Page 1 of 22 Jan 1852 Issue of Carlisle American Volunteer in Carlisle, Pennsylvania

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Carlisle American Volunteer (Newspaper) - January 22, 1852, Carlisle, PennsylvaniaMetical a Kab bridal Dat. Sha Loma Buida her Mirror in her old accustomed Tsee a yet something unfamiliar a on her Lovely face. She wears a Wreath a a bit Wreath which Iet she Nevar Korea. It lived a a Leneis to the Cheek unknown to it before. 2v�?o a a the to the Grove. of the Sowers beneath she take the Lily or the Rose to bind her Midnight Wreath 5u1 of a by her not though fair its blossoms lib Only the Triue hath leave to Wear buds from the Orange tree. Once Only once that Wreath is worn a onco Only May she Wear. ,. A. A hair6 Wreath of Orange Flowers within bar shining Thoy Wear upon their soft wan Bloom the Shade of coming year a a a. A a Tho spiritual presence is around of human Hope of cars a Lut her son thoughtful eyes upon her Mirror dwell. Por. In that Long tender look she to Okoth her fire Tell of All her youth s unconsciousness Oral her lighter cares of a deeper sadder lifts a woman Slot prepares. She leaves familiar place the hearts that were her own Tea love Towman one trusts Nesseu is yet b Tang unknown though at one name her Check turned red though Sweet it be to hear. Yet for that name she must resign so touch that has been dear. A. T is an anxious happiness is a fearful thing when first the Maidens Small White hand puts on Tho Golden a ring 1. She pm Seth from Hytt father s House unto another care who May any what troubled hours what sorrows wait her Thero a a. love use Aro. Mysteries both Blessing hot Blest Quot f Quot. Quot a a Quot yet How much they teach the heart of trial in rest Sweet Maiden White these troubled thoughts a mid bridal of Knees sweep 1 Well syst thou penal to watch thy Glass Turo aside to weep. . Death in the the Duel on horseback or Cal Al. Slip my Rnold. Colonel Bill Borlin waa Iho Genera Litimo of the a Hera. To Well deserved the Lilla which he a amp a won by Many a desperate deed. He possessed skill in the use of All Aorta of to murderous weapons that it might be pronounced virtual Aai Clde to even Eibink of encountering him so rapid was his Molioo to unerring his mortal the terrible Cognomen of death in Tho Eye told truly the Mark at which to always i fed a Mark he had never once missed while such was Bis Aeton Jui Youlls it Tuyin Al a Tju muu8wishing quickness that hit antagonist usually fell i us Brill land a the Sunbeam that kissed it. A Horario voice louder More menacing than that of the Scarf gave one shudder. The sentence Sheri red like a warning from eternity a a revelation at it were from the Depths of hell. A who ire you that dare to interrupt the business of the court exclaimed judge evade,.with the dignified majesty of a King. My name is col.1bill Borlin but most persons a death in the Eye was the answer. 4bulin Law you have another name replied evens smiling. A it Tell me what it is but take Good it the of your eyes ret fled Borlin with Usupo Amablo fury. 4 it is murder said. Evans add the smite on his Lipa before Pale As Sun Bino was now a Wreath of lurid . 4 you shall pay dearly for that word within a Ltd a week fairly shouted the do list grinding his Teeth like a raging beast 4 there is no Lime like the present was. The Calm a Pip 4 now interrogated Borlin As if doubting the Velden of of his ears. A yes now if you Havo Tho enrage to Challenge me Laid Evans 1 do Challenge you thundered Borlin. 1 i accept answered Evans 4 name your seconds 4 we will fight without any. 4the terms asked Borlin with signs of astonishment. Of horseback in the Litlo Prairie West of the Village one half hour from this each armed with As Many pistols knives As he can procure or sees fit to carry said Evans apparently passionless As if defending a motion in court. Noon but Tho chief Octora in this extraordinary scene uttered a syllable or offered to interfere for ail saw that such attempts would be unavailing perhaps dangerous to the Medlar. One half hour after wards the parties met in the Hutto Prairie which was circular in form about three Hundred Yards in diameter. By tacit consent both to lated by Tho same purpose they assumed their stations in the Edge of the Limber on opposite aides. Both wore Strong belts literally stiff with knives both were mounted on powerful steeds but of oppo Sito colors hat of Tho judge being s Wii Ilo a a Snow blood Wilto the colonel s was Black Glossy As the Wing of a Raven. The features of the riders in that race of death presented very of expression. The colonels brow looked dark no the gloom of a tempest Stern lowering awful but to handsome face of the judge was Gay smiling of Bilboul pulling he trigger. An enemy stood i Ernult etude stood around in Tho Grove speechless Al belter Chance by resorting to the sword of Bowie rail Cerr fied with the scene about to open knife against one in whose hands the Flash of Stoel suddenly the colonel waved a White handkerchief was like lightning As Swift As mighty to Alay Ono a a Tho Ial ,0 we a in t,0 acl 0r starting who appeared to surpass All Olhorn men As much in a8 Row from the Bow terrible As balls from arc Ngab As in activity a giant to stature a Gladia a cannons Mouth the two horsemen with pistols Tor in practice a fiend in courage. Mis blog a eked fingers firm on Tho trigger shot towards Liphy in itself was More Quot thrilling than a novel Eacil Olbur it when within fifty at cps of each