every appearance of n prosperous summer. A new Rush commenced yesterday very Sha Low diggings and already about two Hundred hands Are at work to my certain knowledge. The ground turns out a f an ounce to the tub. In so Short a time As two Days the wombat Hill is much altered in appearance. Once a lonely place end scarcely a tent to be seen it is now covered with a mass of Canvas and Calico and picks Spades and crowbars Are seen flying about As thick As Shille Lahs in a tipperary Row. It appears that there is an existing in this immediate neighbourhood a distance of about twelve Miles off. Two natives to Sessing a Good share of intelligence were a Lew Days ago much frightened at seeing smoke and flames issuing from the ground. They reported the occurrence to e. S. Parker esq., of the Jim Crow station and in a Short time a party Are going out to inspect this wonder of the Wom Bat. This new discovery May throw Light on Many things hitherto buried in obscurity. Maryborough Price current. 1 1th november 1854. We have this week to note a serious Depres Sion in t Ade in consequence of the great Rush from Here to Creswick s Creek our prices , remain nearly the Fame As before. A number of persons Are now engaged work ing a Quartz Ridge Here with great Success As much As sixteen pounds weight having been washed from one Load the vein of Gold. Varies from six inches to three feet in . The Rush on the Road to carib Rocky mentioned in our last report is turning out v .4y Well is much is forty pounds weight having been obtained from one Hole a Nugget weigh ing fifty eight ounces was found there a few Days ago. A grand Ball in Aid of the funds of the Maryborough Hospital was held at the Melo Deon on tuesday last. There were about 120 persons present among whom we noticed commissioners Daly and Templeton. With other of the Camp officials there was also a much larger proportion of ladies than we have seen on any former occasion. We would recommend to diggers and other parties coming to Mary Borough nut to encumber themselves by bring ing any provisions or tools &c., with them As they can All be procured Here at a much lower rate than they can pos Sib y bring them at. Our quo action. For the past week Are Best Adelaide flour from 50 u to 55/. Per ton Oas scotch i us. To 17s. Per Bushel bran 8s, to 10s. Do candles Neva Stearina 2s. Of. Toos. 01. Per la. Do other sperm is. God. To 2s. Do Bulter prime Cork 2s. To 2s. 2d. Do do Ameri can is. To is. 3d. Do do Wollongong is. To is. 6d. Do cheese 10d. To is. 4d. Do Bacon 10j. To is. 2d. Do Ham is. To is. 6-j. Do sugar Mauri Tius cd. To 7d. Do do Java 4$d. To 5d do do crushed loaf so. To 74d. Do do loaf 7d. To 9d. Do Cofiey is. Of. To is. Go do currants is. To is. 4d. Do raisins 8d. To la. Do Tea Congo �7 10s. To �8 10s. Per Chest potatoes 6d. To 8d. Do hops Best Kent 2. 3d. To2?."6d. Do. Do., Amei ican is go. To is. 9 1. Do. Tobacco Barretts 4s. To do Honey Dew 4s. To 5s. Do pickles pints 18s. To 20s. Per dozen do. Quarts 28s. To 32s. Do. Bottled fruits 24s. To 3 of. Do. Cigars no."2 Manila �5 to �6 per 1 000 do no. 3 do �4 to �5 do do Havannah �3 to �3 10s. Do. Horses. First class staunch draught horses from 60/. To 801. Ordinary do 40/. To Goz. Inferior do 35/. To 40/. Firs class Hacks 35/. To 45/ Ordinary do 30/. To 35/. Inferior 25/. To 30/. Good serviceable Saddle horses from 20/. To 30/. Gold offering at 3/. 17s. Go. Per ounce. Knipe and Smith. Auctioneers and commission agents Agar Flat Maryborough. The diggings. The following Are items of intelligence up to november Al Maryborough. The population has been reduced by 1000 men parties leaving for Creswick s Creek. Great falling off in escort returns in con sequence of the change in the Price of Gold offered by the Bank people hold on. We Are unusually Dull Here. Daisy Hill. The population has been reduced by 700 those remaining appear satisfied with their doings and expect a steady population during the summer months. Several new work Ings reported in this neighbourhood towards Ballarat. Crime appears on the decline much owing to the Good feeling of diggers themselves aiding in the apprehension of offenders. No Gold has been received in this office during the week it has been taken to Maryborough and elsewhere. Bet bet. There is a population of 1800, being a decrease of 200 since last week Creswick s Creek being the Point of attraction. We under stand that assistant commissioner Pridham has been relieved by or. Drummond the former gentleman having left the commission mount Korongy. 