Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.
Loading...

OCR Text

Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - June 29, 1890, Burlington, Iowa EYE ESTABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.) BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORRING, JUNE 29, 1890—EIGHT PAGES. The Yellow Spring. A Romantic Mexican Story. By William Henry Bishop. {Copyrighted by J. II. Lippineott Company, and Published Them.] by Special Arrangement With SYNOPSIS. Chapter I.—Amy Colebrook, a young American girl, arrives at the Mexican home of ber school-mate. Luz del Prado, the daughter of Gen. Mariano del Prado. She meets Don Wal- (^yOj,ahandsome young man and friend ter Airer of the Del Prados. In a letter which Amy writes home it developes that her family lost Its fortunes through a defalcation years before. Chapter 2.—The Del Prados chide Don Walter for associating with Capt. Francisco Perez, a roving character, who is looked upon with distrust. During a discussion among peasants mention is made of a native superstition. Some ancient deity, they say, appears in an inaccessible gorge called the Barranca of Cimarron, under the form of a yellow serpent, and brings bad luck to whoever sees him. It developes that Don Walter is the son of an American defaulter. Don Walter’s ambition is to restore the money (3,000,000) which his father wrongfully lost in speculation to its rightful owners. CHAPTER III. SOME of them objected that La Alma de Mexico was too old. and that many fondas have that name already. “So they have,” spoke up a voice from the crowd in a disgusted way; “thereare more than a million Alma de Mexicos in Jfche country now.” “Ah! that is you, Perfecto Ponce; you are there, are you? You were the principal one. What do you think he wanted? Why, that I should take a tradition of tho district he and I come from, and cal© the place ‘Tho Famous Yellow Snake.’ He argues that this would be something especially appropriate, as belonging to our own part of the country. I say it would bring bring us bad luck.” “There was a little fonda of that name up there at Huetongo that did very well, and you know it. Many's the drink of pulque we’ve had there together. Besides if there’s any evil influence afloat you want to conciliate it, don't you? Politeness is not thrown away, I suppose, even on bad traditions.” “I don’t see where the novelty comes in, then; and in a city something more civilized is needed. But one of you chooses one thing, and another another; even if I agreed with you, tho rest would still have their own ideas.” “I prefer ‘El Demonio,’ or ‘El Delirio,’ ” spoke up a new voice. “I have known thqse titles to succeed finely. They have a bold sound and give a place an air of excitement like.” “There, you see”- But at this moment the Jefe Politico, an officer somewhat corresponding to our mayor, but -with a wider jurisdiction, came up. He was a pompous, self sufficient, stupid person, and the subject of controversy had to be restated for his ears. He had, in truth, an interest of his own in the Bella Union opposite and looked with no favor whatever upon the new enterprise. Nevertheless, feeling the eyes of his fellow citizens upon hint, he assumed a weighty, judicial air, as if considering a case of important bearings. “The point is right here. Here is the issue,” he began, placing a forefinger in in the palm of his hand. “I can tell you absolutely everything in these matters. For instance, names were invented in early times—names come down to us from historic ages.” If the point were in the palm of his fat hand, it staved there; for he made little further progress with his argument. The crowd began to murmur with impatience. “I had many other names,” said Gassed seizing an opportunity, in his eagerness. “There was ‘the Aurora,’ the ‘Fountain of Love.’ ” “Wily not ‘the Fountain,’ pure and simple?" interposed Don Walter, mockingly. “A great future awaits the tavern keeper or the milkman who honestly confesses to baptizing his liquids.” And he hummed, in the words of a popular air: F.l pulquero que lo intiende Mas ngua que pulque vende. (“The pulque dealer who understands himself more water than pulque sells.”) The Jefe almost seemed to take this levity as an offense leveled directly at himself. “ ‘Bella Union’ is the most excellent of titles for a fonds; there is none better; you might learn of your neighbors,” said he, with the nearest approach to coherence he had yet made. He strode out to mount his horse, thereupon, with such rough inadvertence that his heavy spurs struck the naked legs of Trinidad Jose, one of the mozos accompanying the del Prados, end caused that worthy servant to wince with pain. “Old fraud! old ruffian!” murmured Trinidad Jose, looking after him indignantly; “but I know something that will make me even with you yet.” “■Well, now your sign is all nicely painted and put up. isn’t it?” said Gen. del Prado conciliatingly to Antonio Gas sol, preparing to drive on. “What if it has been heard a good deal before, and isn’t exactly original? You know there are a great many people who will only like it all the better for that.” “There, you see? I told you so,” Gas-sol could be heard saying, behind them. “What is all this about a Yellow Snake? It seems as if I recollected hearing something of the kind before,” demanded the general. “I am the one to apply to; I am just from that locality,” responded Walter, riding beside the carriage. The story prevails chiefly among the poor Indian population of charcoal burners on the way to tho desolate Barranca of Cimarron. They believe some ancient deity appears in that gorge under the form of a serpent and brings bad luck to whoever sets eyes upon him.” Senorita Luz crossed herself, lier New York education not yet having changed her simple ways to any great extent. “I suppose it is only a vestige of the worship of the god Quetzaleoatl,” Walter continued. "One of his titles was •The Shilling Snake.’ He is the god in whose day the cotton used to grow ready dyed with gorgeous hues, and a single ear of corn was provision enough for a large family.” “Those people are half idolaters yet,” said the general, in a fatigued way, “though they ought to have been Christians these last three hundred years.” “To be sure they are. They have caves with altars in them that divide their worship with Hie churches; and how often idols are found in the maguey fields, to which they furtively pay their devotions!” •Dios mio!” murmured the senora, piously. “The secret of keeping up the tradition so long is probably that scarcely any one baa ever been down there to test it, for the place is all but inaccessible,'* Slid Walter Arroyo.    , The mozo Trinidad Jose, who had near aa possible to hear the Jhaa^onshedhiahai “I have been there and I know it is unlucky.” “You have been there—you, Trinidad J ose?’ they exclaimed. “I blundered into it once on a hunting trip, when I was a young man, from the other end, near the lake.” “And what happened to you?” “Nothing happened to me, but the day after my return the English governess and many of the animals were killed by lightning.” “Was she governess of your family?’ “No; she was educating the children at the hacienda—you know it very well, general,” returned the mozo, reproachfully; “but she died under a tree near my corral.” The family told A my about this young Englishwoman. She had arrived to begin her labors but a few weeks before her death, and she was buried under the same tree where she had met her fate. After that Amy would hear more about the nun or half nun, Beatriz, whose sweet face had interested her. “You know, of course, that all the convents were abolished here?” began Senora del Prado' “No, I am sorry to say I did not know it.” “Not even the Sisters of Charity were exempted. Our odious, so called ‘Laws of Reform’ ”-- “Lucetta!” expostulated her husband. “Well, they permit no more than three of the ex-nuns to live together even in secular life,” she continued, more temperately. “Dona Beatriz, only a novice, just beginning her religious life when this cruel edict was enforced, was one of those thrown out into the heartless world. Two others live with her at Campo Florido. We do all we can for the poor things,” sighing, “and but for our husbands, who make the laws— Well, amor de Dios!” Don Walter Arroyo, after leaving the party, had ridden to his own home in the quiet plazuela of San Ysidro. The two ex-nuns, having breakfasted there, were just coming out as he entered the great green door leading to an inner court yard. “Ah, if I had only known what company was here, I should not have been so late,” he said, applying even to them the tone of courteous compliment that was natural to him with women Dona Praxedis was no doubt beyond the reach of all such blandishments, but the younger, Dona Beatriz, gave him a smile of much favor, and even colored a little. “We can hardly expect you to arrive at a fixed hour after so long a journey, my dear Walter,” said Miss Concepcion, the eldest of the three Arroyo sisters, and you shall still have your breakfast.” I have already breakfasted, so as not to put you out.” He went to his chamber, which the kind care of the spinsters had made perhaps the pleasantest in the house, and passed some hours there nervously arranging the notes of his survey and other papers. When he issued forth again he threw himself at fu-1 length upon a settee iu the large, coof, brick floored parlor, and began to talk in a discontented way, that by degrees grew more feverish, of his prospects in life. “I sometimes think it might be a little better if you hunted less with Capt. Perez,” began Miss Mamca, the second sister, with mild reproach. “He is the best shot and boldest rider iii the district,” he answered, as if that were a quite sufficient response. “But really such a companionship must have a certain unsettling influence,” she pleaded, gently, “and make you less energetic in business.” “(’apt. Perez is the very best fellow in the world; if others will talk against him, I never wisli to hear it. His kindness to me commenced even when I was a poor, unfriended little chap living in the gloomy ruin at Rosales; and he has done me many a good turn ever since.” “And you still remember Rosales so well?” inquired Miss Ysabel, the youngest, and there was a certatn spice of curiosity in her tone. “How can I ever forget it? Nothing will ever again be so stamped upon my memory as that. Do I not know why we lived that way, why my father hail fled from the United States and concealed himself there?” “It was a great misfortune, it was a great misfortune,” she sighed, “but I have always thought your father should never have told you; there was no need of his doing so.” “Should he have left me to discover it for myself, then? No, indeed, it was plainly his duty, if he could not put me in a position to redeem the crashing disgrace, to at least keep me from intruding upon the scene of it. Oh, they hissed him there in the streets!” he went on, fiercely; “some of his victims, whose fortunes he had ‘wrecked, would have killed him if he had not escaped. He told me all—all!” He groaned aloud as he drifted along with less and less control npon a flood of painful recollections to which he rarely committed himself so fully. “No, no, do not talk of it! Why will you recall it, and who knows the story here? No on# can ever say it was any fault of yours. All will come right in due time,” the listeners expostulated, keenly suffering with him. •‘Three millions of money to be made good, and even as much more, with the interest accrued in the meantime; and all that wrong and suffering to be undone before I can stand squarely on my feet and face the world like other men!” he exclaimed, as if summing up all his griefs in one final statement. He was one much given to alternate moods of brightness and depression, but rarely had they seen him so downcast as now. No more words were spoken, but Miss Concepcion went over to the gloomy figure, with his head deeply buried in the pillows as if to shut out the world for evermore, and sat by him a long time, stroking his hair soothingly. “What a misfortune! What a misfortune!” the three sisters murmured to one another very sadly that night as they made their modest preparations for dumber. When Walter arrived at Las Delieias on the morrow he surprised a little scale not meant for the public view. In the long drawingroom, a noble, simple apartment furnished in the style of the first empire, Luz and some younger sisters were trying upon Amy the effect of the graceful mantilla, which in Spaniel countries replaces the bannet. The black lace contrasted charmingly with her bright hair and a fawn colored gown which daaiiMi At sight of Walter die would have hastily pulled off the veil; the others would not have it, bot invited his criticism instead, and so she left herself helpless, as it were, in their hands. Walter was downcast and quieter thaq usual, and it was the general, just then coming in, who paid tim compliments. “She can give our little Mexicans lessons in wearing their own costume,” poi/! the general    