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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - July 27, 1890, Burlington, Iowa mom >mntRTIgg YOUR WANTS IN / THE HAWK-EYE. THE LEADING PAPER. THE BURLING HAWK-EYE. STABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.)BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 27, 1890—EIGHT PAGES. (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WEEK IDGE ROOM MISCELLANY. lip of All Kinds From Secret Society Strongholds. Magnificent Masonic Temple Which Sill be Erected in Chicago—It Will Eclipse Any Similar Struct, ure in the World. i taking out of a building permit to , 12,000,000 Masonic temple at State Randolph streets, Chicago, marked practical beginning of a structure gives promise of being the most not->0? the great buildings of that city, and g the most not able i n the world. The irs announce their intention of put-i a building which of its kind shall :matchless. The plans so far as matured i bear out their assertions. ie project for a great Masonic temple I should be a center where every Ma-body in Cook county might gather mg been an ambition of enthusiastic igo Masons. The first positive step . the realization of the scheme was , about five months ago. The block ;on the east side of State street, rn Randolph street and Burton was bought. This purchase was . March 14, $330,000 being paid for the ty. lere have been some vexatious ques-! of title and some delays in the orison of the corporation and the clos-;of subscriptions to the capital stock, Fellows home, of Massachusetts, amount to 180,000. New York has 580 working lodges. Massachusetts has 5,237 past grands. There are 2,577 Odd Fellows in Georgia. Indiana has 588 lodges, 80,892 members. REO MEN. from Many Various Notes of Interest Wigwams. It is expected that a new council of the degree of Pocahontas will materialize very shortly in Allentown, Pa. The great chiefs of Massachusetts are constantly engaged visiting the tribes and councils of Pocahontas in that state. Massachusetts tribe, No. 44, of Cam* bridge, Mass., celebrated its third anniversary on the 10th of June. Towamencin tribe, No. 99, at Royersford, Pa., only two moons old, has a membership of ninety, with twenty to adopt. Mohawk tribe No. 14, of Philadelphia, five suns old, has ninety-eight on the roll, with ten to adopt. The state league of the chieftain’s league of Red Med was instituted in Elks’ hall, Boston, Thursday, June 19. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. CHICAGO MASONIC TEMPLE. those matters have been practically tied, and the way is clear to the erection i building. ie plans for the building are not yet completed. Little more than the ex-r has been drawn, and that gnay be lged. Burnham & Root are the archaic most important point settled is that (structure will be the highest building i world. It. will have eighteen stories, the roof will be 240 feet from the pave-lt. The ground dimensions will be ITO ’ 114 feet. The structure will be entirely Isteel. What the exterior facing will bo . yet decided. It may be terra cotta, Hie or a special brick made for this par-lar building. In any case the exterior be but a tireproofing, not bearing any i of the weight of the building. If it i not for the danger of fire from surfing buildings the whole exterior be of steel, ie novel feature of the interior will be i plan for having retail shops located on floors. In t he basement will be the est restaurant in the city. It will oc-[>y all the basement floor except what be necessary for storage rooms for the shops above. The restaurant will bo ted elaborately in marble. ie entrance to tho main building will i from State street. It will be forty-two high and thirty feet wide. This will , into a rotunda having an area of 3,700 ire feet, and open to the extreme height building, finished all the way up to 1240 foot roof with plate glass and mar-There will be a tesselated Roman sr. i the back of this rotunda will bo the avatars, eighteen in number, set in a licircle. . the first floor will be elaborate wait-rooms. An ornate marble staircase lead to the basement. All the stores ing State and Randolph streets will also i entrances from the rotunda. ie seventeenth and eighteenth floors be devoted exclusively to Masonic ies. There will be a great hall in which (whole grand lodge may bt? maneuvered drill, and there wall be many lodge s. A gallery will extend arouud the hall.__ KNIGHTS OF HONOR. Abstract of the Membership Up to April I—Other items. IThe abstract of the membership on April (1890, f rom the report of Supremo Heir Nelson to the supreme lodge shows Massachusetts has surrendered the ce she has so long held as second among i stat es iii numerical strength to Texas, ich had at that date 10,912 to 10,340 in ichusetts. New York ut the same i bad 10,430. Tennessee comes next, to chusetts with a memltersbip of 7,363. ^Sylvania stands fifth on the list with and Kentucky sixth with 7,116. am Jan. I to April I Texas had increased New York 301, Kentucky 173, Tennes-i97, Pennsylvania 93 and Massachusetts Louisiana in the same period had led 177. |There were 1,219 applications filed with supreme reporter in the four weeks May IU, of which number Texas 257, New Y'ork 140, Louisiana 76, argia 65, Mississippi 57, Indiana 52, New jy 47, Massachusetts 46. tho 152 deaths in the June assessment tice three were half rate, and the amount ired to pay the benefits is $301,000. The paid in by the deceased was $36,765.60, , average of 3241.33. The average time of ibership was «> years aud 4 months. Of (who were between 20 and 30 years of at time of initiation there were 14 who id a total of $2,033, an average of $145.21, .whoso average time was 7 years and 7 lths; 45 were between 30 and 40, paying of $8,009, an average of $191.33, and igo time 9 years and 4 months; 79 were en 40 and 50, paying a total of $17,101 average of $217.23, and average time 9 irs and 0 months; 14 were between 50 55, paying a total of $8,002.50, an aver i of $640.17, and whose average time was years and I month. The highest lounts paid were $885.50, by one who led at 53 years of age, with a member ip of 13 years and I month; $370 by one 3, who had been a member IO years and months, and $852 by another at 5-1, who been in IO years and 5 months. The Thirteenth Tear of the Endowment Rank—Other Notes. W. B. Kennedy, supreme secretary, in his last report says: The quarterly period ending March 31, 1390, completes the thirteenth fiscal year of the endowment rank. The new business since Jan. I exceeds that of the previous quarter. Forty-eight new sections, distributed throughout 24 states of the Union, were organized. Ohio shows the greatest number—7; Wisconsin baa added 6, and Indiana follows with 5. One thousand add nine new members have been added and $2,015,000 new endowment issued—again of 3 sections, 178 members and $295,000 endowment over the new business of last quarter. During the fiscal year just closed 174 new sections were organized, 3,505 new members admitted, representing $7,333,000 endowment. During the same period the payments to beneficiaries of deceased members amounted to $538,000. The increase