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Carlisle American Volunteer (Newspaper) - October 09, 1862, Carlisle, PennsylvaniaA a our country May it always be rig1it--but, right or wrong our vol. 49. Carlisle pa., thursday october 9, m no. 18 i quote a Elj a rican _v0lun Teer. Publish old every to Iuit Suay Mojo a by. John it a Hatton. A a a the re a a. Simmot fwd Dollar and fifty cont Jim id a Evanoo two a Quot Llars if paid within tho year Quot i two dollars and fifty conts if not paid wit in Tow. These terms will to rigidly adhered to in i1 inst Noo. No subscription discontinued until. A a cry no subscription .,11 Ato paid unless at tho option of the a Lilit to. ,.apr inf acc Mph Nice by the Oast and exceeding Ono Square will to Insor Tod three a a a a incs for Ono Dollar acid two rity Flo each a additional insertion. a Groat or length in proportion. R a a., a ton Phat Lnor snob As Iland Hills posting Bills a i Iii ibo qts Blanks labels a. Ac., executed with at tho shortest notion. I the Sioux abolitionists. Vlf a a emancipation . A this unwise unconstitutional and impolitic on t on of president Lincoln is tho Patriot and Union has cast a deep Elm Over tie spirits of All the real friends a of Anil the Constitution. They see is it Trio settled determination of the Percsi Dent to cast away the last vestiges of constitutional obligations by which he lifts hitherto guided a my Plu Ugo boldly and Iii udly into Trio Lioun Dloss Oriean of abolition fanaticism by which be is surrounded lie 1,-Ih yielded to the Eun Neils of Sumner arid Wilson and Loi Ejov and Stevens and us a part of the Laws of this nation enact pm Itin Avrich Iivo been declared Union Slit i cml arid pronoun Icid mischievous to. Die Hist decree not Only by Dom cd ats but Kiln by such Loyal and conservative statesmen As senator cow Aii of this state and others of equal learning patriotism loyalty and Devo Dun to the Union the Constitution and the enforcement of the Laws. And what position dues the president now occupy in the estimation of nil Loyal ii nil conservative citizens a instead of by ing the protector and defender of the Constitution and therefore qualified from that High demand in tho name of the Constitution that. Till men shall obey that great Chart of the Peoples lab cities Trio a nations life a lie. Has placed Hin self on an of Quality with Trio Infra tors of that instrument Linin is like them amenable to Rina i Huva a . And in this matter president hits not sifted without full knowledge a to Flint Iii it it will Hivo upon the Union Muse. Lit knows that the passage of such a nos us Wielt Are now officially prot Lanei and the army ordered to enforce at. A a a Kayo if of tin Bayonet linked with his apr Ilei scheme drove the la Iii ii Farcos out of Kentucky and Trines. Mirml added thousands of troops to the a rebel Rev before Richmond. All those things Are. Umyn to the president and Tyr ten tho very. I Siori the tide of War is turning in it shut Union forces he a , ,.states and give fresh Hope Vou Nigo and in to the Loheus in arms against the fed a Cronl authority. A. A but to have no space to follow this matter further to Day. That task is for a near Furfare when we shall show How and to what in alarming extent president Lincoln has violated that Constitution which to is sworn to uphold defend and protect and the evil consequences. Which must inevitably follow the proclamation just issued in the meantime1 we implore tho conservative men of the nation to present a United front to that flood tide of fanaticism and disregard of tho constitutional rights of american citizens which this proclamation of the president will pour Over Trio land. The danger is imminent when a president Lincoln Man deliberately publish Stich a proclamation As that to Shioli we have referred. Proceedings or tiie last session of Clinton Democrat gives tho following As tie proceedings of tho last session of Congress a not copied from the record but put Down according to our rec collection and warranted Correct in tho Aye doubt whether the proceedings copied Faith fully from tho record would show the last ses sum of the abolition Congress in any More a favourable Light. I. An act in relation to �2. An act to emancipate niggers. -3. An net to prohibit shut Dye Call it in tho territories. .4. An act to abolish what Dye chill it in tie District of Columbia. 5. An act concerning niggers. 6. An act to confiscate niggers. _7. An act to anticipate the wives and Baldes of contraband. 8. An act to emancipate niggers who fight for the confederacy. 9. An act to make Mem fight for the Union. 10. An act to make freed niggers love work ii. An act to educate said niggers.12. An act to make paper wort ii More than Gold. A 13. An act to make a Little More paper Worth Moro than a Good Doul Mono Gold. 14, an net to Freo somebody sniggers. 15. An act in relation to said niggers. 10. An act to make White folks squeal otherwise known As tho tax Bill 17. An Quot act authorizing the president to draft White folks. A 18. An act authorizing the president to in negroes. ,19� an net to give us a Little More paper. 20. An act concerning niggers. 21. An act to Mako omnibus tickets a Legal Lender. 22. An act to compensate congressmen for �8"g their influence in obtaining contracts. Of. An net authorizing the a Tsuo of More omnibus tickets. �?��?~1. An act declaring White men almost As Pood As niggers if they behave themselves. Laid on the table by in act to repeal that Clauso of the Constate 10llt�?~n� 10 admission of new tuition act t0 Repen 10 rest of the constr the Csc editions pledging the government ,il7 01 emancipated niggers Hnz r it authorizing tho president to by Tor said niggers. Went under so in a ctr �0 Aon Lisetto tilings. Till no a is 0cplaining. That Somo Othor wings Are not meant 30l ctn relation to niggers. 