other Wilder than the Wildcat Romance Tho very aral who colonel halted Ullh surprising dexterity act this dreadful daring revealed in All their Force crying in loud lanes�?4 now take Caro of your eyes . Fullness the two essential elements of Bis Char. A Csc to a Al Rcd act cry the ferocious st Dor of his appetite for revenge at the instant the judge urged his to Csc to on evolution As if bounding Over a will the Bullet aimed for his orc struck Tho Silver pummel of Bis Saddle glanced off without harm. Continuing the Iron Pertinacity of his indomitable will. At the age of lwen1y,.lie pursued the Assassin of his brother All the Way from Carolina to Canada to 11,0 dinner tuba in r0r, a velocity to Iho colonel we Luln Quebec yol ouch Hod been Iho cunning of. In. Lorm a Ohli Jing l .1 Tho other. Num orom a cloy of Swift i u l �ir., Capo safely to Iii Ogutu tiie achievement Ltd course. Bit Timo neither ted thousand dollars. From tills Elmo Forward his 1 homed but passed almost touching each other life was one Long War. Almoral every month in Tho b a i it pai8�, Euch drawing from his foe year Law him engaged in some fatal Duel fatal Only m Stream of blood. The aame charge was repeated to others never hurtful. To him while each week Wilh Tho Liko results huf amp dozen times till their witnessed the occurrence of casual affray often As fire Arr 9 Scro Ezi aug tech save a Small pistol in the bloody As his More regular combats. To was the Ockel 0p to colonel yet they both kept their Napoleon of Iho Knafo . Dot Tho Trullio i impartial history compel to to record that this the last sweep fall was terrific. Tho horses Many so fearful in Hia deeds Whoso right Arm rocked War j a Etc in foam the riders were covered with with Gore to the Elbow was not commonly the age qom both reeled in their Volits yet they Rush Grot Sorio his quarrels. Ofter. The friends of those \ on re madly As Over while two terrific cries As he had vanquished in fair fights assaulted him from started warned the Appal this motives of revenge. The Fame of Hia prowess pro i a to Ujj would to final. Some desperate bought Vok the Voln Jeu Louisy of a thurs. He had Sci ukr 8000ie j t0 Luve occurred to each Al the Lauio instant de the perilous rep Lution of a matchless hero the Llorin a self in wild cries yells like nothing ardent he desperate the ambitious would win i earthly but shrieking Savago Demoniac. On they possible Hia a Crew. Every Young Llu Rennes longed Al cwt by kept straight Onward they swerved not to kill the Lien so As to clothe himself in his skin t e Regj to or a they met Liko Tho collision of thus was Borlin forced to maintain an inter us verse comets. Down went Tho Strong at Cedar a Neble War. It is so n Oil professions. Thero can Down Lulb out riders. A i surely this must to be no Peaco in High places storm Hail Thunder t1o Job t not yet. See the judge rises tot. Who break around Trio mountings brow. Icing slowly to his feet his Faco still Wear Tai dualist was Ono Otbo earliest settler 101 dial smile by All its Wislon Texas where to became Iho chief of Tho blood unconquerable by All its bruises. To colonel Lynching party. In Hia own county of a Lamsam no 1 ounn0l 8tund, yet to is not dead he Rhhea in his boundless influence indeed to would not suffer a ,00y pc 8 crushed worm. The judge approach foe to reside within a is limits Flence he might Homo i crop Elt it halting to his enemy Sion i plunge openly defined the Law had such been Hia pleasure be Bill lip Knole into hit heart. To is Tho Victor on but his shrewd far seeing sagacity adopted a to Deal a foot yet. Hark a crack a Roar Wiser safer course. After perpetrating any i a Foj Ihu colonel master also hit expiring Oner homicide to invariably submitted his own Etc to. Fire hj8 jul putt exclaim in Lone of the grand jury sure of a triumphant acquit Al by Hia Bellush Triumph i told you to Tako Caro of your friends of trial thus should Publio sentiment. Ever Librn against him in the future he would been Tje Lorr fico spectators ran to Tho spat. The an a blvd to plead effectual verdicts labor of All to agonists wore both does. Tho right Eye of the offences j judge waa shot out. The colonel was 4 Doalph in the at length Tho Lime arrived which Tho colonel had g to so Luing anticipated.�?T, a wealthy intelligent Clase i of citizens began to change Tho current of opinion in in Truon so that in the county election Tho friends of order by a alight majority gained their on diddle for sheriff. This waa a terrible blow to Tho Lynch or As it deprived Thorn of their Securo vantage1. A a . Tell Fitl five jacks in Tho peek Iii i i ii Woll known he Tomo Len you re Bank it we i around in Pao Kunj Jurylo. to imp0t�?zbl. In in Kivor will. shift Elk. J ?.d nol Lul no Ullh Numo Ioui go nary >1.0 a Pool nod. Tho old. V., bul Moro prop Rucoly Tormod lick log. . Thoy Scro a till �?ou�0,0�? 