Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.

OCR Text

Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - September 2, 1890, Burlington, Iowa TSS . iwf rn ON POLISHED: JOKE, 1839.) BURLINGTON, IOWA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 1890. (PUCE: IS CERTS PER WEEK. of the Grand Biter P*»dc Army of Workingmen. jyal Celebration of th© Legal Labor Day. First ie and Labor Assemblies Turn Out En Masse. parade Through All the Principal Streets. City Given Up to the Hon-est Sons of Toil. of the Great Procession and Decoratione. idsome Floats Representing All the Mechanical Arts. idreas of the “Father” Labor Day.* of ier Speakers and the Festivities in the Park. rinding Up in a Blaze of Brilliant Fireworks. It was immense ! The parade, we mean. tnd the crowd and the weather. And the grand army of sturdy laborers. And the varied display of the products [their toil. Burlington's grand army of laborers arched to the front yesterday and swept butting before it. Resistance was tile. though resistance occurred to no je. Merchants, manufacturers, dealers, jabbers, grocers, artisans, all closed their aces of business and surrendered at dis-etion to the valiant hosts. Carpenters opped their planes and saws and levels, uons their trowels and lead, printers eft their cases, barbers closed their shops, ateliers put away the saw, the knife and be chopper, cigarmakers, ironmolders, lilors and men of every branch of the and trades left off their accustomed .ork and joined the ranks of the in-inciblearmy of the sons of toil. One would have thought from the ap-irance of the streets that the whole jfty had turned out to welcome on its (turn some conquering host, that came ck with drums beating, colors flying, ad trains of booty and spoils. It was a royal welcome, but the confest was one of peace, the army was one af peace, there was and had been no bd ti ic t, no strife, no discord. The awns they wore were those of peace, it war. The trains of spoils were not avaged from some defenseless country, but were the products of honest toil, he handiwork of the soldiers of indus-ry, soldiers of the great American anding army of laborers and producers standing army greater, stronger, nobler, than the unproductive, devoutly armed battalions of Europe. Fully twice the length of Jefferson itreet from Central avenue to the river [stretched the great, tin* surprising wade of the working men and the display of their handiwork. It exceeded by [far the most sanguine expectations of all put those most directly concerned it its [formation, arrangement and management, and at this time it is appropriate ll congratulate those men upon their [more than successful efforts. So great was the outpouring that the [great body was an hour late in receiving 'tho order to march. There was no ^grumbling, however, and the gooti-fnatured crowds waited patiently for the grand pageant. Shortly before eleven he head of the grand procession turned of Central avenue onto Jefferson ptreet and as the faint strains from the teds reached the ears of the expectant I throngs there was a grand rush for eligible points of view along the turbines, or stairways and In upper win-[ dows. Then never came The sounds of music find the tramp of feet. Following the [platoon of police officers and the universal favorites, the Boat Club Band, came I gallant Company H, resplendent in dress ■ uniform of blue and white and gold and .gleaming helmets. Marching with the precision of veterans, with faces bronzed in their recent campaigning at Des Moines, thep were the pride of the ladies’ hearts. Then came in carriages the guardians of the municipality, the mayor and the sidemen and the speakers of the day, bowing and saluting all along the way. The first of the battalions of labor was that of the knights of the case, Typographical Union No. 75, and a fine and I*pH Roaring set of men they are, too, [they marched four abreast, all wearing [distinctive badges. The carpenters, ci-[Carmakers and karncssmakors followed, aud then tho brawny iron-moulders and the painters and decorators, each union being preceded by its particular banner P distinguishing emblem. After the painters came Lehman’s band pouring forth their most melodious notes, and then followed the collarma-pers union, their huge brass horse-jtoliar, the emblem of the trade, being parried aloft before, them. The knights of strop and razor came next in line in all tn ,or-’ °* tiles, bamboo canes and -colored sashes. The stationary en-g Deers, the boilermakers, the broom-akers and other artisans filled up the t0ih° Dofirin& Brothers’ band. The and rosy cheeked butchers, a squad-n of horse, came next and elicited gen a Pra>se from the spectators. Fisher _ Aiken’s circus band in chariot pre-the equestrian display of that or-, .Izatlpn’ and the knights and ladies Mn,. Romans in chariots, and Mr. I r^man’ the clown, sitting as far trio P°ssfble from the ears of his sh JI donkey, all came in for a In fif , applause of the youngsters. nW UF , ndsome carriages rode the em-toivL tlie ^cbier Tailoring company, chant > 1n came the floats and the mer-8 and manufacturers’ display. lo„5my & bkms led off with a nktf J-~*-’uu:5 u'u un wiui a large brawn wagon on which was a corps of tnd    kjacksmiths going it “hammer mprrttDu8 an(* makii*g the anvils play a y chorus. The Printers’Union float U thAintereslin8 one 'with type-setters bvhnc,f&ues and foot-power presses fed -— y hands. The cigarmakers’ float WAC a    ----- tiriUfni ^u^y decorated one and the s .°* tbe weed turned out clears lf,SD^'es °f two for a quarter crous h* a y dispensed with a gen-pK*”d- A tidy set of mon were the duck and8 ^ trim suits of white its tnh,te C^ps’ with the imPle‘ the conn trade. The iron molders, Cfeditam^fl aud the boilermakers put to the n al9 in line that added much tout ensemble. procesauJ “ ui uminem, part m the represent ii16 sanitary department was was a force a lar^e ^oat uP°n which humense ce of men engaged in laying Public    piPe’    the    progress    of th. ^improvements was represented by other '«^.*?ineer s f°rce with transit and I Crated ti, Jlty ,aborers- One float I ■'Wooden to. .way of build‘ng Midges ■kited tv, ,uc ures — and a second improved method of conicein of solid masonry; another illustrated the work of the quarrymen, the drilling and blasting of huge bEs of stone. A large float that attracted a great deal of favorable comment was that representing all the fast freight lines haying offices here. The principal object of interest was the well-kown club-footed donkey of H. Locke, which, forming the piece dc resistance of the display was aptly labelled “Burlington Street Railway Electric Motor.” The city scavenger force was a jolly set of fellows, ’spite of their somewhat unsavory occupation. “Original Package” read the labels on their barrels. Derby Bros’, billy goat was another conspicuous object of the parade as, strapped between twTo spades on the sides of the wagon, and a red ribbon tied to his abbreviated, nervously twitching tail he pawed the corn-cobs upon which he rode in state. This firm was    represented by    four wagons. The €., B. & Q. switchmen filled a large wagon, and ilillustrated the operation of throwing the switch. The Cyclone Band appeared with new    silver cornets.    