33 a a a to Mako niggers White. Full Quot a not a Luu a �?T0ln a Little whiter. A u net to Mako Thorn a Good Deal whiter. 35 a a 36 an a n re lation to contraband. T i Hon Thaddeus Stevens whom the Radical organs endorse ask a bold and True a having been for Trio next Congress responded ill a speech from which tho following As an extract a a Lioti a abolition a yes s abolish everything on the Fabo of the Earth but this Union free every slave slave every traitor Burn every Quot rebel mansion if these things to necessary to preserve this Templo of Freedom to the world and to our posterity. Unless we do this we cannot conquer Thorn. I have spoken thus in Congress and in the last week after a few remarks of Mino Trio Voto was,84 to 42�?84 agreeing with me a hero Nyer ago not fifty could have been found and if a go Hack there again if we have any orig left to Fig lit by that Timo the whole nation will he with me i either we Mast pursue that Noli by or tho War will be disgracefully abandoned at last and our country divided and to is a trailing who talks of separation on any terms a it is quite time the. Civilized anti Chritian North overwhelmed in wrathful indignation these atrocious and Bloodthirsty doctrines and All who advocate them. Certain Ameri Ca hating englishmen assert that As a race we Giro recoding from the european Standard of civilization and Are first developing the barbarous and cruel instincts of the Savages who occupied this continent before us. Humiliating Ais this is to our just Pride As Apo pc it is almost substantiated by tho existence of a party among us which Lias had much to do Lii controlling the legislation of the country that is continually clamouring for a Servile War for letting Loose tho mad passions of an infuriated soldiery upon innocent and helpless non combatants and who openly Call for pillage anti atrocity As Nii effect Neil to titans of h War. There Are men in our pres Bot Congress some of whom Are High in the Confidence of the administration whose proper place should in in tho wigwams of tho Savages who have just been slaughtering our countrymen in Minnesota if the Dren to of i his revengeful faction were realized and tiie Blacks Rose upon the helpless women and children at tho Siuth it would Stop the War on the part of the North Iti a month Liml Divide the Union tie whole world would staid age riot at tho a atrocities that would inevitably he committed Rod Asin. The ease of the sepoy rebellion the symptith�?Tic8 of a a Fnu a Lind would he with the master and . Lot it to under stood once for All tha Twar is always the most successful with tho most and not with the least civilized nation. It is a vulgar and mischievous error that brutal men and brutal methods sue peed Best in campaigns . The very contrary is Iho , and to can Only beat the South by. It display of Superior moral is Well As of Supe rior physical Power. As for or. Stevens to is terribly Fri Strakon if he supposes that he unit his Sioux associates in cd Nigriss will be endorsed at the coming elections. Ayo verily believe that a storm is to swoop then out of Public life never to lip heard of Nyiro except in the Recos of ,p,j., i-fliby7 ill a a 5ure the ���lr6rs it pm y to la in r wretched Ivar a cd the. Chief impediments to its sure Essul . Y. Tvo Iid a Republican paper. Nope it Nec Iii . From the Umon Toiven pa., Genius of Liberty ave have Haid of several attempts by negroes to commit outrages upon White women in this county but have said nothing about them because to Wero not furnished with particulars hut the Ono we not relate is entirely reliable having received Tom information from or. John c. Craft himself who is a wealthy and resp Octabio citizen township in this county. On tins 2gth lilt., after dinner or Craft and his sons went out into tho Fields to work and Trio hired girl went to a neighbors House leaving mrs. Craft a lady of fifty six years of age Alpo in the House. About 2 of clock p. M., a negro Man unobserved entered the room where mrs. Craft was and violently Stii Zed her declaring his. Hellish purpose in tho plainest and most vulgar language. And handling her in the most brutal and Savage Maimer of which to was capable tearing her clothes nearly off Hor Cap off and the hair out of her Lead Oli oked her severely and bruised her neck and arms very much. To finally relaxed his hold with one hand which gave her partial Liberty and she Suo Dedood in getting hold of a Butcher knife and stabbing him with it in the left hip which caused him to release her and Eho made her escape and ran to the Field to on la her husband and sons who ill company with their neighbors hunted the neighbourhood for several Days but could not succeed in capturing tho villain or Loaring anything of him. He was rather a Small negro very Black and had very Largo lips and was dressed in a Gray roundabout and Black hat. He swore several times that this was tar air Day and they intended to Mako Good Uso of it and also said that lie had Hoon told to go to that House and do just is he pleased. Hopes Are entertained that ire May be discovered by tho wound in tho loft hip As the blood ran upon the floor before he got out of the House. This negro is probably one of the recent runaways or a a freed Raen a from the South. They have Boon taught by the abolitionists to expect the largest Liberty in the North and accordingly when they come they proceed to a exercise their fancied rights in the manner above Deseri Bod. Avi thin the last two years there have Boon very frequent outrages of this kind committed by negroes owing to the fact that tho negro population of Trio North Lias been greatly increased within that time. If