1. Ynid in Doy. It to. Of Fri Quonn oco Arronco l us Iho ,. . Log my to Pilot. Ongl�Oor., on Malmo. Oren Iho . Iho of oort to Manor All Ihor a Irene la to a on 0 r dul Wuu a uh0hind a i poker or Brog Cpnuol. their . Moo i indeed Woro they to we Noaa Tho m 9 o clock in Tho morning of a a a Quot , . trick Nricll. by Worth Day in september 1842. Tho new judo Lookhe a travel Ora that it would month Odonoh. Howo. Of Longor r 0. Enrol to Tor Tho to Nomo l,8olonor.n.plred, How of Orpo 1 in to Sclena acc Brolly on ony Oki Cor of of order with _ yes a a a the i.i�?oahto7hrw� a a by Drea. with. Tho with Ringo Nomo a Iarj Eltolia acc Troi a a a a a of by once at first inspired with a be a l l0 a pm is Finger boat. A celebrated Pilot by the friends of Ordor with doubt p4�nfulf? t,0 nani0 0f who has travelled the liens on. Charles Evans was a Young Man of Iwen 1b18tdl in Hon Tho past ten years has not heard a der , sri a a a vol known to Hlaj finician Tasley we fingers oco Aslon invited by one of the sporting l in lond quoth i 0r o 1 Goi Lemon atm o Bond of old a did at. Goody. Manner. I. Long or a Oor hero oct plod Tho , Golden a Olor waving in curio Ormond h or a a a a Ojo a a a Owen no. No to complexion of Hio Cui Tomor Iho Sweet mile of comp Lucent Vonly booming a Lugo in a ,0 much to Onnic that Irlo Hio him on oops of olm oot Lolo Rozaly hot a no 0i us any 0. Putting up Tho Popora Fqy Minuno. ,. A a i. In i Tho Frame Progress Chad had now Somo four col Bill Borlin Saxod on this oppy Letlon wills in a a a Dou Phi a po0on,t a when Tho latter got. Oon Limpl will peered to Irlo a Rcd of we sting Hio valuable Limo Tho Boot. W. Will Homo it .11 Way to. Kindly us i a Rod of a a a e o bring Tea l0sent us a a bids Waney. to take with him a Otto i into so address. If Tho colonel had paid More Al Tollon to Tho Man drawing from his less to the clothing to would Ujj crap have been log to prot atm who led to a different Oono Luelon for there we. O Al no to p a a f i j m now Bull leaving ill Bel Light in the .�. Blue Eye. Of Tho a ii Fth you of to Solod a Quot Llor. Lit i i will turn. Jock la. That wont Como Al irregular , like Limo Yon o of play or lightning in. Summer Cloud while a Quot Voll replied Chadwick a if you la a. To non or 111. A Mouth wore a wed re Elul. Ion i a up lilt i m0 undor.l. it , expression Boto Kening Tho opposite of Pulsney May #8 Well play one or two More at fear. J. a a old Clodgo so As to Loso no my coat sleeve. Perhaps i Rake Tho Pilot is needless to add that bad Wink the Pilot had turned jacks before Wiio to sharper supposed he was enticing Chad in a sure trap Chad fas bus ily occupied in transplanting the jacks from Iho a amp of to the Coal sleeve of his Pilot coat. The Model a Amandd As the press throughout Tho Connery hdm a been giving circulation to a picture of the my do wife for the past three months we believe we Oai do no better than to do Justice to the Model Husyt a by giving the following portraiture of that exo Hilary individual find floating about in Turco changes. His pocket Book is Nevor empty when his if Calls Mon of. He sits by in Bra at. Night feed Long Thomas Jefferson Smith with a Pap spoon whilst Hia wife takes a comfortable Nap dreams of the new shawl Ehe Means to buy to next Day. As Uno Good turf deserve a another he a. Allowed to hold , about the soft molasses Gingerbread Tomt is robbed into his hair coat Vest during these Happy con. Jugal seasons. To always laces on his Wifod a boots lest Tho exertion should make her to red in to Faco Buforo going out to promenade. He never Calls any. Woman pretty before mrs Smith. He gives the female Smiths French Gaiter boots parasols silk dresses the boys now jackets pop guns crackers without any questions. He never Breaks the Seal of any of his Wifod a Billot dour or prep sewer her shoulder when she is answering the same. To never holds the drippings of the umbrella Over her new Bonnet inst new hat is innocent of a rein drop. To never complains when he is late Home to dinner though the Little Smiths May have loft him nothing but Bones. He never lakes Tho a newspaper roads it before mrs. Smith Lias had a Chanco to run Over Tho adv or. Tise Menla deaths marriages amp a. To always got into bed first on cold nights to take off the chill for Bis wife. If the children in the next room scream in Iho night to done to expect his wife to Tako an air Bath to find out what is the Maltor. He Haa icon known to Wear mrs Smiths night map in bed to Moko Tho baby think it was its Mother. When to carries to children up to to christened he Liu lds them right up done to Tumble their rocks. When Tho minister Aaka him Tho Nomo to says a Lucy sir a distinctly that to need not mistake it Lucifer. Who goes Home trots who child till Tho Sermon is Over while his wife remains in Church to receive Tho congratulations of the Parish gossips. If mrs. Smith has company to dinner there Aro not strawberries enough his wife looks at him with a Fawcet smile offers to help him at the Samo Timo gently kicking him with her Slipper under Iho table he Saya 4 no thank you dear they done to agree with to approves of bloomers pantaloons or to says women will do As they like to should As soon think of driving Tho nails into his own coffin As trying to atop her. A Story of a russian priest \ Tho cruel complications to which to system of serfdom Tho of serf owner Somo time Load Are strikingly exemplified in the Story of a russian priest with whom or. Jermann made an acquaintance during near st. Peters big. Tho. Priest father was a serf on an estate yearly Zabrok or Fine in lieu of the labor to was Jound to perform. He. Obtained employment in the household of a Rich Goldsmith there occupied his Leisure in drawing for which to had a natural taste. Ona Day he surprised his employer by the exhibition of amp Beautiful arabs no design. Tho Goldsmith stuck by his ability released him from ills mental duties took him a a Pupil into his workshop where his Talent backed by a wearying Assiduity a converted Tho Dull peasant into highly skilled artist. Thus to continued until to reached his five . Twentieth year when he fell in love with the Gold