The Chicago Herald distributed copies of that publication. Parson’s    Jersey Dairy was    represented and    Chubb’s Bak ery, Renner and Richter’s Wall Paper stores, Troxels and Giesehs’ furniture house, Blaul & Sons ana Brooks, Smith Grocery Co., F. Edward Runge commission house, Brunberger’s, Niemann’s, Hirer’s, Leieht Bros., ‘One Horse’Leicht, Kreig, Bell & Co., the West End grocery, Roesch & Riffel, Wedertz & Sons all made tasteful and appropriate displays of their lines of goods. The Orchard City Mills, Bosch,, the plumber, the “Famous” clothing store, Gall, the tobacconist, J. M. Scott, the stove and hardware dealer, Kleppiseh & Co.’s china store had . displays that were much admired. Tho coal dealers, Hosford & Co., Sterling & Sons and Burlington fuel company all made large exhibits of dusky diamonds. The wagons of George Boeck, the butcher, and tho two wholesale fruit firms, Lagomarcino and Copeland & Martin, were closely followed by a troop of boys who scrambled for bologna sausage from the first and bananas from tho others. James W. Smither made a large exhibit of the products of his steam bakery and confectionery factory. The Ray Implement company closed the procession with a traction engine and other farm machines. The Burlington Gas company made an attractive exhibit of gas cooking and heating stoves; the Iowa Road Grader company showed samples of the Brow'ii patent carts and an enterprising landscape gardener gave a practical illustration of his calling by laying sod and setting out shade trees, if we have omitted to give credit to any of the bewildering number of fine displays we announce in advance that such omissions are due solely to inadvertence and no intentional slight is meant—tile great and perplexing display must be our excuse. The whole affair was creditable in the extreme, alike to the city and organizers of this celebration of Iowa’s first legal Labor Day. Through all the principal business streets, along wThich from every window hung flags and banners and streamers the endless procession took its way, finally bringing up at the grand rende-vous, Schlampp’s park, where the great throng dispersed to seek rest and refreshment. In the afternoon the park was full to overflowing and, we very much fear, so were many of those within the inclosure —the orators with eloquence, and others with something else. The exercises at the park were opened by a characteristic address by Mayor Duncan, in which he welcomed ihe hosts of labor, complimented them upon the immensity of the parade, and bade “joy be unconfined.” Hon. W. B. Culbertson, that veteran eamaigner, delivered an address which elicited storms of applause, the speaker knowing well how to appeal to a gathering of such a character. Mr. Thos. Hedge, than whom there is no more eloquent and entertaining public speaker in the city, delivered an address which, while containing much food for reflection by laboring men, was couched in an agreeable, entertaining form, well interspersed with those sparkling, felicitous remarks he knows so well how to make. Hon. AV. AV. Dodge, called the “father” of Labor Day, delivered a tine address, of which Hie following is a full report: SENATOR VV. W. DODGE’S ADDRESS. Ladies and Gentlemen: We learn, iii early history, that there suddenly appeared in the Forum, that great amphitheatre of Rome, a yawning chasm. It seemed impossible to fill it up, so the priests consulted their oracles. These made answer “that it would only close on receiving what was most precious.” Willing hearts and hands cast gold, jewels and precious stones into the great abyss, but without avail. It could not be filled. At last the augurers declared “it was courage that was the most precious thing in Rome.” Hearing this a valaint patrician youth named Marcus Curtius attired himself in his armor and mounting his horse, plunged headlong into the chasm, thus giving “tile most precious of all things, courage and self devotion.'’ After this it is said it closed itself. In this great working day we see a yawning chasm existing between capital and labor. Nothing has yet been able to fill it up. The blood of revolutions and the life of many modern Marcus Curtius, have not been able to close this dark, deep, gaping abyss. While the brave patrician youth offered his life as a mark of courage and self devotion, and by this deed of superb heroism caused the awful chasm to close, we of to-day need not consult the oracles for the most precious thing with which to fill the great gap that separates capital and labor—for when we recall the Latin maxim, “labor omnia vincet,”—that is, “labor conquers all things,” we are led irresistibly to the conclusion that labor will yet solve the problem. Some say that this is impossible, that such an end was never intended, that the gaping abyss jvill never close. Yet I am one who entertains a different opinion. I have listened to the story of labor, have turned the pages of history and there read of its trials, its defeats, its triumphs, its patience, its never ceaseless efforts to close the yawning chasm by honest endeavor and the sacrifice of precious lives. I hope the time is not far distant when evening shadows will close in upon the day, when capital and labor will walk hand in hand, like the two Dromios, “not one before the other.”    .    t -ii In the limited time alloted me I will say but a word on two great questions of vital concern to the industrial classes, namely, the eight-hour law, and organ ized labor. As far back as the thirties laboring men were obliged-to work from eleven to twelve hours a day, and in some places it was from “sun to sun, which in summer meant sixteen hours a daOn April IO, 1840, President Van Buren issued an order making ten hours a day’s work in the navy yards at Washington, and in all government establishments. This was generally adopted in the large factories of the east. The American federation of labor is demanding eight hours for work, eight hours for rest, and eight hours for what they will. Is this unreasonable. Will it harm capital or labor? No. H ca® not be contended for a moment, but *ba^b® foundation of a republic def:“d^ "p?n the virtue and intelligence of Bs people. Take the uneducated man, place him like a machine in the factory, andI keep him at work twelve or fourteen hours a day. What is the result? He rc.tu™^ * b5l home tired and weary from theday s toil, no ambition, no desireifor or Christian teaching, but sits limp^and listless on his hearthstone in lethargy until the stars begin to shine, and then seeks his rest. At the coming of tho dawn he arises, eats his humble (Continued on Page Four.) IBE HENNEPIN CANAL Remains bor in the River and Hor-Bill as Agreed to. The Present Provisions of the BUI—The Tariff Measure in the Banate— House Legislation—Reciprocity with Canada—Notes. Washington, Sept. I.