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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - October 19, 1890, Burlington, Iowa KiHT pages. r»mpl*tei Catholic Census the World. of . uaeAti°n Formally Coinhered r VU Obscura Congregation* iii h« r»r North—Other Kellg-iou* Matter*, on?. in* to The Missions Catholic®, ___ 0f the propaganda at Rome, the United States 8.168,668 Catholics (total Roman Catholic ♦inn), with 7.6o7 priests. 7,072 I £$ chapels, 0.600 parochial Mavins 543.197 pupils, and 514 rittble institutions. The number of n /^*Mlic3 in Great Britain and In Ireland, 6.808,65)6; in JdY352.278, and in Scotland, 338,-Tbe most interesting of the more .mission fields of this church are ans those in the lately explored parts Aiea. The mission of Cimbebasia establish^1 in 1*879: tlie mission of 'french Congo was founded in 1886, I has 500 Roman Catholics and “no irs." In Independent or Belgian 0 established as a mission in 1888. | hare been 60 converts. For all of 1 that is dependent on the prepaid returns give 377,400 Roman 274 stations. 966 educational ■ions, 700 churches or chapels, 743 and 128 charitable institutions, jrimpaganda’s reports sh. av that there So of Roman Catholic; population Australia and Tasmania. 770.260; in lira. 164.120: in British America, ISI; in the Chinese empire, 549.246, ii the East Indies. 1,030.253. _jthirty-fifth annual convention of "German Catholic Central associa-i met in Baltimore April 17, and was in an address by Cardinal The school question received [most considerable share of attention, chial schools were defended in the I address of President Spannhorst, > asserted that they arc' necessary for I education of the heart, which is not eh provided for in any other school: [they teach nothing contrary to the I of the land: that by educating chil-i without the help of the state they 9it many thousands of dollars, and patriotism is taught in them as if not more, than in public ok "We have not asked the state,” ^speaker said, "for aid for our schools, lire do ask that the state shall not fere with them." A resolution was pted protesting, as free citizens of United States, against state laws tile to parochial schools. The assoin hs 41,070 members, and a fund 77,215; and it expended last year in fits to sick members, widows and as. etc.. §242.557. ‘statistical reports of the Reformed ch) church in America give it an I for the year over all losses of 7 hes and 2.066 members. The pres-\ numbers are: Of churches, 551; of stere. 560. and of members, 90,878, 1163,046children in Sunday schools, numbers of the year's additions by sions were 5,277. or about ten to idrarch, and there was an average rise of ten infant bapt isms to each th. The gifts of the churches for relent objects amounted to $280,661, I th? contributions for congregational I were $1.003.813. Bible Christians of England, an denomination of tile Methodist fly, have recently held their seventy-ad conference at Penzance. They liber, according to the statistical re-Ithat were presented, 25,217 mem-i. and employ M3 missionaries whose sot labor are at home, in the Aiwan colonies and New Zealand, and The mission work in China Ibegun five years ago. and is eon-with eight missionaries in coation with the China Inland misson. h? missionaries are settled on the an route through Bummil, along chon? cf the great railway systems |the future is probably destined to • their work promises to become one national significance. cording to Tho Lutheran Standard, ^fourths of the pastors, churches I communicant members of the Lu-! church in the United States are Eleven synods, with nearly )members, are German, and five <1? are Gennan-Englisli. The five wgian synods include 1,438 congress and 487 pastors. The Swedish ans have 582 congregations and &ots; the Danish, 166 congregations * pastors; the Icelandic, 20 congre-s and 6 pastors. The Finnish Lu-> have just organized a synod, fare Lithuanian congregations in at. Polish in Iowa and Michigan, * ln Iowa and Ohio. Magyar in ^ and Bohemian in Minne-Me Lutheran periodicals 51 "mari bi Norwegian, IG Swedish, Icelandic and 2 Finnish.—• invocate. 5 rfiaiitsjiving. 1,11 C.ithfulness hast Afflicted rn*.’' •• ■ii .lis dust thy sovereign voire h' aulckened love din:-WUU thine—th v wren-, ’ prais, nne: care and choice, is thine. PPBI ‘r’ l‘i!i)dli<yK! frai wiessitufs ie thy providence I trace, , riven, ere dawning sense ™ leek or scan thy-race. bi I j Br "lr    i0.v food's marveling hour, an'J faniTrigs strange; ,    - • ■ hen reason s awful ; >ow cr W>bou*bt a bolder range. tv, 5    'r‘(‘n'ri which to my door I AM .if - unh°P^l. Ila re come; a Guiltless store '^smilesat home ’'uS’t? ;,niory's fondest place In k ■ r; up-1 saw thy face “ ‘>64 austereness clad. P BOUW Bn, . Hm- J1 m,ss one Sigh or tear, or tbrobbing brow; Ands-Jtsohasrisement severe, ^ memory now. lev»f!*e fra?ranl scars abide, Aud tw,    ae 8PWW pierced    side “wa encompass'd head. lteniaer f0,Te Sfi11’ swerve or stray, AWti._nith the froward will p thy narrow way Dm. lure of    far’ far Pemove - flower or name; ^ faitlT; 'n f*ra’ts-    weakness love, m os world's Shame. —Cardinal Newman. THE -Camp- to a familiar tune ana sing it. ana in that singing of that hymn and tune you come into one common fellowship and when yon have taken your seats and I nae to speak I am not speaking to twelve °l Mtesnhrmtoed uttered and separated individuals, but I am speaking to one peat common congregation, with one heart and one life in it.-Lyman Abbott in Christian Union. SELECT EDGEVIS- To bear is to conquer our fate -bell. HI deeds are doubled with an evil word —Shakespeare. 'TisirnmortaUty-'tLs that alone Amid life's pains, abasements, emptiness. I ne soul can comfort, elevate and fill* That only, and that amply, this performs. rn ,    —Young. The last, beet fruit which comes to late perfection, even in the kindliest zone, is tenderness toward the hard forbearance toward the unforbearintr warmth of heart toward the cold, phi’ , lanthropy toward the misanthropic — Richter.    *    * i    ,    Be it mine One law to cherish and to track one line Straight on to heaven to press with single bent tem IOV0 Wy CTOd' aml th°n to die con* i —John Henry Newman. God created hope when listening to • repentance. Tile fairest flower in the I garden of creation is a young mind, offering and unfolding itself to the influence of divine wisdom, as the heliotrope tunis its sweet blossom to the sun. W H. Harrison. Hope, smiling, beckons, bidding us take courage- Faith points to heaven, where God and angels dwell,    * Assuring us that all our untried future Is known to him who "doeth all things well. —Anon. There sometimes wants only a stroke of fortune to discover numberless latent good or bad qualities, which would otherwise have been eternally concealed as words written with a certain liquor appear only when applied to the fire — Greville. Ignorant Editors. There is a difference of opinion as to how far Scriptural allusions and quotations are permissible in ordinary newspaper writing, although it is admitted that they often lend force to sn otherwise^ pointless paragraph. But they should, iii all cases, be correct, and even writers in high class newspapers often blunder. We recollect The Times, in criticising a picture representing "Susanna and the Elders,” referring to the wife of Joachim as the‘‘chaste maiden.” The St. James' Gazette had a paragraph dealing with the utterances of the National Liberal federation on the subject of disestablishment in which the writer remarked, "We fear that the swine are being invited to a diet of husks.” Now, the husks that the swine did eat were their ordinary food. It was the prodigal who loathed them.—Churchman. BURLINGTON, IOWA. SUNDAY MOR THE SECRET SOCIETIES. G, OCTOBER 19, 1890—E1GHT PAGES. Items of Interest From Lodge Room and Castle Hall. !7 iV**’000 *“'* *° be fin- tailed In the Spring of 1893. utf-iii-s.iln    8    Ila'lug charge of the Masonic Hsvh)l e|npIate(i Now York State submittal bv Mr    Vhe    r,l“ns taxi Ii i t (-0st Atween 8140,000 and $150,- Masons urn 16 8 ,h°me f°r "W* and infirm Masons and tor the widows and orphans of Cardinal Newman. “In the grave, whither thou goest," O weary champion of the cross, lie still; Sleep thou ai length the all embracing Bleep; Long was thy sowing day. rest now and reap. Thy fast was 1< -ng, feast now thy spirit's Ail. Yea, take thy fill of love, because thy will Chose love not in the shallows, but the deep: Thy tides were spring tides set against the neap Of calmer souls; thy flood rebuked their rill. Now night bas come to thee—please God, of rest: So some time must it come to every man: To fii-st and last, where many last are first. Now fixe ! anil finished thine eternal plan. Thy beat has done its best, thy worst its worst: Thy best its best, please God, thy best its best. —Christina G. Ro»setti in London Athenaeum. Peace to the virgin heart, the crystal brain! Peace for one hour through ail the camps of thought:' Our subtlest mind has rent the veil of pain, Has found the truth he sought. Who knows what page those new born eyes have read * If this set creed, or that, or none be best* Let no strife jar above this sacred head; Peace for a saint at rest! —Edmund Gosse. NEW TORK STATE M ASONIC ASYLUM members of the order The children are to receive thorough education and instruction in the various trades It is to be erected on a site of 168 acres just outside of i t n a, X. Y. i he building will have three wings, the frontage measuring 2(,R> feet aud the side lines through the wings about 125 feet. Each room will have at least one window and will open on a hall connecting with Hie main hall, thus making it possible to reach any room in the building without passing t brough anot her. The entrance, a •spacious vestibule, is to be at the head of a •small flight of stairs outside of the building proper. A partition divides the \*esti-bule from the main hall, from which cor rigors will run east and west. Similar corridors will run through the east and west wings, connecting with smaller halls leading to the lecture arui dining rooms. Iii the front part of the building to t he left of the main hall are to be the reception rooms, library, parlor anti reading rooms, and on the opposite side the superintend ent's offices, the trustees’ room and parlor. All of these rooms are to lie separated by sliding doors, which will allow the entire floor to lie made into one large room if necessary. Across the hall from the library are to be t he men’s parlor and smoking room. Iii the west wing are eight rooms, four of which are to lie occupied by the resident stall, while the others are to be utilized as class rooms At the rear of this wing there is to ta* an officers’ dining room, while at the rear of the main hall in the same wing a lecture room, capable of comfortably, seating 150 persons, is to lie ! situated In the second story are to lie rooms for the superintendent, matron and other members of the resident start’. At either end of the front of the building are to be the children’s dormitories. Each will hold twenty beds. The fourth story extends only o\-er the center of the main building, and is intended to lie used as an infirmary. It is divided into five spacious rooms, one of which is to be used as a hall for the recreation of the occupants of the floor. The style of the building is renaissance, and it is to be built of quarry faced stone and Philadelphia Croton pressed brick. the former for the basement and the latter for the upper stories. The trimmings are to be of Lake Superior redstone. It is expected that the work will be advanced enough in May next for the laying of the cornerstone and the building completed in the spring of 1892. Masonic hall, at Twenty-third street and Sixth avenue. New York city, was built with tilt* expectation that the profits from it would go toward establishing a fund for an asylum. The building cost about $2.