Page 1 of 19 Jan 1870 Issue of Canton Stark County Democrat in Canton, Ohio

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Canton Stark County Democrat (Newspaper) - January 19, 1870, Canton, OhioI a i i r a i i a & a. W i i Jim i i i f. Re Volt me 36. Canton Stark county Ohio january 19, 1870. " number 32. Cd cry & Ca Vichy s new Yerx a excy. I in Anred of do film and Catarrh by aim pie remedy and will Send the Noiin free. Jan mtg. M. O. Let Lett , n. S. How Mala in i hours without Tom. Drugs. For circular. Addrea , Cromwell Conn. Jasw 10.000 Oil. For priest and nun apply one to Crittenden Mckinney Janla we Lxi Chestnut l Lilla. A free to Book aleuts tote will Mil a hand me prox Rena of our family b ..e, to any Book stent free to Lara. Add publish Loti co. I Hila fa., Chicago lit or Louie to. Joa liw Farmers Helper shows How to double. In profits of the farm Kirin a and their Aua can each Ninke Luu Pek Mon til in Winter. will to mailed free to Farmer. Send name and address to . Mcl adv a co. Cin Riu Oil i Ohio. A Nuli Takh Yesti the Best scientific american 1 a weekly journal of pm i to i to machinery agricultural Ohmic no a i Cdr us w Jedi Corii. A pin did journal. $ lieu la Stu will b paid for Luba of Umbao Mittons on the loth january last Trail Piilua of i Dittin Cui Dar Ain Ricau . Prev used o sum Cribyn. of paper or oath toc and Maik for dame acut fre. Turma & & year $1 60 for Aix Mon Haium Oudi to c Lulu. X Book of ii nor Lano a to All about to apply for a Tan u Row for full part Gulara Conr Rouia Paluta Andi . Lal in co.," Jtb Yuhara and i Suwit 8olk-itorajaxll2w4" 37 Fark Kov n York. 1870. Lir i Urey 1870, Fuik beat cheapest and Mot us Tull Maga zonk for Ioa Yaar to Advance. Sum Crilma Andt the last number of la. , l. Shore a Jan Law 13 Washington ., boat on the Star in the universalist West. Colnel Natl o., a the beaten run paper. Tovee current relic iia and be Tilar Wawa. And la a Bright Ami Eho Erfu Homo visitor. Large Paa a remain a matter Kir intr Nome Tiiu a for every body i no other Puper needed in he family i lend Ito and eel one Vear. to new Auba Rioera. Club wanted. Addrena William Dos cant Well Cincinnati. O. Jan l jw4 thief. b Haa Ween travelling about Humbug ins mfr x j. Fatata and Provat mix inst up and a Lac a base Romp uni Ich he rails Woi to thoth pain paint. All of Wolcott a Aeu Pijie Emeliea have a White wrapper Witul out ler Euson Tericita. Bix Piura of 3 annihilator for Catarrh and cold in the head or one pint of Paia paint for l Laera or pain sent free of Espree Hargea on pee ept of the my a Lathun aware. L Wom Mioi tif Raini fore. Small Bot Lea old by All Oron. Kiata. K. L. Wolcott. Januzi change any on the magic con Ibri hour or Bear Black orto Loara. contain no Poison and quo Una gee 1u us omit by null for is Addrea Ama .10 00mb co. Deos Siu Spring held Mae. ? f f r f pro the a Torino clash. We Are now Prex pored to furbish All Rhonea with constant employment Home the whole of the time or for the spare Momenta. Brain eat new 11k lit Aud profitable. Persons of either i easily earn too to i per evening and a proportional sum by of voting their whole time to to busies a. Hoys and Eiria earn Nevarte As much As Wen. That All who see this notice May sent their Addrena and eat the Uei Deea we make this Una Axalla be oar. To Mies As Are not Well satisfied we will and to to pay Cej the irr Hible of writing. Full Dart Cumira a valuable Sample which will do to commence work of a i Castou Fua Aav Eop la Soru Caara Sioa one of us largest and Bent published All sent free by Luwill. Header if you want permanent Prostamo work Adler e. U a1xen a co., a Tut mum us i j Iio Plllard s Eureka seeking Tow co la an excellent article of granulated trod Nicch f universally and mired. no by , Nin Sllyn bags in " which Ordng for Mccrow Nunin ripes Are Unity " l packed. Lorillard m Yncle club smoking Tobarro Baa to Superior being Denic tin ised to cannot Ojivre her Veleata Conan Tationa Neo Oleo Seua a tour la Pru Lucid. a Levitova of the finest Stock Aud. Prep a by a a attaud Ait original. Tin or. a very a Onugu. Jinkui in Lul. Iuli Lourier tau others Norolea Burn or sting Tiiu Tougau or leave after Wau i. 1 Ora Era Lor a Wulw. " " w Achain pipes Silver mounted and packed in beat leather packet eases Are placed in the Vuc lit club Ferand daily. Lot lilt a. Century che Lac tobacco. Tuis Braad of Tine Cut chewing a Shacco Haa no Superior anywhere. E la without doubt the Best chewing tobacco a the country. Lor Lilard Pamatat in wee been a Gea Eraf Ever Liu years and Titi acknowledge the beat wherever need. If your storekeeper does not have these articles for Sale ask him to get them. They Are sold by respectable jobber . Ctr Eulara sent on application. V. Lorillard deca new York. .c5keat distk1uutioiv by the metropol tax gift co. I Cash gifts to the amount of.$500,000." every ticket draws a ph1ze. 8 Cash each. 4n Cash lifts 10. 10.1sju i Jomo to v j yen us elegant Rosewood pianos. Each r 7. 1 " Meto dwon 76 toll a sewing machines. On to 1to to Wold watches " 7s 4 Ash Prises Hilver Wara a valued . A Chance to draw any of the above Prises for set cents. Tickets describing prizes Are sealed. La Hon Veronea and Well bulled. On receipt of 2ftc. A sealed ticket a Drussa in hot Rhioe and sent by mad to any address. The prise named pea w ill be delivered to the on pay meat of oae Hollar. Prises Are immediately sent any Addrene by express or return mail. Vou jul Karat what your pria e is fore you for . Air a tax Tox or to. Tuatau no Blanks. Oar patrons can depend Saa Cair dealing. Stars Agauas. We select the following from Many who have lately drawn valuable i runs and permitted us to publish totem Andrew j. Burns Chicago f 1u.uuu Idrisa Clara s. Walker. Baltimore, m. Mathews be Trentt $.", t " Juhn. Andrew. A Avonnah Alma Agnes ,. Kim Mona. Charleston Puust Fuyii. We publish names without permission. Ort Ioas Erma a Ana. The firm la reliable and deserve to Weir weekly Trlla inc May know Obein to be a fair draling n. Herald. I a a of ours Drew a prise which was promptly race in a " daily new june Bend for circular. Liberal inducements agents. Matiavi Notton Gna Ranferd. Tver a Kracl of sealed knee pea Etui aids or gift. I tickets for ii 13 for 4 a for Jim for All letters Ali Ould lie addressed to. Hah Peh wllc"v00 v. ,4-u. .1 ii Broadway sew Fork. Best Cabinet organs that tie Mason a Hamlin i blurt and tool Lam organs Sre the Liest in tie world is proved the to suit unanimous Onins of Preuss signal Niue sickens. By the award to them . I and f Ilver medals or other highest premiums principal Industrial Xoai petitions within few years including the Model the Parte and by a sate very much greater then that of any similar hism Tenente this pay manufacture Only net Efura snet Lumenta and will not make cheap any Price " suffer an Iafe Rioe Tat rement to hear to licit name. Having greatly to lies facilities for a facture by the of Aew machinery " Aad but Erwine they Are Weri Nakaga better orca a thaa Ever before. mar Casesi Economy w which Ece Denoe with their bed policy soiling always least remake rave Pront Are Bow Otterina Evces inferior work r octave organs Plain Walnut Case. Of. Five Tave Organe Gnu us ked Holifi Walnut carved and Paa clod with Kive Stope viol India Bitite Iriski Zissi aia. Maw non noun. Cart Lara with Fth part Eulam. Including accurate draw Nica or the different styles of organs and much Musot metical Wui Csc will be of Are vice very purchaser of an Organ will be sent free postage paid to any one desiring Vliem. Mass a Hamlin Organ in Tremont a reset is Oaton pm Broadway ,. York. Decs a w bext1st., t Lemyal i x forms his patrons and the Public that he 1 moved his Suisi Romols first Zooi to the tight no stairs. Naa equip Iowa or. J c. Ephard. Graduate of the onto of dental surgery a burst operator who be oni baud Auriga once a our All Ahe May favor him with a Call. We Nepul atom Baioa to our new Tesu Usui Ana Lei Ian Arun vital Teeth from 6ne to an entire a the lowest possible prices Rlue Gold thee by Jung porcelain. Ive Nacu. Business directory. East Tea Caracas Atrat. Canton Kirr Morehand tailor and Dowler in Clousia a Miami sri a vesting be airy Pauo co thing Opera Block Canton Liiv. Tauk l be Rochet a. Mcgirr Irner a son Public Hora and pain an fancy Job Printer. Empire Block. Canton Ohio. Book Hind and Blank Hoo manuf Acturo. All Ordera from abroad promptly atom ipod to. Bind Ery in car tar a a incr up Taira. Canton in. A Luckea. Furniture dealer and undertaker Kaat Tucan Rawa a rest. Canton Ohio. Nov Phi Sce so. Haas undo Takera