Smith s daughter a Beautiful girl of eighteen she ardently returned his love Hor i Thor consented to their Union on Ono conditions that Tho serf should become a Freeman. This condition could not to complied with. The count obstinately refused to liberate ills Vassal Ull that entreaty could wring from him was the Promise that without absolute Necesse. By he would not withdraw him from the town. This did not satisfy lha old Goldsmith but to could nol resist his daughters Toors Tho lovers Scro uni. Tod a year of perfect happiness flew rapidly then Taino the War with Franco the bridegrooms younger brother waa taken for military service Bia father died to himself was summoned by Hia owner to manage Tho now deserted farm. On Hia brother a return from the army to waa to be Al Liberty to go Back to Kasan. But Bis brother never returned Iho poor artist lha cunning Wurker in Gold Silver was condom nod to follow Tho plough whilst his Freo born wife sat beneath a self s roof nursing her infant son this child was her Only Consolation in her sadly altered circa Milan pcs. She passed Hor Limo in dressing adorning it the fume of its Beauty spread through the Hamlet till it to aced Tho ears of Tho countess who demanded to see t he child. Tho proud Mother decked it out Liko a Lamb for Tho sacrifice took it to the Cupelle. The countess waa do lighted with its Beauty As so might Homo been with that of or Par rot do cured her intention to do its parents Iho Honor of adopting it. In Vul Tho Mother wept implored roped in despair at in Prospect of losing her Eon. Tho infant remained upon Lap Tho Mother was forcibly turned out of the Castle. Brought up in luxury Tho boy thought not of Iho Parent to bad scarcely known Tho count died soon after ills adoption leaving i widow with two tons s daughter besides the adopted son two adopted daughters. The six children grew up together in perfect Equality receiving the aame education sharing the Samo sports until the serf son reached his fifteenth year. At that period Iho you no count fell dangerously i. Tho physicians abandoned him his despairing Mohor Mode a vow that if lie recovered she would Devurle All Hor adopted Rohll Drin to the Church he did recover she sent her two ado plod daughters to a Convent one took Tho veil Tho Othor so obstinately refused it that the Superior of the Convent sent her Back again to the countess who furious other refusal Eye her in Marri Ogo to a gamekeeper a does Elul follow who took Hor away to Moscow. Then Caino Tho turn of the Goldsmith a son. He had no Testa for Iho Priesthood but what could to do a serf a son of a serf obedience was his Only passport to Freedom refusal would condemn him to a life of toll misery. By consenting lie Al set secured Hie Oman spation for no serf can be priest in Russia. To yielded was Reo Elved into Tho Church it was during Hie residence at the Seminary that or. Jermann fell to we Loti him Hoard from his own ups Tho Ead Story or Bis life correspondence. Judtih gala Haals a charge to the grand jury Jab. Term 1809. Grand Jory room a ?. January 15, 1853. A Hon. Jambs h. Graham. The grand jury much pleased with your address to them believing the publication of it might be of great Good to the Community in the explanation upon licenses Selling of liquor on the Sabbath Day have desired me As Foreman to ask a copy for Public Aron which. Hope you May feel pleased to furnish. A. With great respect Geo. H. Bucher Foreman. F Carlisle i5th january 1853. Dir Sim Fagre ably to your request 1. Herewith transmit a copy of the charge to which you Quot Vor respectfully yours a j. A Graham. Go. Ii. Junuer esq., Foreman of the grand jury. Charge. Jurys your Mth is 4>that you will diligently inquire a of Rue presentment make a Well of All such Mallos things As shall be Given you in charge As nose things which you know to be pre Rentable the Commonwealth s counsel your Fellows Andy Crown you shall of Cen a secret. You shall preset no one for envy haired or ill will neither Shal you leave any one a presented through fear favor All Clion Reward gain or any Hope thereof but you shall present All things truly As they shall Tome to your knowledge to the Bast of your this is a Brief but comprehensive summary of your duties is grand jurors to cannot belter Aid you in Tho discharge of those duties than by adverting a style in detail to Tho requirements of your oath. By it you arc enjoined not Only to in quire but to inquire diligently As Well Quot of All such matters things As shall be Given you i charge i those which you know to be you lit Obs Oivo lit Fri Junti. A a nil limit Hll la a disposition of the Bills of indictment which May up want Borough or township in which such u .1,0 your Layern u popo8ed f0 be kept should certify to the Wtiz of Arndi jury being called sworn the judge commenced Lua charge at Tho sound of i. Volvo everybody a Urt the tones Woro shrill a a trumpet Stern ringing imperious ilk of a commando Ron Parade. Having go snowed rapidly Oyer to Legal definitions penalties of Crimo a proceeded to descant Hjrao Tho responsibility of juries Loaid in its supp Cislon. His soul appeared to eaten _. A a a a at. A a l. 1.1 Ohff Usu ii Ulvi my a a a a a a. As Thoy Yonl lured. Their Quarter game the fancy gentleman was particular in making it Cloar to the mind of Tho Pilot that Thoro being fifty two Oarda in the pack Only four jacks Iho of Hanics were altogether in his favor. So being satisfied on that Point a Quot nov my Friend i think i understand i Bellevo with you that i Lugo Alt Gelhar the advantage �?