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Carlisle American Volunteer (Newspaper) - January 12, 1865, Carlisle, PennsylvaniaVol. 51,Carlisle, pa., thursday january &,18g5, no 30�american Volunteer. Iblis had every to Ltd noday Horsmon it i John b. Brattos. Terms dollars if paid within the f a or j and two dollars and fifty cents if not paid within the year. These terms will be rigidly adhered to in Sreiy instance. No subscription Dos continued until All Arr Csongos Ato paid Shloss at the option of the editor. accompanied by Tobash and a at exceeding one Square ally 1 0 inserted Throe limes for $1.60, and Twenty file cents for each additional insertion. Those of a Groat or length in proportion. Job Phi Tiwu a Snow As hand Bills posting Bills pm my lets Blanks labels a. Ac., executed with. You Ray and at the shortest Cable soil i of tub poor. By c8arlxs Dickens a Hufh i cannot Bartose Tubeo stretch thy tiny hands in vain z have got no bread to give thee nothing child to ease thy pain. Hen god sent thee first to bless to proud and thankful too was i now my daring i thy Mother a almost Long to see thee die. Bleep my Darling thou Art weary god is Good but life is dreary. I have seen thy Beauty fading and thy strength sink Day by Day Boon a know will want and fever waste thy Little life away. Camino trinkes thy motor reckless Hope and Joy arc Good from me x could suffer amp in my baby Lead i Hilt to Trust for thee. A Bleep my Darling thou Art weary god is Good but life is dreary. I am wasted der with hunger and my brain is sore oppressed 1 have scarcely strength to Pross thee wan. And feeble to my Broast. A patience baby god will Holp us Donth will Home to thee and Moho will Tako us to Ilis heaven whore no Walit nor pain can be. Sleep my Darling thou Art weary god is Good but life is dreary tub cultivation or agricultural society has been established at Pia Nitz in Saxony under the title of a society fur the cultivation of the society Haa already published a number of re Porta. Too of Liora states that the Best specimens of potatoes grown in Sandy soil have quickly degenerated and Ivoa Only an indifferent crop in the Strong Clayey Ludd and in the neighbourhood of Planitz. Since the foundation i tiie society in 1800 the members have made numerous experiments on Strong Light Clayey Gravelly and Stony soils. The society procured Sumpos of every Desorb Tiou of potato sold Aud Thoy propagated those which produced the Best results. After a ears trial they have generally found that the greatest number of potatoes succeed Best in Light and Slaty land. They found however that the Long potato Froais Algiers become Rotten in Sandy soil and produced Large and perfectly sound potatoes in Strong land. Tho White English kidney potato planted in Stony ground produced potatoes quite red. The society has lately offered 10 Kilogrammes of Hoed potatoes to Auy Farmer who will contribute 5 francs annually on the sole coif action that he will turkish the society of a a Stato moot setting Forth the Quantity a potatoes produced and the nature of the soil in which they were planted. The cultivation of too Tostato is of such Imp Tranos to the Saxon population that the number of subscribers to the society is rapidly , British message. 3o the Senate and House of a Epry sent i Ives touring the past year Thuc people of this coir it Onwu Alth Havo had Pason to be grateful to almighty god for Many blessings a the Earth has been fruitful Industry has thrive and Ith the exception of the injury suffered by thu of citizens of some of our Border of uncles through the disgraceful barbarity of the rebel forces which ravaged stats of them and burned the town of Chambersburg we have no Public misfortune to lament. The year closes with a train of Brilliant successes obtained by the armies of the United states inspiring Hope in every Loyal mind that the aces read rebellion will soon be crushed and peace to restored to our country. A the balance in to Treasury nov. 30, 1868, was. $2,x47,33l 70 receipts during fiscal year ending nov. 30, 1864, 4,733,313 02 total in Treasury for fiscal year ending nov. 30, 1864, 6,880d44 72 the payments for the same period have been. 4,038,441 09 balance Ini Treasury nov. 30,1864, 1,942,203 63 the operations of the sinking fund during the last year have been shown by Ray. Proc i mation of the 27th Day of september last to follows Quot amount of debt of Commonwealth. Rcd cod $268,569 50 As follows Vit five por cent loan of tho Commonwealth. $268,308 03 interest Kortiff Oats re. Deemed 281 47 -268,569 50 the fiscal year accounted for in the statement of the Treasury department embraces the time from the 1st of december 1863, to the 30th of november 1864. Tho sinking fund year commenced the first monday in september 1863. This will explain the discrepancy Between the statement of the Treasury department As to the reduction of the Public debt of tho state and tho statement embodied in tho proclamation relative to the sinking fund. Anion it of Public debt of Pennsylvania a it stood on to first. A. Day of dec. 1383, $39,496,596 78 deduct amount redeemed at tho state Treasury during tho fiscal year Enning with nov. 30, 1864,. Viz five por cont. Stocks $101,712 73 four Anda Bali por it. Stocks 10,000 00 interest certificates 2,270 it 116,992 82 Public debt dec. 1. 