tho abolitionists succeed in their scheme of liberating and letting Loose upon us the whole four millions of Southern slaves these insufferable outrages will become so frequent Attiat Ive shall to compelled to declare a War of extermination against tho brutal and beastly Blacks whom their friends tho Rowlton publicans desire to raise to an Equality with tho White race. Trio White race must and will defend itself in whatever manner May to necessary against these atrocious results of Blok republicanism. If a War of rates becomes necessary in order to protect our wives and daughters from these Dollish outrages and our Labouring men from tho ruinous Competition of tho hordes of negroes coming among us it will he resorted to and then Good Bye Black Man and Farewell or fare it and negro Equality advocates. It the republicans a no party cry reminds us of the irishman who took a tavern stand to keep a in common with another one. They leased it with tho engagement that they should Havo tho profits and Good will. At tho end of a year they Mot together to Bhairo tho proceeds when Paddy a now Mikoy dear Well Divide ovum ill Tako the irofit8 and be Tako the Good that is just the Way the republicans do with their no party Quot arrangement. Tho Duvant to have All tho of icon and let us take the ��?���.-4atronser democrats make one grand Effort in a Elolf of Freedom,.lonr country and a Avo would he free themselves must strike the let every remember that it is truer now than Over it Power is continually stealing from the to tiny to the few Quot and that every Effort is b6ing made by a a placement and renegades from their former political associates to keep themselves in Power to Longas our suffering country affords plunder. ,. A democrats o n to u devolves great Mission of rescuing our country from present anarchy and prospective ruin. Tho Constitution of the , the of Gan to late if the Laud is set at Defiance by on. Tiro Ono Side fend set at naught on tho other. No Sano Man will Controvert this no truly Loyal Man will fail to combat both species of traitors. Ave need not toll you that tho demo i fetid a party is the duly party now in existence in the country which is , this proposition is too Plain to admit of argument. A. Avo would Here remind you of a very pregnant filet namely that the leading secessionists As a sine qua a non to Success first dismembered . Anil effectually a Livi Deil the Deniu ratio party Well knowing that unless that first Public calamity were effected they would not to Able to accomplish their object and that treachery to your Tinie Honor cd patriotic party would to but the prelude and pave Trio Way to treason to you country. A / those derelict quondam democrats of tho South were Well inn re theft abolitionists Black republicans and their Hii Oil. Tools would Means untried with popular suspicion Trio democrats of the free a states so that by the prolongation of tho civil discord much Money might be made by Trio miserable a. A. -. Hence a feints riots Yon and the men in within you ill vib Confidence Are subjected to the. Daily falsehoods of every Craven hipster who can gain Access to Trio revolutionary treasonable acid venal Organ of the abolitionists those editorial slaves who do their masters bidding that they May Gold find live in injurious East at the expense of honest hard working White men. But a a of parcs. Sion shall nut always last.�?�. Tho Day of redemption is Moi icing on i Acbo of redemption from the reign of As besotted fanatical Ign ii Ray fit malevolent and or amp pc Eufery a brew As Ever marauder under cover. Of the broken Law and under the Shadow of to battered Constitution on tie he Iota a tight rights of amm Iea ii White freemen Aruso. Then Danio rats every whore and prepare for tho coming contest. Your Breth Roll Are already in the Dattlo till al engaged in tie win with the secessionists. Do you imitate their example and to Day Tako tho political Field against the Dis unionists whom you Boon meet it tho ballot Box the free Many a quiet preventative of revolution heard be not that tho maudlin it a ring a i into Folly a a. Seed to a st pro. Niqi peed. A of Kara let it mess rats in a pm Wien you Are threatened with a Bastard Black re pit hic amp n monarchy ? Arhat is meant by this ? say has not the country at Largo have not the decent respectable White men of the land our free labourers mechanics agriculturists manufacturers merchants capitalists and Banks made sacrifices Ono Glt for. Tho privileged few who live coined wealth Poutot the brains blood sculls and veins of the poor democratic soldiers who have precious lives guarding the National Treasury Flora the inroads of secession robbers while a in safety thus protected disunion thieves have purloined at Leisure ? is it not enough that the whole land is filled with the win Libigs and the woes of the innocent who have suffered Outi quo tortures that execrable villainy under tho Guise of intense loyalty Migl filth its very vitality from the Public exchequer hut must democrats in this crisis Day lie called on to prevent an Effort on Ali Pait of the knaves and Luh aties to Perpetu ate Rasca Lity by anew machinery by a something Between a Black Republican monarchy and an abolition despotism. A a Washington Jefferson Jackson Clivy Ayeb Ster Douglas a if democrats were not tie True lovers of their country and their whole country and determined because destined to snatch political Power from in Broilo polluted hands we Nii Glit expect you to leave your Graves for some country where Honor is awake if Liberty is Leader Strong enough to completely secure. A crime like this can Novor be forgotten or forgiven. But the damning record of the present Oon Gress does not end hero. During All this time its