in membership in Illinois last year was 2,060. There is a lodge in Philadelphia named Fourth of July No. 196. Kalamazoo lodge, Kalamazoo, Mich., has a membership of 160. Four thousand members liars been enrolled in Ohio since last May. Since the organization of the supreme lodge in 1868 the subordinate lodges have paid $6,500,000. R. E. Lee lodge, of Vicksburg, Miss., has a membership of 204, and is worth $2,816.46. In Dallas, Tex., there are about 500 knights. They are talking of erecting a six story castle to cost $100,000 and supplied with all the modern conveniences. Fort Worth, Tex., has 280 K. of P’s. Wisconsin has a membership of 6,997. The knights of Victoria, B. C., have c brass band. AMERICAN LEGION OF HONOR. WOMAN AND HER LABORS. Th® Sad Time in a Woman’s Life, When She Has No Place. The Happy, Careless, Motherly Woman-Home Things Never in Fashion-Fifth Avenue Belles—It Was a Woman’s Idea. There to a time in a woman’s life when she is too old for the dance and frolic of the young, and too young for the quiet corner of the old. No class claims her. She feels often like an alien from the commonwealth of womanhood. In charitable work and In social life the invisible line is passed. No one invites her now to preside at the fancy booth or hasten the sale of flowers with her gracious smiles. Neither is she asked to give the dignity of her age and position as one of the patronesses of the fair. She is laughed at if she dresses in the gay colors her soul loves, or scolded (by her family) for always wearing black. She has no part in the play, but is quietly relegated to the position of stage setter and prompter while younger and older women pose and win applause. Her beauty is not at its best. She has neither the fair girlish face which is the prophecy of what it will be, nor the sweet old face which is the history of what it has been. White hair does not crown her with glory, and she has lost the golden curls of her youth. The blossom has faded and the fruit does not yet compensate for its loss. The trials of the transition state envelop her in the home. Sometimes she feels that her husband is almost deserting her for the young daughter who is the second edition of the girl he fell in love with years ago. The solving of the domestic problem has not made such drafts upon his mental and physical resources as it has upon hers. He is a comparatively young man, and no one dreams of asking him to step aside from any familiar path. At times she wonders if she is not a childless woman. She was necessary to her little children, but her growing sons and daughters do not seem to need her; at least they do not cling to her with the tender caresses of their babyhood. Studies, teachers, classmates and embryo love affairs fill their lives so full that the mother almost feels crowded out.—Harper’s Bazar. by the New York legislature in 1861.— New York World. The Late Fast Commander Henry W. fides, of Boston. In the death of Past Commander Henry W. Edes, of Equity Council, No. 50, Boston, the order in New England loses a stanch friend and willing advocate. Companion Edes was not a man who belonged to many fraternal societies; the American Legion of Honor was the only one with which lie was connected. He had a firm and abiding faith in’ the American Legion, and was happy in the belief that the order would faithfully carry out its agreement with his beneficiary. He was a man of sterling worth, a true friend, a genial companion, an honest man. During his connection with the order his council honored him with every position within its gift, and by the grand commander of Massachusetts he was entrusted with the care of several councils as his deputy. Ho also served on a committee of the grand council. Ile was a man in whose heart there was no guile. The order is the gainer for having known him. Says The American Legion of Honor Journal: In his report to the supreme lodge United Workmen last year William C. Richardson, chairman of the committee on vital statistics, was inadvertently led into doing an injustice to the American Legion of Honor. In his report to the session just closed he thus makes amends: ‘In preparing the table for last year, owing to an oversight the deaths in the American Legion of Honor fo.r two years instead of one were included in the computation; hence their death rate appeared as 21.3 per cent., when it should have been but 10.6 per cent. Their rate for this year is 11.7 per cent., making their protection at about $11.50 per thousand.” A. O. U. W. I. O. O. F. IS Slow but Steady Gain in Utah Other Items. The annual report of the grand encamp-“ )of Utah fortke year ending March 31 shows a net gain in membership of Amount paid for relief and charity ig the year, $236; revenue for the year, >.97; total amount of fund, property ., $2,53S.60. past year lias been the most pros-ius in the history of the Missouri juris-ion. The present membership is 17,463. sum of $1,742.50 was contributed to Johnstown sufferers. The grand Br received i .989 letters and corn muni-ions, wrot e i.577 letters and granted 151 sensations. He instituted three subor ite lodges and six Rel>ekah lodges, vis forty-four subordinate lodges and held stings in four districts. The Odd Fellows Review, of Chicago, ““ been consolidated with The Northern Odd Fellow, of Minneapolis and ► Paul, with offices in St. Paul and Chi-I°* This will result in giving the order the northwest a handsome and newsy ii. C harles H. Gard, formerly of The t, will have charge of the Chicago subscriptions to the proposed Odd The Happy, Careless, Motherly Woman. But there’s something white waving in the air further down. It is ou tho wrong comer. It isn’t—yes it is—a baby. The woman’s hinds are so fuU she can’t wave anything else but the baby, and he likes it. Careless women’s babies always do like all maimer of irregular things, and thrive on them. And she is such a careless, happy-go-lucky woman, with her bonnet all awry, her arms fuU of bundles, and the baby almost upside down on her shoulder. Such an indignant woman for a moment when the car rumbles past her, such a good natured one when she sees the mistake she has made. Over the cobble stones, through the mud, splash into a puddle she hurries, her face growing more crimson, her bang straighter every minute, and at last half falls, half plunges into the car as the conductor, angry at the delay, pulls the beU rope sharply, and we trundle on again, while the careless woman drops one bundle, lets fall two more trying to secure the first, and nearly drops the baby picking up aU three. It is safe to wager that she is as kind as she is careless, that her house looks as if two cyclones have held a courtship in it, but that you’ll have tho nicest home dinner if you drop in unexpectedly that hungry man ever devoured. Not the fancy ices and frills, but tho cream gravies and thick pies and white bread that your mother used to make, und a welcome warmer than an August noon. The dear, motherly, careless woman, a little too stout, a little too noisy, but with room iu her big, warm heart for all suffering humanity. There are days when you’d rather be held to her capacious bosom, even at the risk of being smeared with the molasses one of the twins has just wiped off on her as she caught him up, because he bumped his precious head with the hammer, than be admitted to the presence of a queen.