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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - July 13, 1890, Burlington, Iowa THE DAILY HAWK-EYE Has a bona fide Average Circulation of 5,000 Copies per Issue, It is the General Opinion that The Daily Hawk-Eye mas Aet vc as Howland Complete a Sew spa J jar as at Present. ESTABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.) THE BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE. rF PART ON Ses BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 13, 1890—EIGHT PAGES. IN THE CHURCH FIELDS. Religious News Gathered From All Quarters. Hon. W. E. Gladstone on tile Commission of tho Apostles—The Undeniable Advance and Power of Christendom — Notes. When the apostles, charged with tilt commission of our Lord, went forth int*; all the world and preached the gospel to every creature then an enginery was set at work capable of coping with the whole range of the mischiefs brought into tile world by sin, mid of completely redeeming the human being from its effects and consecrating our nature to duty and to God. It is impossible here to do so much as even to skirt this vast subject. But at once these three things may be said as to the development through the gospel of the Abrahamic promise. First, that in the vast aggregate of genuine believers the recovery of the divine image has been effectual and the main spring of their being has been set right before their quitting the world by the dedication of the will to God. Secondly, that the social results of the change have been beneficial and immense in the restriction of wars, in tho abolition of horrible practices publicly sanctioned, in the recognition of rights, in the elevate ii of w<anan (win*se case most and best of all represents the case of right as against force), in the mitigation of laws, m the refinement of manners and in the public acknowledgment of higher standards of action. Thirdly, that Christendom is at this moment undeniably the prime and central power of the world and still bears, written upon its front, the mission to subdue it. In point of force and onward impulsion it stands without a rival, while every other widely spread religion is in decline. Critical indeed are the movement s which affect it from within. N ast are the deductions which on every side are t< > be made from the fullness of the divine promises when we try to measure their results in the world of facts. Indefinitely slow and hard to trace in detail as may be, like a glacier in descent, the march of the times, tilt1 Christianity of today has, in relation to the world non-Christian, an amount of ascendancy such as it has never before possessed; and if it retain its inward consistency the only question seems to be as to tile time, the circumstances and the rate of its further, perhaps of its final, conquests. —W. E. < Hadstoue in Churchman. Mr. Stanley’s Kiltie. The tendency to hold the Bible in light esteem which is so prevalent in the present day is apt to discourage young people from studying it. Bo many who do study it do so in a critical, supered1' spirit, under the guidance of team whoso chief aim appears to I ie to diminish its authority, that it is well to have it made known how it is regarded by men of eminence, who are held in high respect for their achievements in tho cause of science and humanity. An incident in point was related a few days ago respecting Mr. II. M. Stanley, whose recent achievement in tile rescue of Emin Pasha places him in the forefront of the distinguished men of our time. A personal friend of the explorer says: *T was sitting a few days ago next to Mr. Stanley, the great African traveler, and in conversation lie said to me, ’Just before I started for Africa Sir William Mackin-non said to mo, "Now I want to give you something, but I should like you to choose for yourself. I shall have the utmost pleasure in presenting you with anything you like. NYvcr mind the expense. Just say what you would like.” ’I replied,’ said the traveler, “Give me a Bible.” The desired gift was soon in my possession, just the Bible I wanted. And during my absence in Africa I have read that Bible through three times.’ ”— Christian Herald and Signsof OurTimes. Is It to lh* Religious? It is not to pray all the time, although earnest, sincere prayer is one sign of piety. It is not to ol‘serve999 ceremonies, although the custom and ceremony have their place in religion. It is not to condense all thought of the Deity into one day and hour of the week, although the historic day of rest has profound significance for religion. It is not to attend service at a fashionable hour, dressed in our best, and listen to sermon and ritual, although public worship is one evidence of fealty to our creed, We may pray, fast, kiss the scroll of the law, wear phylacteries as large as cobblestones and be regular at servic e and yet the soul, the spirit, may be the revers© of religious. To be religious is to be, not to appear; to act, not to feel; to translate into life prayer and symbol that our susceptibilities and powers awaken to fresher and richer bloom. Willi humility in our hearts, with kindliness in our thoughts, with consciousness of our de-pendence on a common Father near to all, whatever their race or faith, and with a resolve to make our service to humanity the truest service to God (Got-tesdicnst >, we shall be approaching the religious ideal.—Jewish Messenger. Ho Content. Be content with such things jus ye have. Some people have better things, others have worse. Yon, jm limps. cannot have tho better, aud you have no desire for the worse; then be content with what you have. You may have had better things in the past; you may have worse things in tile future; be thankful for the present and be content. If your lot is a haul one you may improve it. but not by murmuring, fretting or repining. Just hero today learn tin' lesson of contentment, and wait on God for brighter days, for richer fruits, for purer joys. No blessing comes to the murmuring, complaining, discontented heart. When once this evil demon of discontent has entered into tile ^ >pl nothing is right. Even the “angel’s food” was not good enough for tho murmuring Israelites, and “the com of heaven” could not satisfy those whose souls were filled with the discontent of earth. But when once the heart has found its rest in God, and all it s murmurings are hushed in sweet submission to his will, there is peace in believing and joy in the Holy Ghost, and a hallowed confidence in the kind providence of him who hath done all things well.