-000,000, and up to live years ago there was a debt of $509,000, on which the trustees were paying 7 lier cent interest. Today it is free from debt, the site at Utica has been paid for, and the treasury shows a surplus of *200,000. of Pocahontas, of which there are 114, 11,902 members, also show an increase numerically and financially. The following great chiefs were elected to serve for two great suns: Greta taco-honee, Thomas K. nounally, of Pennsylvania; great senior sagamore, Thomas E. Peckinpaugh, of Ohio; great junior sagamore, Andrew H, Paton, of Massachusetts; great prophet, Thomas J. Francis, of New Jersey; great chief of records, Charles C. Conley, of Pennsylvania; great keeper of wampum, Joseph Pyle, of Delaware. Among the important business transacted was the conferring of the honor of past great iucohonee on the great chief of records, Charles C. Conley, aud the adoption of a diploma of membership of the order, a very beautiful design. The next meeting of the great council will he held at CleY-eland in corn moon. G. ,S. D., 300. Notes. The members of the order in .Massachusetts, by their zeal and interest taken iu conferring the various degrees, show that they are aesir oils of swing the order ad Vance. The next great sun council of the National Chieftains’ league will he held in Cleveland, O. Kansas is coming lo the front, A Chief tains’ league is soon to be instituted Y\ ichita. FAIR WOMEN’S CLUBS. The City of New York Possesses Several that Are Notable. Hor unit, th* Mother Club of All, aud It* Eminent Members—The Mew York Woman's Club—The Meridian Club—The Twinkle Club. A. O. U. W Some Interesting and Significant Figures on Membership—Notes. Missouri has the largest number of lodges of any jurisdiction; New York comes next, Illinois third. The Dumber of lodges in these respective jurisdictions at the close of the last fiscal year is shown by the report of the supreme recorder to be as follows: Missouri, 424: New York, 414; Illinois, 347. The following official figures show the number of lodges iu each jurisdiction, in addition to those mentioned above, according to their relative standing as to number of lodges at the close of the last fiscal year: Kansas, 250; Massachusetts, 230; California, 226;Pennsylvania,211;Nebraska, 164; Michigan, 156; Wisconsin, 124; Maryland, New Jersey and DelaYvare, 112; Minesota, 101; Oregon aud Washington, 91; Georgia, Alabama. South Carolina, North Carolina aud Florida, 88; Ohio, 84; Texas, 82; Indiana, 74; Nevada, 71; Iowa, 70; Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, 56; Dakota, 52. The above figures for Dakota are, of course, only for a few months, from the organization of that grand lodge in August , 1889, to t he close of the fiscal year. The greatest gain inthe number of lodges was made in New York during the last year, namely, thirty-seven. Ontario stands next to Illinois in the number of lodge.-;, there being 341 in Canadian territory up to the close of the last fiscal year. The relative gains for the last year of Missouri and Illinois gave Missouri only one lodge more than Illinois. Missouri's gain WILS uiue, Illinois' eight. Notes. Indiana only had two assessments for September, and the order is again booming. Oregon and Washington hat! three assessments for September. Massachusetts in July made a largergain than any other jurisdiction. The Twinkle club—doesn’t the name suggest sparkling conversation, full of epigrams and repartee aud bright stories? It means all that, aud much more that is equally enjoyable, according to the enthusiastic accounts of the little company of women who have banded themselves together under that name. It is the youngest and, if the aforesaid women are to be judged unbiased witnesses, the brightest and most enjoyable woman's club in the city of New York. Between its methods aud purposes and the methods and purposes of Sorosis—the oldest woman s club in the United States —there is a wide difference—a difference which ill nst nit es very vividly the change there has been in women’s clubs, and women, too. since Sorosis was formed, twenty-two years ago. Sorosis is, and hits always been, a club for mental improvement, and it is about as far removed from the masculine idea of a club as the average woman of the last generation was removed from the average man in her ideas, occupations, sympathies and ambitions. Sorosis has had its internal storms, three or four of them, each one of which has threatened to break the club into several small, bnt bright and happy, companies. But it has kept itself intact, and has come out of even- one of them stronger than before. During all last winter it had a long continued earthquake over the New Finds at Pompeii. At Pompeii some mural paintings of more than ordinary interest have recently been disclosed. In the Eighth Region, between Nos. IO and 21 of the Second Insula, via III and IV, the remarkable discovery has been made of a house five stories high. The upper floor, which is entered from the higher level formed by a mound of prehistoric lava, is profusely decorated, and the principal hall displays on one Avail the myth of Bellerophon, a nude figure, who, holding with one hand the bridle of bis horse, is in the act of receiving the letters and orders of King Priptns. who is seated on a throne before him. The lower part of the house, looking toward Stain® aud the sea, was used as a bathing establishment. Three steps led into the frigidarium, which is perfect. the lower part of the surrounding walls being painted blue and the upper red. Tile middle of the right wall is occupied by a picture representing a nymph, semi-nude, borne over the waves on a sea horse. The horizontal band di-viding the blue from tile red surface is a j kind of frieze of comic or caricature