a They kept Walter to dinner, and then his spirits revived. “After all,” he said, “why not enjoy the pleasures fate provides for me!?” After dinner the papers were spread out upon a table placed in an* open .corridor around a central court, in which a fountain played. The family gathered there also. While the reading of the*re-port progressed, one might glance over at the opposite wall,, ornamented with .a pattern not unlike thatof the Ducal.Palace at Venice, with carven gargoyles, and a strip of bine sky above it, or catch, through the rear portal,'alluring glimpses of the greenery of tile gardens. At that place was a sunny parterre, enameled with flower beds, and planted but thinly with fragrant lemomand limoncillo. At a tall, clipped hedge began the grateful shade of the gardens proper. The hacienda was like those characters which do not display themselves wholly to the first comer, but rofifiCT© their choicest qualities for their intimates. “I find, general, that your line follows the lava bed along to the hither edge of the Barranca of Cimarron and does not take in that chasm,” said Don Walter. “Are you sure of that?” “I have verified the survey very carefully.” “Well, a good riddance to bad rubbish. So the Yellow Snake does not belong to us after all, eh? The right goes over to Neighbor Garcia, I suppose?’ “Why, no; not to ham either. I did the same sort of work for him a couple of years ago and his boundary stops short of the other side of it. So the space covered by the Barranca and a little more is a sort of No Man’s Land, to be contended for most likely by the state and general government, if they want it.” “It isn't at all strange; a little land more or less has been of no great account here,” said the general, turning to Amy in an explaining way. “I will tell you how the titles were chiefly established in the first place. A viceroy would ride up on a hill with a friend or client of his, and say, ‘I give you all the land from here as far as your eye can reach.’ Then he would ride up on another hill, not so very far remote from the first, with another friend, and say to him, ‘I give you all the land from here as far as you can see,’ or perhaps, ‘as far as you can go in half a day’s journey.’ Thus, you observe, there could easily be some confusion.” Gen. del Prado was so well pleased with the result shown him that he desired to have Walter next undertake an accurate plotting of many irregular parcels of cultivated ground and pasture into which the hacienda itself was divided. The young man was delighted to embrace the opportunity; he could not himself have planned anything that would have better gratified the wishes of his heart. This employment gave him association with Amy in the freest, most natural way. He often remained over night, and in the evening there was informal dancing in the long parlor, ar she played for them the national airs of her country or their own. She commended herself to her hosts by her ready enthusiasm; they were genuinely pleased to hear her declare many things in Mexico much better than in the United States. “You particularly understand how to make life stately,” she told them, “and that the Americans, with all their expenditure, rarely arrive at.” The leaning to the picturesque and decorative was a strongly developed factor in her life. She went about with little sketch books, in which she put down odd bits, with no great success, but with tangible enjoyment to herself. It is like living in picture land,” said she. “Fancy my waking up in a room with a saint and cherubim in the corner and the bed standing on a dais with steps! Sometimes I get up very early in the morning and climb a low staircase to the bells. I like to sit there and look off at the fresh lovely landscape with the great bell just over my head helping to frame it in. Even the kitchen lias a hooded chimney and bine tiles. I feel as if something historic, or, rather fairy like, ought to happen to me here.” “I can hardly appreciate the differences you dwell upon, scarcely ever having been used to anything else,” said Don Walter. And he was led into questioning her with interest on the appearanceof things in the United States, about which his recollections of infancy were so exceeding vague. He was evasive, -and checked himself, however, when there; seemed any approach towards a need of declaring who his connections were thereon d under what circumstances he had left it. They ftlso rode together a good deal about the hacienda, the young women sometimes accompanying Walter, and sometimes repairing, under proper guard, to the curious points—some distant corral. or an aqueduct, or an irrigating pond, large enough for a lake, where he was at work. Amy hadJLooked forward to mounting into the saddle—in which she had had but slight experience —with a kind of longing dread, bnt^the ice once broken, she made up in courage what she lacked in skill. Young Walter thought, her masculine looking English habit, with ler Mghttilk hat, from which floated a bh»ganze<veil like a light smoke in autumn,.evemmor© becoming than her costumes' of every day life. They two, as Americans, to whom all things are permitted, were allowed to be together with more freedom than might otherwise have been the east. Thefam-ilv thought good to warn Amy on the score of Don Walter s ratherimprovident character, and that he woald not be at all a good match in the pecuniary way, but they were reassured by her. smile, and felt that this companionship' was only another of her ways of enjoying with a keen zest the novelty of the country. Besides this, ioortheir,attention was drawn away from it byeome-tKfng of especial interest to themselves. The Jefe Politico, Senor Corcovedo^ifc appeared, had been tsSken by the looksiof Senorita Luz, young as she was, .and, though he himself was a widower , of policy, thought wen to give porUuiity for his snit, and to see reluctance of his daughter might overcome. The daughter, was ber first suitor, even _ pulsive one—was > not so wholly tohim as might<have.beeu.sQppo8ed« Meanwhile, Amy hadxtot>fcrgottenthe (PRICE: LAB? COLIS CAMPBELL. She Offers a Letter on Women’s Work in England. sweet looking young mm shethad xnefcat Cuernavaca. This waaat figure bywhnee appearance and untmoal history she bad been particularly struck. Senora del Ptado took ber to seethe embroideries iff the ex-sisters, and she sometimes returned there alone. They lived in a pleasant, one story bouse, of the rural The Inspiring: Hand of Lady Sandhurst— Mrs. Besant and the Lucifer Match Makers—The Trades Unions— Society of Lady Artists. Ii sort, in the hamlet of Campo Florido, not far from the hacienda. Their principal room was of large size, brick floored, and cool, and looked out on one sidednto the grass grown, principal street, and on the other into a charming, simple garden. Amy, whose imagination was easily kindled, said to Beatriz, as she sat there with the latter one day, -learning a new lace stitch- “How charming and peaceful your' life is! It seems ideal. Sometimes I can-) not help envying von.” “Ah, no; I am very unfortunate. I am neither of the world nor out of it,”> returned the recluse, sadly. “How many j of its distractions and temptations are! thrown in upon us here! I aounot strqggl enough to withstand them. I often feel myself falling away from a high ideal [ and growing worse daily.”    * Dona Beatriz returned the liking of the pretty American, so novel a person forher, and was sometimes also at the hacienda to repay her visits. They were all assembled in the corridor on one occasion, just after she had left them, when the Jefe Politico, wholly without tact and riding rough shod over the favorite leanings of those whom he was making a pretense to conciliate, began: “Bah! They’re a fine lot, the nuns—' these mincing, genteelish ones of the or-1 der of Santa Rosa as well as I’d send them all packing, if way, many or few.” “Senor Corcovedo!” protested Madre, flushing strongly nth indigna- ,c tion. This was the day that finally set-[w^on tied his case, so that after that they    ° would have nothing more to do with him. “I speak only for myself,” said the Jefe. “The point is here, immediately here. Well, then, for example—does it not seem so to you?—I have many excellent ideas. I discuss from the point of view of science. In science I can tell everything, absolutamente every- even more than middle age, was coming there to pay her bis court ‘He is too ugly; he has odioushigh cheek banes and great yellow teeth,like a gorilla, and he is stupid and without manners,” objected Senorita Luz, aroused on tins score at least to plenty of vivacity. There were traditions, too, of repulsive cruelty be bad used in the wars. He was an ignorant, self made man, who bad pushed hhmipjf well to front cal troubles. Still, he much consideration, be stood high with the government, being sustained by*tbe favor of prominent persons of the more ialMHUM ONDON. June 5.—On reading the daily press of England one would almost be inclined to suppose that the women of Great Brittain had little to do with public life. With a fashionable wedding or a grand ball, according *"to the newspaper report, the sphere of woman would seem to end. But if we seek out facts and honestly chronicle them we must adopt quite another conclusion. Indeed, such a harvest of societies, leagues and associations do we gather in that a selection from .among them becomes difficult. Almost each month brings a new crop of some sort of associated effort on the part of women, and the field is becoming crowded indeed, for the old societies continue with a vigor ever perennial. Among the most important societies formed this last ytear is one in which Lady Sandhurst has been the inspiring and guiding hand. For a long time the working women of London Have felt their lack of organ-■ ization whenever a dispute arose between Yhem and their masters. A little over a ;year ago, when the girls employed by Bryant & May, the leading match man-lufacturers in t£e metropolis, struck for higher wages, little regard would (they jhave received had it not been for the instant and efficient help of Mrs. Besant. .This lady is a born organizer and * leader, and she soon had brought 5 the chaotic ranks of these match girls could cope advanta-employers. This strike, with its disorderly beginning and the‘d. successful close, was a splendid object lesson for the working women of Lon- the rest J1'into line’ 80 they my a I had mv§ geously with their you thing. I have made many orations, as is necessary for a public official—for example, at banquets—you understand what I mean.” Amy tooted an imaginary trumpet behind him. “They pull poor faces,” he went on, “these women, like the one who has just gone away, but Til bet the three have' the treasure that used to belong to their convent comfortably hidden somewhere., I have had a notion more than once to; employ detectives and look it up.” “It was probably taken out of the country by the mother superior and others who went abroad,” suggested tho general. ‘‘I don’t believe it—no, sir. Somebody has brought me the story that it was not. Besides, it was too bulky. Why, they had a solid silver railing aer"* their altar, and golden candlesticks hi £3 er than I am, and as thick through body. I say nothing of all the croups, bracelets, necklaces and rings, set vrith precious stones, they had on the imAg^* with the rain of emeralds, rubies, pearls and diamonds, scattered overtheir silken garments, and the solid cash in the treasury. And now they make the government pay some hundreds of dolors a year to support them.” He was much more direct in on such a point as this. Indeed, matters involving a rough sort of tive ability, especially in the dir of greed and persecution, he wri lacking in spite of his foggy spe The Senora del Prado and her plighter had already gone away in dudgeon* This talk, in fact, broke up the group. Don Walter and Amy went to th© garden. It was in the great garden!3 that perhaps their pleasantest hours pf all were spent. They-passed along a bosky walk,:opening into assort of Panth©011 of clipped foliage, in,niches of whicp were set Flora, Bacchus, Apollo and th© !&©• The path hence was narrow, and at-the end of it you came, quite by surprise, upon an immense, oblong fish pc^L, with a straight avenue of noble trees leading upward with a gentle tmdula^011 from its farther end. At one side the fish pond were most ornate flower gardens; on the other, extending its who!