1864, 39,379,603 94 funded debt Viz a six per cont. Loans. Ordinary $400,030 00 five por cont. Loan a Ordinary 35,005,263 ?2 four and a half por contain Loans Ordinary 258.200 00 ---$36,246,093 72 unfunded debt Viz Relief notes in Mircu. Lation $97,251 00. Interest Kortiff cats. Outstanding 13,086 52 unclaimed 4,448 38 Domestic a creditors certificates 724 32 115,510 22 30,379,603 94 3,000,000 00 a country without a Hardy r. A., writes an interesting letter to the Field newspaper commenting on a statement that in Newfoundland there is not a. Snake Toad Frog or reptile of any sort nor any squirrels porcupines Mink or Captain Hardy says _ a a a besides the above mentioned deficiencies 1 found when visiting Newfoundland last summer several others. It was Midsummer and the fireflies were scintillating in myriads in the warm evenings Over every swamp in Nova Scotia Here not one could be seen nor was there another pleasing summer visitor of our neighbouring provinces the night Dering the immense portion of this Island which is claimed by hogs and swamps i think the absence of All reptiles very curious and i plodded Long end often round the edges of Odds and swamps hoping to see some Pitt to croaker take a header from the Bank and by sunny slopes in the Woods. Where on the Mainland they might be seen fit every step in search of brakes but All in vain. I to Olieve some of our common Green headed frogs were recently transported to this Island and turned out into a swamp such As would be a grand residence for them at Home but in a few Days alas 1 they All Lay stiff on their books. In fact Newfoundland Beems to be destined to remain As it now indubitably is a country without reptile 1 fourteen ways by which people get sick.�?1st. Rating too fast and swallowing food imperfectly Mastic ted. 2d. Taking too much fluid during meals. 3. Drinking poisonous whiskey and other intoxicating liquors. _4th. Keeping late hours a night Ana sleeping too late in the morning. _. 5 the. Wearing the clothes so tight As to impede circulation. _. 6th wearing thin shoes. _7th. Neglecting to Taka Suffi Piont exer Oiso a to keep the hands and feet warm. 8th. Neglecting to Wash tho body sufficiently to keep the pores of the Akin open 9th. Exchanging the warm clothing worn in room during the Day for the Light costumes and exposures incident to evening parties fir 10th. Starving the stomach to gratify a vain and foolish passion for dress. A. 11th. Keeping up a constant excitement by fretting the mind with borrowed troubles. 12th. Employing cheap doctors and swallowing quack nostrums for every imm Agina Jill. _ 13th. Taking the meals at irregular inter. Vals.14th. Reading the trash and exciting literature of the Day and going Orasy on poli mint try loan por not 15th May 1801, _ total Public debt Doo. 1, 1864,. 39,370 603 94 wealth holds Bonds received from the Sale of Public works amounting to ten million three Hundred thousand dollars 10,300,000, As follows Pennsylvania Railroad oompa1 _ by Bonds a $6,800,000 00 Philadelphia and Erie Railroad. A company Bonds a it. 3,500,000 00 10,300,000 00 these Bonds ale in the sinking fund and reduce the Publio debt to $29,079,603 94. The tax of tonnage imposed by the arts of 30th april and 25th August 1804, has yielded something less than $200,000�?a much less sum than was anticipated. I recommend a revision of these arts for the purpose of rendering this source of Revenue More productive and amending other defects in thobe Bills. The Revenue derived from the tax on Banks during the year amounts to 639,606 6t, but under the enabling act of the state so Many of our Banks have become National Banks under the act of Congress that this source of Revenue May be considered As substantially extinguished and it will to necessary in some Way to make up the deficiency from other sources. _ _ the act of Congress authorizes the Taxa Tion by the Stato of the Stock in the National Banks in the hands of the holders not exceeding the rate of taxation imposed on other similar property and part of the deficiency May be thus provided Lor. The amount of debt extinguished by the sinking fund during the year is unusually Small which is to be accounted Tor by the extraordinary expenses which hive been incurred. Seven Hundred and thirteen thousand dollars $713,000 have. Been paid to round to the bank3 tho Money Adran oed by them to the volunteers in service during the invasion of the state in 18g3. One Hundred thousand dollars $100,000 have been distributed among the inhabitants of Chambersburg suffering by the rebel destruction of their town. About two Hundred thousand dollars 200,000 have been expended under the arts providing for the payment of extra military Olimb and in addition to these extraordinary outlays the amount appropriated to Obar Tiea was last year larger than usual. In my opinion this matter of donations to charities is fast running to a great abuse houses of Refuge and insane Blind and deaf and dumb asylums appear to be proper subjects of state Bounty because their objects Are of Publio importance and to be useful and Well and to Onomiya Fly managed it seems to be necessary that they should is More extensive than would be required for the wants of a particular county. But in our system Ordinary local charities Are left to tho Oare of the respective localities and to give the Publio Money for their support is really to tax the inhabitants of All the noun pics fur tho Benefit of one. The National taxation is heavy and must probably to made Bealier and the local taxes authorized by unwise legislation and paid by our people Are excessive. In View of these Coroum stances we should Endeavor to avoid increasing their burdens by making