—New Y’ork Sun. Some Things Never in Fashion* There are some things that are never in fashion, although the enterprising shopman may fill his windows with them. One to green gloves. If one green glove be worse than another it is that kind with V shaped sections of white kid set in them. These never were and never will be fashionable, and do not let anybody induce yon to spend your money on them. Then while scarlet crepe bonnets and ■carlet trimmings are in good taste leave all red hats, especially the large ones, to the people in the nursery. Arrange your red coloring in some other way and do not have it aU in a hat. La Mode never approves of them. Then do not believe that blacks, grays and browns are to be forgotten for some odd shade of green, pink or blue; the first are always in good taste. Peculiar tints are never to be desired unless one has a wardrobe in which gowns are very numerous. Do not be persuaded into buying anything. Think out before you start what you want, and endeavor to get it. The penance of wearing unbecoming and unsuitable costumes, or adjuncts, is a trying one; so be wise, and by choosing judiciously do not put yourself in a position that will involve your having to undergo it. Sackcloth and ashes mean happiness as compared with silk and tulle for all hours and occasions.—Mrs. Mallon in Ladies’ Home Journal.    _ “The Cheapest Unlaundered Shirt.** You see this sign in the windows of all gentlemen’s large furnishing stores. You go in and examine the bargains presented, and you buy a half dozen of these cheap shirts and congratulate yourself on the low price you have paid, and you teU your neighbor about it, and you and she together declare that yon wiU never make another shirt as long aa you both shall live! You can buy them at the cost of the material and you get the work for nothing. It is a very satisfactory thing to think of getting something for nothing, and wo all enjoy it. It means just so much.saved. It means just so much the more of this world’s good things. But did you ever consider what cheap shirts mean to the wretched slave who makes them at fifty or seventy-five cents a dozen ? Did you ever think of tho long, long hours of toil, of the loss of needed rest and sleep, of the aching muscles and tho weary, pricked fingers and tho throbbing brain of the seamstress who makes the shirts which are sold at fifty cents each? Did you ever put yourself in her place and try to think how you would like to work ten or fifteen hours for money enough to keep soul and body together?—Kate Thorn in New Y'ork Weekly. Montana Welcomed to the Sisterhood. Items of Interest. Another jurisdiction — Montana — has been added to the A. O. U. W. by the supreme lodge adopting the favorable report of the committee to whom was referred the resolution of the Montana Workmen, in which they expressed their desire to become a separate jurisdiction. The committee on supreme medical examiner’s report at the recent session of the supreme lodge recommended the holding of a convention of grand medical examin ers at the place of meeting of the supreme lodge in 1892, the day before the supreme lodge meeting, the grand lodges to bear the expenses of such meeting. It was adopted. Total membership in good standing Mav 1,237,590. The total gain of the entire order during April was 199 members. The total disbursements of the beneficiary fund during the twenty-one years of the order's existence up to the close of the last fiscal year amounted to $28,393,816.38. By this amount was paid 14,368 death losses, that number of families having been benefited by the A. O. U. W. The supreme lodge has fixed the maximum number of assessments for Illinois at twenty-five. Several of the other jurisdictions have bad their maximum increased. There are thirty counties in Illinois in which there is no lodge of the order. An Old Writer. Probably the oldest living authoress in this country is Mrs. Elizabeth Oakes Smith, who was very prominent before the war, not only as a writer but -os a lecturer. Although she is still a contributor to one of the literary weeklies, both in prose and verse, her name is rarely seen elsewhere, and the general impression doubtless to that she has passed away. The standards of criticism are so different now from what they were thirty years since that her work —poems, novels, tragedies and miscellanies —would not be ranked nearly so high as formerly. Born at what is now Cumberland, Me.— her maiden name was Prince—she was married at IO to Seba Smith, author of the once famous Maj. Jack Downing letters. She became a widow some twenty years ago and has been living most of the time since at the small town of Hollywood, N. C., near the coast, where at 84 she is in excellent, vigorous health. She was one of early advocates of woman’s rights, speaking on the subject in all the larger cities and contributing various articles to the magazines of the day. “Woman and Her Needs,” published forty years ago, attracted much attention and elicited warm commendation. Mrs. Smith has witnessed extraordinary changes in the republic and has survived nearly all of her contemporar ries, many of whom occupied exalted positions in her youth and have now passed into oblivion.—Exchange. MYSTERIES OF THE BODY. The Minute Workers That Produce Vital Activity. Man a World Within Himself—Formation of the Cells and Their Physiological Duties — The Democrats and Aristocrats. Ancient Order of Patricians. This is the latest social secret fraternal society, and differs in its general principles from any other body. One of its special features is to loan money to its members. It also protects them from want during sickness and either at the end of six or ten years, as the members may select when they join the society, the amount borrowed is canceled and the remainder of the certificate paid. The plan is such that all persons who are eligible to membership and who are between the ages of 18 and 65 may join a subordinate senate by complying with the laws of the order, and who will afterward pay all assessments as they become due may receive at the end of six or ten years a benefit of a sum not to exceed $5,QUO; a sick benefit not to exceed $50 per week, or a loan not to exceed one-half of the certificate of membership. United Order of Druids. The grand grove of the American United Order was held recently in Philadelphia. There was a large number of representatives present. The business was transacted in a very satisfactory manner, and the following grand officers were installed for two years: H. E. G. E., Carl Ebermann; H. Y. G. E., Gottlieb Warren; H. Gr. secretary, Henry Hollenberg; H. Gr. treasurer, Charles Lotz; H. Gr. marshal, William Schumaker; H. G. warden, John Messerschmidt; H. G. herald, Fred Sud-brink; H. G. chaplain, Ferdinand Schatz. The capital is $22,579.39, and amount paid out for sick benefits daring the term was $3,719, and for funeral benefits daring ■ame period $3,955. Total