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Carlisle American Volunteer (Newspaper) - December 11, 1862, Carlisle, PennsylvaniaVol. 49. Carlisle pal tin if Day december 11, 186. $0. 27 american Volunteer published a veiny thursday Mornin by John b. Bratton. Terms. Dollar and fifty cents paid in Advance two dollars if paid with Iii the year us 1 two dollars and fifty cents if not paid Witlin. The year. These Torino will to rigidly adhered to in every in since. No subscription discontinued until 11 arrearage Aro paid unless at the option of the editor. A a a. A Ai Vertise it rents accompanied by to lion an and not exceeding Ono Square. Will to inserted three a lilies for one Dollar and Twenty five cents fore Aoh i insertion. Those of a greater Louth in proportion. Job panting a such As hand Bills Posti pm Bills Pum Phlete Blanks labels a. Ac., executed with Sci piracy tips at the aborted notice. President s message. Fellow citizens of. The Senate and House of. Llen resent Sivesi a since your last annual assembling Anri Lior year of health1 and. Bountiful harvests Lias. while it Lias not pleased the almighty to bless us wit i a return of peace Quot we Tan but. Press on guided by the Best Light he pics us trusting that in Lis own Good time. Rul Wise Way will yet be Well. A the correspondence touching foreign affairs a Liili Lias taken place during year is herewith submitted in virtual compliance Iliili a request to that effect Mado by the. House of to preventatives near the a close of Llie last session of Congress. Foreign relations. If the condition of our relations with other Nuci Inis is less Gratifying than it Lias usually teen it former periods it is certainly More Rizii a factory than a nation so unhappily distracted As e Are might reasonably have a paid Mouded. A in of Juri last there were some grounds to expect that the mar Timo Powers which at the beginning of our. Domestic Difili bullies so unwisely and unnecessarily tis we think recognized the. Insurgents Lut Bolliger Cal would suon recede from that position which has proved Only less injurious to themselves than to our own. Country. Slut the Cui Lowry reverses which afterwards Bezel the National arms and which were exaggerated by disloyal citizens abroad have hitherto delayed that act of simple Justice a a flip civil War which has so radically changed for the moment the occupations and habits ii people. Has. Necessarily disturbed the social condition and affected very deeply the Prosperity of the nations with Ivl Iwuh to have carried 011 h Commerce that unitary emigration of persons of that class to their respective territories upon conditions which shall be equal just and humane. Liberia Anil Len Yeti Are As yet the Only countries to which colonists of african de cont from hero could go with certainty of being received and adopted As citizens and i regret to say that such persons As Coute Plato colonization Donot seem so willing to Migrate to those countries As to some others nor so willing As i think their interest demands believe however the opinion among them in this respect is improving and that Ere Long there will to an considerable Ion to both those countries from the United states. A the now commercial treaty Between tie United states and the Sultan of Turkey i been carried into execution. A commercial a Anil consular treaty has been negotiated subject to tho Senate a consent with Liberia find a similar negotiation is now pending with the Ilyati. A considerable Ini pro vement of the National Commerce is expected to result from these measures. Our relations with great Britain France Spain Portugal Russia Prussia Denmark Sweden Austria tho Netherlands Italy Ruino and tho other european states Ronian undisturbed. Atory favourable relations also continue to be maintained with Turkey Morocco China and Japan. A during the last year Era Lias not Only been no change of our previous relations with the Independent states of continent but More Friendly sentiments Tymn have heretofore existed Aro believed to to entertain of by those neighbors whose safety arid Progress Are so. Intimately connected with our own. This statement especially applies to Mexico Nicaragua Costa Lioa Honduras Peru and Chili. A ,., the commission finder the convention with tho Republic of new Grenada closed its session without having audited and passed upon ail. The claims which were submitted to it.-.,a proposition is pending to revive the. Convention unit it indy. Hahlo Todo More Complete Justice ,. Tho joint commission Between the United a hates and the Republic of Gosta Altieri Lias completed its labors. Arid submitted its to. Pert. A1 have Favin de for connecting the United states wit i Europe by us. Atlantic Telegraph and a similar project to. Extend tie Telegraph from san Francisco to connect by. A i c lib Telegraph with the Lino which is being extended across the russian Empire. L Lre territories of the u. S. The territories of the United states a with Iii important. Exceptions Hayo by the civil War Ami they Are sex such Evi Deriee of. Prosperity As Justi Llos Bro steadily increasing throughout a i im.1., i.,.,.r 1.1� a a a 1 re of us expectation that Suine of the will soon he in. A condition to , As period of half a Century. It. Lias at the same Timo excited political a bit on and apprehensions which have pro. a profound agitation throughout the Quot Lii. This Nihi Soal Ngin Tiomir Ive in o Fin porn from a taking part in. Any Ion Trow my Between. To Loigu Siam a arid he parties Lac inns in such , we live attempted no and 110 revolution. But we have left to every nation t lie exclusive you dust and management of affairs. Our struggle 1ms be Ofiu of Tourso contend 8 dated by Lureign nations with a Elery no less