undue appropriations for any purpose. It being alleged that the Atlantis and great Western Railroad company has not in various particulars obeyed the Laws by which it was incorporated the attorney general on the suggestion of parties claiming to be hereby Moured has filed an information in equity against that company seeking an injunction to prevent a continuance of its past and the persistence in its intended illegal my last annual message on the report of John a. Wright esq., that tho Sun Bury and Erie Railroad was finished i ordered the Bonds remaining in the Treasury to be delivered to tho company. It is o subject of just Pride to the people of this Commonwealth that this great work in completed and whilst it opens a Large and wealthy part of the state to the Commerce of the Seaboard and unites capital and Enterprise within our Borders it secures to the Commonwealth the payment of sums do her from the company. In my special message of 30th april last to which i refer i communicated to the legislature in some detail the Poirou stances connoted with the Advance by Banks and other corporations of the funds to the Volunteer militia of 1863. It is not necessary Here to recapitulate them at length. The ease was Peculiar and it in believed none quits like it has occurred the Roll for volunteers was made by the authorities of the United states but it being found that men could Nab be got under that Call the form of a fall by the state authorities for the defence of the state was with the assent of the president substituted the United states agreed to furnish the firms subsistence and supplies but it was alleged that Congress Hail made no appropriation covering the . In this state of things tho emergency being great the Secretary of w a telegraphed me Thust Washington july 22,1863. To Sis excellency goo. A. G. Curtin your telegrams reap eating the of militia called out under your proclamation of the 27ch of june have been referred to the president for instructions and have been under his consideration. He directs me to say that while no Law or appropriation authorizes the payment by the general government of troops tent have not been mustered. Into tho service of tho United states he will recommend to Congress to make an appropriation for the payment of troops called into state service the repel an actual invasion including those of the state of Pennsylvania. If in the meantime you can raise the necessary amount As has been done in other states the appropriation will be applied to refund the Advance to those who made it. Measures have been taken for the payment of troops mustered into tho United state service As soon As the Muster and Rolls Are made out. Tho answer of this department to you As governor of the state will be Eiven directly to yourself whenever the department is prepared to make answer. Signed e. M. Stanton Secretary of War. The Hanks and other corporations refused to Advance the Money unless i would pledge myself to ask an appropriation from the legislature to refund it. It will be noticed that the pledge of the president is Olear and distinct but notwithstanding the Money was paid and the accounts settled and placed in the hands of the president before the meeting of Congress no such recommendation As promised me was made and for that reason the Bill introduced for that purpose failed tho men were raised and placed under the command of major general Couch and the other u. S. Officers in this department. The troops were held in service longer than the emergency for which they were called out required. Several of the regiments were marched immediately into Distant parts of the state by order of the officers of the army stationed in Pennsylvania against my repeated remonstrances. They Wero retained As was alleged to preserve the peace and enforce tho draft. Nearly if not quite one half the Money was paid to troops thus held and after the emergency had expired. Finding that the appropriation was Likely to fail in Congress i Laid the matter before the legislature just prior to their adjournment in May last and an act of Assembly was immediately passed to refund the Money out of the state Treasury which Fis above stated bos been done. I ought to say that the appropriation by Congress was vigorously supported by All the members from this state m both branches. Having done everything in my Power to procure the payment of this just claim of the state 1 now recommend that the legislature take the subject into consider fiction with a induce proper Aotoa by the president and Congress. By the act of 22d August 1864,1 was authorized to cause an immediate enrolment of the militia to be made unless that recently made by tho United states should be found sufficient and to Taise by volunteering or draft a corps of fifteen thousand men for the defence of our Southern Border. The United states enrol my it being found very defective i directed an enrolment to be made which is now id Progress under charge of col Lemuel Todd whom i appointed inspector general. A draft by the United states was then in Progress Ana it was not thought advisable to harass our people by a contemporaneous state draft even if a draft had been practicable under the present Law. Volunteers could not be obtained there being no bounties and the men not being exempted by their enlistment in that corps from draft by the United states. Fortunately the United states placed an army under general Slie Rinadi Between us and the enemy and thus provided effectually for our with such