amount received during the term just closed IU,457.10. ■“Rough ox Worms." Sure Cure,JSC. Rough on Toothache* 15c. At Druggists. The Natural Beauty of the Nail. The nails of the fashionable woman are often—to put it strongly—a positive abomination. They are-vulgar, just as anything that is overdone and pronounced is vulgar. And they are altogether “agin natur*,” quite as much so as if they were stained with henna like those of her East Indian sister. To conform to nature the nail should be trimmed round, to follow the line of the finger tip, instead of being slanted up in a long sharp point, which to supposed to add a tapering look to the finger, but which really suggests the claws of a bird. And then they are polished too highly. To a fastidious mind the overwrought glistening of the nail is as offensive—because it is as unnatural—as the painted cheek or the darkened eyes. Artifice in the finger tips to no less vulgar than artifice in the face. And it to not beautiful. Nature is an artist who does not make mistakes. If the beauty of the nail were really enhanced by laying a hard glistening polish upon it, she would have known how to do so.—New York Evening Sun. f ifth Avenue Belles. Among tile various “walks of life” from which men choose their wives fashionable promenades are by no means the most eligible. “I really think my daughter would spend her whole time in Fifth avenue if I would let her,” said a mother in our hearing the other day. “Madam,** said we, “don’t let her.” Fifth avenue is a poor school for-girls who expect to become wives. What sensible man would desire to marry a mere gadder and shopper? And surely no young lady is ambitious of marrying a fooL That a belle and a beauty should desire to be seen and admired to natural enough, but the prettiest thing in the world if continually on exhibition becomes aa object too familiar to be much valued. A fair creature who divides her time between studying the fashions at the milline^r and dry goods stores and sailing up and down the sidewalk to display the same to not likely to shine in domestic life as the head of tho home department. — New York Ledger.    _ A Good Work In Scotland. The Girls’ Brigade in Scotland to fast becoming as popular and beneficial an institution as the widespread and famous Boys* Brigade. The girls belonging to these brigades are usually from 12 to 18 years of age, and are wage earners in printing offices, factories, shops, etc. They wear red apron* with red and white borders and red and white shoulder sashes over their dark dresses, and the girl officers have scarlet and silver stripes denoting the rank of the corporals and sergeant*. Their drill consists of calisthenics to music, without apparatus, but with precision and grace, exercises in which rings, flags and ropes are used, and marches including several intricate figures—wheeling, turning and amaze. There is also singing, and sometimes a May pole dance, with a little address from the superior officers, who are usually ladies of leisure with philanthropies! purpose* The work was inaugurated by two or three young ladies in Edinburgh, who formed the first brigade, and there are companies now in all parts of Scotland. In addition to the drill there are classes for singing, sewing and Bible teaching, and kindly talks on temperance, thrift and purity, somewhat of the same nature as out working girls’ clubs in America.—London Letter. What to Wear When Bathing. Do not permit the summer to pass without learning to swim. It is a healthful and useful accomplishment, and in the age of swimming schools both old and young may, with littlo teaching, become good swimmers. It is dangerous to go in the water unless two hours have elapsed since eating, and it }9 not healthful to remain in too lon£. The strongest person should not bathe longer than half an hour. A linen sheet for drying purposes and a fresh towel for rubbing are the most serviceable. A very agreeable bathing suit can be made of seersucker. It blows out from the figure when wet, and is not so soggy as flannel. Bathing costumes should bo made large and loose, and for ladies with Turkish trousers. If dressed modestly ladies can’t look handsome when they go into the water. For surf bathing a waterproof cloak is indispensable to wrap in after emerging.-* Exchange. II Was a Woman’s Idea. A bit of Vassar history not generally known to the public to the fact that this woman’s college, founded by a man, was the thought of a “weaker vessel.” Mr. Matthew Vassar had a kinswoman who was mincipal of a young ladies’ seminary in Poughkeepsie, Miss Lydia Booth by name, an estimable and ascomplished woman. When Mr. Vassar was considering the question of the final disposition of his fortune he was strongly inclined toward the establishment of a hospital which Should be upon the lines of Guy’s hospital n London. While considering this scheme Miss Booth suggested that a wise plan wqpld bo the foundation of a college for women, to be to them what Yale and Harvard were to men. Mr. Vassar was what is called in the popular phrase “a self made” man. This was true of him intellectually as well financially. The deficiencies of his early education he sought to supply by culture in the latter years of his life, and to a great extent was successfuL Mrs. Vassar, the wife of his youth, did not keep pace with her husband in this direction, and therefore the importance of a thorough training for young women which would send them Into the world with a thorough mental equipment appealed to him with peculiar force. Miss Booth’s suggestion was adopted, and a charter for the incorporation of Vassar f emale college was granted Seizing Upon AnotherMasculine Privilege Have you noticed that women generally have a more independent and assertive air than belonged to them formerly? Do you know the reason why? It’s because they are at last happy in regard to pockets. Those in their coats are real ones, in which they caaput their hands and swagger, and the best dressmakers now show their bestness by putting those in the skirts where they can be reached. A woman has just as many things to carry aboutwith her as a man and there is no reason in the world why she should be robbed of her legitimate right—the place to put them. She always has a purse, a handkerchief, watch, a memorandum book, two or three letters, some newspaper dippings some postage stamps and some samples. If she is advanced she has a penknife.— Milwaukee Wisconsin. rn contact with a night candle. This propensity her pretty head has of getting on fibre is a source of much concern to the Bellevue doctors, who have her night watches under the most vigilant care, not unmixed with admiration. Miss Seymour has a competence of her own, and follows her chosen profession because she likes it.