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Canberra Good Neighbour Newspaper Archives Oct 1 1953, Page 1

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Canberra Good Neighbour (Newspaper) - October 1, 1953, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory Monthly bulletin of the department of immigration Grants help Economy says noted expert higher target urged t h e r e c a n b e Little d o u b t t h a t t h e australian p Nomy As a whole works better through being forger that is by adding both to the number of its producers and the number of its Consumers says or. Colin Clark director of the research Institute if agricultural economics at Oxford University. Or. Clark who is a firm supporter of an increased migration programme expressed this View recently a an article published in the Sydney daily or. Clark said that complaints were now being eard in some quarters out migrants about their aking jobs and causing unemployment. Some Trade Union and other Pinion demanded that All Migron be stopped. A few exle mists demanded that migrants Arcady arrived Here should be it Home. His article continued a few years ago How Short i memories Are Australia As also full of complaints about migrants for quite a different of reasons. The migrant a pulsation so we complained fas using up scarce supplies of utter and meat it made the Hortage of houses intolerable it d to an excessive demand for an Power and it increased he congestion in trams rail ays hospitals and schools. Both grounds of complaint Annot be Correct. We cannot complain that migrants Ause shortages of goods then " in around and complain they Ause a surplus of goods and employment. Neither complaint is in fact valid. Surely common sense hould remind us that when we ring in migrants we bring m Ore Consumers and More producers and that the two about Alance each other except in so far As the migrant is at any rate temporarily generally saving Money to Send to his relatives abroad. If Australia were a Remote primitive impoverished illiterate country with a grave shortage of cultivable land and no proper Means of transport we might have some grounds of complaining if a Large number of migrants suddenly arrived from abroad. But Australia is not in quite such a bad position. Australia has far More land than its present farm population can cultivate is reasonably Well equipped with schools hospitals Means of transport and other Public utilities and has a Large number of industries most of which share one Factor in common namely High overhead costs. More Consumers workers every intelligent business an in Australia if he is doing is Job properly is looking for Nore sales to help spread his Ligh overhead costs. Not Only Leople with plenty to spend but rapidly increasing number of Iheme that is the business Man s Ideal. Some Scarcity and a somewhat higher Cost of housing is Likely to be the consequence of in increasing population. But against this we must set the possibility of fairly considerable economies and lower prices in the industries producing building materials. Railway services and Power apply have been the responsibility of the state governments and no one would claim that they have been perfectly organised during the Post War years. But even in these Fields it is reasonable to Hope that with a Nuch larger traffic to Cater for n future it will be possible to teen overheads Down and eventually to give a cheaper and better service. Since 1939, the productivity of the australian Economy As a whole has considerably increased. The most striking increases in productivity have been among the Farmers and graziers. But there Are some other encouraging features too. Our antiquated railway systems arc carrying a great Deal More traffic with Only about the same labour Force and there have been great improvements in efficiency in one of the least conspicuous parts of the Home Economy the distributive trades. These developments would not have been possible without a substantial increase in population for which migration has been in Large part responsible. And australian history shows clearly that previous epochs of rapid economic development the 1880 s and the period 1911 29�?have been periods of Large immigration. The periods when immigration practically stopped a the 1930 s and the period 1891-1910 a were in consequence times of comparative economic stagnation. The rate at which Australia could take migrants would be greatly increased if extensive schemes of land settlement were prepared. But let us forget All about land settlement for the moment. Just on the basis on which Australia is developing now with the newcomers going into Industry rather than agriculture there should easily be room for Migra cont. From col. 2 Tion at the rate of i per cent of the population per annul which nowadays Means a net absorption of nearly 90,000 migrants a year. We can make full capital provision for migrants coming in at this rate not Only capital to provide employment but All their requirements of houses schools roads transport and other Public works by saving rather less than four per cent of our annual income. Australia at present saves something like three times this amount enough to provide for our increasing population through migration to provide for an equal rate of natural increase of the existing population and to leave a considerable surplus Over for other Advance planning Lor Royal tour the new settlers league in Queensland has plans Well advanced Tor migrant participation in celebrations associated with the Royal tour next year. The league s August newsletter Points out that it is most anxious to increase the loyalty 1 of new australians to the throne and Empire and that her majesty s visit provides an excellent Opportunity to bring new australians into the National it is already planned that 200 migrant children in National costume will be assembled with australian children at the Brisbane Airport to Greet her majesty on arrival. The lord mayor has also been approached to see whether migrants in the holding centres and outside areas can be Given a Small area at the civic reception which is to be held at this reception it is Hope that Annew australian child will asked to present a bouquet to her majesty a request has also been made to the Premier s department for representation or new australians at the state reception f i j f e f t h f u q / k e help lauded at i Heull. Official open Ralia ing in Melbourne of the greek earthquake Relief fund the greek minister to Australia or. D. Lambros said there is a sort of australian mat ship to every nation in the world and to every Man in the world who n e e d s 1 1 a when there is an emergency or a calamity somewhere aus said. Is in the front line he while donations to the Relief fund Are streaming in the Commonwealth government is considering what Aid it can give to those stricken by the disaster. The minister for immigration. Or. H. E. Holt ., announced that the government will consider whether it can Supply the transport needed to bring 300 children orphaned by the disaster to Australia. Members of Melbourne s greek Community a and some australian families have offered to adopt them. Apart from individual donations Many organisations institutions and enterprises rushed to make gifts of food clothing medicines and other desperately needed articles. Advisory Council meets in Sydney members of the Commonwealth immigration advisory Council pause for a photograph at their meeting in Sydney in August. From left to right clockwise around table a or. P. J. Clarey ., or. R. A. King . . Trades and labour councilor. T. Liston . J. R. Darling or. R. Rowe Assoc. Chambers of Commerce of Australia or. O. D. A. Oberg Deputy chairman mrs. F. G. Kumm world . M. Manning Secretary to councilor. G. W. Brown Chair Manor. R. E. Armstrong asst. Secretary department of immigration or. T. H. Heyes permanent head department of immigration mrs. J. G. Norris National Council of women of Austor. H. R. Mitchell Austn. Legion of sex servicemen and women or. C. J. Austin air Force ass Cor. C. R. Sutton Austn. Council of local govt. Ass Cor. L. Withall Assoc. Chambers of manufactures of Austor. Justice Dovey or. J. C. Neagle . Not present when the photograph was taken were messes. A. E. Monk . R. Broadly . J. R. Gibson Austn. Council of employers federations and senator i. A. C. Wood. Education statistics there were 1,285 adult migrant education classes in operation throughout Australia at the end of july last with a total enrolment of 15,768, while another 11,746 migrants were taking correspondence courses. The attendance percentage in classes was Between 75 and 80. In the correspondence Section enrolments increased during the month by 335. Radio booklets distributed on the personal application of individual migrants totalled 12,843. 3 to assist working of assimilation organisations
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