�1,Otilo fir h Iho . Voito by Tonola Solod . you .1,0 a a a n,.e�?~, by Lio vrlt.,?. Poi rain Mel Long Iho , horror or Lillqu. Lili nature of Bol tic. The Oford. turn. Hum a a a a a. Till i i Zarfl. A inti in. 3mklu 0ld Lugt Firth Tell a Toad Ullh the bold ened he the of Roguer gown.  �>1 a ill a a rent at a vision of Heavon realized on Earthan i Foj Herb my Friend i reckon there is a he Finell closed with the bold Annm moment a a a Tho firn Limo z hand Over the Money. Put Down Lynching wherever i have the Honor Oft to fast my ancient add Chad not presiding or 1 will myself be Pul in the gravel i vow la p8ok for i have i a Ksn Mill Eniy Esko Oare of your eyes cried Lnu of wee no then treating . Such expedients to evade the letter of the Law Are miserable subterfuges which will not Avail those who practice Quot them. The jaw is Broad enough to cover Ana Strong enough to hold All those who to link to escape its meshes by such cunning trickery when such Are detected in their craftiness they certainly Merit its severest penalties we can scarcely conceive a greater evil that can be inflicted on a Community than a tipping Bouse in their Taj st where Quot the youth manhood whose characters for Good or evil through life Are being formed Are permitted to meet in companion Shin with Tho Idle the profane the besotted occasional hour under their contaminating influence. If therefore you wish to protect the youth of the county from such pernicious examples you cannot watch with too much vigilance every influence which would corrupt their morals nor expose with too much rigor those Load Ihen from the Phons of Usei tenuous a us Muo. We have said that from a very Early period in the history of Pennsylvania the Sale of intoxicating drink in Small quantities has Boon restrained by legislative enrolments to those Only who shall first procure a Power to Grant such License is now vested in the judges of the court of Quarter sessions the whole Tenor of the legislation of state on this subject evidently contemplates that licenses to soil liquor by less measure than a quart shall be granted where the court is satisfied that a House of entertainment to accommodate the Publio entertain strangers travellers is necessary where the applicant is provided with the necessary conveniences for such accommodation is of Good repute for honesty Temperance. But while the Law contemplates that licenses shall be granted cases to which we have referred it expressly provides that no court shall License any inn or tavern which shall nol be necessary to the Publio entertain strangers or travellers nor unless they shall be satisfied of the fitness of the applicant the sufficiency of the accommodations. A a. As Evi Denoo of the necessity of a tavern or inn the Good character of the applicant the sufficiency of the accommodations the act of Assembly Lia Futia 4,1 it inti if Tuluo foul Mulh isell amp cons be Laid before you by the Tel strict attorney oath requires More extended inquiry that you make presentment of All criminal offences known to any member of y body which tray have been committed within the limits of your county. Selected As you have been from the different sections of Iho county it can scarcely be supposed that any flagrant breach of the peace could be perpetrated without coming within the knowledge of one or Moro of your number. Here we would advert to a misapprehension which is frequently entertained by grand jurors to wit that their duty Only requires presentment to be made when the facts upon which such presentment Are founded Are known to one or More of the jurors. Although it is True that no presentment ought to be made without satisfactory Ovi Denoo from those to whom the facts Are known grand jurors would not to justified in making presentment from re Causa to Namiji evidence Jet theia they have just of information Ufi it my Inal Law have been committed the peace. dignity of the Commonwealth have been wantonly outraged violated it is a misconception of duty to pass Over such rumours under the pretext that the facts Are nol within the personal knowledge of any juror therefore beyond their cognizance. You will recollect that you Are required to make diligent inquiry of �11 such matters things As you know to be presentable. By diligent inquiry Quot you will not understand a Mere inquiry of each other whether a violation of criminal Laws has come within the personal knowledge of any juror. If any member of the grand jury has reason to believe either from Publio Fame or private information that a criminal offence Haa been committed within your jurisdiction requiring the folic action of your body it is his duty to make known the circumstance a Lohia follow Aurora should you deem the Case such Aslo require investigation ample Means will to afforded you through the medium of witnesses to make the necessary inquiry ascertain the truth. Although the grand j Ury have not the Power to Issue subpoenas or process to compel the attendance of witnesses before them the Zouri upon your representation will Flord every facility by subpoena attachment if necessary to secure the witnesses As an efficient conscientious discharge of your duties May require. You Are also required to keep secret the com Mono Otho a counsel your fellow jurors your own. This is an important part of the duty of a grand juror which we fear la frequency regarded with too much indifference. The counsel advice direction instruction of the