—New York Letter. VOLCANIC ERUPTION. Thoughts About Krakatoa and the Upheaval of 1883. FUTURE OF ART IN AMERICA. Some days ago a person remarked in my hearing that, while science dealt with both the big things and the little things of life and nature, it had in reality thrown very little light indeed on the more intricate bodily processes in virtue of which life is carried on. Tho plaint of my friend was that science knew about things “in the rough,” but could not descend to take cognizance in the same degree of things of minute estate. “So much the worse for science and mankind at large,” I replied, “were your assertion true.” As a matter of fact, there is no field of inquiry which has yielded such a large harvest to the truth seeker of late years as that of microscopic research. There is scarcely a great discovery which has been made within the past decade in which our knowledge of the infinitely little, as shown forth by the microscope, has not figured most prominently. Disease germs and countless other lower forms of life have been traced out in their development and tracked to their origin. Living things whose dimensions are to be estimatedby the thousandth parts of inches are as well known to us today as is the ostrich or the elephant. So far from the “little things” of the universe escaping our attention, I should be inclined to maintain that they largely monopolize science to the exclusion of big things. We are beginning to find out, in fact, that only by knowing something of the actions which proceed in the lower byway of life can existence in the main be understood at all. Hence, if any preparation for a knowledge of humanity be required, I should say one would find it in a microscopic study of what the ditches contain aud of what a leaf harbors. “The proper study of mankind to man,” said the poet of Twickenham. To this very proper aphorism (in its way) science adds that the only safe preparation for the study of mankind to the knowledge of what lower lifo is and what lower life does. MAX A WORLD WITHIN HIMSELF. The remark of my friend suggested that within the compass even of human structures (and that strictly following out Pope’s aphorism) one may find many phases of life such as will warrant the declaration that to the microscope we owe a vast amount of knowledge of ourselves. It has often been asserted that man to a microcosm—a world within himself; and this to highly true if we apply the saying to the microscopic structures of his frame. No sooner do we begin to investigate the composition of man's tissues than we discover that, so far from a human being having any right to lie regarded as a single entity, he might claim a title to be considered a compound or colonial organism. One man in his time is said to play many parts, ao» cording to the Bard of Avon; physiologlo ally, it may be said, one man is very many parts or entities working together to form and to maintain an harmonious whole, This statement is easily * roved. YVe do not speak without knowing iv hen we make such an assertion. Glance through the body ’s constitution, and you will find, first of all, that, wherever you have life and vital activity, it resides in a particular kind of living jelly which everybody knows (byname, at least) as “protoplasm.” This is the “matter of life”—it is life stuff, in the truest sense; since no other matter on the face of this earth, save protoplasm, shows the phenomena or actions of life. Now, what is true of a man’s body in this respect to equally true of the body of every other living thing—animal or plant. When we come to investigate how this protoplasm (or a speck of which tho whole body In its germ stato once consisted) is disposed in our frames, we discover that it is represented in its most active state by microscopic bodies to which the name of “cells” is given. WORKS OF THE EODV. These cells, then, are the workers of the body. They are the population of the vital kingdom. The democrats are the cells— useful and necessary and respectable members of society—which toil and labor to build up bones, to form muscles and to make the various secretions. The aristocrats are the nerve cells, which are by no means an idle plutocracy, however, but which work hard enough in the rulingr-di-rection and governance of the frame. There to perfect division of labor in the living state. One group of cells cli .es not i ntcrfere with the work of another group. Each piece of labor, from the building of tome to the making of g istric juice, to carried out independently and thoroughly by workers set apart for the given purpo-o. The economy of a bee's hive is not mon rigidly ordered than is the work of our own ijody in respect to its labors and their specific duties; and in the vast proportion of their affairs these workers of ours are self directive, even while they own the supremacy of brain and nerves as I heir cont rolling power, If we think of the countless operations which have to be undertaken from hour to hour to maintain our bodies in action, we may begin to realize what perfect co-operation really means, and what this colonial constitution of ours implies. For example, saliva has to be secreted, for-the purpose of digestion, in the mouth, and for other functions as well. Til is fluid is supplied by three pairs of salivary glands. Now, tho working and essential parts of these glands are living cells, which, out of the blood (as the raw material) supplied to the glands, secrete saliva, which is the manufactured product. Again, tears have perpetually to be made for washing the eyes. This secretion is supplied by a couple of tear glands, and making out of the blood a very different secretion to that of the mouth. The cells of tho gastric glands of the stomach make, from the blood, gastric juice*. Again we see a change of duty as we pass to a different set of cells. The cells of the liver compose that large organ, and discharge its multifarious duties. They are the living units of which the liver is composed, and are thus part and parcel of the living colony we term our body. The cells of the sweetbread make the digestive juice of that gland— another change of duty and another race of cells. The brain cells guide and direct the body's highest acts equally with lower nervous operations. Cells iii the skin repair our wounds and throw off other cells which are cast away as the outer skin wears. The bone cells renew and repair that dense structure and build up the solid portions of the frame. In a word, every act of life is performed by the cells, each group of which remains distinct as a colony of workers charged with the performance of a specific duty. Truly, then, it may be held that our life is a divided existence physically, while from another point of view it is an harmonious existence, because of the perfect co-operation of these wonder, ful workers of the body—the living cells.