scenes, representing dwarfs or pigmies, in scenery evidently of the Nile country, fighting with various animals. One dwarf is in the act of throwing a large stone at an ibis, while another is trying to save by drawing to the land a figure (probably a woman) fallen into the river, when, seized himself by a crocodile, he has tied himself with a rope to another dwarf standing behind, who is striving with might and main to prevent his comrade from being drawn down into the water. —London Athen®um. I. O O. F. Green Hay Selected for tile Wisconsin Home—Various Notes. Green Bay bas been selected as the location of the Odd Fellows’ home of Wisconsin. Each city made a liberal offer. La Crosse offered fifty acres of land close to t he city; Eau Claire offered the old Thorpe residence, which is valued at *40,(XKI: Kil bourn City offered fifty acres of land on which was a building valued at *12,500, aud Jefferson offered the Northwestern Orphans home, which is valued at *27,(XX), for $6,500, and the two lodges pledged themselves to furnish $3,000 of that amount. The home will Reopened with at least fifty occupant s. The Odd Fellows’temple in Toledo, ()., is said to pay a yearly profit of *2.000 on the invest men! At a recent session of tilt* grand lodge al Alabama, held at Selma, t he grand secretary imported a net increase in membership since las. report ‘if 239, also ail increase of eleven subordinate lodg. s. The marriage of tx brother aud sister of Grace lodge. D. of It., at Germantown, O., recently took place in the hall of that. lodge and was largely attended by members and friends. Pn.-t C rand Master Fay, of Colorado, upon his recent departure for Europe received the decoration of chivalry from Canton Arapahoe, of Denver. The jewel was set with 116 diamonds. KNIGHTS OF HONOR in the Penusyl- GENERAL CHURCH NOTES. The Presbyterian Board of Home Missions baa in Alaska 6 missionaries and 25 missionary teachers, with 323 pupils in the schools. The Moravians established a mission in the territory rn 1885, had there, at the end oi missionaries sic* rn? theology or the creed thecaw T° questions the music of Ah; Was a Roman Cath-tftl] gtrifj5 J8 a^,0Ve att creeds and the ti cause it is the lan-PP^r realm, where hearts to ‘ should not want to in,!. 0n. Sunday mornings *^et*t{»AUUS*C Precede. You from various avoca-r°m their households, I fly. r?m their offices, chil I ttouiT^?0^8’ and there is n< to W_x*®8ation when you first the choir sings A®**! yon sing sotne-before the sermon, IsmilikX hymn and had there, at toe ^ 2 stations and 9 missionaries.    I he American Baptist Home Missmn Society had there in 1889 2 missionaries *ho had visited religiously 200 families. The Woman's Board of Missions of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, is assured a gift of grounds and ^OW as soon as*35,000 more are the estate of Dr. Nathan Scamtt, for the establishment of a training school for foreign missionaries and ottor Christian workers. Steps ha taken to secure the incorporation of the school, which will be et Ka^C* Mo.. and *13.000 has been secured toward the amount which the society is req are rn Colorado of school age. of w nom - .    .    . rotted in all the Sunday schools of tM state; 5,193 in the Congregational Sun day schools, of which tuere a^ fi . There are 1.000 enrolled in the Ck) gre gatiqnal mission schools. _ The question ha^ been sysufr to Y°u w,n fin.d Condition of the Order vault* Jurisdiction—Note*. Grand Dictator Robinson, of Pennsylvania, writes to The Reporter: "Our semi-annual reports show a gain of 52 for term end jag June 30. For each term for half a dozen years we have had a loss—losing in 1S89 182; 1888. 106; 1887, 203. and 1885, 410 members—so we think the tide has turned in good earnest, and that Pennsylvania, with the zeal we propose putting rn the work, and the valuable assistance of The Reporter, will now forf " up with her sister states, A writer in The G. C. Journal seems to be exercised because the Knights of Honor since its existence has paid $1,000,000 to the beneficiaries of suicides. We presume, comments The Reporter, if the Knights of Honor was composed of thc^ better class they would prefer to see the families of suicides go hungry rather than pay them the benefit. We are glad we are not in the "better class.” Bro F H. C. Krueger has been elected grand dictator of Colorado and^epr^enta tive to the supreme lodge. He has been an Mth" member of th. Utter body for tev- eral year*.  ________ IMPROVED ORDER OF RED MEN. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. The Late Past Grand Chancellor of Kansas, D. J. Holland—Various Items. When, a few weeks ago, Bro. D. J. Holland died in Brooklyn, X. Y.. the order lost«one of its best and brightest workers. He was past grand chancellor of Kansas, past representative aud a member of the board of control of the endowment rank. His death was not unexpected. He had been ill for two years, aud was taken to Brooklyn Aug. 20 for' treatment. He was 38 years old, and ^as known as one of the best surgeons in the west. He leaves a widow and two children. His remains were taken to Atchison for burial. The increase of membership in Illinois last year was 2,060. The next session of the supreme lodge will lie held in Kansas City, Mo., the fourth Tuesday in August, 1892. Kansas City lins thirteen lodges—about 1,700 members in good .standing. Zanesville, ()., is culled a Pythian hotbed on account of the growth of the order there. Sixty divisions of the uniform rank have been instituted since April I. December, 1889, the Indiana Odd Fellows had a total membership of 32,689, a gain for the year ending Deceinlier, 1889, of 1,673. The Knights of Pythias or Indiana at the same date had a membership of 17,897, a gain for the year of 3,240. Kuights of the Golden L»^l«. Xiueteen castles have been instituted in Pennsylvania this year, making a total of 835 castles in the state, with a membership of nearly 36,000. At the recent session of the grand castle of Missouri the following officers were elected: Grand chief, Dr. J. T. Craig; grand vice chief, D. M. Symons; grand high priest, Rev. Fred Getty; grand master of records, Rev. H. A. Campbell; grand keeper of exchequer, F. VV. Seers; grand sir herald, Carl Haefner; grand trustee, Henry A. Young. Every question that was brought before the body from the opening to the close of the session received a unanimous vote, thus giving the grand castle the proud record of having held one of the most harmonious meetings ever held in the state.