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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - October 5, 1890, Burlington, Iowa PICHT PAGES BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE. PAGES I TOU ESTABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.) SPT u-nijersary of the Landing of the '* first German Pilgrims. lr,stories and His Little .Band of lr persecuted Followers ■•enFrom Their Homes Upon the Storied Rhine of the Fathe-land. .«tBeliefFrom Tyranny and Op-pression in America. |T.fV Make Their First Settlement “j. Germantown, Pennsylvania. I    ,• the First Emigrants to tho ^ Colony of New York. lu-erSettlements in the Other Col-" onies—Their Hardships. 030d to Sickness and tho Mur- ' Ureas Attacks of Savages. Morrows Celebration in Honor of the First Pilgrims. i^e parade, the Lino of March— The Fireworks Display. 1800.—EIGHT RAGES. (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WEEK. oy Caro-along the anti Roanoke 11 r 'i-im 'f S", Papered. In ti,,. a l c f J * one, hundred and (iftv fa.ni- P. l'nn h    "*    '''‘“•Ired    ami lift, alatniatiN driven from t\„,j,. bomos by persooutioii, were transported under the leadership of Count CrafTonreidt. TI, penetrated the interior of North I ilia and made settlements head waters of iii,. Neu-rivers, with the count a. governor. [hey were just beginning to reap Hie fruits of their industry and toil when on the night of October 2, ITH, the settlements were raided by the Tuscaroras a bloodthirsty tribe of Indians, and one hundred mid thirty of tho (Ioniums wore massacred. At tile time the Palatines left for North Carolina a small band of persecuted German Lutherans, led by out the town of Lunenburg isis had a continual light The colon-for existence with the warlike savages- existence sui tiers wert, killed jpfd ' -    ^    °'    th* not prosper until over the Indians TI cd,ration of German Day in the u u,|,er is rapidly assuming the f'Vef a fixed annual festival; each vidin* vear ' ,he preparations for jiade upon a more elabor-a wider ami more general thereiii not alone by citi-,niian nativity or lineage, but .■ans of all lines of ancestry. im* lutenist and participation in the Aration by oi . celebration i seal* crest ta I. oil w nf (I g - U iarst' aal t lur J i ■ a aim nit* l>! »at non (Hit [bit slow ll: I tar d'-a L a I Biti:. ' - 0. IP lh na', his animal lest celebrated t the time when lions, pious lit the I’ai alin at driven ana .. f, I sell. ted t w ens not of German • a refutation of tin* me ignorant people c and un-American cili ens of this free land vc festival 111 honor of nullity. But such people own ignorance of what • charge is utterly de-,int* understands the true Lent of ihi- now popular tg, in fact, could be inure American than this. for. festival is commemorated t the Fatherland, ear to their hearts, it* liberty-loving, in-nans of the Rhine :. oppressed, perse-from their homes, new land beyond •an citizens, pene-!S, endured hard- e iii the me A mer "denies; imber, braved the mur-•ibes. and by tlieir thrift, teliigence helped to lay broad aud deep, of our .wed and. Surely none th a fest val held toeom-events as these! Then Day    be    celebrated all parades aud    pageants, ■lid shindig ami decorations and miaou country bren in mak-atest festivals stry and in It vani.nioiis ent well-bel Did fault vv lyrate such German tan ore the ar th Ha., in** : with our G> Ii i '!;>■ v.iv the calendar i Germany lay year' from :t> of tim L The teruiinat brine peace to t ii ne and the I'a int ilia: >.y to the Protestar jetted to ail sorts of rru the new world sr and rapine stalk ct their religions en up and they wer I worship Rod accordin heir own conscience ibid the baht break ds of darkness and settlements in take root and pre refilled with new h their home'in the atry and Hocked in t na world aero" the gilt with them tLt* iov* I of rural life, and gave ■heir labors, their encrgh* >and their live.' to the in new nation formed late for more than .'ting, withering •‘Thirty Years of the war did people of the ■s. Holding tena-faith they were lersecution; mur-through tlieir meetings were • not permitted g to the dictates At last they leu’ through the adversity when per and pe, the < i beautiful lousands he '»*a'. love of began their ‘mans Rhine to the They liberty generously their abil-Iding up of the I sib the •“mierau rd parts of Dr '■ acquainted .1 influence oi the beginning to America. In install tan lands, h I seels wii ids heavy aders he ennsylvauia ouies and tenet; in ih<> new world, J result of these tot apparent until dc,. when tinder Francis Daniel ■L band, members < , Society of Friend' “ip “America” for the ■ lh;'tor .' was born «in Franconia. ( ■‘'Ai. lh* was : ‘diversities, receiv \Vi of 167 i .ermany, urope, and In* leader: ch were nam Ger-•7 he belie -i of •ub- jiei secutiou. lid of his and offered freedom of negotiations five years the leader-Rastorius, f the Ger-set sail in western conal Sommer-•rrnany. Septem-glily educated in ii the degree of Ti; , Pl,, lorn ■P was , (I ‘sen. located iaH out, on 12th of .Lere were inn, tfiwa | the colony did the French int!ueuee .,    was    removed. Other German settlements in western Pennsylvania wore exposed to all the terrors of Im an massacres. Hundreds fell victims .r?.?!    ’    lord}08 and hatchets of the * n . IH f VaR,V a,on« th” Blue mountain and along Susquehanna. This was between 1754 and 1703. tier rn *vBerman settlers in New York have been preserved, also a list of the tools with which they were provided and they make interesting lead mg. I he company was led by Rev. •Joshua K ocher thai, before referred to. IN DI’ STK V AND THI’ Allis Rev. Joshua Kocherthai. embarked for New York where they arrived in December I Dis. They settled on the Hudson, on a gram of land made by the crown. In I! IO four thousand Germans came in a fleet of ten ships. They landed in New York in June after a tedious voyage of */.»'mouths. On the passage and soon after landing one thousand and seven hundred died. Of the survivors some remained in New York aud others were sent one hundred miles up tie* Hudson. Those on the Hudson were under indenture to the English to manufacture tar aud raise hemp to pay the expenses of their transportation. The Germans, being unjustly treated, became dissutis-liedwith their condition and in lily one hundred and titty families started in the dead of winter, the ground covered three feet deep with snow, for the Schoharie valley, sixty miles farther north. Their way lay through an unbroken forest and they were three weeks making the journey. In the valley they settled upon land granted by Queen Anne. They were not left long undisturbed for after ten years of hard labor during which time they had established comfortable homes, they were dispossessed of their lands owing to a defect in their title. In 172A many removed to Pennsylvania where their brethren had been well treated and had prospered. Others pressed on to the Mohawk cairny where they sought and found homes. Some Germans who were sent over in 170 * by Queen Anne to settle iii Virginia founded the settlement of Gcrmanna but the locality was not favorable and the settlers moved further up the Rappa-hannoi k where they prospered. Shenandoah and Rockingham counties in Virginia were mettled by Germans from Pennsylvania. A- early as 1710-1717 German emigrants set’ led ii Maryland in the mountain region where F'redi-rU-k — town was afterward laid off. The settlement was made in Dutchess county, New Y’ork, in 1700. With the preacher, aged thirty-nine, were his wife Sibylla t'harlotia. his children. Rinigna Sibylla, (..'brist Joshua and Susanna Sibylla. Kocherthai was furnished with one barrel of lime i lire gouge*, two chisels. square, one rule Loren ts Sc Ii w User. vim1 dresser, was wife and a daughter grindstone, one gimlet, two augers plane. Heinrich one grind-stone, one and one compass. a husbandman and accompanied by his ; they were given one square, one little and one smoothing Ken nan, a stocking weaver, farmer and vine dresser, had with him his wife ami two children and two of hi' w ife’s sisters: they were supplied with one cross-cut saw, one mitre block, one adze. two augers, one gimlet. Andreas Volck, aged thirty, with his wife anti three children, receiv ’ ;t' a husbandman, being unmarried received Tilt no tools. Peter Kalin, a swedish natural philosopher and traveler thus described, 1747-s, the treatment which the German colonists in New York received at the hands of the authorities; ‘‘Though the Province of New York has been inhabited bv Europeans much longer than Pennsylvania, yet is not by far so populous as that colony. This cannot he ascribed to any particular dis-* ouragement arising from the nature of the soil, for that is pretty good, but, I ain told of a very different reason, which I will mention here.Q In the reign of Queen Anne, about the year I DIP, many Germans came hither, who got land from the English government. winch they might settle. After they had lived there some time, aud had built houses.and made corn lichis and meadows, their liberties aud privileges were in-fringed and, under several pretences, they were repeatedly deprived of parts of their land. This at last arousd the German'. I hey returned