—Christian. I liri-stian Eiulcavor Figure*. The statistics of the Christian Endeavor societies, as presented at the international convention at St. Louis, show clearly tho great advance that this society has been making. These societies exist in every English sjieakiug laud in tho world, the total number being 11,-013, with a membership of 000,000—a gain of 3,341 societies and 185,000 members in eleven months. New York leads the list with 1,795 societies, Pennsylvania follows with 818, then come Massachusetts with 813, Illinois with 809, Ohio with GSI, Iowa with 494, Connecticut with 443, New Jersey with 414 and Michigan with 408. An interesting development of the movement‘is the “Floating Christian Endeavor societies” recently formed on some of the revenue cutters Sd Saints IVom catt™ SSS work^adYdZr^11™4 repOTtS °f Dr. Beecher-s.l’amous.Sermons. rJtJSman ^Cmdnnathhaa. in his po^esnona copy,of the original: edition Dr- LymamBeecher’s famous mSfTT 0n,T? Nature, Occasions, Ss?" ill aii    of    Intemper- lROfi vercd in J Litchfield, Conn.,, in 18*0. These .sermons awakened .t Inmost hvel^interesbm temperance throughout a    States,. and may * almost ‘.be said to have originated’ tho’temperance mov ement in this country. Their publi- nflbi ™ediatel>; caused the formation .. ae American Society for the Promotion of Temperance,” and many other kindred societies. In these sermons may bo found the famous misapplied quota-hon from the Bible, “Touch not, basto no , handle not. Dr. Beecher, usually acute, does not seem to have paid any attention to the context of this passage. —New York Tribune. HYMN SERMON. plext: Hrs? Stanza (if “Safely Through Another Week.’’] Seven hays’ dangers have gone by— Perils strewn from earth to sky; C louds \v ithin whose chambers deep Fire and flood together sleep; Air in ambush, which, set I l ee, Might a cyclone panther be; Earthquakes in the realms below, Prowling fiercely to and fro; Sickness that, with stealthy tread. Brings the grave its hapless dead; So the words in song we speak— “Safely through another week.” Mho could sail without the waves? W ho could breathe without the air? Men were only w alking graves, But that God is everywhere. Stars that travel fast aud slow Through the countries of the sky, On His errands come and go— With His viewless wings they fly. Each tmo spirit shines a star Fed by one eternal ray; So the words we sing afar— "God has brought us on our way.” Lo the diamond—metal sun; But by toil and pain 'twas won. Learning comes the world to blessl It was purchased with distress. Seca fame in glory rise! It was bought with sacrifice. I eel a love that passeth thought! But it never came unsought. With exertion and desire, Souls must clamber and acquire— So we sing, in accents meek, “Let us all a blessing seek.” Did you view the morning rise? To the eye a wondrous feast! Precious stones bestrewed the skies—■ Heaven s own gam hung iii the east. Can you see the mountains grand? Do you hear the robiu sing? Worship, O my soul!—you stand In a palace of the King! Splendor lurks in every spot Of this Sabbath morn’s display; Fellow singers, are we not “Waiting in his courts today?” You whose life webs weigh like lead, Yr eave today a golden thread; You who bend ’neath labor’s rod. Bow this day to none but God; ' ou whom study’s bounds control, Read today your child's sweet soul; \ ou whoso heart is doomed to In'ar Sorrow, shame and needless care, < >ma today anil lay them prone On the tv bite steps of the throne. Properly is this confessed, “Day of all the week tho best.” Do not lie in slumber’s thrall, You who would with heaven rise; Do not let ’mid rubbish fall This gold ladder to the skies. 5 ou must join the childlike throng, Yearning for a father’s love; You must help to make the song That is waited for above. Ti iii. t hat others you may see, By the flowers of goodness blessed; Then your Sunday life will be, “Emblem of eternal rest.” —Will Carleton in Christian Advocate. America’s Oldest Itlvine. Tho c'Hest living preacher iii the United States is the Rev. Dr. John Atkinson, who lives near Benton Harbor, Mich. He was born in Flemington, N. J., in I<97, tin*I was licensed to preach in 1814. In reviewing his lifo tho other day the old gentleman said: “I knew Jesse Lee. tho first missionary appointed for the hew England states, and heard him preach; I knew Joseph Pitmore, one of the first two missionaries sent by Mr. Wesley from tho Leeds, England, conference in 1747 to tho province of of North America, and I attended his funeral in Philadelphia. I was converted under the ministry of Joseph Totten, and joined the church under John Walker, of Trenton circuit. I want to tell you a story about Joseph Totten. One day lie rebuked two young ladies, daughters of a prominent lawyer, who made a point of disturbing tho services by entering the church la to. He said: ‘Here you come prancing in with the devil's toy shop on your heads and hell’s bells iii your ears.’ ’’—New York Tribune. A Model, Missionary Churcli. The Moravians number 98,227, and yet we are told that they have sent out during tho century 25.000 missionaries and $300,000 yearly. They have nine mission ships. Recently they have projected a mission on the Victoria Nyanza, but have been unable to establish it by the lack of funds. Just before the opening of their general synod this year news was brought that a legacy of between $25,000 and $30,000 h id fallen to the churi’h, and it is probable that the work will s])i*edily be carried forward as the men are ready.