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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - June 8, 1890, Burlington, Iowa THE BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE CIRCULATION 5,000 COPIES. <: ESTABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.) BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 8, 1890.-EIGHT PAGES. The attention of att cert i secs is catted to th# roo' that the circulation of (he baity Bauk-Eye n<cr reaches it a acreage of Fire T7p:u-samt copies ir e day. (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WEEK. THE DESERTER. WRITTEN BY CAPTAIN CHARLES KING, U. S. N. AUTHOR OF “DUSKAVEN RANCH,” “THE COLONEL’S DAUGHTER,” “MARION’S FAITH,” ETC., ETC. [Copyright, 1890, for The Hawk-Eye.] CHAPTER XVIII. THERE had been a scene of somewhat dramatic nature at the colonel’s office but a short time before, and one that had fewer witnesses. Agitated, nervous and eventually astonished as Captain Rayner had been when the colonel had revealed to him the nature of Clancy’s confession, he was far more excited and tremulous when he returned a second time. The commanding officer had been sitting deep in thought. If was but natural that a man should show great emotion on learning lhat the evidence lie had given, which had condemned a brother officer to years of solitary punishment, was now disproved. It was to bo expected that Rayner should be tremulous and excited. Ile had been looking worse arid worse for a long time past; and now that it was es-sablished that he must have been mistaken in what be I bought lie saw and beard at Eat t ie Butte, it was to be expected that he should show the utmost consternation arid an immediate desire to make amends. He bad shown great emotion; he was white and rigid as the colonel told him Clancy bad made a full confession; hut the expression on bis face when informed that the man bad admitted that lie and Sergt. Gower were the only ones guilty of I bo cli nu—that Clancy and Gower divided the guilt as they bad the money—was a puzzle to the colonel. Capt. Rayner seemed daft; it was a look L>f wild relief, half unbelief, half delight, that shot across bis bagged features. It was evident that lie bud not heard at all what lie expected. The. v. us what, puzzled tho colonel, lie had been pondering over It ever since the captain's hurried departure “to tell bis wife.” “We—we had expected—made all preparations to take this afternoon’s train for tho east,'1 lie stammered. “We are all torii up, all ready to start, and the ladies ought to go; but I cannot feel like going in the face of this." “There is no reason why you should not go, captain. I am told Mrs. Rayner should leave at once. If need be, you can return from Chicago. Everything will (OIL ° be attended to properly. Of coifrse you will know what to do towards Mr. Hayne. Indeed, I think it might bo hest for you to go.” But Hay nor seemed hardly listening; and tho colonel was not a man to throw his words away. “You might see Mrs. Rayner at once, and return by and by,” he said; and Rayner gladly escaped, and went home with tho wonderful news ha had to tell his wife. And now a second time he was back, and was urging upon tho commanding officer th<‘ necessity of telegraphing and capturing Mrs. Clancy. In plain words he told the colonel he believed that she had escaped with the greater part of the money. Tho colonel smiled: “That was attended to early I his morning, captain. Hayne and the major asked that she he secured, axal the moment we found lier lied it continued their suspicions, and Billings sent dispatches in every direr!inn. She can’t getaway! She was his temptress, and I mean to make lier share all tie' punishment.” “Colonel," exclaimed Rayner, while heads of sweat stood out on his forehead, “she is worse -a thousximl times worse! Tho woman is a fiend. She is the devil in petticoats aud ingenuity. My God! sir, I have been in torment for weeks past—my poor wife and I. I have been criminally, coward In weak; but I did not know what lo do where to turn—how to take it—how to meet it. Let me tell you.” And now great tears were standing in his eyes and beginning to trickle down his cheeks. I Ie dashed them away. His lips were quivering, and lie strode nervously up and down the matted floor. “When you refused to let Clancy re-en-list in the —th, two years after Battle Butte, he came to me and told me a story. Ho, too, had declared, as I did, that he had seen the money packages in Hayne’s hands, and lie said the real reason he was kicked out of the —th was because the officers and men took sides with Hayne and thought he had sworn his reputation away, lie begged mo not to ‘go back on him’ as his own regiment had, and I thought he was being persecuted because he told the truth. God knows I fully believed Hayne guilty for more than three years—it is only within the hast year or so I began to have doubts; and so I took Clancy into B company and soon made Mrs. Clancy a laundress. But she made trouble for us all, and there was something uncanny about, them. She kept throwing out mysterious hints I could not understand when rumors of them reached me; and at last came the tire that burned them out, and then the stories of what Clancy had said in his delirium; and then she came to my wife and told her a yarn that—she swore to its truth, and nearly drove Mrs. Rayner wild with anxiety. Silo swore that when Clancy got to drinking ho imagined he had seen me take that money from Capt. Hull’s saddle bags and replace the sealed package; she said he was ready to swear that ho and Gower—the deserter—and two of our men, honorably discharged now and living on ranches down in Nebraska, could all swear—would all swear—to the same thing—that I was the thief. ‘Sure you know it couldn’t bo so, ma’am; and yet he wants to go and tell Mr. Hayne,’ she would say; ‘there’s the four of em would swear to it, though Gower’s evidence would be no good; but the two men could hurt the captain.’ lier ingenuity was devilish, for one of the men I had severely punished once in the Black Hills, and both hated mo and had sworn they would get even with me yet. God help me, colonel, seeing every day the growing conviction that Hayne was innocent, that somebody else must be guilty, I thought, what if this man should, iii drunken gratitude to Hayne for saving his life, go to him aud tell him this story, then back it un be-tore the officials and call in these two others? I was weak, but it appalled me. I determined to get him out of the way of such a possibility. I got his discharge, and meantime strove to prevent his drinking or going near Hayne. She knew the real story he would tell. This was her devilish plan to keep me on watch against him. I never dreamed the real truth. She swore to me that $300 was aU the money they had. I believed that when he confessed it would be what she declared. I never dreamed that Clancy and his confederate were the thieves; I never believed the money was taken until after Hayne received it I saw how Hayne’s guilt was believed in even in the face of contradictory evidence before the court. What would ho the tendency if three men together were ie swear against me, now mat everybody thought him w ronged? I know very well what you will think of my cowardice. I know you and your officers will say I should have given him every chance—should have courted investigation; and I meant to do so, but first I wanted to hear from those discharged men in Nebraska. The whole scheme would have been exploded fwo months ago had I not been a coward; but night after night something kept whispering to me, ‘You have wrecked and ruined a friendless young soldier’s life. You shall be brought as low.’ ” The colonel was, as he afterwards remarked, hardly equal to the occasion. He had as much contempt for moral weakness in a soldier as he had for physical cowardice; but Rayner’s almost abject recital of his months of misery really left him nothing to say. Had the captain sought to defend or justify any detail of his conduct, he would have pounced on him like a panther. Twice the adjutant, sitting an absorbed and silent listener, thought the chief on the verge of an outbreak; but it never came. For some minutes after Rayner ceased the colonel sat steadily regarding him. At last he spoke: “You have been so frank in your statement, captain, that I feel you fully appreciate how such deplorable weakness must be regarded in an officer. It is unnecessary for me to speak of that. The full particulars of Clancy's confession are not yet writb me. Maj. Waldron has it all in writing, and Mr. Billings has merely told me the general features. Of course you shall have a copy cf it in good time. As you go east, today and have your wife and household to think for, it may be jib well that you do not attempt to see Mr. Hayne before starting. And this matter will not be discussed.” And so it happened that when the Rayners drove to the station that bright afternoon and a throng of ladies and officers gathered to see them off, some of the youngsters going with them into town to await the coming of the train, Nellie Travers had been surrounded by chattering friends of both sexes, constantly occupied and yet constantly looking for ti ie face of one who came not. For an houjj before their departure every tongue in garrison that wagged at all—and few there were that wagged not—were discoursing on the exciting events of the morning—Hayne’s emancipation from the last vestige of suspicion, Clancy’s capture, confession and tragic death, Mrs. Clancy’s flight and probable future. At Rayner’s people spoke of these things very guardedly, because every one saw that the captain was moved to the depths of his nature. Ile was solemnity itself, and Mrs. Rayner watched him with deep anxiety, fearful that lie might be exposed to some thoughtless or malicious questioning. lier surveillance was needless, however; even Ross made no allusion to the events of the morning, though he communi-cated to his fellows in the subsequent contidences of the club room that Midas looked as though he'd been pulled through a series of knot holes. “Looks more's though he were going to his own funeral than on leave.” he added. As for Hayne, he had been closeted with the colonel and Maj. Waldron for some time after his return—a conference that was broken in upon by the startling news of Clancy's death. Then he had joined his friend, tile doctor, at the hospital, and was still there, striving to comfort little Rate, who could not be induced to Boil vt* her father’s rapidly stiff-oning form, when Mrs. Waldron re-entered the room. Drawing the child to hor side and folding her motherly arms about her, she looked up iii Hayne’s pale face: “They are going in five minutes. Don't you mean to see her?” “Not there—not under his roof or iii that- crowd. I will go to the station.” “I must run over and say good-by in a moment—when the carriage goes around. Shall—shall I say you will come?” There was a light in his blue eyes she was just beginning to notice now as she studied his face. A smile flickered one instant about the coiners of his mouth, and then he held out his hand; “She knows by this time, Mrs. Waldron." An hour later Mrs. Rayner was standing oil the platform at the station, Ross and others of her satellites hanging about her; Capt. Rayner was talking in subdued tones with one or two of the senior officers; Miss Travers, looking feverishly pretty, was chatting busily with Royce and Foster, though a close observer could have noted that her dark eyes often sought the westward prairie over which wound the road to the distant post. It was nearly train time, and three or four horsemen could be seen at various distances, while, far out towards the fort, long skirmish lilies aud fluttering guidons were sweeping over the slopes in mimic war array. “I have missed all this,’’ she said, pointing to the scene; “and I do love it so that it seems hard to go just as all the real soldier life is beginning.’’ “Goodness knows you’ve had offers enough to keep you here,” said Foster, with not the blithest laugh in the world. “Any girl who will go east and marry a ‘cit’ and leave six or seven penniless subs sighing behind her. I have my opinion of: she’s eminently level headed,” he added, with rueful and unexpected candor. “I have hopes of Miss Travers yet," boomed Royce, in his ponderous basso; “not personal hopes, Foster—you needn’t feel for your pistol—but I believe that her heart is with the army, like the soldier's daughter she is.” And, audacious as was the speech and deserving of instant rebuke, Mr. Royce was startled to see her reddening vividly. He would have plunged into hasty apology, but Foster plucked his sleeve: “Look who's coming, you galoot! She hasn’t heard a word either of us has said.” And though Nellie Travers, noting the sudden silence, burst into an immediate and utterly irrelevant lament over the loss of the Maltese kitten—which had not been seen all that day and was not to be found when they came away—it was useless. The effort was gallant, but the flame in her cheeks betrayed her as, throwing his reins to the orderly who followed him, Mr. Hayne dismounted at the platform and came directly towards her. To Mrs. Rayner’s unspeakable dismay, he walked up to the trio, bowed low over the little gloved hand that was extended in answer to the proffer of his own, and next she saw that Royce and Foster had, as though by tacit consent, fallen back, and, coram publico, Mr. Hayne was sole claimant of the regards of her baby sister. There was but one comfort in the situation: the train was in sight. Forgetful, reckless for. the mo* ment, of wnat was going on around her, she stood gazing at the pair. No woman could fail to read the story; no woman could see his face, his eyes, his w hole attitude and expression, and not read therein that old, old story that grows sweeter with every century of its life. That he should be inspired with sudden, vehement love for her exquisite Nell was something she could readily understand; but what—what meant her downcast eyes, the flutter of color on her soft and rounded cheek, the