District attorney whose duty it is to counsel advise with you w whenever you May Roquito it la not to be divulged to any Ono beyond the limits of the jury room a Tho us Yungi doings Tho actions Anil deliberations of every juror should be considered an inviolable Trust by his fellow jurors no one can even to his own acts Pond not in to injury room without violating the obligation imposed by his oath. You Aro further required in the discharge of your duties As grand jurors to divest yourselves of ovary feeling that could Bias your minds or exercise an improper influence upon your judgments a a Uch feeling As envy hatred or ill will ear favor Affe Olton Reward or Hope of gain should find no place in your deliberations. You Havo been a elected set apart As the conservators of the peace the morals Good order of the Community in which you reside. Your duties Aro grave important their proper discharge requires on your part the exercise of an elevated morality High tuned conscientiousness. You will therefore be careful not to Pormie your judgments to be influenced by indignation against crime Eoas to carry you beyond the evidence substitute your feelings for Loots. But at the same Lime you will be equally guarded not to permit a misguided Charity or misplaced sensibility to screen the culprit from the Legal of Hia crime Thero is a penal statute to which we with to direct Tho attention of the grand jury a we con curious facts about is one Remar Pablo foot Joanne Otid with the fall of rain which has Nev for yet received a Lufa it rte by Oppl Nalion. Oyer any Folven spot Moro rain Falls at the surface of Tho Earth than above it. Hebe Don made Somo experiments to ascertain ibis hot in the it it allowing manner to fixed a rain gusts on the Square part of the roof of Westminster Abbey away from the Western Low. On which Milit obstruct the Clouds another on the roof Ofa neighbouring House a third on Tho ground of Tho a Amo. The number of indies of rain caught on Tho Abbey roof was on the House top 16, in the Gordon 33. The illustrious French astronomer Arego has for Many yes i noticed the full of rain st Dlf Forout Heights at Tho Observatory , his results with which hundreds of other agree no like those of Hebe Don. It a a Well known that Alder the evil to which u applies Ope of the greatest nuisances that can be of looted upon . More than one Hundred forty years so Noel the legislature of the then province of Pennsylvania Pas add on not to prevent Publio houses or inns being kept without a License. In its preamble Tho intention of the act is said to to a for preventing disorders the mls Orlefa that May happen by multiplicity of Publio houses of . The Wisdom of this Early legislation its salutary influence to Bellove Havo never been doubted although various supplements amendments have Beon Mado to Tho original act Tho Bone finial design intended to be effected by the Wisdom of forefathers has been carefully guarded from that Early period to the presort time it Haa been an offence indictable in criminal courts to Roll spirituous liquor by less measure than a quart without a License. The gain acquired by the a ale of ardent spirit i it i Naif tip Al Nifina a above requisites. Although no License can be granted without Tho petition being accompanied by the certificate above designated this to consider Only Quot Prima fact evidence May be counterbalanced by the personal knowledge of the court. But Many applications will necessarily be made where none of the members of the court have any knowledge either1 of the necessity of a tavern the character of the applicant or the sufficiency of Tho acc Momoda. Lions. A a the legislature have therefore wisely provided that the polite a a of the applicant the certificate to which we have referred with the names of twelve reputable citizens annexed shall be published in a newspaper in the county three tunes before the first Day of the term of the court to which application Ahall be made. This Salu Laty proy�b��ajiwfldwuw3cj�mam.slw Al a up Ern is proposed to be paced if Tho application is objectionable either for want of the necessity of a Public House which the Law contemplates the character of the Appl Loani or the sufficiency of the accommodations ample Opportunity a a afforded to place the truth before the court either by remonstrances or affidavit taken upon reasonable notice to the applicant. When application la made for a License where the accommodation of the Public does not ret utre it or the tractor applicant is not such of Tho Law designates to consider it a much the duty of those to whom the truth of the Baso is known to make known the fact to the court As it is. The duty of the court to refuse a License where the applicant fails to bring his Case within the provisions of the act of Assembly. It is a Maxim of Law that he who remains silent when to ought to speak will not to permitted to gainsay an acl induced by such silence certainly he who ennui. Singly silently permits a fraud to be practice upon the court ought to to the last to complain of the consequences of such fraud which if not committed has been permitted by his tacit acquiescence. Al although thl subject is not connected with your duties of grand jurors it is Ono of much importance on which there is much diversity of opinion. We therefore consider it proper . Tho present a fit occasion to express or Vowe of the Laws on the subject of licensing Publio houses the duties As Well of the court As Tho Community arising under those