violence for vio-lence, and beat those who thus robbed (hem ot their possessions. Hut these proceedings were looked upon in a very bad light by the government. The most active people among the Germans being taken up. they were roughly treated, and punished with the utmost rigor of the law. I iii*, however, so far exasperated the rest, that the greater part of them left their homes and fields, and went to settle in Pennsylvania. There they were exceedingly well received, got a considerable tract of land and wen indulged in many privileges which were given them forever. The Germans, not satislied with being themselves removed from New York, wrote to their relatives and friends and advised them if they ever intended to come to America, not to go to New Y’ork. where the government had shown iise f so inequitable. This advice had such influence that tin* German' who afterwards went in great numbers to Nort h Amerh a constantly avoided New Y’ork and always went to Pennsylvania. It sometimes happened that they were forced to go on hoard of such 'hips as were bound for New York but they were scarce got on shore, when they hastened on to Pennsylvania, in sight of all the inhabitants of N* vv Y’ork.” The German colonists were principally farmers. They were more self. reliant than any other nationality. They labored uncomplainingly with few implements more than their brawny arms to level the mighty forests and make tin* ground 'uitahle for agri- i culture * With mattock, axe and maul | they rooted up the grounds, removed saplings, felled tin* majestic oaks, laid low the towering hickory; prostrated where they grew, the walnut, poplar, chestnut—cleaved such as suited their purpose into rails lor fences persevered untiringly until the forest was changed into an The Executive, Cumin it tee, tile Speakers, and the City Council iii Carriages. German Children. Float—"A German Christ mas Tree.” SEI OM* DIVISION. Marshal, Tins). Waul. Second Regiment Hand of Monmouth. Burlington Fire Department. German Veterans. Singers of Burlington and West Burlington. Benevolent and Church Societies. Til I ll I) DIVISION. Marshal, Gee. Hornung. Boat Club Band. Float—Ship with German Immigrants. Pioneers with Grub Axes. Float—“Turners.” Ottumwa and Burlington Turners. Delegations from Iowa and Illinois. Representation — “Wandering Journeymen and the Gen d’Arme. FOCHT!! DIVISION. Marshal, ll. Matins. I The Santa Fe Band. t'iti/en^ot Ft. Madison and Green Bay. Citizens of Lee Count v. Odd Felloes, Druids, United Workmen and Other Lodges. FIFTH DIVISION. Marshal, James Moyer. IiquawVa and West Burlington Bands. Repress*‘blotion “The Seven Schwabeus. ^Thc s< Ii wa ben Society. Citizens oi West Burlington and others. The Butchers’ Wagon. Burlington Butchers’ Society. Mounted. Industrial Floats aud Other Tableaux. SIXTH division. Marshal, G**o. Unterkireher. Orchard City Brass Band. Floats and Representations of industries in which Germans are Employed. Farmers, Mounted and in Wagons. Citizens in Carriages. The formation of the different divisions will he as follows; First division on Main between Washington and Columbia streets. School children on Washington west of Main. Second division on Columbia west of Main. Third division on Third north of Columbia. Fourth division on Main between Columbia and Court, extending west on Court lo Third. Fifth on Main north of Court. Sixth on Court street east of Main extending ou Front. The Dx principal (louts w ill meet on Columbia street. ea,-t of Main aud from thence will take tlieir positions iii the procession according to tin* program: Moving from the point of formation, the procession will proceed south to Elm street, countermarch at union depot, north on Maine to Jefferson, west on Jefferson under the commemorative arch to Central avenue, north to Washington, east on Washington to Fourth, north on Fourth to Iowa, west on Iowa to Fifth and south on Fifth to the North Hill square, where will be carried out tin following ORDER OF EXI.R< 1-F-: Music—“William Tell” .    .Iowa Slat** Bind Opening add res* by the pres OUR WASHINGTON LETTER. A New Organization—“The Order of United American Veterans” Which Our Correspondent Consoler* ln-cnnftixtent With the Present Attitude of the South—The Neglected Fire Department. [Correspondenceof The Hawk-Eye Washino fox, Oct., I.—TI difference between a tnugwu democrat than there is heiwi 'J? imt •ii is less and a a mule contempt. The rebel veteran today easts a vote which is as potent as Unvote of any two veterans of the bine. 25,OOO votes in Georgia elect ten democratic congressmen. It takes :{.'