Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.
Loading...

OCR Text

Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - December 6, 1925, Burlington, Iowa SECOND SECTION THE BURLINGTON HAWK SECOND SECTION I BURLINGTON, IOWA: SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 6,1925. """ " —1 1  ~    -t:-"    1    r--    —...............   ,- _-------■ Study at First Hand. A NR wav cc I * v< fort ACA is at war. A jrirat army, well armed, thorolv organized and ..pped is demanding and receiving an annual tribute of • dollars from the citizens of the United States, the people are supinely paying it, wondering what causes edition of affairs, hoping that something, somehow, some-tappen to relieve the situation—but doing practically to help themselves. war is between the honest, dcwnt, self-supporting citi-; the violators of law, the men and women who live by upon their fellow men and, up to the present time, the law and order have been fighting on the defensive. Not lie defensive but a weak defensive at that, steadily losing J IOU Cltizt can I (Ding will I cent. la ct>nt i ward to lat tai The citizen** of the town of Fort Madison had executed a deed conveying tfn am u of land for the building: site. Amos I .add wa* appointed superintendent of the building June 6, ISS). “Tile first building was a plain two-story stone structure, with cells to hold ISS convicts, and with rooms at one end for the warden and his family. A board or plank stockade was built, with sentry houses, which enclosed several acres of ground where the prisoners could exercise under guard. It was begun on the 9th of July. I KSS; the main building and w'arden’s house were completed in the fall of IMI. It was estimated to cost $65.SSS.SO. Other additions were made from time to time until the building and arrangements were complete according to the plan of the director*. It has answered the purpose of the state as a penitentiary for more than 86 year*, and during Diet period many items of practical experience in prison ma nag* mcnt have been gained. IOWA PFX ITI .ATI ARY IS SEE.F si PINtRTIXt. 44fTMlH Iowa pi attentiar> is one of M. the very few in the country that is self-supporting. Six large farms, the chair and furniture industry, clothing, and shoe industries furnish the main source of revenue for the state. “Inmate* from the prison farm over two thousand sere* In la-e county, and men from the prison are sent to Woodward to farm the state farm of 1.100 acres there, and we have thirty men working at the state park at Winterset, twenty at Forest City, and ten at Ruthven. All of the work on these farms and the state park* is done by prisoner* selected by the officers of the prison, with only one farm superintendent on each farm or I park. The men are‘practically placed MAJOR HOLLOWELL SOUNDS A CALL TO ARMS s a    •    a    $    $    a    a    ss*. Warden of State’s Prison Declares Well Organized, Armed and Equipped Army of Crime Is Making War in This Country and Urges Aggressive Campaign Against It \\'c Must Be as Hard-Boiled With the Law Violator as the I.aw Violator is With His Victims Declares Man Who lias Had Opportunity to the Criminal A id the opposing army is large, numliering close to a mil->t <»ag, it would be hopelessly outnumbered were the good s alf as well organized and determined. The crime army ■V ipletely demoralized and defeated. But theorizing, cod-cnminal, letting him buy his freedom by the fines route,    on their honor, and usually    stay    there iccomplish this end. Unless the public realizes that de-    »ntn released    by    discharg*    or    parole. a v-abidmg citizens must be about as hard-boiled with the »Thi* ,h* mor* " takable "he. \ *iator as the law-violator is with the public, the little will a in favor of the law-violator. ll s:> in view of this condition that Major Thomas P. Hollowed v n of the state’s prison at Fort Madison, has sounded a call a is. Newspaper man, soldier of two wars, criminologist, a I about fifty per cent of the    and 1 has had the best of opportunities to study the law-vio-    *,xt> n**r rrnt    cf    «he hog*. ■*------*    •‘T/vtv.” Unllmi.nll lo n/if ilin oai4 4 A .’All A/i a    RODS I tem, and even many of the crook*’ change lake* place; many people ami themselves #do not seem to realise the criminal lawyer* b an haekwanl when their prints* are taken, they In «lemamllng a fair trial ami delaying are identified for all time, no matter punKhiwnl a* nineli a* powrfMr. wh.ther they are picked up in Maine I Chiel I bright rightly say*. ‘We    should or California. England or Ecuador, wb for the iii tun anil    mn    for    IIH* The only trouble now seems to be to i ertmlnal.’ keep up w ith the great number of HMIAX ll OX DI III ! I. print* that are received, and to file them to they will br of service at the proper time. The American people must be brought to realise the great value of this Information so that proper laws can Im* passed and plans made to back up the men who are actually doing this work why prisons ahi: ti Ij.. 44l/t\ EKV K« ’I »Y i* a*'    >.    w    !.v ilJlN EKV Aa ur I.*/* CATTLE. MfpHE State of Iowa, at Its inxtltu-* lions over the state, has soma of the finest herds of Holstein cattle In the world. *74 or more, producing milk and cream to the value of $204.-€15.82 last year. Not a single outlaw or wild, unmanageable animal In all these herds at the .sixteen state Institutions. The non-producers and wild, unmanageable animals have been prison* are full and piany of t eliminated by keeping only sire* and th# rn o\ercrowif. d. Is it prohibition, j dams that wills bring Into the world the war. or what? Th#* ival nx**»ti I* sons and daughters that will bt' a Hie th *lrc for «*a*y money, the finger- ; credit to the state, and p ly their own print system, the efficiency of th© of- way with the milk and cream they fleer* of the law and the bur**aus of produce. Each animal is a credit to ide ntification. When a convict** prints *He state, and Is a peaceful. Inward tak« n, he is marked for all time, abiding member of th#* animal kirigami in ev#*ry state in th** Union. If j dom. I*ra#*tically all the stockmen he finds one stat© Is getting too hot and farmers generally of the state fol-for him and decides to operate In I l°w this law of raising stock—in other oth* r territory, his criminal record Is* words. the outlaw in the animal king-available the next time he Is picked J dom is not allowed to reproduce, and up. even tho he has moved to a far-off consequently, Iowa is noted for It* state, and he not only has to do time wonderful herds of cattle, horses. MAJ. T. P. HOLLOWELL Warden of Iowa Pe nit en-fiary who wants against tin of Ut tc-r iota tors now ar in America. Lamia making it — - — i —.J. it is considered that many of them* men arc lifer*. “At Fort Muflison w«* kill nine | men would not hav«- been executed beeves and «*ighteen h«*ad of hogs each J for committing the murders week to furnish meat for the Institu tlon. On the state farms we rats# for one crime, but he is brought back lo answer for his former offenses. “Doing time is the one thing criminals do not like to do. “You ran take their money away from them. put th# rn in the ‘hole/ or any other form of punishment, and J they do not seem to care, but when they really have to do extra time. that Is what hurts. IOW A'S ( MU H LLY SELECTED. HE counties of this state, by due proc# ss of law. se I#'Ct their un-desirable citiz»ns and send them to Fort Madison or Anamosa. This is at first hand, “Tom” Hollowell is not the sort to sound a ™V‘7xvuxthv* Nor is he a reformer, as the term is generally mis-    ‘ aiarm. I Hi m*u his fellow citizens to this dancer. .    4<npHH    country    Is    h#‘lng    floode#!    with applied. He senses a real dancer to his country■. He is trying to I rbt.ap r^ou# r*. pistol* and »u- A STRUGGLE SINCE DAWN OF HISTORY “AY ) ve always had. and always I constructive labor should be the basis I I have crime and crim!