Laws. Thero is another subject connected with Public houses to which to consider it proper to refer be cause it was Mado the subject of a presentment by the grand jury at the last term of court we allude to Tho Ealo of liquor by tavern keepers on sunday. This is Noton indictable offence in Pennsylvania therefore is not cognizable by grand juries courts in their official capacity. But we fully concur in the views expire said by the last grand jury that closing the bars of Publio houses on Tho Sabbath a Mensure highly proper commendable one which would greatly Conduce to the advancement of morals in Tho com Maui ooh the Sale of liquor on sunday is not punishable by indictment in criminal courts we Are pleased through you to Havo an Opportunity of saying to the citizens of county that there Are upon statute Book legislative enactments ample to afford a summary effective re Wnedy of the evil present Eddy thu Laal grand jury. As Early a 1734, the legislature of Pennsylvania passed an not imposing a penalty of four dollars upon any person who should do or perform any worldly employment or business what sooner on the lords Day on Only called sunday works of necessity Charity Only this penalty is recover Ablow by information or com plaint before a Justice of the place one half for the Uso of the poor the other half to the person who shall prosecute for the aame or failure or inability of the delinquent to pay the Justice is required to commit him without Ball or main prise to the county jail there to imprison sleep of another half Century to headed a few girded to submit to Tho is Ltd considers too of Tho friends of Temperance to rally in Cumberland county. Of of a thing we ref assured that if the penalties imposed1 Fiji Afef of 1794 were rigidity enforced it would con due be Ltd of Quot to that order peaceful quiet to Lief it vide the Sabbath in ovary Christian Conr us ii it i j before closing remarks it is duty the Dak a of your attention to a so act of legislature passed1 Tho 16th of february 1647, for the Hsioh of gambling. This not require provisions to by Given in charge to Tho grand tiry by fib president a judge of the court of Quarto sessions the re ipes Uvo . A j ,. H a highly penal in its provisions make gambling a Misdemeanour Ihu qua a or soil int. It subjects the common Gan blur a up a conviction to imprisonment at in Rel labor la Ihu Penitentiary for not less than Ono nor a a a Ift i Jln to la la find of fiyja.jjundjea<dj�ii� a. Porson Wito shall engage in gambling for a livelihood. Or shall to without any fixed residence in. The a habit or practice of any Porson who shall keep or exhibit any gaming table Mont device or apparatus to win or gain Munsy or Othor property of ,.ur to Aid assist or Permuy Olio is to do the same a is also Subj Oclad la ube ado penalties. A j a a the Santo acl further provides that Atoy a pew�rt3 who shall cop a room building Arbor Booth shod,3 or tenement to to used or occupied for gambling of being Trio owner of such building or tenement Ahau knowingly permit Uto Samo to be used or occupied for a gambling or shall rent the same to be used or occupied that purpose or being Tho owner of each building or ton Omant shill know that any gaming a tables apparatus or establishment so kept or Quot taked. Therein for gambling winning belting or gaining a Money or other property shall not forthwith a cause complaint to be made against to person keeping or using such building shall do conviction to fined not less than fifty nor Moo than fire by Rcd dollars. A a 1 under this act he question occurs Gamb. Ling within its spirit Ana meaning. From the Naturi Ortho evil intended to be suppressed from Alta words of Tho act Only those games which Are Aust did with a a winning betting or gaining mba a of other properly a Aro included Vav Louin its provision. It dues nut to alums those games which Aro useful in i exercising Tho body Anc want via a a tiled As innocent healthy recreations was a nothing is Vithor lost by Ono party or gained by Tea other. Such games when nol conducted a carib a Ion with Publio houses nor used to go the. Young or Tho dissolute to Spond help time aha Money for in such cases they would to indictable of Ndu Wanees so nol forbidden Oil or by the comma Law a or Tho set to which to Havo referred. The question. In rof Cronce to billiards ten pins a amp a before Tho supreme court of the slate Ono work. These games Aro frequently pm Cly rec realign a hero ills customary for the. Losing party to pay Tho proprietor a Small Titi Cuifo. Of to table or Alley. That court do ded a a that paying the Tsalo by to rub is not gaming with Tho moaning of Tho Law that utes a gaming implies gain loss Between the parties by betting such a would excite a spirit of we consider this Donivion in accordance with the principles of construction applicable to penal statutes which ate never extended by implication to cases not Clear Lar but if any of you know of any common . Within your county or any one who Klepk a Gam log table device or apparatus to win or gain Nibley 0/ room or building of any description to be used for gambling or being the owner shall rent such building for that purpose or a Ftp to halving re ted the same shall know that it is used for such purpose not make complaint against the occupant Thea ?1 in Overy such Caso it is your duty is grand Jacofs la 1 make a presentment against every such person poisons that Tho proper proceedings maybe Fod Titiro red by the District attorney for Ihor arrest