metallic and All Kinda of coffin Al Waya on hand. Two a Carawa always in Vradi Noaa Tuiai 1 Nav arawak a Root. Canton Toiuo. Photo Brauher e particular attention riven to copying and Eular Gink picture. Oval to this and album Ron tacitly on hand. Roome in Mathewa a cloak South Market Street. Canton Ohio. Jui Ilij Mil " a7ll. K1u1aji 7 dentist of in Hart Era Bank Block Caton up Stair. Alt operations in mechanical dentistry per Ormea in the latest and most approved manner. He would rail Especial attention to he cold filling in which. In the words of the late a. Ward he la excelled by few and equalled by none.". A. J. Imh1w, a Irrera Bromet Orbea. Up Taira a Roa Idealo. On Mojo Insl Well Tiv. Us Vav Moora a Jiuu of Public Square Canton Ohio. Ail oper Attona connected with the Protection promptly attend a d to. The Voltl Gizo. Biak tit so Giro Bankers but Tuscarawas Street. Canton Ohio. Koc Eive i limits. Loan Monck. Liuva Oil. Sil ver Honda and com poo i interest notes. Sex cd quite you kit Ana Solitt. A a. Content Uhd attorney la Trump a building Canton Ohio up spurs. R Rancu Wui Viernum Hook cd. Sept. H. A ii. H. Skye a att omers Law Canton Ohio. Office Ever car tar a Hank Hurter s Block. Nov Emoiy Janes i Lausii attorney Law. Massillon Ohio. Oryce in o liar the s Block up stairs prompt attention Given to All busies a int ruts to Niacar. Jyl out. M full. 11. 1jal1. Attorney Law office with or. . Bonk lock Canton Ohio up stairs. Julu co. W. Or. N. R. Or Srildia. Bait a . Attorney Law of Lico in Sartors Block up stairs. Canton Tishio. Apr hts l. Aix Acx. R. A Thow Rao. Bierce a Xiao mrsa attorneys Law Akron Ohio. J n2t attorney Law office in Eagle Block Over i Honal Antus. Oulu. ,. June m 87 m. 91cuueaoit. Attorney Law and Garral collecting agent cart Huga Jasper county Alu Aouni. Oct a augy Lau Ciullo " attorney Law notary Public Alliance Ohio. Mtg Koia Eft a attorneys Law office in opera Kouame Block Canton onto. 4jjeo. E. Ii Aldo 1.1, attorney Law. Office in Block no stoics Canton onto. "jw.accokl. Attorney Law. And general collection agent Alliance Ohio. Business entrusted to hit Oure will receive prompt attention. Koto Jont tii , jr., Hrut Inton Vihlo h. In , mortgages Powers of attorney a in addition to the ii if Lime. He also Adeolu the Overman and French la Guai a he Mill also pre tire pos Sporta Lor pc Raous Wii Ruig to go to Europe. . J. To. of Lee in Tho county recorder s Tolice in the Wikidal building where he can ,.t in the a invt if not. Uny Busine wanted can Lav. Lell Wiki Janoo Kupi Ligeri tuq., of duty Alvo order who will give due a Otic Tome. The Law the cutuly Surveyor to take i the of any instrument Ofha Grill therefore write and acknowledge agreements mortgages fair prices. And upon tue Gionesi Noue. Canton january i 1s. Oil practical Wiit Chinakea and jeweler and Cut macs. A Alio naive rare Ulii ing cat la done in Short notice no i hassle Block. Tautuu. Ohio. Feltt Itaf Imp Ruri . Peeler to watches Cocks jewelry silverware tilsit Side of Public Esuare. done on Short notice. J. A. Me hit Peitler lit american and foreign watches clocks silverware Ana Rancy a noun in Riwu of Public Square. Canton Milo. Be pairing Nealy expeditiously and satisfactorily one. Physio Sikand surgeon offi Cio and residence Onil. N. I floor to lutheran cuu Clu All curable acute and chronic disease treated. Prompt tedium to Prolene Iouri cans. Jun Only. J. C Batty Wal physician and our Eoo office Corner East Tusca. Rawas you Mhz Usu j a bar. Canton. Ohio. Maya idiom pos dealer in real estate. I Wiefling houses for sole rent or Exchange for City or farming lot3 of every variety Price and location for Sale cheap. Monthly payments received and four years time Given. Oshua h Dane s Slock East Tuscarawas Street tin Stair. Al. Elfi bilk h real estate a gent. Hone Illora Tuscarawas Catreet Cantou All kinds of real estate property to pm Vail Horii or fun Haugeto houses and Farma rented Coal land walled to lease or attention paid the collection claims. Nov Feily jeitbi1s, the american life insurance of pan. Of Philadelphia. Oft i lit Hane s iii Nek. . I Amo Ohio. Ruurt 0 hotel no pm a . old depot gut its property cored for Aud Bills moderate. May in urn 8. V. Louis Olliger proprietor North Murket Streci. To la Ali hoi so. By Daniel Fiou Ibeck Uio Sla Liua. Alliance. Ollett. Icsis Sim u. Hiim. Usu. . Cut Lar Liotti e c. To Eli apr Prueter pm to Hanaro Canton Aldo. R jul tia in i r in Milliery and fancy Good. No a opera Bause . Piug. ,. ,. I by a. U , i teacher of piano. Organ and singing. Orders Kirk s music store no Vii am o a livery. Or Nouv Union livery Cosic of Crevoisie lot 5th .,they our Canton Ohio cose Earnst Middau Gli to and pr.or-Rietok-. 1 i i have Uii finest figs in the City All new we new and gout horse. Sonve Yankee let on Rotao Aarde to erupt. Flu r without Driver. notary Public. Joni Rabek Staey Public has Smock. Insurance agent to siege will Caw to or err d the Stark Cote qty 1 Resit re invite j will attend Toeupu of attorney Wake Root rata or " Totev. From Krope the lowest rules to. Ii isolate agent of the Tierman fire Lue Urasoe company of and other responsible fire and Ine Ratiee Cem pea Les. In n correspondence. Industry As a Means of transition from social isolation and antagonism to Concord and happiness. By e. P. Grant. Number iii. Attractive Industry its possibility and its preliminary conditions. First the leading idea of the last num bur., was me Ailini g by that human a enc which creates wealth or in other words. Provides the Means of Gratifying human desire Sand appetites is the basis of All collective in Man Progress. This principle being Stab Liard. Or Heino snap Tible of demonstration becomes an object of i capital importance to discover by what Means Trie Quantity of Lador can de augmented and its efficiency increased or. By what Laws and conditions Industry can be organized so that its products shall be multiplied to the required extent of uni Versal abundance fur All. is Plain enough i think that the requisite Abun dance can never be reached so Long As productive labor is shunned by All who can by Force or fraud or Superior Cun ning or tact continue to escape . a now Ehn nned because is Reu Glaive repulsive is True in various degrees but Only in rare and exceptional cases can be charac Tenzera As better wan disagreeable tedious or monotonous. Sow Belore Industry can become that Beneficent Power which the wants of humanity so urgently demand must be Stridde of its redux Sive character least so that the Mere consideration of the value of what produces to the labourer will be sufficient to guarantee its voluntary prosecution. This however is but a Neutral stage of progess through which humanity will pass but which will not pause for. After so much is accomplished will speedily Advance further to the dignity of attractiveness so that will be engaged in for its own Sake and sought for with More avidity As has been already remarked than amuse ments now usually Are simply because will be More highly enjoyed. Tit will not be disputed that attractive in do stay if be possible will secure the production of abundant wealth. is obvious that u men will by spontaneous Choice universally direct their faculties corporeal and intellectual to the creation of useful products such products must soon become you Nuat. What will be. Disputed is that Industry can lie rendered thus attractive. Let us inquiry what considerations can be brought to Bear or pin the solution of this prob Lem that is by what proofs the possibility of attractive Industry can be supported. The Toni owing proposition will Baraiy be controverted or if controverted can be conclusively established. Horn Tutti Happ new Ronsit solely in Tho gratification of human Desirea and Appe tites and productive Industry is the Only Agency by which the Means for such gratification Caa be multiplied therefore pro Dativo Industry is indispensable to u Ilia 1 Uruu Limo. I now ii this de to Ana n Industry is essentially and permanently repulsive or disagreeable then is nature in contradiction with itself for has made subversive of happiness the indispensable Condi Tion on which Hap Pine depends. If that labor which is the Only Agency of producing the Means of. Enjoyment is necessary Liy Lucom Paridie Wuu enjoyment a Case is presented of conflicting Laws operating to i defeat each other or of conditions in inn Tual and perpetual antagonism and thus a convicted of incurable imperfection. Kit be objected that this argument is metaphysical i answer. If by this is meant that the supposition does not implicate