—Christian at Work. RELIGIOUS GLEANINGS. Tho English Wesleyan church reports 423,555 members and 28,142 probationers. Among tho Scandinavian countries Norway is most generous in the support of missions. It is announced that a Buddhist Ecumenical council is to be held iii Paris. It is said there are 30,000 followers of Buddha in that city. Three tents are t< > be used for religious services in Chicago during this summer. They are to be set up in the West, North and South sides. Tho evangelists in charge will be C. L. Kirk, Ferdinand Sehiverea and Henry Smead. The Universities mission to Central Africa employs seventy Europeans at four principal centers in Africa and on Lake Nyassa, where a church steamer is maintained. Bishop Smithers is tho leader of tins mission, which extends over 25,000 square miles. In New Zealand there is a Young Woman’s Christian Temperance union of 200 members, which engages in a great variety of charitable work. It seems but a few years since New Zealand was wholly a heathen, not to say cannibal, island. Nations are bom in a day. Last year Ireland contributed $25,000 Peter’s ponce, while Canada, Mexico and the United States combined gave only $55,000. There would seem to be as great a disproportion of zeal as of wealth and population. The statistical statement of the Wesleyan Methodist church of Great Britain says that it has 423,G15 members,.indicating a net increase for the year * of 2,623. While 47,250 new members-were received during the year, 24,907*ceased to be members. This number does not include tho deaths, which amounted to 5,370, nor tho emigrations, which are set down at 752. It would be interesting to know why, nearly^,OOO* persons ceased to be members fin one year. WOMAN AND HER WORK.' The Wimodaughsis Association to Have a Home of Its Own. Objects of the Order—Unmarried Literary Women—Inexpensive Summer Costumes — Work that reduces Happiness. Vi imodaughsis bas been founded. The gTeat union of ;dl womankind is accomplished. Tho Sisters of the Red (Toss and the Woman’s Relief corps, the Woman’s Christian Temperance union, the American Suffrage association, the Woman’s National Press association and all the various literary, social and benevolent associations organized by women are to have a grand rallying place of their own in tho city of Washington. Wimodaughsis is presided over by the mystic number of seven incorporators. Miss Desha, whose executive ability is recognized by all her Kentucky friends, called the first meeting of the incorporators. in accordance with a suggestion from Miss Anthony, Miss Adelaide Johnson, Miss Gillett, well known in Washington as the seventh woman admitted to practice before the supreme court of the United States; Miss Ward and Miss Edwards, the Rev. Anna Shaw and Lucy E. Anthony, women of reputation, which is a guarantee that they will not work in a narrow groove, but will plan a home for all women, north, south, east and west, where they can meet for mutual development in loyal good fellowship. Tho particular object of the Wimodaughsis is the education of women in political science, art, literature and physical culture. As a means toward accomplishing this object there is to be procured a building devoted to tho use Df the various organizations of women that may from time to time convene, with an auditorium large enough to accommodate the largest convention that may be called of any one society or confederation of societies. There is to lie also in this building a library, reading and reception rooms, where self supporting women living in lodgings may meet and entertain their friends; an art gallery and rooms for classes, a thoroughly equipped gymnasium, a natatorium, bowling alleys aud other means of instruction and amusement. Wimodaughsis is incorporated, tho capital stock is fixed at $25,000, the price of shares is $-5, the books are open, tho treasurer has been appointed and given bonds, and already women from Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Kansas, Nebraska, New York, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee, Louisiana and the District of Columbia have taken stock and are most enthusiastically cooperating in the movement. Finally Wimodaughsis sounds tho trumpet and gives tho call to all women to rise up in their might and accept the privilege, realize the possibilities and enjoy the blessings of tho new dispensation in this gloria ms dawn of the woman’s era.—New York Sun. Unmarried Literary Women. Constance Fenimore Woolson, author of “Lake Country Sketches” and other graphic stories; Sarah Orne Jewett, who wrote “A Country Doctor” and “Deep-kaven ’ sketches, as well as other books which have proved so delightful to readers everywhere: Edith M. Thomas, the exquisite lyrist; Grace King, author of the attractive Motte,” and which veils th Wax cV T ol J-11 still unmarried. Charles Egbert Craddock, who through her brilliant characterizations and rich descriptive powers has won a lasting fame, now resides with her mother and sister at the old homestead in Tennessee, occupied with literary work, and deaf to all overtures on the part of lier many admirers looking to marriage. Gail Hamilton is too much wrapped up in her self independence ever to give the subject of matrimony a moment’s thought if taken into personal consideration. while Kate Field, as tho great public knows, is too much iii love with journalism to believe she would be happier as the wife of any living man. The Cary sisters, Phoebe and Alice, never married, but dwelt together all their lives, each bound up in tho love-of the other. There was a bond of close friendship existing between them and the poet Whittier, and one of his choicest lyrics, “Tho Singers,” refers wholly to those two gifted women. Jean Bigelow, now considerably more than 55, has never been married. Sho has always been devoted in a marked degree to her mother, and while tho latter lived tho two dwelt together. Miss Bigelow is much given to works of charity, and among other beneficent acts is in the habit of giving regularly at her lovely Kensington home to tho poor, old and young, what arc known as “copyright dinners,” from the proceeds of her own books. The charming novelists, Jane Austen, Mary Russell Mitford, Charlotte Bronto, as also other women of equal celebrity in English letters, remained true to maidenhood.—New York Star. £ outrun Octave ? persui ricing c i tale, “Monsieur Tlianet, a name iii tv of a western iginality, are all (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WE! Not Many Women Printers. Women printers a few years ago were a standing menace to the trade, in the view of the men printers, and the question of their admittance to typographical unions threatened to become a burning issue in the labor world. In this city it was settled for the time being by the admission of the women to Union No. G, with the condition that they be not allowed to Work for less wages than men. This handicapped the women heavily, for the trade is not one in which a woman can hold her own with a man on equal terms, hut even at this it was not satisfactory to a large element among the men, who objected to having women in the trade at all, and the trouble continually threatened to break out in new spots. Meanwhile, however, the matter has been summarily settled out of court, as it were. W# anon don't want to bo printers any more. The introduction of tho