adequate Protection As proved by the Brilliant Campaign of that army i did not think it right to incur the expense to the state of an Independent army and the withdrawal of so Many of our people from their Homes and pursuits. Meanwhile arrangements have been made with the authorities a Washington Lor arming clothing subsist ing and supplying the corps at the expense of the United states and an order has been Given by the authorities of the United states to furlough such volunteers in the corps As May be drafted by the United states. The Worpe so privileged not to exceed 5,000 men. It is my intention to raise 5,000 men during tie Winter and i have already adopted measures to that end. There May odour irruption of irregular bodies of the Rebele and it in Well to be provided against them. The number proposed to be so raised and put into to turf service will in my judgment be sufficient and a regard to due Economy requires that no More than Are be placed on . The remaining 10,000 will be organized and ready for Servos in Case of necessity. I invite your immediate attention to the very Able report of the inspector general which Seta Forth the defects in the Low which he has discovered in his preparation for carrying it into pro tidal effect the state agencies at Washington and in the Southwest Ore in Active and successful operation. I communion to herewith the re ports of col. Jordan it Washington and col. Chamberlain agent for the Southwest the provisions of to Law requiring the a gents to collect moneys duo by to United states to soldiers have been Beneficent. A Rofe Renco to their reports will a boil tho magnitude and. Usefulness of this ranch of their service i desire to invite to attention of All our Volin unters officers soldiers and their families to the fact that the state agents will collect nil their claims on the government gratuitously As i have reason to believe that Many Are still ignorant of that fact and Are greatly imposed upon by tho exorbitant commissions charged by private claim agents. Under the act of the 6th of May 186 4, i appointed Hon. Thomas h bar rules to Tako Clargo of the arrangements for to education of the orphans of soldiers. I communicate herewith a copy of his report on the subject. He has discharged his duties with commendable Zeal Fidelity and efficiency. I earnestly recommend that a permanent and Liberal appropriation be made the support this just and worthy scheme of Beneficence. I recommend that an appropriation he made for pensions to the Volunteer militia men or their families who were killed or Hurt in service in the years 1862 and 1803. As soldiers sometimes arrive Here who Are insane and who should be protected and cared for i recommend that provision he made for their being placed in the state Asylum fur the insane at this place and kept until no time can he Giyei to the authorities of their respective counties who should be required to remove and care for them. _ i feel it to he my duty to invite your serious attention to the evils growing out of the system of passing arts of incorporation for purposes which Ore provided for by general Laws. Behave passed acts authorizing Charters to Beobi Aind without special legislation. These acts have been generally prepared with some care and contain the provisions which the legislature though t necessary to protect the Commonwealth att Faer citizens. If these general a pig Are not found to answer such purposes they should be amended and perfected. If any company desires to be incorporated with greater privileges than Ore conferred or to he relieved of font any of the conditions imposed by these dots it appear to me that it should Quot be required fist to obtain a charter under the general Laws Abd then apply to the legislature of an not making the changes which Ore desired. The attention erf the legislature will thus he drown to the specific object and a judgement can he formed of its property. I would also observe that great evil results from the habit of granting privileges to a corporation by a Mere reference to some former private act relating to other corporations sometimes without even giving the Dato of these arts. All these practices Aio bad and although they May be pursued by parties having no had intention yet they certainly originated in the design of surprising the Commonwealth into Quot a tents of privileges which it was k Iown could not be obtained if their extent Here understood and they Are often followed now for the same fraudulent Purpuro. I strongly recommend the repeal of the not passed tho 18th Day of july a. D. 1863 entitled a an not relating to for mechanical manufacturing mining and quarrying _ its provisions Are found Teho practically so Inocen Siston with the due Protection of the citizens and with the just policy of the Commonwealth that it ought not to be allowed to stand longer on our statute i approved the not in question with Groat Reluct Anos and bub sequent reflection and observation have satisfied me of its mischievous also recommended tho repeal of Fin act passed the 22d Day of july a. D. 18g3. Entitled a a further supplement to an act passed the 22nd Day of july a. D. 1801, entitled a a further supplement to an not to enable joint tenants and tenants in common and adjoining owners of Mineral lands in this Commonwealth to manage and develop the same. A this not allows foreign corporations to hold three Hundred acres of land in this state for mining purposes. It was passed it is believed for the purpose of enabling companies