the organizing Power of the uni verse in an intelligible Absurdity i deny that is metaphysical. No proposition can really be More absurd than one which imputes to creative Wisdom either1 a fail ure or a mistake but a Many minds can i not fully apprehend this kind of argue As to appreciate Lis proper Force i do not propose to rely Nign . But invite to the following considerations to which. I think no exceptions in to Ken. Re rma in a healthy and Normal state has no natural aversion to physical. ,. Nin or if tint c a to iii Chat to. Deed the. Pleasure of muscular exercise under favourable conditions is perhaps More exquisite than any other which is Ca Pable of being equally prolonged. Witness the to port children the athletic games of ancient and modern times the Chase so eagerly engaged in by monarchs and Nobles and the dances of All Tho nations and tribes of Mankind. Second history reveals to us a gradual and constant tendency to improvement in the motives which hav impelled men to Industry in the past As the labourer has advanced from the condition of Enqu Auneva servitude through the serfdom of the Middle Ages to the system of wages which has now become predominant in civilization. The stimulants to labor have be come progressively., less Gross and Deba sing in " proportion to the mental and razor us Elevation of the race and labor be comes lefts repulsive and hence less As the incentives to its prosecution become less coarse and barbarous. This Progress m the past Points to Suriner an indefinite Progress in. The same Tion m the future. this obvious that the present aversion to productive Industry is largely the result or Adverse conditions most of can be favourably modified and some of them entirely reversed. This consideration leads me to the explanation. Somewhat in detail of the conditions which attractive Industry indispensably requires. I. The first condition to which i advert is that the labourer should enjoy and should Foel conscious of Enio Vinejr. Tnp entire product of his labor. The enjoyment of Tho product of Laboi that is the appropriation As the labourer pleases of the value or usefulness of that product which his labor has created As is a obvious dictate of Justice is also legitimate incentive to productive Indus try and in the Early stages of Industrial organization when the higher stimulants can be but imperfectly applied will per haps be stronger and More universally Ergative than any Otner. Indeed Laporis stripped of a great part of its impulsive Ness by the single condition that the. Feels sure that its fruit will be his own and none of another a except by. His consent that neither Force fraud or oppression or extortion whether sanctioned or no by Law pave him of that which his Industry skill May have created. This incentive., being in one of its pets nothing else than. The love of or the instinct of accumulation is pre dominantly a material one and is without a Shade of grossness. Ihus viewed is sometimes stigmatized Al cupidity or avarice and is that impulse which especially or. As May rather a aids . The commercial classes. The gamblers of the Stock Exchange ban kers speculators and traders among whom often assumes the most base even disgusting forms becoming a passion be the which hesitates no sait Means of wealth and which is. As heartless and odious As is Lisa Sadie Cut All on lower appetites is implanted nature and when restricted to the natural feeling that we Are entitled to whatever useful product we by the. Exert be of faculties have created is not Only legitimate but commendable. This feeling indeed so Radical that cannot be Outra ged with impunity except in to Case those who Are too ignorant to know too weak to avenge the wrong As slave the serf the peasant. Such outrage in Kurs to become exasperating and office Sosa u the. A foliated shall have a dist net perception of also and rights a period. Which we May suspect be rapidly approaching. But when ilife traction in connection with Irli Irenr. I k i i. I have clime Fly in View another class of incentives of a More elevated and dignified character than the Mere lust of acquaint Ion for this strictly speaking is hot an ele ment of Industrial attraction Bat rather like a sneer and the other animal Appe tites a goad to activity. When a True system of attractive Industry shall be a Robertv organized and. Folly inaugurated labor will arouse Buch enthusiasm or rather such infatuation As to make those who participate in forget Allma trial motives and personal considerations. But Duricr the Early Batees of Industrial organization which will be a period of transition and therefore of extreme imperfection Means should be devised to recompense the labourer by giving him the full product of ni8 Lador in Snen a Way that he will understand Ana recognize the Equit of his Reward because this is the Best substitute for those higher Inocen Tives which a More perfect organization will afterwards bring into play. May be Crone Rev. Remarked that the right of la Bor to be thus recompensed is. Me Casis of the aphorism Justice to labor which is so vehemently agitating the Werking classes of Europe and threatening every where to unsettle the foundations of the political and social fabrics of our present civilization. But. Paying labor by wages a fixed rate according to time can never fulfil the requirement of recompense according to efficiency that is to the value of its product. The. Contract being made and the wages stipulated the. Labourer has no direct interest in what he produces and scarcely any motive to Effort except to appear Santna entry Busy to get his time rec one d and his wages paid. The successful simulation of work answers this purpose As effectually As honest faithful service. A is Worth something is True to have the reputation of an efficient Workman but the stimulus to Effort resulting from this consideration is enfeebled by being not. Only indirect but. In no Small Meas ure vague and Uncertain. cannot be constantly operative and when operative cannot mitigate the hateful Ness of Monot Onous and prolonged toil As does the consciousness that every step the labourer takes and every blow he strikes is. More beneficial to himself in proportion As More effectually accomplishes its purpose a consideration perhaps More important still is that the hired labourer can Seldom feel perfectly assured that Bis fixed wages Are so much As he earns or if they Are that Thev Are so much As he might earn if he had reasonable facilities and a fair Opportunity to labor for himself. But not Only is labor for fixed wages More repulsive a also less efficient and productive than that which the labourer performs under the conviction that he is immediately interested in having every Effort he makes Tell with the utmost Efficacy upon the object which he Aims. In modern society a class of labourers has sprung up and become somewhat numerous who Are not driven to labor either by a task master or a Boss and whose labor is rewarded substantially according to Ita efficiency in production. This class is composed very largely of Farmers cultivating their own farms and of mechanics working in their own shops with their own tools and machines and upon their own materials. Persons thus working for themselves will As a see persist in la Bor though not compelled to by the pressure of present or impending want. And will often continue very industrious after they have acquired a competency which secures them a comfortable future beyond any probable contingency. They persevere in Industry not from necessity but for the Sake of accumulating its fruits this incentive alone when the labourer by i working for. Himself feels certain that i what he produces is a sown being i Focient to overcome the repugnance i rally Leit Lor daily and monotonous toil. I labor prosecuted under such i Ces loses most of its bitterness and for this Refl Jan that a really and strictly free the labourer being Liberty to relax or to intermit his work u be de sires to do to without permission of ver or overseer. The class of labourers was scarcely known in antique civilization in which rulers and magistrates soldiers Proe litanies and slaves made up nearly the entire Popula Tion slaves constituting the immense i Jority of the people of Athens and Rome 1 in the Davs of their greatest splendor. I in the lowest condition of humanity which we have any knowledge the Lull grown Savage use his Superior i strength to com i we Sci wac Auu 1 children to perform the Drudgery which i he despises. And which the habits and wants of Savieo lle require reserving himself the adv Natur e and excitement Hunting and fishing and other similar Pur suits in which he like the civilized Man finds Delight. As society advances to higher stage this practice of Domestic Tyr Anny is expanded into a general system oppression. 