—After a weok’s steady work the conferees on the river and harbor bill have reached an agreement and signed the report. The changes made in the bill by the senate were generally agreed to but in numerous cases the appropriation was reduced. As the bill passed the house it appropriated $19,984,000; as it passed senate, $25,787,000, and as agreed to in the conference, $24,881,000. The section forbidding the obstruction of channels of navigable rivers and providing punishment therefor was stricken out aud the senate bill as amended by the house committee on rivers and harbors covering the ground more thoroughly inserted. The Hennepin canal remains in the river and harbor bill as agreed to by the conference, as does also the Sault Ste. Marie, Hay lake channel and Galveston harbor clauses. RECIPROSITY WITH CANADA. Senator Sherman’s Proposed Amendment to the Tariff Bill. Washington, Sept. I.—Senator Sherman’s proposed amendment to the tariff bill, which provides for reciprocity in the free entry of merchandise from one country into another, reads; “and whenever it shall be duly certified to the president of the United States, that the government of the Dominion of Canada has declared a desire to enter into such commercial arrangements with the United States as will result in a complete or partial removal of duties upon the trade between Canada and the United States, he shall appoint three commissioners to meet those who may be designated to represent the government of Canada to consider the best method of extending the trade relations between Canada and the United States, and to ascertain on what terms a greater freedom of intercourse between the two countries can best be secured; and said commissioners shall report to the president, who shall lay the report before congress.    * THEY WANT TO BB STATES. the A Sub-Committee Will Investigate Claims of the Territories. Washington, Sept. I.—At a meeting of the house committee on territories today a resolution by Mansur, of Missouri, was unanimously adopted, authorizing the sending of a sub-committee of seven members to New Mexico and Arizona to inquire into the social, educational, financial and moral conditions existing there, and report whether the territories are prepared for statehood or not. The sub-committee will also visit such localities in Utah as they deem proper and take testimony upon the questions of the prevalence and extent of or decadence of the doctrines and practices of plural and celestial marriages as taught bv the heads of the Mormon church. of the tariff, and he was confident the demand for a lower range of duties would have to receive early and favorable response from congress. So long as high tariff was needed to keep the wheels of industry in motion it had been uncomplainingly supported and properly defended. But the sentiment was growing and the belief was becoming a fixed conviction in the west at least as to some of the protected industries that the decreased cost of production should now be met by a greater decrease of duties than the manufacturers had yet been willing to accept. He (Paddock) would reduce the duties on the necessaries of life to the lowest point consistent with the maintenance of home Industries, and would demand reasons for every impost, reasons that should be specific and conclusive, not only respecting the need of a duty but as to the amount of such duty. The bill as reported, while much improved over the House bill, was something of a disappointment. He was certain that all who were favored most directly by the mainsainance of high tariff would be better satisfied with the bill on the lines laid down by the committee than all other classes. He believed in free sugar but believed it should be secured through some such plan of reciprocity as indicated by Blaine and formulated by the finance committee. But whatever might be done in that respect, if a liberal bounty to home produced sugar were assured for fifteen years there would be no occasion whatever thereafter for the importation of a single pound of sugar into the United States. He would treat the proposed tin plate industry in the same way. He felt certain it would be a part of wisdom and justice to adopt the bounty policy rather than increased duties. After a long discussion tho committee amendments were agreed to—26 to 18. To the next paragraph, relating to woolen or worsted clothes, knit fabrics, etc., the committee reported an amendment increasing the duty from twice to three times the duty per pound on unwashed wool, first class; agreed to. On motion of Carlisle the word “shawls” was inserted after the words woolen or worsted clothes. To the next paragraph, relating to blankets, hats of wool and flannels for underwear, the committee on amendment made the duty the same as that on pound and a half unwashed wool, first-class, in addition to the advalorem rates; agreed to. Finally, tho wool schedule was completed and Vance offered as an additional section the amendment of which he heretofore gave notice, allowing a reduction of the duty on goods purchased with the proceeds of American farm products sold in foreign countries. He will ask for an evening session to-morrow in which to address the senate. Schedule L, relating to silk and silk goods, was taken up and the committee amendments agreed to; also one by Ald rich striking out of paragraph 392 the words “spun silk” and adding “spun silk in skeins, or cops, or on beems, 35 per cent advalorem.” Mr. Aldrich stated the sugar schedule would be taken up to-morrow. The conference report on the bill relating to col lisions at sea was agreed to, and the sen ate adjourned. RAILROAD MATTERS. IOWA POSTMASTERS. Changes Made in Iowa for the Week Ending Angust 30. [Special to the Hawk-Eye.] Washington, Aug. 30.—The following postoffice changes were made in Iowa during the week ending August 30, 1890: Established — Carbonado, Mahaska county, John W. Jones, postmaster. Postmasters appointed—Carnes, Sioux county, Otto J. Liebe; Clyde, Jasper county, S. D. Miller; Farragut, Fremont county, M. M. Chambers. RED HOT IN HENRY. Political Atmosphere Beginning to Boil in That County. Preparing for the County Convention. An Engineer’s Fete—A Little Boy Smothered in Oats— General State News. CONGRESSIONAL. A Question of Privilege Raised by Cooper in the House. Washington, Sept, I.