— Andrew Wilson in London Illustrated News. Oar Possibilities Are as Great u Those of Manx European Cities. It is the fashion to believe that art cannot thrive in our trading democracy. Our cultured society speak of art with solemnity and awe, as men speak of one that has fought the good fight and who zests from his labors. Indeed we have lately been told by a professor of great distinction that there is no hope here for real literature or art, so hopelessly vulgar and sordid is American life. Burely those burghers of mediaeval Paris knew nothing of culture, and doubtless they were vulgar, but they thoroughly believed in their religion, and their vulgarity did not prevent their originating the Gothic cathedrals. Doubtless those Florentine traders were mercenary, but they loved their city with fervor, and gladly gave their wealth to build its public monuments. Neither Frenchman nor Florentine had art critics to tell him his motives, but they applied to their every day work vigor, courage and energy, and without their knowing it their work immortalized them. Now why should we not believe in our own possibilities? We have doubtless seen a great deal of ostentation and vulgarity built into more or less permanent form, and doubtless we are very far from having produced great works of architecture. Our distance from the great works of antiquity has always permitted here a freedom from authority in art, which, if it frequently leads us into license, presents to us at the same time our unique opportunity. In the best work, influenced as it is by the books and photographs which now familiarize us with all that the world has done before us, there to even now to be seen reasonable restraint controlling this liberty. As our national1 wants are new, and inventions daily increase which revolutionize the art of construction, it seems to me that the problems will daily be solved in a better manner, and we may hope for a period of building that will emphasize our good rather than oui bad points. Why should we not, in looking at such examples as I have quoted, insist that there is far from being anything in the existing conditions of American life to hinder the progress of art? Evidences of the reverse exist on every side. While dilettantism may discourage, for myself I have enthusiasm enough left to believe that the hope of the future in art as in many other fields of human endeavor, lies, as the years go on, with our ambitious, prosperous and appreciative democracy.—Robert S. Peabody in Harper’s. Otm«rvation* of Astronomers—Great Kf-feet of the Diet ar ban re on All Part* of the Earth—The Tank of Gathering Benoit*. Although the great eruption at Krakatoa, in 1883, took place some ten thousand miles away from these islands, we were nevertheless privileged to witness some of the glories that followed the outbreak. Iii this sense I can say that I myself was a spectator. Doubtless there were many thousands or millions of people who observed the phenomena close at hand, but it does not seem likely that those in the vicinity were favorably placed for observation. Indeed 36,000 of those unfortunate creatures were drowned by the mighty sea waves which swept the coasts of Sumatra and Java. Though the great volcanic eruption took place seven years ago, yet the materials for discussing it have only recently been brought together. The consequences of Krakatoa were world wide, aud information had to lie collected from every quarter of the globe. The records of meteorological instruments in Europe, Asia, Africa, America and Australia all bore their testimony to the vehemence of the eruption. These hart to be fully discussed; then, too, the logs of ships that arrived in many a port in many an ocean had to be ransacked. Ail this knowledge had to be digested and arranged before the full significance of Krakatoa could lie appreciated. So great a task cannot be the work of a day; it has occupied the energies of a committee of the Royal society for some years, but at last their work has been done and an astonishing volume has been produced. THE VICINITY DEVASTATED. On looking at a map of tile Indian ocean you will see the little island which was the seat of the explosion lying between Sumatra and Java. Krakatoa is only a few miles in extent, perhaps about an large as the Hill of Howth, near Dublin. Volcanoes and earthquakes are familiar phenomena in those eastern seas, in which many of the j    ll‘    , Oceanic islands owe their origin to out- j    ai    a    ! break- from below. In quiet times the i proximity of the devastating farces is disguised bv the lovely tropical vegetation with which such islands are so often j clothed. For 260 years Krakatoa hail slum- j bend, the little island was ( overed with a I The woman < was give: The little taken lr, Classified by Shadows. Amphiscians are the people who inhabit the tropics, whose shadows, in one part of the year, are cast to the north and in the other to the south, according as the sun is north or south of their zenith. The Antiscians ure the inhabitants of the earth living on different sides of the equator, whose shadows at noon are cast in contrary directions. Those living north of the equator are antiscians to those Ii ring south of that lino, and vice versa. The shadows on one side are cast toward the north and upon the other toward the north. Tile Ascians are tile persons who live rn a land where, at a certain time of each year, they have no shadows at noon. All the inhabitants of the torrid zone are Ascians, they haring a vertical sun twice a veal-. The Periecians are t he inhabitants of the opposite side of the globe in the same parallel of latitude. The Pericians are t lie inhabitants of the polar circle, whose shallows during some portions of the summer must, in the course of the day, move entirely around and fall toward every point of the compass. The antipodes are those persons who live on the opposite sides of the globe, and whose feet are directly under the feet of those living on this side.—St. Louis Republic. To Remove Dandruff. An occasional shampoo with 6oap and water or borax and water or same simple mixt tiro of that kind once in two or three weeks will often be found a necessity. A very good shampoo liquid for general use may be made as follows:    Carbonate of ammonia, one drachm, carbonate of potassium, one drachm; water, four ounces; tinctureof cantharides, one drachm; alcohol, four ounces; rum, one and one-half pints. Dissolve the carbonates in the water; shake well before using, moistening the scalp until a lather forms. Wash in cool water a lur rub dry. For a permanent removal of dandruff it is better to take borax, half a teaspoonful; common sulphur, one heaping teaspoonful; pour over them one pint of boiling water. When cool pour into a bottle; agitate frequently for three or four days; then strair Moisten the scalp with this thoroughly three or four times a week. It is one of the most reliable preparations known for permanently removing dandruff. -— Good Housekeeping. sembled. sight for asked in i: “Where “Why, swered the “Oh, no,” women but Youth s Con luxuriant forest, which was occasionally visited by natives from the adjacent shores, who came to gather such tropical fruits as the trees afforded. But the island was not j regularly inhabited. In the early part of 1883 the outbreak be- I gan. At first its manifestations were ; comparatively mild, so much so that an j excursion party went from Batavia in a steamer, landed on Krakatoa and had a ‘ pleasant time. It was in the autumn that j the volcano began to put forth its might. On Sunday, Aug. 26, terrific thunders were i heard hundreds of miles distant, vast col- j umns of smoke and ashes were poured j forth and hung suspended in clouds which j darkened the seas and islands over an area as large as Great Britain