© length, was a broad flight of steps .with rows of broken columns along them, ai^d at the top, little corner pavilions looking down over a miniature barranca. Tjbe-couple sat down npon these steps, nea-r th© wa" ter. “When I first saw all t “I realized the enchanted Armida.” In the fish pond were six stone islands, which served support for roses. They reached by boats, high poo; gilded, such as indeed migh found in the gardens of was all this too carefully it was treated in practical, every <1*7 fashion that but added to its charnu- Some of the luscious superabundant^ °f mango and guava lay rotting ^longf the terrace walks, and appetizing odJbrs coming forth from the comer turre' they, too, were used for t fruit. Amy had grown,rounder since coming toiLas De! was better than before, probably never looked;so life as now. Her compania perhaps, by some-unusual bloom, to refer to it. “Yes,” she said, welccw or even to order underclothes madehy large firms. The reason given is undoubtedly a legitimate one; i. e., that most shops cut their workwomen down to starvation wages. Bat I hear on all hands, in America and England, complaints* of the inefficiency of that same “deserving woman.” It is a perfect vexation of spirit to try to get even the simplest garment made outside the shops. It would almost seem as if the large firms had monopolized all the competent workwomen. S&) to those who have conscientious scruples as to wearing things made by some poor, overworked, underpaid soul, and at the same time have not time nor patience to take the “deserving woman” in hand, the Thimble league, with its assurance that any garment ordered will be properly made on the shortest notice, and that the worker will get a fair wage, is a veritable blessing. While we are on this question of sewing let me point out one department of the Lady Guides association which fills a wide gap in domestic economy. To many a busy wife the family mending is a perfect nightmare. With the many calls upon her she really has not time to darn the holes and rents of the entire household. From the Lady Guides she can get a competent woman to come and put all thoroughly to rights. This useful association not only makes us whole again, but it sends out ladies to pilot strangers through the maze® of London, to conduct them to all its wonders, to advise and direct them in shopping matters. As they have employes who can speak any language, they are ready and competent to enlighten foreigners from all parts of the world as to the ins and outs of metropolitan life. I’ said Amy, lens of ttlefformal a place of rere to be green and have been Nor I showed that ie storage of id plumper her health id she had tell inall|her was drawn, ippearance of the refer-Trinidad Jose enc© brightly, “I got.old (' to weigh me on his scales!other day, lating your Inch is no easy .40.” a girl would e that. There a thorough gether with a which he had and the result is, after kilograms into pounds—' matter—I weigh a good “No? really?’ A & not have talked to him was about her an en freedom of character, rangwff intelligence to never *been used itrwou that continually: delighted birn “Oh, dear! I was sud a thin, forlorn looking person,” sh© coni aimed- “I had Acoldione spring I belie ve'they thought I*-woald * never recover iron. It is not flowery long ago ii ay brother used to-cafi. me the Rag3ab] »” ‘Dag Baby?” I dan’' think I understand.” “I didn't suppose yoi , would. Oh, a nerveless, boneless, lim » Bort of object don’t yon know? I na I to wear a very large white necktie ini a bow knot—it Ame a ffiaitim -I—.* a— f — Tnv brother tied on with their power when united 10they are now ready to work in with ^Lady Sandhurst's idea of forming a great ^trades union of all the women wage 1 earners in the metropolis. Of course the ^object of this work could be more effi iently accomplished if the trades unions ong men were to open their doors to t women, and demand that all should I have equal pay for equal work and all a fair day’s wage. But unfortunately John Bull's brain moves slowly. The men do not yet see that they must carry women with them into the promised land or be barred out themselves by having women usurp their places in the onward march, and underbid them in every labor market. So, since the British unions have not adopted the broad and wise demands which I understand the Farmers’ Alliance and the Knights of Labor in America have embodied in their programme— viz., enfranchisement for women and equal pay for equal work—we must welcome as a timely departure the society inaugurated this winter by Lady Sandhurst. It is pleasant to turn from more commonplace subjects sometimes to the world of art. But all is not “sweetness and light” even here. Just as I think the union of men and women in trade societies or in government is necessary if the most thorough reform is to be accomplished, so I deprecate any separation of men and women artists. I am opposed to either sex drawing aside and forming an exclusive association. The “Society of Lady Artists” is, I feel sure, a tactical error from all points of view. Women are already far too apt to make studies of flowers and fruits and portraits of characterless babies. It is to their own interest, then, not to cut themselves off from the criticism of their brother artists, not to forego the valuable lesson of comparing their work with that of men who have won their artistic laurels in the eyes of the world. It is really the women outside the “Society of liady Artists” who are making their names famous. Countess Feodore-Glei-chen, the sisters Montalba, Mrs. Rae, Lady Butler—these are artists to whom the world accords high praise. Countess Feodore Gleiehen show-s a thorough appreciation of form in the busts and statues she exhibits in the academy, and Mrs. Rae has shown both courage and ability in dealing with the nude figure. Lady Butler’s battle pictures and the varied work of the Misses'Mon-talbaalso hold their own—-aye, and more than hold their own—in the open competition on the walls of the Royal academy. If a picture cannot do this, whether it be by man or woman, the artist has clearly mistaken his or her vocation, and no amount of exhibitions of hole and corner societies, where membership replaces talent as a reason for the hanging of certain pictures, will conveytthe smallest honer or dildos to the painter who cannot face thj open competition of the world of art. Before the great question of art all distinctions of sex should vanish. Tile true artist is an artist before everything. The mere fact of being-'a man or a woman is a question of detail with which the world at large has nothing at allvto do. “By.their works ye shall know them” is true in all' branches of art, painting, music, sculpture, literature. If the work is good, so much the more praise if a woman, one of a class of beings whose mental development may be said as yet to be only*in leading strings, should have accomplished it. If the work is bad, no plea of sex should save it from condemnation. Therefore I look upon snch societies as that of the “Lady Artists” as a deliberate step backward in art education, and the sooner it is disbanded and its members merged