—In the house Stockbridge, of Maryland, moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill providing for government inspection of coal mines in the territories; agreed to. Mr. Cooper, of Indiana, rising to a question of privilege, stated that one of the charges made in the resolution offered by him for an investigation of the commissioner of pensions was that the commissioner was selling stock in a refrigerator company to tho employes of the pension office. Today he had learned that one of the members of the investigating committee, representative Smyser, of Ohio, was one of the stockholders. He (Cooper) therefore, offered a resolution discharging Smyser from the committee and di reeling the speaker to appoint his successor. Mr. Smysersaid he had no intimation that he was going to be appointed on the committee) until the announcement was made by the speaker. As a member of the committee he had entered upon the discharge of duty and he had done it faithfully and well. He did own some of the stock, but that fact could, in no manner effect the integrity or honor of an honest man and the friends who knew him would never impute to him the want of honor and integrity. Mr. Smyser said there was noihing in the charges against General Raum in anyway affecting him but in order to satisfy the other side of the house and the country, and in duty to himself he asked to be relieved from further duty on the committee. A Grain Rate Order Suspended—The New BUI of Lading Chicago, 111., Sept. I.—The order of the interstate commerce commission reducing grain rates from the Missouri river and points beyond, has been suspended until September 15, several of the roads having asked a rehearing. The Rock Island and Alton, however, will put the new rates into effect September 15th and if the commission refuses to reopen the case the other roads must follow suit. The second attempt to put into effect the uniform bill of lading on the roads leading east from Chicago resulted today in a failure. The Wabash declined to use it on through shipments in connection with the Canadian Pacific; the Grand Trunk refused it unless the Wabash applied it, and the Big Four would only adopt it if all other road did. The outlook for the new bill of lading is gloomy. [Correspondence of The Hawk-Eye.] Mt. Pleasant, Sept. I.—The political atmosphere in some quarters of Henry county approaches the torrid state. The county convention is to be held next Saturday. The different precincts held their primaries and the returns are beginning to roll in. At some of the primaries there was manifested much feeling, and ail of them were largely attended. The main contest is over the county clerkship. The present incumbent, C. B. Rukgaber, is a candidate for renomination. His competitor is Hugh Geseeka. And the contest is one of the sharpest our county has had for years. Rukgaber is closing his second term, has given universal satisfaction, is a German, and was a soldier, a private in the Fourth Iowa Cavalry, and served his country well. He is a shoemaker by occupation, but for years was one of our best business men. The opposition to him is largely based on the anti-fhlrd term principle. Geseeka is one of our working young republicans, a German, has studied law but has of late been giving his attention to farming, and stands deservedly high among our citizens. It is generally conceded that if elected he would make a good clerk. And yet, strange as it may seem, while the ardent friends of neither can speak disparagingly as to clerical efficiency, the contest has become so animated that the lines at the primaries have been drawn almost wholly on this issue. But Henry county republicans are men of good sense and strong party loyalty. Saturday’s convention will settle the contest, which at this time appears very close, and the friends of the losing man will fall into line, bow to the will of the majority, and help elect the nominee. And which of the two shall be nominated he will be a worthy standard bearer, to head the county ticket. There is, however, some talk of a third man, hoping thereby to evert any possible ill feeling. It is expected that a full delegation from this county will attend the congressional convention, and we indulge in the hope that our worthy present—and a we do not doubt our worthy next, congressman may be present. There is little as yet said here on the congree sional matter. But Seerley’s nom i na tion was received in this county with a lack of democratic enthusiasm, scarcely excelled by the democratic apathy in that matter in your city. Appearances indicate that Seerley “burned his powder” two years ago, so far as Henry county is concerned, and cannot this year equal the vote he received in his former defeat. The republicans of the county will turn out and vote this fall. The lesson of last fall, when, by a na thy of our farming friends, a democratic sheriff was elected by six votes, will be heeded. Th full republican vote will be polled this fall. The county chairman, lion. W. S. Withrow, is a “hustler” and will make the campaign this year a “hummer.” The public exercises drew a crowd of four thousand. In the prize cavalry drill the lodge located at Crescent took the first position, Hazle Dell second. AN ILLINOIS VENDETTA. A Shotgun Used to Settle a Family Quarrel in McDonough County. Macomb, 111., Sept. I.—While Bob Ferrill, of this city, was going in to his house Saturday afternoon, William Miner shot him in the arm and back with a double-barreled shotgun. The wounds will probably not prove fatal. The shooting was a result of a long feud existing between the men. It wa* more directly caused, however, by Ferrill chasing Miner for several hours yesterday with a loaded revolver, threatening to shoot him. Miner is confined in jail. A DEADLY PRESENT. Theodore Grub* Instantly Killed by His Brother With a Target Gun. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Unionville, Mo.. Sept. I. — This morning as Henry and Theodore Grube, of Wilson township, aged ten and seven years respectively, were returning home from a hunt, the former fell with the gun, causing it to discharge the load. The bullet struck Theodore in the back and passed entirely through his chest, causing instant death. The parents had purchased the target gun as a present for the boys on Friday last. DIPHTHERIA AT CANTON, ILLINOIS. Be Demands that Sanitary Regulations Enforced by the Authorities. Canton, Ills., Sept. I.—There are a number of cases of malignant diphtheria in this place. Two or three deaths have occurred. It seems that the authorities do not care to quarantine the premises where the disease is, or enforce sanitary regulations. The local papers are demanding that the authorities enforce the law. THE SINGLE TAX DEA. PURE FOOD. Iowa Puts in Demand for Legislation Against Adulteration. Remarks of Hon. John P. Lacey, of tho 6th District, ob ’’Compound Lard” aad Other Fraudulent Prodncte —Tho American Hog. THE STATE FAIR. ARKANSAS ELECTION OUTRAGES. Colored Judges Ejected From the Polls and White Men Substituted. Little Rock, Sept. I.—This morning at the opening of tho polls two colored judges, appointed by County Judge Hill to serve in the Third ward, were ejected from the polling place and white men elected in their stead. The remaining judge, a white man, refused to serve with the newly elected judges and opened polls elsewhere thus making two polls. A dispatch from McAlmont says the judges there appointed by Judge Hill were refused admission to the polling places. There is much excitement and trouble is feared. A POLITICAL MURDER. A Row at the PoUs in Conway, Arkansas Ends In Blood. Little Rock, Sept. I.