or France. All I through that Sunday night the explosions increased both in frequency and vehe- j mence. The inhabitants of Batavia, about I a hundred miles away, describe how their houses shook as if ar.illery wa, being discharged close to their doors, and the phenomena culminated at IO o’clock on Monday morning. CAUSE AXD EFFECT. A large part of the island of Krakatoa was entirely blown away in three or four frightful paroxysms, with thunders that were heard over an area as great as a continent. As to the cause of the eruption, there seems no reason to suppose that it did not originate in the same way as other volcanic outbreaks have done. Krakatoa was near the sea, and there is a nat ural antipathy between fire and water. In the earth, at a distance of a few miles beneath our feet, the materials are red hot, white j    “ hot, and even molten. It sometimes hap- J *ies v' pens that the water of the sea gets down through fissures to this red hot matter, and then a frightful hubbub occurs, so that if there is tire enough and water enough the explosion may l*e even on as grand a scale as that which we saw in Krakatoa. Just as a pebble dropped into a poud originate* a series of ripples which gradually diverge from the center of the disturbance, so at the moment of the mighty paroxysm of Krakatoa at IO a. in. on Aug. 27, 1883, air waves began to spread. From the little island in the Straits of Sunda they encompassed the earth, converging to the I Antipodes; thence they diverged and re- j turned to the volcano; again they started j and again returned. Every delicate self j recording barometer in the world showed j these mighty air waves, and we learned that the period of their journey from one pole of the earth to the opposite pole was alo.ii, eightc n hours. It was only after j veil oscillations had been made that the I energy of t he great air waves subsided and j the atmosphere regained its normal state. HEARD THOUSANDS OF MILES. Astonishing is the map which shows the I regions of the earth over which the thunders of Krakatoa wer* audible. Those who heard these explosio ; had no knowledge as to how they orig;..ated; they were generally thought to to signals from some J vessel in distress tin w hereabouts of which could not be ascertained. So loud were these noises that even in the island of Celebes. a thousand miles distant, steamers were actually sent out to search for the supposed ship. At the very center of Australia loud noises were heard which were conjectured to be produced by artillery, and the unwonted occurrence was carefully recorded. The artillery, however, proved to be from Krakatoa. Even at the Island of Rodriguez, almost three thousand miles distant, the booming of heavy guns was recorded, which the circumstances show to have been the thunders of Krakatoa.—Robert Ball in Montreal Star. Annex as ■ special student, not caring to give all her time to study, but later took all of the examinations, and bas done full work and finished the studies leading to a bachelor's certificate. It is interesting to observe that in her family there to much literary and artistic taste. Of her mother’s family three brothers graduate! with honors freon the Uiriver-sity of Edinburgh. Her uncle, Dr. John Berryman, who has been a member of tho New Brunswick parliament, to a man of marked literary taste and talent. Miss Reed’s sister, Miss Ethel Reed, who poetesses fine dramatic talents, to a member of the Boston Art Students’ association, and was the central figure in the festival of “LallaEookh,” recently given by the association. Miss Helen Recd, when she graduated from the Cambridge high school, waa the class poet, but she has since, except on a few occasions, sternly suppressed her muse. She has, however, done considerable literary and journalistic work. .She has compiled two books, each containing one of her poems, and she wrote the poetical souvenir of the Dickens carnival which the Woman's Educational arid Industrial union issued several years ago. Another good piece of work was the compilation of a little volume of original contributions, entitled “The City and the Sea.’’ which was issued for the benefit of the Cambridge hospital fund. She has no definite plans arranged for tho future, but will engage in literary work. She has paid a great deal of attention to original research in American history, under the direction of Professor Hart, and will continue Iii this line of work for the present. Miss Reed to tall and of the brunette type, with large, speaking dark eyes, and her low, distinct voice, while full of sweetness shows in her manner of speaking the earnestness and force of her character.—-Boston Horald. flow It Looked. It to the all but universal custom among the fashionable ladies of Venice of the present day to smoke cigarettes, both ii alone and in company. The hostess ii among the nobility receives her guests with a cigarette between her fin-j gers, and all the fair dames smoke in the j pauses of the dance. The wife of the son of Robert Brown-j ing, an American lady, created a profound sensation in Venetian society by j declaring that sue would not invite ladies I to smoke at her house, and the little j daughter of another American lady ttn-! consciously uttered a severe criticism I upon the custom. nether was visiting an Italian title, and in her honor a ball in the palace of the hostess. girl. who was 0 years old, was her nurse from her bed to a gallery where she could look down into the b .ll room after the company had assise looked at the brilliant a moment in silence and then meh wonder: are the ladies?" the hall is full of them,” ho-! nurse. said the mamma panion. child, “all thoaa are smoking.’*— Now! An English nobleman who died recently was frequently spoken of amang his fellow-as being "too good for thia earth.” He was excessively absent minded when in society, and paaaad much of hi.- time in solitude and meditation. “He was as pure and unworldly,** says ids biographer, "as a being of another sphere.” Looking closely at his life, however, it appear-, in spite iff the large oppvrtuni-h his wealth and rank gave tare been of little use or value < How men. Aspirations and however high and noble, which -s into words or actions do not arily in the world. Prince Bismarck retired from fe a member of the Reichstag wdly: * ‘The power * f the prince • >r evil lav in the use winch he the present moment. Ile never tar to-morrow, but for today.” fly the same criticism conia be made upon every man who exerts a living force upon his generation. He lives not to dream of the past, nor to hope for the future, but to work—now.—Yhmth’s Companion. him. t to his I dreams, never pa weigh In When public I said, shr for good made of worked Probal FAIR HARVARD. To Make Cucumber Pickles. Use a barrel or tub. Fill it over half full of summer grape leaves from either tho vineyard or wild vines; wring them fine as you can with the hands; then add water sufficient to cover them well, adding a teacupful of salt to<every bucket o water; stir well and add two pods of red pepper. Now as you gather your cucumbers put them in among tho grape leaves, adding them all the time as you    £avoritft gather them. The oftener you stir it    __v__3____3 the sooner it wilTpickle. Inabout three weeks the cucumbers will be fit to use, and you can put in and use out all summer. You can tell when they are good by little white specks appearing on the stem end.