shy uplifting of the fringed lids from time to time as though in response to eager question or appeal? Heavens! would that train never come? The whistle was sounding in the distance, but it would take ages to drag those heavy Pullmans up the grade from the bridge where they had yet to stop. She could almost have darted forward, seized her sister by the wrist, and whispered again the baleful reminder that of late had had no mention between them—“Thou art another’s;” but in her distress her weak blue eyes sought her husband'3 face. He saw it all, and shook his head. Then there was nothing to be done. As the train came rumbling finally into the station she saw him once more clasp her sister’s hand; then, with one long look into the sweet face that was hidden from her jealous eyes, he raised his forage cap and stepped quickly back to where his horse was held. Her husband hastened to her side: “Rate, I must speak to him. I don't care how he may take it. I cannot go without it.” They all watched the tall captain as he strode across Hie platform. Every man in uniform seemed to know instinctively that Rayner at last was seeking to make open reparation for the bitter wrong he had done. One or two strove to begin a general chat and affect an interest in something else for Mrs. Eayner's benefit, but she, with trembling lips, stood gazing after lier husband and seemed to beg for silence. Then all abandoned other occupation, and every man stood still and watched them. Hayne had quickly swung into saddle, and had turned for one more look, when he saw his captain with ashen face striding towards him, and heard him call his name. “By Jove!” muttered Ross, “what command that fellow' has over himself!” for, scrupulously observant of military etiquette, Mr. Hayne on being addressed by his superior officer had instantly dismounted, and now stood silently facing him. Even at the distance, there were some who thought they could see his features twitching; but his blue eyes were calm and steady—far clearer than they had been but a moment agone when gazing good-by into the sweet face they worshiped. None could hear what passed between them. The talk was very brief; but Ross almost gasped with amaze, other officers looked at one another in utter astonishment, and Mrs. Rayner fairly sobbed with excitement and emotion, when Mr. Hayne was seen to hold forth his hand, and Rayner, grasping it eagerly in both of his own, shook it once, then strode hastily away towards the rear of tho train. His eyes were filled with tears he could not repress and could not bear to show. That evening as the train woupd steadily eastward into the shadows orthe night, and they looked out in farewell upon the slopes they had last seen when a wintry gale swept fiercely over the frozen surface and the shallow ravines were streaked with snow, Rate Rayner, after a long talk with her husband, and abandoning her boy to the sole guardianship of his nurse, settled herself by Nellie's side, and Nellie knew that she either sought confidences or had them to impart. Something of the old, quizzical look was playing about the corner of her pretty mouth as lier elder sister, with feminine indirectness, began her verbal skirmishing with the subject. It was some time before the question was reached which led to her real objective: “Did he—did Mr. Hayne tell you much about Clancy?’’ “Not much. There was no time.” ‘You had fully ten minutes, I’m sure. It seemed even longer.” “Four by the clock, Rate.’’ “Well, four, then. He must have had something of greater interest.” No answer. Cheeks reddening, though. “Didn't lie?"—persistently. “I will tell you what he told me of Clancy, Rate. Mrs. Clancy had utterly deceived you as to what he had to tell, had she not?” “Utterly.” And now it was Mrs. Rayner's turn to color painfully. “Mr. Hayne tells me that Clancy's confession really explained how Capt. Rayner was mistaken. It was not so much the captain's fault, after all.” “So Mr. Hayne told him. You knew’ they—you saw Mr. Hayne offer him his hand. didn’t you?” “I did not see: I knew’ he would.” More vivid color, and much hesitation now. “Knew- he would! Why, Nellie, what do you mean? He didn't tell you that he was to see Capt. Rayner. He couldn’t have know’n.” “But I knew, Rate; and I told him how the captain had suffered.” “But how could you know that he would shake Iiands with him?” “He promised me.” The silence was unbroken for a moment. Nellie Travers could hear the beating of her own heart as she nestled closer to her sister and stole a hand into liers. Mrs. Rayner was trying hard to be dutiful, stern, unbending, to keep her faith with the distant lover in the east, whether Nell was true or no; but silo had been so humbled, so changed, so shaken, by the events of the past few weeks, that she felt all lier old spirit of guardianship ebbing away. “Must I give you up, Nell? and must he, too?—Mr. Yan Antwerp?” “He has not answered my last letter, Rate. It is nearly a week since I have heard from him.” “What did you write, Nellie?” “What I had done twice before—that be ought to release me.” “And—is Clancy's the only confession roil have heard today?” “The only one.” A pause, then: “I mow what you mean, Rate; but he is lot the man to—to offer his love to a girl ie knows is pledged to another.” “But if you were free, Nellie? Tell ne.” “I have no right to say, Rate; but”— md two big tears were welling up into her brave eyes, as she clasped her hands md stretched them yearningly before her—“shall I tell you what I think a girl would say if she were free and had won his love?” “What, Nellie?” “She would say ‘Ay.’ No woman with a heart could leave a man who has borne so much and come through it all so bravely.” Poor Mrs. Rayner! Humbled and chastened as she was, what refuge had she but tears, and then prayer? Within the week succeeding the departure of the Rayners and Miss Travers, Lieut. Hayne’s brother-in-law and his remarkably attractive sister were with him in garrison and helping him fit up tile new quarters which the colonel had rather insisted on his moving into and occupying, even though two unmarried subalterns had to move out and make way for him. This they seemed rather delighted to do. There was a prevailing sentiment at Warrener that nothing was too good for Hayne nowadays; and he took ail his adulation so quietly and modestly that there was difficulty in telling just how it affected him. Towards those who had known him well in the days of his early service he still maintained a dignity and reserve of manner that kept them at some distance. To others, especially to the youngsters in the —th as well as to those in the Riflers, he unbent entirely, and was frank, unaffected and warm hearted. He seemed to bask in the sunshine of the respect and consideration accorded him on every side. Yet no one could say he seemed happy. Courteous, grave far beyond his years, silent and thoughtful, he impressed them all as a man who had suffered too much ever again to be light hearted. Then it was more than believed he had fallen deeply in love with