—A special to the Gazette from Conway, says: J. McCullaugh was shot and killed to-night, It is supposed the shooting was done by J. L, Williams. McCollough’s brother, Will, was the democratic candidate for sheriff, and Williams his opponent on the republican ticket. While the vote was being counted to-night, a distur hance arose, and McCollough was killed. ON A STRIKE. The Senate. Washington, D. C., Sept. I.—In the senate, Blair asked whether a motion to adjourn would be in order. This was Labor Day, he said, and should be universally observed. Mr. Hoar said Labor Day would be better honored by legislation in behalf of labor. Mr. Blair acquiesced and said, “I give notice to the senator in charge of the tariff bill that I will ask unanimous consent of the senate to give precedence to the consideration of the labor bills that have been sent to us by the house of representatives.” Mr. Sherman gave notice of an amendment which he proposed to offer to the tariff bill, looking toward red procity with the Dominion of Canada in coal and toward “extending the trade relations between Canada and tho United States.” Mr. Blair asked unanimous consent to proceed to the consideration of the house bill for the eight-hour law as the bill could not be disposed of without dis cussion, Aldrich objected and ths tariff bill was taken up, the question being on the paragraph as to wool and woolen yarns to which the finance committee had reported an amendment increasing the duty per pound from twice to two and one-half times the duty imposed on unwashed wool of the first class. Mr. Paddock addressed tho senate in friendly criticism of the tariff bill. There was no dissent in the republican party to the declarations it had heretofore made in its platform, but there was a difference of opinion as to the details of the tariff. There was no dissension as to such protection as would cover the cost of labor between the United States and foreign countries. He would be glad if he could follow the majority of the finance committee, but regretted he could not see his way clearly to it as to all sections. The agricultural west, he said, never favored high protective duties, but did favor sufficient protection to cover the difference in wages, while at the same time a semblance, at least, of foreign markets was preserved. The west regarded “revision of the tariff I as meaning “reduction of the tariff I whenever possible, and not an increase Tile Union Carpenters in Chicago All Out. Chicago, Sept. I.—Constructively all of the union carpenters in Chicago in number about eight thousand are on strike to-day, but as they are participating in the labor parade there is no evidence of a strike beyond idleness on buildings in course of construction similar to that which extends to other branches of labor and on the same account. The Official Opening off the Exposition Yesterday. [Special to the Hawk-Eye.] Des Moines, Sept. I.—The most pleasing features of the state fair to-day was the official opening at the exposition bali. On the stand were President Hayes, Secretary Shaffer, Hon. George Wright, General Bussey, Rev. John W ebb, Hon. P. G. Ballogan, F. L. Chase, J. D. Brown, and J. B. Grinnell. After music by the band the exercises were opened by an eloquent prayer by the Rev. J. Webb, after which President Hayes delivered his annual address. Judge Wright followed with one of his famous speeches. His eulosry of Iowa as an agricultural state, his review of the agricultural society since its organization thirty-six years ago, and Dis eulogy of its officers was particularly interesting, and held the attention of the audience from the beginning to the end. It was a speech such as only the judge can make. General Bussey’s remarks and Mr. Grinnell’* speech were very interesting and were received with applause. _ arrand SUCCESS. Keokuk’s Electric Car Line in Full Operation. Keokuk, la., Sept. I.—The first cars of the electric street railway were put in motion yesterday over the newly laid track and the event was one of great joy to the citizens here. Much to tile gratification of the proprietors and the people, the first trial was a complete success and shows every sign of Continuing so. All day long yesterday the two cars were crowded by passengers eager to try the new mode of locomotion. LIT ON HIS HEAD. Peter The Arkansas Election. Little Rock, Ark., Sept. I.—The Gazette says; The state and county elections to-day passed off quietly as far as known. Nothing more than a few disturbances of ordinary character have occurred and these did not effect the results. Partial returns and estimats received by the Gazette from thirty of the seventy-five counties in the state indicate a largely increased majority for Gov. Engle and the democratic state ticket over two years ago. The democratic majorities on the county officers and legislators have been correspondingly increased. The democrats claim the state by from twenty-five to thirty thousand majority. In the third ward and several townships in this (Pulaski county) double polling places were established, owing to a charge that the county judge violated the law in appointing judges of elections. Lang Dies Shortly After Being Thrown from His Boggy. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Muscatine, Sept. I.—Peter Lang, the elder son of Charles Lang, the brewer, was found in an unconscious condition at East Muscatine at two o’c lock Monday morning and died shortly afterward of concussion of the brain. His watch and money were in his pockets, also a flask of whisky which he had nearly emptied. It is thought in turning a corner he was thrown out of his buggy on his head. He had been running an original package house at Milton and was on his way home. AN ENGINEER’S FATE. and Carried Down by a Breaking Bridge Scalded to Death. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Avoca, Sept. I.—Saturday evening while crossing a bridge ten feet above the base of a ravine at a point four miles west of this city with a traction engine, the bridge gave way. Ray Gage, who had charge of the engine, was carried down with the wreck. He was terribly scalded by steam and hot water. He was taken to his home at Avoca where he died at six o’clock this morning. FIRED BY VANDALS. Three Men Cremated. Como, Col., Sept. I.—The Walford house burned early this morning. The fire caught in a room on the second floor,, occupied by an invalid who it is thought kicked over a lamp. Three persons were burned to death. One has been identified as William Pryor, a Western Union line repairer but the others are unknown. Some other parties barely escaped and all the property was totally destroyed. A Pinkerton Detective Assaulted. Tribes Hill, N. Y., Sept. I.