*(),OOO votes in Iowa to elect ten republican congressmen. In that instance the vote of one rebel iii Georgia counts as much as the votes of fourteen union soldiers in Iowa. Similar comparisons can be made between all northern and southern state'. And yet the red handed in orderer' to-day declare that ’th** war is over,” and we should not engender sectional bitterness. The confederate soldiers were brave men, but misguided. The confederate politicians are coward' and curs, who assassinate, whip. threaten burn and pillage under cover of inky slon of journal sm in certif are debarred from learning lh se r vat Evart: diirfrn. congress. of a law < sity in th preamble, milled to funds ar* aunt N )■ w closh o pr* ny. bat the me; dent, >1 Iowa. I rabic Inter ii..in iii America ai J. A. Klcppisch ’Address by the govcrnoi Horace Boles. Music—“My Country ’Tis ot Tho ”....... ............................School Children Addn    by I.mil lloechsD r, Esq., ut < hicago Music..............Chorus    ny German Singers Address bv Rev. Pastor Obei man, ut Museatine Music...........   .    iowa State Baud Address by Rev. Pastor Darius, of Burlington ! bi great en d! back of ti the univ)*! and a! negro, belong and pl pas'ag: un I care rial *r I law is a'« Re IJS I d th ■ a' •re state*, and he art pre- • fir>t stage. Senator irk, introduced a bill days of the session of )• for the endowment it In Howard univer->ifl ‘♦tate* in the persons are ad-y, but that the »rovide' for an of 316,00© by the maintenance and department of the in-g<»od bill and refleet* Negator Evart- But >r i' the president of Dr. lean kin. He i* i a friend of the The lured ver*i and i cadi d onbt that suggesting, * In trod rn* th to him irging ut and t Jen. J of the af cratic *i tenant a before lr He wa* f abler. should Ii of A ab: The der ha* k on th!' bi Whet •t and of Iii A A;aba men on se. He ma, is (/tie the derno-wa' lieu- the confederate and train army of age. piendd .hat he d th affee d be party onfeders ohs <ept if The in cor er yet oidier ,copse gress. went Th ■hat he paper 'tar1 t ant or eading apital of a dozen years ct for commiseration. ?r< lazy. its 'tore clerks es-!adie* too azy even a air! who is too lazy i/.y to endure. Gft.cn I 'torc and '’and before Ute or two .vaiting for some one of the clerks a paragraph in a news-If the customer would • would wake ore, Air. 1 hi an dofer DEK WI AENACH] FREE. and a jackass. same family, downright ju other is a na') animals. They both One is orb >t what Id: s imitation o neiong *o the ilia!, upright, ems. and tin* two ram*- of An organization ha.' *oiuposed of men who •ti d h ) ii eft lire... (.'horns..... The aft) a grand moon f> ■Volk’s .“D stiviti) . Iowa Waclit State Baud ain Rhein.'’ will consist of or in* were iii the union and confederate armies They sty!** themselves the Order of United American Veterans. It is published thai their intention is to obliterate Th)* animosities -till engendered and noD-riaiued and restore good fellowship lions. The union ami veterans her)* meet ground and ar)* eoiia. ii rnidnis •bt. No ne • of thei n ar* * J* •nti They ar* P u id der-. <• owards. , ti fraud- , a .'s;t"i ti' murdi erers * ai lid I Their COF rse t en ids to a mar. by . ai ■ to ■day * ex i'ts in the soil itll. tiort he rn men w ho sees it rn >t. I- d ignora ut. Thi union soldi er W ll Hates I lit* cr i tnt *- of reb* iis rn ust Im* d an Th* It wa- imy j pleasant duty Ic i aid wakening the town. Every day i one of these -'ore' wa' ent ered nv kind of busi n**". after waiti ing a ite. I’d 'tart out aud when Tiie < Jerk erehant would « •ail me bock. I t J say angrily and earnest y: * N ot a ed tiling in the ' 'tore. Y'oii are too ta: I TOI :her ■d I Th her i wa' betwe the upon •ti the '( onfeder; i comm re wl at. rev an I suggested the name erat! recently, to betorn) this new organization. sent in at my sugge'tio brought to the point of d A Fest” at Schlampp s ) A' soon a' they found That nr OI a unmr * a un*mb Th** name was ii. it wa* never eflnite decision. t)-run -ter in a the lh** tnsi nia avei a rn mo annuent was o went to Rift* th** great marl er. saw very i -at 'can ms and J no der; r ti xcitemen dav' ag*; Wash int Even Wa- ;r tm *h str daw itll me i ;**d ii' ght p hat th p!a< ght washed ami look ft down by t that there w* dc' between t though lh' nu pie and ( rum peetion revea •ack' were tea it by the rain lie great uniu i mea I year' heirs a mdard or from up the ne way. Lu the ibiished 'ted orbit gtor. •rchant' to learn I COllId would dm ated un to irt ei I ’ I y * red tai 174 s and 175 Germans font; many of them : 1716 and 171 direction. A t adventurers head) dared thousands their native land tin* Poet s Aread in Louisiana or Sippi. Instead to the new Ed father of vvat tin* Mobile in isted for five twenty-) homes i*rn ii:rat io mber of s led by one f Ger assn had ban th *11 OI ars I Alai year- , th. .aw .ama lief w ceti hundred Maryland, more. I ti >ok a new lators and in Law in-s to leave ring them that men discov.