near our. Border engaged in the manuf onre of Iron the hold lands As Ore Banks. But under the idea that the sinking of in Oil Well is mining it is believed that companies Bavo already been organised under the Laws of other states and that More will. Be for the purpose of holding lauds and carrying of the Oil business in this state. It would be better to remove All doubt on this question by repealing the not. These companies being foreign corporations Are not within the control of our Laws to the extent that Liev ought to be for the purposes of taxation and regulation. The immense development of wealth in some of our Western counties by the discovery of Oil has added vastly to the resources of the Commonwealth. I have made Effort to ascertain the value of this product during the last year hut have failed in procuring inform atop sufficiently accurate to justify me in estimating its amount. It is. Already vast and is rapidly increasing a a the productions and manufactures of the state have become so diversified and abundant that some measure should to taken for an to curate ascertainment of them so that their extent May be generally known and also that the necessary taxation May be intelligently imposed. I recommend for these purposes the creation of a Bureau of which the auditor general and state treasurer shall be members and the head of which shall he a new officer to he styled commissioners of statistics or designated by any other appropriate title. The act of 25th August 1864, providing for the voting of soldiers should be carefully examined with a View to its amendment and indeed a revision of our whole election Lawe would seem to be desire ble with a View to the two essential objects of i. The admission of Legal and exol Laion of illegal votes at the polls and 2. Faithful and Correct returns of tho votes to Tolly polled i communicate herewith the opinion of the attorney general on the conflicting returns for the sixteenth congressional Diat lot which will a How some of the pro tidal difficulties which arise under the existing system. Without undertaking to recommend tho adoption of any parties Lar plan i submit tho Bolo subject to your careful and Earnest consideration in. The Hope that in your Wisdom you will be Able to devise some measure which will produce the result so essential to the existence of a free government that votes shall be fairly taken in the first instance and fairly counted and returned afterwards. I have endeavoured since i came into office to exorcise As cautiously As possible the Powers confided to the expo utile and avoid usurping any. I shall Endeavor to persist in thib course to the end. _. A new Call has been made by tha president for 300,000 men. This renders it proper that i should invite year attention to tho evil i which have resulted of the system of local bounties which was begun in on emergency by the voluntary and generous loyalty of our citizens before the passage by Congress of the enrolment act Ana has Sines been continued by Oil dry nets of Assembly. Tho result has been to tho last degree oppressive to our citizens add unproductive of corresponding Benefit to tho government.�?=�?� in some counties and townships it is believed that tho Bounty tax during the lost year exceeded the average income derived from the land. The Large sums offered in some places in the Competition for men have do moral izod Many of Wiir people and the Quot m Ost atrocious frauds connected with the system Hare Boc ome common. To men of some of the poorer counties Havo been nearly exhausted let a their volunteers being Orosi Tedeto Richer localities paying heavier bounties. The Sya Fem As practice Lowers the morale of the truly itself by putting into the ranks men actuated by merely mercenary motives and who Are tempted to desert by the facility of escaping detection find the Prospect of now gains by re enlistment a process which they expect to be a ble to repeat a indefinite number of times. Of the. Number of men for whom bounties have been paid it is believed that not one fourth have been in the ranks of the army and even those who have joined it have probably not on an average received for their own use one half Oft he Bounty paid for them. Immense Suma Bayh thus Hoen appropriated Byo heats and swindlers in Many cases believed to be acting Hij complicity with agencies of the Ooyd unit Serif an Effort was Mado to prosecute some of the parties concerned in Sinoh frauds under the act of Assembly of 14th August last and they Wero bound Lover by tho mayor of this City but after tho witness of. Had come Here on the meeting of the court they disappeared from the Public Eye. I recommend the whole subject to Yout careful consideration that tho system May be purged of these a. I am officially informed that tho quota of this. State under the. Resent Call is 69,999, but i am not informed of the principle on which the draft is to to made. R it appears from the president s propel am a mation that it is made chiefly to Supply an alleged deficiency in former Calls. I am surprised at the amount of this Large deficiency andean Only account for the difference Between the number of men furnished by the state and the deficiency alleged to exist in the assignment of the present quota by the1 Assumption that the men never reached the army although enlisted and mustered after the payment of bounties by the localities in the state to which they wore supposed to to credited. It is probable that there Are very few counties in the state which have