members were exasperating even the most unwilling rebels arid intensifying tho treason a of the rebel chiefs by unceasing harangues and debates about Trio inevitable negro and they completed heir mischief by the passage of an unconstitutional confiscation and emancipation Bill the obvious and rimmed to effect of which was to transform every North porn Man in Tola fiend in tho eyes of tho rebels. Even after their adjournment these congressmen did not cease their bloody work bur incessantly harassed our generals in Tiro Field and prevented Popes reinforcement when to was6 battling with the whole rebel army in desperate endeavours to Check the Advance upon Washington. And now when the rebels have invaded the Border states these congressional demons of disco d Are again at Aya Sivington to i Veigle tho secretaries of War of the Treasury and of the Navy a and to gain Trio ear of tho president who could As safely ii attn to the counsels and advice of the Arch rebel Liim self. A More infant us of record can by shown of no men since tho Tirrito of a a Jas. The question is Are these be sent to Congress to repeat their exploits ? the per Jill Havo the Opportunity to answer this quest Iii at Trio ballot Box in november. Answered in the affirmative then nothing Short of a stupendous Miracle can save tie country. If it to answered in the negative then conservative Nice will be sent to Congress who will do As much Good with their pm Wei fun opportunities As tho radicals have Dono harm by their inter meddling intrigues arid evil legislation. Upon the next Congress hinges the Fate of Trio re Public and its action will probably to decisive one Way or the other. Letter from James w. Wall on arbitrary arrests. Look to co Cress. The vast importance of tho ensuing congressional Oleo Ion is fully set Forth Iri the following of tract of an article from the new York Herald of thursday last. Although specially intended for tho people of tho state of new York it is equally applicable to Ponn Sylvania and to no portion of Hor citizens More so than the people of Cumberland county. Avo Trust it will he Road and reflected upon by All parties tho elections for members of Congress which Tako place in november demand the undivided attention of the country Avo regard these congressional elections this year As of More importance than any which have been held for the past fifty years. Upon them depends in a great measure tho integrity the very existence of the country. Trio Radions Congress now in Power taught us most Thor Paughly by tho bitter results of its last session the Power and the influence of con ression action during a crisis like this. This Congress during a single session nearly accomplished tho ruin of the nation. Thoro never was collected a Moro wicked silly revolutionary body of crazy fanatics. Avion Lioy at last adjourned tho whole country gave a deep sigh of Relief and thanked god that tho worst was Over. If Jeff. Davis himself had drawn up tho measures which they passed they would not have Dono tho Union Causo Moro injury. By their diabolical intrigues they have brought upon tho country every disgrace and disaster which has visited our armies in the Field. Under the Lead of sum Ner. Avilton Fessenden Lovejoy Chandler and the other abolition i radicals Lioy succeeded in be fooling weak members of the Cabinet and imposing upon the simple Good nature of the president until Lioy Hod marred tie plans and interfered with the commands of our Ablest and most patriotic generals. This accomplished they deliberately proceed of to Stop enlistments and thus enable Trio rebels to outnumber our armies in every important Erig Gomont during the War. Again and again Lioy interfered to prevent tho capture of Richmond and at last loft Moc Lolland a army to Molt away in tho swamps of the Chiok Hominy while they purposely held Bank reinforcements which wore not needed elsewhere and which would have saved tho army of the Potomac and Given it the Triumph which it. Could almost reach but was not Defeated the Crittenden Compromise i this is a most important question at the present Timo for it is Quot flow conceded that if the Crittonden Compromise had been adopted by Congress and sub knitted to the people the Desous Ting. War. Iri which tho country is now engaged would love been avoided. But the Republican parly its Lerider and its representatives in Congress were determined that no Compromise should lie. Submitted to the Peoplis they voted against the Crittenden Compromise measures Iri Congress and Defeated them Rind they Are responsible for tho failure of this humane Effort to prevent a country in proof of this position the Ovid Enco is so full and unmistakable tho facts so Plain and apparent that All must by convinced who will look at the official record on. Tie subject. Hero is the vote by which the Crittenden resolutions Wero Defeated. It will to been every Republican in hid a Senate voted against them. Yoast messes. Bayard Bigler Bright Crittenden Douglas ,.ilunter, Johns ii a of .te.unossee, a a Ontic 8pjti�7.ipbo .mifbf.ti��4 Niiys-messrs.,Anthony, Bingham Chari. Ler Clark Dixon Doolittle Durkee Fessenden. Foot Foster Grimes Harlan King Morrill Sumner ten Eye Trumbull Avade Wilkinson and avilson�?20, in order that the Loyal and patriotic Mon of this Section May understand the importance of these resolutions and what would Siivo been the effect of their ready and honest adoption by the. Representatives from Trio Northern states we Call attention to the following extracts from the speeches of senator Pugh of Ohio and senator Douglas of Illinois delivered on that. Occasion. Soutor Pugh said a. A the Crittenden proposition has been endorsed by the almost unanimous vote of the legislature of Kentucky. It