to Quot its own merits Tymn to its supposed and. Often exaggerated effects and Conseruo vices resulting to those nations themselves. Be Ert lioness complaint on the part of this government even if it wore j ust would certainly he unwise. The treaty with great Britain for the sup pres Siim of the slave Trade Hiis been put into operation with i Good Prospect of Complete us Cross. It is an occasion of special pleasure to acknowledge that the execution of it on the part of her majesty a government 1ms been marked with a jealous respect for tie a Mih drily if the United states and the rights of their, moral citizens. ,. Tie convention wifi Hanover for the abolition of the Siadto dues Lias been carried into full collect under the act of Congress for that blockade of Throe thousand Miles of sea const 01 1 1 rot lie established and Vigo Emisly enforce 1 in a season of great comp Mereial activity the present without occasional mistakes and inflict Iii oni Oten Tim Oil injuries upon their subjects a War occurring in a comity where foreigners reside and carrying on t ado under treaty stipulations is Neu Cossari by inuit us of complaints of tho violation of Neutral Rigits. 111 such tend to excite Ami possibly to pro Tunco in it t ii reclamations Hegwein nations which hone a common interest in preserving peace and Friendship. In Clear eases of these kinds 1 have As far As possible heard Aivil redressed complaints which love Boon presented by Friendly Powers. Luiere is still however a Large and aug Lieut aug Nuin ber of doubtful Casos upon which in Unn to agree with the governments whose Protection is demanded to the claimants. Trio to Are moreover Many cases in Winch tho United states their citizens Sutler wre Tigs from the naval military authorities of foreign nations which the governments of these states Are not at once pro in Ihn a Quot. 0lir, 1 1ttvo proposed to some to Ziuoin states thus interested Mutual a inventions to examine and adjust such com Quot Atins proposition Lias been made of y go oath stain to Franco to Spain and to Russia. In each ease it has been i ,1 received hut has Notye Beon formal de eni u by duty to room a. F i 1 appropriation in behalf of the own Hoti 11 hark Admiral p. Tord rental i n 0,1 ve8sei was in my 18�1. Pc for w commander of the blockading Vita u Oaly Quot for leaving that port in a ? Ca k a notwithstanding a similar priv Engliski via a j y Fanf �?T1 0 been granted to an Conj Quot 0 Dicot of a to Secretary of Stato to i Ion a. Papers in the ease to to comm uni leu to it Trio pro por committees. 1 Rin of Chianis Ivy Heon made to me by a Quot a b 0.8 Ami ieans of african descent to Cul Quot 1c 1 in Gration with a View to such a a Quot a a a on As was Conteni plated in Roo ont arid Quot a gon8resa. Otylior parties at Liotino nth a a from interested motives a. Is patriotic and still Atli a Mih fenced by philanthropic sentiments uniform nation circulation for the Lii and Stu runs circulation secured and new issued by them. It. Tie finances. The receipts into tho Treasury from till sources including Lions and tie balance from tho preceding year for the fiscal year ending on the .30th of Juno 18112, were $583,885,247 Ogu of which sum s3 ,050.3711 g2 were derived from customs 81,705,331 73 from tho direct tax. From Public lauds 8152,203 77 from miscellaneous sources 8031.787 Ofron Loans in forms 8529,092,4 15 50. A it tho remainder 82,287,ug5 80, was the balance from last . The disbursements during tile Samo period. Were. A for congressional executive and judicial purposes for foreign Intercourse for miscellaneous expenses including the mints Loans Post office deficiencies collection of Revenue and other like charges. For under the into rior department under the was department under the Navy department for insist on the Pii Lilio Delito for payment of tie Public debt a including the Reim re a a. Nursement of tlie.tninpoia-. A 1. By loan and redemption. 90.09.0,902 01 �5,930,009.29 1,339,710.35 14,129,771 50 3 3.102,085 53 394,308,-107 30 .42,074,509 09 7 13,199,324 45 Aliis Estop similar measures while an a my 1 it Beveral of tie Spanish hairier so Iuli a Julio have pr0�e6lei� against Trio several of tie Spanish hairier toi Rita Suo a c0��n�03 to their respective under these t0 Movo circumstances i Miayo declined unit a Brut f �?�s11.� Colony to any state wit i Quot amt "1&Quot t 10 consent of its gov Orri a a Viva airi1 Kareem cd get on its pert to re i Glitz a a Volet Sudi emigrants in tho barn Cut.ci0mon a nil i ivo at the Erimo Quot a to Iii i to. Koto states situated to omit Quot. , living colonies there Tuii c .-1,1 1 a to from Surjeet to the us Vito u of the semite to favor the vol shiites am he admitted into the Federal Union. The imm Rinso Mineralesou Recs id scum of those t err tui ies ought to lir developed As rapidly As possible. Every a. Tjit d .l.,-.i w. have a tendency in Annj Iriva ilie.evemies of tie govern intent a a d Iii Isle the Xijiu delis of the peo i i your sen pus consideration lie to some exit atari Lii Ury measures to promote unit end Enid he . The in Quot ans by Lizeh suggests itself As. Most Likely to he Eric chive is a scientific cd. The Mineral regions in those territories a v new to the Wuhu cation of its result a Honie and foreign.m tres a result which Eai Tuut to he auspicious. A the question. The c of tho finances will claim Vojir most diligent consideration. The vast incident to the military arid naval operations required for the suppression of tie rebellion h Avo hitherto Boon met with a promptitude Anil certainty unusual in similar. Circumstances,-.and the Public credit Lias been fully main Tai Noil. A the of the War however and the increased made necessary by the Agni noted Iii tho Field do Maud