- of all reformatory discipline. lid Warden Hollowell. “The “Eighty-five p«*r cent of the men f doing what is best for the discharged from Fort Madison make nd also protecting society good. and I believe the main reason they stay out of serious trouble is be ls as old as time itself, and to the time Cain slew I* ie lr nu thirteen thousand men have * v#*d at the Fort Madison ry since it was established ' and over twelve thousand ive been dis* harg< d, the popu- * ty b* ing 1,006. This Is an Claude Diner, Sioux Cit* bavin** wife and family; Ira I'nvey. • x**cut«'d for committing the murder with a revolver. <Se**rgr Feadlck. l>e* Moines, grtwer. leaving wif#> and family. Eugene Wetks and tirrle Cross, execute for committing the murder with an automat lr. Itergthold Halfpap, Fort Dodge grocer. leaving wife and family: William Oland* r. executed for committing the j murder with a revolver, and two oth- . _.    ___ „ L _    I    « r von nu men aent to prison for life. low prices, and an>bod> man, worn-J fettle Hate## of Ottumwa:    Archie an or child. Christian or criminal, can Fur ria. executed for committing get any six#- or number, with plenty murder with an automatic. of ammunition, no questions asked, by “Those are just a few of the mur tomatlca. Every cheap magazine contains ads of wonderful guns at very that they found it #*asy to have a re voicer or automatic with th* in did !**»> Glass, life imprisonment. Frank Livingstone, life Imprisonment, J* hn ({©restart. life Imprisonment. Jimmie Durns, life imprisonment. Gen© Shearer, life imprisonment. Harold Leighton, life imprisonment. “T *he# p. etc. “During the past twenty years th© population of the iowa penitentiary, insane asylums, reform schools. fccM#»-mlnded and other state financed Institutions has increased from 7,606 to 1 11.350. The dependents In towns and cities have increased In grcat#*r proportion. I would like to tell you th** great majority of th«*se are foreigners, or came here from other stat**, but the great majority were born and raised in Iowa, the great#*st state In the Union, whirr th.y could get out Into the woods and fields and have free access to    the gr. .t outdoors, which the city people are deprived of. don#* at    great expense    of    the    counties    an,| away from    the crowded oondi- and    usually    after    the    theorists    and,    tUma ahlrh    worker* br4N.t1 oth. r* have tri#*d out all their method* ( ajj lh,* undesirables in the of han*Iilng or correcting th#* man. If th# r»* is any further hop**, the judg* usually paroles the man from the, beach.    |    of    the    states    have    a    sferili city .<«lunix f M I Itll IZi: I \ DI mr \BLt: tlTIZEX.s. the | or- r “I ant at a I**' lo ut»#l«*r*lan«l. tin n. J    sat    ion law, and Iowa ha* one Ju*t what ha|>|M ii* lo lite nun In    !ll4t    1101 be# n enforced. I    do    not transit fn»nt Iii-- Ii*mr (vanity l«» Iii#* I think    it    n«* #ssary to sterilise    all    the Th* to.lowing    in*    ii w«rc    j»» nt* need    i    |„ titi«*tillar>. to rlutngi' him from an    !"• mates    of the state institutions,    but to life iruprisonm# nt for burglaryj    in    rn    tlsKsaMi    ctMmw:    why    thoar who    bring into the world wu b deadly weapon:    I    working    conditions must be shoo-    dependent* and menaces to society In a~elute* pert* ct. and th# hours not too    should be sterilised. It is a inert vx nrn#r. lire imprisonment.    I *    v    <    _ I’.ert Winter, life imprisonment.    long;    why    such strong * fTorts arej1/*    ‘»nl> sare and san#*    way to d**cr*as« Ed. An hart. life imprisonment.    1    made to luke perfect care of the “Any    numUr    of    oth#r    cases #*an    I    rid rn! na I and very little attention is be cited    of men    that are not ‘kill*rn*    paid to his wife and family. It I* this and criminal mailing an order and paying for the’ der* committed with revolver* and    or even criminally Incline#!, who are    jrrst* rn. or    lack    of svst«m.    that    results artillery when delivered. The only automatic* during the past few years    doing ten. tw#nty, thirty, forty and    •    }n    raising    more    criminals    and    state people who profit by this easy m«*thod for which men have been #‘X#*cii?