—A Pinkerton detective was assaulted and badly beaten near the New York Central station last night. He was under the influence of liquor and abusive. A Commission Merchant Fails. Kansas City, Sept. I.—D. C. Imboden, one of the most prominent grain commission men in this market, failed to-day for $10,000. Pears is the purest and best soap ever made. The City of Oxford, Iowa, Nearly Destroyed toy Fire. Iowa City, Sept. I.—Fire last night almost totally destroyed the town of Oxford, west of this city. Nearly all the business part and manv of the private residences were burned- The postoffice, bank and many other buildings were destroyed. The fire was undoubtedly incendiary, the fire bell rope having been cut. The loss is estimated at from $25,000 to $50,000. A DEADLY STROKE. Mrs. Daily, of Algona, Fatally Injured by Lightning. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.J Algona, Sept. I.—Mrs. Daily, living eight miles norteast of this place, was struck by lightning to-day tearing off part of her clothing and shoes and badly injuring her. She will not recover. A Fatal Electric Car Collision. Davenport, Iowa, Sept. I.—W. C. Preston, principal of the city schools, was killed to-day by a collision between an electric car and a freight train. Henry George Arrives From Europe and Is Enthusiastically Received. New York, Sept. I.—Henry George reached here early this morning by the steamer Servia. The delegates from the Single Tax club met Mr. George at the pier and extended to him a formal welcome. In addition to the appointed delegates a large number of single tax men marched in a body to meet their chief. Mr. George informed    his friends he felt tired after    the voyage and needed a few    hours rest. He said his trip was more successful than he anticipated even in the protection strongholds of Australia.    His most pro nounced views on free trade, he said. were given an impartial hearing everywhere. “Single tax clubs.” he '•aid, • sprung up all along the line after my speeches. The issue has already excited Australian politics.” Delegates from single    tax clubs of thirty-three states aud the District of Columbia met at Cooper Union this afternoon for the puropse of forming a permanent organization of single tax clubs of the United States. There were four hundred and twenty delegates. Wm. T. Crasdale. of New York, called the convention to order. He explained how the conference came to be summoned and during the address had occasion to say that Henry George suggested the idea. At tin1 mention of George's name the entire meeting rose in a body and cheered. H. T. Triug, city attorney of Houston, Texas, told of the progress of the single tax idea in Texas. He >aid the Farmer’s Alliance was becomingpowerfuh It had fifty thousand or seventy-five thousand members in texas and the placed a man in the governor's ( hair who was a man of the people. [Cheers], They were favorable to the single tax idea. Tile Knights of Labor were aNo favorable to a >ing!e tax and many of their master workmen were committed to it. Dr. Henry Chase, of St. Louis, said the single tax idea favored the abolition of all laws supporting monopoly. The abolition of paper currency and abolition of legal murder [cheers]. The republican party is committing suicide, and the democratic party is dying a slow death. lie, however, had hopes that tile democrats would do some good before dying. Louis A. Post was elected permanent chairman. In his speech he said he believed Henry George always saw the hand of God in the single tax movement. The path is broadening and will broaden until the entire democratic party is included iii the movement. William E. Brokaw, of South Dakota was elected permanent recording secretary:    R.    G. Brown, of Tennessee and John C. White, of Illinois, asssstant and reading <erre-taries; IL F. Ring, of Texas, Wm. Lloyd Garrison, of Massachusetts and A. II. Stephenson, of Pennsylvania, vice presidents. Committees were then appointed and tho meeting adjourned. some QUESTIONS ANI) ANSWERS, The press committee distributed the interview which follows as the sentiments of Henry George. The questions were written out and sent to George who tilled in the answers. Question- Will you run for mayor? Answer—No. Question—Would you run if a monster petition, such as that of 1885 was presented? Answer-—No. I did that once under a sense of duty but I think I discharged my duty then. Question—Will you run for congress? Answer—No. Answer—Under what circumstances would you run? Answer—I would not run at all. I see no prospect of circumstances that would induce me to run for anything. I have other work to do. Question—Will you go to Pennsylvania to stump the state for Pattison? Answer—I have not been asked. Question—If you should go would that commit the democratic party to free trade? Answer—I don’t know how His within my power by doing or not doing anything to commit the democratic party. It is committing itself to free trade pretty fast, and if I could hasten its advance to the only logical and truly democratic position of absolute free trade and no tariff at all, I would go further than Pennsylvania. Question—You have said tin* Salvation Army is inclined to assist the single tax movemnets: how far has it gone in tho single tax direction? Answer—That is hardly the way I put it. I have said the Salvation Army is about beginning to grapple with the poverty and destitution which exist in all cities of Great Britain and I am satisfied all attempts of this kind must ultimately lead them to single tax views. I think I am now breaking no confidence in saying that Mrs. Booth, who has been a sharer of all the general’s labors, and who is now passing to her rest through the slow agony of an incurable disease, has been for years what we would call a single tax woman. General Booth himself had not, I think, got so far, nor is the army in any way committed to single tax but it has seen that the work of true Christianity cannot be accomplished until everyone is willing to support himself by honest labor shall have an opportunity to do so. Question. Is there any probability of a single tax candidate being put In the field in 1892? Answer. I do not think there is any probability of a single tax party being in the field, for a single tax candidate will in many cases be run, and the democratic party is rapidly on its way to free trade. The Mutual Protectionists. Missouri Valley, la., Sapt. I.—The mutual protectionists of western Iowa held their annual reunion’here Saturday. Obituaries. The wife of Judge Thomas M. Cooley died at Ann Arbor yesterday. Ex-Paymaster George F. Coulter of the U. S. navy died at his residence in this city, yesterday, aged seventy-one. Thursday, Aug. 21.