typewriter and the opening up of other lines of employment more Agreeable and suitable for a woman seem to havo relieved the female labor market of tho greater part of the women who used to want to he printers. it is said by officers of Typographical Union No. G that there are not over 300 women printers in New Y'ork now’. One hundred of these are in the union. They work chiefly in large hook printing offices. where the hours are easy and there is no rush. A few are in the morning newspaper offices working as distributors in the afternoon. Women have worked as compositors cai some of tho morning papers, but the cases -were exceptional. such as where a man died and his widow was allowed to take his case until she could get something better to do. It is thought that tho number of women printers is decreasing constantly, in spite of the rapid growth of the trade. Men say it is a good thing, not only for selfish reasons, but because the trade. although generally classed as a light and easy one, is really too wearisome, too unhealthy and in other ways unsuited for women.—New Ytork Sun. At ork That Creates liappiuew. The H. H. IL, or Head. Heart and Hand club, is a band of young girls which was funned in the Girls’ Night school about two years ago. It had two strong objects to keep it vigorously alive. ri he first was for study and self improvement after they left night school, and the second was t< > do helpful work among the poor and sick of the cit". They are all busy girls, working in offices, shops and stores, and some cf them have long, tiresome hours of toil; yet they make time to care for the needs of friendless folk and are glad to carry a little sunshine into hopeless lives.* The second Sunday in each month they go over to the hospital on Blackwell’s Island. Miss Mary J. Pierson, a teacher in tho Fifth street school and principal of the Girls’ Night school, is their leader, adviser and friend. lier ready sympathy, tact and direction keep keenly alive their interest in this work, and her encouragement gives unflagging zeal to their labors. John P. Faure, a busy merchant, a school trustee of the Ninth ward and an active, practical philanthropist, gives the II. H. H. club a certain sum of money monthly to be expended for the benefit of the sick at the hospital. He, the boys from the Knights of Temperance and of late young men from the Society of St. Andrew accompany the hand over to the hospital. The boys carry the blue bags stuffed with good food for the sufferers and lend a hand when needed, and their voices play no unimportant part in the singing.—New Y’ork Tribune. Mrs. (.Iiulstonc’s Reception. At the annual federation of the Liberal Women’s World a short time ago Mrs. Gladstone, as president of the association, gave a largo reception, to which flocked women of every age and class. The house in St. James’ square was ablaze with light and every room thrown open to the guests. Ylrs. Gladstone’* room was the most crowded, tile attraction doubtless being the largo collection of photographs which cover the walls, among them beingprints of the ex-prime minister during infancy, boyhood and early manhood. On tho bed was draped the famous coverlet of white .-'ilk and gold threads presented by the cotton weavers of London. Other gifts and testimonials lay about in every direction, indicative of the est ’em in which Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone are held by a large part of the community. At the recepti« >n given in Lord Brassup’s home to the federation a la dies’ orchestra furnished the music and Countess Tolstoi received the guests. Tho countess is tall in stature, very handsome, her manner is said to be entrancing. sho speaks in a low, richcon-tralto voice and her English is faultless. The chief object of the federation is not so much for eloctionary purposes as to watch over tho interests of women and children, and to educate the former to understand their responsibilities as ci t i zens. —Ex change. Two Inexpensive Summer Costumes. Here are two pretty and inexpensive costumes which, with care, can lie worn all summer, and will always look cool, charming and refined: A cream white wool, kilted, with every third kilt trimmed with cream colored gros grain ribbon with a satin edge, or with moire ribbon put on in straight perpendicular rows; a bodice opening over a blouse vest which has a moire yoke, the lapels of the jacket faced with the same; or a round waist fitting snugly, with loops and ends of the ribbon falling at the side. A cream white Leghorn hat faced with moss velvet, with a large cluster of white ostrich tijis on the outside run through with a handsome gold pin. The second dress is an accordion plaited shirt of pale mauve clairette, bordered with live horizontal rows of mauve ribbon, a white surah blouse and the open mauve jacket with white sarah revers: white straw hat trimmed with white lat • and lilac orchids. Another equally pretty and inexpensive costume might be a silver gray Henrietta cloth, accordion plaited, silver ribbon trimmings run through silver buckles, gray silk parasol lined with pink silk, ami a hat of Neapolitan braid trimmed with velvet maidenhair fem sprays and a cluster of pale pink crushed roses.—New York Post. How tlio Girls Swim at Lasell. Splash! And ripples upon the surface of the water marked the point of disappearance in the swimming tank of a fair nereid It was at basoll seminary, and a dozen or more young women were swimming in the natatorium. It was the last swim of the year for them in the tank, and they made the most of it, showing themselves to be no less at homo in the water than thor are uniformly found to bo in the drawing room and upon tho campus. They swam with tho froodom of South Boston gamins, yet with a grace all their own. They dived and jumped, swam above water and under water, swam with a strong and regular breast stroke, or with the moro graceful, if leas rapid, gido stroke. They swam singly ana in pairs, one couple especially gliding through the water on their backs, two of their arms interlocked, the other two motionless, with an ease and grace of motion that was well worth witnessing. In diving, too, they were especially graceful, and two of tho girls appeared to bo as much at homo underwater aa on its-suxfacc. They are taught tho stroke to counting, being suspended in an easy harness that they cannot sink, aud it is notnintil they master the proper rhythmic movement of arms and legs that they are allowed to go independent of support. The girls take to tho sport with a keen relish, and Miss Ransom states that sho has had about fifty pupils during, the year. Each Friday evening such of tho girls as can swim are allowed tho freedom of the tank.