#*#l in    up to seventy year* and life because    |    g,    pendents. of distributing 'rods', as the crooks this state. I can enumerate from (    they were foolish enough to carry a call them, are the manufacture* and three to five hundred eas#*s of men    revolver. In th#* rase of Shorty Gross, distributors of the guns. and bank at Fort Madison, sentenced from five    the testimony showed that W#*» k* robbers, murderers, stick-up men and ! year* to life for murder, attempted    carried the automatic, gave it to gunmen g»-nera11y.    murder, hank robl#rry with deadly i    Shorty and told him to g* t Mr. Foe- “The Im ‘St cit tx* n in the Mate can-! weapon. Mick up and other crim* * too, dick when h cause they are required and taught to not buy an ounce 0f poison, to poUon numerous to mention, in which the’ command, and Shorty did not know I work at the Institution and have the    without    Im    tog    personally    known    only reason the criminal believed he j enough about automatics to tak* his J p, n if you would attempt to work “At the Iowa penitentiary we have over one hundred I. W. W.’g men who won't work on th#* outside. The only time they are active is when they are disorganising rn* n w ho '**ant to work did not stop at thelr|and are willing to work. You can rosily imagtm* just what wouht hap habit firmly established before they by    druggist    and    signing    a    state-I would be successful wa* b##cau*c he j finger off the trigg* r to stop firing 1 that claim of men In the I* st organised are discharged. In other w'ord* whin    mcnt that lf Is to be used entirely for    was arm«d with a deadly w»'«pon. and • when the first shot was fired.    ,    factory    In your city. Still, these men a prisoner is d!scharg»*d that has    legal purpose*. The «lrugglst must k#*cp    would have a d»»clded advsntagc over    ..j imve be# n engag#«I in army,    port    j    ar© iM-nt    to Fort Madison for so many worked every day, he Is at a #i*‘dd*'d    a record, open to any citlxen, showing    his victim. Practically every criminal    office and n«wspaper work since    the,    y«ur* at    'hard labor/ and the peopl#* advantage over the prisoner who has    amount,    kind of poison, and for1 arrested is armed with a revolver or spanish American war. and have1 of th#' state exp«ct us to get work  ______ ____ not done any work during hts con- Juat what ,t ls to bt. used. Yet,    any ,    automatic,    and It Is unnecessary to    known more or I* si at#out    fingerprint    •    out    of them.    and    enough    work    out    of receipt of    161    men    each    year i    flncment    who has    practically serv#**!    criminal can g#d enough artillery    and    add they are experts in handling them* j    an,f identification work. but    not    un-]    all    rn# n    at    the    institution    to    make    the prison was started, and In his time in Idleness at the expense of ammunition to ‘bump off* the whol#- j weapons, while the average citizen is ti, | ^w ac tual results In Identify- I institution self-supporting and In addl-during the past four years^ the state.    town without giving hi* name. what * 1°** what to do with an auto- . |n(r <*rtminals at th# Iowa penitentiary j tlon. some money to send home to v tK'cn an increase of about, “People generally should take as it is wanted for. or letting anyt»ody matte when it Is given to him    I    gig j r,.alixe the gr# at progress the’ their tumid* s. •ach year over the numbttj much tnter«'*t in prison* as they do know that he has it.    “The    following    young    m#*n    were    fingerprint system bas made in the j -Winn a flagranl crime Is commit-    remove    a    henry    burden    that    will In other words the pop- in hospitals. When I was In the scrv-    **if it had not be# n so #a*y to se-    s* nt to prison for life for robbing a    past few years. Nin« »y-nin# |»# r    c# nt    l«xl the    iMiblfc- »*»ak«*#i a great fmm; J otherwise have to be born* by th© s more    than    doubled    during    ice I visited the    hospital r«‘gularly.    