your Best Quot reflections As to Trio Best minies of providing the necessary Rovo nuo without injury to Husin Osband with the least pos Siulc Burden upon labor. Too suspense i of specie p payment by lie Hanks soon a Tov to Fie commencement of your inst session Mado Large issues of. United suites note unavoidable. In no Otylior Way could the. of Trio troops and the Satis action of Tatlier just demands he so , Illy so Well provided for. ,. The. Judicious legislation of. Congress securing Trio receive ability of those notes for Loans and Intel dial duties and making them illegal tender for other debts has Mado them a Universal Elitc Irisy and has satisfied partially at least and Lor the time tlio1 Long Felt want of a uniform circulating medium saving thereby to immense sums in discounts and Exclia Uges. 1 a Coturri to Spezio payments Lio Weyer at the earliest period Oom Patillo with duo regard to the interests concerned should Ever he kept in View. Fluctuations in tho value of oui i a Noy Aro always injurious and to reduce these fluctuations to the lowest possible print will always to a leading purpose in Wiso legislation. Convertibility prompt and co Taju convertibility into Etlin is generally acknowledged to to the Host and Sui Ost safeguard against them and it is extremely doubtful circulation of United states notes payable in. Coin and sufficiently Largo for the Waits of tho people Crin he permanently usefully and safely maintained. Is there then any other Mode in which tho necessary provision for the Pili Lio wants can to Mado and the great advantages of a Safe and uniform Curro Noy secured i know of Nono which premises Suomi certain results and is at the Samo time so in objection As tho organization of Hanking associations under a general act of Congress Woll guarded in its provisions. To such associations tho might furnish circulating notes on the Security of United states Bonds those notes prepared under the supervision of proper officers being uniform in App Taranco and Security and convertible always into Coin,.would at once protect labor against Trio evils of a vicious currency and facilitate Commerce by cheap and Safo exchanges. A Indorato reservation from Trio interest on tho Bonds would compensate the United states for tho preparation and distribution of Trio Notos and a general supervision of the system and would lighten Trio Burien of that part of Trio Publio debt employed As securities. Tho Public dolt moreover would to greatly improved and tho a Cool action of new Loans greatly facilitated by tho steady Market Deimund forgot Ormont Bonds which Trio adoption of a tho proposed system would create. It is an additional recommendation of tho measure of weight in Niy judgment that it would reconcile As far As posse Hie existing interests by the Opportunity offered to existing institutions to reorganize under Trio act substituting Only the so cured making an aggregate of �57.0.841,7i 0.25 Anil leaving a balance in the Treasury i the 1st Day of july 1802,.of �?T3,0-13, should to observed that the sum of .890,090,922 09 expanded fur Trio and redemption of tie Public debt Heiwig included Jasi in the Loans made May he prop orly deducted both from Trio receipts acid expenditures leaving the. Actual receipts for the year 8487.788 324 97, and the expenditures �474,744,788.10. A information on the subject of a he finalizes toned in fhe report of the Secretary of tho Treasury to whose stale Zionts and views 1 invite your most candid arid considerate reports of. The Secretary of War and of tho Navy Aie . These reports though lengthy rive scarcely a a of than Brief abstracts of tie very in a Crous nud extensive transactions and , conducted through those departments. Nor could i give a summary of them Here upon which would admit of it being much Shorter than the reports themselves .1 therefore Content myself with saying the reports before you Rind risking your attention to them. A a a. It gives me pleasure to. Report a Quot decided my movement in tie Lini Nichil Oft lie in Ost office department. As compared with several preceding years the receipts for Trio fiscal year Hill amounted to �8,34929 i,40, which embraced Revenue Tyirin the states of Trio Union Lite three quarters of Tiu it years. Notwithstanding the cessation of Revenue from the so called sece Ling a Ratos during the lust fiscal year the ase of. .o correspondence if the Lily no states has been Sulli ii jut to pm Leo a Rev Ririe during yet . I �8, 139.829,90, being Only 859,900 less than was derived from Rill the Sta cd of tie Union during tho previous year. The expenditure s show a still. In re favourable result. The amount expended in 1811, was 813,090,795,41. For the. Inst year the amount has h Eon reduced to 81.125,301 13, showing a decrease of Alnut �3.481.5 10 in the expenditures As a onion Oil with tho preceding year Rind .about.�3.750,000 As compared with Trio fiscal year 1801.thedeficiency in the department for the previous was�4.507,900,98. For tie last fiscal year it was reduced to �2,112,814, 57. These favo Rahla results Are in part owing to the cessation of Neil service in the in Iii j slates and in part to a Enre i n 1 review of. i tie expenditures in that department on the interest of Economy. A the Coati Evency of the postal service it is believed Inis also been much improved. A p. M. General Lias also opened a correspondence. Tolj Ruggli the department. Of state with foreign Govoni i merits proposing a Enn Wentien of postal representatives. In it a Trio fur use of simplify. Ing the rates of postage and to expedite the foreign mails. This preposition equally important to our adopted citizens and to Trio commercial this country Lias been favor Alliry entertained and agreed to by . Tho