into the innumerable societies of* their brother workers in art the better it will be for those women painters who look upon their vocation seriously. I have recently received the yearly report of an excellent society founded tv women. Its coat of arms, appearing at the head of each notice, fully explains its field of work and is suggestive of domesticity and all manner of womanly offices. The charge on the field of the escutcheon is very clear; for the bend is a liair of scissors, the bend sinister a threaded needle, and at the fess point a determined looking little thimble; on the scroll is emblazoned the words Thimble League.” The object of this society is to bring in the matter of sewing the consumer and worker together, and to do away with the middleman and his huge profits and sweating system. The Dowager Countess of Win-chlsea deserves high praise for the businesslike manner in which she has carried out the ideas of the society. Cen- Beautifol Ecuador Women. The females of Ecuador are proverbial Jor beauty, those among the aristocracy being said to have the fairest complexions lf Any in South America, while all possess targe, soft and expressive dark eves, the blackest and most abundant hair, the whitest teeth, well rounded figures and imail hands and feet. Like all women in the tropics, they mature early and fade quickly, but perhaps their average span of forty years includes more heart happiness than comes to women of colder climes in three score years and ten, for these are harraased by no “carking cares” or high ambitions. Indolence, religious superstition and faithfulness unto death are their most prominent characteristics; their passionate natures are completely satisfied in the love of home, husband and children, and for them the whole universe lies within the limits of vision. What higher praise could be bestowed upon the women of any country? To be sure, they are notoriously untidy in dress and habits, but the manta or paneulon, like the mantel of charity, covers a multitude of sins. As the poncho, for men, is the universal aud most useful garment for the middle and low^r classes, answering for a coat by day, a coverlid by night, an umbrella when it rains and a basket when there is anything to carry, th® female manta is worn by all classes and is equally indispensable, since it hides unkempt hair and all defects of toilet.—Cor. Washington Star. I ROAD IMPROVEMENTS. Successful Results of a New Jersey Road Law Recently Passed. The Special Features of the Macadam and Telford Styles offload—Importance of Good Thoroughfares—'The Tse of Crushed Stone. T HE To Disinfect a Room. The best means to disinfect a room which has been occupied by a person suffering from any infections disease is to burn sulphur in the room. To do this, take a dish pan and place a flat plate in the bottom of it, and on this plate set a kettle containing the proper amount of sulphur mixture—equal quantities of sulphur and charcoal. Fill the pan with water so that it will come half way up on the kettle. Then turn alcohol or benzine on the mixture, ignite, and get out of the room aa speedily as possible. Alcohol is much the best to use. and two or three ounces will be sufficient for several pounds of sulphur. Let the room remain closed for twenty-four hours. The room should be left open for another twenty-four hours, and then tJhoTourhlv cleansed, t he furniture washed with disinfectant solution, the walls newly ktfisomined or papered, and the wood work covered with fresh paint. TSe room should lie prepared previously by having every crack about doors and windows tightly pasted or stopped up. The object.of using water is that the heat of tho keifccM r, iii cause evaporation and send moisture out into the room; for, the spores beiqg very tenacious of life, dry sulphur fumes acre not sufficient to kill (.hem all. In the dry st ate, t lie product is simply oxide of sulphur, but when water is added we have sulphurous acid, which is powerful enough to kill all the spores as well as the germs.—Hall’s Journal of Health. New Jersey legislature passed an aet at the last year's session which is giving great satisfaction in that state, and some features of which might be applicable to other localities with like gratifying results. It is called the county road law. and its object and purpose is tin* acquiring, improving and maintenance of public roads. Concerning its operations a prominent resident of the state recently said to a New York Mail and Express reporter: “The county road act provides that any public road in any county of the state may be declared a county road by the county board of chosen freeholders i9 that county, and becomes such by the filing of a map with the clerk of the County defining the road: and that money may be raised by such board for the construction and care jot all snch roads in any county. Uni oh county is entitled to the cml it of this new system. The act was prepared and presented by its citizens. w ho have for several years deemed some such road law a necessity for the permanent improvement of the public roads in central New Jersey. “Union county has availed itself of this new law to a greater extent titan any other county in tile state. Its board of freeholders, unanimous in favor of the law, proceeded at once to declare as county roads the principal roads leading from Elizabeth to Rahway, from Rahway to \Vestfield. from Elizabeth through Westfield to Plainfield, from Plainfield through Westfield to Springfield, from Springfield to Summit and from Elizabeth to Springfield. “One hundred and fifty thousand dollars has already been raised for macadamizing these roads aud-for keeping them in repair for one year. They have all been surveyed, the maps filed with the comity clerk, and hundreds of laborers, mostly Italians, arc now engaged in their construction. Stone crushers, of which there are a half dozen or more in the county of Union, are running to their full capacity, cracking stone for top dressing, while scores of teams are hauling stone in blocks for the solid foundations. No stone is used in the construction of these county roads except trap rock, which is all quarried from the mountains in Westfield. This rock abounds in these mountains and the supply is inexhaustible. “The whole appearance of the localities where these roads are being constructed is changed for the* better. Before any stone is used the bed of tho road to be macadamized is brought to a grade, the high points being cut down and the low places being filled with the earth taken from high points. “The