____ Order of the Iron Hall. On call 142, due Oct. I, there has been paid up to date 42,714 claims. The total paid in sick and final claims is $4,181,115. The average health throughout the en tire oi*der at present is very good. Philadelphia has twenty-four sisterhood branches in good standing. Four of them haY*e a memliership of nearly 200 each. Since the institution of the order in In dianapolis in March, 1881, there have lieen 1,250 branches organized in over thirty states and territories. Philadelphia leads in the number of branches and membership. There are sixty branches in good standing. Two of them have over 400 mem liers each.__ American Legion of Houor. The financial statement of the supreme officers for June 30 makes a good showing, as follows: Resources guaranty fund, $355,-095.79; emergency fund, $111,OtX); total invested assets, $466,005.79. Total payments to July 1, 1890, $16,706,170.21. California received for 1889 in payment of death losses $127,000, and for the first half of this year $108,500. Jacob Roberts, M. D., a past supreme commander, died at his borne in Philadelphia July 22, 1890. The Recent Session of the Great Council of the Hutted Stntes-Xotes. The largest session of the great council of the United States ever held since its rn recently held rn the corporally    ^    chjefs    were    an ‘sentatives from thirty-six reservations. Great Incolionee Thom- that they produce * but effect, are’more eortaln Hi their end that tho* not only PM"V. bowels. agists cleanse the liver per box by^ Fame ta alacrious Ithing to •mall salary ta note negouawe. but a city of Boston present, and representatives -5—~ Great Incc.. New Jersey; Great Chiel of RecontiChari*® C. Conley, of vandal Great Keeper of Wampum Joseph Pvle of Delaware, presented their anmia Swrtl which show a steady increase in S wmk, membership and finances of the ordeT The present membership is 97,IM, j i irs tribes There was an increase and 1,078; trli    ^    8Un ending Warm SS. tW,of KS tribes snd Wg1”™! T»ie tribal receipts were *92a,731.80, S Jw o7 members, «ZS>,0«> 04;    “ E^bwre aud orphans, #9,855.71; PM* <°T widows    aaA jut* tribal ^invest* funeral benefits, ments, $803,813.01; in tribal belts, ***. amoL Stoa report Golden Shore. The posts from Ohio show a gain of three or four lodges in that stat$, with a very good prospect of having a memliership there of between 300 and 400. Assessment 5 has been paid promptly by ail the lodges of the order, and the receipts have been larger on assessment 5 for August than for any month in the history of the order, showing conclusively that the membership of the order is increasing in all the lodges. Beneficial Order of Equity. The surplus in the benefit fund July above withdrawal values, was $11,083.2L Modern Woodmen of America. The Order of Modern Woodmen of Amer ica will organize lodges in California. Gratifying to All. The high position attained and the universal acceptance and approval of the pleasant liquid fruit remedy Syrup of Figs, as tike most excellent laxative known, illustrate the value of the qualities on which its success is based and are abundantly gratifying to tile California Fig Syrup company._ New fall bonnets ate beautiful mod the question of whether or not it shall have a club house, and start out at this late day to be a club after the masculine ideathei'eof. Borne of the mein liers have been strongly in favor of leasing a large and expensive house, fitting it up into reception rooms, bedrooms, libraries and a restaurant, and starting out at drib housekeeping in the most approved style. But the idea has been bitterly opposed by some of the most influential members because they think the club is not yet ready financially to take so important a step. However, those in favor of a house won. and by and by Sorosis will probably maintain with matronly dignity an establishment of as much consequence as the Union League or the Lotos. Among the best known members of Sorosis, who are seen at its monthly luncheons and discussions at Delmonico's or at its annual dinner, at which men of national reputation enjoy the club s hospitality and join in brilliant after dinner speeches, are Mrs. Ella Dietz Clymer, the president; Mrs. M. Louise Thomas, Mrs. "Marion Harland” Terhune, Olive Thorn Miller, Mary Kyle Dallas, Mrs. Eliza Archard Conner. Rev. Phoebe Hanaford, Dr. Jennie Lozier, Mrs. "Jenny June” Croly, Mrs. "Grace Greenwood” Lippincott. The Working Girls' club is probably the largest and most influential woman's club in New York. In the parent club, and in the several branches that have been organized in different parts of New York and adjacent cities, there must be a membership, all told, approaching a thousand. Miss Grace Dodge is the chief Officer cf the parent club, the originator of the idea aud the constant and zealous watcher of all its interests. She' is loved and revered by all the members as seldom falls to the lot of any woman. The parent organization has a club house of its own, and the several branches have clubrooms that are not only cozy and cheerful, but are useful in many practical ways. The Meridian club would have been more appropriately, if less elegantly, named had its founders called it the "Mum” club, for its members never tell anything that happens at its meetings. Aud a