1they Are carting water nine Miles for drinking the miners appear gelling just enough to pay fhe current expenses and greater Success is hardly to be expected Rantil next Winter. There Are Between 480 and 500 people at Sandy Creek. Avoca. A slight increase in the population is perceptible and the amphitheatre diggings show a Little Mere activity. The miners however do not give a Good account of the yield. Deep sink ing is still prosecuted by a few of the More ener Getic diggers but owing to the hardness of the crust no new holes have As yet been bottomed. Tarra Gower. A great migration since last report. It would seem hardly possible that this Gold Field will recover until next Winter. The Quartz mining still attracts great attention in fact it will be the principal mining through the summer. Mount Franklyn. There is Little or no new ground opened and the increase spoken of in last week s report has not been continued. The diggings at the Blind Creek on the Ballarat Road about two mile3 from Parker s aboriginal station Are almost totally deserted. While speaking of these i May mention that the Wandet diggings about four Miles farther on the same line of Gold arc in a similar condition. Fryer s Creek. There Are now about 3000 men working on this Creek and this must be taken As an indication of improvement. The deep sink ing on the Bald Hill is considered Viry remunerative to the parties who have Possession of the ground but will hardly pay a new chum. He May sink manfully and at the Bottom of thirty Yards he will perhaps plump Down on the fact that the fairies have been there Over night and taken away the washing stuff. Golden Point Forest Creek and Camp Bell s the number of puddling machines is on the increase but they no longer Trust to the Creek which is nearly taken up but Are in fact draining the Flats to obtain water and. This will probably open old ground to the working Miner. The old Bills of Oieu Creek Are yielding Well to deep sinkers and doubtless will continue to do so. Genwri Fly on these diggings the population is on the increase. The extra claims in old Workings have been allowed in those cases where extra labor has to be bestowed. Barker s Cheek. Puddling machines Are very much on the increase on the flooded ground. Castlemaine police court. Thursday november 0. David Jones charged with obtaining Money under false pretences was remanded to Friday. A charge of embezzlement was also remanded. We. M Elroy was charged with having a horse in his Possession supposed to have been stolen. Jas. To swill sworn am a soda water maker lost that Mare outside the win Dow on the 20th March purchased it at Terra Gower there is the receipt i next saw her at Barker s Creek on last monday week in the Possession of the gentleman to whom or. M Elroy Lent her never sold her nor authorised anyone else to do so. Or. M Elroy produced the receipt. Horse restored to complainant and or. M Elroy to receive a Bench order on Parker the seller. Charles Pearse a police Constable was charged with refusing to obey the orders of his Superior officer. Or. Punter prayed the insertion of the word lawful As the defence would be that obedience had never been re fused to any lawful orders. Plea not guilty. Serjeant Howard sworn the prisoner is a Constable under me at Fryer s Creek on the 8th inst. I ordered him to clean the Camp he refused saying i will not Serjeant m Keu Ziev As his language Likely to create insubordination among the other. Constables or. Payntor objected to any such Kijuc Lions of probabilities being. To his tent he Howard i then ordered ,.to went and the other constables with him i brought him prisoner to cart Jerame by com Mand of my. Superior. By or. Paynter 1he Camp is usually cleaned by the will not swear that the Camp at Fryer a Creek has Usu Al y been cleaned by them arrested All the others who refused to clean the Camp i they Are at present at the station they have been dealt with by the inspector. Or. Paynter answer the question sir and dont Fence it. Witness they have returned to their duty it was rubbish that required cleaning away. By the Bench the others did not clean the Catnap after he refused. Or. Paynter contended that it was no part of a policeman s duty to clean the Camp it had been so decided in Melbourne in a recent Case and even were it otherwise it was somewhat hard that where All had refused under Tho same impression of. Being in the right this one victim should be selected. His client Hod formerly been in much More fortunate circumstances but like Many who had come to