whom replies have been received. I ask tie attention of congressmen to the suggestion of the postmaster general in his report respecting tie further , in itis opinion for Trio Benefit of the postal Soi the Public Rands. A indiscriminately men women and children. This attack was wholly unexpected and therefore no Rico ans of defence Luid been provided. It is estimated that dirt less than eight Hundred persons were killed by the indians and a Large amount of property Iva is destroyed. How this outbreak was indeed is not definitely known and Suqi Iti ins which May to unjust need not he stilted information was received by tie Indian Bureau a Frum differ rib sources about , that i attack ivies. To to male upon the White settlements by the Indian tribes to tween the Mississippi River and the. Rocky mmel ruins. The Stato of Minnesota Lias suffered great injury fro this Indian War. A Large Poi tin. Of Iier Terri lip a has been depopulated and a Nevero Hiss has been sustained by the property. Tho a crib pie of unit slate Manifest much anxiety for Trio removal of tho tribes beyond Trio limits if the Stato As a guarantee against future hostilities. The commissioner of Indian affairs will furnish full details. Quot i submit for your. Is Prehtl consider Atolfi whether our Indian system sir ii not Horn modelled. Many Wise and. Gonnion is cd me with Trio Hei iof can he profitably done., a a a a a Frei Jim railroads tv.-. I Suh Init of the Proe Redings of tie commissioners which shows that 1ms been Janado in tie Enterprise of Coti st dieting tho a Acilie Railroad and this suggests Trio earliest completion of this Road and also the univ Orrille �ietii.of Culi Gress upon i he Pri Joeeta now pending before them Quot for enlarging Ihu Crip cities of the great canals in new Yoi , Illinois As being of vital arid rapidly increasing importance to tie whole nation and especially to the vast Interior Region hereafter Tri at some great . Length. .1 purpose havin. Prepared and lrii.1 before Yini Oit an. Early Doy some inter is Tilg and valuable statistical information up ii this sri Jeet. The military and commercial importance of enlarging Ito Illinois Jed Michigan canal and improving the Illinois i Tor is presented Iii tie report . My Hestor y find now. Transmitted to Congress. A plural to carry omit the provision of. Trio act. Of the 15th of May last 1 have Oatise the department of tie uni led Staten to to organize the commis Sion for ii forms like that ii Flint a period of a few months that department ims established an extensive system of Rind exchanges both it Lime Rind abroad which premises tii eff a highly beneficial results in tin development of Correct Kivow Leigo of recent in in the in of. New. Products Nind the col Loci Ion of the Ligi iseult in i Tai sties of. The differ Clit states. The Secretary of the interim reports As follows in regard to tie Public lands Trio Public lands have ceased to. He a source of Revenue. From the 1st of duly 1801 to tho 30tli of sep a Nihon 1802, the entire Cash receipts from the Sale of lands were �137,470,20�?a sum much less than the expenses of our Larid system during the same period. Tho lome stood Law which will take effect on tho first of january next offers such inducements to settlers that sales for Cash cannot he expected to an extent sufficient to meet Tolje expenses of the general land office and tho Cost of surveying and bringing to land into Market. discrepancy Between tho sum hero stated As arising from the relics of tho Public lands and tho Sunn derived from tho Samo source is reported rom the Treasury department arises is. I understand from the fact that the periods of time though apparently were not really coincident at the beginning Point tho Treasury report including a considerable sum now which had previously been reported from Trio Interior Suffie Dontly Large to greatly ovo Vronch tho sum do Rived from the three months now reported upon by tho Secretary of Trio Interior and not by Trio Secretary of the Treasury. The Indian tribes. Trio Indian tribes upon our frontiers have during Trio past year manifested a spirit of insubordination and at several Points have engaged in opon hostilities against tho White settlements in their Vicinity. Trio tribes occupying tho Indian country South of Kansas renounced their Aile Giunco to Trio United states and entered into treaties with Trio insurgents. Those who remained Loyal to Trio United states wore Durivou from the country. A. A a _ _ tho chief of tho cherokees Lias visited this City for tho purpose of restoring Trio former relations of the Tribo with Trio United states. He a loges that Lioy wore constrained by a Superior Force to enter into treaties wit i Trio insurgents and that tho United Statos neglected to furnish Trio Protection which their treaty stipulations required. In tie month of August last the Sioux indians in Minnesota attacked the settlements in their Vicinity with extreme ferocity killing i also that it. to a tribute largely , plants and cutting and has already published . A i u in Noli valuable ,.in, of a More elaborate report ice will in duo time to furnished embracing Simno valuable Viiu Buical science How in Progress in the Laboratory. Quot tho creation of this department was for the More immediate benefits of a Large class of our in,>sl.valuable citizens find that tie Liberal basis upon which it has been a rag Iii of will not Only meet your approbation but that it will realize at no Distant Day tho in lest anticipations a ifs in oat sanguine friends Ami Beoo Inq tho source of advantage to a our people. Slavery and emancipation. On. The 22d Day of september last a proclamation was is tired by the executive a copy of which is herewith submitted Lii be us i