Nellie Travers; and that explained the rarity and sadness of his smile. To the women he was the center of intense and romantic interest. Mrs. Waldron was an object of jealousy because of the priority of her claims to his regard. Mrs. Hurley—the sweet sister who so strongly resembled him— was the recipient of universal attention from both sexes. Hayne and tho Hurleys, indeed, would have been invited to several places an evening could they have accepted. And yet, with it all, Mr. Hayne seemed at times greatly preoccupied. He had a great deal to think of. To begin with, the widow Clancy had been captured in one of the mining towns, where she had sought refuge, and brought back by the civil authorities, nearly $3,000 in greenbacks having been found in her possession. She had fought like a fury and proved too much for the sheriff's posse when first arrested, and not until three days after her incarceration was the entire amount brought to light. There was no question what ought to be done with it. Clancy's confession established the fact that almost the entire amount was stolen from Capt. Hull nearly six years before, the night previous to his tragic death at Battle Butte. Mrs. Clancy at first had furiously declared it all a lie; but Waldron’s and Billings’ precaution in having Clancy's entire story taken down by a notary public and sworn to before him eventually broke her down. She made her miserable, whining admissions to the sheriff's officers in town —the colonel would not have her on the post even as a prisoner—and there she was still held awaiting further disclosures, while little Rate was lovingly cared for at Mrs. Waldron’s. Poor old Clancy was buried and on the way to be forgotten. What proved the hardest problem for the garrison to solve was the fact that, while Mr. Hayne kept several of his old associates at a distance, he had openly offered his hand to Rayner. This wa3 something the Riflers could not account for. The intensity of his feeling at the time of the court martial none could forget; the vehemence of His denunciation of the captain was still fresh in the memory of those who heard it. Then there were all those years in which Rayner had continued to crowd him to the wall; and finally there was the almost tragic episode of Buxton’s midnight visitation, in which Rayner, willingly or not, had been in attendance. Was it not odd that in tile face of all these considerations the first man to whom Mr. Hayne should have offered his hand was Capt. Rayner? Odd indeed! But then only one or two were made acquainted with the full particulars of Clancy’s confession, and none had heard Nellie Travers’ request. Touched as he was by the sight of Rayner’s haggard and trouble-worn face, relieved as he was by Clancy’s revelation of the web that had been woven to cover the tracks of the thieves and ensnare the feet of the pursuers, Hayne could not have found it possible to offer Ids hand; but when lie bent over the tiny glove and looked into her soft and brimming eyes at the moment of their parting he could not say no to the one thing she asked of bim: it was that if Rayner came to say, “Forgive me,’’ before they left, he would not repel him. There was one man in garrison whom Hayne cut entirely, and for whom no one felt the faintest sympathy; and that, of course, was Buxton. With Rayner gone, he hardly had an associate, though the esprit de corps of the —th prompted the cavalry officers to be civil to him when he appeared at the billiard room. As Mr. Hurley was fond of the game, an element of awkwardness was manifest the first time the young officers appeared with their engineer friend. Hayne had not set foot in such a place for five years, and quietly declined all invitations to take a cue again. It was remembered of him that he played the prettiest game of French carroms of all,the officers at the station when he joined the Riflers as a boy. Hurley could only stay a very short time, and the subalterns were doing their best to make it lively for him. Some, indeed, showed strong inclination to devote themselves to Mrs. Hurley; but she was too busy with her brother's household affairs to detect their projects. Hurley had turned very red and glared at Buxton the first time the two met at the club room, but the bulky captain speedily found cover under which to retire, and never again showed himself in general society until the engineer with the scientific attainments as a boxer as well as road builder was safely out of the post. And yet there came a day very soon when Mr. Hayne wished that he could go to Buxton's quarters. He had in no wise changed his opinion of the man himself, but the Rayners had not been gone a fortnight before Mrs. Buxton began to tell the ladies of the charming letters she was receiving from Mrs. Rayner—all about their travels. There were manythings he longed to know, yet could not ask. There came to him a long and sorrowful letter from the captain himself, but, beyond a few matters relating to the company and the transfer of its property, it was all given up to a recapitulation of the troubles of the past few years and to renewed expressions of his deep regret. Of the ladies he made but casual mention. They were journeying down the Mississippi on one of its big steamers when he wrote, and Mrs. Rayner was able to enjoy the novelties of the trip, and was getting better, but still required careful nursing. Travers was devoted to her. would go to New Orleans, then possibly by sea around to New York, arriving there about the 5th of June; that, however, was undecided. He closed by asking Hayne to remind Maj. Waldron that his copy of Clancy's confession had not yet reached him. and lie was anxious to see it in full. TO BE CONTINUED. IN Valuable Suggestions from a Prize Essay on Road Construction. Good Advice to Farmers About Pike Roads —Congress and the Highways—Good Roads Improve Property— Value of Road Machines. T Facts Worth Knowing. In all diseases of the nasal mucous membrane the remedy used must be non-irritating. The medical profession has been slow to learn this. Nothing satisfactory can be accomplished with douches, snuffs, powders or syringes because they are all irritating, do not thoroughly reach the affected surfaces and should be abandoned as worse tram failures. A multitude of persons who had for years borne all the worry and pain that caburn oui inflict testify to radical cures wrought by Ely’s Cream Balm. HE following extracts from Hic Engineering and Building Record's prize essay on road making (by S. C. Thompson. New York) contain many valuable facts: Where curves are required make them as fiat as possible, and on a first class road, where long trucks or loads are liable to come, only in extreme cases should it exceed a curve of fifty feet radius. On mountainous roads it sometimes becomes necessary to increase the curve to a radius of twenty feet. A man can walk up a slope of IOO in 120, and a horse or mule can ascend an incline of IOO in 175, and it has been found by experiment that a horse pulling his maximum load tm a level can pull but