Sha Farfal Quot under the provisions of Tho act of Assembly. In transacting the business which May Home before a you oases May Arlio in. Which it will by necessary for you to direct How the costs of Proke cution Are Lobo paid. Whore you find n True Bill lha Costa will Abido the final disposition of the Case by the Rateree jury in cases of felony even whore the Bill 1� ignored the costs so not under be control of who. Grand jury but must be paid both a a a a a a of Misdom onnors where you ignore or find not m True Bill you must direct whether to prosecutor of Bounty pay Tho costs of prosecution where u appears the prosecution we induced through ill feeling motives or i considerately rashly with try Indence to sustain lib in such esses we would re Oom intend Tho propriety the Dosis to Tab Puld by Iho prosecutor a a 1. A a is Foj i la passing on the bilis. To Hloch Tiili be islu.bslpre.-, you by the District attorney it will up fume Rel re. Jurors to find s True Bill when hat no no Oor in satisfied it will not by dec essay to of Eddy further Limo in Iho examination of witnesses Bat you aught in Nolaso to ignore a Bill without first All the illnesses on part of the Job Mode Cal la you Aro hot permitted to cell Olshef a Llna seek by a fore you than those whose names Are appended to Tbs a Bijl by Trio prosecuting attorney if in the course of your investigations you should discover other spa Alimony of importance on to half of the coining of wealth you it known to to distr lol at a Lorensy who May add the names of othe / winos miss f to the Bill Lugo them sent before you any air. Ther information which you May wish will to Giren a a by Tho District attorney or Tho Ufa if requested. Tho inn keeper who Sells liquor on the Sabbath violates this Latov subjects himself to it penalties just As much a Tho mer Ohst who cells his goods or the Farmer who plow i fit old on that Day. That we Are Light. In thus construing Tho act is evident a yom the proviso annexed which directs that nothing in Thea Etal a construed to prohibit is dressing of vol urls in lodging houses inns Olthof houses of Onley Lairmont for the Uso of sojourners traveller or strangers on lha Sabbath thus it will to seen the legislature considered it new Job v7 of Emit by a proviso from the pc Sulo of Tho act Tho preparation of Victual in Publio houses for so in Urner Irv sours but wisely por milled Llie Salo of liquor on that in remain wll Lii it provisions t11e Oyster. A the Oyster is most of Young Roalefs so aware is a Shell fish affording very nutritious palatable. Food to Binh a Siy Tensi it six very rest luxury. In Rosny a girls of the world the Oyster at ufos a vey Quot surge site Tho shells of Somo of which from Trio Kaki 1 of Madagascar to have seen measuring More thana fool a half in Dismo Lor. of these ��n., said to contain food sufficient for a meal for Aey pral then. All the various species of oysters. Sub some Thor kinds of Shell fish contain at times pearls but one particular species called the Pearl Oyster la especially Valus Blo on this account. It bos a Strong Shell rough hard on Tho outside but smooth Pulish within. From the internal coat of Iho Shell is taken what is cell of Mother of Pearl res Nibling the Pearl in color. Tofu i Iho poe/1 iwo of we ochre by Lai the most valuable Tho value of ibis Argielo increases in proportion to us figure .colpf, of i Well is. To its size. 1 the most extensive Pearl fishery u a to we in the persian Gulf. It is of Wrol Ohad Ifo Fol so occupation for a human Bong a 1 pot Albu to a conceive. Those log aged in it Art mostly 1y0�t it the Divolo Tho Bottom of Tho water with a nol. Fastened to Ribeir necks to purpose of cont joing the oysters Era let Down by a to a who alone of 40 or 6�o pounds weight fastened to a to Wop a them Down to the Bottom where they Remeta r length of time almost incredible to lip a who Here Nevar witnessed the operation sons time to. It is said by Long practice being enabled to remain unde a Tor a Ostler of an Hoor which we think is a n Etta. Exso Ftp try lift Gore lbs. Quoit Hooft a re con it in oily a bomb Molly Cut off in Iho Prim of life by by Tho upon to lung. A All. La Trio water. _ a indy rub or Tenor in upon Irlo Muaril . No to Tho country the Othor Day for oat. Alco a tilt which a to a Oare utly Del Vorady to Hor . it i Ion who proof Rad it. The. Lady . Quot Quot to la der Thani of Lamont of Thea Aal Ilia Power to it in a a open pc Fataei with Tho Dott mini. K import of 1. Pm food in Tho Honda of ton of having an Loitra Loo a Rolko Al on her heh Avary Altison. Ally Gigli the Law i. Apolant of mlle. , looked in Tho Quantity of rain which full Al Trio foot of Amonjr in Blu Quan Lillora has induced Many Dov Ioba to lain i. Considerably larger Ilion that on Ita Oval 0r0vl�iona of Trio Law ugh a Selling . Many Havo Boon offered or i ii Auer by ill. Fool or by Lito Unoo or a Creolor or win Oor Looe fall but none to which the. In lentil of 1 1q Ain Hove their Velum of four in Homo unction. I a ,.�?z,. The a Alo of liquor on the. , it�.1�aln Forlo anticipated Lurty. 1 a. Remained on a Waluto both a dead letter for Moro a wife old lie a i Aro la that nicer Ollk thin half a Calory it Haa loot Nonoy of lie vitality of no Gilt l Norri i it i a. Hot is now As valid Zapalilo of Boling in forced a of dour it la too a Tulch a when it from the. the. Mlle a. Xyz i of forefathers. Whether it shall be permitted to1, yellow scum i had to throw a away.,

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