not paid Largo bounties for a number of men Buff iolent to till their former quotas. Taking the local bounties at the Low average of four Hundred dollars it is believed that it can he demonstrated that the people of Pennsylvania have thus been robbed of Mora than twelve millions of dollars during the past year. This estimate does noting Lude the Money fraudulently taken from men who have actually pm into the or Rico a. The Continua Dos of these monstrous and unparalleled abuses cannot to tolerated. Certainly More men Are required to Aid our Gallant soldiers in the Field in crushing this rebellion and every consideration of patriotism and of regard for oar Brothers who Are now in the face of the enemy obliges us to spare no Effort to raise the Neo Ebsa by Force. In june last i gave letters to a committee of the prison society of Philadelphia Rouos Ting that the members of the committee might be allowed to visit and examine the prisons and poor Hon sos throughout the Commonwealth. I transmit with this communication a copy of the report in ado to me by a the society of the results of their labors and commend the same to your Quot attention with a View to the adoption of proper measures to Reform the abuses which have been found to connection with this subject i again Call your attention to the expediency of providing for tho reception in the penitentiaries of persons convicted of murder in the first Degroe and who May be pardoned on condition of serving a limited term therein. It Hab become a custom that an incoming governor. Should not Issue a warrant of execution in costs left enacted on by his predecessor audit not infrequently happens that Eyen in cases which Are recent while some punishment should be inflicted that of death May appear to the executive to be too tho result is that there Are at this time in the rations prisons some eighteen or Twenty persons Utlack sentence of death and who May lie there period of Timo. The vast a Piunt of additional labor which has been imposed upon the Secretary of the Commonwealth by the existing state of affairs renders it absolutely necessary that the Oleri Oal Force of his department should be increased. The making out of commissions for our Large army of volunteers in the Field and the preparations of election Blanks required by Law to be sent to the army the receipt filing and recording the rent sons of the of soldiers votes the enrolment of the yearly increasing dumber of acts of Assembly and of Charters obtained under general Laws and the making out of letters Patent for them All these together with the. Previous heavy duties of the office form an aggregate the weight of which must ultimately break Down his few subordinates diligent faithful and enduring As they Are. I recommend therefore that provision be promptly made to meet the necessities of this Cash. It is a subject of just congratulation that notwithstanding the distracted condition of the country our system of common schools continues to flourish. The report of the superintendent which i herewith transmit shows that there has been an increase of scholars during the past year. It a a important to secure As teachers a sufficient number of men of suitable education and ability and with a View to this object i suggest for your consideration the expediency of making out of the school fund itself Homo provision for the support of such teach dts As shall after a Given term of service become superannuated or disabled while in the performance of their duties. Of the find placed in my hands by the acts of the 16th May 1861, and on the 4th of May 1864, and to be appropriated in my judgment in military service i have expended in the lost year $6,124 68 in support of the Adnoy at Quot Washington up until the 30tb of May last for my personal staff and other military service an account of which is settled in the office of the auditor general. _ no similar appropriation will be required at this session. A Bill was introduced find passed the House st tho last session of the legislature provi ing for the appointment of a. Commission to ascertain the dam figes done in the of untied of Bedford Pulton Franklin Cumberland York and Adams by the robs army in 1863, which failed in the Senate for want of Timo. I commend to your consideration the propriety of the passage of such a Bill during the present session. It is just to the people of these counties who have suffered As Well As to the government that these damages should be fairly ascertained and the evidence perpetuated whatever May be the View to to taken on fut fre consideration by the United states or feta government As to the propriety of paying Scicli olo general Hancock has Beeh authorised by the War. Department to raise a corps of veterans to 1 0 called the first one of the regulations is that on application by to governor of any Stato recruiting officers will be designated for such state i Havo been requested by general Hancook to Moke such application but have hitherto declined to comply with tho request. It appears to me that the families of Mon raised on the plan adopted by the War department we told probably not be entity Auto the Relief provided by our own Laws for tho families it volunteers. A 1 have inquired of general Haboeck whether the proposed corps is to form part of the regular army or of the Volunteer Force and if the latter under what not of Congress it is to be raised. He has referred that communication to tho War department from which i have As yet received no answer of it. A. _ the following letters have passed Between general Hancock and myself on this subject Pennsylvania executive chamber. Harrisburg pa., Deo. 29th, 1804. J general a i received your letter at the moment of my dept Rete for Philadelphia on my Day last. I returned this morning and hasten to reply. A having Iio knowledge of the organisation of Yott Are to command than what appears in tiie newspapers and orders 1.will be obliged if you will inform me if it is to to Idgar ded As a part of the regular army of the United states or As part of the Volunteer service v a a if it is part of the Aimy of the United states i certainly have no Donn option with it As governor of the Stato. If it is organized As volunteers be pleased to inform me under what not of Congress. I need not Bay general that i would be and officially to raise a Foroe to be commanded by you. Can we not raise you two or three regiments in Pennsylvania in the usual manner and according to the not of Congress for your corps of course i would consult you in the selection of officers and Only commission where you approved. I cannot understand the importance of my asking that persons be shirt to Pennsylvania to induce veterans to go to the District of Columbia to enlist. I certainly will do nothing to Embarrass the plan proposed. We have benefits by general and special legislation in Pennsylvania which attach to the Volunteer and his family. While i will do nothing to deter the veterans of tho state from entering your corps i hesitate to con not myself with a Mode of enlistment which May deprive them of such benefits unless it is my duty under the Law. I am a a no ral very respectfully your Obe to lion servant a a a a. \ a. G. Curtin. Major general Winfield s. Hancock. Headquarters first cores Washington d. C., Deo. 31,1864. J to his excellency Eon. A. G. Curtin governor of Pennsylvania sin i have the Honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 29th inst and Haya referred the same to the War department i thank you for your kind of personal Good will and regret that Fiete should be any hesitation on your part to lend Yoiiro official influence As governor to tho raising of the corps As proposed by the War department. A it is not within my province perhaps to discuss tha plan of organization As i am acting tinder the a Leet orders of the War department and my own views therefore Are of no practical moment. I May say however that i have no knowledge of the organization other than what i have derived from the orders and Ciro Lars of which a mailed you official copies december 5th. I cannot see How volunteers for this corps from your state lose any of the advantages at latching to those for other organizations. They Are credited to to localities where they or their families Are domiciled and count on the quota of your state. It should be borne in mind that this is an Effort to get men into service who Are not subject to a draft. I have the Honor to remain very respect fully your obedient servant Winfield s. Hancock major general u. S. Volunteers commanding first corp s. The Only act of Congress for raising volunteers that i am aware of requires that the Field and line officers shall be commissioned by the governors of the several states. The men in this corps Are not to be formed into organizations of the respective states find it is proposed that its officers shall be appointed by the general government i know of no not of Congress or of Assembly under a Boob men so raised entitled to pensions or their families to benefits from the United states or state government in addition i will observe that without any feeling of jealousy i am still not ready to participate actively in transferring to the United states illegally the right of appointment vested in the state and which the state authorities can exercise with More discrimination by reason of having a greater familiarity with the Merite of the citizens of their own state than the United states authorities can possibly have. I will transmit any further communication that i May receive on this subject it will be perceived by reference to the correspondence that i have offered to raise in the manner provided by Law two or three regiments of veterans for Hano Ooka a corps sly desire is to assist the government in every Legal Mode in raising men and especially to facilitate in officer a. Native Pennsylvania us so distinguished As general Hancock in his efforts to organize a new corps i shall throw no obstacles in his Way on the present occasion but i cannot Oer Tamly be expected to invite a violation of Laws in carrying out a plan which sacrifices the rights of the state under existing Laws and would leave the men unprotected by them so Faras concerns future provision for their Comfort and that of their families. I will further observe that it appears by the report of the adjutant general herewith transmitted that the state under the system established by Law has put into the military service of the United states since the commencement of the War the following number of men Viz. Troops sent into service during 1864. Organizations for three years term 9,867 organizations for one Hundred Days term. 7,675 organizations for one year term 16,094 Volunteer recruits 36,567 drafted men and substitutes recruits for regular army. Re enlistments of Pennsylva Iii volunteers i. Infantry �3,�62 cavalry2,834 artillery. 