PUr<» revolver* and ammunition In    tliiw    bank with    a deadly weapon; the fact I    of the people today do not primarily,    because    I    was interested in    state, the following men would    not,    that they    robb#«l the hank di«l not!    absolute accuracy with wl th© state dependent population. The**' people continue to bring Into the world new generations of human beings handicapped from the very beginning by a woefully small conception of th#* difference between right and wrong These * re the people who ar#* filling our p«'na! Institution*. jails, workhouses. Insane asylum*. and form a very large proportion of the unemploye#!. ‘ Tho#*' In severe rases of syphilis, tuberculosis and certain other diseases which may be transmitted to. or damage the offspring, sterilization. ut least, should bo resorted to. Many states have a compulsory stertizatton law for lunatic'*. lmb#'dle*. low grad.* morons, and certain habitual criminals, and the Iowa law should be made effective for this ria*# “If this law Is made effective It will stop, at the source, much of th© crim© and general delinquency, and .r years, Increasing from Madison, w® have 1,006, realise the waul* the criminal #apinrc«l and given , coming g«*neratlon huh peopl# lmn***«l»a»#* and *a*v#w |mi ii Mint#'n IS This question ann I:.«r aaa lr t, th**} 4 Sin* nu I FEDERAL PRISONS GAIN IN IMPORTANCE lr urns from two. three, or »■* should be used to help dependent* of other men iiian Is sent to prison his *1 physical condition is proved, due to regular food, and healthful occu-’ ' re arc* ve ry few men in and the death rate Is ss than one-half of one I* 'his condition could be i I the wives and children ♦ the good tr#»atment, and >d to work hard in order •a’ or two occasionally, *do-A uld l>e more the sort of the majority of dtixens !n-d l»e, and the dep#*nd# nt today w’ould not be the %t‘    °f    tomorrow*. M l*lt<»YIl>E I MUH: I XIII FII I SON ERS toners are sentenced to ‘so yr ars at hard labor/ The ’ of that sentence is for ’ and hoard of control to hard labor/ not" only la- Increase in Laws Causes * Institutions to Become Greater Factors in Law Enforcement. MEMBERS OF NATIONAL COMMISSION MEET IN NEW YORK TO DISCUSS MEASURES TO COMBAT CRIME WAVE. A W Hp I IH .DI HIO J. HASKIN ’AHI 11 NOTON, IL CV- In spit. of the increasing max© of Government activities that have sprung up since the war, Uncle Ham i« spemlmK more money and energy every year In the work of rehabilitating the law. the welfare of all of my men who have been murdered and the following send them to prison for life; the fact ^ can lie ami ar# identified by this ny* IMhs the crim mal h «*a|»lurexl a great (Continued on Fag*- S'ive. Fart Two.! _    - _    _____ _______were there, but really to get the men i _ I__________ I    I_ mom*, about    the    name    num-j back on their    feet again ‘for the good ockwell City, the women'* of the service/ Home military author-'f, only 68. Approximately tty has figured out that it takes two i for every 2.000 people In wall men to take care of one sirk '"he problem In Iowa, now man, and this as equally true of the time,    Is    to provide    employ- J    convict and    the    free    man. uric 2.000    prisoners    so    that I “Running    cl prison    I* a hard    prop- pay for their own mainte- ositton these day's. Many people be-1 lf possible, make enough i li#*ve It should be conducted along the to pay for the support of J old lines; stern, drastic discipline. relents.    If    necessary,    the§ making the    convicted m«*n 'do It hard/ and to think that is the only-way to mak<‘ him realise that he ha* transgressed the law. Then there Is the other group who think the prisoner should    be allowed to govern j himself, who    get sentimental and do j not believe    in    any    discipline.    