year ago last winter it even declined Sorosis’ invitation to the convention of women's clubs because reporters were to be admitted. Its membership is limited to thirty, ami these are elected in the alphabetical order of their names. There is no permanent president, but at each meeting a temporary chairman is chosen, the members taking service in alphabetical order. The club meets at the houses of its members, and its aim is supposed to lie social enjoyment, with intellectual development and a dash of philanthropy thrown in. Each member can invite guests as many and as often as she likes, provided each one will make a solemn promise before she enters its doors never, never to tell what she is about to see aud hear. The Society for Political Study is a very serious and hardworking club. During the winter season it spends one afternoon a week discussing such questions as taxation, the tariff, state aid to education, wages, the relations between labor and capital, aud similarly weighty subjects. Mrs. T. B. Wakeman is president, and Dr. Louise Fiske Bryson is one of its active members. Moncure D. Conway once lectured before the crab, and has nothing bnt words of high praise and admiration for its work and the ability of its members. The Woman's Art club is not yet two years old, but is already active and vigorous. It was formed writh the intention of making it primarily of professional usefulness, and the success it has already attained is proof that artistic talent may exist along with practical capacities. No amateurs are admitted—only professional artists who have had pictures in public exhibitions. At first its only intention was to meet at the studios of the members and discuss and criticise one another’s work. But with organization and a beginning the plan broadened, and they saw before them the possibility of important and very helpful work. As a result they held their first exhibition of paintings last March. It was a very quiet and private affair, but one that was surprising, to all who had the good fortune to receive invitations, in the excellence of the work shown. The number of members is limited to forty, at present, of whom about thirty have been admitted. Its rultA are few, its financial demands small and its methods cautious, conservative and quiet. Among its members are Miss Grace Fitz Randolph, president ; Miss Dora Wheeler, Miss Ellen Day Hale, Miss Maria J. C. a’Becket, Miss Frances Hunt Throop, Mias E. S. Cheever and Mrs. Rhoda Holmes Nichols. The clubs that were organized last winter are very different from any that had previously come into life. They are more like men’s clubs in both purposes and methods, and they seem to show that women have taken a long step in the evolution of the club idea. First came the Woman’s Press club, which, after fluttering undecidedly for some time over the brink of intellectual development and feminine teas. at last came to the conclusion that it didn’t want to be developed, and would have none of recitations Mid readings, aet papers and formal discussions. It settled down to bosiiiees, andia principally ’to*. lilife- Jltalnf the professional interests of its members. It has a social meeting once a month, which gives its members opportunity to make one another's acquaintance and at which it entertains guests. It proposes, as early in the future as its finances will permit, to have a permanent home in club rooms, cheerfully furnished and centrally located. At present it meets in the office rooms of one of its members. So it will be seen that the Woman’s Press club is as nearly as possible the feminine counterpart of men's press club organizations. Next after this came the Ladies’ New York club, which is organized after the very same pattern as men's clubs nsnally are. It has,a club house, with bedrooms, reception and reading rooms, and a restaurant. This latter particular was added after the most doleful prophesies of failure by all the club men who had friends among the members. The club would simply sink a lot of money in it aud handicap itself at the start. It wits a common thing for restaurants in men's club houses to fail, and for a restaurant in a woman's club house to succeed—the idea was prej>o.sterons! Bnt the restaurant paid its own way from the start, and in three months was making a profit. The club intends to have occasional exhibitions of needlework, jewels and interesting relics. Telegrams, letters and parcels are received and cared for, and in all respects this club aims to furnish its members with the same conveniences to be had by the members of the average men's club. It was organized last November, and its membership is already very large. The Women's University club corresponds in purpose aud scope with the Men's University club so closely that almost the only difference is to be found in its occasional afternoon teas It has handsome club rooms in the Barnard college building on Madison avenue, in which is to be found every temptation for loitering away an idle hour or two, for reading or meeting friends. The club is purely social, and proposes to let the rest of the world "gang its ain gait” just as it pleases. The Twinkle club is very young, very lively and very enthusiastic. It is formed closely after t he plan of the Twilight club, except that it is small and wishes to remain so, and has even fewer formalities than that famously informal organization. It is an eating and a talking club only, with a membership limited, for the present at least, to the eight women who started it. They meet once a month at a quiet restaurant, dine and talk for three, four or five hours. Each one pays for her own plate, and then they go away and tantalize all their friends by telling them what a good time they have had. It has no dues, no rales, no constitution, no officers, no red tape of any kind. The members, who are allowed to bring guests to some of the meetings, gather