has Boon endorsed by tho legislature of the Noble old Commonwealth of Virginia. It has been petitioned for by. A larger number of electors of the United states than any proposition that was Ever before Congress. I believe in my heart to Day that it would carry an overwhelming majority of tho people of my state a. Sir and of Henrly every state in the Union before the senators from the slate of Mississippi left this chamber 1 heard one of them who now assumes a least to be president of the Southern confederacy propose to accept it and maintain the Union i f that proposition could receive the Vole it ought to receive from the other Side of this chamber. Therefore of All your propositions of ally your amendments knowing As i do and knowing that tho historian will write it Down at any time before the 1st of january a two thirds vote for tho Crittenden resolutions in this chamber would Havo saved Ivory state in tie Unior but South Carolina. Georgia Rould to Here by her representatives and Louisiana also those two great states which at least would have broken tho whole column of p 1380, Globe on the Samo subject senator Douglas spoke As a tho senator or. Pugh has said that if the Crittenden proposition would have Boen passed Early in the session it would Havo saved All tho states except South Carolina. I firmly would. Anhilo the Critton Dou proposition was not in accordance with my cherished views i avowed my readiness and Oag orness to accept it in order to save tho Unior if to would unite upon it. I can confirm tie senators declaration that senator Davis himself when on that committee of thirteen was ready at All times to Compromise on the Crittenden proposition. I will go further and say that or. Toombs was p. 1831, Globe. From these facts two important positions Are fully sustained first that the Crittenden Compromise was Defeated by Republican votes and. Second that tho adoption of those Compromise resolutions would have saved to tho Union every Southern Stato with perhaps tho single exception of South Carolina this the Republican senators were told this Lioy knew and yet because they Wero pledged to tiie Chicago platform and opposed to slavery they said a a lot the Union slide a and Defeated the Crittondon Compromise. The result of their notion on that of evasion is before the Ogunti a written in characters of blood and tho Puoplo at tho coming of lotion will hold Thorn responsible for this wilful Sao Rifino of All tho Best interests of tho country on tho altar of partisan Bato and political rancor. The Crittenden Compromise was Defeated by re publican Votos and by this not they proved that to Thorn tho supposed Solfaro of a Fow no Groos was of More importance than the Union tho Constitution and the peace Happi. And Prosperity of thirty millions of White men. By their own Aota lot Thorn to judged. Amp v a a. Sopt. 20 to True Edh or. Of tiie a your omission to allude to the Caso of tho Maryland officials now in Coonfi Merit at forts Lafayette and Awarren hardly surprised Moas much is tho Tono and sentiment of your editorial of saturday attempting to justify that omission. Your Effort Iri tho outset of that editorial to draw a distinction Between nets committed by the government within and outside of their military jurisdiction is hardly sound in Legal parlance a a it will not go on All to admit such a distinction would be tantamount to admitting a Power in the executive head of this government to establish an unlimited military despotism anywhere and everywhere in the free states of tho North. Admit the existence of such a distinction and the executive head of this nation has Only to Advance the military lines to any Point within the free states of tho North and from that moment according to tho singular logic of your editorial every citizen May to subjected to a Des Potish without limit and entirely beyond his control. The togs of the Constitution is removed from Lieford him and he stands naked and exposed to All the shafts of despotism. Thus Stop by step military District after military District being established would the citizens find their liberties encroached upon until finally Ono absorbing unlimited despotism would engulf to Weir present form of government. If i believed that such a Power existed in the president of the United states then Quot i would Welcome the Day that should usher in its ruin. It would to better for the advancement of the worlds civilization that such a government should to utterly Annilio la ted your error consists in this that you suppose martial Law exists in this country whereas it is not known or recognized and has been repudiated when its exercise was attempted. Martial Law remember is not military Law it is riot a a Rule proscribed a it exists in tho breast of a military commander his will is Law. It knows no. Chocks no limitations it is absolute imperative despotic. As sir Matthew la ale says a it is not Law but something indulged rather than allowed As Law.�?