four-fifths as much if the slope is made I in 50, and this gradually lessens until with a slope of I in IO he can draw but one-fourth as much as his level load. The maximum grade established by the French Government Board of Engineers is I in 20. The Holyhead road in Wales uses I in 30 as a maximum, except in two cases. The road over the Simplon Pass averages 1.22 on Italian side, and I to IT on Swiss side, with one case of I to 13, and iii this spite several turnpike roads are limited by law I in 11. In laying out a road, with regard to grades, have a continuous inclination in one direction, and do not aflow any counter grades, for, iii ascending, each foot descended on a counter grade means just so much more rise to be overcome. Where a long incline becomes necessary it will be found economical to make the first portion the steeliest and decrease it as it ascends, and if the slope can be varied by occasional level stretches the efficiency of the road will be greatly increased. The roadbed on steep slopes is subject to greater wear from the feet of horses in ascending, and is much more subject to serious erosion by heavy rains. Where the roadway is too wide it usually results in no part being kept in good repair, while if it was narrowed the j whole could be kept in first class condi- ; tion at less expense, and a well kept road 1 of even twenty feet width is far prefera- ! hie to a road but half maintained of j double the width. In laying out it may be advisable to 1 take a strip considerably wider than the intended roadbed, so as to provide for possible contingencies iii the future when the land becomes more valuable. Lay out sufficiently wide, but build only so much as can be kept iii thorough repair. The essential requirements of a good roadbed are that it shall be practically unyielding—smooth on the surface, and impervious to water, and without these requirements there can be but little durability. No matter wliat the material maj’ be, a proper attention given to drainage will be found to be a good, investment, both as to first cost and future maintenance. In this climate the worst enemies to building or properly maintaining a roadbed are water and frost, and if the first is kept out the second will have little or no effect, as the surface will not be affected, and heaving will be reduced to a minimum. Again, if a roadbed is thorough! drained it dries much more promptly, and has less mud and less dust. For earth roads, as commonly built, there is but little to be said, and thej’ should only be tolerated in a new county* or where there is absolutely nothing but earth of which to make a road. Yet with earth alone a very passable road can be made and maintained, if sufficient care is taken to have it thoroughly* drained and the surface of proper shape. The persistent care with which some of the so called road surveyors in the country excavate the material which has washed into the gutters and replace it upon the center of the road seems to indicate a belief that the powers of man surpass and are superior to those of nature. For surface draining, ditches should be provided along each side of tho road having sufficient filii to promptly carry away any water that reaches them. , Where it becomes necessary to carry the : water across the roadway culverts should ; be provided. All drains should have a continuous fall throughout their entire length, and the size will depend upon the inclination and the amount of water they are expected to carry. In portions of the country where gravel is easily obtainable a very satisfactory road can be made by making the surface for a greater or less depth of gravel. % Prepare the foundation so as to allow for prompt drainage, and shape as the finished road is intended to be; make the sides of the road planes, and not curves, and then roll thoroughly to get a solid foundation. Put on a layer of gravel from six inches to eight inches in thickness, sprinkle thoroughly and roll till very compact and firm. Next spread another layer from four to six inches of gravel, and sprinkle and roll till the desired hardness and smoothness are obtained. If the gravel has no binding material in it, a sufficient amount may be incorporated in the last layer to cause it to take a good bond. Where it is possible to get blue gravel or hard pan and clean bank gravel, the two can be so mixed as to give a surface almost like concrete in hardiness. When the two are used together a two horse grooved roller for the first layer will be found very effective, and the material should’be quite wet while rolling. The surface can then be finished with a steam roller, or wi th a smooth roller sufficiently loaded to give the requisite weight. In completing the surface of a gravel, or other road. where rolling is required, the weight of the roller should be as much per inch as the weight per inch on the tire of the heaviest vehicle likely to Miss I pass over it. For ordinary traffic a very They i tearable and economical surface can be produced in this way. G«oi\Adrice to Farmer* on the Subject of Pike Making. “I sn heartily in favor of good roads,” said G. S. McCann at a recent meeting of the Elmira Farmers’ club. “I think all roads ought to be four rods wide, the grading should be done as early in the season as possible, the stone should be taken out often and the holes filled up. On the hill roads the water should be turned out often and not allowed to run far enough to wash the roads. Some farmers object to having the water turned out of the road upon their fields, but I would not. I think it is a great advantage to the fields. The hill roads are ofteu.netdected where ten minutes’ work coming me water out would save many days’ work repairing. “The office of overseer of highways is a very thankless office. The public find fault with him if he does not keep the road in good condition, and the inhabitants of the district are mad if he compels them to work their time out. The hardest tax to collect is the road tax of the one day men who have no real estate. Many of them will not work on the road. and nothing can be collected from them. I would like to have a law passed compelling them to work one day on the road or pa}* the overseer $1 once in each year before the}* were allowed to vote. I think the town should furnish each road district with a scraper and a proper number of road machines in the town to do the work. “Three men and two teams with a road machine will do more grading than a dozen teams and twenty men with the old fashioned scraper and plow. I think it is best to put as little time as possible on the whole district and make it passable, and then take the balance of the time and commence at one end of the district and grade the road as far as the balance of the time will permit, the next year commencing where leaving off the year before, and continuing in this manner until the whole district has been turnpiked: when this is done it is an easy matter to keep the road in good condition. “It requires more work to keep a road in good condition on cia}* soil than