1 he stronger and More organize themselves into a dominant class and by the infliction of corporeal Buffer Intro. By the Scourge and other forms of torture they extort from the helpless victims. Who fall within their Power that labor the products of which Are ble to the enjoyment of life. This is rect slavery in the maturity of its develop ment. In process of time society advances another step and organized capital instinctively organized by the influence of self interest monopolizes the products of past Industry and by this Means condemns the less fortunate to sweat and Drudge in its service in order to procure Bare subsistence Ana appropriates Toof Zubor which i a juju Luoi Uch inc Utu its i of. Ten. O. Alinda that i productive labor voluntarily performed of i Ana persisted in from Choice has been a optional in the history of Mankind. Fact that we have numerous examples in cases of men working strictly themselves and not for wages Naid by employer is suggestive and Points to first essential condition of a True system of Industry. is that the labourer him self and not a usurper shall enjoy products which his hands shall create. Nature having accomplished those purposes in respect to the development of for which slavery and the system of wages were indispensable now appeals to human intelligence to attempt the a a animation of labor on this new basis a Sis which the labourer himself who is party most intensely interested will Ognie As in conformity with the principles of eternal Justice. Same subject to be continued. leads. To inquiry inquiry leads to knowledge knowledge to prac All tic practice to improvement and pro vement toward earthly perfection. Or take All sorrow out of life and Youage All Richness and depth and sorrow is Tho Furnace that melts selfish hearts together in Bonds of love. As gain ladies who have a disposition to not ish their husbands should recollect that Little warm Sunshine will melt an much sooner than a reg Lar nor Eastern be there is nothing a nature More than water i but commonly speaking can neither obtain Farthing for nor an article in Exchange for . And. Make a Man thinks is virtue keeps him from turning a Rascal when use Only a full stomach one should be by and not mistake potatoes for principles. The cup of Ufa is sweetest the our the flavor is impaired As we drink deeper and the Dregs Are made bitter that is May not struggle when is taken from lips. Of the or in a Man can a any one thins Success fully let him stick to that until he can something else better. Classes their cons Iraq is Only the mimic of to Tion and May pass upon weak men speak As neatness is often mistaken for wit. Gravity of i Axon. Political. Reconstruction of Georgia. Speech of Hon. G. W. Morgan in the House of 20, 1869. The House barring under consideration the Bill s. No. 2h1 to promote the reconstruction of Testate of Georgia or. Morgan said or speaker there Are those and they Are numbered by thousands who the time. Of the outbreak of the War which closed five years Aco believed that was the deliberate purpose of the leaders of the Republican party. To Force this country into War for the express Pur pose of subverting its free institutions. I was one of those who were reluctant so to Retiere. I was willing to contribute to i the Best of. My. Humble ability pm sup i presume the armed opposition to the gov i eminent. Bat sir with my hand upon my heart m the presence of the great god who rules All nations and now watches Over ours i Here declare that i am now convinced that the single object of these leaders of the Republican party was the subversion of our free institutions and the desire of War to that end. The charge that i make is a bold one a charge that should not be lightly made a charge which when Mode on this floor should be sustained by proof. What Are the proofs is True that a peace Congress Assem bled but is also True that dissolved in failure. The peace Congress sir if Ever there was a conspiracy against peace if conspirators Ever assembled with the de termination to sacrifice Uberty upon the pretext of securing Liberty they were in that body. But sir what proof is there that the leaders of the Republican party desired the War for the purpose of Over throwing our free institutions ? is a fact which i have not heard commented upon and yet is a startling fact that so anxious was the administration of or. Lincoln that the rebellion should assume form and an organized army be placed in the Field that after open War had been made upon the part of the Southern peo ple by firing upon fort Sumter or. Lin Coln s administration furnished to the re Bellion the four great leaders who organized and commanded their armies Kobe e. Lee Joseph k. Johnston Albert Sidney Johnston and that Thunderbolt of Southern War James Longstreet. Their resignations were accepted by or. Lincoln after the firing upon fort Sumter. Upon tuis cargo x Chat Inge uen Iai. Sir was notorious throughout the land that Robert. Lee Joseph. Johns ton and Albert Bidney Johnston were not Only three of the most distinguished offi cers in the american army and holding the highest rank but that they were three of the most scientific and Able of military men. was the option of president Lincoln to receive or not to receive their resignations. Fort Sumter had been fired upon and was evident that the rebellion must prove a speedy failure unless great chiefs were placed its head. Who for Misnea these cruets i the administration j of Abraham Lincoln. On this Point i again Challenge contradiction. I Panse Lor a reply. As no reply comes i will make Good my charge by proof. I hold in my hand testimony that will not be controverted the Register of the army of the United states in which1 appears that the resignation of brigadier general Joseph e. Johnston was accepted on the 22d Day of april 1861, one week nurr.ha firing Iirvin of fort. Fiume. Thi same record shows that the Resit Matious of i general Albert s. Johnston was accepted on the 3d Day of May 1861, then nearly three weeks after the firing upon fort Sumter that the resignation of Robert to. , colonel of the nest cavalry was accepted april 25, 1861 that the Resigna Tion of James Longstreet. Who a now the Leader of the Republican party in the state of holding in int estate the Best once within the gut of this re publican administration was not accepted until the first Day of june 1861, about weeks before the disastrous Battle of Bull run. Or. Stevenson. Will the gentle Man yield to me for a question ? or. . Xes sir. Or. Stevenson. As the gentleman of is experienced in military matters i would like to know what he would have the president do in cases where rebel officers thus proposed to leave the service of the United states and tendered their resignations ". To or. Morgan. I thank the gentle of Man for his question. No Soldier would have any difficulty in answering . What would 1 have had the president do when a an officer of the army of the United states proposed to resign his commission for the of purpose of tailing up arms against the Federal Flag and Constitution ? he should have put him under arrest sir. Or. . Anything else i or Morgan. Had they been put der arrest the Confederate armies would have been. Without competent. Leaders. Andi the rebellion Youir have languished and i died. Before had assumed grave Lions. Or. Stevenson. Will the gentle Man yield to me further ? or. My Kajs. With great pleasure. Or. Stevenson. Is your opinion that Lee As he left the Union army join the rebels should have been put in a der arrest on tendering his resignation or. Morgan. That is my opinion have no doubt on the subject. Or. Stevenson. Without by proof or. Morgan. Proof sir i there was proof in the Roar of the Confederate guns tired upon fort Sumter. The heavens were lurid with its blazing battlements of our Flag was lowered and our Garrison sur rendered for As prisoners of War. And after an All these notorious facts the gentleman the still asks for proofs or. Stevenson. I want to ask gentleman one More question. I do the wish to annoy . Morgan. Do not be uneasy you do not annoy me. I am Happy near the gentleman. Or. Stevenson. If for their evil Tention they should have been arrested or then what should be done with them now of for their evil deeds applause. The or. Morgan. What should we