—The house having under consideration the bill (H. R. 283) known as the Conger lard bill, etc. Mr. Lacy said: Mr. Speaker: Coming as I do from a state that owns from $28,000,000 to 830,-000,000 worth of hogs, nearly double as much as any other state in this union, I naturally feel much interest in the pending question before the house. We have heard at very great length from several gentlemen, especially from my friend from Mississippi (Mr. Morgan), a description of what constitutes hog’s lard, a description that naturally brought to the mind of the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Brosius) the lines from Macbeth descriptive of the witches’ caldron. It is horrible stuff, they tell us. Then, my friend, why imitate it? Why insist on branding as lard a pure and delicate article which passes for olive oil; why brand it with the name of something so foul as “lard,” the villainous stuff that you have described here? [Laughter.] If cotton seed oil is such a pure and delicious thing, why raise over it the banner, “In hog sujno vincesf ’ [ Laughter. ] Let it sail under its own colors, and if it is a good article it will work its way in the markets of the globe. Mr. Speaker, there is a demand ail over this country for pure food. This bill is the second step in that direction. The gentleman from Missouri (Mr. Hatch) has been complimented highly for the first step, the measure whb-h he brought forward to put down oleomargarine, or to compel “bull-butter,” as it is familiarly called, to go upon the market under its own name, to be sold as oleomargarine and not as “pure Orange county butter.” That was one step and now it is to be followed by another, and I hope that we shall take step after step in this same direction until this country shall cease to be disgracefully held up all over the world as the home of adulterated food. We will add another commandment to the decalogue, “Thou shalt not commit adulteration,” and we will enforce it by federal law. [Laughter and applause on the republican side.] Almost everything that we eat or drink is so adulterated that only a chemist can trace the original substance. Fortunately for the human race most of these admixtures are not injurious to health. Usually some cheap, but not poisonous, compound is added to every article of food until no man knows what he is eating or what he is drinking, unless he lias produced the article himself. But the parties engaged in such frauds are not too conscientious to use materials of the most deleterious character, where such materials will answer the purpose, and can be purchased more cheaply than more wholesome articles. From Iowa no uncertain voice has been heard upon this question. From every part of the state, and from all classes has been heard a demand for Hie passage of a bill to protect the great hog staples from the depreciation caused by fraud. We have just passed a meat inspection bill, so that the hog products which go to Europe may have the seal of honest inspection to assure all consumers that the meat products of this country are pure and wholesome. When Bismarck got into the trough himself and crowded the American hog out of the German markets, he did it under the pretext that our bacon was unwholesome The meat inspection law will deprive the German government of this false ground for exclusion of our products. And when the fraudulent producers of bogus lard seek to crowd the genuine hog products from the American markets they commence with the assumption that the genuine article is an unwholesome and unhealthy one. To allow a spurious compound to enter into a disguised competition with our great agricultural staple is to permit the first step to be taken to destroy that staple. The question of furnishing honest lard for all markets is one that ought to interest all Americans. One jzreat industry should not be permitted, in disguise, to undermine and destroy another. If cotton is king by divine right, it should not attempt to rule under the disguise of lard. Mr. Speaker, in the state of Mississippi, front which we have so much opposition to this bill, the annual hog product amounts to only about $4,000,000. The hogs there are built for speed [laughter], as some of my soldier friends here who were upon the confederate side and also some upon the federal side well remember. There is no lard in them: so that the people are compelled to go out to the cotton field for their lard, and it is very natural that gentlemen from that part of the country should rise here in defense of the cotton seed oil product rather than the pure juice of the hog. It is quite natural they should take that course: but let the article be sold under its own name. The razor-backs which roam the cane-brakes of northwestern Mississippi do not take to fat kindly, but it does not follow that the cotton-seed oil of the Tallahatchee, the Yallabusha and the Yazoo should be sold as the Ciiginal hog products of Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa. The gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Mason) told us to-day that at one time the makers of this “refined lard” were induded to change the name and call it ‘compound lard." or “lard compound.” They were “gilding refined gold, painting the lily.” This elegant compound that has been described by my friend from Mississippi, they called “ refined lard.” They put the refined substance of eottou-seed oil into it, but still they called it “lard,” yet nothing in the name or label indicated that there was anything in it but the product of the hog. The gentleman from Illinois stated that Mr. Fairbank voluntarily changed his trade-mark and called his product “com-I»ound lard” or “lard compound;” but my friend substantially conceded away all the merit of the claim that he made from Mr. Fairbank when he said that that change was the result of an investigation in congress; that the opponents of this product and this manufacturer, Mr. Fairbank, met before the agricultural committee of the house, and that finally Mr. Fairbank agreed to change his brand to “compound lard.” Mr. Stockdale—Will the gentleman explain the object of the tax? Mr. Lacey—The object is this: We cannot reach this product in any other way. There is a constitutional question involved, and the gentlemen who are endeavoring to force compound lard down the throats of the American people under the name of “refined lard” or “pure lard” can not be reached by federal legislation except in th it way. The same difficulty arose in the case of oleomargarine. State iawsjire not sufficient. It is true that Illinois has passed a law requiring a certain stamp or brand to be put upon this compound, but that stamp is put on tile head of the barrel, and when the lard goes to Mississippi or elsewhere the first thing the merchant does is to knock in the head, and then the brand is gone and he scoops oat this “compound lard” and sells it for genuine lard at three or four cents a pound less than honest lard could be sold. control the sate of these articles through the internal revenue taxing power, sad, as I understand, this bill has been based upon the principle of the oleomargarine law. My friends on the other side of the house say that this Is a “con test