around the table, tell their best stories, swap their best jokes, exchange their best thoughts, have animated discussions over all sorts of questions and say many bright things. The membership is mainly of professional women, and includes two or three gray haired and matronly ladies, who enter into its spirit with quite as much zest as any of the younger women. The members of the Twinkle club consider it not only the last but the highest evolution of the woman's club idea in New York. WOMAN'S WORLD IN PARAGRAPHS. A Picturesque Italian Woman and lier American Cirl Critic*. [Copyright by American Press Association i The other morning an Italian woman came into a car of a New York elevated train. She was rather short ic stature, deep of chest and shoulder and strong of arm. When she walked it was with a long, firm step that gave you an impression of magnificent physical strength and endurance. Her hair was combed smoothly from her brown forehead aud wound in heavy, splendid purple-black braids around her head. She was bare headed. What head covering needed ha, either for use or beauty? She wore long gold ear pendants, and was dressed in white lawn, pink flecked. Her gown, her white apron, the handkerchief tucked into her belt were all immaculately clean. Her eyes were black and full of fun. and she looked straight before her. The woman might have posed in a painting, so pleasant and picturesque was she to look upon. Seeing lier you somehow thought of the olive orchards and mulberry groves of Italy, of the Mediterranean green and violet shimmering iii the sun. But mark you! So near thi> wholesome, picturesque creature that she could have heard them if she had understood sat two American girls, and "made fun*’ of her, audibly and pointedly. They nndged one another and giggled, and commented on the Italian woman to a young man with them. The girls were skinny creatures, with horribly fitting false teeth, with cheap shoes that had tremendously high heels, pointed toes and part of the buttons split off. They had their waists pinched till they looked like wasps, and they were bedizened with finery warranted not to wash or wear. The structures upon their heads were covered with false flowers to a great height, and the little knobs of ding}* hair upon both their head* would not have made one of the Italian woman's splendid purple-black braids. Their chests were narrow and hollow, their arms like broomsticks. They were the clear type of the common, ignorant, shallow, narrow minded American girl. Yet they sa; there and looked down from infinite heights of self satisfaction upon the spotlessly clean Italian woman, pictnresqre, powerful, useful. The Lord have mercy on them! It was in 1830 that Harriet Martinean was in America and wrote home that there were only seven occupations open to women in America. Now there are IOO and more. There is no sadder sight than to see a talented, lively, independent girl get good and tame and conventional as she grows older. A leading dry goo*!? merchant of Kokomo, Intl., is Miss "Minnie” Traeblood. Why "Minnie?” Cheekier says that nearly all women turn their toes inward when they walk. Do they? Eliza Archard Conner. How to Tell Soar Milk. Sour milk is one of the commonest causes of indigestion and diarrhea in artificially nourished children. Of course no mother would give her baby milk which has "begun to turn” did she know it, but the trouble is when milk is only slightly sour, and yet enough so to upset a baby’s digestion, the fault is not distinguishable by taste or smell unless the same tie marvelously acute. Mothers should provide them selves with a sheet of blue litmus paper, which is cheap and can be obtained of any druggist. This should tie cut up into short and narrow strips. When one of these is dipped into an acid fluid the blue color changes to a pink. Doubt* as to whether baby’s milk is sour or not can easily be set at rest by this means.—Boston Herald. THE TEN BLOCK SYSTEM. It Adds a New Charm to Life in the Country. A Bill Pending in Congress Mail in the Country—Road-Making Machinery—How to Build and Maintain Macadamised Roads. The bill to extend free mail delivery to cities having a population of 5,000 or yielding a gross revenue to the postoffice of >5,000, passed the senate; it has still to pass the house. It is in the line of constant movement in which this country is advancing toward the same system of mail delivery that prevails in England, in that country every man's mail is carried to him, whether he lives in town or country: the free delivery system is universal. We shall come to that point before many years, for thor** is a constant pressure for better mail facilities and congress is yielding to it little by little. Postmaster General Wanamaker is heartily in favor of increasing the area of free distribution as much as possible, and it is quite probable that, under his influence, the biii in question will become a iaw at the next session. It is in direct line with the plan advocated by The Hayvk-Ete and preparatory to which the numbering of country residences is important. The Ammelin Garden, in discussing "A New Charm for Country Life.'’ says: "God made the country.” Men will some day learn the truth of this aphor ism. They will learn also t-o comb* •* with it the thought that broad fields, sunshine, the rains and the dews, are ii; r.o way incompatible with a high !if an* social culture. So we regard every movement looking in this direction as an ev -aition iii civilization. The latest pre ., sition for the socializing of the con i -■ comes from California, and it is km * as the "ten-block system" of numbe> land and houses. "The system L-divide each mile along the roads into ten equal parts, or imaginary blocks, of 52* feet, 176 yards, or eight chains ea<*h, and assign to each block two numbers, one on each side of the road. Any and every house located within a block is given the