—Cor. Boston Herald. The Kind of Talk Man Wants. This is a serious, angular old world. Men are sick and tired of slirewdness, logic, argument and brains. Therwant to bo amused, distracted, diverted. Good sense is tedious after tho market closes, and the woman who talks profit and loss, supply and demand, premium and discount in evening dress, in tho motalright or at a dinner party-is a nightmare in petticoats to be eluded at tho first turn in tho lane. Change is rest, and while wo hate giggling wo love gabble. There is where the coquetry of woman wins. I remember riding in an elevated train behind a grizzly man of fifty and a breezy, chatty girl enveloped in fluttering ribbons, dreamy lace and the scent of wild olives, who was pouring society chat into her companion’s ear. When a lull came in hor recital do you think he sighed restfully? Not a bit of it. His only remark was, “Tell me some more. —New Y’ork World. Fits, spasms, St. Vitus dance, nervousness and hysteria are soon cured by Dr. Miles’ Nervine. Free samples at J. II. AV itte’s drug store. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY. Taking Pictures by Means of Balloons and Kites. Instant aneling Views Secured fly Cameras In Mid-Air—How Hie Work is Accomplished—Th** First Successful Attempt. Aeronauts and others have for some time past endeavored to produce photographs from a balloon, and have met with very considerable success. It would be difficult to say who was j the first to make photographs from a ! balloon, but there is no doubt that M. j Nadar, of Paris, has done more in this direction than any one else. Some very satisfactory results were obtained by him by means of a camera attached to the side of the car. But the idea of sending a camera alone up into the air was one that occupied the attention of scientists, for the reason that it obviated the necessity of sending up aeronauts ani, i i consequence, a much smaller balloon would be required. In the year 1881 my father, the late W. Ii. Woodbury’, invented and patented a balloon camera of this kind. The principal part of the apparatus is a drum, holding four sensitive dry plates; this drum is wound up, and by means of a small electro magnet a catch was released, and the plates could he brought into position successively. The lens was covered with an instantaneous shutter, opening and closing the lens in the l-250th part of a second. This also was controlled by a small electro i lagnct. The wires connected with these two magnets, and one for the return current, were inclosed in tin* rope that held the balloon, so that the operator on terra firma, by simply sending a current through these wires, could work the movements of the camera os easily* as if it were in his own hands. HOW THE PICTURE IS TAKEN. The operation was this: Ho touched one button and sent a current to one electro magnet, which brought a plate into position. By’ means of a telescope the behavior of tho balloon could be seen. Directly it was in a steady position a current was sent, by pressing another button, through, the second electro magnet; this released the shutter and the exposure was made. When the four plates had been exposed the camera was drawn tc the ground, the plates developed into negatives, and by means of a magic lantern their image was thrown on to a screen or largo piece of paper. With a piece of chalk tho outlines wore sketched out and the position of the enemy’s fortifications, their strength and position, could at once be seen by all the officers. From a recent number of La Nature i9 reproduced ai' account of a photographic kite recently invented by M. A. Balut, of Enlaure. To the kite is attached a small photographic < rn: ra by means of a triangular support fixed to the backbone. The camera is provided with an I instantaneous shutter actuated by’ means of a slow match. Before flying the kite this match is lighted, and when combustion has proceeded so far as to set fire to a small thread it releases tho spring of the shatter and the exposure is made. AN AERIAL BAROMETER. Another very’ novel feature of this ingenious apparatus is the use of a registering aneroid barometer attached to the kite so that the operator can find out the altitude which the kite has ascended above tho ground. This barometer is combined with a photographic registering apparatus which operates at the same time as the camera. It is inclosed in a light, tight box, and tho instant that the shutter of tho photographic camera is released and tho exposure made an aperture closed by tho shutter is uncovered through the burning of the match. At the moment the aperture is uncovered the luminous rays strike tho dial and print tho shadows of the two needles (mechanism and index needles) upon a piece of sensitized paper with which the dial is provided. To tho thread attached to the shutter, and which gives tho exposure when burned, is fixed a piece of paper which at the same time detaches itself and falls to the ground, indicating co tho operator that the exposure has been made. The kite is then hauled in and the plate developed. Another curious form of aerial photographic apparat a French invent*' sists of a phot >gr to a rocket. An is aho fixed to th fired into the i.i soon as the rock opens out, and tin fully to the earth, cylindrical in for circumference tw plate is in the c* is being developed by % AI. Denessc. It eon-iphic camera attached .abrella like parachute re*Yet stick. When ■ this in closed, but as t begins to descend it i whole returns graee-In thi > the camera is i and has round its •Ive lenses—a sensitive .enter. The lenses are provided with a shutter which oj>ensand closes instantly on the camera commencing to descend. It is then drawn back to th*' cinerator by a cord attached before the firing of the rocket. The principal advantage fit this form of apparatus are cheapness of operating and freedom from risk.