�. Such absolutism As this exists now Horo in our free Republic and if exec raised it is a most infamous usurpation unworthy spirit of the age and deserving Trio Uriost con Dign punishment. There Are military rules articles of War by which tho military and naval forces when in service Are governed and their principles Are As a a certain Dot a nil Nate Aud immutable As the principles of tho common and statue general Macomb in his valuable work on a nut martial speaking of these says a a thus the Liberty of the citizen under military Law so far As is consistent with the ends of Justice seems to be guarded with precautions Little inferior in their Power and Efficacy to those which secure personal Liberty under the Laws of the upon All arrests made by our articles of War the person at Hobo instance the arrest is nod a it by must be officer within with tho citizen is not to be subjected Merit or. The suffering of penalties without understanding wherefore it is due. By martial Law As you appear to understand i it a whole population upon tho Advent of tho military commander with his forces into any District is exposed to to seized without War rarity or oath houses broken open and rifled arid property confiscated at the arbitrary will of such commander and this too where the municipal Laws and its officers and courts remained undisturbed and Able to punish All Offe neos As was tho ease in Baltimore st. Louis Cincinnati and Harrisburg. By it ovary citizen instead of reposing Lindor the shield of known and fixed Laws to his property Liberty and life exists with a rope round his neck subject to to Hung up by a military despot under some drum Hend court martial. Atoll said Justice a Woodbury a a for convincing reasons in ovary country which makes any claim to political or civil Liberty martial Law is expressly forbidden it has been forbidden in England for near two centuries As Well As by the principles of every Othor free government.�?�. A. You certainly mean that kind of Law lion you speak of Trio right of the military com olandors within or near tho theatre of War to exercise discretionary Powers Over places in their military occupation. Now the Power exercised by military commander at such times and places is not discretionary but is regulated controlled and limited by of War. To imply tho exist once of such a Power in a commander would to to imply what is forbidden by All constitutional Cheeks by All usages of free governments and by All the rules of Coni nonsense and common Justice of such a Principio should to acquits cd in for a moment it would open the door to the grossest outrages As. In fact in some instances under a mistaken idea of to Weir Powers Havo been committed by some. Officers and for which in the future they will be hold to a most fearful responsibility. Alliy such a Principio is this Otoe admitted would eventually enable military despots to Render tie whole country what Bolivar at Ono time seemed to consider Liisu a campy and tho administration of government a Campaign. It May to that a military commander within his lines May establish in full Force and operation the military Laws As regulated by the articles of War but Bis Power Lith this extent no More he cannot tear men from their Homes and transport Thorn to Distant fortresses to be confined at his Solo will and pleasure. Lie cannot As was the Case in st. Ouis assess what property to pleases and make it respond to moot just such of Ign Nelos As May happen. If to does to is responsible and punishable for an abuse of authority not by Trio action of the president As you suppose but by tho party aggrieved for no Legal Principio is better established than that Whon an official oversteps tho limits of his authority and usurps Powers not delegated to him by tho Constitution he has put himself beyond tho Pale of tho Protection of his office and is liable like any private citizen with this distinction that whore to has used his Olf cml authority to effect any not of Gross injustice and oppression it is a Gross aggravation of his guilt and will to so considered in a Yorimi ill prosecution or in asking for exemplary damages in a civil action. Neither can tho president shelter Lam under tho allegation that to was acting under his orders As the United states supremo court has decided that if the president mistakes the Constitution or Trio construction of nil net of Congress and in Monse Quinco of it should give instructions not warranted by Trio Constitution or tho not any aggrieved party my to Yovor damages against tho off Ioor acting under those instructions which though Givon by tho president could furnish no justification or oxus of. Tho action had in re Orenco to tho Maryland officials you say a a has nothing Union constitutional in it. Tho Constitution confers tho right of making War to suppress insurrection and to Reform authorizes All tho Power incident to Trio prosecution of War. In other words it authorizes its own suspension in time of War to just that extent which tho Laws of War new permit Rny to remark that such seasoning As Alto Gothorp unworthy your reputation As a Public journalist. Our Constitution is a written instrument duly authenticated specifying Miu Toly Trio Powers and function delegated for the purposes of government and defining tho extent and limitations of tho same. All Powers not directly gear item tire reserved. It can neither to altered suspended nor destroyed by any Power of kept that which called it into being and then Only in the manner provided for in tie instrument itself. It is a government of enumerated and delegated Powers framed expressly upon the Hooi a that h shall exorcise no Powers except those which Aro do Logatoc and enumerated. Quot a litre it finds no prerogatives a says an eminent Jurist a in tho Constitution it was not meant to be clothed with them. There arc no inherent attributes about it. It was a written Constitution of tho Union expressly devised to got rid of All inferences and Imp lit cations of All sorts from general principles Rind abstract reasoning. Oneo let a necessity of any sort be recognized is above the Constitution and our system is anything or. Everything which it May to found necessary to make it. As necessity Lias no Laws so it Lias no limit a your idea therefore of its a a authorizing its Owsij suspension is simply absurd. A a a but these Maryland officials had committed no offence punishable by the articles of War. They were in Trio land or rival service they Wero not in the militia in actual Sonvico. Admitting