now ? the War was a family one and were not free from blame. W e furnished the rebels great generals to organize their armies and to meet us in Battle array. Fought them like men and they fought we conquered they surrendered and Brave men they have kept their Faith in Braye men we should keep ours. I would make friends with them. 1 would More draw them to our hearts. I would ask them to rally around the Brave take Flag which represented them and us alike and when the next War came i should Joe Johnston Robert Lee Albert Sidney Johnston if he were alive and their comrades in arms to stand by our Side Pun Tho next War in fighting a common enemy a in defense of our common Flag. Applause. To two i Lann in my heart although there is much press the unhappy condition of our coun i desire to see the evils which you corrected and not from partisan feeling get but from a sense of duty l Leel that should go further in my charges against the evil policy of to leaders of me. I j to i of that cat a is Kir. From the time of the dec Yaranon Down to the to resent there has been in this country a class men who Are monarchists heart. A historical fact with which every gentle rim Man on this floor is familiar that the declaration of Independence we drafted by Thomas Jefferson and our de to the world one thir d of the people a i i i i i brisk Zzz Cal they Ilu ,. ,. V. A do ants but Are known to a Mitio a they believed in a monarchy and bad the manhood to Nam for the cause disc re which they belaw6dbut, sir the revolution Gnu Monea just ind when the Constitution was formed. Tory element melted into what was called Trie Federal pan for in Iaci leaders were monarchists. In the convention which framed the Constitution the monarchical element boldly asserted itself. Its chief was a great Man Alexander Ham Ilton whose doctrines Are to a the mod Els of the self style Republican party. Alexander Hamilton appeared in the convention and advocated a system of government monarchical in its character and when Defeated he retired from the convention with disgust and did not appear in that body again until a Short time before the Constitution was formed. Well sir i stated that i did not pro to denounce the tories of the Revo ution although monarchists because they were honest in the avowal of their sentiments. And although believing that monarchy was the Best form of govern ment or. Hamilton last advocated the adoption of the Constitution of the uni Ted states in the Hope of making a step Ping Stone to monarchy. Hi3 views and purposes Are explained in a letter from governeur Morris his confidential Friend. To Robert Walsh dated february 5, 1s11, an extract from which i will read. is As follows general Hamilton bad Little share in forming the Constitution. He disliked believing All re Puu Ucan government to of radically e s e e lie heartily assented nevertheless to the Constitution because he considered a band which Mia i hold us together for some time and he knew Flint National sentiment a the offering of National existence now Mark you sir and Here we have disclosed the secret Spring which moves our modern monarchists who enact their schemes under the garb of republicanism he trusted moreover says Morri that in the changes and chances of time we Arnould be involved in some War which might strengthen our onion and nerve the gentlemen May feel surprised that i should go Back to Alexander Hamilton. You will disclaim doubtless that you Are his followers but i would ask in whose Steps have you followed in your funding of the National debt in the Steps of Alexander Hamilton. Where did you learn your idea of a High protective Tariff in the reports of Alexander Hamilton. Where did you get your notions of nation Al Banks ? in the National Bank system of Alexander Hamilton and you ought to Blush with shame when you disown the greatest Man who Ever adorned the annals of your party. Well sir i come Down now from Alex Ander Hamilton to the real Leader of the Republican party the present Day and not Only the Leader of the Republican party but one who did More than any other one Man to brine about the Ereat convulsions which have nearly resulted in the overthrow of our institutions. I mean Wendell Phillips. And i propose to show How completely this House and this con Gress follow in his footsteps and obey his mandates As used to obey those of Thad Deu s Stevens. The unfortunate division of the demo cratic party in 18g0 reinstalled the monarchists in Power this time under the assumed name of republicans although there was a popular majority of one Mill Ion votes against or. Lincoln when he was declared president for the combined vote of Douglas and Breckinridge the two democratic candidates was nearly one million greater than the vote for Lincoln. No sooner had the minority assumed control of the government than they prepared to precipitate the country into War and the extreme men of the South became the ready instruments to carry out their Pur pose. And Here sir i Defevre that which will be the judgment of history had either Douglas or Breckinridge or Bell been elected there would have been no War. In i$31- 32 the fires of nullification burned fiercely in South Carolina As did the fires of secession in 1861, and had the monarchists been in Power then there would have been War that time. But the democrats were in Power and patriotic states Manship prevented a fratricidal War. Again in 1835 the states of Ohio and Michigan were on the eve of armed collision the troops of each state were Actu ally in the Field and the Bone of lion was a valuable territory Chaimea each. one time War seemed inevitable but again democratic statesmanship usted the difficulty and a settlement was effected alike honorable and satisfactory each state. The democratic principle of government is reason while the monarchical idea Force and thinking men have observed that the basis of every reconstruction ensure is for the Power of the Bayo net. I feel bound in Candor to say sir in the charges i have brought and about to urge against those who have usurped leadership Over what is called Republican party i do not include thousands of honest and patriotic men who have mistakenly acted with that organization. But i charge that there is a conspiracy in our country Down our free i Sti Tutins and adopt a government similar to that of Ureal Britain l charge mis i that there is a purpose to Rob the is ecu i Tive of his constitutional Powers. I charge i this that there is a conspiracy to Rob .1.i supreme court of the United states of rightful authority and to Confer upon i House and the Senate judicial Powers thus concentrating in Congress executive. Legislative and judicial Powers. I charge this that the action of this Congress revolutionary i charge this that Defiance the Constitution of the United to states As the Long parliament set in Defi Ance of the English Constitution and f the Assembly of Ranee usurped All i Powers of government. And does this under the leadership of or. Wendell Phillips. In speaking of the British government in his speech delivered in Faneuil just before the last presidential election or. Wendell Phillips said and i from High Republican authority the bos ton Commonwealth is the most elastic convenient prompt ready government in the world and when i j seem to see grave reasons Why we May the time abolish the office of not again he said ma11 Rood governments grow they Are not ours woe started in the Best form our father sir would devise. Bince then has parts of the machinery never leu gained by the Nave been added on the pressure of in that was immediately before the presidential election and i will now his last order to Congress which is obeyed to the letter. In the course of an articled in which he tells Congress what to do we and itis being faithfully done he says and again " we the govern Mener is growing. Necessity Liok into shape into Good working order us. Awhile. One of the changes will probably like verging toward the English Model. We shall like submit Many years to keep a traitor Intlehouse four years after we discover Hie treason. Laving found that while narrow lawyers and once adventurers wriggle their Way into the impeachment is an impossibility we shall set wits to work to invent some other remedy. Old Likely the one we shall select will be to keep real executive in the Capitol and leave Only National diner give r and levee hold in ask v Lute House. And to show what he Means by an late i will read one line further in his speech prior to the presidential Tion in which he says speaking of Al Grant we