799 accredited hot bar state Quot 389 10.65� 2,97 17i873 91,701 troops sail into he service of the United slates since the commencement of the rebellion including the ninety Days militia in the departments of the Monongahela and Susquehanna in 1803 during tho year 1801, 130,594 do. Do. 1802, 71,100 do., do 18g3, a 43,046 do. _ a do. 1864, of 78,823 re enlistment of Pennsylvania yol unters. 17,876 336.44� Thorf Wicnty Fite thousand militia of 1862 Are not incl Dod in this statement. I Call the attention of the legislature to the report of the Surveyor Geu Oral herewith presented and commend the suggestions Mado by that officer to your consideration. This message is accompanied by Lull reports of All the military departments. They exhibit the Large amount of service performed during the past year and contain a full history of All the military operations of told state Many valuable recommendations a re Mado in them to promote the efficiency of our volunteers Aud the Comfort of the sick and wounded which i commend to your Earnest and immediate attention. It affords my great satisfaction to Briar my testimony to the ability diligent end Fidelity of fill the officers in these several departments. Before closing this message i desire to advert to the delay which has sometimes occurred in the passage of the general appropriation Bill. It is necessary that this Bill Euald become a Law As otherwise the action of tho government would be stopped Quot a a ,. To de Lay its presentation to the executive As was done at the last regular session till a late most Happy to do All in my Power personally hour of the Hialit before the morning fixed Fod a n v areal a 1 a Var a a a a a a aaa 4 a a a. I a a n a a us a it a a1 a .1 f a us a a a f al a a a u. M a a l a a the final adjournment is to deprive the people of their right to have All Bills submitted to the revision of the legislature before becoming Laws in Caso the expo tire should not approve them. If there had been time i Ehwald probably have returned the appropriation Bill of last year for such revision As when 1 had the Opportunity of deliberately examining it 1 found provisions which i Conla not Hove approved but that Opportunity was denied me before the Bill bad become a Law and in Faoutas the legislature was on the Point of adjournment the Only question presented to me was whether that Bill should become Fidow without amendment or the necessities of the government remain unprovided for. Trio gallantry of car soldiers. In the Field still Sheds Lustre on the Commonwealth,.and Iber Lity a of the state contribute of their Means for. Their Comfort and welfare. May the Blessing of god by on those Brave men who have stood by the country through the dark hours of her trial. A. G. Curtin chamber i Harrisburg Jan. 4, 1805.1. To select May he known by its color the fat will be of oily smoothness and a Noline to White rather than yellow while the lean will be of an open Gina a Bright red. Yellow fat in a sure sign of inferior Quality. The fat of cow beef is generally yellow. pork the flesh is firm smooth a Olear color and the fat set. Dairy fed pork bears the Palm Over All others. In Young pork the fat when pinched will excellent halon Mav be known by the lean being tender and of a Bright. Color the fat firm and White yet hearing a Pale re ibo tinge the Rind thin and the lean tender to the touch. Rusty Bacon has yellow streaks in it. The test of a Sweet Ham is to pass a knife or skewer Down , and when drawn oat smell it if the knife is daubed Greasy and the smell disagreeable the Ham is bad. the kidney in Well surrounded with fat you May be Eure the meat is of Good Quality. Always choose that which is whitest and fattest if the vein in the shoulder which is very perceptible it is a Bright red or Blue it is a Bure sign that the meat is Frosh. Button and Best Mutton is of a Fine Grain and tho fat firm find Lamb should be eaten fresh. In the fore Quarter the vein being any other Dolor than Blue betrays it to is staid. A do dlr eclipse both Sun and Motif find the following in the st. Loud a Republican a do be a Friend about town who is literally the a fellow of infinite jest a referred to in hamlets random recon Leotious of Yorick. Baring his giving two dollars and a half a piece Tor cakes of soap and his in a few other unseemly extravagances a he is a Model of precise and pious As Plutarch said of Homer he can close a la Dirous scene with decency and instruction which Means modernized the Fiche tells a joke except to Point a moral of adorn a. Tale. Being a a worry temperate never drinking even harmless egg Nogg on Christ mas Days he tells As the Folb Wing by Way enforcing his views in the merits of total cd Eis Tonce two Fellows were out of a a Lark Atte night find while plodding their weary a der along a suburban a treat they suddenly came upon the Glimmer of a Distant Gas Light. A a a mrs. Brough wife of Henry <7. Brough of Hartford conn., while engaged in writing a letter to her husband in now Jersey was burned to death in a Lew moments by a kerosene lamp being overturned and setting her clothes on fire. Odd any one May do a casual act of Good nature but a continuation of them shows it to he a part of the Tome lament. An Eastern editor Calls Congress a an obscene but does no the like its Gold Bill i a i. Hot a a shall i have your hand a Ifield fill exquisite to. A Hells ask tho dance wits about to commence. A a with All my heart was the soft. be temperate in diet. Our first parents ate themselves but of House and Bome. Of show May he easily purchased bul happiness in a Home made article

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