—Walter E. Woodbury in Cassell’s. THE TRAMP'S PARADISE. A navi'ii til Rest Provided for the Road Agents by a Jersey Fanner. In Camden county, not far from Delair, at Morrisville, lives a plain old German farmer, blessed with a big farm and abundance of tins world’s goods. His hospitality to the houseless and homeless wanderers the world calls tramps is known from Maine to New Orleans and from ocean t > ocean. On tho Beckenbach place is a big barn. In tins barn, in winter and in summer and on any day in the year, whether it Christmas, New Year or the Fourth of July, can be found women with children in their arms, a shiftless fisherman with a ragged snit on him and a shil-lelah in his hand, or some sturdy and homeless German outcast, perhaps, with a trunk on his shoulder, trudging over from tho railway station to the Beckenbach bam, which by some fine free-mas* airy among tho tramps of America is known as a “Saint’s Rest” for the homeless wanderer a thousand miles away seeking rest or idleness, or, it may be, a da>’’s work with “Pilgrim sehoon and scallop shell." If the stranger sits on the porch of any one of the farm houses on the main road leading to Morrisville he will be greeted at any hour of the day with the inquiry". “Is this the way to Bec ken bac b's bam?” And you can tell with your eyes shut that the inquirer, be he a man or a woman, is seeking a temporary refuge under the eaves of Beckenbach’s bam. Now it will In* a frowsy looking woman, with draggled skirts, half a bonnet and an old shawl, in one comer of which is wrapped a baby not old enough to walk or talk. If it is a warm day she may sit down on the grass, after getting her bearings and distances to the bara, with her back up against a tree, and she may pause long enough to take a nap, with her head hanging over one shoulder,while her prattling babe, unconscious of its shabby surroundings, crawls through the high grass and plucks with tiny fingers, tho daffy-down-dillies which dot the greensward like day stars. Next it may be a great hulking German, with a military air, as if ho had fought with Von Moltke, or in better days tak**n a “schooner” with Bismarck. This man wears high ti pped boots, with a great box like a sailor’s ( hest, which is strapped on his shoulders, and tho Teutonic traveler with a big pipe in his mouth pauses long enough to say, “Vere vos dot Beckenbach’s bani.” There will be a sc re or more along today’, looking liki> Falstaffa ragged regiment, all kings and queens in shreds, tatters and patches. And it is a substantive fact that a tramp in Texas made an engagement in midwinter with a fellow nomad at El Paso, saying: “Yah, Jacob, I meets you again when dose peas all must be pick’t down by dot Beckenbach bara in Jersey.* And when the voice of the turtle dove was heard in tho land the two tramps met at Beckenbach’s barn af: cr aa honest day's toil in the generous < >< rman's pea patch at Morrisville. Molt of theso picture sque tramps allege* that they are seeking w rk. Some of them arc, and none of them goes away empty handed from the honest German’s plantation who is willing to do a fair day’s work tor gc They begin by pie bach’s bam is a f*or change,when the D get field hands, moi I usy season. Af) over they struggh berry flurry only vines, which yield the nomad workers a financial harvest of no mean measure. Then come tin* re-1 raspberry, the culti- <1 wages. ieking peas. Becken-•rt (if agricultural ex-lair farmers Come to an I female, for tho r tho pea season is through tho sfraw-*»tackle the tomato vated blackberry, c down to peach se; loupes and waterm# 3S and citron currants carne au! when Jack Frost comes the colony of tramps thin out and seek a softer climate and milder skies. There is a boss even amen Spani.-h Dick is I >• >.- s < if the B barn. Dr. Dunbar Hylton Spanish Dick is de.s< el dedfr tramps, kenbach say s that n a Spanish hidalgo with a bar £ six languages, and vv sario in Jenny Lind’ den, but has now de mister. He speaks as once an impres-11ime at Castle Gar-scended to In* a boss GOOD ROADS WANTED. A Pennsylvania Man Talks Plain I on an Important Subject. I nlit St reef Coni niMnloncrH Th#- VA rift ii'* I iii si uni* that Brod u«-»* tin- R»'*r Keaait* — An (dent I'ralri** Koan. integrate Another binding # c«» rn hi na! tough?; -together crush mu good bit coni para’ a harder igneous have but sandy d< their wi stones ar Henry \v. Kratz, of Schwenksville, Pa., made some very pointed remarks about road supervisors and their work in the address on the advantages (if good country' roads which he d> Ii vere* I recently before the Pennsylvania state board of agriculture. “It is amazing,” said Mr. Kratz, “to see what unfitness th* re is among men serving in the capacity of street commissioners; they apj>ear to have ii > < < >rre ;t idea of the quality of tho material require*! h r road use, no judgment or knowledge as to its proper prepiration and little or nu conception as ti > its correct application upon the ■ re ets. It would seem from the maimer in whi< h many <»f them do their work that they    nob*) really believe that two or more large un-    “Ce cracked stones can occupy the same place in at the same time and remain th-re. Thee . when donut appear to know that oj**n spat* - I stone are created b tween th*- larger stones j fie ca composing th*- firet layer upon tie- street able, bed, and that those spares sh*>ul*l 1>- sap- of the pli**d with smaller stones, and soon using ing p still smalLr stones until the material i- : spinel ready to be consolidated and packed in I surfa* orde r that a dry and smooth street may from be the result.    so di “Now the same inefficiency that : re- sen p Vails among street commissioners in I ing many burougha is found among the sn- marl] P-misers of townships. In order ti we may have lien* Arial and uitisfact* public roads men should ho elected pervisors who have acquired a knit* edge of road construction through th T ■ • I to the wear ‘arid- is thai I tis is rarely found! rtreme hardness al ■ well con-Jala# I in a mass res | vin when loose, a| rty enables a Ste t > wear better thi i do* snot bind. I is rocks, as a rn ring property. I a is f -rraed fr< Rich the in divide trio road, has no e i-. a.J that whi | n I which it con Iry. The materia • in dry weather a ace are displace ►thor hand, farms} w ra h has cousid wh n softened heavy traf fie hardness a re of more importance th tg properti cs, ar,d the b# .als av - tr ap-q basalts a (irdmary ■ granite is g#m* >r road ie laterial, from t tho f i *1*1-ri par, and gneiss • I with advanta fable and when o stand heavy tr; ara both very di red in the select! They have no bir this account & limestone. Aren. er, always res# .r of two materia lure-. Liniest*# laid on as a bin n-flirtation vc Karp edges of t i-* so much col among the pea pickers on the old German’s farm. There are traces of dignity and erudition in the way Hidalgo