All you say their Affonco was Only a civil one to be passed upon and punished by the civil tribunals that were then and Aro now open m Maryland although it is True Ono of the ministers of Justice bus from Trio judgment scat like a Felon. A hero then does tie government derive its authority to act toward american citizens As it has toward those victims of its Power ? you seem to entertain the erroneous idea in common w Atli Many of the journalists of orig Day that the president of the United states in a condition of affairs like Trio present Boot my a invested by some constitutional hocus pools or political legerdemain with All tho functions of a dictator that lie Boot my a the Law maker in do and executioner and still Moro monstrous conclusion May Delegate those terrible Powers to his marshals Provost marshals or his military lieutenants. Admitting tie Rig it of the president at his own volition to suspend the privilege Oft the writ of Hareas Corpus or to Delegate that Power to others which to most emphatically deny where i would ask in the name of outraged Justice does he derive the Power under tho Constitution to Susji end those absolute rights guaranteed to the citizens in Trio amendment to that instrument ? adhere. Pray is Liis Power to deny to these poor victims in tho military Basilos a a the right to a speedy and Public trial by tin impartial jury of the state or Dis ,heroin the Ermirio Samll Lavri been committed a. Where the right to withhold from them it tho nature arid cause of tho accusation against Thom a Power to shiny to them the privilege of a a being confronted with the witnesses against them a Mark it the suspension of the privilege of the writ of Hab eds Corpus Curtis with it no suspension of these absolute rights of the citizens Thoy remain intact and the Man who dares to deprive tho citizen of them is Rin usurper. If lie can assail those precious tights to May a a impose exc Eusivo fines a or he May a a inflict Eru al and unusual punishments who May restore a a Luke a Iron Crossn or Damien a Bod of steel who May order Back to your judicial tribunals the Rariek tiie boo Tikins tho thumbscrews and tho Quot Pine Forte cd yet tie absolute rights of those Maryland officials have All been taken away from Thom by the a Flat of tho president or some of his subordinates. rights which judge Story says a a Are above tho reach of All the departments of this government a and yet you justify and Defond tho assault made thus upon them let a the president. Ave shall be grievously disappointed if you still persist in turning a deaf ear to tho cry of outraged humanity that comes up from the dreary Canso mints of Awarren and Lafayette. Such grievous wrongs and outrages Arri not to to weighed for a moment in the balances of an honest judgement against the trifling persecution of a Fow substitute brokers Wii Ose Affonco was in trying to Mako a Fortuno out of the fears and apprehensions of to Weir fellow citizens. If you have no sympathy for the prisoners themselves Irive you none for their families ? the daughter of the patriotic author of the a Star spangled banned a mourns a husband nud a son from lioi1 embraces for More than a Twelvemonth by tho Iron bars of a prison House. Over their dungeons whote they have Ling Rod so Long without Chance or Opportunity of a hearing Waves As if in flaunting mockery that Star spangled Banner tie Noble father of mrs. Howard Mado immortal in song As to tho refusal of those prisoners to Tako tho oath of allegiance we answer the government has not the. Shadow of a right to demand it. To Mon in their position it is an oath unknown to the Laws an extra judicial oath. If taken and violated being extorted by duress of imprisonment it would not to binding Oil their conscience any More than an oath Given to a with a pistol at your head. An indictment for perjury could not be sustained for a violation of such an oath. But this is not their ground of refusal. It is tint being innocent of All offence worthy of Thoy regard acquaintance in Trio demand of tho government is an admission of guilt and As com promising to Weir position in tho Oyes of their friends and the world. Avo did Liopo that tho hold stand you Lead taken in Rofo Ronco to the Roc ont illegal arrests was actuated by loftier motives and More Liberal views than those revealed in your recent editorial. Avion the press coasts to to tho guardian and defender of Trio constitutional rights of Trio citizen or trembles and crouches it Trio Footstool of Power to for for tho future of this nation As to have been taught to believe that n free press was vitally essential to tho sure preservation of our liberties yours respectfully James a. . A a Lle Riotta a said a landlord to Liis girl a when there a bad nows from a Ashing ton or any bad nows particularly private affliction always lot Trio boarders know it before dinner. It May soom Strung Henrietta but such Little things Mako a great Dit Orenco in of atm in the Courso of a psf Quot if tho american Union were to perish Trio world might As Well to made a Bonfire. Of ble Sodis Thoroman whose husband has a wooden log As she will have but Ono stocking to knit.�?