it does on gravelly* soil: there is time enough on most road districts to keep them iii good condition, if the time was all worked out, hut it is almost impossible to get it worked when it ought to be. I am informed that there are several road districts in the town of Elmira upon which there was not a day’s work done last year. I think the best road is the macadamized road, although gravel makes a good road. I think the time is coming when roads will be made more cheaply than now. I think iii time iron will be used for roads. The grass and weeds ought to be cut at least twice iii each year. I am in favor of a walk iii the center of the highway with a row of trees on each side. The farmers ought to take pride in having good roads, but they do not; most of them would rather travel over a rough stonj’ road than to work their time out. I think if each town would bu\* one or two stone crushers and keep them at work all the time we would soon have good roads. I would liko a law passed to use the prisoners of tins state in making the roads.” FEMINISE FEATURES. the space of a second; falls to the side, and again rises to t ike a part in the conversa- _ lion. The type cl the face which beams above every fan in Caban high life is diffi-Domestic and Practical Suggestions cult to describe. The complexion varies from olive to white; deep black hair is the prevalent hue; but the eyes! Luminous, j dreamy, so large, dark and vivid. La Sen-j orita, with her certain childlike frankness, but with a provoking richness and fire of for Women. Making the lied Room Attractive—Cost of a Tailor Made Dress—Value of Soap for the Face—Various Useful Hints for Housekeeper*. F Congress and the Highways. It has been said that the poems of Sir Walter Scott did much to temper the political feelings between England and Scotland; but who can doubt “that the great military roads opened bv Marshal Wade through the Highlands of Scotland and perfected and extended by Thomas Telford have done more for the civilization of the Highlanders than the preceding efforts of all the British monarchs?” The question of internal improvements is one of vital importance to the national and state governments. Whether it is lawful for congress to appropriate money for the construction of highways depends entirely upon the interpretation of the constitution regarding the powers granted by’ it. We find that as earl}’as I SOG the national government, by special appropriation and giants, did make provision for the Cumberland road, and though Madison, Monroe and Jackson felt compelled to veto similar bills on constitutional grounds they never for a moment denied the wisdom of appropriating money for such purposes. But v> I th regard to the state there is no qn-vtion. The same provision which p< null - the construction and maintenance of ca nals enables her to construct and main; ain roads, and to this end there is before the New York state legislature at Albany a bill providing for the. construction by the state of two macadam highways iii each county, said highways to lie continuous and to intersect as nearly as maj’ be at the county seat. When completed this plan will embrace about 3.000 miles of roadway’, and to cost $10,000,000. The advantages of the plan are that it throws the cost of construction and repair equally’ upon the assessable property of the state, and serves, at the same time, as an object lesson to the counties, which, seeing the value of good roads, will insist upon their construction. At first it may seem to some that the plan im]loses an unjust tax upon our cities; hut when we reflect that good roads are equally beneficial to every citizen, whether iii city or country’, and that | our thirty-two cities paid in 1888 a trifle I less than one-half of the taxes, there will ippear to be no just cause for complaint. I —Address by Dr. Charles S. Butler. Cost of Roads. The cost of the various kinds of roads it is difficult to stcte, as there are so many* different factors to influence the cost iii each locality*. In Bridgeport, Conn., a road of nearly 40 miles of good macadam, from 18 to 20 feet wide, had cost, including some grading, with the maintenance and repairs following the extensive renewals of an old water pipe service, 5G.14 cents per lineal foot. It may I*? stated generally a macadam road costs from $3,000 to $8,000 pier mile, according to whether the Telford foundation is used. It is thought on careful survey of the nature of the Rhode Island soil that the new highways can be built for $4,000 lier mile, or at a total cost of $1,000,000 for the aggregate of 230 miles. The cost, though apparently burdensome, is more so to the cities than to the towns. The payment will be by* the state assuming perhaps two-thirds of the cost, the balance being paid proportionally by the several towns. As these taxes will be divided on the basis of state valuation, it becomes more evident that the cost to the towns will be comparatively small.—Providence Journal. HR bedroom use nothing is more convenient Than one or more low otto- j mans As a seat before the dresser for hair dressing purposes it is preferable to a chair, and whenever a low chair would be used in making one's toilet an ottoman i* equally suitable, j I pliolstered and with springs ottomans i are quite expensive affairs, but almost I any one can get up a useful and pretty one with a little ingenuity aud moor. j Grocers generally have boxes that are right as to size aud shape for such a bit of furnishing. so a foundation can easily lie procured. If merely a seat is wanted, a Ih>x turned upside down is the beginning, aud the covering may lie as varied as individual tastes can make it. Excelsior should be put over the top to pad it oui comfortably, and over this a piece of ticking or stout muslin should i>e tacked to hold it iu place and make it easier to fit on the outer cover. If the box is smooth enough the sides can be stained and a tassel fringe of silk, cotton or wool puton as deep as the box itself. Plush, turcoman or the velour squares in a pattern maybe used as a top covering. The cretonnes t hat come in tapest ry designs are very pretty . with cotton tassel fringe. lf the ottoman is to be utilized for a shoe or bonnet Imix it must have a cover hinged on and the inside must be made neat and presentable by a silisia lining, lf shoes are to be kept in it pockets can lie put around the four sides for holding them. Castors may be added also to move it easily. A cover that is pretty for a room where cretonne is used is of the same material, with very full frill plaited on and a short tufty fringe added for a heading and as a finish at the bottom of the frill also. Big square headed brass tacks are the prettiest things to fasten the frill and fringe or gimp to the box. The good effect and usefulness of such an ottoman will well repay the outlay’ of money, time and labor silent on constructing it.