Dick issues his orders in a strawberry patch. —Cor. Philadelphia Times. A Long Rn cc. Steamship races aer* >ss th--Atlantic are common enough—more common, perhaps, than they should be- but a race merely fr< en New York to Liverpool is a small affair compared with * a - which took place recently between the French steamship Salazie and the English steamship Orizaba, which had a little tried of speed betwee n Melbourne and Marseilles, by way of th* - Suez canal-Lance of some ll,(KO miles. The Salazie did not rial bourne until three hours a zaba had sailed. She arri’ laid**, South Australia, at the same tim**. After toi Western Australia, t steamer . though both made ti best possible time aer ocean, saw nothing rn or until they had entered ti Her** the French steam b*- some distance in adv; glish, although they vvor of each other. Th** Englisnmai chase, aud succeeded iii overhaul! not in passing the Salazie, and tin preceded the Orizaba through th*-The Orizaba and the Salazie ker total distrain Mel-r tho Ori-d at Ade-ibout tho it Albany, the two very near together through through the Modi terra n was not really a long -the distance of more ti miles between YI* ll. n but rather a “brush’ the Suez canal. The steamers often jour gether on l*»^g v va panion. Indian of each other Red sea. • was found to ice of the Enin plain view i gave ng but * latter canal. it quite oumey “race” »vering Giusaad jut tho j eon. The raggle, ct mn ten th own oDservation, from the experience of men who have been engage I in th- work and from actual study of th** differ, ut methods #*f making and req lairing1 who possess some engineer ing skill and who are willing, when*-vt r sustained by tho people, to exercise th a power con- ferred upon them by the r ad laws of this commonwealth to ma' ce an*l main- lain good and respectable roads. “Judge Yerkes, of the Bucks count court, recently delivered an opinion in hts and duties < ma Ai if general in- Ii case involving the right* road supervisors which terest. On the demand of certain tax I th payers of Bensalem township Moses ig Vandegrift, tho supervisor, made a con- ai tract with them for making a g< I and st substantial roadbed upon a specified part " of the highways of tho township* either by macadamizing tho same or by the nso of stone and gTav■< I, or in such other way as should be deemed advisable and proper to make a permanent benefit to tho township. The work appears to have been done to the supervisor’s satisfaction, and the cost wa.-' claimed as a* redit against the amount charged to him upon tho township duplicate. “The cost, according to the contract, ira#* and Marseilles, tor pre- great o •deuce in -anviling near to-th’s Corn- equaled the amount cf tax# township fr< .rn the taxpayer*, with wh* the contract was made. auditors disallowed th* ground that the supervi authority in making si Judge Yerkes md that r dearly within the law; supervisor had the right also for the makin.r. I sn law contemplate--, and < ■ mentioned by th - act. might result in making ;i ter of road than is us na the ordinary super! than the statute iiiten made. “Judge Yerkes said I making such imprav* mei as would keep them <• ms ttl6 lorn iwnship on th** -.led his to make. It was a h a road jus the f the materials It was true it i I letter characine provided by , but no better and a to eat hat mstea its to the I tautly in r< J’ imnedin I of nos th.: we n*'' the mat wen J t. as. wh ca van *:; - ana oft . vv ar I y which t j ve peris he I. Stoa I tot of uniform hai , ii unequal wear roa lot so smooth as wh very heavy the hard .vat advantages lr# perries, in which t r -ks arc d.-ficiei ac upaxutivelyweil r than harder stem •lidat-.- so well. T i ti o carboniferous ■. the Devonian a; •r Silurian rocks. is quickly and we ing a si.rt of mort wh >le together ai )oth road. The we * : tirely on tho si i it may lie cousid* ws ii > signs of wea bless is so far reduc rar able to te ar t “tori*. An unusual iris up the crust, ai cees vvith little war length and durabili ;at*-rials is a dither ie. No test but actu an bo f ally relied ol easy to that o or three tunes as lo# a -st impossible to ta coir urn stances und Dosed to wear.” iii* * I Ii If I us pr d ti a vi Illuminated. ( hi** bv one rn** my-teri -s * I the animal world are yielding before the investigations «.f naturalists. San - very curious information is given in a recent issue of a French scientific periodical regarding microbes-that have the faculty of being linous. loonlight night a sp >t of greenish ■is noticed on the s< ashore. Un un lunation the light 'n vvitiiia ii crust ac ah: ms or sand ii* bi ling the antenna* at. Only tho tho luminous figure. Ho wa iv in >ro slowly than is nature v des nvcr the sand, similarly illuminati d night for usual for the si tense of repairs upon the nard I it was feet mac apr*- the mid# r* ads bv throwing *1 f] lo earth, unbroken rolling whatever ditch# -r rn::* it IL tain# Road. r to The Bnrlingb s to his paper as follow make an ideal road f o<try it would be son: : I would have sixte* with some material he r iud, and on each si width of dirt road f it of tho city. Farth r* ad might be narrow f r. Tile reason for ti alongside, wit lithe condition of tho r nu f< >r repairs or filling up. Th*** self Inn One i light vv closer' come I r genus talitre, ph. .rose spots i proceed to that Othei were s uniqu ■ his cl iv van cpi VV. red to of tthen tire was phos -lark ' worse, if not nearly im pa I season, while poor ones we simply the min * ditch* 3 did not furnish si tali tr es but his teemed to bo a -tin.-boa. Tho next day one of was examined under a micr-> was full (J a singular kind of luminous microbes. app -ar on the L in the sand of the • ■ s on meat an I in sa: what their phosphor#** is ii These 4< lace -boro, water nee is scop-. I bacteria, limb of tiles sometim fish. Ju due to is not clearly understoo I. Other tali tree were inoculated tho bacteria. In less than thr • days they shone with a whit*- Ii rut. They remained in this stat*- from three to six days, apparently not greatly inconvenienced by the presence of the in ion .bos. Then came a motionless state, which lasted thro*- or four days, when they (lied, and a few hours later the fatal illumination faded.