Daric wit i Trio purpose expressed in the second paragraph of Tirrit paper t now. Res put Lully recall your attention to what May by called a a a nation May be said to consist of its territory Jis its Laws. The territory is tho Only Pai t which is of certain durability. A a Ono a generation Passitli and another i Metli hut tho. Earth void Coli it is of the first importance to duly consider and est mate enduring tact. That portion of this Sui face owned and inhabited by , of Trio United states is Rivell adapted to he tho Liprino of one family and it is not Well adapted for two Nitro. Its vast extent and. Its variety of climate and pro due tins Are of advantage in Elliis ago for one people. Whiate Vert hey might have been in former Ages steam telegraphs and inventions have brought these to to nil combination for one United people. In the. Inaugural address i briefly porn cd out tho total Inadequacy of disunion As a remedy l the differences Between of the two sections., i did so in language which. improve and which therefore i hog leave to repeat a one. Pobur country believes slain cry is right Aud ought to to extended while Trio other a it is wrong nud Oug lit riot he out undo. This is Trio Only substantial dispute. Trio fugitive slave Clau so of the Constitution and Trio Law for tho suppression of the foreign slave Trade Aro crib As Welt enforced perhaps As any Laws can Over to in a Community where sense of imperfectly supports Trio Law itself. Trio Gre it body of tho people,.nbido by tho dry Legal obligation in both oases and a few break Over in each. This i think Cann Rit to perfectly cured would to Verso in both cases after the separation of Trio sections than before the Trade now in Porfe otly us pres said would be ultimately revived without rest Tictin in , while fugitive slaves now Only partially surr Tudor my would not to surrendered at by tho Otylior Byseit filly so soaking to cannot Saparato. To cannot remove our respective. Sections from each other nor build impassable Walls Botteon them. A husband and wife May to divorced and got out of Trio presence and beyond Trio reach of each Otylior hut Trio different parts of out country cannot do this. They cannot hut remain Fuco to Fuco and in Tore Gursc either Ai Nienho hostile must continue Between them. It is possible Thon to make that Intercourse mope advantageous More satisfactory Futor separation than before ? can aliens i Rimiko treaties easier than friends Enn Lizako Laws ? can treaties he Moro faithfully enforced bet won aliens than de thickly upon both sides Ivilo nearly its remaining length Are merely surveyors lines Over which Peu . May walk Back and Forth without any. Consciousness of their presence. A no part of this line can he made any Muro difficult to pass by writing it Down on paper Parchment As a National bound a a d. Hie fact of separation if it comes,.gives up on the part of the seceding Sootin Muthe fugitive slave clause orig with other constitutional obligations upon Trio sections from. While i should expect no treaty stipulation would Ever to Mado to take its Placo. But there is another difficulty. Tie great . Region hounded East by the alleghenies North by. Tho British dominions West by the Rocky mountains and South by the line along culture of Coyi ail d Cotton a roots and which include part of Virgiiia Pai t of Tennessee a of Kentucky Gizio Indiana , my Wisconsin Illinois Missouri Kanins Iowa Minnesota and tiie territories of Dacotah Nebraska and Parbox a Colorado already. Has about ten millions of people Ami will have fifty million within , if nut prevented by any political Iblis mi.slrike1. It contains More Titan. Oriet third of Mutry owned by the United state Corta Viliy Mure to Lilii one million of Squire Miles. One half As populous Quot As i Issue ii so its already is it would have More than so Voity live millions of people a Glauco Rit the May shows. That territorially speaking it is tie great body of Trio Are but to a this Mainii Cint Region sloping West fro Iii a the a Rocky. Mountain to tho Pacific being Trio deepest and also the richest in oped resources. A. In Trio productions of provisions Grain grasses and which proceed 1�?Trtmi to Lieari this great Interior Region is a ritually one of the most Imp Tant in the world. Ascertainami the statistics the Small proportion of Liis Region which has just been brought into Cucui nation Ami also Trio Lai go and rapidly increasing amount of its products and w o Luiu be overwhelmed with tie Niagu tudo of the Prospect presented. Lias i Jasty to a Lios no Ocean Paft lit on nation its Puoplo Lii find a and May forever find their Way to Europe by now York,1 to South America mid Africa by new York to South America and Africa by new orleans., and to Asia by Francisco but separate Wiir common country i Ito two nations As designed by. rebellion arid very Many of this Groat Interior Region is thereby Cut off from some a me inure of tie outlets net Only by a physical Barrier but by embarrassing and onerous Prado regulations. And this is True whenever and Vanongo Boundary be . 1�?