-red s Of the M i'sis-g his f( shores anded them where they .ai tai j w■> r- >f the in a rnisera! to Indian f eolian d law lecturer cd ex ten si ve al u. caws, became a abort and had trave u*di Europe. godship •■America” arrived ”-°l Philadelphia August 20, Dis:',. ^Grills was his family and a few .. emigrants; Jacob Schumacher. ■ "enameller, Isaac Dilbeek. his r! Jwu children, Abraham and lj||iis Gasper, Conrad Backer, aud an English maid, Fran-! I hi' small advance party 01 lowed by many others. " and Ins party settled upon j;iKiuri company’s tract between ^ ■-*.“ ; and Deja ware rivers. The divided into four hamlets, ‘titiantown, Krisheitn, Crefeld totorr L id.ifi n,,» . .. taken up by October, 168J. At thirteen fami lies in dition and exposed endured many hardships and privations. In this miserable plat )* two thou-and of them died: the wretched survivors, about three hundred in number, finally reached the batiks of the Mississippi in 1722, 'about, forty miles above New orleans.*’ About twelve thousand more Germans and Swiss had been engaged by Law lo remove to his mythical hidorado, but the fate of the first company deterred the others from coming. These were the first Germans *o settle on the Mississippi. They were very poor for some years but th** natural thrift and industry triumphed over tin* most adverse circumstances, and from those hardy pioneers have sprung some of the most iniiuentia!. respected and wealthy citizens and siiaat planters of Louisiana. The place of their settlement, poor and barren af first, and known as the ‘‘German coast, became known in later years by reason of it* richness and fertility ie the “Coast of Gold.” A German colony iii Georgia, founded about 17JI, was peopled Lutherans driven from their persecutions. Their leader pastors, the Rev.'s John Martin U.oltzms and Israel Christian Gronau. This colony flourished until in 1715 it numbered several hundred families. I* rom 1.16-1755 a great many Palatines settled in South Carolina, founding Orangeburg, Congaree and Wateree. In l,6;>ovet six hundred were sent from the amtman* and Swabia and given a township of land. In lU’/J a number of Lutherans and German Reformed church people purchased a tract of land in Maine from General Waldo and utd town of Waldoborougli In Line.. . tv. Bremen and Frankfort wen < ierman settlement I ti 1746, during t bt by homes by wer)* their urn th* iny, e ti up V IIH windy, Iii per int t ye pla inient. disagr ■ride ut that he ai cap' terday cd upon the c What a cable, day Mc Laughlin stormy. th** Gas t OI I eap-'to the 'ta lug of whistle heard f emouie river Ie ip, and under direction of chief of engineer' and arc monument, placed the tit one, while James Hogan lifted Gen. here ai ways. n proven) few w ■rgy. a bly. whi > a'hi fig• the gre; rn or mung men d engaged I hey have o-day we tnt a- can-■ rti -. St; I is'itude in ii needs to >n will be-t republic. D. Fur. s and strip**'. cannon'and but the sot >y the particip ' in mid air. There w* 'ii r ie Kings md' were ants in th** 555 feet upon •re b( of 'I sear final from the IO')1 wa tare! y Cerine CELEBRATION CUTLETS. ann will ersonal 'ut e arch on W’a'hingtt mdeavor t* ■ - riptionst)) Main street n. No arch in Main 'ire M; Un of B The bureau of engraving and printing *-d to givr away splendid steel engrav-g-. make from the old -tee! plates upon filch former greenback' were prime)!, y the best engravings ever made .anan, Lincoln. S' on. \Y on, Jackson) and other notable >f the republic, were executed •ureati of engraving and printing Illustration and embellishment rotes issued by the governmen ssuance of those vignettes on hina-Liz.el)' y Hit* >r tile the The Hi lt s era! erfei to application has ceased, and it •el**" for any one to apply for them. •em' that within the past year '6viatic rn pts have been made by coum-imitate absolute paper money, pun unsuspecting people, and iset] some of til** old engrav-thern in their work. Inas- >na in pose u hey have rig' to aid tin hard* toney 'Cs** ll t r to detect of war time day the bi thai now fain most ig vignette aback' are ow-a-days, arid • ar** unfarn could be mor counterfeits med, and wi Vol dom cou mer-.. then it r**au iia-sec th** found in even some ir with them cadi iv pa"ed the money which all ar** 11 tar. I bt* pa peop lepartment rreu* lire- « 'aid 3-da this 1 tire Chief COLUMBIA GREETS GERMANIA. '■•tart in tin* world on** cross-cut saw. one plane, one whipping saw. one set of gouges. Michael Wiegand, had a wife and thro* children, arid lie was supplied with one large file, one smaller one, one mortising chisel, one auger. Jacob Weber, a husbandman, had a wife, Elizabeth, and two children: hi' stock consisted of on** box with knife, white cad and compass, one adze, two gouges, one ■hisel. Johann Jacob Rlettel, accompanied by his will* children. Mr. Ulett* ins saw, . Oil*1 unit It in Germantown. ’■toed ' y<‘‘irv the spWlfcmeut ; GU houses. Soon after his r:,^:;7:«umed wil,‘ llie Society '^ttA G * ?