—Youth's Companion. sighted and too oft j repairing roads was fr< n by the taxpayer fur two te-cause supposed lobe ii second, it permitted taxes without Ivin; valuable material a tor lab r ;hat a dir demand. “The judge sugg# of this ineffectual the highways of e most needed' should a state of permanen such tem nova lnd in the plar is tha t ti; re is no ri md aa good a? cfert nee to dirt road \ : hen dry and smooth. In d ie ne* ■■•sri tv w e. ther ti ■ i: iv* i would be on the di onse juence roa* I, savii <g the hare! track, and vi were made veri- *1 it? *t weath* r, saving both. T able for a wri I .or has id s vv, experience in th neg lect* I. line iii tho •la cs gone by. when we had diatc side plat ; fr rn Middletown to Bt able mate* ling ton. ii mn idy tim s we all we Thi s short on t lk road; in dry weather t 3 SVS tem of dirt road v vas used. If some of our wi y ap proved mer I waul #1 frame some law to impro SOUS First, our roads : • would ci infer a great be nsiv o, and, ©fit to co linty and state. Indiana h r. im to vv> irk out his required to furnish t<> provide the bet-rent method would Tho Way in thr While in Canada rec a candy store to make Provinces. ntly I went into a purchase, and, as I had .always done at home, sampled some of the varieties piled on the counter. And what do you think I found? Cayenne p#*ppcr! Ar first I supposed it was some candy mad*- for April fool’s day, but pi L*s which which,* had ■ purchased, was in each Somers eat-r,” said my s raid; and in thi.-> Sampit when I sampled two < th r looked tempting, and from they pleased me, I should have; I found that cayenne pepper \. piece. “In ord«*r to stop cast# ing candy they don’t pay for companion. I tell you I was when I thought of th*; wa country, where one is asked everything unknown before baying, I told the clerk I didn t want the caramels.—New Y#,rk Tribune. Uhea{tenini; Ocean It has been computed, as an ilia."; ration of the great cheapening of ocean freights which ha taken place in recent years, that h Kl a sheet of note paper will develop suffi* ii ut power, when burned in connection with tho triple expansion engine, to carry a ton a mile in an Atlantic steamer.— PLK,id* iphia Record. clit hat if, instead El* m1, a portion of each township where d each year lie put in tit improvement, with repairs only as are need#h1 to other j)#*rtions. in a few years the same expenditure would remit in a system of safe, good and j permanent roads which would not re-I quire half th*- expenditure incurred by I the system now practiced, j “In rn# t I calities people practically prevent the construction of good roads, cither by refusing to elect mentor supervisors wh >, j; elected, woald improve tho roads, or by defeating an th** succeeding election those who, by reason of having better r> iud construction, increase taxation. For an increase of tax to tho amount of IO cents on $!0Oand even less, b* cause of r ad improvement, a sit-pervisor would be overwhelmingly defeated in many of the townships of this “Under the present law the desire I result could gradually be realized by Constructing a- many milos of stone road annually asaron aableassessment ap#ju property valuation and th#* amount received from Tis.- state (if appropriated) would permit. The state aport,priation should only be given, however, upon the condition that sujM-rvisors of each township construct a certain distance of road each and * very year. I believe that tho present road 1 tw. ii not rep- uh d, should b<- so modified as to annul the clause jm r-mitting taxpayers to workout their own I taxes, ]»- canso the work done byth-* tax- | payers, as a rule, is performed without knowledge or care.” made her thoroughfares so you c: trav I fr# iu one part to another witho muddying v ar vehicle, while Ohio st goes floundering through the mu e the wisest statesmen? it would be better to pay o in cash instead of workin old Iki as much wisdom in sa lid preach out my tithes, tea# choel tax, board out my po > d mand me to work out ii Winch a I thin road ta: There vv ing I she out my tax, as 1 road tax The I: many ai reded L hay was toll, VV hi cattle an i realizing about $G because v would hxv lost all profit in hauling or ie wretched roads. from a home market a ohs. My mind was t Dine two years ago, wh# j in Burlington for $16 a we were feeding good hay hay ova Hew if*' Ti *1 Ointment* for C itarrh tit I on tarn Mercnrjr, *y will -urely destroy the still and completely derange ti item when entering it throng roils rf aces. Such ar? id ver Im- i.-.-il *-xcept on pr*-seri cpu ta hie physicians, as th.- Jai will do is tell fold to the go*. possibly derive from then turrh Cure, manufactured by . a < «... Toledo. O., contains n and i- taken internally, ar A. upon th#* blood and rn UCO** J ihesyst* in. Ii   Hall hire b. sure* yon get the gen - taken internally and mad* iii!**, by I . J. ( honey A Co. d by all druggists, price 75c “When ar*- von going •!>t' Debtor: “That’s not mfound< d business.” “But coney.” -That's none of iii I business." Dermal! Joke Itoii’t < »r*' l«» Kilt." In • irn :* 11 st eolith!* nee that Hood is I , eoimnt'fitit-d for loss of app ck hernia*-fee and sirnih •lain*- vent I) tents ti sr*-stion. and nutkest in delicate h*-silt s.o-sapariUa a few day winy for and eating ti m-jwtttil relish. TI Mi oz ?< ISaeklin’s Arnica Salv*-. best salve in the world tor ., sores, uh *-r-, -alt rheum, tetter, « liapped hands, chill? eruptions, ar- Th# bra is# sores, corns and all -kin tively cures piles, or no pay re * is guaranteed to give perf**ct -or money refunded, i’ri*-*- 25 box. For sal*? at Henry’s druj Occdttm’8 Pills cure Sick.-]i* ;uia< materials for roads.    I *fr; i The Varieties of Stone That Produce the I if Rest. Results. There ar*- many pr<>pertie9 requisite in j a good road making material. Hard- j I ness, toughness and ability to with-I stand th*- weather are ereential and I m j should l>e carefully conoid -red. Thomas j I ; j Codrington, in his book on tho manitou- J i alme of macadamized roads, said:    ai ■    “These three    qualifications are    by no    | ,hl i    means always    found together.    Thus    i i flint, though hard, is often brittle, and I I some schist cee or slaty rocks, although I Ti"‘ . TV" !ravr.r-,il"' rf.n'*J,.l"Kco2! ,    .    ,    I    ness,    ana    soft    tii    auty    iiufMtf    ted to the skin l>] hard ami tough When quarried, often dis- * Pwaoni’n Powder, commends it to a ladies, '• work I ll give yo said tin* .ind-hearte follow my profeesio aimed the tramp, “fci < r sis .iK- r." Life. II Not Already Familiar to V OII, w-'ie-k it to try ti lmttle of M.-eruitV-’s 4’uil ’sing#* when suffering trout Headache, Constipation, Fever, ]| Disorder#*! Liver, Indigestion, I oth«T kindred affections. ;