number of the block. The first one—and in nearly every case it will be the only in the block—has simply the number; the second one has the same number, followed by the letter A; the third by the letter B; the fourth by the letter C, and soon—Nos. 196, 196A, 196B, 196C, etc. If there is no house in the block, the number is assigned to it just the same, aud it remains in readiness should a house be built at a future time. The Lither details of the svs'em are few. but we cannot present them here. This is the tim practicable attempt yet made, so far as we are aware, to know and record the inhabitants of the country. The movement is spreading in the Golden State, and it ought to spread in every township in the land. The advantages it present are numerous and important. The traveler could easily compute distances and acquire directions. The numbers on the gateposts or over lite doors would be mile-ston**s. Country directories could be published. But above ail. it would quicken communication and intercourse in the country. It would be a powerful civilizer. To make th;s feasible, a system of naming county roads mu-t be inaugurated, and ibis. too. our California friends are perfecting. In Contra Costa county, lying against San Francisco, are such charming bits as tin* following: Contra Costa Highway, running through the county and striking the county seat: Rio Vista. Mountain Drive. Willow Pass Road, Golden Gate Way, Lime Ridge Crossing, Stanley Road, and the like. We know of nothing so good as this since the i*fforts of d« ar old Jacob Biglow in naming th** waik> and drives of Mt. Auburn. All this could add much charm to the country, for it would personify nature, commemorate events, and localize >euti-ments. The ten bloek system idea originated with A. Ti. Bancroft, of San Francisco, who has large orchards in Contra Costa county. He wondered why the country in the>e respects could not pattern after the city. Now we are wondering why we had not thought of it ourselves—but this is always the way with good thougluts! ROAD MAKING MACHINERY. DO, 4 IL It I* IXG*. I* to J* T -lufI. ! b* r* • r    . U in ha: the stir; is smote horse is Wb' r* than oil. jeer r ne ai a t’ in W1 els ti'    1    .    :•    ’ hereafter) ’    1 crusher ve '• plant t oi "i—i*i In ad • ii steam ro I i ’V : sary Of c<" • if necessary •. a r #> I suits are never so goo ence in endurance of a roc a heavy steam roller ov with the comparative drawn by horse po enough to pay the fi of running the e ii y*mn /tit over again. 'The first co* ing from t*--$3,500 to roller em* and hi p v than * fuel ai '    • the u c» T <*H / Oi - roll et' if go A' : o--' et .rn UMH ¥ and Is Very AMM to Mathers. Mn. Window** Soothing Syrup should alite need for children teething, (t soothes waysbern the attid, I blit bitt lf \ » «*e«*;iry. Many a comm unity has been scared out of improving its roads by the bugbear of "expensive machinery.'’ This is woolly a bngliear. for road making machinery is not expensive. It is far less costly than are poor roads. It may lie interesting to describe the outfit which would be required, give its cost and estimate the expense of running it If a town derides that its roads should be macadamized the first requisite is crushed stone. Tile old method of breaking stone by hand is very expensive and has been generally abandoned in these days of improved and cheap machinery, so a stone crusher is essential. Ou a country road the total width of which may be too great to cover entirely with broken stone there should be at leasts a macadamized width running through its center of fifteen or eighteen feet, and this roadway should be made with not less a depth of consolidated and screeneu broken stone than nine inches. A cubic yard of broken stone will in such case cover an area of about three anda half square yards, and the material named, with a small quantity of goqd clean sand or fine gravel tor binding material, will be all that is necessary, except intelligent labor and intelligent supervision to complete the w ork. It is hardly necessary to say that neither the work nor the nujiervisiou can become intelligent or satisfactory without the aid of the proper machinery for carrying out the construction of the road. A stone crasher costing $1,200 with engine. will break 75 to IOO tons lier day. The engine will consume about half a ton of coal daily, costing probably $2. Besides this an engineer will be required at a daily wage of about $2.50, and two laborers will be necessary to feed the crasher. Their wages will average $1.75 a day. This makes the daily cost of nuraing the stone crusher, with other incidental expenses, about $10. It is impossible to estimate the cost of getting the unbroken stone to the crasher and the broken stone back to the road again, for that depends entirely upon the distance which has to be traversed in cartage and the condition of the ground over which the loads are hauled. This is a ma tter where a grain or two of common se ase in the placing of the crusher, etc., w ill have a decided effect on the expense. If the loads have to be hauled a considerable distance to or from the crasher, or if heavy grades have to be dimed or rough ground traversed, the time occupied in hauling each load wttl be increased and less c»» Ne hauled in a ev wr sa; less open* t i • cost br.; ’i’ If one est' the roads or rive of rn::-more than the sum to er and dri’ decreased and one r . the work * takes it-' rr district pa;, pense. • • chines ;< reasons b:«-its own become r- \ I f yr Ea~> Abo I bf*.vp b rims in foil* .jnsv.i-r- an text Ixiok, to t he aver. Than a alan **f e x I liana I " i bring ou ll,** The reader . have !x*An pla\e«i the not familiar Kilt lit!' lead origin. whet: I ha to lead ll through I. . Answer ’ partner for' play an ’n-t he w Ie your r Ait *, ; von hive i" the:* s i anne .    .. wis* .    ' ha . 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