('a,ne 0I|,‘ of the most ■*    ‘'■’'u,i(J’fie head and lavv- ‘bicui.qit he [tad founded. pr‘^:",vJ and Hie inhab-10 gath)*r round them 0tT ,of tjfnue- and they “gtr'r j' arul vineyards* ,'k»r,*’ 'jU,M'r, of the people toted. igions belief: culti-The were vv ere mortising c aged forty, wa aud three jug died whipping one gimlet Fischer, a hi' wife and one tenant -aw, one gim hie, one hatchet, ‘me jointer. Gueleh, a carpenter and joiner him hi' wife and two children d two full sets of carpent iiav- widow received one one great hammer, tenant saw. Johannes ami husbandman, with child. He received one ' t. one hammer, one Melchior had vv itll ID* re- birt . “J" k> an*] 1262 comparatively • not over two hun-e*y located principally during the when forty ^ (ouiast to tin* fortunate tho**i seltUjrs in Pennsylvania, TS.Ma; j“® flight homes in New 'ties.    ul^.    of the southern r- u. ': :a- Eouisiana and the drivel gS:,w‘ aii(i ut ;ll‘d even %    170J    aii,i    J    ~27. .lt‘ Eng;^Va ,,, riu;uis sought homes * bionics, Pennsylvania of settlement on uberal views and tile D < t siH**j by the governor !i L05 a number of Ger- ctiur    10    German Iheycn.    *'■'*    to Holland, lv'.r j '^iwoy,ars|ator ,u; (I* 'rnll '"I, IItrmev-.,iJ!'!laW!lre bay and find y^y «««•GEIlMAN FR \NC1S D. by war, YValdoborough Nsa'    j    ashe is. the t..WD l»>d"'^rcd Canadian Indian me f bit «UVy and many of tile i11Iia.1 *ita’»'in*1 wjien Th** town was a ruin un    german UTT LER, J'‘SU a cloth weaver, and Johanna iii rim avori’-*‘ place ‘emu others v beoiir. *'«w y, ami wk. bel). bony they in-storms they were u v '’'‘lavvu a ' I they resolved to abide it was ^inhabited by lhirlyr(K) ( families, and a year biter *■' ^ ]an(J settled in Maine. Then ■- tnany left from Waldo proving ltiv . t:on never the colony and German . King again turned towards a 1    '    ()f cu]- George the Second wa>. ec;oru,aus and onizing Nova S<*otia w itll that *nd. of h'eid’oSt9tr<7ng lndu.:«itieDts io ^ In answer to his can a * b i |and-lIauovi*rians left their bonn - * ingin Nova'Scotia in June ot * Peter Rv>^' wife received one bet. one btu one jointer widow with pot. one hammer. Maria a little wimble, one hate two auger! Wemarian, a —olhill„ plane, daughter, rev* m d    a j• i, ....a a hat* lint. Daniel Fi**roand his son rec hatchet, (inner Maria and one wife Anna given one win. two    w„,    k. one mitre Herman broad axe    one    ^|are.ointer one tenant *    *    d    ]saac    Turck,    a Schuneiuau, a (un ways bor** and always has itorne its i’qjl share of th** dangers from domestic and foreign foes. In all the indian raids and attacks upon the frontier settlements, in the French and Indian wars in the north. in the Spanish and southern Indian wars. in the great struggle of th** revolution, tin* war of 1812, the Mexican war, and finally iii the tremendous struggle of I860 Is61, the Germans have ever been found in the front ranks fighting for first,the very existence of themselves and families threatened with destruction by the murderous savage, later for the rights and liberties invaded by England and at last for tin* preservation of the nation they helped to build. In this connection it is proper to remark that the tirst, declaration against slavery wa' made in this country by a German, the leader of the first band of settler^T Francis Daniel Pastorius, in 1688. In that year lie drew up a memorial against slave-holding, which was adopted by the Germantown Friends and sent up to the Monthly meeting and thence to the Y’early meeting in Philadelphia. It is noteworthy, says Whittier, as the first protest made by a religious body ag&inst negro slavery. After the lirst settlements began to grow and prosper, each succeeding year has seen constantly increasing numbers of German emigrants land upon our shores, and no one can say that they have not been towers of strength to th)* nation. They have taken front rank in all departments of learning, science, art, mechanics and music, and form an element of the national character which could not be removed, except to the great detriment of tin* country. « Is it to be wondered at that the Germans of to-day wish to commemorate th** advent of their fathers, recall to mind their struggles and celebrate tlieir triumphs? And is not the occasion on** for congratulation hy Americans as well'.’ Two centuries ago Columbia extended a friendly hand to Germany and now iii** children of both stand side by side in ah the walks of life, equal sharers of th** bounty of the laud and the heritage of their fathers. Tomorrows Program. The grand industrial and allegorical procession is to form at th*; corner of Washington and Main streets in the following order: Fin'T DIVISION. Marshal, N. Eau. Platoon of Mounted Police, Chit I Marshal Carl End**, Adjutant Shuinir and stall. Iowa state Band of Dos Moines. Burlington Blites. Governor Horace Buies, President J. A. KI*p-pisch. Hon. The*). Guelieh and Mayor Duncan. I 'lout —Columbia and Germania. Company E. I. N. (J. of Et. Madison. park, where music, speeches, refreshments and various sports will furnish amusement for all. Also a kinder fest at North HUI park from one to five o’clock, in which tiler)* will ta* speeches, singing aud a concert program by the Boat Club band. Tin* evening will be given over to the magnificent pyrotechnic display on the river front, a f ill program and description of which has already been printed in these columns. Th** tire works display v ill fie enlivened by music from tin* brass bands, to be located on th** John Taylor at th** ferry landing and on th** Boat Club house balcony. wore s aud J ted He a to * use is a iv of iran GERMAN DAY. OFT)) IU. ll ti. I SIHI. [ Wi titan for t tie H a wk-Eyk. German day in America! Hear t tie hands amt t he tr* ad ut bos! See! Horse aud footman moving past. Tin* gainly hairnet'and Haunting eres German day on freedom's soil. Yet. songs ut t ti*' Fatherland greet I tie Praise of the Fatherland far and near. Sacred memories ever dear. ■ar. German day in a kingless land'. Cihertx sways lier precious wand; The shackles fall from foot ami band. N > longer wards of the Fatherland! (’. va Davidson FOR GERMAN DAY. and Where You Can Buy Shields. Flags Portraits for Decorating. J. W. Smither has just received a large supply of German and American flags for decorating purposes. In addition lie has shields, portraits anil other ornaments suitable for building and window decorations. These goods were bought purposely for the German-Ameri-)*an celebration and will be sold at low margins. Monday Night at the Grimes opera house a grand ball. Cc me aud firing your friends, (food music and a pleasant time for all. Tickets 50 cents. — Headquarters for German decorations and flags. M. F. Wiedemann, 313 North Main street. C. L. S. C. Book*, For the course of 1890 91. Special discount to clubs. Maubo & Wit.sox. of the union, a brave soldier w ho the biuo and fought under th** st ir stripes, has a black skin. they rev* at th** idea of associating with him. was not an applicant for admi'sioi the order, and knew nothing of th* of his name until afterwards, lie loyal man. belongs to the grand aru th** republic, and votes the repuhl ticket. Ile said: “Those fellow* are rebel* and traitors, and ar** taking in some of our malingerers and camp bummers. No honorable union soldier, black or whit**, wants to put himself on ai**\i! wi til those who tried to perpetuate slavery and destroy the union: and who are to-day as determined as ever to subvert the constitution a* far as my race is*concerned. I should consider that I was honoring the crowd by merely visiting their club r*»>m, aud I should consider myself disgraced to In* known a* a member of their order.” No man of luau** gress i dings they d> N w Y y do n partm the WU tv have an upon nit. our mo th* ; and ot provide to folio) -ky w itll water. away from the •ut • forgotten by Farris, of the In fact, all of failed to the con - busine'* sky J u s t ler iar^re facilities >w those Washoe de le, gh ie arc! s Height r ti:is r progra The Be •pen thei i reworks Uresid. tier of J* tiav frtui Mo this e hop. lornini the •erin and only > see The city bf’ i re nd it ira I Hot* icing thus chat, ii rn I nee* met ia>' Report* limit tees nothing he work w as I the d ing for >r> d ring the di • rnor and Miss it, from the bah)) avebeen mad*- t> >* the sam*1 in he throw of dis-• * J ay of )!