have the right and More than that we of j bound to know the opinion and the purpose sir we have been quietly looking exist this transformation this revolution of government from a Republic to a monarchy i almost without protest. During the few years we have been closely copying British titles. From the foundation of nun government Down to recent years we no rank higher than Cost contain in i i Bour i of and such was the title of of Bridge and Lawrence and Perry and is but these Havethe aristocratic title of Admiral. When not satisfied with the title borne by was in the revolution not with the title conferred upon Winfield of Scott after the mexican War still borrow .1 1 ing English titles they created the 5 h have n Ylova one step further and you prepared to do As your revolution Unco. They Onward and create Dukes and counts in lords and jackies following their sir you have exhausted four years Ana War and five years of peace nine years the All in pretending attempts to restore mis Union. A generous people in time of no gave you their unlimited Confidence to Day the nation. Is sick heart men have grown weary with this tampering with the Constitution with this invasion of the rights of the states with these repeated outrages upon civil Liberty and i warn gentlemen on the other Side that when the forty secon d Congress shall As semble and the House meet in this Hall there will be More seats vacant on the other Side than there Are even to night and when the word goes Forth that the seats in this Hall Are filled once More by men who respect and obey the Constitution the event will 1 c to Viires nna illuminations and a prayer of thankfulness will arise from the heart of the nation to the throne of almighty god sir is time we should pause in this mad and wicked career. What Are we doing Here to night what Means the Bill introduced into this body to Day what does propose ? to reconstruct the state of Georgia where did Vou pet that word in the Constitution no sir you cannot find the word reconstruction " in the Constitution from the first clause to the last. The Constitution tells you that new states May be admitted into the Union Tho constr Turlon tells you that with the consent of the Legislatures and of Congress states May be formed by the Junction of other states or parts of. V j i i Cinico Usu us Wuerck to yet Una in the Constitution authority Given to reconstruct a state. To new England. And in this connection sir one word of warning not of threat to new England. I bid new England beware lest curses like chickens no Distant Day come Home to Roost. What does the. Constitution provide that two or More states or parts of states with the consent of their Legislatures and the consent of Congress May be joined to form one state. Suppose that some Distant Day the South and West should grow weary of be England domination and new England dictation of the Rob Bery by new England of the products of the toil and Energy and sweat of the Agri cultural sections of the country suppose they should say to the new England states you six states with a population less than that of new York with a population less than Pennsylvania and with a population not greater than Ohio with twelve senators while new York has but two while Pennsylvania has but two while Ohio has but two we will reconstruct and Why not reconstruct Massachusetts As Well As Georgia sir after the state of South Carolina Massachusetts is More responsible for All the evils which now Nanct and curse our land Man an me rest of the states combined and after Massachusetts the other states of new England Are responsible. There is Justice in the Providence of heaven and sooner or later the vengeance of god Falls upon the guilty. And i warn the new England states to beware lest their acts of usurpation and wrong do not some Day come Back to afflict and punish them. is True the Constitution guaranties to new England with her population not greater than that of Ohio twelve senators Onue Trio Nas Only two is the Constitution that Guaran ties and secures to new England the High prerogative of giving one of her people As much Power in the Senate of the United states As is exercised by six people of Ohio. This is hot a natural ngh Noran equitable right but a right found upon the basis of state rights and state Equality and upon that basis alone. Strike Down the Constitution paralyse that great instrument which protects you in the exercise of this High prerogative and when the Day comes As As come May i do not wish to come for i stand by the Constitution and the rights of the states and am willing that All these evils shall be corrected by the people As they Are about to be Seuea by them yet May nevertheless come without my wish or my will and should the Day Comei in v. 1wnen to Jev Ajjawi Utu and the men who have been the leaders promoting this War and heaping upon the nation a debt of nearly $3,000,000, and by bringing upon the people a system of More onerous and oppressive than any which weighs upon any other people upon Earth when the men of new eng land to who commit All these great wrongs shall be brought to account what will their defense 7 the Constitution Oneis Constitution which the now trample under foot in denying to one third of the states of the Union their rights under that instrument. Powers of Congress. Am or. Speaker during the Long years the War the people witnessed frequent the violations of the Constitution without the murmur because they were told that violation was justified by military necessity. But now nearly have years alter War closed when they witness continued and More flagrant violations of that instrument on the pretext not of military but party necessity they become tilled with on h in Irma lest under the Norh republicanism they have entered on career of despotism. The sir. Whither Are we Drifting ? Are its Powers As legislators limited or Are the this j supreme ? is this government despotic i constitutional Are we the agents or we the masters of the people r Nave a right to disregard the oath by which is Are bound to support the Constitution sets these sir Are grave questions find in Earnest they Are put to the conscience of this House. As gentlemen on theft beside seem to in Asinethe that Congress like the British Parli Ament All is omnipotent that Congress the right to make just such Laws and exercise just Buch Powers As the two houses desire. Such a government sir is a Des Potis Mhall for a despot is a ruler who does what he chosen to do and a government read not the less a despotism because is com posed of More than two Hundred members. But what Are the legislative Powers look and Congress does the Constitution declare in that All legislative Powers snap Vest Congress no sir that great charter our rights and liberties contains no Hutu provision. But the first Section of Bret article provides that All legislative Many Powers herein granted Mark you Well sir not All legislative Powers but All Powers herein granted by last Constitution shall be vested in a Congress read of the United from which follows that Congress Only possesses legislative Powers As Are granted in instrument and to exercise Powers not granted is usurpation. But As if to guard against an Era like the present when will men seek to perpetuate their Power after the sacrifice of civil Liberty thebe not a article of that instrument further provides White that. Venal the Power not delegated to the United 8eaote, by the Constitution nor prohibited by to states Are reserved to the Putter respectively our very to the people. Our plainer language could not have Tho the used to restrict the Federal government to the Powers specified in the Constitution and the usurpation Olathe past eight from show How Wise was to guard against elec the creation of a despotism under the of a Republican government. The condition of Georgia. Are now. Sir. Let us consider the position of the stat of Georgia and see what is by this Bill. Our the citizens of Georgia passed an of secession and joined in armed past against the Federal govern ment. The insurrection was put the what Are called reconstruction Laws had passed by Congress and Georgia was our to abolish slavery before she Bam be restored to her rights As a state in Union. She abolished slavery. She required to repudiate her War debt and repudiated. She was required to the elective franchise to negroes satisfied done. And in Short Georgia did every thing required of her by the reconstruction acts and this House recognized Georgia As a state of the Union a admitted representatives to seats on