—Washington Star. Cost of a Tailor Made Dress. Any woman who can make a dress is entitled to $25, provided it is made right and gives satisfaction. In such a case it is not only* cheap, but a positive luxury. It gives a customer grace, ease, comfort and service. It puts her at-her best. There is about a well made costume a finish that comes from intelligence and is wholly lacking in a hit or miss lit. You can’t tell a new artistic gown. It is fresh, bright, pleasing and ultra, but not new for tin* reason that fine trimmings are used. The linings have body without starch, anil the whalebones bend to the figure instead of from it, as is the case with steels and celluloid. Then, too, there are the delicate ruchings about the neck and sleeves, the cloth lined pocket and the faint scent of lavender orris or attar that is not a characteristic of cheap finery. The thing is, after all, as broad as it is long. By close buying a dress pattern can be had for $10. The findings will cost $5, which, with $25 for making by an artiste, will bring tile total to $40. This means the very* perfection of a fit, a quiet, lady like style and a costume that may be worn six months without interruption if necessary’. While It lasts the owner has the satisfaction of knowing and feeling that she is dressed like a lady. On the other hand the customer, being ill advised, pays $20 for some alleged importation and $5 for linings, threads, etc. The dressmaker recklessly chops into the cloth and, finding herself limited,demands a buckle, some passementerie aud a bolt of ribbon to finish off and cover up her blunder. By the time it is finished the bill of expenses amounts to $40, at t Ie very lowest estimate. The dress is a failure; it fits badly and feels worse, end not a penny's worth of comfort remains for the Witch of Endor figure you rut or the hours wasted in going to and from the cloth butcher.— New York World. Value of Soap for the Face. I went once to a doctor to consult him about a slight eruption on my face, and what do you think lie told me? That it was probably* owing to dirt! I dirty, with my* cold baths in the morning! I was furious, but when he explained himself was forced to acknowledge that he might bo right, lie said: “In the first place, a good many people do not use soap on their faces, claiming that it injures the skin. Now, soap is absolutely necessary to remove the exudations of the skin, and the face certainly has more of these than the hands, and good castile soap will not hurt any face. Then most of you fill a basin with water, soap yourself, wash arid rinse in it. Why, don't you see you are washing iii the dirt you try* to remove? And very little of it does come off, but, mingled with soapsuds, stays on to dry and irritate the skin. The way to do is to soap and wash yourself in the first basinful, rinse out your washrag, then in a fresh basinful wash without soap and rinse in still a third water. By this time you will be really* clean. Clothes are never fresh and white, no matter how well washed, if they are not rinsed. Better ono such washing a day* than half a dozen ■mears. And never wash just before being exposed to the air." I went home and thought the matter over. The advice was all I had for my three dollar vbit. and I finally conceded that I migli* aswell take it. In a week there was a decided difference, and people nature in her features, ensnares many a heart as she sits at her open window t wirling her fan and watching t he curling smoke from her cigarette, and, while she is kept under the strictest surveillance, she is a woman, and romantic and many are the proofs that “stone walls do not a prison make.”—Cor. louisville Courier-JournaL Savory Pancake. One large, heaped up tablespoonful of flour, a little salt and pepper to taste; mix this with half a pint of milk; add the yolks of three eggs, Avell beaten, also t avo tablespoonfuls of finely chopped parsley*, and I avo spring onions, also finely chopped; then stir in the whites of three eggs, which must l>e beaten to a stiff froth, and to do this place them on a plate, add a pinch of salt, and beat Avith a knife. Now the pancake is ready to fry; place some butter in the pan and let it boii; then pour in the mixture, aud let it brown; more butter must 1)0 added if the pancake seems likely to stick. When it is nicely brown (and to ascertain this a corner must be turned up Arith a knife to see) hold the pan in the oven for two or three minutes, and then turn it out into a dish; tho dish must not 1)0 covered av hen taken into the dining room.- Hall's Journal. An Old Time Relic. In a great huge landau is seen “Baby” BeekAvith. av hose title of “Baby” seems rather odd av hen you think she is over 40 years old—a handsome vvoman still, and one Avho av ill In* remembered and talked of in generations to come. for she amis one of the famous beauties of the Second Empire. In a l)Ook recently published Miss lleck-Avith is described as tho Avonderful American beauty who aa as present at the opening of the Suez canal. It was said at that time t hat she av as so ingenuous that Avhen a Frenchman asked her. “Who is the famous American beauty they are all talking about! ' she looked up into his face and 'fit* drives alone now. I*e with her father, a is dead, anil “Baby” isor of an enormous New York Cor. Kansas City said, “I’m the one.” ? She always used to very old man; but he Beckwith is tin* posses fortune Globe. Where Women Smoko Cigar*. The Burmese girls are very bright, and good Ijcggars, too, and when type steps up to you Avith a six inch cigar in her mouth and her comely’ person swathed in garments, tile colors of which would rival Joseph’s coat, and offers you her wares, the only thing for a man to do is to buy, and buy at once. The Burmese girls are noted, too, for their independence, ami they walk about the streets and through the bazaars and around the pagodas with big cigars in their mouths with as much freedom as do the men in most countries. Their dress is more picturesque, too, than the Arabs. They use the very brightest red, yolloAv and pink silks in their adornment and the prevailing fashion runs t oscarfs, more than to drosses, and bands of ribbons more than to jackets. I don’t believe they Arear corsets either.--Rangoon Cor. Kansas City Times. Bathe A warm salt I anyone sn fieri n r Shopping. is very refreshing to A ft« •atli g from the exhaustion of travel or of along shopping expedition— which is as trying to mind and body as anything that can be undertaken by* a woman. Away from t lie seashore a very simple substitute for seawater inn cup of rock salt dissolved in warm water and added to the bath. When salt is irritating to the skin, take a av .arm bath and sponge off with a mixture of violet or lavender water and alcohol, about half and half, and rub briskly with a warm friction towel. Such a method prevents the exhaustion and danger of cold which follow a warm bath.