•■' will my, and . appro, r honor. [.pisen I' i-rv at we irs that v e Iowa and Mu estimate t mat of the present. •rrnan Turn take pi .rat Hall in ti ate req no a. and (orts. Mou lted to Mon- for the fir* buildings int* ington ha' gr payment in size, population and buildings. We have only eight and there are Sot' of town lations do not exceed Hi they have ten or twelve other facilities for tightim need at !ea*t three more *t another hook and ladder outfit. So of these day* th)* people of this city \ wonder why we didn't have a bigger department. If on** of th*.se big bu Rigs on I street were to take tire. and alarm wert* sounded at th** same time Capitol Hill, the people would realize importance of taking precautionary nit tires when it was too lat* .” 'I ii** veteran fire-tighter is right. Th:* is sti i a sleepy town in many respects, and tin* people art* rather disposed to lock til** door after the hors** is stolen, than it* go out to th** Darn and lock the door early in th** evening. True we have no representative iii congress, but xx** have engines her* • whose popu •,o*m), wher steamer - an tire. W amers. an The following Ii an agreement to dag: National State ming. Merchants' Na «Barrett, cashier. t lerman-Anieri) Win. A. Torrey. First Nations Wm. P. I Iowa s bani ie a* tiav OOH signed rn Mon- J. I IL < i * i ar re a- *r, > Sax ier. an >at cashier, hank o ashier. ■rigs Pan Burlington. W >n biali OII t he ■as- th Mi ear * *: Den ■ anslat The n The s1 at me ah* Jefferson de tile mot str* An i un.) ‘tell f which i (I t he far ;)n<l t lie st ♦ ■rn* 'lei i citizen sinner:" w ommittees and <!i*tri lio should act. ct Hum lid on ”* lur (lur I ier th* Lath* rfiiinl imrts aint In n memory near ■mes are ever ben join such an organization. Such a scheme could never catch such soldiers as John A Logan. I . S. Grant, Chil Sheridan, Tecumseh Sherman, or W. s. Hancock. No good soldier will ever willingly lay down hi' arms, and then bow to his conquered adversary. —Excursion tickets via. the C., IU & Q. for Hie Ottumwa coal palace will be un sale September 26, October I and 8 at one fare for the round trip. — Handsomest line of the city at Eisfeld's. fall neckwear in It was too soon for tin- most conservative and charitable soldier to forget tin* war. The rebels have not yet accepted tile results of the war. The principal result of that war was that ti:** negroes should be free and have tin* rights of citizenship. The southern confederacy is still an organized rebellion. The efforts to suppress that fact only fatigue BX VERKIN- FLOAT. the 'kins of certain members of th** human race, no harm was intended probably ( rca I or, but that 'ame black pig-ha- caused a great deal of pain, and shedding of blood. After years, tin* race question 'till great deal of speculation and reasoning. The education by th me ut anguish all tile causes a phiki'Ophi of tin* black race is necessary primarily. if J Hey are to b** saved, regenerated, re-e I ai med and elevated. The public school s>-tcm partly solv**' iii** problem, but it does not deal with the matter of higher education. In certain 'tat**' negroes cannot be admitted to tile iaxv, divinity, or medical schools. They are also believed to be incompetent for tin* profes- Gratifying to All. 'File Ii i ig ii position attained and the universal acceptance and approval of th** p easant liquid fruit remedy Syrup of I gs, as the most excellent laxative kown. illustrate the va;ne of tile qualities on which its success based and are abundantly gratifying to tip* California Fig Syrup com puny. A K.titian! Home. rout window on Jefferson street seen during iii)* week a stove any horn* radiant. Th** closely tilted that it can perfection. This is on** points in Hie manufa>*-l'** burner. This stove is not only a beauty in design but will save its price in fuel in a very short time. Each succeeding year secs an increased sale of the Radiant Home. Ask any person who has purchased one ii. Burlington and they will give it a recommendation. Faut a Krieehbaum are sole agents for it in this lot ality and will take pride in explaining its good qualities to the pub- —Excursion tickets to Chicago via C B. A Q., It. Ii., on sal** every Thursday during September and October up to the 16th inst. (food for return till the Monday following date of sal**. One and one-third fare for round trip plus 25cts for admission coupon to iii** exposition accoilnt inter state exposition. —If you want a large assortment of German and American flags, shield- and garland-, go to Jus. W. Smither. —Tin* hard northern wheat makes the be-t flour. This is the reason that the White Rose (lour is in such favor with the people. —German Day programs in German and English at Steece’s drug 'tore. —Giiahn’s book for everything iii turnery, etc. store— headquarters books, pictures, sta- -Stop at the Clifton, Chicago ;