~hic o it Between the now free and slave country place it South of Kentucky Linroth of Piliu and truth remains Llinat Novio South refit can Trudo to any port place North of it expect dictated by a government foreign to. Them. These of Ritie to East ,3vesl, and South Giri Indi spoil Sable to the Well being Oft lie people inhabiting arid to inhabit this vast Interior Region. Us High of cd May both Best is no proper question Rire better than Eitor and nil of right belong to that people and to forever. To to to themselves they will not ask whore i line of separation Samll be but will . Rather Liat there shall to no Sulci line. Nor Are the marginal re regions loss into Esteil in Trio communication do mid Thi Ringli to Anim to the of great outside world. They too arid cd of them must ivo Access to this Egypt of the West with out paying toll for. The crossing of any National Boundary. A amendments to the cons i Nikon proposed and considered at a length. Gui National strife Springs not from on permanent past not from the land to inhabit nut from our National Homestead. Tubero is no possible severing of this but would multiply and not Iii Rigato evils among us. La its adaptation and aptitudes it demands Union acid rib Iris separation in fact it a Laws can among friends suppose you go to War you cannot tight always Andi when after much loss on both sides and. No gain Onei Thoi you cease fighting tho identical question As to terms of intercom so to to Mionis no line straight crooked suitable for a National Boundary upon which to dido Trace through from was to West upon tho Lino Botteon the Freo and Trio slate country and we shall Liml a Little Moro than a third of its length Are Rivera easy to to crossed and populated soon to to popular Willd Ore Long forgo reunion however much of blood and treasure to s Epa Ralio i might have Cost. Our strife per Ains to ourselves to the passing generation of Nie if and it can. Without convulsion to crushed forever with the passing of Ono generation. In this View i recommend tie adoption of the following Resolution and. Articles a Liioi Ivatury. To Trio Constitution of the United states resolved by the Senate and Lorise of representatives of f the United states of America Iii assembled two a girds. Of both ii usos concurring that the articles be proposed to the Legislatures conventions of several states As amendments to tho Constitution of the United Statos any of in articles when ratified by to lire Lorii Llis of to said Legislatures volition to to valid As part of. part3 of , Viz a state wherein slavery now exists which Aii abolish , at any time times before the first Day of january in the year of bur lord Ono thousand nil of Hundred shall receive compensation Groin Tiro United states As follows to wit. The of president of Trio United slates shall deliver to ovary such Stato buds of the United states bogging interest at the Rato of for Cadi slave shown to have been therein by tho eighth census of this United , said Bonds to be delivered to such states by instalments in one parcel at the completion Ollie abolishment accordingly As ..q same shall Liao been gradual at one time within such Stata and interest shall begin to run upon any Suomi Bonds Only from proper Timo of its delivery As aforesaid any state living received Bonds As aforesaid and after Yards re introducing tolerating slavery. Therein shall refund to the United states the. Bonds so received tho value thereof and interest paid thereon. Article slaves who it shall have enjoyed actual Freedoine by the chances of the War at any time before the end Oft lie rebellion Snail to Borovor free but owners Ltd Suomi who shall not Liao been disloyal shall be Pompeii sited for them at Trio Rhino Ratos As is provided for state adopting Trio abolishment o slavery but in such a Way that no Alnio shall to Thieo accounted for. Article of Ungross May appropriate Money and Oil ii Wiso provide for colonizing free coloured Rio bims with toil own eminent at any Laeo places without Trio United states. I boy indulgence to discuss those proposed articles at Somo length. Without slavery rebellion would never Liao existed without slavery it could not Continuo. T among Trio friends of Trio Union there is great diversity of sentiment and of policy in regard to slavery and the african Rue amongst us. Some would porno Tanto so Ivory Somo would abolish it suddenly and without compensation Somo would remora Trio freed people from us nil some would retain them with us and there Are Yot Oiler minor diversities. Because of these diversities to Wasto Tuuli strength in struggles among my Tuimil Concession we should harmonize and not together. This would to Compromise but it would be Compromise among the friends not with the enemies of Trio those dirt Wojes Are into Inyol to embody a plan of Suomi Mutual concessions if the plan shall be adopted if is assumed that emancipation would follow at least in several of tho state s. A. As to the first article the main Points Are firs a to lib Camuei Patin secondly to length of Lime for consummating it Riih to Soven. Years and thirdly tho compensation., the emancipation will lib unsatisfactory to the advocates of perpetual slavery but the length of should greatly i Tirrito their dissatisfaction. The time spares both races from o evils of sudden derangement in fast fro i tie necessity of any derangement while most of those whose Liberal course of thought will to disturbed by the measure will have passed away before its will never see it. A. Another class will bail tho Prospect of emancipation but the length of time. They will Feol that it gives too lit tie to the now living slaves. But it really gives them much. It saves tymm from the vagrant destitution which must largely attend immediate emancipation Irris Culitis est Ulici o to Weir numbers Are very great Aud if. Gives inspiring Assurance that their posterity a Shull be free forever the plan leaves it to pitch state a housing to a t u n Dei it to awol ish Sliver now at the Enid o f .o Century i in a c any time , extending Over the Wlio any part of the Poi ii and i t obliges no two slates alike. It a Sii provides for generally the Mode of making it. Tills it would seem must further mitigate the dissatisfaction of Quot those who favor perpetual slavery and especially of those who Are to receive tie a compensation. Doub loss sonic of those who Are to pay and not to receive