�,. Consternation in a Chioran a the bos ton Herald Aie publicity to the following incident which it locates in a City within forty Miles of the Hub Oft the tho town with Oither a s or a the Herald done to say which of a a Railroad Man of that quietly Jolly Butylo which takes with everybody who likes n Good joke but knowingly do a wrong Cricri final thing for the world is frequently called to this town and its Vicinity by business. One sunday recently he Rode to an adjoining town and called on an acquaintance. Who had Somo very nit a bottled cider which tho presumption is lie tried. Ashen our rail Road Friend came away to was entrusted with a bottle of this cider to to delivered to another Railroad Man in Boston. The bottle was not very Bulky our Friend had capacious pockets in his coat and boy he slipped tho original package into one of them. On Arri a ving at the town of the doubtful name but which positively does begin with either s of a he saw the door of a snug Little Church wide open and being a regular Church goer lie went in. He had a seat in a prominent Pew with three Young ladies in front a Deacon near by and the elite of tho congregation near him. The services were commenced and on Friend was soon under that influence which is always produced by the inspiring music tho solemn invocation and Trio sym a Eliot to devoted Ness of an orthodox congregation in a country r a it tie pastor had commenced his Sermon the audience was unusually still and attentive and our Friend was just wondering what illustration the pastor would use. For a knotty theological Point relating to the punishment of sinners we Icib lib Ivas just developing when a Avick i pop i Spud a Hist fizz a a a la out came the Cork from the bottled cider which oar Friend had forgotten All about just grazed a lady a full crowned Bon Ririe going half Way up to the ceiling and coming Down with another pop into the aisle. Forth from tho month of the bottle issued a a a allow Isle Whito Stream like that from an Inch nozzle at fire on inc trial Only bailing foaming Seething and spluttering in an incomparable manner. Our Friend s clothes Wero Satura ted and tie apparel of tie Young ladies ill front acid of various members of tho elite All around did not escape. Oui readers can judge of tho sensation produced in tie Church. Jen. How a Stop is press Riis Rion to a a among the its at the st. Nicholas hotel minnow York lid Boon Gen. Sam. Houston of Texas. A Gen. Houston is As his acquaintances , fond of mirth and fun and in Short is Whitt do Sticks would Call a p. By perfect Brick. Tie. Gooral however entertains an intense hatred for that species of human beings called a bores one of. Those Gentry Good natured but soft he Defi. Chap a regular Button Holder cornered hint one Day at Liis hotel. He had managed to be introduced to him the Day previous. A general a said tho bore after lie Grid bothered Mir. Houston out of All patience. A i wish you would do me one More favor. A Man of your Eminence Iraq competent Divoll. Liat is it a do handed or. Houston rather a a a Velb you see or. Houston a Yod Are such a 7-�?T Quot Quot. A never mind that what do you want to know in. A. A a a excuse Nie but a person of Yorior abilities and distinction must to aware a a a i am somewhat in haste a interrupted Toto badgered senator a Pray ovine to tho Point amp to once a. A. A. Avell then Tell me the Secis of yours to oops in life Bow Yon Rose in position As you a. A a a but that Benefit you any i can Tell you How you can Rise in the world if you a a that a just it was tho reply just what was trying to got at ,.a Avell sir ill Tell you. Undertake to apm pro Rich a sore headed Bull with a red Scarf around your neck. Ill guarantee your up Ward it Ogress immediately on tho completion of a the Button bolder collapsed shoeing his Liaty a his head and walking sorrowfully away while a Cluster of gentlemen near by who had heard tho conversation fairly. Screamed with laugh Tor. A. Found Iii Young Kirin cd Afi in. Homespun was standing in court few Days since devouring a doughnut Wbeck he was accosted by one of a half dozen go tool dressed idlers with a. A just come Down.�?�. A a yes guess i have great Plano this ainu to Tycon a said the countryman.,. A Otis so Hub Liowns your Marni a asked the City Buck Benjin sport with Trio greenery.,.a a Avell Sho pretty Well Sho sent to Down Here on a she did ? Arhat kind of Busic Ess Are you on a. A. I. A a Alliy she wanted me to come Down to Boston and to look round and find a half Doz a on of the biggest files to Dicato Mem and-1 rather guess in be got my Oyez on Mem. said the stranger taking in the whole crowd at a glance. It. It tho next moment to had the edges fens to himself where Lio quietly finished ills doughnut. A Rich Iii lib tit Money. Many Aman is Rich without Noncy. Thou Sands of men without nothing in the pocket and thousands without a Vii a pocket Are Nob a Man born with to Good sound Constitution a Good Stonia ii a Good lie tort and Good limbs and a pretty Good head piece is Nob. Good Bones. Are better than Gold Tough Muscles than Silver arid nerves that Flash fire and carry in orgy to every function Aro better than houses and lands., it is better than a landed estate to Jingo tha right kind of father and Mother. Good Breeds and had Breeds exist among men really do among Herd Anil Bersos. Education May do much to Cheek evil tendencies or to develop Good Onos hut As a great thing a to inherit tie right proportion of faculties to Start with. A that Man is Rich who has a Good disposition who is naturally kind patient cheerful hopeful and who has a flavor of Stit and fun in his composition. The hardest thing to got along with in this life is a Many a own a self. A resp selfish fellow responding and complaining follow a timid care burdened Many these have All been deformed on the inside. Their feb May not Limp but their thoughts do. By an ambitious Young lady Rivas talking very loud and fast about her Favorito author when a literary chop Skod. Hor if she liked Lamb. Avith a look of. Ineffable disgust she arise Rod her interlocutor that she Unrod vory Little about what Sha Ato compared with knowl Cego. A. A a much remains Unsung Quot As the too oat remarked to tho brio Bat when it abrupt by Cut Short Bis serenade. A

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