the Gold Fields had been obliged to do Many things that he Laid Nover anticipated he had been assured that labourers work would never to required of him and under that Assurance had refused what wore not lawful orders. A decision on this very Point had be a Given at Melbourne and to order that c is Ahles might be pot to any com men labor so it be within the Bounds of their Camp would have the effect of driving respectable Young men out of the service and keeping them out. Daniel Hawthorne sworn the defendant and myself were sworn in Toge ther by lieutenant Ryan now sub inspector defendant inquired before being sworn whether he would be required to do labor and was distinctly told that he would not unless he were to be recompensed for it by or. Paynter. It was the ruins of an old Chimney near the commissioner s quarters that required to be re moved. The be Ich held that it was the duty of policemen to clean the Camp when called upon to do so and fined the defendant �5, or 15 Days imprisonment. The Fine was immediately paid. Anthony Riddle was committed to custody upon the sworn information of drs. Preshaw and Bowlett that he was a dangerous Lunatic. William Lyons was charged with robbery. We. Smith sworn am a Butcher on Forest Creek on saturday i deposited some Money in the stable for Security put Between 60 and 7-0 pounds in notes and a number of sovereigns up Over head on a beam. The prisoner was on the premises at the time on sunday morning i found the sovereigns moved from where i put them and the soles altogether gone i inquired about them of All who were about the House and of him amongst the rest he left the House about 1 1 o clock the same Forenoon and from information i had received i was induced to follow him to Barker s Creek from the landlord of the Union hotel there i received these two notes As having been paid to him that Forenoon by Lyons the notes Are mine they Are part of those placed away by me in the stable i returned to Forest Creek and gave information to the police when i taxed him with the robbery he gave up the Money to me before the lodgers owning it to be mine he restored �49, and owned to redeeming a watch with part of the remainder it was a Stormy night when i hid it the Gold had fallen Down from Over the stable rack. By or. Fitzgerald he did not pull out the Money and say i might have found it had i looked among the Hay he did not give up the Money voluntarily i never said he was entitled to any Reward can swear positively to those two notes. James Bigman landlord of the hotel on Barker s Creek corroborated the last wit Ness and swore positively to the two notes. Win. Blackburn is a Digger on Forest Creek was in Smith s House at the time when he sent for the police prisoner gave up to me the � 19 he said that was All he also gave up the watch and admitted having loosed it with part of the Money. By or. Fitzgerald prisoner had been about ten minutes in the House when the Money turned up prisoner did not say he had found it he pulled it out of his pocket laughing. Committed for trial. Friday november 10. Before or. Arnold David Jones who had been remanded yesterday was charged with obtaining Money under false pretences. The deposition of William was read Over to the following effect on the 1st of april the prisoner whom i had seen before came into my store with a Nugget to sell. The Nugget now produced i bought off him believing it to be As he represented it pure Gold. He told me that his mate had found it on the surface in dog leg Gully Moon Light Flat. I paid to him and his mate �24 of. 6d. For it by weight. On the 3rd april i discovered it to be spurious but never saw the prisoner any More until wednesday when he came into our store. He introduced himself As the person who sold me a Nugget some time Back. I produced it prisoner acknowledged it immediately. I told him it was not old and that he was my prisoner. He made no attempt to escape. He did not sell me any other Gold either before or after or with that Nugget. The Nugget was produced and handed round it had a Coppery tinge and was partly very much blackened but might have deceived some. W. E. Venson of Castle Maine Miner sworn knows the prisoner saw Liim on wednesday the 8th instant in Myring and Halford s store said his mate not he was the finder owned to Selling it and to receiving the Money or. Fitzgerald defended the prisoner and after remarking that no proof of the spurious Ness of the Nugget had been offered said that though the evidence did clearly Esta Blish the fact of Tho Nugget