new county roads are very popular. Those few who feared the expense at first are now more tl^an satisfied with the improvements as they progress, and it is safe to say that there is not a taxpayer in the county that would have the new law repealed or the old condition of things restored to save the small expense incurred. County roads under the new law will soon become general in most of the counties in the state, especially if built with the economy, care and thoroughness which characterize the present board of chosen freeholders in Union county. We want more county roads next year, and the present board to construct them, or a board equally as good.” canon, occupation and rigorous exactions of quickly succumb to the ence incident npon the cr of the people, and go the death rate, which is; or to join that less some class that fill our; titties. “ With improved highways,” Professor Jenks, “the marked inclination of our alation toward the cities, often regretted, would checked. How often do we see farmers, especially the most and intelligent ones, who enough to wish to educate their dren well, moving to the '** M and cities, often only a distance of or four miles, because their cannot otherwise be regular in tendance at school and secure the vantages of social life. How much ter in every way. both for the and for the country at large, could real need, the recognition of which highly creditable to the farmer, be by a good permanent road that could traveled with speed and comfort in weather and at all seasons. “A still greater benefit would d. less be received by those who are to take up their residence in the or who have not the worthy an for their children's advancement would lead them to do so. A large of the mental inspiration and. culture the farmers depends upon their a1 to attend church, lectures, concerts social gatherings at a distance? and Iv goad roads, bv enabling them to go much more easily, would doubtless the whole intellectual tone of the inj£ community. Insides keeping wi' the healthful influence of the farm who are now almost forced into cities.” About Towels. First of all, have plenty of towels. Comfort and cleanliness depend upon it. You can better afford to go without any ornaments whatever than you can afford to have a scanty supply of towels. I have visited where there were not enough, and been most uncomfortable. After one or two Ie: sons I learned to carry two or three towels in my trunk, although it is pleasant to add that I seldom have to use them. Have them of a good size. They are more satisfactory and wear enough longer to pay for the difference in original cost. Somehow one feels dryer if she has had enough of a linen surface to dry upon. A friend of mine begs me rot to forget to mention the misery and discomfort produced by the “summer resort'’ towel, about one-third as largess it should be, coarse, sleazy and mean, wetting through with the mere taking of it in the hands and before one has wiped at all. Most of us know this towel, and love it not.—Juniata Stafford ll n Good Housekeeping. Crushed .Stone the Best. The demand for better roads iu our country towns is opening up a new industry’ to those who see in the future a constantly increasing call for the material required in their construction, and the practical experience of hundreds of years, both in Europe and America, has led to but one conclusion, viz: That, for road building or repairing, crushed stone is pre-eminently the best material for those purposes yet produced. Money otherwise expended on roadways is often worse than thrown away, each year finding them in the same/and, in many instances, worse condition than the preceding year, while the constant repairs required render them for a large part of the season positively unsafe for travel. In former years, when the stone must be crashed or broken by the slow and tedious process of the hand ham mer, it is not surprising that material far more accessible, viz,, gravel, was used; but with the many stone crashers now in use that town which neglects to avail itself of its opportunity to procure this far more valuable material for its roadways is indeed lacking in enterprise. The public demand has become imperative for good and durable roads, and will be satisfied with nothing else. Greer*. There a certain ln>y who, one day class, delivered eloquently the stirring; “Ami the rattling roar of the mosquitoes/ and ouly paused when the general la ter implied that mosquitoes differed musketeers. Hut t his same lad some detects his elders in a blunder and then delight is great. One day he came home from school said to the family assembled at the di table: * Please tell me something about We've got to talk about it this attern Now no one present could be expected guess whether the talk had to do with ograpky or chemistry, and one of the en aunts innocently answered from point of view most familiar to her. “It won t mix with water, but al? rises to the top,” si id she. “You can take it out of cloth with mon ta,” added another, and then schoolboy shouted aloud in glee, that day, whenever his own mistakes come the subject of family mirth, he hi way of saying slyly: “Greece rises to the top of the That must be why site appeared above Mediterranean!”—Youth’s Companion. Presbyterian Missions. The following is a summary view the foreign missions of the Presb church for the year ending May I, Missions—dndian tribes: Senecas, tas, Nez Perces, Mexico, Guaten South America: United States of Col bia, Brazil, Chili; Africa: Liberia,.* toon and Carisco; India: Lodiaaa^F rakhabad, Kolapur; Siam: Laos; CMS Canton, Central, Shantung, Pekin, nose and Japanese in the United Japan; Corea; Persia: Eastern, era; Syria. Ministers—American* native, ordained, 164; licensed, 196;,< missionaries—American, male, 41, male, 336; native, 948; churches, communicants, 26,855; number 2,714; contributions, $44,557: nom schools, 588; scholars, 26,348; school scholars, 23,935; students for ministry, 106. The total receipts of board during the year have been 066.44, distributed as follows: churches, $291,719.86; from We boards,$280,285.51; from Sabbath! $36,062.56; from legacies, $112,877. from miscellaneous sources, $73,120. —Independent. “Nationalities;” Iii the second chapter of his book Rev. Mr. Johnston considers the subject—the increase in adherents three great Christian forces—under head of “Nationalities.” His sions are that not only are the powers increasing most rapidly in hers, but that the increase is in a greater ratio in wealth and in elements of power. Probably