We j try to follow    th©    common    s#nse course. OILY A FEW “HARD DUELED'' 44 AT Fort Madison we have twelve am men who *©#m to want to do their time ‘hard* and we make It Just j u*ss members of society. as hard as they want It. They ar#'    Due to the    tncre****d number of under constant supervision, beearn*#- Federal statute** passed in the last their one thought seems to be to es- few years, the Federal prisons are I*# -cape. This leave** 994 men whom we coming an ev#»r gr«*ater factor in the can treat us the averag© man is tr«*at- I enforcement of th#* law and the ad-ed on the outside, that do not have ministration of justice In the I nit* cl to live up to a lot of hard and fast Htatea. rules made neccaaary by the ‘hard ITevious to the last decade the to-boiled* minority of ten or twelve men tai number of federal prisoners was This ‘hard boiled* minority Is the j much less than at present and a class of prisoner who is always ask- j greater proportion of the law br# ak-Ing for a chance, and they always J era. having violated the various state take It lf given the slightest oppor- laws, were confined in the state instl- tunlty.    *    !    tutlcns.    .    .    ‘ “The first act of the territorial leg-j    The marked    tendency or the na- j ich the state will receive Mature, relative to penitentiary' In j Mona! government in rec« nt y*‘ars to fual cash to pay for IHMI left n fan,: dbl© aa* v # Of ’ ■ f an*! ti agah: ticulai I* dis *TJtpT •ta Us Pen** th#* v ad vo**, lr breck th. ^ moi th*- r»bi irs the ; jowa wajl approved January 26, 1839.* pass more laws regulating the prlvat*- VJ<JTAHIJ>i in varied walk* of life. J photograph* *■!»#•© ^ d«ri to right. #dt-!«*f **101#': Madding Newton D. flaker. -y!lt !>. but to have something j fifth section of which authorised liv#*s of cltlxena, such a* th#- Volstead ll i-xtmptMng Ike cx«vutl%e r#ini- ling) F. Tnahr© Da«Imhi, «hairman; f«»rt»»#-r *#<-r#*tarjr of war; tAr#trr IE. to help support the man's th© outside. It Is lmpos-‘•■rt any industry employing of a thousand men without with some outside industry, ■liarcly a great cry goes up ' ovid labor, and that par-dustry. Then the Industry 'inued, the machinery and n* in wrecked, the state pook-v and an effort, at great exile state, is m%de to build up •s’ry. that some theorist has as a substitute, until Its 'air start, and then It Is * hy the same process and for • reason. « s-motive labor for each and d who is able to woik is the I'ortant ©lem«>nt in r*‘building : s* nt to prison, and not only *h* m physically, but ke©p- « sane fra in*' of mind. the governor to draw the sum of | and Mann acts. instead of leaving this ^ 820.000 appropriated by an act of function aimoat entirely to th#- stat*s.    #    .    uhnr#    la ii«r.i uxJikirn ——— —■■#    • ----  /*    .'    pr congress, approved July 7. 183S. for as wa* formerly the ess#, has been <trim#^ • «mmKxRis, md r©rrwtly is J    E^bor,    EU#-hard Waslib#irn trewsMrer of the «muM«ssioa; Herbert t priBOn inmates are In ©nfor#e.| 1*11- *    .    ___ .    .    .    ■    I    u _* .w .    .    ..    .    .    _    .    ,    K#*m**U    of    the    Hts    Itaavk##)    railroad ire of the ncsUy furmexl XatkmaJ Hug*. E ra, Is- of ch, Amrrtran 8 rd-,    xaniin    I    VK    Kobcrtv f©minirte federal law breakers, who ar* at pr»*s<nt coniln#-d in state prisons. It \ til not aid th** congested situation in th#- p>-m?entiarl#-s for men. I'*»r l'lr-t off# inl#*rx. Th© department vt Justice now favors as a solution of the congaed problem the constru« tl* n of a prison to b*- fill#-*! entirely by tirst offenders. The gov- rnm©nt*» | rison exp* rts a I* vocat«> this plan because it is I hot that by k«-cptng first offenders s# gre-gafed they will lo* I# ss apt to learn the tricks of th#* tia*Ie from th#* bard#' in-1 law break**rs with whom they woul#) mingle in the r#*gular penitentlari# s. It Is argu#'«l that many young men are sent to prison for a first offense and return to s©cl* fy at the conclusion of their terms not reformed. but rather schooled In gr* at* r lawi#*M>n*8s ss a result of the tul**Dge they received In the corrective institution. It Is also estimate#! that first offender* aion© uimN r a larg< proportion of the b*tl number of f« derat convicts annually, and would be sufficient to fill a new prison, thus relieving the cong* st ion in the old#*r Institutions. Heck E»»«i»l*»,tw#‘«*t. one of the outsfxn ling problems In the administration of the prison em. In addition to the congestion finest Ion. is that of providing suitable employment f#»r all the prisoners. At nt (arg#* numbers of able-bodi* d public buildings in the Territory of Iowa. It provided for a board of directors of thr#^ persons elected by the legislature, who should dlrwt the building of the penitential^', which should be located within one mile of the public square. In the town of Fort Madison, provided Fort Madison should deed to the directors a tract of land suitable for the site. and assign them, by contract, a spring or stream of water for the us© of the penitentiary. To the directors was also given the power of appointing the warden; the latter to appoint his own assistants. •The first directors appointed were John 8. Davis and John Claypole. They made their first report to the legislative council November t. IIM. responsible for the tn crease of federal    New Y'ork to cl Mn*** reined ic* for the    UL lid.    former amha*<*a«lor to Italy;    Hadlr-y. former govern* »r «»f Mlwsri. prisoners. The prohibition statute    unusual wave of law I#**-**©*© prevail-    Mrs.    I tl*#*l It#©** wit Ihvbjr, ami    ami (harlem H. sal do, chairman of the aion*', officials say. has been r#spon-    lug iii rn ut tin* c«untrj. TI*© above    (hart#    ** Ifogb#-.. former •rvffiary    Hiuumv (xnnnittlrr. Bible for swelling the ranks of these--  ,     , convicts by severs! thousands ex- liM-n-a*#* iii Frtsowrv.    expensive and scientific prison gystem    Yet In spite of the gr*at#*r • o«    june 30 of this year th#* total    in the world, according to the expert*    p#>nditur#s for operating three institu- nuinkr of f#*dcral prt*on#*rs was 8.618. j of the department of Justice.    j    tionx.    federal prison offlclal* claim Till* wa* 851 more than the number At the present lime th© country ha* |bat the three i*©filt©ntlart©s ar#* for th© ore crime year. *    , three •federal prisons, located at At- «golly in*d#*iuat.. for hotnrtng th© astng number of convicts    lanta. G#*orgia; I^»vfnw»rth, Kansas,    ptt-ady stream of (convicts b©ing turned    ‘    tut Ions    for the gov«*mm©nt. th© f#-d©ra! charges. In order to relieve th© situation th© sup©rinten#l©nt has recommend*-#) to th* attorney general that steps ta? taken to procure n©w corrective lusti ness. The who)© th#rory of the federal prisons Is bas# d on the conception that a prison shoubl Im* s corr«*ctlve rather ihan a purely punitive institution. It Is b#*li©v«d that many novices at law-breaking can be rede#* med lf tralne«l in i-aeful trad#-s. which would make it possible fir th*-m to support themselves honestly. For tb's reason every prisoner is classified arcordirg to his training In ro/'rnmVnt rharc- ha. bronchi; md McNHI I.land. Waahlnclon. J over dally by the courts, lait spring 1 laud spring the sit* was chosen and f ___________ about a ne#*d for a corresponding ex- j    INisoOk    .Ar© Inadequate.    the crowd#*d conditions of the prisons, work begun on th© new- penitentiary j an<j ability and Is *©t to learning some tension of the nations prison facilities I During the fiscal year which ended particularly st Atlanta, became so for worn* n now under construction it form ^ aDrk TM* Is not only conand also for a general improvement last Jun© 3®. It cost the government acute that the superintend# nt ot Alderson. West Virginia. This Inst!- altered beneficial for the prisoners. in the #*qulpment and methods in the % 1.741.094.85 to maintain and operate prisons appealed to the adjacent state j baton is Intend* d to be a model cor- but    tt    possible    for them to 1 tb#s# three institutions. This was an institutions to tak© ©vs* some of lh©, r*&ctlve institution and will be modern mak^ money for the government dur- Inc the period of their Incarceration. present Institutions.      _    ^    ^ lf the plans now being worked out J |,u rease of 82®0.®®o over the ex- ! federal prisoners Ely “boarding out    in every r# spect. ar, carried into effect, the United p©ndinires of th#* federal prisons for groups of prisoners in this fashion. It    While the new    women'* prison will Staten will bavs probably UM most tile previous Lscai jcar.    ^waa posMl-Ie to find quarters for all solve the question of shat to do    (Continuod    on    E'ag©    live,    Fart    Two.) ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Burlington Hawk Eye

RealCheck