being sold by Pri Soner who had never denied it yet the evidence of the prosecutor and the last witness also went far to show that he sold it in ignorance of its being if it is spurious the going into the store the mention of the Sale the ready acknowledgement of the Nugget did not look like the manner of a person having guilty know ledge. We. Kent sworn am a Digger on Moonlight Flat my Mato and i were in Hal Ford s store on the evening of 1st april the prisoner and his mate Cameron were there they told me that they had just sold the nug get of which i had heard they wanted to Purchase some stores but said they would Call Lor i hem on the same evening or the next morning. They lived about three quarters of a Milo from this store for about six or seven weeks after this and were Rogul irly working near me in dog leg Gully i do not know How Long they had Possession of it previous to sell ing it. By the Bench do not know Ilia i should not have. Taken it for Gold. Benjamin Howard sworn have known the prisoner about nine months heard about this Nugget at the time i went lately with the prisoner to the very piece of ground where to formerly said his mate had found this Nugget we could not Mark it the claim As we intended for the ground had been All Thkun up Secail take a g ass of. Ale at the mine v arms to prisoner reminded or. Myring of his a sold the Nugget upon which prosecutor a air he did not immediately refund the Money v should take him into custody. Cros mined i. Of my own knowledge do not if that they picked it up cannot be sure r not offer it for Sale have picked up 0s in l looking nuggets myself in h it very Gully Twenty ounce piece i found is a dark nth t in some places. The prisoner being cautioned declined saying anything and Wai commits for trial 9th december. M used saturday nov. 11. Before or. Arnold c. Perrit charged with temporary inapt if brought on by drinking was remanded f eight Days. R a horse Case web inquired into with the remit restoration to original owner and to last buyer to have a magistrate s order unon the seller for Tho Purchase Money monday nov. 13. John Howard was charged with violently faulting. Mary Howard. This appears to to one of those numerous cases of wife Cati which reflect so much glory upon this Colhof the poor woman whose wrongs had made he verbose if not eloquent detailed How her honorable lord beat and kicked and thumped her and flew at her again How she was obliged to put the baby out of. Her a is into bed to save. Its own and How As she ran away to save her life he fired a horse pistol after her i the Bullet missing is there was bomb attempt to Cross examine on the subject of some Porter and the prisoner hoped the Bench would not consider that he had violently As. Salted her. He was fined �5 for the assault and to give sureties in �20 each to keep the peace t awards her for three months. R. Mangin drunk Oid disorderly four Days remand for medical treatment. W. English Jas. Hill and we. For drunk and disorderly were each fined 403. Or forty eight Houre. Geo. Jay charged i h disturbing the pub. Lie peace appears to have been a mate of the preceding and to have interfered As soon As his Drunken Comrade was required to leave the pre Mhos. Or. Wheeler of the a australian hote1 did not desire to the charge against them j As he had found upon enquiry that both lore i Good characters. The Bench adopted this View i and discharged him with a hint not to appear j there again under similar circumstance. Tho panels of the door which they smashed should have been paid for. John Williams and Catherine Gorman Wera charged with robbery in company they were defended by or. Paynter. John Graham sworn am a Digger on Fryer s Creek the prisoners were in my tent on sundly evening the 5th instant they took away a Box con. I Taining my clothing and a bag having some Gold in it the prisoner and an associate of his took the Box saw them take it away and tried to prevent them they knocked Ras Down those two Gold rings and that Scarf Ore mine the Man and the woman afterwards came Back to my tent and gave up the Gold and some shirts and stockings 1 warned them that if they did i not give up All i would complain to the police j of it. By or. Paynter there were some things in the Box belonging to her have i known her two years she has lived with is about eleven months she passed As my wife she left me last sunday week she did not a " not pay. Fined �5, or seven Days i Inoris. John Green charged with Selling Stor

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