will object yet the lie Sriro is both just and . In a certain sense the Limo of serves Isth destruction of property. In Rupert acquired by do Stentor by Trio Samo As any other property. It. Is no loss tribe for i m ring Beeb often said Liat the Popple Oft lie a South arc Liot More responsible for the Origi tia 1 introduction of this property than Are of the North arid alien it is remembered How unhesitatingly to use Cotton a and sugar Aud share tho profit in dealing Iii them it May not be Quito Sale to say that the South ims been More responsible than the North for its Pontiu sauce. If then for a common object this property is to be sacrificed it is not just Liat it be Dono at a common charge and if with less Money Money More easily paid can preserve Tjie benefits of the Union by this Means better than to can by Trio War one is. It,,. Economical to do it ? let Lis consider it then lot us ascertain the sum to have cd acrid cd in the Vai Anco tho compensated a Munci a Patio i was proposed last March and consider whether in Thul measure had been promptly Riece ted by rift Eslave states the Sarinio sum would not have done ii Ore to Eloso tho War than Lias been otherwise done. A. If so Trio Masuro would save Money and in that View would to a prudent and economical measure. Certainly it is not so easy to pay something is to pay nothing is easier to pay a. Large Srim is. To pay a larger one and it is easier to pay any sum when to Are Abletha it is to pay it before to Are Able. Trio War. Requires Largo sums and requires them at . The aggregate sum compensation of course would to Largo require Liu ready a Cash Rieur tho Bonds even any faster than the . This might not and probably would not Eloso before the end Oft lie Lily seven years. At that time we shall probably Liao a Hundred millions of people to share the Burden instead of thirty one millions As now. And riot Only so but tho Inci Cusp of our population May be expected to continue for. A Long time alter Liat period As rapidly As before because our territory will not have become full. I do. Not Stato this at to same ratio of increase which we have maintained 6a Ari average from our first National census in .1790 until 1800, we should in 1990 have a 103,203,415, and Why May to riot continue that a mile being of the capacity to contain 217,180,000, we will reach this if we do not ourselves relinquish the chances by the Folly and evils of disunion by Long and exhausting wars springing from the Clement of National discord among us. Ivilo it cannot to foreseen exactly How much oho huge example of secession Breeding lesser ones indefinitely would retard population civilization and Prosperity no a no can doubt that the extent of it would to very great and injurious. A. The proposed emancipation would shorten the. War perpetuate peace insure this increase of population and proportionately tho Wei Illi of the you retry. With these we should pay the emancipation would Cost to Goth. Lir with our other debt easier than we should pay our other debt without it. If we had allowed. Bur National debt to run at six percent. Per annul simple interest froth the Crid. Of the revolutionary struggle until to Day without paying anything on principal. Iii Crest each Man of us would owe less upon that debit now Man owed upon it. Then. A a. A. A this is because our increase of. Men through the whole been greater than six. Percent., and Bah run faster than the interest upon the debt. Thus time alone relieves 1. The for nation so Liing As its population faster town unpaid interests Aee Umu late up ii its debts. ,. This fact would excuse for delaying the Payi Zient of Liat is justly due but it slows tie great importance of Timo in this connection a the great of the Poliey by we shrill not a have to pay until we Nuu Iber line Imnel ref Nii Lions by what a different policy to would Liao to pay now. When we Nuin ber but to dirty Urie millions. a a rid it slows that a Dollar will to much harder to pay fur the War than will be a Dollar for emancipation -.on. The proposed plan., arid Friori the latter will Cost no by rid no precious lives. It will be a saving of both. As to the second att be. ,1 think it would to return to bondage tho class of persons Therbia contemplated. Some of them doubtless in the proper series be a Long to Loyal owners and lie Nee provision is Mude in for compensating Auch. The third Arriolo. Relates to of., the freed. People. It. Do los riot oblige but. Merrily authorizes Congress to Aid in colonizing such As May orig sont. Titis Oug lit nut to be regarded As objectionable Ori the one Lunil on Trio other in As Marieb As it Conics to nothing unless by the Mutual consent of to he deported and the american voters through their rep in Cong res. A i eap not make it better than it al. Ready is that i strongly favor colonization and Yot i wish to say there is an objection. Urged against free coloured Personis remaining in Theiu unify which is largely imaginary if not sometimes malicious. A j it is insisted that their presence would Iri Jure arid displace White labor and White labourers. If there Ever could be a proper Tirrie for Mere catch arguments that time is Supply not now. A a a a in times like the should utter nothing for which Uliey void not willingly be responsible through time find is it Truo coloured people can displace any More White Tabor by being free than by remaining slaves ?. If they stay in their places they Jostle no White labourers. If the Leuvoy their places they leave them open to White labourers. Logically there is i Eib. More nor less of it. Emancipation even without deportation would probably Culm cd tho wages of White labor and very sri rely. Would not reduce it. Thus Tea customary. Amount of a labor