—Cor. Atlanta Constitution. *Tbe declining powers of old age may be wonderfully recuperated and sustained by the daily use of Hood’s Sarsaparilla. Pretty Southern Girls In Bellevue. There are some bright, beautiful southern women in the wards of the Bellevue hospital. Miss Force, who is young, fine looking and well educated, was sent to New York by the bishop of Alabama for special training to fit her for the position of manager in a new hospital soon to be opened in her native city. Miss Force has been head nurse in the medical ward for the past three years. Miss Caroline Ciaghorn, head nurse in the surgical ward, comes from Savannah. She has an excellent record, to a general the surgeons, all of whom depend on her in delicate operations, and is very pretty. Miss Clag-hora will return to Georgia when she completes the course. Miss Seymour is a ♦'harming nurse in Bellevue, whose beauty and amiability brighten the sick wards. She wears the conventional white mull cap, and scarcely a week passes that one does not come Stoned a Bear to Death. J. Sweetland tells us a funny story of how five Siwashes got away with a bear at his camp just across the bay from here. Mr. Bruin intruded himself in among the pots and kettles, picking out a dainty meal. While so engaged he attracted the attention of a Siwash, who at once called his mates to his help. The ground is pretty rocky around the camp, and there are plenty of loose stones ready to hand. They at once fell on the bear, like the Jews of old did on Stephen, and stoned him. He would at first endeavor to follow his assailant, but, being surrounded, a stone in the rear would turn him.—Union City Tribune. Parker House Bolls. At noon mix well one tablespoonful of lard and a teaspoonful of salt with two quarts of sifted flour. Make a hole in the middle, scald one pint of milk, pour it in and set the bowl away to cool At night mix with the milk half a cupful of yeast and half a cupful of white sugar. In the morning work up the dough. At noon roll it out half an im h thick, cut into square pieces and fold, with the four points meeting in the center. Put them on tins, leaving an inch space between them, and bake about ten minutes in a, quick oven.—Philadelphia Ledger.______ Bucklin’* Arnica Salve. The best salve in the world for cuts bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains, corns and all skin eruptions, and positively cures piles, or no pay required. It to guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction or money refunded. Price 25 cents per box. For sale at Henry’s drug store. A Floral Monster. On the 9th of January, 189*). which was the twelfth anniversary of King Humbert's accession to the Italian throne, the ladies of Rome united in presenting him with a bouquet. It was not a nosegay, or a fragrant trifle that could be worn in his buttonhole. On the contrary, it was between 6 and 7 feet high, and required six stout porters to bear it to his majesty’s apartments. It was, in truth, a floral monster. It consisted of a base J feet square and a stem surrounded by a vase of graceful shape, the sides being covered with an inscription done in pansies, mignonette and violets.—St. Louis Republic. —Stop at the Clifton, Chicago. The Anne* Girl Who Wan the First Woman to Win an Honor at Cambridge. Following tho pleasant news of the success of Miss Belasco in Paris and Miss Fawcett in England, both of whom greatly distinguished themselves in university examinations, comes the announcement that the Sargent prize at Harvard university has been won by an “Annex girl;” and the statement to especially noteworthy from the fact that it is the first time one of Harvard’s honors has been bestowed upon any female student. The Sargent prize of $100, which has been awarded to Miss Helen Leah Reed for the best translation of the twenty-ninth ode of the third book of Horace, to the only prize open to competition for both men and women. It appears in the body of the catalogue as an offer to Harvard students and to students of the Society for toe Collegiate Instruction for Women, which, being translated, means the “Annex girls.” Miss Reed sent, in competition, two translations, one in blank verse, the other rhymed, in ten syllable lines. In translating she adhered closely to the Latin, and lier (Hie has the same number of lites—sixtv-four—as the original. Miss Reed, who is the daughter of Dr. Guilford S. Reed, of Hotel Huntington, may fairly be claimed as a Boston girl, though she was born in St. John. N. B. The family removed to Boston when Miss Reed was very young, and have since resided in Cambridge and Boston, where Miss Reed has many interests, being a member of the Browning club and other literary societies. She is also much interested in local charities. She is a graduate of the Cambridge high school, and during til© interval between her graduation and entering the Annex she studied at home. She entered the V Missouri Girl's Foot. There to on exhibition in Keokuk the pattern of the insole of a pair of shoes made at Kahoka for a girl living at Rainbow, Mo. The girl for whom these shoes were made to only IT years old, and to 7 feet 7 inches in height and weighs 235 pounds. She has had many offers to pose in museums, all of which she has rejected. The insole referred to measures KH inches in length and inches in width at the broadest part.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Uses tor a Sheet of Stencil Board. A sheet of “stencil board,” obtained at any complete stationery house or bindery, is a great convenience in many ways. A large piece carefully bent double is convenient for holding loose manuscripts when in actual use. A sheet of this material also makes a smooth, hard surface for writing upon if your table is rough, and a small piece, card size, makes a choice paper cutter.—Cor. Anther aud Writer. On* of the Beaton*. There are 1,000 men in the United States who would at once set out for Africa on exploring expeditions if they only had the money to go ahead on. This want of money is one of the reasons why so many of our enterprising men remain at home and nnknow’ii.—Detroit Fres Press. __ _ Syrup of Flips, Produced from the laxative and nutritious juice of California figs, combined with the medicinal virtues of plants known to be the most beneficial to the human system, acts gently, on the kidneys, liver und bowels, effectually cleansing the system, dispelling colds and headaches, and curing habitual constipation. __ G. A. K. Day at Bluff Park. At Bluff Park, Friday, August I, will be held the annual reunion of G. A. R. veterans of Lee and surrounding counties. A grand program has been arranged. The St. L., K. N. W. will make excursion rates for this occasion. Call upon the nearest agent for rates and information._ for a disordered liver try Beecham’s Pill*. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Burlington Hawk Eye