elusions will command acceptance quickly than those of his first simply because the intelligent more familiar with facts on which bawd. He puts the whole rn these are here into very compact form whei says: “The accumulation of wealt England arid America is immeamx greater than that in the Best world. The French accumulate „ ing in small sums; the Saxons byi during wealth through the steam and the spread of Christian Union. was a pretended that my head it, and would fall off if 'I pulled out the ends.” “Oar Mexico has at commend it that it has so much to all this for tors have been established all over London, said all those who desire sewing done can feel sure that the Thimble league will get it done in the best and speediest manner, that the seamstress will get a fair wage and that the work will go to those who most sorely need it There has beal a movement in America, I understand, just as there has Caring for the Baby. A knitted blanket or an embroidered cashmere one can bewrapped around the baby unless the weather is very warm. It is always safe to use one when it is carried from one room to another, to protect the head front draughts. Little knitted socks keep the feet warm and add much to its comfort. Do not be afraid of fresh air. Open the window and provide artificial heat sufficient to keep the room at a temperature of 68 degs. Donut let the air blow directly upon the child; a screen placed near the window or a strip of flannel pinned in front of the opening will prevent this. Take the baby into the open air every pleasant day, putting on sufficient clothing to keep it'warm. Do not trust it in a baby carriage with a young girl, whose carelessness might injure it for life. Always dress and undress a young baby by an open fire, lf it cries during the day, unpinning its foot blanket and warming its feet will sometimes quiet it.—Ladies* Borne Journal Though trainees at Home. There are thousands of little courtesies that should not be lost sight of in the cruel candor of marriage. The secret of a great social success is to wound no one’s self love. The same secret will go far toward making marriage happy. Many a woman who would consider it an unpar-dbnable rudeness not to listen with an air of interest to what a mere acquaintance is ^saying will have no least scruple in showing her husband that his talk wearies ber. Of course the best thing is when talk does not weary—when two people are so unified in taste that whatever interests the one is of equal interest to the other, but this cannot always be the case, even in a happy marriage; and is it not better worth while to take the small trouble of paying courteous attention to the one who depends on you for his daily happiness than even to bestow this courtesy on the acquaintances whom As a transient pleasure to please? Uaeadsiin anil Telford. Macadam, from whom the road so called takes its name, maintained that the foundation of the road should not be of large stone at all, nor should it of necessity lie of an unyielding nature, and he made the comparative cost of main taining a road with a roadbed of solid rock and one having a soft soil or morass for foundation as 7 to 5. Macadam maintained strenuously that a stone over one inch in diameter destructive in a road, as it had a was tendency’ to tip when a wheel came on it, and thus moved the adjacent material. He afterward substituted weight for size and made six ounces the maximum stone that was to be used. He bae a considerable following among the You Take No Risk In buying Hood'&^brsapariLa. f<* it is everywhere recoin iv mStiri standard buikting-up medicine and blood Mu rifler. It has woo its way to the front by it* own intrinsic merit, and has the largest sale Of any preparation of its kind. Any honest d%mst will confirm this statement. If yon da«e to take Hood s Sarsaparilla do not be Induced to bur any- French and English engineers, but in this country’ the Telford foundation is generally preferred. The specifications for Telford, as giveD by Parnell’s Treatise, London, 1833, give the following directions: Prepare the roadbed of the required shape, and ob this set stones by hand, to form a close pavement. Set the stones carefully on their broadest edge, lengthwise aer os? the road, the upper faces not to be more than four inches in breadth. Break off all irregularities with a hammer and fill all interstices with stone chips, well rammed in between the larger pieces, tc make a compact mass. On this place a layer of stone as nearly cubical in form aa practicable and about two and a h^if inches in diameter to a depth of four inches, and then two inch** more to be added as a second layer, and finally the whole to be covered with one and a half inches of gravel, free from clay or earth. Parnell says that the presence of binding material on a new* road is a positive detriment, as it prevents solidity by getting between the stones. Neither Macadam nor Telford used rollers.—Prize Essay in The Engineering and Building Record. Protestant Episcopal, The mission started in Paris in IF the Rev. Dr. R. W. Mac All, an Protestant preacher, has since over France. It is known as the aion Populace Evangelique de and has twenty-nine mission Paris and 102 in the rest of Fra# his eighteen years of work Dr. FTK UT, 4 has not received a penny of salary The Bishop of Arkansas tized a gentleman by triune the-candidate kneeling and being face foremost. A Baptist ing the ceremony said he had something, and hereafter w arfld candidates face foremost, ana build a baptistry in snch a way minister could remain outside of Christ Church hospital, owes its origin to the Kearsly in 1769. Its were $17,947.83. An ai to endow the excellent it ought at once to have in least $100,000, so that the can be opened and kept fuIL The second ann aal report copal City Mission society, knowledges the receipt U months of $20,980.69. The assets of the society are has three churches under its ministers to hospitals, grants and prisons, and women as visitors among of theological students. The parishioners of Angeles, Cal., are to meetings to receive from ports of the condition of is a good example to experience proves that will not keep itself alive Easter. Indirect Benefit from Good Road*. Under our present system the tendency ters of population. The following item, Ft. (Iowa) Democrat, tion w’ell worth John Both, of this cl an accident a few brushing his leg and was cured by one 50 < berlain’s Pain Balgj without an equal f« ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Burlington Hawk Eye

RealCheck