— New York Tribune. How to Here is an snaps, av it youth Avie gry as a b molasses (col one small en saleratus, he fill of ginger the lard, s ill AI:ik«- Ginger Snaps. ‘xeellent recipe for ginger i w hich to gladden the heart of ti it ret urns from school as hun-ar: One and two thirds cups of ornmon New Orleans molasses), of lard, one teaspoonful of ]»iiig; one heaping teaspoon-one teaspoonful of salt. Put and ginger in the flour and Investigating Bad Road*. At one time during the past winter the inhabitants of the interior -of Logan county, West Virginia, were suffering for want of food, and cattle were starving to death, all because the country roads were impassable. The country highways were just as bad in western Pennsylvania, but fortunately a multiplicity of railroads prevented any lack of food supply. At about that time The Pittsburg Dispatch started an exploring party over the counties of Allegheny, Washington, Fayette, Greene and Beaver. It consisted of a staff correspondent, a driver and a photographer. One communication from the correspondent was to the effect that the expedition nearly came to grief in a Washington county’ sink hole, and that digging cut the horses from bottomless bogs every mile or so varied the monotony of the journey. Farmers were found to be working out taxes by sitting on the roadside fences whittling and swapping stories. mix thoroughly; then pour in the molasses. and after dissolving tho saleratus in a half cup of water pour that in also Mix Avell and rollout thin. Just enough flour should be used to make the dough thick enough to roll.—New York World. A I m; for Did Towels. Is there any ii- • for other towels that have developed very thin “middles” and lost most of their fringe? If one has time to devote to such saving work, or if there are little girls in IL* family who need employment, my adv!*-*- is to cut the towels down the (enter, lengthwise, and “over and over” the edges together. This gives a firm “middle,” good enough to cut square was Ii cloths from, for those who like such, or to ms* for any other purpose for which soft old linen can lie used.—Good Housekeeping. begun to complex] feeling a gradual I; to ba hie* this si rn anv case York lh remark toe improvement in my on. The first few trials left rue i if I had lieen flayed, but the skin r gained the silky texture peculiar I told a nu miler of women of uh remedy, and it never failed in to do goo^*—Interview in New Tin Of course should not figure Is fui The Oma i Carpenters, buildcTs."lab<>rers.’amiTall mechanics, who are phrticularljr liable to cuts, bruises, wounds, sprains, overstraining', etc., should always have close at band a bottle of Pond’s Extract. Its beneficial result is almost always instantaneous. No remedy is equal to it. But great care must Tx* taken that Pond’s Extract to obtained and not any cheap and worthless imitation. See landscape trademark on boff wrapper. Science of “Makini; Eye**.” Vs chosen weapon is the eye, and an important feature of this ne av system from abroad is education in the use of that lovely organ. Within a certain range the female of our species has an instinctive perception of the manner in which her optical apparatus should be employed upon her complimentary creature in pantaloons; but science has reduced the subject to exact terms. Charts have been prepared—Washington girls are studying them—showing that the eye has 720 distinct E xpressions, conveying as many different shades of meaning. The proper thing to do is to procure one of these charts, and reproduce with your own eyes the 72!) expressions before a mirror. When you have mastered them all, try them on other people and see how they work. It is popularly imagined that the eyeball itself is an expressive thing, but, as a matter of fact, the ball of the eye has scarce any expression at all. That all depends upon I hi lid.- and brows. The upper lid does the intellectual; its position is regulated by the sort of thinking you are doing. The lower lid expresses, by its drawing up or otherwise, the senses. The eyebrows are emotional, and so on. All this, however, is only the beginning. Certain it would appear that young ladies of the future, trained to make eyes on exact principles, will be much more seductive create ares than hitherto. But you must not be surprised or shocked if you find a Washington girl winking at you; it is ten to one that she is merely practising the novel science of ocular expression.—Washington Cor. Boston Transcript. flight Kind of Corset. , young girls and growing girl* wear corsets; but when the ly developed it should lie gently held in shape by a good, easy corset. If you will wear one so comfortable that you may stand firmly on both feet and put your hand high and straight above your head without any disagreeable sensations, it will not hurt you. I may us well add that I am not advertising any particular make of corsets.—Cor. West Shore. A Girl’* Athletic Conium*-. With the thought of common sense in j dress manifest ail around us, a girl’s 1 costume for athletic .-ports can be loose, j and still lady like. A divided skirt below, a wide, light weight s*,irt over it, reaching just below the ankles, and a loose blouse, would be all that practicability would demand.—Indies’ Home Journal. Gloves should never he rolled into a wad j or left lying inside out. Pull off slowly I and stretch each finger to its full length. I Mend every minute rip with glove thread and needles, which come especially for the purpose. Wrap each pair in tissue paper and keep in a long box without folding. A wise person once made the remark that “jealousy was the seed from which J sprung nearly every* evil.'’ This is only too true, and women and girls are more addicted to this one fault than men. Worse I still, they either do not realize it or do not care. The Dreamy Caban Woman. The Cuban woman goes through the world in an easy, shiftless sort of a way, lounges only too gracefully in a hammock or lolls in her rocking chair, her mind intent on only one idea—how to keep cool. The grace of the woman is set off by the marvelous way with which she uses her fan. Not for a moment is it at rest; it waves idly, is opened and shut in The Swedish Ladies tion of Animals has from the authorities \ cab stand at the Cen Stockholm. Society for Protec-obtained permission o erect an in closed ral railway station, A little roll of white paper inserted through the upper crust of a pie will prevent the juice being forced out into tbs oven while it is baking. A chicken which has passed Its youth is better than one which died young aud tender for croquettes or a fricassee Happy Hoosier*. Win. Timmons, postmaster of Idaville, Ind., writes:    ‘’Electric Bitters lias done more for me than all other medicines combined, for that bad feeling arising from Kidney and Liver trouble." John Leslie, farmer and stockman, of same place, says:    “Find    Electric    Bitters    to    be the best Kidney and Liver medicine; made me feel like a new man. J- W. Gardner, hardware merchant, same town, says:    “Electric Bitters is just the thing for a man who is all run down and don t care whether he lives or dies; he found new * strength, good appetite and fell just like he had a new lease on life Only 50c a bottle at George C. Henry**, drug store. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Burlington Hawk Eye