between the African and the hog,” and for once they are on the side of the African. No doubt their colored constituents will be glad to know that there is at least one animal on the face of the earth that they are not expected to play second fiddle to. [Laughter.] Negroes raise cotton seed, it is true, but they have been the unwilling victims of fraud too iong to wish to profit by fraud perpetrated upon some one else. Clamoring as they do for an honest count, they will never be found Asking for dishonesty in food. The colored man is appealing to congress to do away with fraud, and I hope the appeal will reach the conscience of my democratic friend from Missouri Mr. Hatch. We will commence on lard and finally we will come up to other frauds perpetrated in this country. “Let every tub stand upon its own bottom.” If cotton-seed oil is the good thine: they say it is, it does not need to masquerade as lard. If lard is the filthy thing it is ciaimed to be by the opponents of this bill it would never be interfered with by a counterfeit. It is useless to say that lard is an inferior article when they seek to counterfeit. No one counterfeits the note or check of a “tramp.” Men imitate something that has a record or reputation, something that will sell in the market. Shakespeare should not be labeled Bacon, nor cotton-seed oil marked family lard. Hypocrisy is the highest tribute paid by vice to virtue; and so the imitation or counterfeiting of an article is the highest praix- that < an be bestowed upon that article. Nothing is counterfeited but what is good, and when these men concede that the name of “lard*’ is worth something as an inducement to the purchase of the article, they concede away their whole claim. They concede that cotton-seed oil will not sell in the markets unless under a fictitious name. The falsehood of the charges against lard can not be more readily disproved than by the admission that it is profitable to counterfeit it. (Here the hammer fell.) Mr. McClammy—Before my friend takes his seat I would like him to answer just one (juestion. and I will give him the time. A man who does not a>k a question when he wants information remains ignorant, while by Asking it he may get information. Mr. Lacey.—Ask your question then. Mr. McClammy—I want to hear the gentleman tell the difference between “compound lard" and “lard compound.” Mr. Lacey—The difference is the same as the difference between tweedledum and tweedledee. Mr. McClammy—That is exactly what I expected you to say. Mr. Lacey—And the difference between “compound lard” or “lard compound” and lard is about 99 per cent. Mr. McClammy—I do not understand the gentleman's figures. Mr. Lacey—Well, they have graded it all the way from 60 per cent of cottonseed oil up to 99 per cent Mr. McClammy—Is that “lard compound" or “compound lard?" Mr. Lacey—The eottolene which was brought in here to-day they say has not any lard in It, not even enough to flavor it. yet nobody can tell the difference between it and lard except bv the label. Mr. McClammy—I ain advised that I am consuming time by these questions; but I am not satisfied with the gentleman’s answer. Mr. Lacey—And in conclusion, for my time is up, I wish to add that this legislation, commenced with oleomargarine, will not end with lard, but in the end should result in such laws as will make-pure food the invariable rule as to every article that L produced in the United States. SHOULD BE AVENGED. la Th® Blood of Henry Norre Cries Out Clinton County. Clinton. la., Sept. I.—Some months ago, a most foul murder was committed in this locality, the victim being Henry Nurre. a well-to-do old farmer. The cause of the crime and its perpetrators have always been a mystery. Considerable interest is being revived in the matter of late. Although so foul a murder never has before been committed ic Clinton county no apparent effort hAs been made todiseover the author- of the crime. Dark hints implicating members of the family have been made but they are generally disregarded. Possibly the present public interest will inspire theofficers with a little more energy iii their investigation of the matter. Lost an Arm. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] STRANG Hurst, 111., Sept. I.—A little boy named Louis lianes, aaed thirteen, who with his brother, aged fifteen, slept near the railroad grade east of town I Ast Saturday night, is suppos**d to have crawled up to the track and unconsciously laid his arm over the rail when it was cut off by a passing train. Sunday morning Dr. Hopper, of Galesburg, assisted by Dr. Harter, of this place, am-puted the boy's ann a little above the elbow. The boy is doing quite well although he suffered a great loss of blood before assistance arrived. Smothered in Oats. [Special to the Hawk-Eye.] Grundy Ci nter, la., Sept. I.—The little tliree-year-old son of W. C. Wet-lanfer, living on Governor Boies farm was smothered to death Saturday morning in an oat bin. The boy in some way got in the bin while the elevator was moving and before help arrived was dead. g Confirmed. The favorable impression produced on the first appearance of the agreeable liquid fruit remedy. Syrup of Figs a few years ago has been more than confirmed by the pleasant experience of all who have used it, and the success of the proprietors and manufacturers the California Fig Syrup Company. Mi Taken to Minnesota. chou RI Valley, la., Sept. I.—Car roll Jones, who was arrested here a few days ago, was taken to Winona, Minnesota, by Sheriff Bradley of that ^Hy, where he i* wanted on the charge of forgery. _ A Fine Depot Burned. [Special to The Hawn-Eye.) Hedrick, la., Sept. I.—The fine Central depot here was destroyed yesterday by fire caused by a spark from a passing engine on the Milwaukee road. Loss $1,600. Beecham’s Pills cure Sick-Keadache. FROM OVER TRE SEA. im rn Several Persons Killed or Injured Wreck at Arrens. Paris, Sept. I.—A train was thrown from the track at Arrens to-day. Sev-j teen carriages were wrecked and several persons killed or injured. American Ordinands AeeentedTo. Constantinople,Sept. I.—The Armenian patriarch, after a conference with the sultan's secretary obtained aa trade assenting to a1 demands made by the patriarch, including the restoration of privileges of the Armenian church and improvement of the condition of the Armenians in Asia Minor. The Trades* t alon Congress. Liverpool Sept, I.—The Trades Union Congress opened here to-day will five hundred delegates present. Eighty Miners Suffocated. Vienna, Sept. I.—An explosion curred to-day in a mine at Borgsiav, Galicia. Eighty miners were snf “Nervous debility, poor memorr? The question here is the same question I fidence, sexual weakness, nimnlmi c that was involved in the oleomargarine I by Dr. Miles* Nervide. Samples fn case. It has been decided that we calli J. H. Witte’s drag store. Samples -- -...... . ......... .    '    a*!- ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Burlington Hawk Eye