would still have to to per. Formed. A a y. To would surely not . Than to boil preppy tip a of it find very probably for n. Timp would do less leaving an in creased part to White labourers bringing to Weir labor into greater doa Fand and consequent in. Enhancing tho wages of it with deportation Cven to a limited extent enhanced wages to. White labor is mathematically certain. La her is like any other commodity in the mar. a a Crew so the demand for it Aud you in Eraso tho. Price of it. Supply of Black labor by colonizing the Black labourer. I. Out Oft lie country Rind by of Weisoly so much Tiu far beyond that period our. Abundant you increase the Del Luud for arid wages of. Room our Broad National Homestead is our White lit bur. Arii re Simroe. Woro our territory As limited As Are Trio British Isles very certainly our population Toni idiot of pm and As instead of . The fore Gri born As now to a liquid to compelled to Send part of the native born away. But Suomi is not our condition. We live 2,903,000 Square Europe Lias 3,800,00.0, with a population averaging.-73j persons. Tothe Square Why May not our country at. Suteno time a. Orage As Many. Is it less Fertile Quot has it More Wasto surface by mountains Rivers Lakos deserts Otylior causes ? is it Interior to Europe in any natural advantage ? if Thon to Are at sumo time to Boas populous As Europe How so ii ? is to when this May a we May Juilo by. The past and present. A As to when it will to if Ever depends much on whether to maintain Trio Union. Several of our Statos a Are above the average of Eul opo�?73 to the Square mile. Massachusetts has 157, Rhode Island 133,. Connecticut 99, new York and new Jersey each also the two other great states of to Pennsyl Vania and Ohio Are not far below the Fui inor having 63, and tho latter 59. Trio states already above the european average except new York have increased in As rapid a ratio since passing Liat Point As Oyer before while no one of them is equal to sumo Otylior parts of out country in natural capacity for sustaining a Denso population. Taking the a Tiu in 1 to aggregate and to find tie population �111 1 ratio of increase for tho several deep nil periods to be As jul Laws 1790�? .172, Are. A. 1800 5,3ja. W7 30.02 por cent of inc Russo. Is 10�?7,2� j,si-1 .�?~�11.15 p i Cut. Ratio of increase Lsso-rtl.dho. 33.31 a a Quot a 1830�?12,,020 33.49 a a a a a a 1s-10�?17,9fiu.-15.i 32.97 a a a a a 1850�?23,131,970 35.s7 a a a a a a a 1s30�?31,-133,79u 35.58 a a a a a a this shows an average do denial increase of 34.g0 per cent. In population through Trio seventy years trom our first to our last con sus yet taken. It is seen that Trio ratio of no Ono of the seven periods is either 2 per out. Bolo Wor 2 per cent allure tie average thus showing How inflexible and consequently How reliable Trio Law of increase in our Case assuming Liat it will continue it gives the following results i 1870, 42,393,341 1880, 50,967,210 1800, 76,0.77,892 1900, 103,208,415 -1910, 138,918,526 1920, 170,924,435 1930, 251,030,914. These figures show that our country May to us populous As Europe now is. At Sotirio Point Between 1920 and 193,0, say about 1925, our territory at 73j. Persons to the Square but it is dreaded that the freed people will swarm Forth and cover the whole Larid. Are. Not they already in the Laud will liberation Nikko them any Mure numerous a equally distributed Tinong the Whites of the whole country Aud chore would be but one. Coloured Man to seven Whites. A could the Ono in any Way greatly disturb the seven a there Aro Many communities now having Intro than Ono free coloured person to seven Whites and this without any apparent con a seriousness of evil from it. The District of Columbia and the Statos of Maryland Ami a Delaware Are in this condition. Thod Striet Lias Muro than one free coloured to six Whites Ami yet in its frequent petitions to Congress i believe it Lias never presented to. Presence of free people As its grievances. a a a but Why should Craan Cipa a Tion South Send freed people North ? Flop be of my color Seldom run unless there be something to ruin. From. Clerfi Tofor enslaved cd Peri to Sivine extent love fled North from bondage and now perhaps from both bondage and Desti. Tuition but if gradual deportation be adopted they will have neither. To flee from. ,. Their in Ato Gwill give Thom wages at least until new labourers can be procured and the freed men upturn will gladly give their labor Fortio wages until new. Homes can be pros cured foil them in congenial climates an with people of Timeir own blood nil race. The proposition can to trusted on Trio Mutual interests involved Aud in any the North decide for itself who Titer to receive Eliom ,.As practice proves More Tan theory in any ease has there been any irruption of coloured people northward because of the Abl Isle Mentor slavery in this District last Spring to let i Liao said of the proportion of free Colorado persons to the Whites in the District is from Trio census of �i860, living no i Otey Onee to the persons called contraband those Mado free by tho net of Congress Ubol Ishing slavery Hore. Trio plan consisting of Tieso titles is to. A commended not. But that a restoration of to n at Onul authority would be accepted without its adoption nor will the War nor Proe Redings under the proclamation of september 22d, -1862, be stayed because of Trio recommendation of this plan. Its timely adoption i. Doubt not and thereby stay both. And notwithstanding this plan Trio a commendation that Congress provide by Law for compensating any Stato a Limuli May adopt emancipation before this plan Samll Havo been acted upon is hereby concluded on fourth Page

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