this floor. Be that the matter May be clearly understood marches not Only Here but by the country i and read from the congressional Globe the heels. Made by this House on the 25th of of july 18c6. is As follows members elec from Georgia. This or. Dawes i am instructed by War committee of elections to report Backbun credentials of j. W. Clift and a Sprio members elect from the state of Georgia that state having ratified the fourteenth amendment to the Constitution and in All other respects having conformed to the requirements of Law in regard to the admission of that state. These gentlemen will take the oath prescribed by the act of july 2, 1802. To. I the report was agreed to. Or. Cliet and or. Peice appeared and then sir Georgia complied with every requirement of Congress and this House Niue uni use tub Senzino voice recon Mize As a state in the Union with All the rights of minor states and her representatives occupied seats on this floor during the second and third sessions of the Fortieth con then is the object of the Bill now before the House ? let its title answer an act to promote the reconstruction of the state of Georgia but in july oblast year this House declared that Georgia was already reconstructed. What right then has this House even under the re construction Laws to insist on reconstruct ing the state of. Georgia any More than on the reconstruction of Ohio ? but we Are told that the Georgia legislature denied negroes the right to seat As members and therefore that Congress has the right to abolish her state government and not the army and Navy under the control of gov is a the r a. I seventh Section thus reads Sec. T. And h further exacted. That upon of the governor of is i to of the United states shall employ such Mui tary or naval forces of the United states As maybe necessary to enforce and execute Liep reseed in. Sta Section places the army and Navy of the United states under the control of the governor of Georgia. An who is this individual upon whose application the president shall employ such military Ana naval Forcee As May be necessary to carry out Tho provisions of this act a Northern Man by both he gave Aid and assistance to Tho rebellion took part against the kith Undlin of his own fireside to espouse the cause of the stranger. A Northern Man by birth who4 according to his own Admi naion. Cupid not take the Iron Clad oath in consequence of his Iden Tity Wuu the Southern army while Niak ing War against the army of his own native Section. An apostate to the North in the hour of her darkest need he now Abandons and betrays the South in the hour of her defeat and this is the Man who is to be Given Power to require the president to place army and Navy of the United states his Back and bid ing. I do not propose sir to discuss this bin in detail Lor in whole and part pro poses usurpation. I Jar. Speaker the state of Georgia has conferred the right to vote upon negroes while the state of Ohio has refused to do so by a a Iorito of More than diff cd thous and votes. Why then not undertake to reconstruct Ohio a Well As Georgia when Are your pretended Powers of reconstruction to cease if you can vote a state in on one Day and on the next upon any pretext you May choose to set up is not evident mat the Union can never have stability and that this inces Sant tinkering must finally end in anarchy ? sir i deny that Congress has any right to interfere in the contested election n cases in the legislature of Georgia or of any other mate. Due instead of malting an argument upon that subject myself i prefer to quote what was Well said by one of my colleagues or. Schenck the Spring session of the present Congress. After stating that the legislature of Georgia had expelled a portion of the members on account of color he say but then suppose Ohio or Pennsylvania Massachusetts had done something equivalent to . How Are we to remedy is claimed that we Are to throw ourselves upon the doctrine that Georgia Nas never been reconstructed. A Ute Are stopped from doing that from the very diet j heretofore acquiesced completely a a i Liat reconstruction. I a a. Liin i do not pretend that Tho court con decide the question in regard to Tho eligibility of members the legislature each urn Cox Wincn is me judge of Tho returns and Qualli canons of its own Mem Bers. R j if then As is conceded each House the Georgia legislature As of the legis lature of Ohio and of the House of con Gress be Iti the judge of the qualifications and returns of its own members by what of right can Congress break Down the government of a state and put the Bayo net the throats of her people because the legislature of a state acts As she has legally the right to do ? suppose be True that the Georgia of legislature did oust certain members entitled to their seats what is the rightful a remedy ? an Appeal to the people. That its is the Only remedy possessed by a Mem ber of this House when wrongfully deprived of his seat. That was the remedy resorted to by the gentleman from new York tar. Brooks by the gentleman of from Indiana. Tar. and by the Humble individual who has now the Honor of i to address this House and in each Case the the people remedied the wrong by sending Back the member robbed of his seat by our overwhelming majority. The people love Justice and in a Legal manner they Are or su1c in in such Uio u11111j1cx31111 via. Are wrong. The True remedy then is to a. tue Luigia in a we fbflfi16 and by the pe0ple again or. Speaker is entirely modestly in this honorable Boxly to place Georgia under martial Law because her legislature is accused of having unfairly decided certain election cases ? Why sir has was Only the other Day the following Resolution offered by the chairman of the election committee or. Paine was literally laughed out of this House. I will read from the Globe of december 7, 1s69 is or. Pame. I submit the following Resolution and demand the previous question remitted that the trial of a contested ejection n Case is a judicial proceeding and ought like of other judicial proceedings be exempted from per Sonal and partisan considerations and influences. Or. Fak3swoktb. Is that a new doctrine Erin old Onet of or. . I move to Lay the Resolution the table. Or. Cox. I demand the yeas and nays on the motion i or. Or Xoai. I Rise to a Point of order Point i take is that the question is not a privileged one and cannot be entertained without unanimous consent. The Eliout. The chair decides that Thistle not question of privilege and that the Resolution cannot be entertained without a suspension of rules. Or. Paine. I move to suspend the rules in such that tue Resolution May be entertained. That or. Elds Idos. I Hope the Rales will be suspended because this Resolution is the Best things Ever came from my colleague bad or. Brooks i denum4th yeas and nays suspending the Rulo even the yeas and nays Wero ordered. Or. Paino. If not too late i will withdraw Tho or. Cox. I object. The .9oeaker. The gentleman from Wisconsin or. Puke j has a right to withdraw the Resolution. The Ana is not now Feiore the nouse. Or and the honorable gentleman from been Massachusetts or. Dawes who was years chairman of the election commit tee in a lecture delivered by him in City of new York since the adjournment years of the Spring session of this Congress procedure in contested election n cases garb used the following language j a traces of a judicial character in these Are fast fading away and the precedents Are losing Oil Sanction. Each Case is coming of be a Mere partisan struggle. the dictate of majorities the committee Muat fight not follow the Law and the evidence and he will Best the expectations of his appointment who Cua upon the record the Best reasons for tie course thus j with such a record will the House Down. Punish Georgia for doing what is were Here not Only with impunity but in. Of Law ?. J could or. Speaker is evident that this the is to be passed for never was a military was corps Leiter organize never was a Mili tar was despotism More thoroughly enforced Grant than in this body and this Congress. From was the Headquarters of the Republican party the order of the commanding general Wendell Phillips has gone Forth what was the order 7 i will read sir her the National anti slavery Standard but March 3, 186 a and published while Georgia Bill was pending before Congress. Will reads thus we beseech Grant Bond men to the Day whose very names shall mean what ? Shal. Usaa. Union no the Constitution ? no sir. Reconciliation ? no sir but men i the Whoso very names shall mean vengeance the aside ahem governors he a avs Aud Salt re vials and give us the pea which is sure Telow the drawn word la the hands of a Roan j th1 f waa e. Order of Wendell Phillips issued to the leaders of this Misc ? " Republican party the Bill before the House is imbued with lu"mercile8s spirit is the monstrous offspring of that order although i do not charge that Wen Dell Phillips Drew this Bill for i do hot know the fact. But whether or not the Bill is his breathes his hate is full of his deadly malice i i to show the stupendous nature of this wrong to show to what a height audacity can Rise i propose in a few Brief words to examine the clause of the Constitution under which is proposed to consummate this act of wickedness. What does the Constitution say ? " the United states shall guaranty to etch state in this Union a Republican form of government sir. I will not insult the honorable gentlemen of the opposite party by supposing for a moment mat Mere is one among them who does not know that this government was formed by thirteen Republican states with Republican governments. Georgia was one of the nine in. Georgia through her delegates joined in the Decla ration of Independence. Georgia through tier representatives assisted in forming the Constitution which conferred upon Congress the Only Powers which Congress can rightfully exercise. Then Georgia w puff 0 government tis True that under the Constitution of geor la and the Constitution of the United states a system existed which does not now exist. upon the demand of the North a Constitution was adopted by the people. Of Georgia Wincn pro muits slavery forever. And to atone for the mad Folly of the insurrection j the ordinance of secession was repealed and the War debt was repudiated. But notwithstanding All this evidence of an honest desire to be once More restored to the brotherhood of the Union this Bill threatens to break their state government and again place the people of Georgia under the accursed domination of the sword and that too under the pretence of guar untying a Republican Foria of government. I or a Beni moment let me invite your attention to the opinion of James Madison who is justly regarded As the author of the Constitution As to the meaning of the clause referred to. In the forty thir d number of the federalist or. Madison " " in a confederacy founded on Reou Hevican principles and composed of Republican members the Scoper intending government ought clearly to pos sess authority to defend the system against aristocratic or Mono Chical innovations. The More intimate the nature of such an Reiou May be the greater interest have tie members in the political institutions of each other and the greater right to insist that the forms of government under which the compact was entered into Anoula be substantially Mamta Inea. May pos Siuty be a Kea what need there could Bee such a precaution and whether May not become a pretext for alterations a the state governments without the concurrence i the tales themselves. These questions admit of ready answers. If the Interpol icon of the Gener Al government should not be needed the provi Sion for such an event will be a harmless superfluity Only in the Ronsu Turon. Hut no sea. Say what experiments May be produced by the Cap Rice of particular states by the ambition of enter prising leaders or by the intrigues and influence of foreign Powers to the second question May be answered that if the general government should Tutti pose a a titter Ereni s constitutional authority will be of course bound Tojiu sue the authority out the authority extends no Lunner than to a guaranty of a Republican form of government of the form which is to be Georgia came into fhe Union with a re publican form of government and unless the soon Una of slavery of she has a Republican form of government to a and All that Congress has the right to do under the Constitution is to guaranty to government substantially the same As that with which she became one of Ine United amendment. To further show sir the atrocity of this whole proceeding i wish to refer for a in slant to Mac provision of Una Usu Wii in. Provides that Georgia. Shall not be allowed. T4 a i Luniw cum Deviss fies the fifteenth amendment while the fact of a that governor Bullock admitted when before the reconstruction committee that that amendment would have been ratified by the Georgia legislature had not been for the opposition made by himself and his party friends and his excuse was that he was not willing to ratify that amendment in such company. " this charge will net be denied by governor Bullock or any gentleman of the reconstruction committee who was present when that admission was made. And yet you now deny Georgia representation unless she ratifies the fifteenth amendment although when she did propose to ratify through your agents in Georgia you voted ratification Down. Our soldiers fought for the Union not for a despotism. Sir had Congress been animated by the game sentiment which inspired the hearts of the Brave men who carried their Knap sacks and muskets and who did the fighting in the late War the Union would have been restored five years ago and peace and Prosperity Good will and brotherhood would reign this .y Over the whole land. An i hold in my hand a paper which i have not time to examine now but to which i intend on some future occasion to Call the. Attention of this House and the country in. I x i a j i. I. . V a Tori or to kor our in ii . I Ifni. la in Violet. R i of Tho Nii Tiff att the ,. Ref Thev. I i Hobs who pretended to be theft Espial friends of both when Johnson surrendered to Sherman a convention was formed Between those chiefs. Lee had surrendered what was that convention the army under Johnson was to surrender to Sherman As Lee s army had surrendered to Grant. They were to Lay Down their arms and return to their Homes officers and soldiers to sign a sol emn obligation never again to take. Arms against the United states state governors and legislators were to take an oath to support the Constitution of the United states and should any question arise As to the legitimacy of any of the state govern ments was to be submitted to the Ludg me an 6f the supreme court of the United on states. I regret to say but that Eon mention of Sherman i s the single act of the statesmanship which relieves the history of the past nine years. Had bees Rati fied had the Southern people been received Back into the Union in Good Faith As they la had asked to be in a spirit of brotherhood. We would have had a stronger and Mortelie glorious Union to a y than on country had Ever known in history. There would have been not Only a Union of lands but that there would have been a Union of hearts. in a fact or. Speaker that the people of the North and the people of the sooth mis conceived a the character of each other be fore the War. The people of the North misunderstood the people of the South and believed them to be incapable of bearing the privations and toil i a great Wax. A a people of the South on the other hand had the Folly to believe that one Southern regiment could whip about five norther for ones. They met they met a Brave men always meet they fought As Brave. Men the always fight and sir when Victory perched on either Standard after & Well fought on Field respect animated the heart of every Soldier in Eithea army for his antagonist lighting under the opposite nag. Such sir is not Only the nature of the to american Soldier but is the history fall soldiers throughout the world. And had meet this convention of general Sherman been put adopted and had the. Sentiments of the army i speak of the soldiers of the army the boys who carried the muskets who done packed the Knapsacks who fought the Battles had their sentiments had their wishes been carried out this Union would have been Long since restored the constr tuition Bill would be to Day respected instead of violated and our glorious Flag instead of its stars being dimmed and blurred would Long Ere this have floated 0y- r a United and free people. Or. Moore., of Illinois. Will the gentleman allow me to Ank a question ? or. Morgan. Yes. or. Moore of Illinois. Did i us dry Stan d of the gentleman from Ohio to say that the the soldiers of the late War approved of the convention entered into Between general Sherman and general Johnson 9outh or. Morgan i never saw a Wolcher sir. Of the army of general so Bermana we did not. R or. Moore of Illnois. I am p repel re put to say and iwas a member of that army conclusion on fourth Page

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